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Патент USA US2053732

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Sept. 8, 1936.
E. H. NELSON
2,053,732
INVISIBLE INDIRECT LIGHTING DRAMATIZATION SCREEN
Filed July 23, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Inventor
I
Zi'rnwZ‘EZZMmm
dttornegJ.
2,053,732
Patented Sept. 8, 1936
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,053,732
INVISIBLE INDIRECT LIGHTING
DRAMATIZATION SCREEN
Ernest Emil Henry Nels'on,'Hot Springs
.
National Park, Ark.
Application July 23, 1935, Serial No. 32,812 i
4 Claims.
The present invention’ relates to screens and
the like adapted particularly for dramatizing
such as in providing a backing for caskets and
the like, and more particularly for producing
5 an indirect lighting from sources of light which
are hidden and carried by the screen.
An object of the present invention is to pro
vide a screen which may comprise .a desired
number of panels andto equip each panel with
30 a detachable lamp box adapted to be removably
positioned on the screen and with the lamp boxes
and their attachments so constructed that a
lamp box may be mounted on each panel of the
screen and wherein all of the lamp boxes may be
15 interconnected in series for lighting the same.
Another object of the invention is to provide
certain improved structural features in the screen
itself wherein the screen may comprise a number
of movably connected panels adapted to be placed
20 in straight line or various angular positions-and
wherein means is provided for supporting the
panels in upright position.
This object also
embodies lighting boxes individual to the screen
panels and so constructed and mounted as to
25 admit of the adjustments of the panels into vari
ous angular or straight line positions and wherein
the lighting boxes may be removed or detached
from the panels so that the screen may be col
lapsed into small form for transportation‘.
Another object of the present invention is to
30
provide a screen structure which is adaptable to
modernistic design and to provide lighting boxes
which are so constructed as to blend into the
design and to be ?rmly supported in position and
35 readily removed when desired from the screen.
With‘ the foregoing and other objects in view,
the invention will be more fully described here
inafter, and will be more particularly pointed out
in the claims appended hereto.
40
In the drawings, wherein like symbols refer to
like or corresponding parts throughout the sev
eral views.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of the screen con
structed according to the present invention, the
usual drapes being omitted.
Figure 2 is an edge elevation of the same.
Figure 3 is a top plan view thereof.
Figure 4 is a horizontal section taken on the
50 line 4-4 of Figure 1 and looking down toward
the bottom of the screen.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary enlarged elevation
of the top portion of a screen panel, showing
in section a lighting or lamp box mounted there
55 on.
(01. 240-4)
Figure 6 is a detail top plan view of one of
the lamp boxes.
Figure 7 is a transverse section taken on
the line 'l—‘! of Figure 6 through the lamp box,
showing the wiring arrangement, and
Figure 8 is an end elevation of one of the lamp
boxes, showing fragmentarily in section the ad
jacent portion of the screen panel.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 shows a
screen made up of a plurality of panels ID. Each
panel It] may be constructed of wood and is sub
stantially rectangular in form with parallel up
rights between the lower portions of which is dis
posed a lower cross piece H and between‘ the
upper end portions of which is disposed at top 15
cross piece l2. Angle or corner blocks [3 are dis
posed in the corners of the frame It) to reinforce
the frame, and these corner blocks may have any
suitable con?guration to blend with the general
design of the screen. The opposite ends of the 20
top ‘cross piece l2 may be stepped as shown to
impart a modernistic design to the screen, and
advantage is taken of this stepped portion for
supporting a lighting box at the top of the panel.
As shown to advantage in Figures 6 to 8, the 25
lighting box comprises a box body “I which may
be in one piece having a lower flat surface
l5 adapted to rest upon the upper edge of
the cross piece l2 and which is provided
with a wider upper portion as shown which 30
extends beyond the opposite sides of the sur
face l5 and provides at opposite ends lugs or
projections I6 which are spaced apart at their
inner portions to provide recesses or openings
I‘! through which the upwardly stepped ends of
the cross piece l2 are adapted to ?t.
Thus, the lamp box l4 may be ?tted down
wardly upon the cross piece I2 with the recesses
I‘! in register with the stepped ends of the cross
piece so that the stepped ends are engaged be- '
tween the lugs I6 to hold the lamp box ?rmly
from tilting. The cross piece l2 itself provides
the support to engage beneath the body block I4
of the lamp casing and thus ?rmly supports the
latter. The body block I 4 is recessed in its upper
side to provide an upwardly ?aring compartment
or chamber in which is ?tted a re?ector lining
18 of suitable material which preferably extends
from the bottom of the chamber to the upper edge
of the block and with its opposite sides ?aring 50
upwardly. The end walls of the block I4 are used
to support lamp sockets IS in which are ?tted
lamps 20 of suitable wattage to provide the re
quired degree of light. The lamp sockets IQ of
each lamp box l4 are interconnected by electric
2,053,732
wires 2| and the wires are extended in substan
tially the form of cables 22 from opposite ends
of the lamp box and are equipped with separable
connectors 23, shown in Figure 3, for connecting
a line of the lamp boxes together in series. The
end box l4 may be provided with an extension
cord 24 carrying a plug 25 adapted to be inserted
in the service socket of the usual house wiring
system.
10
incident to the double acting‘ hinges 26. The
lighting boxes are now merely slipped down into
place upon the upper cross pieces l2 with the
lugs l6 of the lamp boxes engaging the opposite
sides of the enlarged stepped ends of the cross
pieces l2. The separable fasteners are now in
terconnected and the plug 25 may be inserted in
the service socket to supply the current. Of 10
course any suitable wiring arrangement, switches
It will be observed from Figures 3 and 5 par
ticularly that the lighting or lamp boxes 14 are
of less length than that of the panels upon which
or the like than as shown may be utilized to ac
they are mounted so that the panels may be
readily swung in either direction about their in
complish the features of this invention.
It is obvious that various changes and modi?
15 terconnecting double acting hinges 26 which are
used to connect any desired number of the panels
in series to make up the screen. The top cross
pieces I2 are provided at opposite sides with rows
of eyes 21 which project but a slight distance be
20 yond the opposite sides of the cross pieces and are
adapted to receive hooks or the like of drapes
adapted to be hung at one or both sides of the
screen, depending upon the use to which the
screen is placed. It may here be noted that the
25 screen may be used at one side only such as in
serving as the backing or ground for a casket, or
the screen may be used in display rooms as a
partition wherein both sides of the screen are
called into play and drapes of different charac
ters may be suspended at opposite sides of the
screen.
The lamp boxes l4 open upwardly and aided
by the re?ectors I 8 the light rays are projected
upon the ceiling or the like above the screen and
are thus re?ected and diffused downwardly so
as to impart the desired soft lighting effects.
Detachable feet 28 may be used and may com
prise, as shown in Figures 1 to 4, substantially
T-shape blocks having their shank portions ex
40 tending upwardly and provided with transverse
recesses 29 through which the lower cross pieces
H of the panels are adapted to engage. The
sides of the feet 28 may be stepped upwardly to
blend with the general modernistic design of the
45 screen. These feet are employed particularly
when the screen is extended out in a straight
line as shown in the present drawings. Of course
when the screen is adjusted with the panels H]
in relative angular relation, the lower ends of
50 the side pieces of the panels serve as feet and hold
the screen from tilting. Any desired number
of the feet 28 may be employed and they may be
placed to advantage along the screen.
When it is desired to transport the screen it
55
use it may be placed in a straight line position, as
shown or in any suitable position of adjustment
is only necessary to separate the couplings 23
and to lift the lighting boxes upwardly from the
cross pieces I2 of their respective panels. The
lighting boxes may thus be separately and inde
pendently transported and cared for and the
60 panel sections of the screen may thus be folded
back and‘forth' one upon the other into com
pact form so that the screen may be quickly and
easily removed or readjusted.
It is evident that when the screen is set up for
cations may be made in the details of construction 15
and design of the above speci?cally described em
bodiment of this invention without departing from
the spirit thereof, such changes and modi?cations
being restricted only by the scope of the follow
20
ing claims.
What is claimed is:—
1. A dramatization screen comprising a plu
rality of hingedly connected panels, each of said
panels having a cross piece in its upper end with
enlarged end portions, a lamp box detachably
seated upon each cross piece and having apertured
?anges at opposite ends adapted to embrace the
large ends of the cross piece to hold the box on
the cross piece, and separable electric means in
terconnecting the lamp boxes.
30
2. A dramatization screen comprising a plu
rality of hingedly connected panels, each panel
having a cross piece at its upper end and the
cross piece having upwardly stepped end portions,
.a lamp box seated upon each cross piece and hav
35
ing recesses in opposite ends for receiving therein
the upwardly stepped ends of the cross piece to
interlock the lamp box on the cross piece, lamps
in the lamp box, and electrical connections be
tween the lamp boxes for illuminating the same. 40
3. A dramatization screen comprising a plu
rality of hingedly connected panels, said panels
having cross pieces at their upper ends with drape
supporting‘ eyes at opposite sides of the cross
pieces and upwardly stepped ends for the cross
pieces, a series of lamp boxes removably seated on
said cross pieces and having notches in opposite
ends adapted to embrace the enlarged ends of the
cross pieces for holding the lamp box thereon,
lamps in said lamp boxes, wiring carried by the
lamp boxes between the lamps and separable con~
nectors between the wiring of the adjacent lamp
boxes.
4. A dramatization screen comprising a plu
rality of hingedly connected panels having cross 55
pieces at their upper and lower ends, upwardly
opening lamp boxes removably inter?tted upon
the upper cross pieces, electric wiring carried by
the lamp boxes and including separable fasteners
for interconnecting the lamp boxes in series, and 60
detachable feet engaging the lower cross pieces
of the panels for supporting the screen in upright
position.
ERNEST EMIL HENRY NELSON.
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