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Патент USA US2054589

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Sept. 15, 1936-
A. H. TINNERMAN
‘2,054,589
STOVE
Filed March 15, 1934
3
' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. 15, 1936-
A. H. TINNERMAN
2,054,589
STOVE
Filed March 15, 1934
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
dew 7i. 3"
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Mann/1AA
Patented Sept. 15, 1936
.
UNITED STATES
2,054,589 '
PATENT OFFICE
2,054,589
STOVE
Albert H. Tinnerman, Cleveland, 01110
Application March 13, 1934, Serial No. 715,320
5 Claims. (Cl. 126-39)
This invention relates to gas ranges and par
ticularly to those which utilize a table top, as a
working surface, apart‘ from the burner grids.
Heretofore, the cooking burners, which usually
are four in number have been arranged in the
form of a rectangle at one side of the range and
have occupied approximately one-half of the
available space on the top of the range. The re
maining space has been used as a working sur
face, but it has been located directly over the
oven, where it is too hot to be of general use‘
while the oven burner is in operation.
One of the objects of my invention therefore,
is to provide an arrangement of burners by means
.15 of which approximately one-half the top surface
is available as a working surface, and in which
half of it is located above the oven and the re
mainder above the usual utensil compartment.
In this way, I obtain a hot working surface, and
20 a cold working surface, whenever the oven is
in use.
bered lines in Fig. 1; Fig‘. 6 is a sectional view
through a broiler drawer having a modi?ed form
of pan support, and Fig. '7 is a section taken on
an enlarged scale through a burner and on the
line 1—-1 in Fig. 3.
The stove, which I have illustrated has a top
In, end walls II, and a back wall 5. The front
wall is formed by an oven closure I2, a broiler
closure l3 and a utensil compartment closure I4.
The burner arrangement for cooking purposes 10
is illustrated in Fig. 2 as comprising four burners
l5 which are arranged in longitudinal alignment
in the rear portion of the range top. The burner
openings are preferably oval in shape and are
provided with grids in the usual manner. By 15'
arranging the burners in the manner illustrated
and described, it is apparent that substantially
one-half of the top surface is available for a
working surface, and that there is no necessity
to reach across one burner while handling a 20
utensil on another, and that there is therefore,
no danger of burning the wearing apparel of the
The arrangement of burners which my inven
tion seeks to accomplish is di?icult of attain
user.
ment if the usual compact arrangement of valve
To maintain a compact arrangement of the
fuel control handles at one side of the oven, I
25 handles is disposed directly in front of its as
sociated burner, the space requirements would. provide a manifold 20 which’ is disposed within
necessitate an oven that is too small in height to the range and in the upper portion of the utensil
be practical. Accordingly, I have devised a con
compartment. The manifold is connected to a
trol arrangement by means of which the gas supply pipe 2|, which is shown, as entering the
30 valves may be compactly arranged at one side range from the rear thereof.
of the oven, and by means of which the burners
A valve 22 is connected to the manifold for each
may be located in any desired position with rela~ of the cooking burners, and each is controlled
tion to the top of the range. - Moreover, I have by rotatable rod 23 which extends to the front
devised an arrangement wherein the valves are Wall and is provided with a knob 24. In the pre
35 maintained in a cool region at all times, and ferred arrangement the. manifold and associated
wherein the adjusting mechanism for controlling valves are disposed beneath a partition 25, as is
the mixture of gas and air is readily accessible shown in Fig. 4, and hence are in a region in
for each burner.
which the temperature is substantially uniform.
' A further consideration in connection with
Thus, there is no danger of the valves sticking on
40 table top ranges is the fact that the'broiler com
account of their subjection to an excessive degree 40
partment is located directly beneath the oven of heat. '
and is therefore, too low for convenience.
To connect the supply valves with the burners,
A further object of my invention therefore, is I provide ?exible tubing 26, as is shown in Fig. 3,
to maintain the broiler beneath the oven, which
45 is the most logical position from a standpoint of
manufacture and utility, and yet, to make it as
reasonably convenient for use, as is the oven.
An additional object is to provide an arrange
ment which will increase the efficiency of the
burner operation, and yet will conceal all of the
mechanism except the gas outlet openings.
Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a front
elevation of a stove embodying ‘my invention;
Fig. 2 is a top plan View thereof; Figs. 3, 4 and 5
55 are sections taken on the correspondingly num
and I extend each tube from one of the valves to
an outlet, which is located adjacent each burner
inlet. In Fig. '7, the burner inlet is indicated at
28, at which point the usual air control disc valve
is located, and at such point, I provide a needle
valve or ori?ce, indicated in general at 29. By
making the openings oval in shape, as heretofore
described, and by locating the needle valves at
the inlet end of a goose neck tube 30, the needle
valves are readily accessible from the top of the
stove for inspection and adjustment. Such mech
anism may normally be concealed from view, 55
.2
2,054,589
however, by a curved plate 3| which is supported
on the range top beneath the periphery of the
grids 32, and which extends downwardly and ter
minates in an opening that is sufficiently large to
enclose the burner.
The curved plates have a
two-fold use, in that they conceal the fuel adjust
ment members and direct secondary air into the
burners, through the openings between the burner
arms.
10
In Figs. 3 and 7 I have shown a plate 9, which
extends longitudinally of the stove and which
provides a supporting medium for a plurality of
burners. The plate has rigidly fastened thereto,
as by welding, a bracket 8, which is shown as a
15 U-shaped member, one leg of which supports the
gas conduit 26, and the other leg of which sup
'20
ports a cross plate 1 upon which the burner rests.
To utilize the space over the oven for cooking
burners and at the same time to provide an oven
.which has a maximum height, I utilize a false
oven top 33, which extends downwardly from the
oven front in an inclined direction and thence
laterally in a- horizontal direction, as is shown in
lar members that are attached to the bottom of
the range and that extend from the front to rear
as is shown in Fig. 4. These supports provide a
sturdy construction that can be installed at the
factory and shipped with the range, whereas in
prior constructions, the practice has been to ship
the legs with the stove in dismantled condition.
From the foregoing description, it will be ap
parent that I_ have provided a stove, which has
many advantages over prior ranges, and which
provides a compact structure that may be made
principally of pressed steel parts, and therefore
10
produced at low cost,
I claim:
1. A range having a top and having a burner 15
opening therein, a partition therebeneath, said
partition providing the top wall of a utensil com
partment, a closure for the compartment, said
closure having an opening therein, a burner dis
posed between the partition and the top, a mani 20
fold positioned within the utensil compartment,
a valve connected thereto, an operating member
connected to the valve and extending through
Fig. 5. The horizontally extending portion then
25 provides a support for the two burners, which are a said opening in the compartment closure, a con
located above the oven and enable them to be
positioned at the same level as the remaining
burners.
.'
The broiler compartment closure is preferably
duit leading from the valve and extending 25
through the partition and terminating adjacent
the burner, an ori?ce at the outlet end of said
conduit, and an air adjusting device for ‘the
burner adjacent the ori?ce, said ori?ce and de
vice being disposed adjacent the burner and 30
above the partition whereby they are accessible
that is provided with elevating means to vary its I for adjustment through a burner opening.
position vertically with reference to the drawer.
2. A range having a top and having burner
30 a drawer, which is slidably positioned within the
compartment. The drawer has a pan support 35,
In the preferred arrangement, such means com
35 prises a threaded spindle 36 which is attached to
the pan, and which in turn engages a correspond
ingly threaded socket in a pedestal 31. Thus, the
pan support may be elevated or lowered merely
by turning it on its axis.
40
_
In Fig. 5, the pedestal is illustrated as being
mounted directly upon the bottom of the drawer
in which case, it is rigidly fastened thereto. In
Fig. 6 however, the pedestal is shown as being
fastened to a false bottom 38 wherefore, it can be
45 removed as a unit from the drawer, whenever de
sired, as for instance to insert a large roasting
pan.
The utensil compartment closure is preferably
mounted on concealed hinges, along the line 39, to
50 swing outwardly, and so it is provided with clear
ance openings 40 for the valve operating knobs
24. I have shown only four knobs exposed in
view, and so provision must be made for the oven
burner valve and oven heat control mechanism.
55 These are preferably mounted within'the utensil
compartment, just below the valve rods 23 where
they are readily accessible in the utensil compart
ment, just below the valve rods 23 where they are
readily accessible, whenever the utensil compart
60 ment door is opened. I prefer to locate the oven
and broiler control mechanism in a concealed
location, for they are used so infrequently, that
I deem it advisable to avoid exposed valve oper
ating members as much as possible.
A further feature of my range is the use of a
splash plate, which is connected to the back of the
stove and which is provided wit brackets 4| that
extend forwardly from it, and t ence downwardly
70 and are attached to the top I0. In the preferred
arrangement, the forward ends of the brackets
terminate adjacent the forward ends of the burn
ers, and thus provide guards for holding utensils
on the range.
x75
~
'
The stove legs 42 are preferably U-shaped tubu
openings therein, the burners being arranged in. .
a row only at the rear of the top, a plate beneath 35
the burners, the range having a utensil compart
ment beneath the plate, a closure for the com
partment, said closure having spaced opening
therein, burners disposed between the plate and
the top, a manifold positioned beneath the plate, 40
valves connected to the manifold, an operating
member connected to each valve and extending ,
through one of the openings -.in the closure, a
conduit leading from each valve, and terminat
ing adjacent one of the burners, an ori?ce on the 45
outlet end of each conduit, and an air adjusting
device adjacent each ori?ce for each burner, all
of said ori?ces and devices being disposed above
the plate and being accessible for adjustment
through the burner openings.
3. A range having an oven, a closure therefor, ,
a top, a plurality of heaters disposed beneath the
top and arranged in a row at the rear of the
range, some of the heaters being disposed above
the oven, operating members for the heaters 65
disposed at one side of the oven, the top wall
of the oven having an offset to accommodate the
heaters that are positioned thereabove, and the
upper edge of the closure terminating adjacent
the range top.
4. A range having an oven, a closure therefor,
a top, a plurality of heaters disposed beneath the
top and arranged in a row at the rear of the
range, some of the heaters being disposed above
the oven compartment, operating members for 85
the heaters disposed at one side of the oven, the
rear portion of the oven beneath the heaters be
ing of less height than the front portion of the
oven, and the top edge of the oven closure termi~
nating adjacent the front lower edge of the 70
range top.
5. A range having a compartment therein, a
heater within the' range, said compartment hav
ing a heater controlling element in one portion
2,004,589
thereof, and having a. storage space in another
portion thereof, a. closure for the compartment,
3
ing for actuating the controlling element, said
actuator being smaller in size than the opening
said‘ closure being hinged on the range so as to ‘so as to permit opening of the closure without
swing on a vertical pivot and having an opening. disturbing the setting of the control element.
therein, an actuator-accessible from the exterior
of the range and projecting through the open
ALBERT H. TINNERMAN.
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