Патент USA US2054589код для вставки
Sept. 15, 1936- A. H. TINNERMAN ‘2,054,589 STOVE Filed March 15, 1934 3 ' 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 15, 1936- A. H. TINNERMAN 2,054,589 STOVE Filed March 15, 1934 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 dew 7i. 3" ‘5% ,gM4/3'W Mann/1AA Patented Sept. 15, 1936 . UNITED STATES 2,054,589 ' PATENT OFFICE 2,054,589 STOVE Albert H. Tinnerman, Cleveland, 01110 Application March 13, 1934, Serial No. 715,320 5 Claims. (Cl. 126-39) This invention relates to gas ranges and par ticularly to those which utilize a table top, as a working surface, apart‘ from the burner grids. Heretofore, the cooking burners, which usually are four in number have been arranged in the form of a rectangle at one side of the range and have occupied approximately one-half of the available space on the top of the range. The re maining space has been used as a working sur face, but it has been located directly over the oven, where it is too hot to be of general use‘ while the oven burner is in operation. One of the objects of my invention therefore, is to provide an arrangement of burners by means .15 of which approximately one-half the top surface is available as a working surface, and in which half of it is located above the oven and the re mainder above the usual utensil compartment. In this way, I obtain a hot working surface, and 20 a cold working surface, whenever the oven is in use. bered lines in Fig. 1; Fig‘. 6 is a sectional view through a broiler drawer having a modi?ed form of pan support, and Fig. '7 is a section taken on an enlarged scale through a burner and on the line 1—-1 in Fig. 3. The stove, which I have illustrated has a top In, end walls II, and a back wall 5. The front wall is formed by an oven closure I2, a broiler closure l3 and a utensil compartment closure I4. The burner arrangement for cooking purposes 10 is illustrated in Fig. 2 as comprising four burners l5 which are arranged in longitudinal alignment in the rear portion of the range top. The burner openings are preferably oval in shape and are provided with grids in the usual manner. By 15' arranging the burners in the manner illustrated and described, it is apparent that substantially one-half of the top surface is available for a working surface, and that there is no necessity to reach across one burner while handling a 20 utensil on another, and that there is therefore, no danger of burning the wearing apparel of the The arrangement of burners which my inven tion seeks to accomplish is di?icult of attain user. ment if the usual compact arrangement of valve To maintain a compact arrangement of the fuel control handles at one side of the oven, I 25 handles is disposed directly in front of its as sociated burner, the space requirements would. provide a manifold 20 which’ is disposed within necessitate an oven that is too small in height to the range and in the upper portion of the utensil be practical. Accordingly, I have devised a con compartment. The manifold is connected to a trol arrangement by means of which the gas supply pipe 2|, which is shown, as entering the 30 valves may be compactly arranged at one side range from the rear thereof. of the oven, and by means of which the burners A valve 22 is connected to the manifold for each may be located in any desired position with rela~ of the cooking burners, and each is controlled tion to the top of the range. - Moreover, I have by rotatable rod 23 which extends to the front devised an arrangement wherein the valves are Wall and is provided with a knob 24. In the pre 35 maintained in a cool region at all times, and ferred arrangement the. manifold and associated wherein the adjusting mechanism for controlling valves are disposed beneath a partition 25, as is the mixture of gas and air is readily accessible shown in Fig. 4, and hence are in a region in for each burner. which the temperature is substantially uniform. ' A further consideration in connection with Thus, there is no danger of the valves sticking on 40 table top ranges is the fact that the'broiler com account of their subjection to an excessive degree 40 partment is located directly beneath the oven of heat. ' and is therefore, too low for convenience. To connect the supply valves with the burners, A further object of my invention therefore, is I provide ?exible tubing 26, as is shown in Fig. 3, to maintain the broiler beneath the oven, which 45 is the most logical position from a standpoint of manufacture and utility, and yet, to make it as reasonably convenient for use, as is the oven. An additional object is to provide an arrange ment which will increase the efficiency of the burner operation, and yet will conceal all of the mechanism except the gas outlet openings. Referring now to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a stove embodying ‘my invention; Fig. 2 is a top plan View thereof; Figs. 3, 4 and 5 55 are sections taken on the correspondingly num and I extend each tube from one of the valves to an outlet, which is located adjacent each burner inlet. In Fig. '7, the burner inlet is indicated at 28, at which point the usual air control disc valve is located, and at such point, I provide a needle valve or ori?ce, indicated in general at 29. By making the openings oval in shape, as heretofore described, and by locating the needle valves at the inlet end of a goose neck tube 30, the needle valves are readily accessible from the top of the stove for inspection and adjustment. Such mech anism may normally be concealed from view, 55 .2 2,054,589 however, by a curved plate 3| which is supported on the range top beneath the periphery of the grids 32, and which extends downwardly and ter minates in an opening that is sufficiently large to enclose the burner. The curved plates have a two-fold use, in that they conceal the fuel adjust ment members and direct secondary air into the burners, through the openings between the burner arms. 10 In Figs. 3 and 7 I have shown a plate 9, which extends longitudinally of the stove and which provides a supporting medium for a plurality of burners. The plate has rigidly fastened thereto, as by welding, a bracket 8, which is shown as a 15 U-shaped member, one leg of which supports the gas conduit 26, and the other leg of which sup '20 ports a cross plate 1 upon which the burner rests. To utilize the space over the oven for cooking burners and at the same time to provide an oven .which has a maximum height, I utilize a false oven top 33, which extends downwardly from the oven front in an inclined direction and thence laterally in a- horizontal direction, as is shown in lar members that are attached to the bottom of the range and that extend from the front to rear as is shown in Fig. 4. These supports provide a sturdy construction that can be installed at the factory and shipped with the range, whereas in prior constructions, the practice has been to ship the legs with the stove in dismantled condition. From the foregoing description, it will be ap parent that I_ have provided a stove, which has many advantages over prior ranges, and which provides a compact structure that may be made principally of pressed steel parts, and therefore 10 produced at low cost, I claim: 1. A range having a top and having a burner 15 opening therein, a partition therebeneath, said partition providing the top wall of a utensil com partment, a closure for the compartment, said closure having an opening therein, a burner dis posed between the partition and the top, a mani 20 fold positioned within the utensil compartment, a valve connected thereto, an operating member connected to the valve and extending through Fig. 5. The horizontally extending portion then 25 provides a support for the two burners, which are a said opening in the compartment closure, a con located above the oven and enable them to be positioned at the same level as the remaining burners. .' The broiler compartment closure is preferably duit leading from the valve and extending 25 through the partition and terminating adjacent the burner, an ori?ce at the outlet end of said conduit, and an air adjusting device for ‘the burner adjacent the ori?ce, said ori?ce and de vice being disposed adjacent the burner and 30 above the partition whereby they are accessible that is provided with elevating means to vary its I for adjustment through a burner opening. position vertically with reference to the drawer. 2. A range having a top and having burner 30 a drawer, which is slidably positioned within the compartment. The drawer has a pan support 35, In the preferred arrangement, such means com 35 prises a threaded spindle 36 which is attached to the pan, and which in turn engages a correspond ingly threaded socket in a pedestal 31. Thus, the pan support may be elevated or lowered merely by turning it on its axis. 40 _ In Fig. 5, the pedestal is illustrated as being mounted directly upon the bottom of the drawer in which case, it is rigidly fastened thereto. In Fig. 6 however, the pedestal is shown as being fastened to a false bottom 38 wherefore, it can be 45 removed as a unit from the drawer, whenever de sired, as for instance to insert a large roasting pan. The utensil compartment closure is preferably mounted on concealed hinges, along the line 39, to 50 swing outwardly, and so it is provided with clear ance openings 40 for the valve operating knobs 24. I have shown only four knobs exposed in view, and so provision must be made for the oven burner valve and oven heat control mechanism. 55 These are preferably mounted within'the utensil compartment, just below the valve rods 23 where they are readily accessible in the utensil compart ment, just below the valve rods 23 where they are readily accessible, whenever the utensil compart 60 ment door is opened. I prefer to locate the oven and broiler control mechanism in a concealed location, for they are used so infrequently, that I deem it advisable to avoid exposed valve oper ating members as much as possible. A further feature of my range is the use of a splash plate, which is connected to the back of the stove and which is provided wit brackets 4| that extend forwardly from it, and t ence downwardly 70 and are attached to the top I0. In the preferred arrangement, the forward ends of the brackets terminate adjacent the forward ends of the burn ers, and thus provide guards for holding utensils on the range. x75 ~ ' The stove legs 42 are preferably U-shaped tubu openings therein, the burners being arranged in. . a row only at the rear of the top, a plate beneath 35 the burners, the range having a utensil compart ment beneath the plate, a closure for the com partment, said closure having spaced opening therein, burners disposed between the plate and the top, a manifold positioned beneath the plate, 40 valves connected to the manifold, an operating member connected to each valve and extending , through one of the openings -.in the closure, a conduit leading from each valve, and terminat ing adjacent one of the burners, an ori?ce on the 45 outlet end of each conduit, and an air adjusting device adjacent each ori?ce for each burner, all of said ori?ces and devices being disposed above the plate and being accessible for adjustment through the burner openings. 3. A range having an oven, a closure therefor, , a top, a plurality of heaters disposed beneath the top and arranged in a row at the rear of the range, some of the heaters being disposed above the oven, operating members for the heaters 65 disposed at one side of the oven, the top wall of the oven having an offset to accommodate the heaters that are positioned thereabove, and the upper edge of the closure terminating adjacent the range top. 4. A range having an oven, a closure therefor, a top, a plurality of heaters disposed beneath the top and arranged in a row at the rear of the range, some of the heaters being disposed above the oven compartment, operating members for 85 the heaters disposed at one side of the oven, the rear portion of the oven beneath the heaters be ing of less height than the front portion of the oven, and the top edge of the oven closure termi~ nating adjacent the front lower edge of the 70 range top. 5. A range having a compartment therein, a heater within the' range, said compartment hav ing a heater controlling element in one portion 2,004,589 thereof, and having a. storage space in another portion thereof, a. closure for the compartment, 3 ing for actuating the controlling element, said actuator being smaller in size than the opening said‘ closure being hinged on the range so as to ‘so as to permit opening of the closure without swing on a vertical pivot and having an opening. disturbing the setting of the control element. therein, an actuator-accessible from the exterior of the range and projecting through the open ALBERT H. TINNERMAN.