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William Shakespeare (April 26, 1564 -

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William Shakespeare
(April 26, 1564 - April 23, 1616)
It was made by Seree Idegel, the first year
student of the Foreign languages
department of the Teacher training
university of Far Eastern Federal University
Biography
• Shakespeare was born and
brought up in Stratford-uponAvon (a county Warwickshire) in
1564, was baptized on April, 26th,
precise date of a birth is
unknown. His father, John
Shakespeare (1530—1601), was
the solvent handicraftsman, he
was often selected on various
meaningful public positions.
Shakespeare's mother, nГ©e Mary
Arden (1537-1608) belonged to
one of the oldest Saxon families.
Total, the couple had eight
children, William was born third.
• At the age of 18, he
married Anne Hathaway.
At the time of the
marriage Anne was
pregnant. In 1583 the
couple had a daughter
Susan (baptized May
23), in 1585 - twins:
Hemnet son, who died
at age 11 in August
1596, and a daughter
Judith.
Beginning of the career
• Shakespeare's career
began between 1585
and 1592, when he
moved to London.
Soon he became a
successful actor,
playwright, and partowner of a theater
company called "Lord
Chamberlain's Men"
later known as "King's
Men."
The creation
•
Shakespeare produced most of
his known work between 1589
and 1613. His early plays were
mainly comedies and histories,
genres he raised to the peak of
sophistication and artistry by the
end of the 16th century. He then
wrote mainly tragedies until
about 1608, including Hamlet,
King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth,
considered some of the finest
works in the English language. In
his last phase, he wrote
tragicomedies, also known as
romances, and collaborated with
other playwrights. The author
wrote 17 comedies, 10
chronicles, 11 tragedies, five
poems and a cycle of 154
sonnets
The First Folio Title
• In 1623, John Heminges and
Henry Condell, two friends
and fellow actors of
Shakespeare, published the
First Folio, a collected edition
of his dramatic works that
included all but two of the
plays now recognized as
Shakespeare's. Later, various
researchers to attribute with
varying degrees of evidence a
few plays (or fragments
thereof) to Shakespeare.
Bardolatry
•
Shakespeare was a respected poet
and playwright in his own day, but his
reputation did not rise to its present
heights until the 19th century. The
Romantics, in particular, acclaimed
Shakespeare's genius, and the
Victorians worshipped Shakespeare
with a reverence that George Bernard
Shaw called "bardolatry". In the 20th
century, his work was repeatedly
adopted and rediscovered by new
movements in scholarship and
performance. His plays remain highly
popular today and are constantly
studied, performed, and
reinterpreted in diverse cultural and
political contexts throughout the
world.
The Globe.
• In 1599, a partnership
of company members
built their own theatre
on the south bank of
the River Thames,
which they called the
Globe.
Last years of life
• Shakespeare divided his time between
London and Stratford during his career.
Rowe was the first biographer to record
the tradition, that Shakespeare retired to
Stratford 'some years before his death'.
One reason for this is the fact that the
London public theaters repeatedly
stopped working because of outbreaks of
plague. After 1610, Shakespeare wrote
fewer plays, and none are attributed to
him after 1613.
• All surviving signatures on documents Shakespeare (1612-1613) have a
very poor handwriting, based on which some researchers believe that he
was seriously ill at that time.
• Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616. Traditionally, it is assumed that he
died on his birthday, but there is no certainty confidence that Shakespeare
was born on April 23. In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large
estate to his elder daughter Susanna.
The grave
• Shakespeare was buried in the
chancel of the Holy Trinity Church
three days after his death. The
epitaph was written on his
tombstone:
• «Good frend for Iesvs sake forbeare,
• To digg the dvst encloased heare.
• Bleste be ye man yt spares thes
stones,
• And cvrst be he yt moves my bones.»
Автор
idegel.seree
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