Патент USA US2255156код для вставки
Sept. '9, 1941. ' Q Q F|GGE 2,255,156 APPARATUS FOR MAKING FLASHING Filed Feb. 13, 1937 Z ‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 % Carrulba?e'. ' Sept.'9,> 1941. c. c. FIGGE 2,255,156 APPARATUS FOR MAKING FLASHING Filed Feb. 13, 193'?’ ~ 2 Sheets-Sheet ’2 M's/22621; Carma G17" 2,255,156 Patented Sept. 9, 1941 UNITED stares - at." 2,255,156 . APPARATUS’FOR MAKING FLASHING I Carroll C. Figge, Chicago, 111. Application February 13, 1937, Serial No. 125,578 (01. 153-2) 1 Claim. a strip H of roo?ng fabric which may be felt, This invention relates to apparatus for-.m-ak- ' canvas or similar fabric usually having a bitu~ ing aroo?ng strip more particularly described as a ?ashing. _ minous impregnation or coating which renders it waterproof‘an‘d causes. it to adhere to other roo?ng material when a coatingof-tar or other adhesive material is applied thereto. This strip ' An important object of the invention 1s m‘ the provision of a roo?ng piece which maybe used , in various ways as a flashing, as a ?nishing strip, and as a gravel stop. A further object of the invention is in the may also be made of very thin ?exible metal such as copper‘, either alone or in combination with a thin strip of fabric to which it will also provision of‘a roo?ng fabric which maybe ad~ hesively secured in place on a roof and also mechanically attached‘to a roof or to an'adjacent .19 wall by a suitable nailing strip. A still further object of the invention is in and apparatus for producing the material in a continuous manner. ’ ' At one edge ;ofthe strip‘ His secured a metal strip i2 which is .folded over one edge of the strip ‘H and clampingly “gripped in place by small grooves‘ or indentations the provision of a structure of this kind which can-bemade continuously and in the method adhere when moppe'din place with a tar coating. ‘ 1.5. 13 which are formed thereini'in making the vmaterial. The metal strip i2 is folded so that the portion en~ gaging one face :of ‘the fabric ‘ii is longer than thatat the other side .and ‘the longer side is inclined or turned to form, a right angle to the Other objects of the invention will appear hereinafter, the preferredv construction and the method of making it‘ being illustrated'inthe'ae 20 edge "thereof ' and thus‘interlocking the edge of the fabric and the nailing strip so that they are companying drawings in which tightly secured together throughout their length. Fig. 1 is a perspective representing the mate In using this roofing‘ strip the ends of ad rial when placed for use-as a ‘gravel stop. jacent pieces are overlapped as shown more Fig.'2-is a perspective with one~edge in ‘sec 25 clearly in-Figs. 1 and 3. But as'the amount of tion of the material used as a ?nishing edge. overlap ‘may be variedby. different uses and by Fig. 3 is a perspective of'the material used as different persons in applying the material, the a ?ashing nailed in'place. nailing strip i2:and the ‘fabric 'are’made in a Fig. 4 is a sectionalview illustrating a ?ash continuous strip. 'When‘ the roofer wishes to ing with the nailing strip inserted in a brick produce any certain overlap ‘he simply cuts off raggle. the nailing strip at the end to producethe de— Fig. 5 is a side elevation, and sired overlap. ' " Fig. 6 is a top view of the apparatus for mak ' When applied as‘ a :gravel stop "as shown in ing the roof piece continuously and cutting it Fig._l‘the fabric H isr-laid upon the roo?ng off in suitable lengths. so that the nailing strip i2 may be placed up Figs. 7, 8, 9 and 10 are detail sectional views rightly at the edge or at any portion of the illustrating the operation of the apparatus, as roof and while the ordinary adhesive attach taken von the lines 1-—‘!, 8——8, 9-9 and l9—!0, ment of the strip II to a roof will cause the respectively, of Fig. 5. nailing strip 12 to be held in upright position it In laying new roofs and in repairing old ones the edges of the roo?ng surface are the ones re 40 may be additionally secured by fastening nails 14 inserted through it or by a staple [5 applied quiring the most careful attention for water over the top. When used as a ?nishing eave proo?ng. The long continuous strips of roo?ng strip or edging as shown in Fig. 2 the nailing material which are usually adhesively secured to strip i2 may be turned downwardly and se the roof surface and to each other by a bitumi nous coating of tar or similar material are not 45 cured by nails Hi to the edge of a roof ll. In using the material as a ?ashing for the easily applied in the corners and edges of the‘ edge of a roof a portion is applied to the roof roof, and therefore an additional ?ashing or l8 and a portion to the adjacent wall 19, usually edging is provided which adheres to the roof by means of a bituminous adhesive, and the and the strips usually applied but which may also nailing strip 12 is attached directly to the wall be mechanically attached to the roof or an by nails 20 at suitable intervals, the fabrics adjacent wall for providing an additional pro tection and water-proo?ng strip. overlapping and the nailing strips abutting end Referring now more particularly to the draw— ings, Figs. 1 to 4 illustrate a roo?ng piece in to end to present a smooth and neat appearance. In this application the bent edge of the fabric accordance with this invention which comprises 55 i5 straightened 01113 and the bent edge ‘l4 of the 2 _‘ 2,255,156 nailing strip additionally presses the fabric against the wall l9 when the fastening nails 20 gage the opposite sides of the applied metal strip are applied. Thus the ?ashing is ?rmly at tached to the wall and if a bituminous coat ing is applied over the ?ashing which is the in place on the fabric. Either or both of these rollers 34 are mounted on shafts 35, each having a pulley 36 operated by a belt 31 or other suit usual practice, a satisfactory water-proof joint and may further indent or crimp the metal strip _ able driving connection with a motor 38 or other and connection is obtained. source of power. For installations of this ?ashing to a brick At the end of the table 27 is a cut off device Wall 2| as shown in Fig. 4, the nailing strip I2 consisting of a cutter bar 40 of greater length is inserted in an opening 22 provided in the mor 10 than the width of the fabric strip and carried tar joint between adjacent courses of brick, or by arms 4| at the ends which are mounted upon if applied to an old wall the mortar is raked out a rotary shaft 42. The shaft is driven by a pul forming a raggle into which. the metal strip is ley 43 connected by a belt 44 with the motor 38 inserted where it is secured in place by a nail or a similar source of power, andas the attached 23 or other suitable fastening means extending strips are advanced continuously over the end through the nailing strip and into the mortar of the table 21 the cutter bar 40 severs suitable joint between bricks of the same course. lengths 45 of the material for use as desired. Thus this same roo?ng piece may be variously These lengths of ?ashing 45 may be packed or used and applied and the same strip material stacked with the edges at right angles to the may be provided for all different uses. fabric thus occupying but little more space than In making these metal edge roo?ng strips a the ?at material. The ends of the metal edging continuous method of applying the metal edge are the same length as the fabric and for over to a strip of roo?ng material is most advanta lapping the fabric the ends of the metal edging geous and economical. As shown in Figs. 5 to may be cut off by shears, a hatchet or other im 10 this method may be carried out in a continuous plements commonly used by roofers so that each 25 process by a simple mechanism and apparatus roofer may determine the amount to be cut off which feeds or draws continuous strips of mate by the amount of lap desired. With this appara rial together applying one to the edge of the tus it is apparent that the metal edged fabrics other. may be produced rapidly, continuously and in As shown in Figs. 5 and 6, rolls of fabric 25 30 expensively. The material produced is very and metal 26 are mounted at the end of a sup port or table 21 so that the fabric strip is held in upright position by a holder 21 or at right angles to a guide 28 including a roller 29 which bends the edges of the metal strip to embrace the sides of the fabric strip as shown ?rst in Fig. 7 and then the sides are clampingly gripped to gether against the edge of the fabric by rollers 30 having ridges or projections 3| which indent the metal strip and clampingly engage the fabric therebetween. strong and being continuously gripped at the edge it does not tend to loosen or tear out when nailed in place. Furthermore, in compressing the fabric between the metal edging, a ?rm nailing piece is provided which tends to hold nails in place preventing them from loosening when ap plied to hold a flashing in place. When the ?ash ing is applied as shown in Fig. 3 the straighten ing of the edge with respect to the body of the fabric also causes the bent edge M to grip the fabric more ?rmly for holding it in place. One side of the metal strip is made longer I claim: ' than the other as applied to the fabric so that In an apparatus for continuously making roof as the materials are drawn along the longer side ?ashing from a roll of fabric, means for feeding of the metal it is ?rst engaged by an inclined roll a strip of roo?ng fabric at right angles to a strip er 32 as shown in Fig. 9 which correspondingly in 45 of metal, means for bending the metal about the clines the fabric 25 until it reaches the roller 33 edge of the fabric with one side of the metal which produces the right angle bend M in the overlapping the fabric more than the other, ?nished ?ashing and with the body of the fabric means for bending the longer metal edge and the strip .25 at right angles to the attached metal fabric and positioning them permanently at strip 26. 50 right angles to the metal enclosed edge, and a For drawing the materials continuously to cutter for severing the attached strips in suitable gether and crimping the metal edge in place lengths as the fabric is moved continuously. there are opposite toothed rollers 34 which en CARROLL C. FIGGE.