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Патент USA US2255156

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Sept. '9, 1941.
Filed Feb. 13, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept.'9,> 1941.
c. c. FIGGE
Filed Feb. 13, 193'?’
2 Sheets-Sheet ’2
Carma G17"
Patented Sept. 9, 1941
UNITED stares - at."
Carroll C. Figge, Chicago, 111.
Application February 13, 1937, Serial No. 125,578
(01. 153-2)
1 Claim.
a strip H of roo?ng fabric which may be felt,
This invention relates to apparatus for-.m-ak- '
canvas or similar fabric usually having a bitu~
ing aroo?ng strip more particularly described
as a ?ashing.
minous impregnation or coating which renders
it waterproof‘an‘d causes. it to adhere to other
roo?ng material when a coatingof-tar or other
adhesive material is applied thereto. This strip
An important object of the invention 1s m‘ the
provision of a roo?ng piece which maybe used ,
in various ways as a flashing, as a ?nishing
strip, and as a gravel stop.
A further object of the invention is in the
may also be made of very thin ?exible metal
such as copper‘, either alone or in combination
with a thin strip of fabric to which it will also
provision of‘a roo?ng fabric which maybe ad~
hesively secured in place on a roof and also
mechanically attached‘to a roof or to an'adjacent
wall by a suitable nailing strip.
A still further object of the invention is in
and apparatus for producing the material in a
continuous manner.
At one edge ;ofthe strip‘ His secured a metal
strip i2 which is .folded over one edge of the
strip ‘H and clampingly “gripped in place by
small grooves‘ or indentations
the provision of a structure of this kind which
can-bemade continuously and in the method
adhere when moppe'din place with a tar coating. ‘
13 which are
formed thereini'in making the vmaterial. The
metal strip i2 is folded so that the portion en~
gaging one face :of ‘the fabric ‘ii is longer than
thatat the other side .and ‘the longer side is
inclined or turned to form, a right angle to the
Other objects of the invention will appear
hereinafter, the preferredv construction and the
method of making it‘ being illustrated'inthe'ae 20 edge "thereof ' and thus‘interlocking the edge of
the fabric and the nailing strip so that they are
companying drawings in which
tightly secured together throughout their length.
Fig. 1 is a perspective representing the mate
In using this roofing‘ strip the ends of ad
rial when placed for use-as a ‘gravel stop.
jacent pieces are overlapped as shown more
Fig.'2-is a perspective with one~edge in ‘sec
25 clearly in-Figs. 1 and 3. But as'the amount of
tion of the material used as a ?nishing edge.
overlap ‘may be variedby. different uses and by
Fig. 3 is a perspective of'the material used as
different persons in applying the material, the
a ?ashing nailed in'place.
nailing strip i2:and the ‘fabric 'are’made in a
Fig. 4 is a sectionalview illustrating a ?ash
continuous strip. 'When‘ the roofer wishes to
ing with the nailing strip inserted in a brick
produce any certain overlap ‘he simply cuts off
the nailing strip at the end to producethe de—
Fig. 5 is a side elevation, and
sired overlap.
Fig. 6 is a top view of the apparatus for mak
' When applied as‘ a :gravel stop "as shown in
ing the roof piece continuously and cutting it
Fig._l‘the fabric H isr-laid upon the roo?ng
off in suitable lengths.
so that the nailing strip i2 may be placed up
Figs. 7, 8, 9 and 10 are detail sectional views
rightly at the edge or at any portion of the
illustrating the operation of the apparatus, as
roof and while the ordinary adhesive attach
taken von the lines 1-—‘!, 8——8, 9-9 and l9—!0,
ment of the strip II to a roof will cause the
respectively, of Fig. 5.
nailing strip 12 to be held in upright position it
In laying new roofs and in repairing old ones
the edges of the roo?ng surface are the ones re 40 may be additionally secured by fastening nails
14 inserted through it or by a staple [5 applied
quiring the most careful attention for water
over the top. When used as a ?nishing eave
proo?ng. The long continuous strips of roo?ng
strip or edging as shown in Fig. 2 the nailing
material which are usually adhesively secured to
strip i2 may be turned downwardly and se
the roof surface and to each other by a bitumi
nous coating of tar or similar material are not 45 cured by nails Hi to the edge of a roof ll.
In using the material as a ?ashing for the
easily applied in the corners and edges of the‘
edge of a roof a portion is applied to the roof
roof, and therefore an additional ?ashing or
l8 and a portion to the adjacent wall 19, usually
edging is provided which adheres to the roof
by means of a bituminous adhesive, and the
and the strips usually applied but which may also
nailing strip 12 is attached directly to the wall
be mechanically attached to the roof or an
by nails 20 at suitable intervals, the fabrics
adjacent wall for providing an additional pro
tection and water-proo?ng strip.
overlapping and the nailing strips abutting end
Referring now more particularly to the draw—
ings, Figs. 1 to 4 illustrate a roo?ng piece in
to end to present a smooth and neat appearance.
In this application the bent edge of the fabric
accordance with this invention which comprises 55 i5 straightened 01113 and the bent edge ‘l4 of the
2 _‘
nailing strip additionally presses the fabric
against the wall l9 when the fastening nails 20
gage the opposite sides of the applied metal strip
are applied. Thus the ?ashing is ?rmly at
tached to the wall and if a bituminous coat
ing is applied over the ?ashing which is the
in place on the fabric. Either or both of these
rollers 34 are mounted on shafts 35, each having
a pulley 36 operated by a belt 31 or other suit
usual practice, a satisfactory water-proof joint
and may further indent or crimp the metal strip
_ able driving connection with a motor 38 or other
and connection is obtained.
source of power.
For installations of this ?ashing to a brick
At the end of the table 27 is a cut off device
Wall 2| as shown in Fig. 4, the nailing strip I2
consisting of a cutter bar 40 of greater length
is inserted in an opening 22 provided in the mor 10 than the width of the fabric strip and carried
tar joint between adjacent courses of brick, or
by arms 4| at the ends which are mounted upon
if applied to an old wall the mortar is raked out
a rotary shaft 42. The shaft is driven by a pul
forming a raggle into which. the metal strip is
ley 43 connected by a belt 44 with the motor 38
inserted where it is secured in place by a nail
or a similar source of power, andas the attached
23 or other suitable fastening means extending
strips are advanced continuously over the end
through the nailing strip and into the mortar
of the table 21 the cutter bar 40 severs suitable
joint between bricks of the same course.
lengths 45 of the material for use as desired.
Thus this same roo?ng piece may be variously
These lengths of ?ashing 45 may be packed or
used and applied and the same strip material
stacked with the edges at right angles to the
may be provided for all different uses.
fabric thus occupying but little more space than
In making these metal edge roo?ng strips a
the ?at material. The ends of the metal edging
continuous method of applying the metal edge
are the same length as the fabric and for over
to a strip of roo?ng material is most advanta
lapping the fabric the ends of the metal edging
geous and economical. As shown in Figs. 5 to
may be cut off by shears, a hatchet or other im
10 this method may be carried out in a continuous
plements commonly used by roofers so that each
process by a simple mechanism and apparatus
roofer may determine the amount to be cut off
which feeds or draws continuous strips of mate
by the amount of lap desired. With this appara
rial together applying one to the edge of the
tus it is apparent that the metal edged fabrics
may be produced rapidly, continuously and in
As shown in Figs. 5 and 6, rolls of fabric 25
30 expensively. The material produced is very
and metal 26 are mounted at the end of a sup
port or table 21 so that the fabric strip is held
in upright position by a holder 21 or at right
angles to a guide 28 including a roller 29 which
bends the edges of the metal strip to embrace the
sides of the fabric strip as shown ?rst in Fig. 7
and then the sides are clampingly gripped to
gether against the edge of the fabric by rollers
30 having ridges or projections 3| which indent
the metal strip and clampingly engage the fabric
strong and being continuously gripped at the
edge it does not tend to loosen or tear out when
nailed in place. Furthermore, in compressing the
fabric between the metal edging, a ?rm nailing
piece is provided which tends to hold nails in
place preventing them from loosening when ap
plied to hold a flashing in place. When the ?ash
ing is applied as shown in Fig. 3 the straighten
ing of the edge with respect to the body of the
fabric also causes the bent edge M to grip the
fabric more ?rmly for holding it in place.
One side of the metal strip is made longer
I claim:
than the other as applied to the fabric so that
In an apparatus for continuously making roof
as the materials are drawn along the longer side
?ashing from a roll of fabric, means for feeding
of the metal it is ?rst engaged by an inclined roll
a strip of roo?ng fabric at right angles to a strip
er 32 as shown in Fig. 9 which correspondingly in 45 of metal, means for bending the metal about the
clines the fabric 25 until it reaches the roller 33
edge of the fabric with one side of the metal
which produces the right angle bend M in the
overlapping the fabric more than the other,
?nished ?ashing and with the body of the fabric
means for bending the longer metal edge and the
strip .25 at right angles to the attached metal
fabric and positioning them permanently at
strip 26.
50 right angles to the metal enclosed edge, and a
For drawing the materials continuously to
cutter for severing the attached strips in suitable
gether and crimping the metal edge in place
lengths as the fabric is moved continuously.
there are opposite toothed rollers 34 which en
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