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Патент USA US2255713

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Sept» 9, 1941
2,255,713
P. H. RoBBlNs'
GARMENT CLOSURE
Filed June l0, 1940
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Patented Sept. 9, 1941
2,255,713
UNITED STATES PATENT oFrlcE
>
2,255,713
GARMENT CLOSURE -
Philip H. Robbins, New York, N. Y., assigner to
Poirette Corsets, Inc., New York, N. Y.
Application June 10, 1940, Serial No. 339,803
2 Claims. (Cl. 2-38)
This invention relates to a garment closure
designed primarily for use in connection with
the opening in the body of a tight fitting women’s
undergarment, such as corsets, brassieres and
girdles, but it is to be understood that the clos
ure in accordance with this invention is for
employment in any connection for which it may
bodiment of the invention, but it is to be under
stood that changes, variations and modifications
may be resorted to which fall within the scope
be found applicable.
of the invention as claimed.A
The invention aims to provide, in a manner
as hereinafter set forth, a garment closure in
consists of the novel construction, combina
tion and arrangement of parts as will be more
specifically described and illustrated in the ac
companying drawing, wherein is shown an em
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in front eleva
cluding means to greatly facilitate the wearer
tion of a garment showing the adaptation there
of the garment closing the latter.
with of a closure in accordance with this-in
The invention further aims to provide, in a
vention and with the closure partly open,
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment clos
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view in rear eleva
ure including means to relieve the pulling ac 15 tion of the structure shown by Figure 1, and
tion, by the wearer, upon the body of the gar
Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3 Figure l and
ment when closing and opening the latter.
The invention further aims to provide, in a
with the closure in inactive position.
With reference to the drawing, 5 generally
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment clos
indicates the body of a garment, such by Way
ure including an elastic element for facilitating 20 of' example as a corset. The body 5 has a verti
the closing and opening of the garment with
which the closure is correlated.
The invention further aims to provide, in a
cal cutout to form an opening 6 to facilitate
the positioning of the garment on the wearer.
The cutout opens at the top edge of body 5,' is
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment
closed at its lower end and is of a length ma
closure including means to overcome the incon 25 terially less than the height of said body 5.
venience, now present in closures of the class
The side or lengthwise- edges of the opening 6
to which this invention relates on the operation
are indicated at 8, 9. The opening 6 will be of
of the closure to and from closing relation with
the desired width.
respect to the opening in the garment.
The garment closure, in accordance with this
The invention further aims to provide, in a 30 invention, and which will be hereinafter termed
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment
a closure structure includes a primary fastener
closure of a form to eliminate the employment
means generally indicated at Ill and a secondary
therewith of a protecting medium on its inner
combined fastener and closure means generally
side for an inner garment or for the body of the
indicated at II. The means ID is in the form
wearer when the inner garment is not worn.
of a pair of normally spaced oppositely disposed
The invention further aims to provide, in a
sections I2, I3, the section l2 includes a set of
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment clos
spaced hooks M and the section I3 includes a
ure for enabling the wearer of the garment to
set of spaced eyes l5 for correlation with the
quickly connect and disconnect the side- walls
hooks I4 for detachably connecting the sections
of the garment opening without inconvenience. 40 I2, Iii together in overlapping relation. lI'he
Y The invention further aimsl to provide, in a
means II is of the well known slide fastener
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment
closure of a form to materially reduce the force
required of the pull on the garment by the
wearer when opening and closing the garment.
The invention further aims to- provide, in a
manner as hereinafter set forth, a garment
closure which is simple in its construction and
type and includes oppositely disposed bendable
members» I6, I'! of tape-like form,v oppositely
disposed interengageable fastener elements I8,
¿I8 carried by the members It, I‘I respectively
and a slide 20 forl correlation with and common
to the elements I8, I9 for detachably coupling
the members I6, Il to close the opening 6.
arrangement, strong, durable, compact, expedi
The section I2 includes a bendable fabric strip
tiously and conveniently operated, thoroughly " 2! bent upon itself to provide front and rear
eñcient in its use, readily installed with respect
spaced opposed folds 22, 23 respectively. The
to the garment and comparatively inexpensive
fold 22 is of greater cross sectional length than
to manufacture.
the fold 23 and merges into an inwardly directed
Embodying the aims aforesaid and others
fold 24 bearing against the rear face thereof.
which may hereinafter appear, the invention 55 The fold 23 merges into an inwardly directed
2
2,255,713
fold 25`whi’ch opposes in spaced relation the
front face thereof. The fold 24 Vis of greater
cross sectional length than the fold 25 and ex
tends outwardly from the latter.
tween the folds 22, 23 and extending between
the folds 23, 25 is a bendable filler strip 28. EX-.
tending Ybetweenthe folds 24, 25 at spaced in
bend 41. The stitching 48 is arranged in .prox
imity to the bend 41. The bend relative to the.
fold 58 forms the edge 5I of member 58. When
section VI3 of the means I8 is secured to strip 58,
the fold 31 bears against'the frontface 59 of strip
tervals are the shanks 210i the hooks I4.V The`
the folds 31, 51.
58, aligns in spaced relation with the folds 51, 58,
and the fold 4I seats against the front faces of
.
'
'
vThe 'flexible member I6 of the means II is in
' bills 28 of the >hooks I4.extend rearwardly, op-`
pose in spaced relation the „bend 29 between 10 terposed between the body 5 and the sectionY I2 A» of the means I8. The member I5 has a portion
the folds 23,V 25 and overlap in spaced 'relation`
thereof disposed in outwardly directed relation
the fold 25. The bills 28 of the hooks I4 are
spaced inwardly ofthe bend v38 between the ’ Y with respect to the edge or wallY 1 of opening 6.
The member I5 is secured against theI inner face
of body 5, in proximity to the said edge 1, by the
stitching 6I; the latter also secures the member
I5 to the folds 22 and 24 of section I2 of means
I8. The Vstitching 32 secures the projecting por
tion of member I6 to the folds 22, 24. The stitch
folds 23, 24. The folds 23, 25, filler strip 28,
Shanks `21 of the hooks I4 .and folds 22, 24`
are secured together by the stitching 3| disposed
lengthwise of section I2. Thefolds 22, 24 are
secured together, in proximity to bend 38 by'
the stitchingV 32. The Vfolds v22, 23 and filler
stripV are secured together, in proximity to the 20 ings 32 and 34 secure the Vmember I6 to the sec
bend 33 by theostitching 38. VThe filler strip
tion I2 of the means I8. Y The bendable member
28 Vabuts against, the inner -faces of the bends
I1 of the means II is secured against the fold 58
of the strip 58 and to the inner face of the body
28, >33.
’
Y
^
.
5 by the stitching 53, and it is further secured to
the inner face of body 5, in proximity to the edge
or wall 8 ofv opening 6 by the stitching 82. The
Vmember' I1 has a portion disposed in Voutwardly
Ydirected relation with respect to the said edge 8.
The base member 49 above its lower edge is
Thesection I3 includes a bendable strip 35 bent
upon itself to form an’angle-shaped front fold 38
and a fiat rearY fold 31. The fold 36 merges into
an inwardly directedfold V38 arranged against the
Vrear face thereof.
The section I3 also includes
a nexible strip39 foldedupon itselfA to form a ,
secured to the members I5, I1 of the means II
and to the sections I2, I3 vof the means I8 by a
front fold 48 'and a rear fold 4I disposed in op-y
posed relation. 'The folding ofthe strip 39Y is
opposite with respect to the folding ofthe strip
35, Thecross sectionalrlength of the folds 48, 4I
transverserrow‘of Ystitching 63.' The latter is ar- l
ranged at the lower ends of the rows of fastener
is greater .than the cross sectional length of the .
folds 36, 31, 38.` The folds 48, 4I are oppositely '
disposed with respect to the‘folds 36, 31, 38. 'Ar- `
ranged between the folds 48, 4I isa bendable filler
strip 42. The fold 48 bears against the rearface
of and extends outwardly from the fold 38. The
fold 4i bears against the front face of and ex
tends outwardly from the fold 31. *Arranged be- `
elements I8, I9 carried by the members I6, I1.
The material from which the base member 49 is>
formed is such Yas to have avery smooth Ysoft rear
facev which will not be of discomfort to the body
ofthe wearer or injure van inner garment if the
latter is worn, under such conditions eliminating
40 the necessity of using a protecting medium on
tween the folds 38, 48 at spaced intervals'are the
such rear face.
`
The closure structure as described includes Y
These latter project
what may be termed a pair of overlapping flaps
outwardly from the fold 38.` The folds 35, 38,
Shanksk 43 of the eyes I5, ñller strip 42 and folds
48, V¿H are secured together by the stitching 44.
as hooks and eyes for connecting them together.
One ofthe flaps is inelastic and provided by the
shanks 43 of the eyes I5.
The folds 36, 31. are secured together in proximity
to Vthebend 45 by the stitching 46. The folds 48,
having coacting interengageable elements, such
section I2 of the means II.
The other of said
4I are secured together, in proximity to the bend ,
flaps having an elastic portion and such other
flap is provided by the section I3 of the means I I,
41 by the stitching 48.
The elements or parts of the sections I2, I3 of
in connection with the’ base member 49. The
manner of setting up the said pair of iiaps pro
the means I8 are non-elastic.
.
The closure structure includes an oblong base
member 49 in theform of an elastic fabric strip
58 of a widthv and length greater` than the width
` , and length of opening 8.
The strip 58 is secured,
vides whereby the said flaps v canl be initially
readily drawn together against a normal strain
thereupon when the garmentr is worn, for fas
tening the said hooks and eyes.
The closureV '-
structure as described alsoY Yincludes a pair of
overlying iiaps'arranged one Veach, over the said
other aforesaid pair of flaps, said overlying flaps
being provided by themembers I6, I1 each carry
stitching 54. VThe member 49 constitutes a car 60 ing. a complementary portion of a slide type fas
tener andadapted when drawn together in closed
rier for the section I3 of the meansV I8. The sec-`
position, to conceal said first mentioned pair of
tion I3 is arranged against one side of and se
cured to the front face'of strip 58 by the stitch-`
in proximity to its lengthwise edge 5I, to the
body 5 Vby the stitching 52 and in proximity to its
bottomedge 53 it is also secured to body 5 by the
flaps
:ings V46 and 48. The stitchings 48 and 48 cause
.
,
'
'
' What I claim is:
that part of the strip 58, which is arranged be~
y 1. >In a closure structure for an opening in the
tween them to be non-elastic to thereby provide
base member 49'with a non-elastic portion 55
and an elastic portion 55. The latter is arranged
body of a garment, an elongated transversely
elastic strip constituting a base member for ex
tension across and for disposing rearwardly of
the opening inthe garment, a primary fastener
between the stitchings 45 and 52. It is this
elastic portion 55 4of base member 49 which ob 70 means outwardly of saidl member formed of a
front and a rear inelastic section shiftable rela
tains the objects and advantages as aforesaid of
tive to each other adapted to be normally dis-V
the invention. Y Thestrip 58 lengthwise thereof
posed in spaced overlapping relation and includ
is` formed with a pair of oppositely extending
ing correlated elements for detachably fastening
folds'51, 58 which abut the front face 59 thereof.
The bend 58 relative to the fold 51 aligns with the 75 said sections in overlapping abutting relation to
2,255,713
_
3
close said opening when said sections are shifted
relatively to each other, means for securing said
positely extending side folds one disposed against
a part and the other against another part of said
inelastic rear section to a portion of said base
member to form the latter with an inelastic part
and an elastic part, a secondary combined ias
tener and closure means arranged adjacent the
said primary means and including a pair of 0p
iront face, primary fastener means formed of a
pair of non-elastic sections including correlated
fastener elements for connecting said sections to
gether to close said opening, a secondary fastener
means outwardly of said primary means and in
cluding a pair of separate portions having corre
closing the opening in the garment in addition to
lated means for connecting them together to con
and for concealing the said sections in over 10 ceal said primary means, spaced means respec
posed interengageable fastener parts adapted for
lapping abutting relation, means for securing
tively securing one of said sections against still '
one of said parts of said secondary means t0 said
another portion of said front face and against
body adjacent an edge of the opening of the lat
the front face of one side fold to form said mem
ber with an inelastic and an elastic part, means
ter, means for securing said one part to said front
section, means for securing the other of said parts 15 securing the other of said sections to one of said
of said secondary means to said body in proximity
portions, means securing the said one of said
portions at one point thereof to said body in
to another edge of the opening in the body, and
proximity to and in extended relation With re
means for securing the inner side of the said
spect to one edge of said opening, means disposed
other part of the elastic part of said base member
and to said body.
20 in proximity to the other edge of said opening for
securing the other of said portions in extended
2. In a closure structure for an opening in the
body of a garment, an elongated transversely
relation with respect to the said other edge of
elastic strip constituting a base member having a
the opening, and means for securing the inner
side of the said other portion to the garment, to
rear face with respect to the inner side of the
garment and a front face with respect to the
the other fold, to said elastic part and against
the outer face of the said other fold.
outer side of the garment, said member for eX
tension across and for disposing inwardly of such
opening and being provided with a pair of op
PHILIP H. ROBBINS.
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