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Патент USA US2259448

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Oct. 21, 1941.
2,259,448
D.'s. BARRows Erm.'JOURNAL` BOX ASSEMBLY
Filed Aug. 9, 1939
A..
ì-
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
i
Oct. 21, 1941.
D. s. BARRows ET AL
JOURNAL Box> ASSEMBLY
Filed Aug. 9, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Oct. 21, 1941
2,259,448
UNITED STATES PATENT ori-‘ICEA
Donald
S`.
Roches
ter», N. Y., assignors to The Symington-Gould
Corporation,_
Maryland
l ochester, N. VY., a corporation of
.
V
Application August k9, 19379, serial
289,304
v15 claims. (c1. sos-47),
The invention relates to a journal box assembly i E lockedlwith ay journal box and an outer portion
and more particularly to an articulated lid-con
ofthe'latch means extending through an open
struction for closing an access opening in a jour
ing- in the“ actuating arm for engagement by any
suitable means fordisconnecting the latch means
nalbox.4
The invention
,
has for oneY of , itsl' objects
`
an
from` the journal box ‘and facilitating a pivotal
movementof the articulated lid; the latch means
association of elements arranged to maintain‘a
portion thereof in storm-proof engagement" with
a' journal box to prevent the ingress of foreign
substance to within the journal box andfthe
being maintained injournal box engagement by
means -of a resilient element and its rotation in
one direction limited so as to be, at all' times, in
egress of an axle lubricating medium from >the
interior of the box.
im
`
A journalY box engagingposition. '
M
The above vobjects and features, Aas well as
Another object of the invention isY to provide
numerous others, `will become apparent from 'the
a latch means associated with anarticulated `lid
following description'of an'exempliñedforin of
structure Ato increase the -forces acting against
the invention illustrated by various figures in the
thecentral portion of a lid thereof to insùre -a
accompanying drawings wherein:
dust-proof and leak-proof seal under all service
conditions,
v
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‘
'
l
'
" A further object of the Íinventionis` the pro
vision of a latch means movably connected >to an
actuating arm of an articulated licll and, a journal
box to additionally energize a resilient element
of the lid.
,
_
`
"
'
'
Figure 1 shows a front elevational view of a
an.,
f’
journal box and an articulated lid embodying
a form-.of the present invention; portions of the
lid being shown in vertical section to more clear
ly illustrate the relation and association of parts.
Figure 2 shows a vertical cross sectional view
ofthe journal box and lid'taken along the lines
2_2V of Figure 1,'looking in the direction of the
VAlfeature of the invention'- is the provision, in
an articulated lid,l ofy a freely movable cover
arrows.
adapted to close an access opening inuand bear`
against a journal box, the cover having a `central
,
,
`
,
Figure3 shows, a vertical cross sectional view
corresponding somewhat to the illustration
spherically formed socket, a leverfhaving- one ì
end thereof reacting against a hinginglug on the
shown in Figure 2 'with the `exception that the
latch means is not interlocked with the journal
journal box and another end ball-shaped and
positioned in the socket to enable the covernfto
move universally, a resilient elementlac'tin'g be
tween the actuating arm and lever` for urging’the‘
latter> toward the journal box, a 'centrallydis
posed post outstanding from_ the cover >socket
and extending through an openingin the ball
shaped end, an elongated aperturein thev cover
box.-v
,
,'
,`
.,
¿Figure 4 shows a `horizontal cross sectional
view taken along the lines 4_4 of vFigure 1,' look
ing .in the direction ofîthe arrows.
_
_ «
'Figurer 5 shows a horizontal crosssectional
view -takenalong the lines 5_5 of Figure 2, look
, ing- inthe direction yof the arrows. >
post aligned with U-shaped apertureslin> the
1 Figure-6 is a substantially horizontal cross sec
lever, and a ‘pin carried bythe actuating arm
extending through the postV and lever apertures;
theactuating arm beingV adapted to move about
lthe hinging lug inwardly and outwardly ofthe
cover after the latter has initially' contacted
tional Vview taken along‘the'lines 6_6 of Figure
the journal box.
,
_~
'
~
2, looking >in the direction- of the arrows.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, where
in‘like reference characters >designate like parts,
the numeral l‘indicates generally a joLu‘nal box
assembly comprising a journal box 2, only a for
‘
ward extremity thereof being illustrated, this
A further feature of the invention is toprovide
a shoulder on an actuating arm of an articulated 45 being deemed suiîicient to clearly and adequately
, illustrate the present invention.
lidA to underlie a portion `of ajrc'ov'er tn_arrest a
downward movement of thecover with lrespect
The journal
box lis‘formed by a roof or top wall 3 and a lowei`
to the actuating arm _after a predetermined
or'bot‘tom wall 4 joined by transversely spaced
travel
vertically directed side Walls 5 to define an access
thereof.
_
o
.
n
ì
opening G therebetween.
Another featureof the invention is to.. provide
Positioned adjacent
a rotatable latch means interlocked with a jour- < ~- the'forward extremity of the journal box and
intermediate the vertical planes ofthe side walls
nal box ,to maintain an extremity of an actu
ating `arm in a predetermined position for addi
tionally energizing a pre-compressed spring
which forces a freely movable cover against a
journal box.
n
_
.
is a conventional apertured hinging lug 1 up
standing from the top wall.
movement relatively to the journal box` and
' Anadded feature of the invention is to provide
a bell crank shaped latch means pivotallyl con
nected to an articulated lid actuating'~arm, an
inner portion of the latch .means being .inter
`
A' lid structure 8 of the articulated type and of
` simple, ¿compact form~ is arranged for pivotal
60
adapted to forman effective seal at the access
opening extremity of _the _journalvbox to arrest
the `entrance of foreign> substance tothe interior
2,259,448
2
Since a headless bolt is employed to form the
pivotal connection, additional means must be
of the boxy and the escape of journal lubricant
from the box.
.
Forming a part of the lid structure is a plate
member or cover 9 which is adapted to bear,
against surfaces of the journal box walls definingv
provided to prevent an accidental or unwar
ranted displacement of the pin, and to accom
» -plish this result the cover is provided With up
standing, inwardly opening or facing cup-shaped
members 25 which are spaced from and partially
encase the hinging hubs to arrest a longitudinal
’
v'movement of the pin and also permit an articu
10` lated movement of the cover with respect to the
associated structure. Suitable gussets 23 are
associated with the cup-shaped members to rein
force them against any forces to which they may
be subjected in service.
`
15 @In order to force the cover against the journal
or extending around the access openingto com~- -
pletely close the entrance of the journal box.
The cover, intermediate the planes of the boxY
walls, is desirably bulged outwardly of the jour-l
nal box, as at I0, which permits the use of’a
lighter thickness of metal as opposed to a plate
extending throughout its entire extent ‘ in aVv
single plane. The cover is convolutedadjacent
its central portion to present an outwardlyY fac'-
ing spherically formed cup-shaped socket or re
lief II through which forces are applied to urge
the cover inwardly against the journal box walls.
box aswell as retain the lid in open position, a
resilient meansv of any character is arranged to
react against the hood or actuating arm and
Movably associated with the cover is a spring ,
lever. As illustrative of this construction, there
leverV I 2 acting asa mediumthrough which forces
are transmitted to the hinging lug and coverto 20 is provided a coil or helical spring 21 the outer
end of which bears against a hood spring seat
maintain the cover either in open or closed posi
formed by an arcuate or convex cylindrical sur
tion. The lever, preferably of skeletonized cast
form to reduce the weight thereof, is made up
of transversely spaced sider flanges I3. The up
per extremities of the side flanges are joined in
face 28 on the hood web IS. An annular flange
or ring 29 is formed integrally with the hood and
extends around the adjacent end of the spring
tegrally by a-.plate I4 bearing, when in service,
against the hinging lug adjacent the juncture of
angularly disposed forwardly and upwardly fac
ing plane surfaces I5 andY I6, respectively. When ¿~
the lid is pivoted toA open position (not shown)
the plate I4- engages the surface I6 throughout
member 3()Y extending between and formed inte
grally Vwith the lever sideflanges I3 to present
an arcuate convex cylindrical surface 3l engaged
by the inner end of the spring 21. The purpose
to retain it in operable position. A spring seat is
also formed on the lever by means of a U-shaped
an appreciable extent to retain the lid inY open
position for any purpose desired.
The other or
lower extremity ofthe side flanges merges into
a spherically formed, ball-shaped protuberance
35
or extension I1 which nests in and is in surface
of the arcuate surfaces 28 and 3I is to allow the
spring to adjust itself during an opening or clos
ing movement of the lidy as it will be noted, by
a comparison of Figures 2 and 3, that since the
relationship between the hood I9 and the lever
changes angularly in the two illustrated positions
bearing relation with the cover socket to- enable
of the hood, the disposition of the axis of the
spring also changes relatively to the hood and
lever, and hence by arranging the spring to bear
upon the cylindrical surfaces, a truer action of
the cover to move in a universal or articulate
manner relative to the lever and associated struc
ture.v By reason of thisv arrangement, therefore,
the cover isv free to fully adjust and seat; itself
on the journal box Y_and effect a positive seal at
the access opening extremity of the journal box.
the spring will be, at all- times, effected through
outthe entire range of opening and closing move
ment of the lid.
In the instant structure, which is compact in
naturev and light in weight,»the hood or actuating
Forming a part of the articulated lid is a hood,
actuating member or closure arm> I8, generally
of channel shape in horizontal cross section,
arm isconnected tothe cover in order to retain
opening inwardly toward the cover for the pur
>the lid inV assembled relation, and this construc
pose to be hereinafter explained. The hood is
made up of a web I9 spaced adesired distance 50Í tion is exemplified by a single standard or post
32 outstanding from the cover socket or relief
away from the cover and extending vertically a
and projecting through a suitably formed open
desiredV distance above and below the cover. The
ing 33 in the lever ball end; sufficient clearance
upper extremity of the web I9 terminates in an
inwardly directed ñange 2E! to overlie the hinging
lug in spaced relation thereto and form a protec
tive ledge to guard the interior of the lidagainst
is provided about the standard to insure an un
ne
the entrance of water, dust particles or any such
substance which might tend to impair the oper
ability of the lid. The Vside ñanges of the web,
which taper toward each other as the lower ex- .
tremity of the web is approached so as to de-Y
crease the weight of the hood or actuating arm,
sò
have extending therefrom inwar ly projecting
side flanges 2| terminating in advance of the
cover and reinforced adjacent their free or cover 5
adjacent extremity in gussets or ribs 22. The
upper ends of the side flanges are spaced apart
a distance sufficient to overlie and be positioned
_restricted universal movement of the cover with
respect to the associated structure within certain
predetermined limits. The post has an elongated
transversely directed (when Viewing Figures 2
and 3) aperture 34 extending therethrough. The
center line of the aperture _34, indicated by the
references A--,A, is arcuate and is preferably
described about the pin 24` as a center for the
purpose to’be hereinafter. set forth.
The portions of the lever side flanges which
merge into the ball-shaped end are formed as
spaced hooksl '35 presenting U-shaped apertures
adjacent the hinging. lug. `'Extending outwardly
36 opening outwardly toward the hood and hav
ing center lines substantially coaxial with the
post aperture 34. Carried by the hood side
tured in alignment with the aperture of the hing
ing lug and through which extends a-headless
bolt, pin or bar 24 forming a pivotal connection
between the articulated lid and journal box and
about which the lid is adapted to be moved to
uncover the access opening of the journal box.
tubular pintle or shaft 31 which extends through
the lever and cover post apertures with sufficient
clearance being provided thereabout to allow a
rotative movement of the cover with respect to
the associated structure. So as to dispense with
cotters, nuts or any other type of securing means
from the side ña‘nges are hinging hubs 23 aper- f . flanges is a connecting means represented by a
2,259,448
the pintle accommodating openings» _in the hood
side ñanges are flared outwardly,ï as at 3_8, and
the pintle, being tu»bular,¿ is easily and corre
spondingly flared, as -at_39, therebyfenla'rging
the end portions thereof to lock the'pintle `against
an unwarranted displacement or longitudinal
movement. A centrally disposed inwardly pro
jecting shoulder 4U is formed on‘ the hood web
to underlie the cover'post and is provided with
an upwardly facing arcuate surface 4I~substantially coaxial with the pin 24 `and spaced- from
3
journal box.A The connecting rib is provided with
`'an-’inclined surface 50 which, as indicated in
Figure 3 of the drawings, is adapted to engage a
correspondingly inclined surface 5| on the lock
ing vlug so as to-enable the stirrup to override
'and interlock with the detent, as shown in Fig
ure 2 of the drawings. The latch side arms are
provided, adjacent their extremities removed
from the connecting rib, with oppositely directed
‘tubular means or ferrules 52 which are in align
ment with apertures 53 formed in the actuating
arm side iianges. A tubular pintle 54, which may
be a section of commercial tubing, extends
through the latch ferrules and apertures 53 to
unrestricted movement of-the hood or actuating ‘ pivotally connect the latch to the lower extremity
arm about the pin 24 relative to the-cover and
of the actuating arm, enabling the toggle to pivot
form a means whereby the vertical downward
during the'latching and unlatching movement
movement of the cover is arrested after> a limited
thereof. The outer portions of the apertures 53
predetermined> movement thereof. It’ will- be
'are-ñared outwardly'of the actuating arm, as at
noted that in order to provide a compact arrange 20 55, and the pintle 54 has the ends 56 thereof
ment of elements the pintle 31 'is arranged in
correspondingly. flared to thereby lock the pintle
close'proxi'mity to the rib adjacentÍ edge of the
in positionand prevent its accidental displace
hood side flanges, and accordingly the hood is
ment. The actuating arm side flanges are joined
a correspondingly formed surface 42_ on the
underside of the cover post. >The disposition and
relation of the surfaces ‘4I and 412 permit a free
strengthened in the area about the pintle by the
adjacent their lower extremities by an integrally
formation of convolutions ‘43 and the cover is 25 formed bridge or connecting flange 51 forming an
correspondingly dished or recessed, as'at 44, to
abutment against which the latch side arms are
accommodate the convolutions.
'
adapted to'bear so as to arrest or limit a rota
As previously indicated, the ’spring`2l is of
tive movement of the toggle in a counter-clock
relatively light construction ,when compared with
wise direction. By reason of this arrangement,
the usual typeY of spring means employed in jour 30 therefore, Íthe latch connecting rib 48 is main
nal box lids currently in use. It will be noted
tained in a predetermined `or lug engaging po
that if the journal box comprises an arrange
ment of elements so the forces are applied only
Forming ‘a means whereby the'latch is“ urged
to the hinging lug mounted upon the roof of the
in a4 counter-clockwise ‘direction to retain the
sition.
journal box, the pressure at this position must
'
.
stirrup thereof against the actuating arm bridge
be suñîcient to provide an adequate pressure at
a position where the lower extremity of the lid
engages the lower wall of the journal‘box. rIfhis
is an energized torsion spring 58 having coils or
convolutions circumambient and lretained in po
sition by the pintle 54 between the latch side
arrangement has its disadvantages since the lid
is pivoted about the hingin'g lug andthe latter,
by reason of the engagingporticn ofthe lid slid
arms.
The torsion spring has aipair of spaced
oppositely'acting, upwardly'exte'nding legs 59 one
of which bears againstV the actuatingarm bridge
ing thereover, has the engaged» surfaces thereof
progressively and rapidly worn. After‘the struc
5”!_and the other of which is in intimate contact
Withl a plate 6D which joins the‘outer extremi
ties o'f Í'the latch side 'arms outwardly of the'fer
ture,` including the journal box and'lid therefor,
has' been in service for an appreciable length of T?. rules`52.
Í‘
"'
time the hinging lug surfaces'lwill be‘ worn to
So asto’f accommodate the‘latch and its asso
such a degree that the pressure of the lid against
ciated elements "the‘ actuating arm web I9 has
the journal box, particularly in the area adjacent
the lower extremity thereof removedvt‘o present
the lower extremity thereof, will be materially
decreased to thereby render the entire structure
an opening 6l which is occupied by a portion of
thel latch _so as to arrangen the operating part of
as a leak-proof and dust-proof seal very much less
the "toggle in'aforward position -to be 'actuated
effective and incapable of adequately performing
the function for which itrwas` designed and in
by an operator facing the'journ'al box as well as
form" a compact and simplified structure. The
tended.
_ _To eliminate this above referred to excessive f "
pressure against the journal box hinging lug and
possible'rapid wear thereof the spring 21 isof
relatively light construction for a device-"oi the
present type which materially reduces _the pres
sure of the lever plate I4 against the'lhinging
>lug '1. In order to obtain an adequate lid pres
sure, additional lmeans is preferably associated
with the actuating arm and the Vjournal box__ to
additionally energize thefspring 2l. As' anex
empliñcation o_f a .desired arrangement rand con
struction there is ‘disclosed a toggle orülatch
means, designated generally _by the » reference
character 45, comprising` a‘U-shapedmember or
stirrup 46 extending toward the bottom wall of
the journal box. The stirrup, formed by spaced
side Iarms 41 joined adjacent an inner extremity
thereof by a connecting rib 48, is adapted to en
gage and interlock with a detent or locking lug
49'depending from the journal-boxlowerwall
adjacent the access opening extremity ‘of-the
toggle is` provided with ai forwardly extending
protuberance‘ or abutment $24 projecting outward
ly away from the actuating arm' web and spaced
above the pintle 54 to form a means‘to which
forces may be applied to disconnect the vtoggle
stirrup from the journal box detent. Any type
60 of instrument, such as a journal box packing
iron, may be used to force the abutment 62 in
wardly of the'journal box lid ’and thereby rotate
the latch 'ina clockwise direction toxdisconn'ect
it 'from' the locking- lug. ' The latch" side arms are
extended upwardly, as at 63, tomerge with the
plate E0 and Yabutment'and forma means which
is adapted t'o engage .the bridge 5'! to limit the
rotative movement of thè latch in one or a clock
wise direction.- The actuating'. arm side flanges
are joined at their lowermo'st extremities'by a
bar` 54, formed integrallyïtherewith, which may
be engaged by the.abo'i’fe-r'ecited` journalv box
packing iron to either ‘cl'ose'theflid‘or rotate it
to open‘position after the latch has been dis
connected.
Í
2,259,448
4
2. In-a journal box assembly, in combination,
a journal box having oppositely directed lugs
From the> immediately preceding description it
will be noted that after the lid has been rotated
about the pin 24V to a closed position, as most
extending therefrom, a cover bearing against
said journal box adapted vto close an access open
ing therein, an actuating arm positioned out
clearly illustrated by Figure 3 of the drawings,
vthe bar~ 64 may be engaged to further rotate the
lower extremity of the actuating arm toward the
journal box, thereby effecting anV interlock be
wardly of said coverl and extending vertically
across said cover, said actuating> arm being piv
otally connected to one of said lugs, a lever bear
tween the latch and detent to additionally ener
gize the spring 21 and insure a dust-proof and
ing against said arm connected lug and a cen
tral portion of said cover, an initially energized
leak-proof seal at the forward extremity of the
spring interposed between said lever and actuat
journal box.
ing arm, an opening in said actuating arm, latch
means pivotally connected to said actuating arm
adjacent said opening and arranged to engage
the other of said lugs for additionally energizing
Considering a closed lid, as illustrated in Fig
ure 2, it will be observed that when the latch is
disconnected from the journal' box the hood or
actuating arm of the lid will pivot about the pin
24 until the shaft 31 reaches the outer limit of
said spring, and means formed on said latch
extending through said opening for engagement
the aperture 34 where its continued movement
to disconnect said latch from said lug.
will be arrested by the cover post 32. VDuring
3. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
this movement the relationship between the cover
and lever'remains constant, and since the lever 20 a journal box having a hinging lug, an articu
lated lid comprising a cover provided with a cen
is provided with U-shaped apertures 36, a con
trally disposed socket, Va lever having one end
tinued opening movement of the lid will result
bearing against the hinging lug and the other
inthe cover being carried away from the access
formed spherically and positioned within said
opening of the journal box through the shaft 31
socket, a post outstanding from said socket and
and cover post. During the opening movement
extending through an aperture in said spherically
of the lid, the cover and lever still maintain a
formed lever end, an -elongated aperture in said
substantially constant relation by reason of the
post', U-shaped apertures in said lever spaced on
frictional forces acting on the engaging surfaces
either side of said post and in alignment with
of the lever ball and cover socket, and thus the
said Yelongated aperture, a hood pivotally con
displaced cover will be returned to its original .
nected to said lug, a spring acting between said
seat on the journal'box. This latter function is
hood and lever, and a pin carried by saidl hood
desired because of the fact that a lid, when origi
and extending through said post and lever aper
nally placed in service, will rhave the cover por
tures, said pin, during an opening movement
tion thereof seat itself on the journal box to ef
of said lid, being adapted> to engage said post and
fect a seal at the lid-box juncture so that by .
carry said cover away from the access opening
the present arrangement a removed cover will
of said journal box.
be returned to its pre-formed Seaton the journal
4. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
box without the intervention` of any adjustment
by arr operator. ~
'
'
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Y By disconnecting the latch from the journal
boxV detent, the forces exerted by the spring 21
willV be diminished since the hood moves awai7
from the lever I2 upon a disconnection of the
latch from the locking lug, and this will result
in less pressure being transmitted to the hinging
lug through the lever plate I4 to materially de
crease the wear of the hinging lug surfaces dur
ing service or after a continued opening and
closing movement 'of the lid.`
f The accompanying drawings and preceding de
a journal box having a hinging lug, an articu
lated lid comprising -a cover’ provided with a
centrally disposed socket,- a post outstanding from
said socket and having an elongated opening, a
leverV having an upper extremity bearing against
said hinging lug and a lower extremity corre»
spondingly formed and positioned within said
socket, said lower extremity being apertured to
accommodate said post, U-shaped apertures in
said lever spaced on either side of and in align
ment with said post opening, Van actuating arm
50 pivotally connected to said hinging lug, a coil
spring bearing against said actuating arm and
lever for urging the latter inwardly of said jour
nal box, a pin carried by said> actuating arm and
extending through said post opening and lever
alterationsV may be made therein without‘depart- '
apertures, and latch means pivotally connected
55
ing from> within the spirit and scope of the
to said actuating arm and interlocked with said
appended claims.
'
~
journal box for additionally energizing said coil
scription are intendedY to be merelyr illustrative
`of the present invention and not a' limitation
thereof, and for this' reason various changes and
We claim:
1. A journal box assembly, in combination, a
spring.
5. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
cover bearing against said journal box adapted 60 a journal box having a hinging lug, an articu
' journal box having a lug extending therefrom, a
to close an access opening therein, a pivotally
mounted actuating arm positioned outwardly of
said cover, means reacting against the central
portion of said cover, an initially'energized spring
interposed between said actuating arm and
means, a latch pivotally connected to an ex
tremity of said actuating arm and adapted to
engage said lug for additionally energizing said
spring, and a torsion spring reacting against said
yactuating’ arm and latch for retaining the latter
Y in lug engaging position, said latch having a
portion thereof extending outwardly away from
said cover and beyond said actuating arm for
engagement to disconnect said latch from said
lug.
'
lated lid comprising aI cover provided with a
centrally disposed socket, a lever having an upper
extremity bearing against said hinging lug and
a lower extremity correspondingly formed and
positioned within said socket, said `lower ex
tremity having an opening therein, a post out
standing from said cover» and extending through
said lower extremity opening, an elongated aper
ture in said post, U-shaped- apertures in said
lever spaced on either side of and in alignment
with said post aperture, an actuating arm piv
otally connected- to said hinging lug, confront
ing arcuate surfaces on said lever and actuating
arm, an energized coil springl bearing against
75 said arcuate surfaces for urging said lever in
2,259,448
wardly of said journal box, a pin carried by said
actuating arm and extending through said„post
and lever apertures, latch means pivotally con
nected to said actuating arm and interlocked
with said journal box for additionally energizing
said coil spring, and means on said actuating
arm limiting movement of said latch in one
direction.
6. As an article of manufacture, a lid adapted
to close an access opening in a journal box and
comprising a plate having a central portion
thereof convoluted to form an outwardly facing
spherical pocket and a post outstanding from
said pocket having an elongated aperture there
in; the center line of said aperture being sub
stantially coaxial with a hinging lug aperture of
said box.
7, As an article of manufacture, a lid adapted
to close an access opening in a journali box and
comprising a plate having a central portion
thereof convoluted to form an outwardly facing
spherical pocket and a post outstanding from
said pocket having an elongated aperture there
in;. the center line of said aperture being sub
stantially coaxial with a hinging lug aperture of ~„
said box; said post having a downwardly facing
cylindrical surface substantially coaxial with
said hinging lug aperture.
8. As an article of manufacture, an actuating
arm comprising a web, spaced side flanges ex
tending from said web, apertured hinging hubs
formed on said flanges adjacent an extremity
thereof, a shoulder on said web intermediate the
ends thereof, a concave surface on said shoulder
substantially coaxial with respect to the aper- :
tures of said hinging hubs, and a flange spaced
from said web connecting said side flanges ad
jacent their extremities removed from said hing
ing hubs.
,
9. As an article of manufacture, a journal box
lid lever comprising spaced side flanges joined
adjacent an extremity by a plate, the other ex
tremity of said flanges merging with a spherically
formed protuberance, and an aperture in said
protuberance for the accommodation of means
formed on an associated cover, said protuberance
adjacent extremities of said side flanges having
U-shaped apertures the center lines of which are
substantially arcuate.
10. As an article of manufacture, a skeleton
ized lever for use with a journal box lid compris- ’
ing spaced side flanges, a plate extending be
tween and joining said side flanges adjacent an
end thereof, a spring seat integrally formed with
5
said lid, being adapted to engage said means and
carry said cover away from an access opening of
said journal box.
12. In a journal box assembly, in combination.
a journal box having a hinging lug, an articulated
' lid comprising a cover provided with a centrally
disposed outwardly facing socket, a lever having
one end thereof bearing against the hinging lug
and the other end formed spherically and posi
tioned within said socket, means outstanding
from said socket and extending through an aper
ture in said spherically formed lever end, an
elongated aperture in said means, a U-shaped
aperture in said lever in alignment with said
elongated aperture, a hood pivotally connected to
said lug, a spring acting between said hood and
lever, a pin carried by said hood and extending
through said means and lever apertures, said pin,
during an opening movement of said lid, being
adapted to engage said means and carry said
cover away from an access opening of said
journal box, and latch means connected to said
hood and interlocked with said journal box for
additionally energizing said spring.
13. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
a journal box having a hinging lug, an articulated
lid comprising a cover provided with a centrally
disposed socket, a lever having one end bearing
against the hinging lug and the other end formed
spherically and positioned within said socket, a
post outstanding from said socket and extending
through an aperture in said spherically formed
lever end, an elongated aperture in said post, a
hood pivotally connected to said lug, a spring
acting between said hood and lever, and a pin
carried by said hood and extending through said
post aperture; said pin, during an opening move
ment of said lid, being adapted to engage said
post and carry said cover away from an access
opening of said journal box.
14. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
a journal box having a hinging lug, an articulated
lever comprising a cover provided with a cen
trally disposed socket, a lever having one end
bearing against the hinging lug and another end
formed spherically and positioned within said
socket, means outstanding from said socket and
extending through an aperture in said spherically
formed lever end, an elongated aperture in said
means, a hood pivotally connected to said lug, a
spring acting between said hood and lever, a pin
carried by said hood and extending through said
elongated aperture, and means on said hood un
derlying said first-named means to maintain said
said flanges intermediate their ends, and a 55 cover in a predetermined position.
spherically formed protuberance merging with
15. In a journal box assembly, in combination,
said flanges adjacent an extremity removed from
a journal box member having a hinging lug, an
said plate; said protuberance having an aperture
articulated lid comprising a cover provided with
for the accommodation of an associated means`
a centrally disposed outwardly facing socket, a
11. In a journal box assembly, in combination, 60 lever having one end bearing against the hinging
a journal box having a hinging lug, an articulated
lug and the other end formed arcuately and po
lid comprising a cover provided with a centrally
sitioned within said socket, means outstanding
disposed outwardly facing socket, a lever having
from said socket and extending through an aper
one end thereof bearing against the hinging lug ' ture in said arcuately formed lever end, an elon
and the other end formed spherically and posi 65 gated aperture in said means, a hood member
tioned within said socket, means outstanding
pivotally connected to said lug, a spring acting
from said socket and extending through an aper
between said hood and lever, means carried by
ture in said spherically formed lever end, an
said hood and extending through said elongated
elongated aperture in said means, a U-shaped
aperture, and resiliently actuated latch means
aperture in said lever in alignment with said 70 connected to one of said members and adapted to
elongated aperture, a hood pivotally connected to
engage the other of said members for additionally
said lug, a spring acting between said hood and
energizing said spring.
lever, and a pin carried by said hood and ex
tending through said means and lever aper
DONALD S. BARROWS.
tures; said pin, during an opening movement of 75
GLENN F. COUCH,
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