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Патент USA US2260119

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Oct. 21, 1941.
2,260,119
w. MARSHALL
CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
Filed June 28, 1940
2 Sheets-Sheet l
_
INVENTOR
n/zgllam Mézwidll
1
Cab“ 9'.
ATTORNEYS‘,
och-21,1941.
'
'
WMAQSHALL‘
‘
2,260,119‘
CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
Filed June 28, ‘1940
.2 Sheéts-Sheet 2
I
71
INVENTOR
1445x120” nzdrjkzz.
M @1200; “r
’
ATTORNEY5-
‘
2,260,119
Patented Oct. 21, 1941
UNITED STATES,” PATENT. OFFICE,‘ .'
CLUTCH ASSEIWBLY ’
William Marshall, Detroit, -Mich-., assignor to .
Briggs Manufacturing] Company, Detroit, Mich,
a corporation of Michigan
> '
Application June 28, 19510, Serial No. 342,865
17 Claims. v(o1. 192--s)
' stantially along the line 2-—2 of‘Fig. _1, looking
This invention relates to clutch assemblies
adapted for use in connection with window regu
lators or control mechanism for operating vehicle
windows, doors or the like. While the invention
in the direction of the arrows.
‘
.
Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken substantially
along the line 3-—_3 of Fig. 2, looking'in the direc
is particularly well adapted for this use, it is >
capable of various other uses especially in con
tion of’ the arrows.
' '
~
‘
Fig. '4: is a section taken along the line 4--4 ‘of
i Fig. 2'in the direction of the arrows. '
nection with mechanism for operating and con
' Fig. 5 is a section taken along the line 5—5 of
trolling closures for openings of various kinds.
Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.
'
One of the objects of the invention is to pro
Fig. 6‘ is a vertical section taken along the line
vide an improved assembly of the foregoing char .10.
6-46 of Fig. 2 looking in the direction of the ar
acter which includes an operating handle capable
of assuming an operating position relatively close
Fig. 7 is a sectional view, partly in elevation,
to or approximately flush or contiguous with the
taken substantially along the line 7-7 of Fig. 3,
trim or adjacent surface of the vehicle body.
rows.
Another object of the invention is to provide an . -
improved clutch assembly capable of being manu
factured at relatively low cost and one which is
capable of quick and easy assembly and applica
tion to a body.
'
‘
'
looking in the direction 'of the arrows.
‘
'
‘
I
- ‘
Fig. 8 is a section‘similar to Fig. 7 but taken
substantially'along the line 8—-8 of Fig. 3, looking
in the ‘direction of the ‘arrows.
'
'
' ' '
‘ Fig. 9 is a sectional view through the clutch
'
A further object of the prevent invention is to 20 assemblyrillustrating theposition of the‘ parts in
released condition; and
‘
' '
'
‘
provide a novel clutch assembly which includes
. Fig. 10 is an exploded view in ‘perspective show?
improved means to prevent the opening'or any
ing the parts constituting the clutch assembly
substantial movement of the vehicle window
of the present invention.
' _
'
glass‘, door glass or panel, in any manner other
than by the authorized use of the operating han 2,5 f Before explaining in detail the'present inven
tion it is to be understood that the invention is
dle provided for such purpose.
'
not limited in its‘ application to the details of
Another object of the. invention is to provide
construction and arrangement of parts illus
an improved clutch device of compact structure
trated in the-accompanying drawings, since the
useful in conjunction with a handle assembly of
invention‘ is capable of other embodiments and
the type which is nearly or approximately ‘flush
' of being practiced Orcarried out in various ways.
with the trim of the body and in which the oper
Also it is to be understood that the phraseology
ating handle telescopes into the clutch‘ device and
or terminology employed herein is for the pur
maybe ‘quickly removed or assembled therewith.
pose ‘of description and not of limitation, and it
‘ Still a further object of the invention is to pro
is‘not intended to limit‘ the invention claimed
vide a clutch and handle assembly for a vehicle ‘
or automobile window regulator, which assembly
is so simpli?ed and compact as to occupy a mini-~
mum of space not only at the inner side of the
vehicle body interior trim but also in the space
between the‘ trim and the outer body [or door '
panel.
.
. The above and other objects of the invention
willvappear from the following description and
appended claims when considered in ‘connection
herein beyond the requirements of the prior art.
' Referring now particularlylto the drawings;
there is shown therein; one form of improved.
clutch assembly and operating handle embodying
the present invention which,‘ merely by way of
illustration, is applied to a window regulator in
stalled in a vehicle body for the purpose of op
erating one of the windows thereof. In Figs. 1
and 2, ll designates 'a' conventional type of em
bossed‘mounting plate vfor the window regulator
with the accompanying drawings forming a part
of this speci?cation wherein like reference ‘char?
mechanism ‘which is secured in any suitable man- 7
acters designate corresponding parts‘in the sev- I
regulator arm I2 is pivotally mounted at [3 to
the inner ‘face of the plate and is secured at its .
inner end as by means of a rivet M, to a toothed
segment or sector I5. The driven member of
the clutch mechanism about to be described in
eral views.
In the drawings:
-
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view, with parts
broken away, showing one ‘ application of ‘ the
her to the inner door or other body panel.
A
clutch assembly embodying'the present invention
_ cludes a gear or pinion ‘which, when the assembly
in connection with a window regulator.
‘is installed, meshes with the teeth of the sector
'
'
i Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical section taken s'ub-‘v
I5 to drive the same and its ?xed regulator arm
2
2,260,119
I2 to raise and/or lower the window panel (not
It will be understood that the parts 24, 29 and
shown) to which the outer end of the arm I2 is
32, when assembled, are adapted to be rotated as
connected as is well known. Thus far, the parts
a unit by the handle 29, and provide the driving
described are generally of conventional nature.
unit or portion of the clutch mechanism.
The interior trim or panel is shown at I6 and,
slots 39 on the inner face of the block member 35
as seen in Fig. 2, is interposed between the clutch
are of greater width than the width of the lugs
or tongues 35 of the cage member so that when
the block is slipped over the boss 24 with the slots
mechanism proper and the driving or operating
handle for the clutch mechanism to thus conceal
The
from view said clutch mechanism as well as the
39 receiving the lugs or tongues 35, there is sul?
regulator mechanism to which it is connected. 10 cient clearance to allow for some relative play,
The clutch operating‘ handle, shown as a
or rotative movement of the block with respect
whole at 29, comprises at its outer end a rotatable
to the boss 24. The slots 38, on the other hand,
knob or grip 2|. At its inner end the handle is
are of such a width as to receive the projections
enlarged and is in the form of a relatively thin
or lugs 49 of the gear member with a relatively
disk-like member 22 which is provided with a 15 snug ?t so as to prevent any material or appreci
flat surface 23 on its outer face which is adapted
able relative rotative or oscillatable movement
to lie substantially ?ush with the inner or adja
between the block and the gear.
cent face of the trim material I6. As best seen
The block 36 is provided with ?at right angu
in Fig. 10, the enlarged portion of the operating
larly disposed outer surfaces 39a. When the
handle is provided with a centrally disposed in
parts are assembled, rollers or the like 44 are
tegral boss 24 having external shallow splines or
placed in the spaces between the ?at outer sides
?utings and intervening grooves shown at 25.
or walls 39a of the block member and the wall
The ?at surface or face 23 is also provided with
210 of the housing and are free to rotate in the
a radially extending slot or keyway 23 for a pur
notches or spaces 33a between the spaced ?ange
pose to be hereinafter described. The boss is 25 members 33. With the parts assembled as de
adapted to be passed through an opening 28
scribed it will be noted that the inner annular
formed in a clutch housing or casing member 21
wall 210 of the housing 2'! and the ?at faces or
and receives therein a driving ring 29 provided
sides 36a of the member 39, together with the
with internal ?utings or splines 39 and interven
notches or spaces 33a, provide a race for the roll
ing grooves which mate with the splines and 30 er bearings 44. Thus, when the parts are assem
grooves 25 of the boss. The ring 29 is provided
bled, it is possible to rotate the gear or pinion
with diametrically opposed locking lugs or out
42 in either direction by means of the driving or
ward projections 3|. The casing 21 is adapted
operating handle 29. When, however, an unau
to receive a cage or annular member 32 provided
thorizecl attempt'is made to move the window
with an interrupted circumferential flange com 35 glass of the vehicle without operating the han
prising a series of annular disposed projecting
dle 29, the attempted rotation of the handle
portions or arcuate sections 33. The cage is pro
driven elements 39 and I39 of the clutch assem
vided with a centrally disposed ?anged hub 34
bly will cause the roller bearings 44 to jam or
which has diametricallyv opposed tongues 35
bind against the annular wall of the casing or
pressed inwardly, therefrom to provide recesses 40 housing 2? and prevent any movement of the
34a. The hub portion 34 surrounds the periph-'
parts,v thus functioning as a lock to maintain
eral face of the ring member 29 and the locking
the window glass against movement except
recesses 34a formed by pressing out the tongues
through the medium of the handle 29.
35 are adapted to receive snugly the projections
The housing 21 has an outwardly directed cir
3| on the ring when the parts are assembled. 45 cumferential ?ange 21a provided with holes or
The cage 32 has a relatively loose ?t within the
openings 21b for the purpose of permitting the
casing so that it can be rotated relative to the
clutch vassembly to be secured to the regulator
casing. A substantially rectangular coupling
backing plate II in any suitable manner, as by
member or block, shown as a whole at 39 is pro
means of rivets 45. As best seen in Figs.‘ 2, '7, 8
vided with a central opening 31 which permits 50 and 9, the regulator plate II is provided with an
the member to ?t over the fluted or splined out;
outwardly and upwardly bent offset portion or
er end of the hub member 24. This block or in
tongue Ila having a hole or opening formed
termediate coupling member 36 is provided in
therein to receive the hub 43 of the gear unit I39
its opposite outer and inner faces, respectively,
to maintain the gear 42 in operative position
with angularly disposed slots or grooves 38 and 55 with relation to the toothed sector I5.
39 arranged 90 degrees with respect to each other.
The housing 21, ring 29, cage 32, intermediate
The grooves 39 are adapted to receive and ?t
block or coupling member 36 and the gear unit
over thelugs or tongues 35 of the cage member
I 39 are ?rst assembled and applied or attached
and the outer slots or grooves 39 are adapted to
to the regulator plate II. It will be noted, see.
receive the projecting lugs or tongues 49 of a
pinion assembly, shown as a whole at I 39, with
particularly Figs. 2', 7, 8 and 9, that these parts
of the whole clutch assembly, when installed in
the vehicle body are disposed behind or at the
the parts 24, 29 and 32 when assembled together
outer side of the ?nish trim or upholstery panel
as ‘a unit, constitute the driving element or por
I6 and are thus concealed with the exception of
tion of the clutch assembly and that the block 65 the opening or hole formed in the panel. After
36 and pinion or gear unit I39 constitute the
the installation just described, the handle mem
driven portion or element of the clutch assembly.
ber 29 and its ?xed hub 24 are applied to the as—
The gear or pinion assembly I39, as shown, com
sembly by inserting the hub through the "open
. prises a disk-like base 4! from which the previ
ing in the trim panel and the opening in the eas
ously mentioned lugs or tongues 49 project in dia-' 70 ing or housing member 27. In this connection,
metrically opposite directions and a gear or pin
it is to be noted that the hub is radially slotted
ion portion 42 which is secured to the base or disk
to support a spring pressed locking member or
I39 in any suitable manner, such as by upsetting
bifurcated bolt 24a, the lower ends 242) of which
the base of the gear and its hub portion 43 to lock
project downwardly through the slot (see Fig. 2)
75
it to the base I39.
'
so that upon' inserting the hub in the hole or
a relatively snug fit.
Thus it will be seen that
3
2,260,119
with said ring, a driven member within the cage,
rolling clutch elements interposed between the
opening 28 of the housing ,21 and pressing the
handle member inwardly, the locking device
driven member and said casing wall and an
chored in apertures in the cage, said driven
member having a lost motion coupling connec
tion with the cage, and a member drivingly con
snaps into'place against the inner face of the
housing or casing member 21. In order to allow
the operating handle 20 to be released without
the necessity of removing or looseningthe ?nish
trim or panel [6, the latch bolt or memberl24a
is provided with a forwardly or outwardly ex
nected tosaid driven member and provided with
tending ?nger or projection 240 which is adapted
a ‘pinion gear.
5. In a clutch assembly for a window regula-l
outer or rear face 23 of the handle. This will al
end with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said .
to project into the groove or slot 26 formed in the 10 tor having a crank handle provided at its inner
hub and 'detachably connected thereto, a hollow
casing having an inner annular wall within
which vsaid hub projects, an annular cage rotative
within
said wall and having a driving connection
15
plate 24a upwardly against the action-of the coil
with said ring, a driven member within the cage,
spring 24d to release ‘the lower ends 241) (see
‘rolling clutch elements interposed between the
Figs. 2 and 9) from the casing, whereupon the
driven member and said casing wall and an
handle 20 and its attached hub member '24 and
chored‘ in apertures in the cage, said driven
locking device 24a can be removed.
low the insertion of a screwdriver or other tool,
such as the tool 46, into the slot 26 into engage
ment with the ?nger 240 to move the locking
20 member having a lost motion coupling connec
'~1. Ina clutch assembly for a window regulator
having a crank handle provided with an integral
exteriorly splined hub, a casing having an inner
annular wall, a driving ring interiorly splined for
telescopic connection to said hub, an annular
cage rotative within said casing wall and having
tion with the cage, and a member drivingly con
nected to- said driven member and provided with
apinion gear, said driving connection compris
ing mating“ lugs and recesses providing a posi
tive connection free of any substantial lost mo
tion.
.
‘
6. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
a’ marginal ?ange formed with spaced slots, a
‘having
a crank handle provided at its inner end
drivingconnection between said ring and cage, a
with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said hub
driven block having a ‘10st motion coupling con
detachably connected thereto, a hollow cas
nection with said cage and provided with outer 30 and
ing having an inner annular wall within which
angularly related ?at sides, roller elementsv an
said hub ‘projects, an annular cage rotative
chored in said slots and interposed between said
within said wall and having a driving connection
?at sides and said casing wall, and a pinion cou
with said ring, a driven member within the cage,
pled to- said driven block.
_
.
rolling clutch elements interposed between thev
2. In a clutch assemblyfor a window. regula
driven member and said casing wall and anchored
tor having a crank handle provided with an in
in apertures in the cage, said driven member hav
tegral exteriorly splined hub, a casing having an
ing a lost‘motion coupling connection with the
inner annular -wall, a driving ring interiorly
cage, and 'a member drivingly connected to said
splined for telescopic connection to said hub, an
driven member and provided with a pinion gear,
annular cage rotative within said casing wall and 40 said coupling connection comprising mating lugs
having a marginal ?ange formed with spaced
and recesses permitting rotative movement of the
‘slots, a driving connection between said ring and
driven member relative to the cage.
cage, a driven block having a lost motion cou
} '7. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
pling connection with said cage and provided
having
‘a crank handle provided at its inner end
,5.
Li
with outer angularly related ?atsides, roller ele
with a hub, 'a driving ring ?tting over said hub
ments anchored in said slots and ‘interposed be
and detachably connected thereto, a hollow cas~
tween said ?at sides and said casing wall, and a
ing having an inner annular wall within which
pinion coupled to said driven block, said coupling.
said hub projects, an annular cage rotative with
connection comprising lugs on said cage extend-7
in said wall and having a driving connection with
ing into notches formed at one face of the driven
block.
,
.
v
3. In a clutch assembly for a windowregula
tor having a crank handle provided with an in
tegral exteriorly splined hub, a casing having an
inner annular wall, a driving ring interiorly "
splined for telescopic connection to said hub, an
annular cage rotative within said casing wall and
having a marginal ?ange formed with spaced
slots, a driving connection between said ringand
cage, a driven block having a lost motion cou
pling connection with said cage and provided.
with outer angularly related ?at sides, roller ele
ments anchored in said slots and interposed be
tween said ?at sides and said casing wall, and a
pinion coupled to said driven block, said driving (i5
connection comprising outwardly projecting lugs
on said ring extending into recesses formed in
the hub of said cage.
4. In a clutch assembly for a window regula
tor having a crank handle provided at its inner
end with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said
hub and detachably connected thereto, a hollow
casing having any inner annular wall within
which said hub projects, an annular cage rotative
within said wall and having a driving connection
said ring, a driven member within the cage, roll
ing clutch elements interposed between the driven
member and said casing wall and anchored in
apertures in the cage, said driven member hav
ing a lost motion coupling connection with the
cage, andv a member drivingly connected to said’
driven member and provided with a pinion gear,
said cage having a common means forming in
part said driving connection and in part said
coupling connection.
8. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
having ‘a crank handleprovided at its inner end
with a hub, aqdriving ring ?tting over said hub
and detachably connected thereto, a hollow cas
ing having an inner annular wall within which
said hub projects, an annular cage rotative with
in said wall and having a driving connection with
said ring, a driven member within the cage, roll
ing clutch elements interposed between the
driven member and said casing wall and anchored
in apertures in the cage, said driven member hav
ing a lost motion coupling connection with the
cage, a disk drivingly connected to said driven
member, and a pinion secured to said disk._
9. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
4
2,260,119
having a crank handle provided at its inner end
with-a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said hub
to said‘ driven member ‘by mating lugs and re
and detachably connected thereto, a hollow cas
cesses, a pinion ?xed to the disk, and a common
means on the cage for connecting it to said ring
ing ‘having an inner annular wall'within which
said hub projects, an annular cage rotative with
and said driven member.
in said wall and having a driving connection with
lator, a hollow casing, a driving member within
said ring, a driven member within the cage, roll
ing clutch elements interposed between the driven
member and said casing wall and anchored in
apertures in the cage, said driven member having
a lost motion coupling connection with the cage,
and a member drivingly connected to said driven
member and provided with a pinion gear, said
driven member comprising a block having ?at
angularly related outer sides engageable with said 15
>
14. In a clutch assembly for a window regu
the casing, a cage rotative within the casing and
having a central aperture marginally ?anged,
said driving member ?tting into said ?anged
aperture and drivingly connected thereto, said
cage having an outer annular ?ange, a driven
member housed entirely within said annular
?ange, rolling clutch elements interposed between
10. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
having a crank handle provided at its inner end
with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over, said hub
and connected thereto, a hollow casing having an
inner annular wall within which said hub pro
jects, an annular cage rotative within said wall, a
driven member Within said cage, rolling clutch
exterior surfaces of said driven member and the
inner Wall of the casing and anchored in aper
tures in said annular ?ange of the cage, a driving
connection between the cage and said driven
member, and a pinion driven from said driven
member.
15. In a clutch assembly for a window regu
lator, a hollow casing, a driving member within
the casing, a cage rotative within the casing and
having a central aperture marginally ?anged, said
elements between the driven member and said
driving member ?tting into said ?anged aper
clutch elements.
,
Wall and held in place by the cage, a driven gear 25 ture and drivingly connected thereto, said cage
connected to the driven member, and a common
having an outer annular ?ange, a driven member
means on the cage for connecting it to said ring
housed entirely within said annular ?ange, roll
and said driven member.
ing clutch elements interposed between exterior '
11. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
flat surfaces of said driven member and the inner
having a crank handle provided at its inner end . wall of the casing and anchored in apertures in
with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said hub
said annular ?ange of the cage, a driving con
and connected thereto, a hollow casing having an
nection between the cage and said driven mem
inner annular wall within which said hub pro
ber, and a pinion driven from said driven mem
jects, an annular cage rotative within said wall,
ber, the driving connections between said cage
a driven member within said cage, rolling clutch
and the driven and driving members comprising
elements between the driven member and said
lugs and recesses on the cage.
.
r
wall and held in place by the cage, a driven gear
16. In a clutch assembly for a window regu
connected to the driven member, and a common
lator having an operating handleprovided with
means on the cage for connecting it to said ring
a hub, a driving member detachably connected
and said driven member, said-means comprising
to said hub, a hollow casing having an inner
lugs on the cage ?tting into recesses in the driven
annular wall within which said hub projects, an
member, said cage having recesses to receive lugs
annular cage rotative within said wall and hav
on said ring.
ing a driving connection with said driving mem
12. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
ber, a driven member within the cage, movable
having a crank handle provided at its inner end 45 clutch elements interposed between the driven
with a hub, a ?at sided driving ring ?tting over
member and said casing wall and located in aper
said hub and splined thereto, a hollow casing
tures in-the cage, said driven member having a
having an inner annular wall Within which said
lost motion connection with the cage, and a mem
hub projects, an annular cage rotative within said
ber drivingly connected to said driven member
wall, a driven member within said cage, rolling 50 and provided with a pinion gear.
clutch elements between the driven member and
17. In a clutch assembly for a window regu~
said‘ wall and held in place by the cage, a driven
lator havingmanually operable means including
gear connected to the driven member, and a com
a hub, a driving member ?tting over said hub
mon means on the cage for connecting it to said
and connected thereto, a casing having an inner
ring and said driven member.
55 wall within which saidhub projects, a cage rota
13. In a clutch assembly for a window regulator
tive within said wall, a driven member within
having a crank handle provided at its inner end
said cage, clutch elements located between the
with a hub, a driving ring ?tting over said hub
driven member and said Wall and held in place
and connected thereto, a hollow casing having an
by the cage, a driven gear connected to the driven
inner annular wall within which said hub pro 60 member, and means on the cage for connecting
jects, an annular cage rotative within said wall,
said cage to said driving member and said driven
a driven member within said cage, rolling clutch
member.
elements between the driven member and said
WILLIAM MARSHALL.
wall and held in place by the cage, a disk coupled
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