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Патент USA US2270858

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JUL 27, v1942-
Filed Juiy 26, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Oz/rfp/?67911 #Maß/5,
JUL 27, 1942-
Filed July4 26, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet
Patented Jan. 27, 1942 v
Oliver H. Gallamore, Indianapolis, Ind., assigner
to Diamond Chain and Manufacturing Com
pany, Indianapolis, Ind., a corporation of
Application July 26, 1989, serial No. 286,550
4 Claims.
My 'invention relates to a type of chain such
asïis commonly used to form a conveyor, and
(Cl. 19K-193)
the line 3-3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is an elevation of a
link of modified form; Fig. 5 is a view similar to
Fig. l, but illustrating a further modification of
the invention; and Figs. 6, '7, and 8 are views
more specifically to conveyor, chains which are
subjected in use to relatively wide temperature
variations. An example of such a chain is the
similar to Fig. ‘l` illustrating still further modi
type `used in conveying glass articles through
The body of the chain illustrated in Figs. 1
Such a chain commonly comprises spaced rows
of bars set vertically, the bars in adjacent rows
to 3 is composed of a plurality of rows of bars
I0, arranged with the bars in adjacent rows in
being staggered and each bar being provided 10 staggered relationship. Each of the bars I0 is
with a pair of spaced bushings. Pins extending
provided near its ends with holes for the recep
through the bushings serve to interconnect the
tion `of bushings II which, in turn, receive pins
bars to form a continuous chain. Desirably, the
I2 extending transversely of the chain for the
bushings project laterally beyond the sides of
entire width> thereof. Each bushing I`I has a
the bars for engagement with the teeth of chain
driving sprockets and also, >by engaging the
bushings on adjacent bars, to maintain the >bars
in proper spaced relationship laterally of the
15 length greater than the thickness of‘ its asso
ciated bar I Iland vthe bushings therefore pro
ject laterally beyond the sides of the bar into
abutting relationship with the bushings of bars
chain.v In such a chain, lateral spacing of the
in adjacent rows, thus serving to hold the links
bars `and proper engagement of the sprockets 20 in transversely spaced relationship to permit the
`with the chain are dependent upon the ñt of the
entry between _adjacent links of the teeth _of
bushings Within the bars., Although the bush
sprockets I3 by means of which the chain is
ings may` originally have a tight fit within the
driven. At the sides of the chain there may be
bars, the influence of repeated temperature var
links I5 which are not provided with bushings
iations tends to loosen them with the result that 25 andwhich may slidably engage stationary guides
wear occurs between the bushings and the bars,
I6 by which the weight of the chain and the ar
and the.“ bars g may eventually become so loose
ticles it'conveys may be sustaine
on the bushings that they move axially there
along. and jam on the sprocket or sprockets ‘by
VIn the arrangements shown in Figs. 1, 2, and‘3,
each of thebushings II has an external diam
which the chain is driven.
30 eter somewhat greater than the diameter ofthe
Ity is >the object of my invention to produce a
holes in the bars I0 and is provided with an an
chain of this type in which relative movement of
nular groove intermediate its ends, such groove
the bushings and bars axially of thevbushings is
prevented, thus insuring that the'bars will 'al
having awidth approximately equal to the thick
ness of the bars IIJ and a ‘base diameter substan
ways be maintained in proper positions trans
versely of the chain and will 'not interfere with
tially equal 'to or slightly greater than that of
the` holes inthelbars. In the arrangement il
lustrated in Figs. 1 to 3, each of the bushings II
engagement of the chain with the chain-driving
is also provided with an axial slot ZU'eXtending
In carrying out my invention, I ’provide the
through the bushing-wall to render the bushing
bushings exteriorly with grooves having a width 40 collapsible to the extentnecessary to permit‘it to
approximately equal to the thickness of the bars
ybe forced into the associated hole in the bar I0.
in which the bushings are to be received; and I
When :the bushing has been inserted into' thev
soform‘the bars that they are received insuch
bar‘to a point such that the groove and baroc
grooves, the sides of the grooves forming shoul
cupy a co-planar relationship, the bushing ex
ders which `engage opposite sidezfaces of the
pands, and the bar becomes seated in the groove,
bars. VSince each bar> is definitely located axial
as indicated at the right in Fig. 1.
ly of itsassociated bushings by reason of its re
_AfterzV the bushings have been inserted in the
ception in the bushing-grooves, relative move
ment of the barand bushings transversely of the
chain is prevented.
bars, the chain is assembled by pasisng the pins
I I through the bushings of the various bars AII)
andthroughthe'links I5, the pins beingl held
in place asxbyispinning their ends- into heads.
The accompanying drawings illustrate my in
vention: Fig. 1 is a plan-view of a conveyor
chain;` Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the chain
shown in Fig. 1, inlpartial section on the line
2--2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a transverse section on
Desirably,_each groove in> each bushing has a
depth somewhat greater than the clearance be
tween the bushing.. and the pin I2 which it re
ceives., Thus, the ‘presence of thè pin`I2 with
bottoms of the grooves 4l and the ends of which
in the bushing will prevent the bushing from
are curved on a radius substantially equal to the
collapsing to an extent such that the associated
bar Ill can move axially along it.
In Fig. 4 I have illustrated an alternative con
struction in which the resilience necessary to
radius of the bushings 40. Near its longitudinal
center, the groove 43 is enlarged asy indicated at
44 to a width equal to the diameter of the bush
ings 40. In this construction, the two bushings
associatedv with each bar 42 are putin place
successively, each bushing being inserted by axial
seat the grooved bushings in each bar is provided
in the bar rather than in the bushing. The
bushingl 25, which is shown as rolled from ñat
movement into the enlarged portion 44 of the
stock the ends of which meet, is not radially col
lapsible. Each bar 26 is slottedlongitudinally 1.0 slot 43 and then moved longitudinally of such
` slot to one end thereof, where the sides of the
at each end, desirably to a point inwardly beyond
grooves 4I will engage the sides of the bar 42
the bushing-receiving hole 21, to permit the hole
and prevent relative movement of the bushings
and bar axially of the bushings. To hold the
bushings in place in the ends of the slot 43 the
21 to be expanded to the extent necessary to re
ceive the bushing. If desired, the slot at each
end of the bar may 'be widened and flared out
wardly, as indicated at 28, to leave adjacent the
hole 21, a neck or constriction 29 having a width
somewhat less than the base diameter of the ane
nular groove 36.
material of each bar may be swaged as indicated
at 45 to constrict the slot 43 adjacent each
In the modification illustrated in Fig. 7 each
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 4l, each 20 bar 50 is provided with two longitudinally spaced
slots, andthe .bushings 5| are provided with an
bushing 25 may be inserted in its associated bar
nular grooves. The. inner end 52 of each ofthe
by forcing it inwardly through the enlarged slot-y
slots is' formed as the segment of a circle having
a diameter approximating the external diameter
end 28 into the hole 21, the bar springing to Der-1
mit the grooved portion .of the bushing to 'pass
the constriction 29. After the grooved bushing.-y ,
portion has passed the constriction 29, the link
again assumes its original form and the bushing
is held in place.
It may be desirable, under certain circum
stances, to prevent rotation of each bushing in
its associated bar; for such rotation might result
in wear suflicient to enlarge vthe holes in the
of the 'bushings 5I, while the outer end 53 of
each slot is formed as a segment of a circle havg
ing a diameter approximating the base diameter
of the bushing grooves. The bushings are put in
place by -inserting them in the inner slot-por
tions 52 until the bushing grooves are co-planar
with the bar, following which the bushings are
moved outwardly into the slot-portion 53. To
retain the bushings in place in the slot-portions
53, the material of the lbar may be swaged as
indicated at 54 to constrict the slot after the
bars to a point where the bars could move axially
of the bushings over the> larger-diameter end
portions thereof. To prevent -relative rotation
of the bushings and bars, I may provide each
bushings are in place.
ploy bushings 55 whichV are collapsible like-the
at 32 in Fig. 4, and each bar with a projecting
bushings il of Figs. 1, 2, and 3.
tongue or key 33 positioned to enter such groove
and hold the bushing against rotation. If the
bushing is formed of ñat stock rolled to the de
sired cylindrical shape, the groove 32 is readily
provided by properly shaping the ends of the
In the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 5, each .
of the bushings is formed of two pieces-namely,
a bushing-body, having a headv 35 and ashank
,36, and a spacing collar 31. The spacing collar
31 'has an internal diameter substantially equal
to that of the shank 36, an external diameter
substantially equal to that of the head 35, and
a length such that when ilush `with the outer
end of the shank 36 it will be spaced from the
head 35 a distance substantially equal to the
site grooves similar to the grooves 4I in the
bushings 4U. shownin. Fig'. .6. The holes 56 in
the bars 51 in which the bushings 55 are mount-`
ed conform in shape to the cross»sectional shape
of the bushings' 55. in the plane of the grooves
referred to. In this structure, the bushings are
collapsed and inserted in the holes 56 until the
bushing-grooves are in the plane of the bar 51,
whereupon the bushings `expand of-their own
resilience. When the chain is assembled, the
pins I2 within the bushings 55 prevent the bush
ings from collapsing and insure that each'bar
451 will remain seated in thegrooves of its asso-.
elated bushings. f
.l claim as my invention:
1, a chain adapted _for use~under widely vary?
ing temperature _conditions and having a plurale
thickness of the bars I0. This chain can be
assembled without distortion of any of the parts,
the bushing-shank 36 being passed through the
hole in the associated link l0 and the spacing
ity of rows of links interconnected by transverse,
ly extending pins, each >of said links comprising
a bar element having two longitudinally spaced
holes through which adjacent pins pass,'at least
coll-ar 31 then placed over the projecting end of
the shank. The bushing-bodies on eachfpin I2
are arranged in corresponding positions so that
each spacing collar 31 abuts against the head
one of the holes in said bar element being pro
vided with a bushing element Vmounted in the
hole and receiving the associated pin, said bush?
35 of the adjacent bushing, thus serving to main
tain the bars i0 inproper positions transversely
Instead of providing the bushings with annular
grooves as in the modiiications so far described,
I may provide them with grooves which do not
Each of the
bushings 55 is provided with diametrically oppo
material before it is rolled into cylindrical form.
of the chain.
In the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 8, I em
bushing with a longitudinal groove, as indicated
ing element being provided exteriorly and inter
mediate its length" with one or more circumfer
entially extending grooves located in the plane
ofthe bar element, one of said elements being
split and resiliently distortable' to permit the
extend throughout the bushing-circumference.
Thus, in Fig. 6, I have illustrated bushings 40 70 bushing element to be received in the associated
provided with diametrically opposite grooves 4|
hole in the bar element'with the bar element
the bottoms of which are ilat and parallel to
received in thek bushingegrooves and with'the
each other. The bar 42 shown in Fig. 6 has a
side walls of -said grooves engaging opposite side
longitudinally extending slot 43 the 'width of
faces 'of thebar element to hold the bushing
which approximates'the distance v»between the 75 element in ñxed position axially of itself relative
to the bar element even if said bar element ex
pands relatively to said bushing element as the
result of temperature conditions to which the
split, it being provided With a slot which extends
outwardly from the bushing-receiving hole to
the adjacent end of the bar element to permit
chain is subjected in use.
distortion of the bar element incident to the
2. The invention set forth in claim 1 with the 5 insertion of the bushing element.
addition that it is said bushing element which
4. The invention set forth in claim 1 with the
is split, it being provided with a longitudinal slot
extending through its Wall to permit collapse of
the bushing element incident to its insertion into
addition that each of said bushing elements and
its associated bar element are provided with co
operating, radially overlapping provisions posi
the associated hole in the bar element.
10 tively preventing rotation of the bushing element
3. The invention set forth in claim 1 with the
in the bar element.
addition that it is said bar element which is
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