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Патент USA US2271586

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Feb. 3, 1942.
Filed Sept. 6, 1940
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
Feb. 3, 1942.
I 2,271,586
Filed Sept. 6, 1940
' 3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Feb. 3, 1942.
Filed Sept. 6, 1940
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Feb. 3, 1942
Valentine Gerich, New York, N. Y.
Application September 6 , 1940, Serial No. 355,598
3 Claims. (CI. 74-44)
vice is ‘connected to the distributor or ammeter,
This invention relates to a convertible auto
to provide the necessary ?ring efficiency for the
mobile jack and rear wheel drive-motor starting
Another important feature of this invention, is
the structural characteristics of the assembled
The main salient feature of this invention,
isthe rear wheel driving mechanism, comprising
a left and right pair of drums provided with
mechanism wherein a lower and more compact
jacking device is obtainable over present rear
teeth portions adaptable for extending under
housing jacks, in which a'steering vhandle and
neath the rear wheels of an automobile after the
and the rear housing are lowered until the tires
drum spreading mechanism are operable by a
wheel at the end thereof, in which a locking
arrangement is provided for securing ?rmly the
driving mechanism adaptable for spotting and
in which-
rear-housing has been elevated sufficiently for
the drums to clear the tires, whereat the jack
operating mechanism during the driving oper
contact the drums whereby the drums may be
ation of the rear wheels by the ratchet-drums
rotated to provide the necessary sparking ei?
for starting the motor of the automobile.
ciency to start the motor of the automobile that
is otherwise inoperative, due to a weak battery 15 Other features of this invention will appear as
the description proceeds in the following speci
causing not enough voltage, or for other rea
?cation, accompanied by the annexed drawings,
sons,‘ and the drum operating and rear Wheel
Figure 1 is a plan view of the complete device
timing the motor of the automobile.
Another salient feature of this invention, is 20 of this invention, except the part broken away
of the ‘handle, which is clearly shown in Fig
the adaptability of using the drum operating
ures 3, 4 and 4a.
mechanism in combination with ‘any kind of a
Figure 2 is a front elevationalview taken on
jack for rear-housing elevating, in which means
line 2-2 of Figure l. s
are provided’ for breaking the circuit of the oper
ating electric motor for the jack operations, and 25. Figure 3 is a left end view of the device shown
the ratchet-drive for each rotatable drum to - in Figure l.
Figure 4 is a cross-sectionalv view on line 4-4
allow for any excessive speed and rotation of the
of Figure 1.
rear wheels after the drums have started the
wheels turning,
Figure 4a is a similar view showing an alter
Another important feature of this invention, 30. native tube-handle.
Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view longitudi
is the toggle lever mechanism for raising the
nally of one of the drums.
saddle of the jack, having movable blocks oper
Figure 6 is a cross-section of the same drum on
ating onto left and right screw-rods that move
line‘ 6—& of Figure 5. '
towards each other when the toggle levers raise
or elevate the saddle, and move away from each
other when the saddle is lowered to its normal
position, in which the toggle levers are almost in
a flat horizontal position thereby providing a
low compact jacking device for placing under a
very low rear-housing of an automobile for ele
vating the saddle and rear-housing high enough
for, the drums to be extended under the tires of
the wheels.
Another important feature of this invention is
the adaptability of using 'a screw-jack in place
Figure 7 is a partial sectional view of an al
ternative form of a screw-jack mechanism that
may be adopted in place of the toggle lever jack.
Figure 8 is a wire diagram of the electrical op
erating elements.
Referring to the drawings, the numeral l indi
cates 'a bed-plate frame with wheels 2 mounted
on a shaft 2’ at one end and casters 3' provided
at the other end thereof, which forms the truck
of this device. Secured thereto are channel-like
frame members 5 and B spaced apart su?iciently
to provide the necessary‘ operating mechanism
of the toggle lever jack, but there are certain
of this invention, later to be described.
objections that may not allow same for practical
‘ Guiding plate or angle members ‘I are secured
use, although it is very possible that a screw.
jack or any type of jack may be usefulin com 50 to the channel-like members, these members ‘I
being for operation of the cross-blocks 8' and 9
bination with the drum rotatable mechanism.
movable on screw-threaded rods I2 and I3, re
Another important feature of this invention,
spectively, in the threaded portions l0 and ll of
is the adaptability of using a portable dry bat-'
the cross-blocks. The screw-rods are operable
tery box device in connection with the drum driv
by a worm gear l4, worm-wheel l5 and the elec
ing operation for the rear wheels to start the
tric motor Ml through suitable reduced gearing,
motor, in which a portable dry battery box de-_
such as I9. The screw-rods I2 and I3 have their
ends rotatable in bearings in the plate ‘Ia se
cured to the ends of the channel-like members 5
and 9, and to the end of the guide plates 1.
Pivotally secured onto these cross-blocks are
the toggle jack of this invention, but is not
deemed necessary to show, if the principle is the
same as hereinbefore described.
In Figure 8 a wire diagram is shown, in which
the motor MI connects by a wire 9| to the switch
toggle lever frame members 29 and 2i having
box SB having a wire SI’ leading to the ?xed
side link portions 22 that are also pivotally con
contact 9i” normally held in contact with the
nected to the under boss portions 23 of the sad
movable contact 93 of the switch lever 93' by
dle 25 of the jack for elevating the rear hous
a tension spring 93" within the switch box SB.
ing of an automobile, these toggle frame mem 10 The contacts 9|” and 93 are broken when the
.movable block 9 of the toggle, the member 2|
bers being almost flat when in their lowermost
position, and are capable of raising or elevating
moves into contact with the trip lever 94 secured
with the switch lever 93', whereby the motor
the saddle 25 in a very high position as shown
may coast to a stop in the elevating of the saddle
in dotted lines in Figure 2, later to be described
in operation.
15 25. When it is desired to lower the saddle 25,
the switch lever 99 is moved in direction of
The drum extending and telescoping mecha-,
arrow R to the ?xed contact 95, whereby the
nism, comprises teeth-rack members 32 and 32'
block 8 moves outwardly towards the switch box
slidable in a, track member 39, with a pinion
SB’ whereat the trip lever 94a breaks contact
gear 39 meshing in therebetween, the gear 33
points 96" and 96"’, thereby breaking the cir
being operated by the stub-shaft 94, knuckle
cuit, at which time the saddle 25 has reached
joints 35, 35 and 35’, 35’ rod-shaft 34' and rod
its lowermost position. The switch boxes SB
31 terminating into a bearing of the locking ar
and SB’ with their trip levers provide a circuit
rangement 99 of the wheel W, all of which are
breaker in event the hand lever 99 is not operated
mounted on the handle H having a forked por
tion I94—I94 pivotally connected at I95 to the 25 in time. This automatic control is essential as
a safety precaution, in event the movable hand
bed-plate I. Links 45 and 45 are pivotally con
switch 99 and ?xed contact 9|a connected by
nected to the rack-bars 32-42’ at 41 and 48 and
wire 9| with the switch box SB to the motor
also are pivotally connected at 59’ to the bracket
MI, is not operated in time. The motor M2 is
59 of the cross-plate members 5I and 52, from
connected by a wire 96 to a hand switch HS that
which are extended the shafts or spindles 53 for
is adapted to be held by the operator in the
the rotatable drums 55.
driver’s seat, in which the rotation of the drums
‘The “semi-spool like drums 55 have curved
driving the rear wheels may be controlled at the
?anged portions 55’, teeth 56, ribbed portions 58',
dash-board panel of the car, to regulate the
shaft 53 keyed at 54 into the bearings 56",
ratchet 5‘! engaging pawls or dogs 58 under spring ’ motor of the‘ car when starting, and the drums
55 are stopped by the switch HS, or turned on,
tension at 59 mounted on disk 69 secured to
whenever desired. The drums 55 have a grease
the worm wheel 62, all of which forms the
housing member 92 secured in between the cross
ratchet-drive mechanism of each drum 55, clearly
plates 5I-52 and ratchet disks 69. The motors
shown in Figures 5 and 6, which allows for ex
cessive speed or rotation of the rear wheels after 40 M2 and M1 have negative wires 91 and 98, re
spectively, the positive wires 9'!’ and 98' com
the motor of the automobile has been started.
plete the supply current through the switches
The worm wheels 62 are operated by the worm
HS and 99, respectively. The ?xed contact 96
gears 69, shafts 94, worm Wheels 65, worm gear
that engages the lever switch 99, is connected
65, and telescoping drive members 61 and 98,
the inner shaft member 67 being, for example, 45 to the motor MI by Wires 96' to the ?xed contact
square ?tted and slidable in the outer shaft
96" of the switch box SB’, movablev contact 96”’
of switch lever 93*‘, and wire 9I'”, all of which
member 58 which is operated by the worm wheel
are similarly operated as the switch box SB as
‘I9, worm gear ‘II, shaft ‘I2 and electric motor
the block 8 moves in and out of engagement with
M2 through a reduced gearing I].
The main frame members 5 and 6 is provided 50 the trip levers 94 and 945.
A compressed air tank I99 with a gauge I99’
with extending and telescoping members ‘I5 se
cured by screws ‘I6 to the outer cross-plates ‘I1
may be secured to the handle H, or handle TH,
having an extension hose I9I to provide air for
and ‘I8 providing bearings for the shafts 53 hav
ing also bearings in the inner cross-plates 5|
the tires, the handles being about four feet be
and 52. Casters 89 may be arranged under the 55 yond the forked portion I94 which is another
twenty inches, or enough to clear the motors ML
members ‘I5 for each pair of operating drums
and M2. A quadrant member I96 with spaced
55, but other suitable means may be adopted
holes I91 allows for inserting a pin I98 for diffor a firm and level operation of the drums and
ferent positions of the handles H or TH.
their mechanism, this being optional, as the ex
In operation the lower bed-frame truck is po
tending members 75 have about '7 inches support 60
sitioned under the rear-housing RH of the car,
in the‘?xed frame members 5 and 6, the members
as noted clearly in Figure 2, so the saddle 25
‘I5 move about '7 inches, making a total of 14
inches or more for these members ‘I5 from the
may engage same and the reversible motor MI
is started by the switch lever 99 thereby raising
structure for each pair of drums as shown in 65 the saddle through the reduce gearing I6, worm
inner cross-plate 52 that support the end frame
Figures 1 and 2.
In Figure '7, for example, a screw jack II2 isv
shown, that may be adopted in place of the
toggle jack hereinbefore described, if so desired,
the jack being a double screw sleeve-type in 70
order to get as much elevation as permissible,
a worm wheel II! is operated by the worm gear
H2, as for example, by the reduced gearing “4
from the motor MI. Similar means for the cir
cuit breaking of the motor may be used as in 75
gears I4, worm wheels I5 which rotate screw
rods I2—I3 that move the blocks ‘I and 8 towards
each other by means of the toggle members 29
and 2|, thereby raising the saddle and rear
housing RH high enough for allowing the drums
55 to be moved under the rear tires RT, as indi
cated in dotted form at h in Figure 2, the motor
MI being shut off, due to the block 8 contacting
the switch arm 94 of the switch box SB, thereby
breaking the closed circuit in event the hand
pivotally connected to a saddle member, said
saddle member in its lowermost position in be
tween ‘said channel-like members position said
suf?ciently to rotate the rod 31, knuckle-joints
cross-blocks at extreme end portion-of said chan
36--35——36’—55', driving rod-shafts 34 spur gear
nel-like members with said toggle levers almost
33 and move racks 32—32’ which move the cross
in their horizontal positions, said saddle being
plates 5! and 52 by means of the links 45 and
adaptable for positioning underneath the rear
46, thus moving each pair of drums 55 under
housing of an automobile, a pair of drums carried
the rear wheel tires RT as indicated by the
by the free ends of said telescoping members,
dotted positions of the drums at d in Figure 2.
Then the motor MI is reversed to lower the sad 10 each of said drums provided with a curved ?anged
portion and a ratchet drive mechanism, said tele
dle 25 until the rear wheel tires RT rest upon
scoping members adaptable to be operated by
each pair of drums 55, the curved ?anged por
one of said electric motors, said drums and ratch
tion 55' of each drum‘ acting as a guide for en
et-drive mechanism adaptable to be driven by the
gaging the curved portions of the tires RT and
act as a stop, when the motor MI is again stopped 15 other electric motor, said ?oor truck provided
with a steering handle, said handle provided with
by the switch SB or switch 91), all of which has
a rotatable wheel at the upper end thereof, said
been electrically and mechanically described in
wheel through connecting mechanism adaptable
the wire diagram ‘hereinbefore described.
to operate said spur gear and teeth-racks and
The motor M2 is now started by the hand
each pair of drums connecting therewith, means
switch HS on the end of about a twenty-foot
to‘ operate ?rst said motor and said toggle oper
cord extending to the driver’s seat from the
ating mechanism whereby said saddle elevates
motor M2 connecting terminals MT, the rod 31
said rear-housing of car, means to break the
being locked by the button B on the wheel W to
power circuit of said motor, when saddle is sur?
a ?xed portion of the handle H, so as to secure
a ?rm and sure operation of the drums 55 through 25 ciently elevated, each of said pair of drums pro
vided with teeth portions, said wheel of handle
the gearing I‘I, worm ‘H, wheel ‘I0, shafts 68—6'I,
adaptable to move each pair of drums under
worms 66, wheels 55, shafts 64, worms 63, wheels
neath the tires of the rear wheelslof the car,
62, disks BI}, pawls 58, ratchets 51, the teeth 56
means to reverse said motor to lower said saddle
gripping and turning ?rmly the tires for their
rotation for the rear wheel driving mechanism 30 member, and said rear-housing so the tires may
rest upon each pair of drums, means to break
to start the motor of the car, assisted by a port
the circuit of said motor, means to operate said
able dry battery device as shown in Figure 9, in
other motor for rotating said drums through said
which an ordinary portable dry battery box I20
ratchet-drive whereby, the dead motor of the
has its positive terminal connected by the de
lever 190 has not been operated for the same pur
pose. Then the truck handle wheel 'W is turned
posited wire I2I to the distributor I22, or am
meter at the dashboard of the car, and the nega
35 car may be started through the rotation of said
drums contacting said tires of the rear wheels
of said car, said ratchet-drive allowing for ex
cessive speed of rear wheels after the motor has
to the dash or frame at I24 through the wire
been started and during the rotation of said
I23. This provides the necessary sparking volt
age in event the car’s battery is totally dead. 40 drums for generating power to the generator
of said car for the suf?cient voltage to normally
The ratchet-drive of each drum allows for more
said motor of car, after which said other
or less acceleration of the motor power of the
motor is shut-oiT and all operating mechanism
car now started by means of the drums 55, and
is now reversed to return the drums to their
when so desired the motor M2 is stopped by
normal positions in which the toggle jack mech
the hand switch HS, when su?icient power has
anism is again operated for elevating the rear
been generated in the generator of the car to
wheels sufficiently for the withdrawal of said
supply the necessary voltage current to the bat
tery. Then the operation for elevating the saddle
2. In a convertible automobile jack and rear
to withdraw the drums 55 from under the rear
wheels is repeated, all of which is reversed in 50 wheel drive and motor starting device of the
character described, the combination of a ?oor
truck, electric motors arranged thereon, said
It is to be understood that all parts herein
truck provided with ‘a handle and wheel at they
before described and shown in the drawings are
end thereof, frame members secured crossway of
more or less illustrative, as an actual device has
not been constructed, and any alteration to same 55 said truck, telescoping members arranged in said
framemembers, cross~blocks operable in between
is expressly reserved providing same comes within
said frame members, said cross-blocks operable
the scope of the appended claims,
by screw rods, toggle levers pivotally secured to
Having thus described my invention what I
said cross-blocks, a saddle member pivotally se
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
60 cured to the other end of said toggle levers, said
Patent, is as follows:
toggle lever being in almost a horizontal position
1. In a convertible automobile jack and rear
when said saddle is in its lowermost position with
wheel drive and motor starting device of the
said cross-blocks at their extreme outwardly po
character described, the combination of a ?oor
sition in between said frame members, said tele
truck, a bed-plate therewith provided with
wheels and casters, channel-like frame members 6-5 scoping members provided with a pair of drums
arranged at the free ends thereof, means to op
secured crossway onto said bed-plate, electric
erate one of said electric motors to operate said
motors arranged on said bed-plate, telescoping
screw-rods and cross-blocks whereby the said
members arranged within said channel-like
saddle member is elevated underneath the rear
members, teeth racks having a spur gear mesh
housing of a -car,means to operate the other motor
ing therebetween arranged onto one of said chan
to raise said rear-housing of car off floor, means
nel-like members, a toggle jack mechanism hav
to operate said wheel of said handle to move
ing movable cross~blocks operable by leftv and
outwardly said telescoping members whereby
right screw-rods arranged in between said chan
each of said pair of drums are positioned under
nel-like members, toggle levers pivotally secured
the rear wheels of the car, means to lower said
to said cross-blocks, said toggle levers further
tive terminal of the battery box I20 is grounded
saddle and rear housing for rear wheels to rest
upon said drums, means to break the circuit of
said electric motor, means to operate said other
motor for rotating said drums for the rotation
a horizontal position when said saddle is in its
lowermost position with said cross-blocks at their
extreme outward position in between said frame
members, said extendable members provided with
of said rear wheels for starting the motor of the
a pair of drums arranged at the free ends there
of, means to operate said movable cross-blocks
car and for generating power Voltage to the gen
erator of the car to normally operate said motor
of car, and means to make inoperative the rota
tion of said drums, and for withdrawal of said
drums from under the rear wheels to their in
operative and normal positions.
towards each other whereby said saddle member
is elevated underneath the rear-housing of a car,
means to raise said rear-housing of car off floor,
10 means to operate said extendable members
whereby each of said pair of drums are posi
tioned under the rear wheels of the car, means
3. In a convertible automobile jack and rear
to lower said saddle and rear housing for rear
wheel drive and motor starting device of the
wheels to rest upon said drums, means to op
character described, the combination of a floor
truck, a motor power means arranged thereon, 15 erate said motor for rotating said drums for the
rotation of said rear wheels for starting the
said truck provided with a steering handle at the
motor of the car and for generating power volt
end thereof, frame members secured onto said
age to the generator of the car to normally op
truck, movable and extendable members - ar
erate said motor of car, and means to make in
ranged in said frame members, movable cross
blocks operable in between said frame members, 20 operative the rotation of said motor and drums,
and for the Withdrawal of said drums from un
said cross-blocks operable by toggle levers piv
otally secured to said cross-blocks, a saddle mem
ber pivo-tally secured to the other end of said
toggle levers, said toggle levers being in almost
der the rear wheels to their inoperative and nor
mal positions.
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