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Патент USA US2275109

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March 3, 1942.
>
R_ 'r_ MCGEE
-
-
2,275,109
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 2, 1939
INVENTOR
Richard TMCG e e
1.
Patented Mar. 3, 1942
2,275,109
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,275,109
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Richard T._McGee, Wheeling, W. Va., assignor to
The Consolidated Expanded Metal Companies,
Wheeling, W. Va_.,
corporation of West
Virginia
Application June 2, 1939, Serial No. 277,003
3 Claims. (Cl. 72—115)
This invention relates to building construction
to 4, inclusive, there are provided a lower base
and more particularly to a structure and a struc
tural member for use in the fabrication of walls
member or floor rail 2 and an upper base member
in buildings, although in its broader aspects the
invention is not speci?cally limited to this use.
In my copending applications Serial Nos.
229,104 and 243,140 there are disclosed and
claimed structures which are particularly adapt
able for the fabrication of lath and plaster walls
and which have to do primarily with the posi
tioning and supporting of the studs. I have de
vised a further improved stud supporting and
positioning structure and structural members for
use therein which ‘facilitate the positioning of
the studs and allow for wide ?exibility as to the 15
or ceiling rail 3, each of these members being
elongated and of generally L shape in cross sec
tion, as shown in Figures 2- and 4. The ?oor rail
2 has a web portion 4 and a ?ange portion 5.
Holes 6 for receiving fastening means are pro
vided at intervals in the ?ange portion 5. The
?oor rail 2 is positioned with its ?ange 5 sub
stantially horizontal to form the bottom of the
stud supporting and positioning structure for the
wall and may be nailed in place or otherwise
suitably fastened to an underlying supporting
structure through the holes 6.
The web 4 ex
tends upwardly substantially at right angles to
location of the studs. I preferably position the
the flange 5. The web 4 has two series of out
studs by means of tongues outstruck from base
struck tongues. The upper series comprises a
members at the top and bottom of the wall and
plurality of longitudinally spaced tongues l and
I preferably arrange the tongues in such a way
the lower series comprises a plurality of longi
that a plurality of tongues in one of the base 20 tudinally spaced tongues 8. All of the tongues T
members cooperate to position a stud with re
spect thereto. A tongue preferably embraces at
least a portion of the stud. Preferably the tongues
and 8 are outstruck from the web 4 of the ?oor
rail 2 and extend substantially parallel to such
web as shown, although the tip or outer ex
in at least one of the base members are arranged
tremity of each tongue is bent slightly outwardly
in a plurality of series and I ?nd it of advan 25 away from the web 4 whereby its utility is in
tage to stagger the tongues of one series rela
creased, as will presently appear. Each of the
tively to those of another.
tongues l of the upper series points generally
Other details, objects and advantages of the
longitudinally of the ?oor rail 2 in one direction
invention will become apparent as the following
and each of the tongues 8 of the lower series
description of certain present preferred embodi 30 points generally longitudinally in the opposite
ments thereof proceeds.
direction. The tongues ‘I of the upper series are
In the accompanying drawing I have shown
staggered relatively to the tongues 8 of the lower
certain present preferred embodiments of the in
series, as best shown in the lower portion of
vention, in which
Figure l.
I
Figure 1 is an elevational view with portions 35
The ceiling rail 3 has a web portion 9 and a
cut away of a part of a partition or wall con
?ange portion to. Holes II for receiving fasten
struction employing my improved structure;
Figure 2 is a transverse cross-sectional View
to enlarged scale taken on the line II-—II of
Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view
also to enlarged scale taken on the line III-III
ing means are provided at intervals in the ?ange
portion It. The ceiling rail 3 is positioned with
its
?ange l0 substantially horizontal to form the
40
top of the stud supporting and positioning struc
ture for the wall and may be nailed in place or
otherwise suitably fastened to an overlying sup
of Figure 1;
porting structure through the holes I I. The web
Figure 4 is a perspective view illustrating de
45 9 extends downwardly substantially at right an
tails of the structure;
gles to the ?ange Ill. The web 9 of the ceiling
Figure 5 is a perspective view showing a modi
rail 3 is of substantially greater height than is
?ed form of structure at the bottom of the wall;
the web 4 of the ?oor rail 2. The portion of the
and
web 9 of the ceiling rail 3 adjacent the ?ange I0
Figure 6 is a transverse cross-sectional view 50 is flat and has holes l2 punched therein to de
similar to Figure 2 of a structure which is the
crease the dead Weight of the rail and to aiford
same as that shown in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive, at
means for keying of the plaster. The web 9 has
the top and which has at the bottom the struc
two series of outstruck tongues. The upper series
ture shown in Figure 5.
comprises a plurality of longitudinally spaced
Referring now more particularly to Figures 1 55 tongues 13 and the lower series comprises a plu~
2
2,275,109
rality of longitudinally spaced tongues It. All
of the tongues l3 and I4 are outstruck from the
web 9 of the ceiling rail 3 and extend substan
tially parallel to such web as shown, although
the tip or outer extremity of each tongue is bent
slightly outwardly away from the web 9. Each
of the tongues l3 of the upper series points gen
erally longitudinally of the ceiling rail 3 in one
direction and each of the tongues [4 of the lower
upper and lower portions of the stud with the
ceiling and floor rails respectively at the same
time by maintaining the stud substantially ver~
tical and in the same relation to the tongues of
the ?oor and ceiling rails during such engage
ment. It is generally easier, however, to en~
‘gage the upper portion of the stud with the
tongues of the ceiling rail while the lower por
tion of the tongue simply lies alongside the web
series points generally longitudinally in the op ll) 4 of the ?oor rail but not in engagement with
the tongues of the ?oor rail. When its upper
posite direction. The tongues I3 of the upper
portion has been engaged with the tongues of
series are staggered relatively to the tongues M
the ceiling rail the stud is moved upwardly until
of the lower series, as best shown in the upper
its bottom is above the upper surfaces of the
portion of Figure 1.
In erecting a wall construction such as a 15 tongues 1 of the floor rail, whereupon it can be
brought into substantially vertical position and
partition the ?oor rail 2 is positioned along the
lowered to the position shown in Figure 4 in
?oor at the bottom of the place where the wall
which its bottom rests upon the ?ange 5 of the
is to be and the ceiling rail 3 is positioned di~
floor rail 2 and with the lower portion of the
rectly above and parallel to the floor rail 2, the
rails 2 and 3 being fastened in place. In posi 20 stud ?ange engaging the tongues T and 8 of
the floor rail just as the upper portion of the
tioning the rails 2 and 3, prior to permanently
stud flange engages the tongues l3 and M of the
fastening them in place they are preferably ar
ceiling rail.
ranged with a tongue l3 of the ceiling rail di~
The ease with which the stud is positioned
rectly above and in vertical alignment with a
relatively
to the floor and ceiling rails will be
25
tongue l of the ?oor rail, as shown in Figures 1
apparent, yet the structure is extremely simple
and 4.
and inexpensive. The stud is held tightly enough
I prefer to employ ?anged studs and the studs
so that the wall supporting structure is of ample
l5 shown in the drawing are of generally chan
nel cross section each having a web portion l6
and ?ange portions H. In positioning a stud
relatively to the supporting and positioning
structure above described ‘the upper portion of a
?ange of the stud is slipped beneath one of the
tongues l3 or one of the tongues 14 of the ceiling
rail 3 so that such tongue substantially embraces "
such ?ange, as shown in Figure e. In the illus
trated embodiment the ?ange of the stud is
embraced by ‘one of the tongues l3. If one of the
tongues I4 should be employed for this purpose
the stud would be reversed in position with the
?anges pointing in the opposite direction and
the opposite ?ange would be slipped beneath
one of the tongues It. By reason of the pro—
vision of the outturned tips of the tongues the
stud flange may be slipped thereunder either
by generally longitudinal movement of the stud
or by generally transverse movement of the stud
and it is generally easier to position the upper
portion of the stud by moving it generally side
strength.
In Figures 5 and 6 there is shown a modi?ed
structure of floor rail and stud. This structure
may be employed with a ceiling rail as above de
scribed andshown in the drawing. The floor
rail shown in Figures 5 and 6 and designated by
reference numeral I8 is of generally channel
shape with a series of tongues l9 struck up from
the web thereof. The spacing of the tongues I9
is the same as that of the tongues of each of the
upper and lower series in the ceiling rail. The
upper portion of the stud is engaged with the
ceiling rail in the same manner as above de
scribed with respect to the structure shown in
Figures 1 to 4, inclusive. The flanges 20 of the
stud at the bottom thereof are bent inwardly to
ward each other, and after the stud has been en
gaged with the ‘ceiling rail it is lowered to sub
stantially embrace one of the tongues IQ of the
floor rail. The ?oor rail l8 has holes 2| for the
reception of nails or other suitable fastening
means to hold it in place.
wise or transversely so that the stud flange is ‘
The studs are positioned at any desired inter
embraced by one of the tongues [3 or M.
1
vals, it being apparent that the provision for
When the upper portion of the stud is slipped
spacing of the studs is very ?exible and that at
under one of the tongues l3, as shown in Figure
the time of erection of the wall the spacing may
4, the two tongues I4 lying generally ‘below and :35 be determined. The studs may be placed rela
immediately adjacent such tongue l3 cooperate
tively close together or far apart and they may
with the stud to hold it in place. The outer ex
be spaced regularly or irregularly. After the
tremity of the ?ange of the stud abuts against
studs are set in place metal lath and preferably
one of such underlying tongues l4 and the other
expanded metal lath as shown at 22 is fastened
of such underlying tongues M has its outwardly
iii) to the studs as by wires 23. If the structure is a
bent tip-bearing against the back of the web of
partition to be ?nished on both sides lath may be
the stud as shown in Figure 3. The tongues are
applied on both sides of the studs if desired or
sufficiently resilient that they will spring slightly
only a single lath sheet may be used and such
to allow the stud to be introduced, and the stud
sheet may be plastered on both‘ sides. If a single
may also be inclined at a slight angle to the ver
lath sheet is plastered on both sides the thickness
tical to facilitate its connection with the ceiling
of the plaster on the stud side will have to be
great enough 'to cover the studs. The plaster is
rail.
shown at 24 in Figure 1. It is retained in place
When the upper portion of the stud is being
primarily by the expanded metal lath, although
engaged with the tongues of the ceiling rail as
above ‘described the lower portion of ‘the stud " it also keys to some extent with the ‘ceiling and
?oor rails through the openings at which the
will ordinarily not be engaged with the tongues
tongues are ‘formed and through the openings H
of the ?oor rail but will simply lie adjacent the
in the ceiling rail.
web 4 of the ?oor rail, the stud being slightly
While I have shown and described certain pres
inclined to the plane of the wall. However, it
would ordinarily be possible to engage both the 75 ent preferred embodiments of the invention it is
2,275,109
to be distinctly understood that the invention is
3
with the tongues in one row staggered relatively
to those in another row and the tongues in each
of said two rows extending generally longitudi
not limited thereto but may be otherwise var
iously embodied within the scope of the following
claims.
nally of the row so that at least one tongue in one
I claim:
5 of said two rows and at least one tongue in the
1. A structural member having a generally
other of said two rows are adapted cooperatively
plane surface having projecting therefrom a plu
to position another member relatively to the
rality of rows of tongues each having a free end
structural member.
spaced from said surface to provide an open end
3. A structural member having projecting
ed structural member receiving cavity with the 10 therefrom two rows of tongues each‘ having a
tongues in one row staggered relatively to those
free end spaced therefrom to provide an open
in another row so that at least one tongue in one
ended structural member receiving cavity with
of said two rows and at least one tongue in the
the tongues in each of said rows extending gen
other of said two rows are adapted cooperatively
erally longitudinally of the row so that at least
to position another member relatively to the 15 one tongue in one of said rows and at least one
structural member.
'
tongue in the other of said rows are adapted
'2. A structural member having projecting
cooperatively to position another member rela
therefrom a plurality of rows of tongues each
tively to the structural member.
having a free end spaced therefrom to provide an
open ended structural member receiving cavity
RICHARD T. McGEE.
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