Патент USA US2275109код для вставки
March 3, 1942. > R_ 'r_ MCGEE - - 2,275,109 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed June 2, 1939 INVENTOR Richard TMCG e e 1. Patented Mar. 3, 1942 2,275,109 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,275,109 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Richard T._McGee, Wheeling, W. Va., assignor to The Consolidated Expanded Metal Companies, Wheeling, W. Va_., corporation of West Virginia Application June 2, 1939, Serial No. 277,003 3 Claims. (Cl. 72—115) This invention relates to building construction to 4, inclusive, there are provided a lower base and more particularly to a structure and a struc tural member for use in the fabrication of walls member or floor rail 2 and an upper base member in buildings, although in its broader aspects the invention is not speci?cally limited to this use. In my copending applications Serial Nos. 229,104 and 243,140 there are disclosed and claimed structures which are particularly adapt able for the fabrication of lath and plaster walls and which have to do primarily with the posi tioning and supporting of the studs. I have de vised a further improved stud supporting and positioning structure and structural members for use therein which ‘facilitate the positioning of the studs and allow for wide ?exibility as to the 15 or ceiling rail 3, each of these members being elongated and of generally L shape in cross sec tion, as shown in Figures 2- and 4. The ?oor rail 2 has a web portion 4 and a ?ange portion 5. Holes 6 for receiving fastening means are pro vided at intervals in the ?ange portion 5. The ?oor rail 2 is positioned with its ?ange 5 sub stantially horizontal to form the bottom of the stud supporting and positioning structure for the wall and may be nailed in place or otherwise suitably fastened to an underlying supporting structure through the holes 6. The web 4 ex tends upwardly substantially at right angles to location of the studs. I preferably position the the flange 5. The web 4 has two series of out studs by means of tongues outstruck from base struck tongues. The upper series comprises a members at the top and bottom of the wall and plurality of longitudinally spaced tongues l and I preferably arrange the tongues in such a way the lower series comprises a plurality of longi that a plurality of tongues in one of the base 20 tudinally spaced tongues 8. All of the tongues T members cooperate to position a stud with re spect thereto. A tongue preferably embraces at least a portion of the stud. Preferably the tongues and 8 are outstruck from the web 4 of the ?oor rail 2 and extend substantially parallel to such web as shown, although the tip or outer ex in at least one of the base members are arranged tremity of each tongue is bent slightly outwardly in a plurality of series and I ?nd it of advan 25 away from the web 4 whereby its utility is in tage to stagger the tongues of one series rela creased, as will presently appear. Each of the tively to those of another. tongues l of the upper series points generally Other details, objects and advantages of the longitudinally of the ?oor rail 2 in one direction invention will become apparent as the following and each of the tongues 8 of the lower series description of certain present preferred embodi 30 points generally longitudinally in the opposite ments thereof proceeds. direction. The tongues ‘I of the upper series are In the accompanying drawing I have shown staggered relatively to the tongues 8 of the lower certain present preferred embodiments of the in series, as best shown in the lower portion of vention, in which Figure l. I Figure 1 is an elevational view with portions 35 The ceiling rail 3 has a web portion 9 and a cut away of a part of a partition or wall con ?ange portion to. Holes II for receiving fasten struction employing my improved structure; Figure 2 is a transverse cross-sectional View to enlarged scale taken on the line II-—II of Figure 1; Figure 3 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view also to enlarged scale taken on the line III-III ing means are provided at intervals in the ?ange portion It. The ceiling rail 3 is positioned with its ?ange l0 substantially horizontal to form the 40 top of the stud supporting and positioning struc ture for the wall and may be nailed in place or otherwise suitably fastened to an overlying sup of Figure 1; porting structure through the holes I I. The web Figure 4 is a perspective view illustrating de 45 9 extends downwardly substantially at right an tails of the structure; gles to the ?ange Ill. The web 9 of the ceiling Figure 5 is a perspective view showing a modi rail 3 is of substantially greater height than is ?ed form of structure at the bottom of the wall; the web 4 of the ?oor rail 2. The portion of the and web 9 of the ceiling rail 3 adjacent the ?ange I0 Figure 6 is a transverse cross-sectional view 50 is flat and has holes l2 punched therein to de similar to Figure 2 of a structure which is the crease the dead Weight of the rail and to aiford same as that shown in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive, at means for keying of the plaster. The web 9 has the top and which has at the bottom the struc two series of outstruck tongues. The upper series ture shown in Figure 5. comprises a plurality of longitudinally spaced Referring now more particularly to Figures 1 55 tongues 13 and the lower series comprises a plu~ 2 2,275,109 rality of longitudinally spaced tongues It. All of the tongues l3 and I4 are outstruck from the web 9 of the ceiling rail 3 and extend substan tially parallel to such web as shown, although the tip or outer extremity of each tongue is bent slightly outwardly away from the web 9. Each of the tongues l3 of the upper series points gen erally longitudinally of the ceiling rail 3 in one direction and each of the tongues [4 of the lower upper and lower portions of the stud with the ceiling and floor rails respectively at the same time by maintaining the stud substantially ver~ tical and in the same relation to the tongues of the ?oor and ceiling rails during such engage ment. It is generally easier, however, to en~ ‘gage the upper portion of the stud with the tongues of the ceiling rail while the lower por tion of the tongue simply lies alongside the web series points generally longitudinally in the op ll) 4 of the ?oor rail but not in engagement with the tongues of the ?oor rail. When its upper posite direction. The tongues I3 of the upper portion has been engaged with the tongues of series are staggered relatively to the tongues M the ceiling rail the stud is moved upwardly until of the lower series, as best shown in the upper its bottom is above the upper surfaces of the portion of Figure 1. In erecting a wall construction such as a 15 tongues 1 of the floor rail, whereupon it can be brought into substantially vertical position and partition the ?oor rail 2 is positioned along the lowered to the position shown in Figure 4 in ?oor at the bottom of the place where the wall which its bottom rests upon the ?ange 5 of the is to be and the ceiling rail 3 is positioned di~ floor rail 2 and with the lower portion of the rectly above and parallel to the floor rail 2, the rails 2 and 3 being fastened in place. In posi 20 stud ?ange engaging the tongues T and 8 of the floor rail just as the upper portion of the tioning the rails 2 and 3, prior to permanently stud flange engages the tongues l3 and M of the fastening them in place they are preferably ar ceiling rail. ranged with a tongue l3 of the ceiling rail di~ The ease with which the stud is positioned rectly above and in vertical alignment with a relatively to the floor and ceiling rails will be 25 tongue l of the ?oor rail, as shown in Figures 1 apparent, yet the structure is extremely simple and 4. and inexpensive. The stud is held tightly enough I prefer to employ ?anged studs and the studs so that the wall supporting structure is of ample l5 shown in the drawing are of generally chan nel cross section each having a web portion l6 and ?ange portions H. In positioning a stud relatively to the supporting and positioning structure above described ‘the upper portion of a ?ange of the stud is slipped beneath one of the tongues l3 or one of the tongues 14 of the ceiling rail 3 so that such tongue substantially embraces " such ?ange, as shown in Figure e. In the illus trated embodiment the ?ange of the stud is embraced by ‘one of the tongues l3. If one of the tongues I4 should be employed for this purpose the stud would be reversed in position with the ?anges pointing in the opposite direction and the opposite ?ange would be slipped beneath one of the tongues It. By reason of the pro— vision of the outturned tips of the tongues the stud flange may be slipped thereunder either by generally longitudinal movement of the stud or by generally transverse movement of the stud and it is generally easier to position the upper portion of the stud by moving it generally side strength. In Figures 5 and 6 there is shown a modi?ed structure of floor rail and stud. This structure may be employed with a ceiling rail as above de scribed andshown in the drawing. The floor rail shown in Figures 5 and 6 and designated by reference numeral I8 is of generally channel shape with a series of tongues l9 struck up from the web thereof. The spacing of the tongues I9 is the same as that of the tongues of each of the upper and lower series in the ceiling rail. The upper portion of the stud is engaged with the ceiling rail in the same manner as above de scribed with respect to the structure shown in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive. The flanges 20 of the stud at the bottom thereof are bent inwardly to ward each other, and after the stud has been en gaged with the ‘ceiling rail it is lowered to sub stantially embrace one of the tongues IQ of the floor rail. The ?oor rail l8 has holes 2| for the reception of nails or other suitable fastening means to hold it in place. wise or transversely so that the stud flange is ‘ The studs are positioned at any desired inter embraced by one of the tongues [3 or M. 1 vals, it being apparent that the provision for When the upper portion of the stud is slipped spacing of the studs is very ?exible and that at under one of the tongues l3, as shown in Figure the time of erection of the wall the spacing may 4, the two tongues I4 lying generally ‘below and :35 be determined. The studs may be placed rela immediately adjacent such tongue l3 cooperate tively close together or far apart and they may with the stud to hold it in place. The outer ex be spaced regularly or irregularly. After the tremity of the ?ange of the stud abuts against studs are set in place metal lath and preferably one of such underlying tongues l4 and the other expanded metal lath as shown at 22 is fastened of such underlying tongues M has its outwardly iii) to the studs as by wires 23. If the structure is a bent tip-bearing against the back of the web of partition to be ?nished on both sides lath may be the stud as shown in Figure 3. The tongues are applied on both sides of the studs if desired or sufficiently resilient that they will spring slightly only a single lath sheet may be used and such to allow the stud to be introduced, and the stud sheet may be plastered on both‘ sides. If a single may also be inclined at a slight angle to the ver lath sheet is plastered on both sides the thickness tical to facilitate its connection with the ceiling of the plaster on the stud side will have to be great enough 'to cover the studs. The plaster is rail. shown at 24 in Figure 1. It is retained in place When the upper portion of the stud is being primarily by the expanded metal lath, although engaged with the tongues of the ceiling rail as above ‘described the lower portion of ‘the stud " it also keys to some extent with the ‘ceiling and ?oor rails through the openings at which the will ordinarily not be engaged with the tongues tongues are ‘formed and through the openings H of the ?oor rail but will simply lie adjacent the in the ceiling rail. web 4 of the ?oor rail, the stud being slightly While I have shown and described certain pres inclined to the plane of the wall. However, it would ordinarily be possible to engage both the 75 ent preferred embodiments of the invention it is 2,275,109 to be distinctly understood that the invention is 3 with the tongues in one row staggered relatively to those in another row and the tongues in each of said two rows extending generally longitudi not limited thereto but may be otherwise var iously embodied within the scope of the following claims. nally of the row so that at least one tongue in one I claim: 5 of said two rows and at least one tongue in the 1. A structural member having a generally other of said two rows are adapted cooperatively plane surface having projecting therefrom a plu to position another member relatively to the rality of rows of tongues each having a free end structural member. spaced from said surface to provide an open end 3. A structural member having projecting ed structural member receiving cavity with the 10 therefrom two rows of tongues each‘ having a tongues in one row staggered relatively to those free end spaced therefrom to provide an open in another row so that at least one tongue in one ended structural member receiving cavity with of said two rows and at least one tongue in the the tongues in each of said rows extending gen other of said two rows are adapted cooperatively erally longitudinally of the row so that at least to position another member relatively to the 15 one tongue in one of said rows and at least one structural member. ' tongue in the other of said rows are adapted '2. A structural member having projecting cooperatively to position another member rela therefrom a plurality of rows of tongues each tively to the structural member. having a free end spaced therefrom to provide an open ended structural member receiving cavity RICHARD T. McGEE.