Патент USA US2283426код для вставки
May 19, 1942. _1_ K_ CROTTS 2,283,426 HAIR CURLER . Filed March 4, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheer:l 2 gnwcnhyb :JAMES /í CFOTTS Patented May 19, 1942 2,283,426 U ETED STATES 2,283,426V HAIÍR CURLER James K. Crotts, Winston-Salem, N. C. ApplicationMarch 4, 1941, Serial No. 3815743 ’7 Claims. (Cl. 132-41) This invention relates to hair curlers, and has for one of its objects the production of a simple and eflicient hair curler which is so constructed as to firmly grip the hair between the clamping jaws, and which is provided with means for the form of the device shown in Figures 13 and tightly winding the hair about the clamping jaws and holding the hair in this wound position for the curler, shown in Figures 13 to'15. By referring to the drawings it will be seen that I5 designates the primary jaw to which is hingedlyV connected the secondary jaw I6 by 14 with the rotating element extended; Figure 16 is a perspective view of the rotating element shownin Figures 13 to 15; and Figure 17 is a View looking at the inner end of curling without the necessity of employing ad- ~ ditional fastening means to hold the curler in place. means of a journal pin Il mounted near one end. ' The jaw I5 is preferably circular in cross section and the jaw I6 is preferably semi-circular in cross section and is adapted to overlie the pri A further object of this invention is the pro duction of a simple and eflicient curler having a hair-engaging element rotatably mounted to cir cle about the hair clamping jaws in a manner to roll the hair upon the jaws and ñrmly hold the hair in this rolled position for curling with out requiring additional locking means, thereby providing an automatic retaining means for the curler. mary jaw I5 when in a closed position as shown in Figure 6. These jaws may preferably be formed of aluminum or. other suitable light weight material. The jaw l5 is provided with ' an angularly- extending ñnger-engaging lip I8 and the jaw I6 is provided with an angularly eX Other objects and advantages of the present 20 tending lip I9, the lips I8 and I9 diverging and being carried by the rear ends of the jaws-I5 invention will appear throughout the following and I6. ' specification and claims. In the drawings: A pair of spaced substantially V-shaped ñat` Y springs 2B are ñtted between the lipsv I8 and I9, the outer ends of the springs 2l) abutting against the inturned flanges 2i formed upon the respec tive ends of the lips I8 and I9. These springs 20 are adapted to spread the lips I8 and vI9 apart to hold the jaws in a yieldable closed position. Figure l is a side elevational view of the curler; Figure 2 is a top plan view; Y Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on line 3-3 of Figure 2; Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on line 4_4 of Figure 3; Figure 5 is an end elevational view looking at the outer opening end of the curler; 'Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 6_5 of Figure 3; - A rotatingelement preferably formed'from a wire strand is carried by the journal pin> I'I and is rotatably mounted therethrough, and this ro tating element comprises a journal shank 22 which is rotatably mounted through the journal pin -I‘I as above stated, the outer end also being rotatably mounted through a journal pin 23 mounted near the outer end of the primary jaw I5. The end of the shank 22 is bent laterally to provide astop 24 to limit the movement of the shank 22 in one directionthe shank 22 being also bent laterally beyond the journal pin I1 to provide an abutment shoulder 25. The abutment Y Figure '7 is a perspective view of one form of journal for supporting the rotating element; Figure 8 is a fragmentary side elevational view of one form of rotating element the journals be- ` ing shown in section; Figure 9 is a top plan view of the element A shown in Figure 8, the journals being shown in section; Figure 10 is a fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of rotating element and sup porting journal and end structure; shoulder A25 is adapted to limit the longitudinal movement of the shank V2l.’ in one direction and Cil the laterally bent end 24 is adapted to limit the longitudinal movement of the shank 22 `in the opposite direction. The shank 22vcarries a fin-_ Figure 12 is a perspective view of a further ger-engaging loop 2S at its rear end, which Yloop ype of closure spring for the clamping jaws; overlies the lip I3, as shown in Figures.v 1 and Figure 13 is a side elevational view, partly in 50 3, and may be lrotated about the lip I8. The loop section showing a modified form of the inven 26 carries a hair-engaging shank >or ringer 21 tion; which extends forwardly and overlies the jaw Figure 14 is a top plan view of the structure I6 when the parts are in the position shown in shown in Figure 13; Figures 1 and 3, andA this. hair-engaging finger Figure 15 is a longitudinal sectional View of or shank 21 is adapted to rotateabout the `jaws » Figure 11 is a perspective view of one type of closure spring for the clamping jaws; . 2 2,283,426 I5 and I6 for winding the hair about the jaws semi-circular and is adapted to overlie the pri I5 and I6.A mary jaw 35 in a manner similar to the form . The hair curler may be placed in position by shown in Figure 6. Each jaw 35 and 36 is pro pressing the lips I8 and I9 together by means vided with a rearwardly extending lip 38 having of the fingers of the operator and placing the 5 an inturned flange 39 at its outer end. The jaws hair between the jaws I5 and I6. The lips I8 35 and 36 diverge outwardly toward their outer and I9 may then be released and the springs 20 ends, as shown in Figures 13 and 15. A V-shaped will cause the jaws I 5 and I6 to firmly clamp the spring 40 ñts between the jaws 35 and 36 for nor hair therebetween, and the operator may then mally holding the jaws in spread-apart relation, grip the loop 26 between the lingers and by ro the ends of the spring 40 engaging the flanges 39 tating the loop 25 about the lips I8 and I9 the and being held in position thereby. shank or hair-engaging finger 2l when rotated A rotating element is carried by the jaws and in the direction indicated by the arrow in Figure comprises a shank portion 4I which extends . 6 will cause the hair to be wound about the jaws s through the apex of the spring 40 and is jour I5 and I6 in the manner shown in Figure ~6'. As 15 naled therein, as shown in Figure 15. The inner soon as this rotation is discontinued the shank end of the shank 4I carries a, spiral coil 42 having or ñnger 2l will hold the hair in a set wound po a-plurality of convolutions of a diameter to snug sition without the necessity of employing other fastening means, the position of the parts auto ly ñt in the tubular primary jaw 35, to brace the rotating member. A sharp right-angle bend 43 is 20 formed at the junction of the spiral coil 42 with ' Various means may be employed for holding the shank portion 4I to prevent the rotating the rotating element comprising the shank 22, member from being detached from the spring 40, the' loop 26 and shank or ñnger 21 in rotatable this bend 43 constituting a, stop to limit sliding engagement with the jaws I5 and I6, and the matically locking the curler in position. ' journal 23 may be replaced by a suitable journal 25 movement of the shank 4I in one direction. ’I‘he shank 4I is provided with a, finger-engaging loop plate 23a, shown in Figure '7. The shank 22u 44 which terminates in a hair-engaging loop or shown in Figures 8 and 9, which figures illustrate shank 45, in the nature of an overlying loop a modified type of shank, maybe held against snugly engaging the jaw 36 when in one position. longitudinal movement through the journals I‘Ia and 23D by means ofthe flattened portions 28 30 This shank 45 is adapted to ride upon the lip 38 of the jaw 36 when the finger-engaging loop 44 and 29. , As shown in Figure 10 the rotating member may be provided with a shank 22h having an is moved away from the jaws 35 and 36 to the position shown in Figure 15, thereby spacing the shank 45 away from the jaw 36. The outer end I'Ib, and the outer end of the shank 22h may be 35 of the loop or shank 45 is out-turned as shown at 46. provided with a laterally coiled terminal 3| to ' The spiral coil 42 serves to center the rotating rotate within the outer end of the jaw I 5a shown member within the tubular shank 35 and holds in dotted lines. the rotating member steady at the same time - As shown in Figure l2 the two spaced springs 26 may be replaced by a single spring 29a having 40 allowing the wire rotating member to be com pletely formed before extending the rotating an »aperture 32 through which the rotating shank member through the apex of the spring 40. 22e may extend, the shank 22e having an offset When assembling the device the jaws are riveted portion 25a beyond the spring 20a. together, the spring 44 is slipped over the shank In Figure 1l there is also shown a further mod ified form wherein a wire spring 33 may be uti 45 4I by threading the coil 42 through the aper tured apex of the spring 46 and the coil is slipped lized in place of the springs 20 if desired. When into the tubular primary jaw 35. 'I'he spring 40 the springs 26, as well as the spring 33, are used is then placed between the lips 38 in a position sufficient space -must'be provided to permit the rotation of the loop 26 of the rotating element _ to cause the ends of the spring 40 to abut against to freely move about the clamping jaws and the 50 the flanges 39. When the rotating member com prising the shank 4I and associated members is lips I8 and I9. drawn to the position shown in Figure 12, the From the foregoing description, it will be seen ends of the hair may be caught between the jaws that a very eii'ìcient hair curling device is pro 35 and 36.v The whole device is then rotated as vided in the nature of the hair clamping jaws which support a rotating element which is car 55 far as desired, winding the hair around the jaws and then the wire or rotating member is pushed ried by and anchored in engagement with the to the position shown in Figure 13 and then ro jaws in a manner whereby the rotating element ' tated until exactly the right amount of hair is may be rotated about the jaws when the jaws are wound upon the jaws where the curler may re in a clamped position, the rotating element hav ing a finger-engaging loop to facilitate the rota 60 main until it is desired to remove the curler from the hair. tion of the rotating element and also being pro When the hair is gripped between the jaws 35 vided with a hair-engaging finger or shank for and 36 should any short ends of hair project, winding the hair about the jaws. This structure and if rotated while in this position, there will also provides an automatic locking means for holding the parts in a set position as soon as ro 65 be a reverse bend put in the ends of the hair, but by leaving the wire pushed into the tube, as shown tating movement is discontinued, thereby avoid in Figure 13, and'rotating the wire in the direc ing the necessity of auxiliary or additional lock tion of the short ends and around the tube be ing means. offset portion 36 passing through the journal By considering Figures 13 to 17, it will be seen fore the hair is rolled upon the tube, the short that a form of curler is illustrated comprising a 70 ends of the hair will be rolled correctly and held until the tube is retained for a suiîicient time to tubular primary jaw 35, to which is hingedly con hold these loose ends under the rolled hair. The nected the secondary jaw 36 by means of oppo wire or shank 45 thereof may then be with sitely positioned hollow rivets or eyelets 31. The drawn out of the way and the rolling continued jaw 35 is perferably circular in cross-section and perforated, as shown. The jaw‘36 is preferably to the desired point. The shank 45 may then be Ye 2,283,426 rotation of the rotating element, means for limit ing `the longitudinal movement of the rotating pushed back in and rotatedv to the proper hold ing position. ‘element within the jaws, and guiding means formed at the end of the rotating element and rotatable within the jaws for bracing the outer end of the rotating element. 5. A hair curler of the class described compris ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed It should be understood that after the hair has been properly set the curler may be easily re moved without disturbing the set curl, and be cause of the structure of the curler the hair will be smoothed and tightened when wound upon the curler to properly set the curl. Certain detail changes in the structure may be jaws, a rotating element' carried by the jaws and employed without departing from the spirit of 10 having a hair-engaging ûnger mounted for ro tating movement about the jaws and adapted to the invention, so long as such changes fall with engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws, in the scope of the appended claims. Having described lthe invention, what is and being also adapted to automatically hold the device in a set position when rotation of the claimed as new is: rotating element is discontinued, said rotating 1. A hair curling device of the class described element having a iinger-engaging means ex comprising a plurality of clamping jaws hingedly tending beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate connected together, each jaw having a diverging the rotation of the rotating element, means for finger-engaging lip at one end, spring means car limiting the longitudinal movement of the rotat ried by the lips for spreading the lips apart and closing the jaws together, the outer ends of the 20 ing element within the jaws, guiding means formed at one end’of the rotating element and jaws having inturned ñanges to provide abut rotatable within the jaws for bracing the outer ments for said spring means, means for winding end of the rotating element, and said guiding hair about the jaws and for holding the hair `in means comprising a laterally coiled terminal. this wound position, said spring means having 6. A hair curler of the class described compris an aperture, and said last mentioned means 25 ing` a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and 2. A hair curler device of the class described having a hair-engaging finger mounted for ro comprising a pair of hingedly connected spring tating movement about the jaws and adapted to pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and having a hair-engaging finger mounted 30 engage hair and wind the hair about-the jaws, and being also adapted to automatically hold the for rotating movement about the jaws and adapt passing through said aperture. ' ed to engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws, and being also adapted to automatically device in a set position when rotation of the rotating element is discontinued, said rotating element having a finger-engaging means extend hold the device in a set position when rotation of the rotating element is discontinued, said ro 35 ing beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate the rotation oi the rotating element, means for limit ing the longitudinal movement of the rotating element within the jaws, guiding means formed at one end of the rotating element and rotatable the jaws, and said rotating element extending 40 within the jaws for bracing the outer end of the rotating element, said guiding means comprising substantially the full length of said jaws and a laterally coiled terminal composed of a plurality lying in close proximity to the jaws to frictionally of convolutions of a diameter to snugly ñt within hold the rotating element in a set position when one of the jaws to guide lthe rotating element in rotation is discontinued. tating element having a yieldable iinger-engag ing means extending beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate the rotation of the rotating element and yieldable under pressure of the opening of 3. A hair curler device-of the class described 45 its sliding movement. - ' '7. A hair curler of the class described compris- ` comprising a pairv of hingedly connected spring ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and jaws and having a hair-engaging finger mounted having a hair-engaging Viinger mounted for ro for rotating movement about the jaws and adapted to engage hair and wind the hair about 50 tating movement about the jaws and adapted to engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws, the jaws, and being also adapted to automatically hold the device in a set position when rotation of the rotating element is discontinued, said ro tating element having a finger-engaging means extending beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate 55 and being also adapted to automatically hold the device in a set position when rotation of the rotating element is discontinued, said rotating element having a finger-engaging means extend ing beyond lthe jaws at one end to facilitate the the rotation of the rotating element, journals rotation of the rotating element, the jaws being carried by said jaws, and means carried by the diverging lips, a V-shaped spring engaging the rotating element for limiting longitudinal move lips and normally holding the lips in spread ment of the rotating element through the jour nals while permitting rotatable movement Within 60 apart relation, said rotating element having a shank extending through the apex of the spring, the journals. an abutment shoulder formed at substantially 4. A hair curler of the class described compris right-angles to the shank to limit longitudinal ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and movement of the shank in one direction, one of having a hair-engaging finger mounted for ro 65 the jaws being circular in cross-section, and a tating movement about the jaws and adapted to spiral coil carried at one end of the shank, the coil comprising a plurality of convolutions of a engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws, and being also adapted to automatically hold the diameter to snugly ñt within one of the jaws ’ to guide the rotating element in its sliding move device in a set position when rotation of the , rotating element is discontinued, said rotating 70 ment. element having a finger-engaging means extend ing beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate the JAMES K. CROT'I'S.