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Патент USA US2283426

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May 19, 1942.
_1_ K_ CROTTS
2,283,426
HAIR CURLER .
Filed March 4, 1941
2 Sheets-Sheer:l 2
gnwcnhyb
:JAMES /í CFOTTS
Patented May 19, 1942
2,283,426
U ETED STATES
2,283,426V
HAIÍR CURLER
James K. Crotts, Winston-Salem, N. C.
ApplicationMarch 4, 1941, Serial No. 3815743
’7 Claims. (Cl. 132-41)
This invention relates to hair curlers, and has
for one of its objects the production of a simple
and eflicient hair curler which is so constructed
as to firmly grip the hair between the clamping
jaws, and which is provided with means for
the form of the device shown in Figures 13 and
tightly winding the hair about the clamping jaws
and holding the hair in this wound position for
the curler, shown in Figures 13 to'15.
By referring to the drawings it will be seen
that I5 designates the primary jaw to which is
hingedlyV connected the secondary jaw I6 by
14 with the rotating element extended;
Figure 16 is a perspective view of the rotating
element shownin Figures 13 to 15; and
Figure 17 is a View looking at the inner end of
curling without the necessity of employing ad- ~
ditional fastening means to hold the curler in
place.
means of a journal pin Il mounted near one end.
'
The jaw I5 is preferably circular in cross section
and the jaw I6 is preferably semi-circular in
cross section and is adapted to overlie the pri
A further object of this invention is the pro
duction of a simple and eflicient curler having a
hair-engaging element rotatably mounted to cir
cle about the hair clamping jaws in a manner
to roll the hair upon the jaws and ñrmly hold
the hair in this rolled position for curling with
out requiring additional locking means, thereby
providing an automatic retaining means for the
curler.
mary jaw I5 when in a closed position as shown
in Figure 6. These jaws may preferably be
formed of aluminum or. other suitable light
weight material. The jaw l5 is provided with
' an angularly- extending ñnger-engaging lip I8
and the jaw I6 is provided with an angularly eX
Other objects and advantages of the present 20 tending lip I9, the lips I8 and I9 diverging and
being carried by the rear ends of the jaws-I5
invention will appear throughout the following
and I6.
'
specification and claims.
In the drawings:
A pair of spaced substantially V-shaped ñat`
Y
springs 2B are ñtted between the lipsv I8 and I9,
the outer ends of the springs 2l) abutting against
the inturned flanges 2i formed upon the respec
tive ends of the lips I8 and I9. These springs 20
are adapted to spread the lips I8 and vI9 apart to
hold the jaws in a yieldable closed position.
Figure l is a side elevational view of the curler;
Figure 2 is a top plan view;
Y
Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken
on line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view taken
on line 4_4 of Figure 3;
Figure 5 is an end elevational view looking at
the outer opening end of the curler;
'Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on
line 6_5 of Figure 3;
-
A rotatingelement preferably formed'from a
wire strand is carried by the journal pin> I'I and
is rotatably mounted therethrough, and this ro
tating element comprises a journal shank 22
which is rotatably mounted through the journal
pin -I‘I as above stated, the outer end also being
rotatably mounted through a journal pin 23
mounted near the outer end of the primary jaw
I5. The end of the shank 22 is bent laterally to
provide astop 24 to limit the movement of the
shank 22 in one directionthe shank 22 being
also bent laterally beyond the journal pin I1 to
provide an abutment shoulder 25. The abutment
Y
Figure '7 is a perspective view of one form of
journal for supporting the rotating element;
Figure 8 is a fragmentary side elevational view
of one form of rotating element the journals be- `
ing shown in section;
Figure 9 is a top plan view of the element A
shown in Figure 8, the journals being shown in
section;
Figure 10 is a fragmentary perspective view
of a modified form of rotating element and sup
porting journal and end structure;
shoulder A25 is adapted to limit the longitudinal
movement of the shank V2l.’ in one direction and
Cil
the laterally bent end 24 is adapted to limit the
longitudinal movement of the shank 22 `in the
opposite direction. The shank 22vcarries a fin-_
Figure 12 is a perspective view of a further
ger-engaging loop 2S at its rear end, which Yloop
ype of closure spring for the clamping jaws;
overlies the lip I3, as shown in Figures.v 1 and
Figure 13 is a side elevational view, partly in 50 3, and may be lrotated about the lip I8. The loop
section showing a modified form of the inven
26 carries a hair-engaging shank >or ringer 21
tion;
which extends forwardly and overlies the jaw
Figure 14 is a top plan view of the structure
I6 when the parts are in the position shown in
shown in Figure 13;
Figures 1 and 3, andA this. hair-engaging finger
Figure 15 is a longitudinal sectional View of
or shank 21 is adapted to rotateabout the `jaws »
Figure 11 is a perspective view of one type of
closure spring for the clamping jaws;
.
2
2,283,426
I5 and I6 for winding the hair about the jaws
semi-circular and is adapted to overlie the pri
I5 and I6.A
mary jaw 35 in a manner similar to the form .
The hair curler may be placed in position by
shown in Figure 6. Each jaw 35 and 36 is pro
pressing the lips I8 and I9 together by means
vided with a rearwardly extending lip 38 having
of the fingers of the operator and placing the 5 an inturned flange 39 at its outer end. The jaws
hair between the jaws I5 and I6. The lips I8
35 and 36 diverge outwardly toward their outer
and I9 may then be released and the springs 20
ends, as shown in Figures 13 and 15. A V-shaped
will cause the jaws I 5 and I6 to firmly clamp the
spring 40 ñts between the jaws 35 and 36 for nor
hair therebetween, and the operator may then
mally holding the jaws in spread-apart relation,
grip the loop 26 between the lingers and by ro
the ends of the spring 40 engaging the flanges 39
tating the loop 25 about the lips I8 and I9 the
and being held in position thereby.
shank or hair-engaging finger 2l when rotated
A rotating element is carried by the jaws and
in the direction indicated by the arrow in Figure
comprises a shank portion 4I which extends
. 6 will cause the hair to be wound about the jaws
s through the apex of the spring 40 and is jour
I5 and I6 in the manner shown in Figure ~6'. As 15 naled therein, as shown in Figure 15. The inner
soon as this rotation is discontinued the shank
end of the shank 4I carries a, spiral coil 42 having
or ñnger 2l will hold the hair in a set wound po
a-plurality of convolutions of a diameter to snug
sition without the necessity of employing other
fastening means, the position of the parts auto
ly ñt in the tubular primary jaw 35, to brace the
rotating member. A sharp right-angle bend 43 is
20 formed at the junction of the spiral coil 42 with
' Various means may be employed for holding
the shank portion 4I to prevent the rotating
the rotating element comprising the shank 22,
member from being detached from the spring 40,
the' loop 26 and shank or ñnger 21 in rotatable
this bend 43 constituting a, stop to limit sliding
engagement with the jaws I5 and I6, and the
matically locking the curler in position.
'
journal 23 may be replaced by a suitable journal 25 movement of the shank 4I in one direction. ’I‘he
shank 4I is provided with a, finger-engaging loop
plate 23a, shown in Figure '7. The shank 22u
44 which terminates in a hair-engaging loop or
shown in Figures 8 and 9, which figures illustrate
shank 45, in the nature of an overlying loop
a modified type of shank, maybe held against
snugly engaging the jaw 36 when in one position.
longitudinal movement through the journals I‘Ia
and 23D by means ofthe flattened portions 28 30 This shank 45 is adapted to ride upon the lip 38
of the jaw 36 when the finger-engaging loop 44
and 29.
, As shown in Figure 10 the rotating member
may be provided with a shank 22h having an
is moved away from the jaws 35 and 36 to the
position shown in Figure 15, thereby spacing the
shank 45 away from the jaw 36. The outer end
I'Ib, and the outer end of the shank 22h may be 35 of the loop or shank 45 is out-turned as shown
at 46.
provided with a laterally coiled terminal 3| to
' The spiral coil 42 serves to center the rotating
rotate within the outer end of the jaw I 5a shown
member within the tubular shank 35 and holds
in dotted lines.
the rotating member steady at the same time
- As shown in Figure l2 the two spaced springs
26 may be replaced by a single spring 29a having 40 allowing the wire rotating member to be com
pletely formed before extending the rotating
an »aperture 32 through which the rotating shank
member through the apex of the spring 40.
22e may extend, the shank 22e having an offset
When assembling the device the jaws are riveted
portion 25a beyond the spring 20a.
together, the spring 44 is slipped over the shank
In Figure 1l there is also shown a further mod
ified form wherein a wire spring 33 may be uti 45 4I by threading the coil 42 through the aper
tured apex of the spring 46 and the coil is slipped
lized in place of the springs 20 if desired. When
into the tubular primary jaw 35. 'I'he spring 40
the springs 26, as well as the spring 33, are used
is then placed between the lips 38 in a position
sufficient space -must'be provided to permit the
rotation of the loop 26 of the rotating element _ to cause the ends of the spring 40 to abut against
to freely move about the clamping jaws and the 50 the flanges 39. When the rotating member com
prising the shank 4I and associated members is
lips I8 and I9.
drawn to the position shown in Figure 12, the
From the foregoing description, it will be seen
ends of the hair may be caught between the jaws
that a very eii'ìcient hair curling device is pro
35 and 36.v The whole device is then rotated as
vided in the nature of the hair clamping jaws
which support a rotating element which is car 55 far as desired, winding the hair around the jaws
and then the wire or rotating member is pushed
ried by and anchored in engagement with the
to the position shown in Figure 13 and then ro
jaws in a manner whereby the rotating element
' tated until exactly the right amount of hair is
may be rotated about the jaws when the jaws are
wound upon the jaws where the curler may re
in a clamped position, the rotating element hav
ing a finger-engaging loop to facilitate the rota 60 main until it is desired to remove the curler from
the hair.
tion of the rotating element and also being pro
When the hair is gripped between the jaws 35
vided with a hair-engaging finger or shank for
and 36 should any short ends of hair project,
winding the hair about the jaws. This structure
and if rotated while in this position, there will
also provides an automatic locking means for
holding the parts in a set position as soon as ro 65 be a reverse bend put in the ends of the hair, but
by leaving the wire pushed into the tube, as shown
tating movement is discontinued, thereby avoid
in Figure 13, and'rotating the wire in the direc
ing the necessity of auxiliary or additional lock
tion of the short ends and around the tube be
ing means.
offset portion 36 passing through the journal
By considering Figures 13 to 17, it will be seen
fore the hair is rolled upon the tube, the short
that a form of curler is illustrated comprising a 70 ends of the hair will be rolled correctly and held
until the tube is retained for a suiîicient time to
tubular primary jaw 35, to which is hingedly con
hold these loose ends under the rolled hair. The
nected the secondary jaw 36 by means of oppo
wire or shank 45 thereof may then be with
sitely positioned hollow rivets or eyelets 31. The
drawn out of the way and the rolling continued
jaw 35 is perferably circular in cross-section and
perforated, as shown. The jaw‘36 is preferably
to the desired point. The shank 45 may then be
Ye
2,283,426
rotation of the rotating element, means for limit
ing `the longitudinal movement of the rotating
pushed back in and rotatedv to the proper hold
ing position.
‘element within the jaws, and guiding means
formed at the end of the rotating element and
rotatable within the jaws for bracing the outer
end of the rotating element.
5. A hair curler of the class described compris
ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed
It should be understood that after the hair has
been properly set the curler may be easily re
moved without disturbing the set curl, and be
cause of the structure of the curler the hair will
be smoothed and tightened when wound upon the
curler to properly set the curl.
Certain detail changes in the structure may be
jaws, a rotating element' carried by the jaws and
employed without departing from the spirit of 10 having a hair-engaging ûnger mounted for ro
tating movement about the jaws and adapted to
the invention, so long as such changes fall with
engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws,
in the scope of the appended claims.
Having described lthe invention, what is
and being also adapted to automatically hold the
device in a set position when rotation of the
claimed as new is:
rotating element is discontinued, said rotating
1. A hair curling device of the class described
element having a iinger-engaging means ex
comprising a plurality of clamping jaws hingedly
tending
beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate
connected together, each jaw having a diverging
the rotation of the rotating element, means for
finger-engaging lip at one end, spring means car
limiting the longitudinal movement of the rotat
ried by the lips for spreading the lips apart and
closing the jaws together, the outer ends of the 20 ing element within the jaws, guiding means
formed at one end’of the rotating element and
jaws having inturned ñanges to provide abut
rotatable within the jaws for bracing the outer
ments for said spring means, means for winding
end of the rotating element, and said guiding
hair about the jaws and for holding the hair `in
means comprising a laterally coiled terminal.
this wound position, said spring means having
6. A hair curler of the class described compris
an aperture, and said last mentioned means
25
ing` a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed
jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and
2. A hair curler device of the class described
having a hair-engaging finger mounted for ro
comprising a pair of hingedly connected spring
tating movement about the jaws and adapted to
pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the
jaws and having a hair-engaging finger mounted 30 engage hair and wind the hair about-the jaws,
and being also adapted to automatically hold the
for rotating movement about the jaws and adapt
passing through said aperture.
'
ed to engage hair and wind the hair about the
jaws, and being also adapted to automatically
device in a set position when rotation of the
rotating element is discontinued, said rotating
element having a finger-engaging means extend
hold the device in a set position when rotation
of the rotating element is discontinued, said ro 35 ing beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate the
rotation oi the rotating element, means for limit
ing the longitudinal movement of the rotating
element within the jaws, guiding means formed
at one end of the rotating element and rotatable
the jaws, and said rotating element extending 40 within the jaws for bracing the outer end of the
rotating element, said guiding means comprising
substantially the full length of said jaws and
a laterally coiled terminal composed of a plurality
lying in close proximity to the jaws to frictionally
of convolutions of a diameter to snugly ñt within
hold the rotating element in a set position when
one of the jaws to guide lthe rotating element in
rotation is discontinued.
tating element having a yieldable iinger-engag
ing means extending beyond the jaws at one end
to facilitate the rotation of the rotating element
and yieldable under pressure of the opening of
3. A hair curler device-of the class described 45
its sliding movement.
-
'
'7. A hair curler of the class described compris- `
comprising a pairv of hingedly connected spring
ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed
pressed jaws, a rotating element carried by the
jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and
jaws and having a hair-engaging finger mounted
having
a hair-engaging Viinger mounted for ro
for rotating movement about the jaws and
adapted to engage hair and wind the hair about 50 tating movement about the jaws and adapted to
engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws,
the jaws, and being also adapted to automatically
hold the device in a set position when rotation
of the rotating element is discontinued, said ro
tating element having a finger-engaging means
extending beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate 55
and being also adapted to automatically hold the
device in a set position when rotation of the
rotating element is discontinued, said rotating
element having a finger-engaging means extend
ing beyond lthe jaws at one end to facilitate the
the rotation of the rotating element, journals
rotation of the rotating element, the jaws being
carried by said jaws, and means carried by the
diverging lips, a V-shaped spring engaging the
rotating element for limiting longitudinal move
lips and normally holding the lips in spread
ment of the rotating element through the jour
nals while permitting rotatable movement Within 60 apart relation, said rotating element having a
shank extending through the apex of the spring,
the journals.
an abutment shoulder formed at substantially
4. A hair curler of the class described compris
right-angles to the shank to limit longitudinal
ing a pair of hingedly connected spring-pressed
jaws, a rotating element carried by the jaws and
movement of the shank in one direction, one of
having a hair-engaging finger mounted for ro 65 the jaws being circular in cross-section, and a
tating movement about the jaws and adapted to
spiral coil carried at one end of the shank, the
coil comprising a plurality of convolutions of a
engage hair and wind the hair about the jaws,
and being also adapted to automatically hold the
diameter to snugly ñt within one of the jaws ’
to guide the rotating element in its sliding move
device in a set position when rotation of the
,
rotating element is discontinued, said rotating 70 ment.
element having a finger-engaging means extend
ing beyond the jaws at one end to facilitate the
JAMES K. CROT'I'S.
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