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Патент USA US2355542

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G. A. LOFTIN '
2,355,542
HINGE
Filed Feb. 24, 1942'
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I
Patented Aug. 8, 1944
‘2,355,542
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE"
HINGE ,
Grady A. Loftin, Altavista, Va., assignor to The
Lane Company, Inc.,, "Altavista, Va., a corpora
tion of Virginia
Application February 24, 1942, Serial No. 432,133
3 Claims.
(Cl. 16-163)
This invention is a hinge for the cover of a
cedar chest or the like.
fully raised and portions of the end walls of the
chest body and cover broken away to reveal the
An object of the invention is to provide a hinge
structure made of or adapted to be made of wood
or material other than metal. Such a hinge is
hinge, and
Fig. 4 is an end view of a chest similar to that
of Fig. 2 in which the locking means shown in
Figs. 1, 2 and 3 and to be described hereinafter
is omitted.
useful in a cedar chest where the use of metal is
apt to give rise to dif?culties due to the formation
of gummy deposits on the metal. A hinge which
may be made of wood is of advantage also when
metal is expensive or not available.
A further object of the invention is to provide
a hinge which will not become entangled with or
pinch or tear cloth or garments contained in the
chest.
A still further object of the invention is to pro
vide a hinge which, when the cover is raised, will
Referring to the drawing, I is the body and
1.0,
2 the cover of a chest, such as a cedar chest, hav
ing the common type of cover comprising a ?at
top wall 3 and depending ?anges 4 forming a
cover of some depth, say several inches.
Such a
cover, if hinged so as to pivot about its lowermost
rear edge would. when raised, extend backwardlyof the rear wall of the chest and thus give rise
to some inconvenience in that either the chest
cannot be set tightly against the wall or must
be moved forward. a few inches when the cover
is raised.
move it forwardly so that its top surface may be
flush with or even forwardly of the rear wall of
the chest in combination with means for holding
the rear edge of the cover securely to the body 20 The hinge comprises the two link members 5
of the chest when the lid is closed.
and 6, the lower or front ends of which are piv
Hinges of the type of that of the present in
oted in a bearing element 1 comprising a pair
vention, i. e. comprising two link members each
of similar plates 8 and '9 which are appropriately
pivoted to the body and cover of a chest in such
spaced apart by a spacer member Hl. Bearing
a way as to permit the cover to be raised to ver ,25 element 1 may have any desired outer contour
tical position and to move forwardly to a position
and as will be vapparent may ‘cover the entire end
in which the top of the cover is flush with the
of the chest, but in the form shown is substan
rear wall of the chest, are known. Such hinges
tially triangular, all surplus material beyond an
as have been produced in the past have, how
outline embracing the paths of movement of the
ever, had one or more of several faults especially 30 link ‘members 5 and 6 being cut away. The upper
for use in cedar chests.
They have been made
of metal which, as stated, is likely to accumulate
straight edge of bearing element 1 preferably is
?ush with the upper edge of the chest body I
gummy deposits from the cedar aroma laden at
excepting for a portion at ‘the rear which is
mosphere of the cedar chest, and this gummy
cut away to provide a space to receive the lower
material may be transferred to and damage gar 35 end of the bearing element II. It will be ob
ments stored in the chest. The moving parts of
served that bearing elements 1 and H ?t to
the hinge usually are exposed to the interior of
gether quite closely ‘when the chest is closed.
the chest and may come in contact with and tear
The spacer member Ill is designed to occupy
or pinch garments stored in the chest. Such
substantially all of the area between plates 8 and
hinges provide a more or less loose or ?exible cou 4.0 9 excepting that occupied by the link members
pling between the cover and the chest body and
5 vand 6. Plates 8 and 9 may extend beyond the
fail to hold the cover in accurate alignment and
paths ‘of link members 5 and 6 only far enough
tightly ‘in contact with the body of. the chest
to provide a su?i’cient area for spacer member ID
when the cover is closed.
to give a solid structure.
A hinge in accordance with the present inven 45
Bearing element H comprises the two plates l2
tion is illustrated in the accompanying draw
and i3 and the spacer member M, the latter oc
ing, in which,
cupying only the area between plates I2 and I3
' Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the left hand end
not occupied by the upper or rear ends of the link
of a chest with the cover partly raised showing
members 5 and -6. Link members 5 and 6 are
the ‘position of the hinge and some of the fea 50 pivoted in, that is, between the free ends of plates
tures of its construction,
_
vliland l3.
Fig. 2 is an end view of a chest with the cover
» The above described hinge assembly, i. e., bear
closed and parts of the end walls of the chest
body and cover broken away to reveal the hinge,
ing elements 1 and H and link members 5 and 6
may be manufactured separately for incorpora
Fig. 3 is an end view of a chest with the cover
tion as a unit into any. chest by means of screws
2
2,355,542
be embodied in a variety of modi?cations of the
or the like, as illustrated. No general rule can be
speci?c structure described. For instance, the
equivalent of the bearing member ‘I could be in
corporated into the wall of the chest body, for
example by cutting a groove of the proper shape
in said wall or by building the wall of layers cor
responding to plates 8 and 9 and the spacer
member I0. In the same way the bearing element
II might be constructed as an integral part of
tion. The link members 5 and 6 may be so 10 the end of cover 2 and even the ?nger I8 might
be constructed as an integral part of the end of
proportioned and pivoted as to cause the cover,
the cover or as an integral part of the bearing
in raised position, to stand ?ush with the back
element I I. Or plates 8' and I2 might be omitted
of the chest or either in front or to the rear of
and the remainder of bearing elements ‘I and II
this position. It will be observed that in Fig. 3
the cover sits slightly in frontof the rear wall 15 simply ?tted against the end of the body and
the end of the cover respectively. The end of the
of the chest.
body and of the cover, if of su?‘icient thickness,
It is, of course, desirable to so proportion the
might be provided with surface recesses to receive
link members 5 and 6 and to 50 position their
the bearing members 'I and II.
pivot points that the cover in closed position is
In view of the foregoing it will be understood
held tightly against the top edge of the chest 20
that the essence of the invention resides in the
body. In this connection it is noted that a hinge
two link members 5 and 6 made of wood or the
of this type is not well adapted to holding the
like and means for pivotally attaching them to
cover ?rmly and rigidly in closed position. Link
the body and cover, respectively, of a chest or
member 5 is substantially horizontal when the
cover is closed and therefore can exert no down 25 the like so that in the closed position of the cover
the link members are completely covered and will
ward pull on the cover, and link member 6 is
not come in contact with articles within the chest.‘
at such an angle (about 30° to the horizontal)
Speci?cally, the invention is a hinge unit made
that it also fails to prevent some slight vertical
entirely of wood and consisting of the two link
movement. This movement is apt to become
members 5 and 6 and the two bearing elements ‘I
considerable as the pivots of the link members
and II, the latter serving to pivotally attach the
wear and loosen and to defeat an important pur
links to the body and cover of the chest and being
pose of a cedar chest, i. e., tightness, which is
so designed and shaped that in the closed posi
necessary to exclude dust and insects and to re
given for determining the relative sizes of the
parts. In the speci?c embodiment illustrated,
the relative lengths of link members 5 and 6 is
about 5 to 4. It will be understood, however,
that the lengths of the link members 5 and 6
and their relative lengths may vary and the
pivot points of the ends thereof may be moved
considerably without departing from my inven
tion of the cover the link members are complete
tain cedar aroma. It will be observed that the
cover of the chest is provided with a resilient 35 ly enclosed by the bearing elements and the hold
ing lug II in combination with a chest provided‘
sealing strip I5 which may be made of metal or
with the cooperating socket I8.
‘
wood and that to be effective this strip should be
I claim:
'
'
?exed somewhat by the downward pressure of
1. A hinge adapted to secure the cover to the
the cover against the body of the chest. The
front edge of the cover may be held down ?rmly 40 body of a. cedar chest or the like receptacle and
to be exposed to the interior thereof comprising
against the body so as to compress the sealing
a ?rst bearing member formed of two spaced
strip by a suitable latching means or lock (not
apart parallel non-metallic plates, said bearing‘
shown), but I have found it to be necessary to
member being adapted to be secured to an end
provide some means for holding the rear of the
cover tightly to the body of the chest against the 45 wall of the body of the receptacle, a second bear
tension of the sealing strip and to this end I
have provided the latch member I6 which is suit
ably attached to the bearing element II and has
a curved rearwardly projecting lug I‘! which ?ts
into an opening or socket I8 in the rear wall of
the chest body which serves as a keeper. The
ing member formed of two spaced apart parallel
non-metallic plates, said second bearing member
being adapted to be secured to the end wall of
a
the cover of the receptacle, and two non-metallic
link members an end of each of which is pivot
ally secured to each of said bearing members
is so designed that it will enter the socket I8 re
between the non-metallic plates thereof, said
second bearing member being adapted to project
gardless of such variation of the position of the
across the line of contact of the body and cover
latching member I6, and particularly the lug I1,
and said ?rst bearing member being recessed to
receive the‘ projecting end of said second bear
ing member and the ends of said link members
secured to said second bearing member being se
so that as the cover approaches and reaches
cured to said projecting end so that said link
closed position it will be drawn ?rmly down
against the sealing strip I5.
60 members lie wholly below said line of contact:
in closed position.
It will be appreciated that there are two units
2. A hinge as de?ned in claim 1 in which the
of the hinge mechanism described and illustrated
second bearing member carries a latching mem
in each chest, i. e., one at each rear corner.
ber adapted to engage a keeper carried by the
is to be observed that the hinge mechanism
rear wall of the body of the receptacle when the
does not present any sharp edges or corners to
hinge is in its closed position, said latching mem
the interior of the chest and that the link mem
ber and keeper being adapted to hold a flexible
bers 5 and 5 are well covered and protected by
sealing strip compressed between the body and
the plates 9 and I3 so that they are not likely
cover of the receptacle when the cover of the
to catch and tear garments placed in the chest
and so that when the cover 2 is closed the hear 70 receptacle is closed.
3. A hinge as de?ned in claim 1 in which bothv
ing elements ‘I and II present a substantially
plates of each bearing member are integral with
continuous smooth surface to the interior of the
the end wall of the body and the end wall of the
chest.
cover, respectively, of the receptacle.
'
It will be apparent upon consideration that the
GRADY A. LOFTIN.
principles of the invention described above may 75
cover 2 as may occur due to looseness and ?exi
bility of the link members 5 and 6 but will have a
cam action with respect to the: wall of the socket
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