Патент USA US2360609код для вставки
Oct. 17, 1944. G. w. LANE 2,360,609 CLOTH MEASURING AND TUBING MACHINE D Original Filed Sept. 11., 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet l P1 N . N .n â ’s [I __ S, s, gq* “ï _ N ‘5* 3i g; u to v m Lf» . Q Q LUN Si :n ‘0 N ff' N HIE a n :o f8 :ä â? ä ä r-l s . “7d ,e wir] 07 gli N „ N H ‘fà IN N5 ~. INVENTOR,' âwrge MÍL ane, ATTORNEY. ' Oct. 17, 1944. G.,w. LANE ~ 2,360,609 CLOTH MEASURI-NG AND TUBING MACHINE original [email protected] sept. 11, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 - INVENTORI Ó'eorga l/L/L lane, Patented Oct. 17, 1944 2,350,09 , UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,360,609 CLOTH MEASUÉING AND TUBING MACHINE _ George W. Lane, Clifton, N. J., assignor to Van Vlaanderen Machine Co.„Paterson, N. J., a corporation of New Jersey Original application September 11, 1942, Serial No. 457,985. Divided and this application Jan uary 22, 1944, Serial No. 519,355 6 Claims. .(Cl. 242-55) ject to friction resistance) during the winding, This application is a division of my application for patent for cloth measuring and tubing ma » should be rchecked instantly when the drum is stopped by stopping the motor, else the fabric chine Serial No. 457,985, filed September 11, 1942, The invention relates to machines for winding would overrun. Hence, my invention further contemplates control means so devised that, When moved in one direction, it will stop the fabric on successive cores, particularly Vin the state for delivery to the selling trade, for which purpose it is desired that, the lengths of the fabrics in the different wound masses being the ' motor and brake said core and, when moved in ` the opposite direction, it will start the motor and same, all the masses shall be wound so as nearly 10 as possible to have the same density. For this purpose the machine ofthis invention contemplates presence therein, with> a rotary drum around which the fabric is to extend and release the core. In the drawings, Y ~ Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the improved ma chine, partly broken away; f ' Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof with a part of the near standard broken away; means to hold the fabric in contact with and against slippage relatively to its periphery, and 15 `Fig. 3 shows the winding means mainly in With a rotary core on which to wind the fabric, means by which to drive the core from the drum longitudinal section; ' on the core tends to rotate at a constantly in 'and viewed the same as in that figure. Fig. 4'is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3; Fig. 5 shows the electric circuit; and through slip-friction which is capable of being Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of parts Which in varied manually by the attendant. Thereby, though as the wound fabric mass being formed 20 clude the clutch-member 4I appearing in Fig. 1 creasing peripheral speed, with attendant in crease in tension on the fabric and increasey in density of the wound mass, the operator may from time to time, by adjustment of the men tioned-slip-friction core-driving means, compen sate for such tendency so as to attain tension which during each operation will as nearly as possible approximate constancy and a state of density which in a succession of the wound masses will be substantially uniform. In carry ing out my invention I have constructed the machine specifically as follows: The drum has its axis horizontal and the fabric, being delivered from below the drum, extends over the drum and then down under a vfreely rotative roll parallel with the drum (and which affords in part the means to hold the fabric in contact with and against slippage relatively to the drum’s periph The frame includes two standards I connected by bars 2. What Il term a carrier-rack is var ranged to slide from> one toward the other stand 25 ard Vand comprises a rail 3 connecting a pair of ` uprights 4 also connected by a bar 4a, This rail has vrunners 3a which rest on rollers la jour naled in the standards, the left-hand one being toothed to form a rack and the corresponding 30 roller existing as a pinion engaged with such rack and having a hand-wheel Ib whereby manually Vto shift the carrier-rackV laterally so that the selvages of the fabric may be lined up by the operator with the ends of the wound mass being 35 formed. So much is the usual construction. The ' carrier-rack is supported in upright position by having the upper ends' of its uprights engaged with a shaft 2| to be referred to, said uprights having open bearings 5 to receive the shaft 6 of ery) and then up to the core, which is also par 40 a beam or core 'l on which the supply-mass of allel with the drum; the drum, being suitably driven, drives the core through a‘transmission including a clutch comprising coaxial clutch members whose axis is also parallel with the drum and one of which is driven by the drum and the other of which drives the clutch; and ' y the manual adjustment of the clutch is effected by a clamping means including a screw axially related to the two clutch members and having a manually operated nut. Thereby, the nut being ‘ positioned in appropriate proximity to the drum, the attendant can test the tension of the fabric at any time by one hand and effect whatever adjustment of the nut may be necessary by his j other hand. . fabric a is wound. In the left-hand standard is journaled the axial portion 8 of a pair of peripherally grooved drums 9 and Il), the rotary element thus formed constituting a support for and having a socket 8a to receive the adjoining squared end of the shaft 6, whereby such support forms a chuck - confined to rotate with the beam 1. Fixed studs Il, one below and the other above said element, project from the frame and to the lower one of these a band or strap I2 is connected, the upper terminal of the band penetrating the other stud and being threaded and having a nut i3 for ' tightening the band, which, between the studs, bears against the periphery of the drum 9. Thus a brake is formed which, on adjustment of the nut, opposes some constant frictional resistance to rotation of the beam and hence the delivery ‘ of the fabric wound thereon, A pair of> semi fabric wound on a core or beam. This core, while more or less free to turn (though preferably sub co circular brake-shoes i4 pivoted to upper stud Il The machine will usually be driven by a motor having means to start and stop the same and the fabric-supply will usually be a mass of the 2 2,360,609 engage’the periphery of the drum ||). Pivoted to the lower end of the rearward brake-shoe is a rearwardly projecting lever I5 and penetrating 4| :journaled in the `standard and having a clutch-diski'42 fast thereto. A sprocket-disk 43 is rotative on clutch member 4| and between the a boss |5a pivoted in the enlarged lower endQof ' , îdisks 42-43 and fast to one of them is a felt the other brake-shoe is a rod-like lever IE whose -or .the like friction-disk M. A shaft 45 penc other end is threaded and has a'thumb-screw ‘ltrates‘the ‘clutch member 4| axially, having a |'| to bear against the boss. The rear ends of nut 46 formed with a hand-wheel 46a, and the two levers are connected toa link AISH, yin turn ‘ïrscrewed y,on its -outer end and abutting said connected with the plunger or actuated element llstandardandr'ai‘head (here in the form of a nut I 9 of a solenoid 2|] or equivalent electrically ener- V'510 ’4'1fon' its inner end), and between such head gized means. In short, there is -a twin-.clutch and-.disk vr43 'is a spring 48; by turning the nut the drum 9 of which (and hence ‘the‘beamf'l'l is »AS1-the ‘driven‘member (sprocket disk 43) of the subject to constant resistance to rotationfjan‘li :clutchl thusr‘formed is gripped more or less tightthe drum l0 of which is subject to resistance to ly Vby the driving member 4| with its indicated rotation only on “<call.” 5 'f means for clamping the driven clutch-member. Ata suitable elevation‘above and somewhat »43ans a »sprocket-chain engaged with >the rearward ’of the beam 21 there is journa'led'in sprocketfdisk..43-on Athe driven clutch-member the 'frame the shaft 2| of a measuring drum ~22. l.and also with.a~sprocket-wheel~49 on the part `The_fabric is to extend over and well around -~3|la- of the active chuck »for :driving core b. "this drum, .as back of it and then down --and ¿120 '.50 .isaa 'clock contained in housing 32 and under an idle’roll ‘23 forward of the drum and »geared A`in «some way (not shown) with the >journaled vin the frame, then back and forth »measuring drum shaft 2|. '.around guide-bars -24l supported in suitable «..On «the >forward bar `2 may be fulcrumed-a brackets 25 and then to the core b` onto which -«treadle».5| whoseforward end may bevnormally the fabric is finally wound for'delivery‘to‘theçj25 >held elevated, asby a springA 52 (Fig. l) . lWhen customer. In the upper part of the carrier-'rack .the-„treadle `is `depressed it closes themotor cir a pressure roll 22a (Fig. 2) is ‘journaled 'and «cuit..53 and opens the solenoid circuit V54 »and under the pressure of~springsf22b holds/the fab «whenin its normal :state it »maintains >the motor ric pressed againstthe drum. ...circuit open -and the solenoidcircuit closed; .the lThe‘core b is a pasteboard»cylindrical'tube'one.»,¿30 `treadle vthus forms .a circuit-closer. end of which is to be engaged with an idle chuck 26 journaled in .a bracket v2`| ycarried by ‘the guide-bars. Its other end is .to be engaged with .an active-'chuckfullyset forth in my~applica- .Assume Athat the core b-is heldfbetweenithe Atwo chucks, 4with the .upper end of .the fabric wrappedaroundthe core sufliciently tightly »so lthatvwhenrrotation of the core is now started `tion‘Serial 'No.«457,986 andwhichfor the? present .-351the-wrapping will continue; to .take up slack in purpose may îbe describedas follows: -A socket the y»fabric vthe operator may vturn the socket member 23 -(here :the driving r`member l.of‘the membenbya hand-wheel` 30h von part 30,.it-bechuck) ~having~afsocket proper-28a has an ‘a-xial .ing .assumed that in entering the core to vthe .spindle (29 received «in the axial 'bore `of «and A--socketfmember its end is somewhatideformed _splined‘at'29a-to a rotary tubular member ‘here „t0 andA thus:.gripped thereby. The treadle is now ‘formed in 'two jparts v3|) A»and »3Ua'journaled1by depressed .Y and the motor drives the measuring Vball-bearings 3| »in-a housingv 32 carrie'd by one -drumzthrough ,the Ypart of »the transmission con Aof-the «standards |,. 33 being -a spring between >`necting Athemand.the,measuring drum’ drives Vthe‘left-handend'of the `spindle andthe closed - the. chuck and henceithe core through that part *end'of the :shaft-bore. Both the idle chuck'and »l5 ».ofthe transmission which connects them. .The Vthe felement Yformed by parts A3|l--30a .are «of depressing ,ofthe >treadle leaves >the delivery` core -course conñned by the supporting structure .'Irsubiectto .the adjustable .braking action of against vdisplacement -apart, n-as shown. (The the.means..9----|2, wherebyoverrunning of such housingf32‘may be formed'open at the topto core .-,is prevented, »but .such .depression de-ener admit -a clock »15B to be referred-to.) AFree toVv 50 .gizes .thesolenoidso that v.the«braking effect of turnin -the 'socketvon astud coaxial therewith ,the.members |4.becomes.inactive. The winding is »a /tapered-plug‘memberßâ (here the driven `of lthefabric onl core b'therefore proceeds; dur `member'of the chuck). The socket #proper .fand >ing`,the winding slippage of clutch-member '43 `plugfmemberfare both ellipticalin cross-section occurs relatively to clutch-member 4|, such be and of «such dimensions that each may rotate V55 ing necessarylsince thefabric vis kept advancing completely independently of the Y other except .at :constant speed by the measuring drum when the end of the core is introduced-'intdthe slot»36 between them in >which case, if the socket (against Whose periphery itisfirmly held against slippage bythe .means 22a and 23) whereas the member is’turned while the ,plug-members rota .massrbeing fwound increases indiameter and so .tion'is resisted, as bythe fabric, -the -lobesor 60 A.tendsto increase the peripheral speed. By ad humps35a ofthe plug 'member will coactwith ».justing .the,.pressure exerted on clutch-member whatfare in »eiîect humps at y2&1- of the socket :43 .(to w-it,«.by fhand-wheel 45) the operator can ~ member >to clamp the^core~end~between them. „determine the density .of ,the wound mass being Theactive chuck being at rest,-the'end of the Iformed. `When the winding is completed »the - core (tilted) is entered thereto and the core -65 treadle..is -allowed to rise, which cuts out the lmanipulated -to «displace «the :parts »28-29-'34 .motonbut'energizes vthe solenoid, whereby the ' against the tensionoffthe spring -until the other end' of the core can be alinedwith theidle chuck. _ rotation y. of` the». fabric supply .is checked. When .the winding vhas been >completedfon any core b 4When the socket member ' of the active - chuck the fabric liscut .to permit removal of the wound v.isnow rotated'thecore .will be-now "rotated by 70 mass and substitution of an empty core. the- active chuck. .Thespringis'present not only to permit ready .A motor 31, supportedby the left-hand stand „entry of the core. to Yand/its removal from the ard, has its shaft `38 connected by a :sprocket .two .chucks butto maintain the distortion of the and-chaindrive 39with the shaft 2| of drum :22. core end and hence displacementv of a part .or By gearing40 Ishaft2| drives 4a clutchmember l75 .parts vthereof within the range of a hump or 2,360,609 humps of the driving member of the active chuck in the case Where, as here, the part of the driven member which is in telescoped relation to said core end is tapered lengthwise thereof. Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim is: ' 1. In combination, supporting structure, a ro tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the fabric being Wound in contact With and against 3 and means to transmit rotation from the drum to the chuck including a rotary driving clutch member journaled in said structure, a driven clutch member coaxial and in frictional contact with the driving clutch member, and manually adjustable means, extending axially through the driving clutch member, for clamping said mem bers together under variable pressure. 5. In combination, supporting structure, rotary means journaled therein and including a rotary slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum, 10 core for a Wound supply of sheet material, a a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage rotary drum, also journaled in said structure, and rotate a core onto which to wind the fabric, for exerting pulling effort on said material, means and means, journaled in said structure, to trans to hold said material in tractive engagement with mit rotation from the drum to the chuck includ the periphery of the drum, a motor for rotating ing rotary driving and driven clutch members in the drum operatively connected therewith, brak frictional contact vvith each other and manually ing means settable into braking or releasing rela adjustable means to urge one of said members under variable pressure against the other. 2. The combination set forth in claim 1 char acterized by said members being coaxial. 3. In combination, supporting structure, a ro tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the tion to the first-named means, and means mov able in one direction to start the motor and free 20 the braking means and in the opposite direction to stop the motor and apply the braking means. 6. In combination, supporting structure, rotary means journaled therein and including a rotary fabric being wound in contact with and against core for a Wound supply of sheet material, a slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum, rotary drum, also journaled in said structure, 25 a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage for exerting pulling effort on said material, means and rotate a core onto which to wind the fabric, to hold said material in tractive engagement With and means, j ournaled in said structure, to trans the periphery of the/drum, an electric motor mit rotation from the drum to the chuck includ having its driven element operatively connected ing coaxial driving and driven clutch members with the drum to drive the same, electrically in frictional contact With each other and man 30 energized means to brake the first-named means, ually adjustable means, extending axially through a branched circuit including the motor and last said members, for clamping them together under named means in its respective branches, and a variable pressure. circuit-closer movable in one direction to close 4. In combination, supporting structure, a ro one branch and open the other and in the other tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the 35 to open the former branch and close the other fabric being Wound in Contact with and against branch. slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum, GEORGE W. LANE. a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage and rotate a Vcore onto which to Wind the fabric.