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Патент USA US2360609

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Oct. 17, 1944.
G. w. LANE
Original Filed Sept. 11., 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet l
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' Oct. 17, 1944.
G.,w. LANE ~
original [email protected] sept. 11, 1942
2 Sheets-Sheet 2 -
Ó'eorga l/L/L lane,
Patented Oct. 17, 1944
_ George W. Lane, Clifton, N. J., assignor to Van
Vlaanderen Machine Co.„Paterson, N. J., a
corporation of New Jersey
Original application September 11, 1942, Serial
No. 457,985. Divided and this application Jan
uary 22, 1944, Serial No. 519,355
6 Claims. .(Cl. 242-55)
ject to friction resistance) during the winding,
This application is a division of my application
for patent for cloth measuring and tubing ma
» should be rchecked instantly when the drum is
stopped by stopping the motor, else the fabric
chine Serial No. 457,985, filed September 11, 1942,
The invention relates to machines for winding
would overrun. Hence, my invention further
contemplates control means so devised that,
When moved in one direction, it will stop the
fabric on successive cores, particularly Vin the
state for delivery to the selling trade, for which
purpose it is desired that, the lengths of the
fabrics in the different wound masses being the
' motor and brake said core and, when moved in
` the opposite direction, it will start the motor and
same, all the masses shall be wound so as nearly
as possible to have the same density.
For this purpose the machine ofthis invention
contemplates presence therein, with> a rotary
drum around which the fabric is to extend and
release the core.
In the drawings,
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the improved ma
chine, partly broken away;
Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof with a part
of the near standard broken away;
means to hold the fabric in contact with and
against slippage relatively to its periphery, and 15
`Fig. 3 shows the winding means mainly in
With a rotary core on which to wind the fabric,
means by which to drive the core from the drum
longitudinal section;
on the core tends to rotate at a constantly in
'and viewed the same as in that figure.
Fig. 4'is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 shows the electric circuit; and
through slip-friction which is capable of being
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of parts Which in
varied manually by the attendant. Thereby,
though as the wound fabric mass being formed 20 clude the clutch-member 4I appearing in Fig. 1
creasing peripheral speed, with attendant in
crease in tension on the fabric and increasey in
density of the wound mass, the operator may
from time to time, by adjustment of the men
tioned-slip-friction core-driving means, compen
sate for such tendency so as to attain tension
which during each operation will as nearly as
possible approximate constancy and a state of
density which in a succession of the wound
masses will be substantially uniform. In carry
ing out my invention I have constructed the
machine specifically as follows: The drum has
its axis horizontal and the fabric, being delivered
from below the drum, extends over the drum and
then down under a vfreely rotative roll parallel
with the drum (and which affords in part the
means to hold the fabric in contact with and
against slippage relatively to the drum’s periph
The frame includes two standards I connected
by bars 2. What Il term a carrier-rack is var
ranged to slide from> one toward the other stand
25 ard Vand comprises a rail 3 connecting a pair of
` uprights 4 also connected by a bar 4a, This rail
has vrunners 3a which rest on rollers la jour
naled in the standards, the left-hand one being
toothed to form a rack and the corresponding
30 roller existing as a pinion engaged with such rack
and having a hand-wheel Ib whereby manually
Vto shift the carrier-rackV laterally so that the
selvages of the fabric may be lined up by the
operator with the ends of the wound mass being
35 formed. So much is the usual construction. The
' carrier-rack is supported in upright position by
having the upper ends' of its uprights engaged
with a shaft 2| to be referred to, said uprights
having open bearings 5 to receive the shaft 6 of
ery) and then up to the core, which is also par
40 a beam or core 'l on which the supply-mass of
allel with the drum; the drum, being suitably
driven, drives the core through a‘transmission
including a clutch comprising coaxial clutch
members whose axis is also parallel with the
drum and one of which is driven by the drum
and the other of which drives the clutch; and
' y the manual adjustment of the clutch is effected
by a clamping means including a screw axially
related to the two clutch members and having
a manually operated nut. Thereby, the nut being ‘
positioned in appropriate proximity to the drum,
the attendant can test the tension of the fabric
at any time by one hand and effect whatever
adjustment of the nut may be necessary by his j
other hand.
fabric a is wound.
In the left-hand standard is journaled the
axial portion 8 of a pair of peripherally grooved
drums 9 and Il), the rotary element thus formed
constituting a support for and having a socket
8a to receive the adjoining squared end of the
shaft 6, whereby such support forms a chuck
- confined to rotate with the beam 1.
Fixed studs
Il, one below and the other above said element,
project from the frame and to the lower one of
these a band or strap I2 is connected, the upper
terminal of the band penetrating the other stud
and being threaded and having a nut i3 for
' tightening the band, which, between the studs,
bears against the periphery of the drum 9. Thus
a brake is formed which, on adjustment of the
nut, opposes some constant frictional resistance
to rotation of the beam and hence the delivery
‘ of the fabric wound thereon, A pair of> semi
fabric wound on a core or beam. This core, while
more or less free to turn (though preferably sub co circular brake-shoes i4 pivoted to upper stud Il
The machine will usually be driven by a motor
having means to start and stop the same and
the fabric-supply will usually be a mass of the
engage’the periphery of the drum ||). Pivoted
to the lower end of the rearward brake-shoe is
a rearwardly projecting lever I5 and penetrating
4| :journaled in the `standard and having a
clutch-diski'42 fast thereto. A sprocket-disk 43
is rotative on clutch member 4| and between the
a boss |5a pivoted in the enlarged lower endQof ' , îdisks 42-43 and fast to one of them is a felt
the other brake-shoe is a rod-like lever IE whose
-or .the like friction-disk M. A shaft 45 penc
other end is threaded and has a'thumb-screw
‘ltrates‘the ‘clutch member 4| axially, having a
|'| to bear against the boss. The rear ends of
nut 46 formed with a hand-wheel 46a, and
the two levers are connected toa link AISH, yin turn
‘ïrscrewed y,on its -outer end and abutting said
connected with the plunger or actuated element
llstandardandr'ai‘head (here in the form of a nut
I 9 of a solenoid 2|] or equivalent electrically ener- V'510 ’4'1fon' its inner end), and between such head
gized means. In short, there is -a twin-.clutch
and-.disk vr43 'is a spring 48; by turning the nut
the drum 9 of which (and hence ‘the‘beamf'l'l is
»AS1-the ‘driven‘member (sprocket disk 43) of the
subject to constant resistance to rotationfjan‘li
:clutchl thusr‘formed is gripped more or less tightthe drum l0 of which is subject to resistance to
ly Vby the driving member 4| with its indicated
rotation only on “<call.”
5 'f means for clamping the driven clutch-member.
Ata suitable elevation‘above and somewhat
»43ans a »sprocket-chain engaged with >the
rearward ’of the beam 21 there is journa'led'in
sprocketfdisk..43-on Athe driven clutch-member
the 'frame the shaft 2| of a measuring drum ~22.
l.and also with.a~sprocket-wheel~49 on the part
`The_fabric is to extend over and well around
-~3|la- of the active chuck »for :driving core b.
"this drum, .as back of it and then down --and ¿120 '.50 .isaa 'clock contained in housing 32 and
under an idle’roll ‘23 forward of the drum and
»geared A`in «some way (not shown) with the
>journaled vin the frame, then back and forth
»measuring drum shaft 2|.
'.around guide-bars -24l supported in suitable
«..On «the >forward bar `2 may be fulcrumed-a
brackets 25 and then to the core b` onto which
-«treadle».5| whoseforward end may bevnormally
the fabric is finally wound for'delivery‘to‘theçj25 >held elevated, asby a springA 52 (Fig. l) . lWhen
customer. In the upper part of the carrier-'rack
.the-„treadle `is `depressed it closes themotor cir
a pressure roll 22a (Fig. 2) is ‘journaled 'and
«cuit..53 and opens the solenoid circuit V54 »and
under the pressure of~springsf22b holds/the fab
«whenin its normal :state it »maintains >the motor
ric pressed againstthe drum.
...circuit open -and the solenoidcircuit closed; .the
lThe‘core b is a pasteboard»cylindrical'tube'one.»,¿30 `treadle vthus forms .a circuit-closer.
end of which is to be engaged with an idle chuck
26 journaled in .a bracket v2`| ycarried by ‘the
guide-bars. Its other end is .to be engaged with
.an active-'chuckfullyset forth in my~applica-
.Assume Athat the core b-is heldfbetweenithe
Atwo chucks, 4with the .upper end of .the fabric
wrappedaroundthe core sufliciently tightly »so
lthatvwhenrrotation of the core is now started
`tion‘Serial 'No.«457,986 andwhichfor the? present .-351the-wrapping will continue; to .take up slack in
purpose may îbe describedas follows: -A socket
the y»fabric vthe operator may vturn the socket
member 23 -(here :the driving r`member l.of‘the
membenbya hand-wheel` 30h von part 30,.it-bechuck) ~having~afsocket proper-28a has an ‘a-xial
.ing .assumed that in entering the core to vthe
.spindle (29 received «in the axial 'bore `of «and
A--socketfmember its end is somewhatideformed
_splined‘at'29a-to a rotary tubular member ‘here „t0 andA thus:.gripped thereby. The treadle is now
‘formed in 'two jparts v3|) A»and »3Ua'journaled1by
depressed .Y and the motor drives the measuring
Vball-bearings 3| »in-a housingv 32 carrie'd by one
-drumzthrough ,the Ypart of »the transmission con
Aof-the «standards |,. 33 being -a spring between
>`necting Athemand.the,measuring drum’ drives
Vthe‘left-handend'of the `spindle andthe closed
- the. chuck and henceithe core through that part
*end'of the :shaft-bore. Both the idle chuck'and »l5 ».ofthe transmission which connects them. .The
Vthe felement Yformed by parts A3|l--30a .are «of
depressing ,ofthe >treadle leaves >the delivery` core
-course conñned by the supporting structure
.'Irsubiectto .the adjustable .braking action of
against vdisplacement -apart, n-as shown. (The
the.means..9----|2, wherebyoverrunning of such
housingf32‘may be formed'open at the topto
core .-,is prevented, »but .such .depression de-ener
admit -a clock »15B to be referred-to.) AFree toVv 50 .gizes .thesolenoidso that v.the«braking effect of
turnin -the 'socketvon astud coaxial therewith
,the.members |4.becomes.inactive. The winding
is »a /tapered-plug‘memberßâ (here the driven
`of lthefabric onl core b'therefore proceeds; dur
`member'of the chuck). The socket #proper .fand
>ing`,the winding slippage of clutch-member '43
`plugfmemberfare both ellipticalin cross-section
occurs relatively to clutch-member 4|, such be
and of «such dimensions that each may rotate V55 ing necessarylsince thefabric vis kept advancing
completely independently of the Y other except
.at :constant speed by the measuring drum
when the end of the core is introduced-'intdthe
slot»36 between them in >which case, if the socket
(against Whose periphery itisfirmly held against
slippage bythe .means 22a and 23) whereas the
member is’turned while the ,plug-members rota
.massrbeing fwound increases indiameter and so
.tion'is resisted, as bythe fabric, -the -lobesor 60 A.tendsto increase the peripheral speed. By ad
humps35a ofthe plug 'member will coactwith
».justing .the,.pressure exerted on clutch-member
whatfare in »eiîect humps at y2&1- of the socket
:43 .(to w-it,«.by fhand-wheel 45) the operator can ~
member >to clamp the^core~end~between them.
„determine the density .of ,the wound mass being
Theactive chuck being at rest,-the'end of the
Iformed. `When the winding is completed »the
- core (tilted) is entered thereto and the core -65 -allowed to rise, which cuts out the
lmanipulated -to «displace «the :parts »28-29-'34
.motonbut'energizes vthe solenoid, whereby the
' against the tensionoffthe spring -until the other
end' of the core can be alinedwith theidle chuck.
_ rotation y. of` the». fabric supply .is checked.
.the winding vhas been >completedfon any core b
4When the socket member ' of the active - chuck
the fabric liscut .to permit removal of the wound
v.isnow rotated'thecore .will be-now "rotated by 70 mass and substitution of an empty core.
the- active chuck.
.Thespringis'present not only to permit ready
.A motor 31, supportedby the left-hand stand
„entry of the core. to Yand/its removal from the
ard, has its shaft `38 connected by a :sprocket
.two .chucks butto maintain the distortion of the
and-chaindrive 39with the shaft 2| of drum :22.
core end and hence displacementv of a part .or
By gearing40 Ishaft2| drives 4a clutchmember l75 .parts vthereof within the range of a hump or
humps of the driving member of the active chuck
in the case Where, as here, the part of the driven
member which is in telescoped relation to said
core end is tapered lengthwise thereof.
Having thus fully described my invention, what
I claim is:
1. In combination, supporting structure, a ro
tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the
fabric being Wound in contact With and against
and means to transmit rotation from the drum
to the chuck including a rotary driving clutch
member journaled in said structure, a driven
clutch member coaxial and in frictional contact
with the driving clutch member, and manually
adjustable means, extending axially through the
driving clutch member, for clamping said mem
bers together under variable pressure.
5. In combination, supporting structure, rotary
means journaled therein and including a rotary
slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum, 10 core for a Wound supply of sheet material, a
a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage
rotary drum, also journaled in said structure,
and rotate a core onto which to wind the fabric,
for exerting pulling effort on said material, means
and means, journaled in said structure, to trans
to hold said material in tractive engagement with
mit rotation from the drum to the chuck includ
the periphery of the drum, a motor for rotating
ing rotary driving and driven clutch members in
the drum operatively connected therewith, brak
frictional contact vvith each other and manually
ing means settable into braking or releasing rela
adjustable means to urge one of said members
under variable pressure against the other.
2. The combination set forth in claim 1 char
acterized by said members being coaxial.
3. In combination, supporting structure, a ro
tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the
tion to the first-named means, and means mov
able in one direction to start the motor and free
20 the braking means and in the opposite direction
to stop the motor and apply the braking means.
6. In combination, supporting structure, rotary
means journaled therein and including a rotary
fabric being wound in contact with and against
core for a Wound supply of sheet material, a
slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum,
rotary drum, also journaled in said structure,
a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage
for exerting pulling effort on said material, means
and rotate a core onto which to wind the fabric,
to hold said material in tractive engagement With
and means, j ournaled in said structure, to trans
the periphery of the/drum, an electric motor
mit rotation from the drum to the chuck includ
having its driven element operatively connected
ing coaxial driving and driven clutch members
with the drum to drive the same, electrically
in frictional contact With each other and man 30 energized means to brake the first-named means,
ually adjustable means, extending axially through
a branched circuit including the motor and last
said members, for clamping them together under
named means in its respective branches, and a
variable pressure.
circuit-closer movable in one direction to close
4. In combination, supporting structure, a ro
one branch and open the other and in the other
tary drum journaled therein, means to hold the 35 to open the former branch and close the other
fabric being Wound in Contact with and against
slippage relatively to the periphery of the drum,
a chuck, journaled in said structure, to engage
and rotate a Vcore onto which to Wind the fabric.
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