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Патент USA US2368683

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Feb. 6, 1945.
2,368,683
.1. Q._ SHERMAN
SEPARAT ING MACHINE
y
Original Filed April 5, 1935
v
INVE'NTOR
d0f//V 0. S//ERMAA/
v
-
Patented ela-6,
, 2,368,683
Í,UNIT-ED STATES PATENT orifice- _
SEPARATING MACHINE
John Quirk Sherman, deceased, late of iDayton,
Ohio, by Katherine M. Sherman, William C. ,
Sherman, and Wellmore B. Turner, executors,
all oi' DaytonrOhio
Original application April 5, 1935, Serial »No.
14,854. Divided and this application August 1,
1941, serial No. 405,094v
2s claims. , (Crm1-2.1)
This invention relates to asserting apparatus
for manifolding material, and more' particularly
-to a method of operation and -mechanism for
ter pertains to a distinctivespecies of strip sepa.
rating apparatuawherein the` assembly of alter
nating superposed record and transfer strips
progressively separating alternating continuous
withdrawn fromI a single supply packet wherein _
interfolded strips of record and transfer mate
the plural strips are collectively interfolded, and
are divergently directed through radiating paths ¿
rial, and rearranging Athe separated strips into
'individual packets.
of travel into individual receivers whereinthe
strips are reformed intoindividual zigzag folded
The use of continuous superposed strips of
packets. To facilitate the refolding of the strips
series connected forms interleaved with contin
uous strips of “one time” carbon material for 10 -in their respective receiving compartments, and
incidentally to break any adhesion of the strips
production of manifold copies of written mate#
one to another, .a vibratory motion is transmitted
rial has become quite extensive and common as a
time saving expedient. Heretofore it has been
to°the strips during their advancement from the
common supply pack to the receiving compart
. the usual practiceto collectively divide the strips
transversely into successive sets of forms and 15 ments.
.
interleaved sheets of transfer material which
The separating apparatus may beassociated
directly with a writing machine whereby the
strips _are immediately separated as’ they pass
assorted according to destination or use of the
from such writing machine. Such apparatus
several copies. Much time of assembling and
inserting the Amaterial in the writing machine is 20 preferably comprises a separate motor driven unit
to which the inscribed manifolding material is
saved by the use of such continuous series con
transferredfrom the writingmachine. In the
nected forms, but, subsequently considerable time
event the material is marginallypunched for pin
is consumed in the manual separation of de
must be subsequently manually separated and
tached sets of form's and transfer material.
wheel feeding devices, the separating apparatus
The present invention provides for high, speed
mechanical separation ofthe inscribed stripsof
may be provided with a pin type roller, the :lîeed-A
ing p_ins of which engage in the marginally
connected forms and the interleaved transfer
punched lfeecl holes. It is found, however, that
due to _the interfolding of the several strips, by
material, thus achieving a great saving in time
, and affording increased eñlciency. Instead of
applying traction to a single interleaved transfer
distributing the separated copies of -successive 30 strip or to only one of the record strips all of
the associated interfolded -strips maybe drawn
sets of forms as heretofore, the present method
in unison from the supply packet without other
and apparatus enables consecutive copies of dif
ferent sets of forms to be kept together by re
feeding means.
_,
»
The object of the invention is to provide anfolding the separated »strips without dividing
them into independent sheets or form portions. ‘ assorting' or separating apparatus for disassem-v
Thus, in atypical system wherein duplicate copies
bling superposed interfolded strips of manifold-. l
of each order are to be'forwarded respectively to
ing material which may be economically con
the warehouse, the packing department, the de
structed and operated and which will be efficient
,and rapid in "use, _substantially automatic in _
department, and a customer’s copy enclosed withI 40 action, and unlikely to get out of repair.
each shipment, by the present apparatus and
A further ‘object of the invention is to enable
separate .distribution of multiple copy incribed
method of separating the superposed inscribed
livery department, sales department, accounting
record strips into separate packets, copies forl .
each department or purpose are kept in consecu
forms, whereby corresponding copies of successive ,
sets of forms will be maintained in interconnected
tive order, whereby they are more easily handled.
sequence.~
assured against loss or misplacement, and much '
time of the typist is saved.
.
'I'he present is a division of eopending appli
cation Serial No. 14,854, ñled April 5, 1935, now
matured into Letters Patent No. 2,215,475, to the
filing date of which the. present application is
entitled, wherein generic claims to the present
disclosure are contained, and to which reference
is made for further disclosure of -tbis and anal
ogous apparatus and method. The instant mat
'
_
.
A further object of the invention is tol provi
an improved apparatus and method of operation v
by which collectively interfolded strips of record
and transfer material may be progressively sep~`
arated and reformed into> individual packets.
,
A further but no less important feature of the.'
invention is the provision of vibrating means_by_.
which to and fro vibratory motion is 'transmitted
to the strips during their advancement from the
supply packet into individual' packets.
2
2,368,683
A further object of the invention is to provide
a `strip separating apparatus -having the advan
tageous structural features and inherent meri
torious characteristics andv mode of operation
ating or divergent relation are a plurality of
guide panels ll„one for each strip. By means
of the angularly disposed guide panels il the
several strips are directed into divergent paths
herein mentioned.
as they leave the feeding device. ,
‘
Located on the base 2 is a plurality of strip
With the above primary and other incidental
objects in view as will more fully appear in the
speciflcation, the invention intended to be pro
receivers or collecting compartments I2. Dis
posed in elevated relation above ~the base and re
tected by Letters Patent consists of the features
ceivers I2 is a second series of shelf-like receivers
ventign.
the upper series.
of construction, the parts and combinations 10 or strip compartments I 3. The latter are dis
posed in staggered or oñset relation with the re
. thereof, and the mode of operation, or their
ceivers I2 of the ñrst series. The receivers I2
equivalents/ as hereinafter described or illus
'and I3 are positioned to separately receive the
trated in the accompanying drawing.
several strips. Those strips destined for the low
In the drawing,
l
.
Fig.~l. is a perspective view of an assembled stri 15 er series of receiving compartments I2 -pass in»
termediate or beyond the compartments i3 of
separating apparatus embodying the present in
l
Fig. 2 is a detail view of the
guiding device.
‘_
_
Mounted upon the frame or supporting struc
vibratory strip ‘
ture I is vibratory frame it, from which project
t
- Like parts are indicated by similar characters 20 relatively spaced pairs of parallel guide pins 'I5 '
vwhich extend through slots I6 in the frame i of
sumcient size to permit an ample range of to
of _reference throughout the several views.
While the present separating and strip assort
,and fro motion. The parallel spaced pins I5
form guides for the several strips of the mani
ing apparatus may be directly associated with a .
writing or imprinting mechanism,.by the strip
folding assembly intermediate the ends of the
divergent guide panels II and the receiving com
partments I2 and I3.
The assembly of superposed strips 5 are co1
lectively withdrawn from the supply packet s
within the elevated compartment‘3, or may be
supplied directly to the present unit from the
writing or imprinting apparatus. They are ad
vanced in unison over the guide S and thence
over the feeding roller ‘I beyond which they are
feeding devices of which the assembly of super
posed strips may be delivered directly to the pres
ent separating apparatus, it is preferably em
bodied in a separate self-contained unit. While
the separator illustrated 'in the drawing is ef
íective and eilicient for the ‘present purpose, it
is to be understood that it is obviously not the
-only form' of embodiment `of the invention but
comprises onlyl one species thereof, and therefore
the invention is not limited to the specific struc
35 separated and directed through separate paths'
in angularly inclined or divergent relation rela
tive to each other by a series of radiating guide
panels II. Beyond the ends of the guide chutes
ture shown. Likewise, while manifolding as
semblies to be separated usually comprise super
posed record strips and interleaved transfer strips
of “one time” carbon material, they are not nec
-I
essarily solarranged, but may comprise record -
the strips pass between the corresponding guide
Referring to Fig. 1, the present unit includes
vidual strips are directed are also eil'ective to
strips exclusively, either carbon backed or those ¿ovpins I5 to the corresponding receiving compart
utilized with sheets of carbon stationarily inter V ments I2 and I3, wherein .they automatically re-?
assume zigzag reversely folded formation,` upon
leaved between the strips lat the record receiving
the original fold lines of the supply packet B.
pomtion, past whichv the strips will have been
The
pairs of spaced pins I5 between which indi
advanced.
-
determine the divergent paths ofÁ the several
ya main frame or supporting structure I which
arises from a base 2.
Located at the top of the .
l structure is a box or compartment 3 for a supply
packet I of interfolded plural Strips 5 to be sep
arated. Adjacent to the supply compartment
and connected thereto by4 a guide passage or
trough l is a strip feeding device common »to all the strips ofthe assembly. The feedingdevice, ,
» may be of any desired type, either frictional or
positive.
That illustrated comprises a roller 'I
having therein radial feeding pins 8' engageable
in marginally punched holes 9 of the superposed
strips- 5. Coacting with‘the roller 1 to guide the
strip assembly from the guide passage 6 to the
guide panels II,- and thence to individual strip
mitted to the several strips passing intermediate
the guide pins. Such motion serves to lay the
strip ñrst in one direction and then >in the other
in succeeding folds. This insures free uniform
-refolding- of the strips at a comparatively rapid
rate without danger of disarrangement orv tear
f
'
`
_
and advancing strips 5, the frame `Il is connected
sembly is advanced by the feeding pins 8. It is
not essential that the .feed device directly en
gage all oi' the strips of the- assembly, since the .
interlocking folds of the collectively folded stripsin the supply packet and thé inherent friction
between the strips‘is sufllcient to cause the strips
to-be advanced in unison even though only one
or a p_ortion ofthe strips be positively fed by 70
the feeding device. While ordinarily the' feedingv .
downwardly from the feedint deviçe in radi
~
To impart vibratory motion. to the frame Il
tween which and the roller ‘I and the stripas- .
trative, purposes an actuating crank handle/ Il
is'
for
actuation. Extending
A
To insure automatic refolding of the separated
strips upon their original fold lines, the frame
Il and guide pins I5 carried thereby are given
ato and fro reciprocatory motion which is trans
ing of the forms.
receivers,` are slotted strip guide lingers 8' 'bef .
device is actuated by an electric motor, for illus-
strips.`
by a link I'I with a crank or wrist pin I8 upon a
disc I 9 carried by the feed roller shaft and ro
tating in unison` with the feed roller '|. The link
I1 -being suitably connected at its opposite end
to the reciprocatory frame Il-by a bell crank
lever 2li> transmits to ‘and from motion to the
guide pin carrying frame Il.
»
, As the-feeding 'roller 'I is rotated to progres
sively advance the several strips from the sup
ply Packet, 4 to the .individual receiving com
partments I2 and II, the guide frame Il is re
c_iprocated to and fro to impart to the strips al
_
ternating'impulses in opposite directions, which
4_not only .break any adhesions of> the strips, but
75 simultaneously «facilitate the refolding of the
_
-
_
3
2,868,083
'-separated strips hupon their original fold
While ythe feedingroller 'l has been shown pro
vided with feeding pins ,t engageable in mar
ginally punched holes l in one or more of the
strips 5, for positively feeding the assembly of
strips from the supply compartment 3 to the re
ceiving compartments I2 and I3, it is to be un
derstood that a frictional feeding device may
ìitrips associated with they respective guide de
ces.
'
4. In an apparatus. for separating multiple
superposed strips, a feeding device. engageable
with at least one of the strips for advancing the
plurality of` strips in unison from a source of
supply, a series of guides for individual strips
of the plurality, a plurality of receivers associ
be used in lieu thereof, as is illustrated in the .A . ated with the respective guides into 'which the
parent case, in which event the strips need not
strips are simultaneously advanced past the re
be marginally punched.
‘spective individual strip guides by the operation
’ .
From the above description it~ will be appar
ent that there is thus provided a device of the
character described possessing the particular
features of advantage before enumerated as de--
sirable, but which obviously is susceptible of
modification in -its form, proportions, detail con
_ struction and arrangement of ‘parts without de
parting from the principle involved or sacriflc-.
ing any of its advantages.
'
-
of 'the feeding device, and means for transmit
ting vibratory motion to the guides during the
passage of the strips to facilitate folding of the
strips in the receivers.
'
5. In a strip separating apparatus, a support
ing frame, a strip feeding device thereon com
mon to a plurality ofl superposed strips to be
separated, a series of radiating strip guides rela
-
20 tive to which the strips are individually ad
While in order to comply with the statute,
vanced by the common feeding device, and a
the invention has been described in language
more or less specific as to structural features,
it is to be understood that the invention is not
limited to‘the speciñc features shown, but that
the means and construction herein disclosed
comprise the preferred form vof several Amodes
of putting the invention into effect, and the in
plurality of receivers into- which certain of the
'strips are individually delivered from .the guides. ,
6.,In a strip separating apparatus, a support
ing frame, a strip feeding device thereon com
mon to\ a plurality of strips to be separated, a
` plurality of strip guides disposed to individually
guide the strips in divergent paths of travel rela
vention is therefore claimed in any of its _forms
tive to which the strips are advanced by the
or modifications within the legitimate and valid 30 common strip feeding device, and a plurality of
scope of the appended claims.
.
. 'r '
ì
receivers, into which different strips are diver-s
Having thus described the invention, what
gently directed by the guides.
'
.
is claimed is:
'
_ »
'
'1. In a strip separatingvapparatus, the corn--~
1. A separating apparatus for an assembly of
superposed strips, at least a portion of which 35 bination with 'a strip feeding device common to
a plurality of superposed continuous strips to`
have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes,
be separated, of a series'of spaced strip guides
a frame, a‘pin type feeding device at the top yof
relative to'which the strips are progressively ad
. the frame for engagement in the said feed holes
for collectively advancing the »strips in unison
from a source of supply, a support over which
the strips are progressively advanced, multiple
pairs of guide elements located below the level
of the pin type feeding device, between the
members of the respective pairs of which indi
vidual strips are‘advanced divergently from the
support, and receivers into which the individual
strips are delivered from the respective pairs ‘of
guide elements.
_
vanced in downwardly divergent directions, and 'ì
a plurality of receivers into which certain of the
strips
guides.
are
~
individually`
'
delivered ' from
said
,
8. In- a strip separating apparatus wherein
strips of a collective packet are individually de
45 posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding
device-common to aplurality of strips, separate
receivers for individual strips to which the strips
are simultaneously delivered, and means for im
2. A separating apparatus for an assembly- of ' parting a succession of vibratory, impulses to
superposed strips, at least a portion of which so the strips intermediate the strip feeding device
_~ and the receivers.
have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes, a
9. In a strip separating apparatus whereinv
frame, a pin type' feeding deyice at the top of
strips of a collective packet are individually de
the frame for engagement in the said feed holes
posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding
for collectively advancing the strips in unison
from a source of supply, -a support over which 55 device common to a plurality of> strips, separate
receivers for individual strips to which the strips
the strips are progressively advanced, a plurali
are simultaneously delivered, and vibratory
ty of downwardly directed radially '~ disposed
means for agitating the strips during their ad
guides for individual strips of the assembly- to
vancement by the strip feeding device.
which the strips are delivered by said pin type
,10. In a strip separating apparatus wherein
feeding device, and a plurality of receivers into col
l
strips of a collective packet'are individually de
which the several strips are independently' de
posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding
livei'ed from said radially disposed guides.'
device common to a plurality of strips, separate
3. A separating apparatus fôr an assembly of
receivers -for individual strips to which the strips`
superposed 4strips, at least a portion ofwwhich
are simultaneously delivered, and impulse trans
4have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes,”
mitting means for effecting a jogging effect upon
a frame, a pin type feeding device at the top of
_ the advancing strips.
the frame for engagement in the said feed holes
11._ Inv a.- strip nseparating apparatus wherein
for collectively advancing the strips in unison
strips of a collective packet are individually de
from a source of supply, a support over which
posited into’ separate receivers, a strip feeding
the strips are progressively advanced, a plurali
device comirìon` to a plurality of strips, separate
ty of relatively spaced guide devices located be
receive'rs for individual strips toy which the strips
- low the level of said support to -which the strips
are simultaneouslydelivered,‘and a beater mem
are individually directed downwardly from the
ber repetitiously engaging a plurality of the
common support through radiating paths of
v
travel, and separate receivers for the individual 75 strips beyond the feeding device.
_2,368,883
ing device ~for advancing a plurality of such strips
to a separation point, a plurality of spaced guides
relative to which different strips of the plurality
are advanced.' and a plurality of spaced strip
12.. A strip separating apparatus wherein an
assembly of superposed independent strips are
separated from each other, a strip feeding means
common to the assembly of strips and operative
to advance the strips in unison, a plurality of
guides for the individual-strips relative to which
the strips are individually advanced, and means
for transmitting a succession of vibratory im
pulses to the strips during their approach to the
individual guides.
_ receivers disposed in vertically spaced relation
one above another, to which different strips of ,
the plurality are directed by the guides.
21. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a
packet
Il)
_
13. In a .strip separating apparatus, a strip
feeding device for collectively advancing a plu
rality of strips past aseparation point, a’plurallty
of separate receivers for the separated strips,
guide means for directing separated strips to in
dividual receivers, and a beater device ’for im
of
collectively
assembled ' superposed
strips are separated into independent packets.'
a strip feeding device for effecting simultaneous
advancement of a plurality of such strips, guide
means for4 directing the strips in relatively in
clined paths o_f travel, and Aa, plurality of spaced
receivers into which diiferent strips“ are de
posited.
_
22. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu
parting to the strips a percussion action during
_rality of strip guides relative to which'diiïerent
advancement thereof.
strips pass downwardly from a collective as
14. In a strip separating apparatus, a strip
feeding device‘ for collectively advancing a plu 20 sembly thereof, a plurality of receiving com
partments to which certain of the strips are
rality of strips past a separation point, a plu
directed by said guide chutes, and strip folding
rality of separate receivers for the separated
means for causing certain of the strips to be
strips, guide means for directing separated strips
folded` in zigzag packs in the receiving com
to individual receivers, and a shock imparting
device eñec'tive to impart vibratory motion to the 25 partments.
23. In a "strip separating apparatus, a plu
strips as they are advanced by the strip feeding
rality of guide chutes relative to which different
device. ß
15. The herein described method of
separating- ‘
strips pass ‘ downwardly from a collective as
sembly thereof, receiving - compartments ar
a manifolding assembly of continuous alternating
strips of record and transfer material, including 30 ranged in superposed spaced relation into which
advancing the assembly of strips in'unison past -
a separation point, separately directing different
strips of the assembly through separate paths of '
certain of the strips are directed by the 4guide
chutes, and-strip folding means for causing cer
tain of the strips to be folded in zigzkag forma
travel, transmitting vibratory motion to the strips
tion'within the compartments.
'
24. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu
during advancement thereof, and collecting the 35
separately directed strips into separate portions.
rality of guide chutes, relative to which different
16, The herein> described method of separating
strips lpass downwardly from a collective as
a unitaryr- packet of interfolded superposed con
sembly thereof, a. plurality of receivers, one for
tinuous alternating record and transfer strips
each guide chute to which the strips are di
into plural packets, including advancing the 40 rected thereby, and spaced strip guides adjacent.
superposed strips in unison from the initial
to the guide chute entrances for guiding different
packet, directing diñerent strips thereof through
strips to corresponding guide chutes.
separate paths of travel, shaking the strips dur
25. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu
ing advancement thereof and refolding the sepa 45 rality of guides arranged side by side relative to
rated strips of the initial single packet into a plu
which different strips pass downwardly from an
rality of packets.
assembly thereof, receivers to which different
strips are directed by corresponding guides, a
17. A strip separating apparatus, including a
support for a supply pack of collectively assem
supporting structure., a strip feeding device for
advancing in unison a plurality of superposed 50 bled strips to be separated at one side of the
entrance to said guides, a strip assembly guide
strips past a separating position, and an agi
tator for the strips actuated in unison with the ~ relative to which the assembly of strips is col
lectively advanced intermediate the support for
strip feeding device operative upon the strips
` the supply pack and the >entrances to the strip
during their advancement.
18. A strip separating apparatus, including'v a 55 guides, and feeding means for inducing travel
movement of the assembly of strips relative to .
supporting structure, a strip feeding device for
said strip assembly guide. >
advancing in unison a plurality of superposed
26. A strip separating apparatus, including a
strips past a separating position, and an agitator
strip feeding device for feeding anI assembly of
imparting~ to the ‘strips alternating movement
perpendicular to' the planes of the strips during 60 -superposed record strips. a guide wall, over which
their’ advancement.
'
the strips are collectively advanced from a sup
ply pack thereof, a plurality of inclined guides 19. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a. packet
arranged side by side,l relative-to which different
of collectively assembled superposed strips are
strips are separately‘directed, and a plurality
separated into independent packets, a strip feed
ing device for advancing a plurality of such 65 of strip receiving vcompartments arranged in
superposed vertically spaced relation one above
strips to a separation point, a. plurality 'of in
another to which the strips are directed, and
clined spaced guides relative to which dilîerent
means associated with the receiving compart
strips of the plurality are advanced and a plu
ments to induce zigzag folding of the strips
rality of spaced strip receivers disposed in verti
cally spaced relation one above another, to which ro
27.- A strip separating `apparatus.- including a
diñerent strips of the plurality are directed by
strip feeding device for advancing an assembly
the guides.
'
of superposed continuous strips from a source ,
-20. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a packet
of supply to a, point of separation, a plurality
of collectively assembled superposed strips are
separated into independent packets, a strip feed 75 .of receiving compartments, guide means for
therein.
~
_
1
directing dinèrent Àstrips of the assembly 'inw "
Ètrips from` the chutes, strip folding» means for
diñerent receiving compartments, and strip
causing certain o_f the strips to be folded’ in'zig
zag packs in the respective receiving' compart
folding means associated with the receiving com
partments for eñecting automatic folding of the ,~ _ments, and. a plurality of strip guides adjacent
strìps ventering the compartments into inde- '5 to the chute entrance vpassageways >for guiding
pendent zigzag packets.
` the strips to the latter.
28. In a strip separating apparatus, in com
bination, a plurality of gravity chutes, side by
side, in which strips from an assembly pass
downwardly by gravity, receiving compartments l 0
with which the lower ends of certain said chutes
~ respectively communicate so as to receive the
‘
=
KATHERINE M. SHERMAN.
WILLIAM C. SHERMAN,
WEILMORE B. TURNER, .
Executors of the Estate of John Q. Sherman,
‘ Deceased.
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