Патент USA US2368683код для вставки
Feb. 6, 1945. 2,368,683 .1. Q._ SHERMAN SEPARAT ING MACHINE y Original Filed April 5, 1935 v INVE'NTOR d0f//V 0. S//ERMAA/ v - Patented ela-6, , 2,368,683 Í,UNIT-ED STATES PATENT orifice- _ SEPARATING MACHINE John Quirk Sherman, deceased, late of iDayton, Ohio, by Katherine M. Sherman, William C. , Sherman, and Wellmore B. Turner, executors, all oi' DaytonrOhio Original application April 5, 1935, Serial »No. 14,854. Divided and this application August 1, 1941, serial No. 405,094v 2s claims. , (Crm1-2.1) This invention relates to asserting apparatus for manifolding material, and more' particularly -to a method of operation and -mechanism for ter pertains to a distinctivespecies of strip sepa. rating apparatuawherein the` assembly of alter nating superposed record and transfer strips progressively separating alternating continuous withdrawn fromI a single supply packet wherein _ interfolded strips of record and transfer mate the plural strips are collectively interfolded, and are divergently directed through radiating paths ¿ rial, and rearranging Athe separated strips into 'individual packets. of travel into individual receivers whereinthe strips are reformed intoindividual zigzag folded The use of continuous superposed strips of packets. To facilitate the refolding of the strips series connected forms interleaved with contin uous strips of “one time” carbon material for 10 -in their respective receiving compartments, and incidentally to break any adhesion of the strips production of manifold copies of written mate# one to another, .a vibratory motion is transmitted rial has become quite extensive and common as a time saving expedient. Heretofore it has been to°the strips during their advancement from the common supply pack to the receiving compart . the usual practiceto collectively divide the strips transversely into successive sets of forms and 15 ments. . interleaved sheets of transfer material which The separating apparatus may beassociated directly with a writing machine whereby the strips _are immediately separated as’ they pass assorted according to destination or use of the from such writing machine. Such apparatus several copies. Much time of assembling and inserting the Amaterial in the writing machine is 20 preferably comprises a separate motor driven unit to which the inscribed manifolding material is saved by the use of such continuous series con transferredfrom the writingmachine. In the nected forms, but, subsequently considerable time event the material is marginallypunched for pin is consumed in the manual separation of de must be subsequently manually separated and tached sets of form's and transfer material. wheel feeding devices, the separating apparatus The present invention provides for high, speed mechanical separation ofthe inscribed stripsof may be provided with a pin type roller, the :lîeed-A ing p_ins of which engage in the marginally connected forms and the interleaved transfer punched lfeecl holes. It is found, however, that due to _the interfolding of the several strips, by material, thus achieving a great saving in time , and affording increased eñlciency. Instead of applying traction to a single interleaved transfer distributing the separated copies of -successive 30 strip or to only one of the record strips all of the associated interfolded -strips maybe drawn sets of forms as heretofore, the present method in unison from the supply packet without other and apparatus enables consecutive copies of dif ferent sets of forms to be kept together by re feeding means. _, » The object of the invention is to provide anfolding the separated »strips without dividing them into independent sheets or form portions. ‘ assorting' or separating apparatus for disassem-v Thus, in atypical system wherein duplicate copies bling superposed interfolded strips of manifold-. l of each order are to be'forwarded respectively to ing material which may be economically con the warehouse, the packing department, the de structed and operated and which will be efficient ,and rapid in "use, _substantially automatic in _ department, and a customer’s copy enclosed withI 40 action, and unlikely to get out of repair. each shipment, by the present apparatus and A further ‘object of the invention is to enable separate .distribution of multiple copy incribed method of separating the superposed inscribed livery department, sales department, accounting record strips into separate packets, copies forl . each department or purpose are kept in consecu forms, whereby corresponding copies of successive , sets of forms will be maintained in interconnected tive order, whereby they are more easily handled. sequence.~ assured against loss or misplacement, and much ' time of the typist is saved. . 'I'he present is a division of eopending appli cation Serial No. 14,854, ñled April 5, 1935, now matured into Letters Patent No. 2,215,475, to the filing date of which the. present application is entitled, wherein generic claims to the present disclosure are contained, and to which reference is made for further disclosure of -tbis and anal ogous apparatus and method. The instant mat ' _ . A further object of the invention is tol provi an improved apparatus and method of operation v by which collectively interfolded strips of record and transfer material may be progressively sep~` arated and reformed into> individual packets. , A further but no less important feature of the.' invention is the provision of vibrating means_by_. which to and fro vibratory motion is 'transmitted to the strips during their advancement from the supply packet into individual' packets. 2 2,368,683 A further object of the invention is to provide a `strip separating apparatus -having the advan tageous structural features and inherent meri torious characteristics andv mode of operation ating or divergent relation are a plurality of guide panels ll„one for each strip. By means of the angularly disposed guide panels il the several strips are directed into divergent paths herein mentioned. as they leave the feeding device. , ‘ Located on the base 2 is a plurality of strip With the above primary and other incidental objects in view as will more fully appear in the speciflcation, the invention intended to be pro receivers or collecting compartments I2. Dis posed in elevated relation above ~the base and re tected by Letters Patent consists of the features ceivers I2 is a second series of shelf-like receivers ventign. the upper series. of construction, the parts and combinations 10 or strip compartments I 3. The latter are dis posed in staggered or oñset relation with the re . thereof, and the mode of operation, or their ceivers I2 of the ñrst series. The receivers I2 equivalents/ as hereinafter described or illus 'and I3 are positioned to separately receive the trated in the accompanying drawing. several strips. Those strips destined for the low In the drawing, l . Fig.~l. is a perspective view of an assembled stri 15 er series of receiving compartments I2 -pass in» termediate or beyond the compartments i3 of separating apparatus embodying the present in l Fig. 2 is a detail view of the guiding device. ‘_ _ Mounted upon the frame or supporting struc vibratory strip ‘ ture I is vibratory frame it, from which project t - Like parts are indicated by similar characters 20 relatively spaced pairs of parallel guide pins 'I5 ' vwhich extend through slots I6 in the frame i of sumcient size to permit an ample range of to of _reference throughout the several views. While the present separating and strip assort ,and fro motion. The parallel spaced pins I5 form guides for the several strips of the mani ing apparatus may be directly associated with a . writing or imprinting mechanism,.by the strip folding assembly intermediate the ends of the divergent guide panels II and the receiving com partments I2 and I3. The assembly of superposed strips 5 are co1 lectively withdrawn from the supply packet s within the elevated compartment‘3, or may be supplied directly to the present unit from the writing or imprinting apparatus. They are ad vanced in unison over the guide S and thence over the feeding roller ‘I beyond which they are feeding devices of which the assembly of super posed strips may be delivered directly to the pres ent separating apparatus, it is preferably em bodied in a separate self-contained unit. While the separator illustrated 'in the drawing is ef íective and eilicient for the ‘present purpose, it is to be understood that it is obviously not the -only form' of embodiment `of the invention but comprises onlyl one species thereof, and therefore the invention is not limited to the specific struc 35 separated and directed through separate paths' in angularly inclined or divergent relation rela tive to each other by a series of radiating guide panels II. Beyond the ends of the guide chutes ture shown. Likewise, while manifolding as semblies to be separated usually comprise super posed record strips and interleaved transfer strips of “one time” carbon material, they are not nec -I essarily solarranged, but may comprise record - the strips pass between the corresponding guide Referring to Fig. 1, the present unit includes vidual strips are directed are also eil'ective to strips exclusively, either carbon backed or those ¿ovpins I5 to the corresponding receiving compart utilized with sheets of carbon stationarily inter V ments I2 and I3, wherein .they automatically re-? assume zigzag reversely folded formation,` upon leaved between the strips lat the record receiving the original fold lines of the supply packet B. pomtion, past whichv the strips will have been The pairs of spaced pins I5 between which indi advanced. - determine the divergent paths ofÁ the several ya main frame or supporting structure I which arises from a base 2. Located at the top of the . l structure is a box or compartment 3 for a supply packet I of interfolded plural Strips 5 to be sep arated. Adjacent to the supply compartment and connected thereto by4 a guide passage or trough l is a strip feeding device common »to all the strips ofthe assembly. The feedingdevice, , » may be of any desired type, either frictional or positive. That illustrated comprises a roller 'I having therein radial feeding pins 8' engageable in marginally punched holes 9 of the superposed strips- 5. Coacting with‘the roller 1 to guide the strip assembly from the guide passage 6 to the guide panels II,- and thence to individual strip mitted to the several strips passing intermediate the guide pins. Such motion serves to lay the strip ñrst in one direction and then >in the other in succeeding folds. This insures free uniform -refolding- of the strips at a comparatively rapid rate without danger of disarrangement orv tear f ' ` _ and advancing strips 5, the frame `Il is connected sembly is advanced by the feeding pins 8. It is not essential that the .feed device directly en gage all oi' the strips of the- assembly, since the . interlocking folds of the collectively folded stripsin the supply packet and thé inherent friction between the strips‘is sufllcient to cause the strips to-be advanced in unison even though only one or a p_ortion ofthe strips be positively fed by 70 the feeding device. While ordinarily the' feedingv . downwardly from the feedint deviçe in radi ~ To impart vibratory motion. to the frame Il tween which and the roller ‘I and the stripas- . trative, purposes an actuating crank handle/ Il is' for actuation. Extending A To insure automatic refolding of the separated strips upon their original fold lines, the frame Il and guide pins I5 carried thereby are given ato and fro reciprocatory motion which is trans ing of the forms. receivers,` are slotted strip guide lingers 8' 'bef . device is actuated by an electric motor, for illus- strips.` by a link I'I with a crank or wrist pin I8 upon a disc I 9 carried by the feed roller shaft and ro tating in unison` with the feed roller '|. The link I1 -being suitably connected at its opposite end to the reciprocatory frame Il-by a bell crank lever 2li> transmits to ‘and from motion to the guide pin carrying frame Il. » , As the-feeding 'roller 'I is rotated to progres sively advance the several strips from the sup ply Packet, 4 to the .individual receiving com partments I2 and II, the guide frame Il is re c_iprocated to and fro to impart to the strips al _ ternating'impulses in opposite directions, which 4_not only .break any adhesions of> the strips, but 75 simultaneously «facilitate the refolding of the _ - _ 3 2,868,083 '-separated strips hupon their original fold While ythe feedingroller 'l has been shown pro vided with feeding pins ,t engageable in mar ginally punched holes l in one or more of the strips 5, for positively feeding the assembly of strips from the supply compartment 3 to the re ceiving compartments I2 and I3, it is to be un derstood that a frictional feeding device may ìitrips associated with they respective guide de ces. ' 4. In an apparatus. for separating multiple superposed strips, a feeding device. engageable with at least one of the strips for advancing the plurality of` strips in unison from a source of supply, a series of guides for individual strips of the plurality, a plurality of receivers associ be used in lieu thereof, as is illustrated in the .A . ated with the respective guides into 'which the parent case, in which event the strips need not strips are simultaneously advanced past the re be marginally punched. ‘spective individual strip guides by the operation ’ . From the above description it~ will be appar ent that there is thus provided a device of the character described possessing the particular features of advantage before enumerated as de-- sirable, but which obviously is susceptible of modification in -its form, proportions, detail con _ struction and arrangement of ‘parts without de parting from the principle involved or sacriflc-. ing any of its advantages. ' - of 'the feeding device, and means for transmit ting vibratory motion to the guides during the passage of the strips to facilitate folding of the strips in the receivers. ' 5. In a strip separating apparatus, a support ing frame, a strip feeding device thereon com mon to a plurality ofl superposed strips to be separated, a series of radiating strip guides rela - 20 tive to which the strips are individually ad While in order to comply with the statute, vanced by the common feeding device, and a the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural features, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to‘the speciñc features shown, but that the means and construction herein disclosed comprise the preferred form vof several Amodes of putting the invention into effect, and the in plurality of receivers into- which certain of the 'strips are individually delivered from .the guides. , 6.,In a strip separating apparatus, a support ing frame, a strip feeding device thereon com mon to\ a plurality of strips to be separated, a ` plurality of strip guides disposed to individually guide the strips in divergent paths of travel rela vention is therefore claimed in any of its _forms tive to which the strips are advanced by the or modifications within the legitimate and valid 30 common strip feeding device, and a plurality of scope of the appended claims. . . 'r ' ì receivers, into which different strips are diver-s Having thus described the invention, what gently directed by the guides. ' . is claimed is: ' _ » ' '1. In a strip separatingvapparatus, the corn--~ 1. A separating apparatus for an assembly of superposed strips, at least a portion of which 35 bination with 'a strip feeding device common to a plurality of superposed continuous strips to` have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes, be separated, of a series'of spaced strip guides a frame, a‘pin type feeding device at the top yof relative to'which the strips are progressively ad . the frame for engagement in the said feed holes for collectively advancing the »strips in unison from a source of supply, a support over which the strips are progressively advanced, multiple pairs of guide elements located below the level of the pin type feeding device, between the members of the respective pairs of which indi vidual strips are‘advanced divergently from the support, and receivers into which the individual strips are delivered from the respective pairs ‘of guide elements. _ vanced in downwardly divergent directions, and 'ì a plurality of receivers into which certain of the strips guides. are ~ individually` ' delivered ' from said , 8. In- a strip separating apparatus wherein strips of a collective packet are individually de 45 posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding device-common to aplurality of strips, separate receivers for individual strips to which the strips are simultaneously delivered, and means for im 2. A separating apparatus for an assembly- of ' parting a succession of vibratory, impulses to superposed strips, at least a portion of which so the strips intermediate the strip feeding device _~ and the receivers. have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes, a 9. In a strip separating apparatus whereinv frame, a pin type' feeding deyice at the top of strips of a collective packet are individually de the frame for engagement in the said feed holes posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding for collectively advancing the strips in unison from a source of supply, -a support over which 55 device common to a plurality of> strips, separate receivers for individual strips to which the strips the strips are progressively advanced, a plurali are simultaneously delivered, and vibratory ty of downwardly directed radially '~ disposed means for agitating the strips during their ad guides for individual strips of the assembly- to vancement by the strip feeding device. which the strips are delivered by said pin type ,10. In a strip separating apparatus wherein feeding device, and a plurality of receivers into col l strips of a collective packet'are individually de which the several strips are independently' de posited into separate receivers, a strip feeding livei'ed from said radially disposed guides.' device common to a plurality of strips, separate 3. A separating apparatus fôr an assembly of receivers -for individual strips to which the strips` superposed 4strips, at least a portion ofwwhich are simultaneously delivered, and impulse trans 4have therein longitudinally spaced feed holes,” mitting means for effecting a jogging effect upon a frame, a pin type feeding device at the top of _ the advancing strips. the frame for engagement in the said feed holes 11._ Inv a.- strip nseparating apparatus wherein for collectively advancing the strips in unison strips of a collective packet are individually de from a source of supply, a support over which posited into’ separate receivers, a strip feeding the strips are progressively advanced, a plurali device comirìon` to a plurality of strips, separate ty of relatively spaced guide devices located be receive'rs for individual strips toy which the strips - low the level of said support to -which the strips are simultaneouslydelivered,‘and a beater mem are individually directed downwardly from the ber repetitiously engaging a plurality of the common support through radiating paths of v travel, and separate receivers for the individual 75 strips beyond the feeding device. _2,368,883 ing device ~for advancing a plurality of such strips to a separation point, a plurality of spaced guides relative to which different strips of the plurality are advanced.' and a plurality of spaced strip 12.. A strip separating apparatus wherein an assembly of superposed independent strips are separated from each other, a strip feeding means common to the assembly of strips and operative to advance the strips in unison, a plurality of guides for the individual-strips relative to which the strips are individually advanced, and means for transmitting a succession of vibratory im pulses to the strips during their approach to the individual guides. _ receivers disposed in vertically spaced relation one above another, to which different strips of , the plurality are directed by the guides. 21. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a packet Il) _ 13. In a .strip separating apparatus, a strip feeding device for collectively advancing a plu rality of strips past aseparation point, a’plurallty of separate receivers for the separated strips, guide means for directing separated strips to in dividual receivers, and a beater device ’for im of collectively assembled ' superposed strips are separated into independent packets.' a strip feeding device for effecting simultaneous advancement of a plurality of such strips, guide means for4 directing the strips in relatively in clined paths o_f travel, and Aa, plurality of spaced receivers into which diiferent strips“ are de posited. _ 22. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu parting to the strips a percussion action during _rality of strip guides relative to which'diiïerent advancement thereof. strips pass downwardly from a collective as 14. In a strip separating apparatus, a strip feeding device‘ for collectively advancing a plu 20 sembly thereof, a plurality of receiving com partments to which certain of the strips are rality of strips past a separation point, a plu directed by said guide chutes, and strip folding rality of separate receivers for the separated means for causing certain of the strips to be strips, guide means for directing separated strips folded` in zigzag packs in the receiving com to individual receivers, and a shock imparting device eñec'tive to impart vibratory motion to the 25 partments. 23. In a "strip separating apparatus, a plu strips as they are advanced by the strip feeding rality of guide chutes relative to which different device. ß 15. The herein described method of separating- ‘ strips pass ‘ downwardly from a collective as sembly thereof, receiving - compartments ar a manifolding assembly of continuous alternating strips of record and transfer material, including 30 ranged in superposed spaced relation into which advancing the assembly of strips in'unison past - a separation point, separately directing different strips of the assembly through separate paths of ' certain of the strips are directed by the 4guide chutes, and-strip folding means for causing cer tain of the strips to be folded in zigzkag forma travel, transmitting vibratory motion to the strips tion'within the compartments. ' 24. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu during advancement thereof, and collecting the 35 separately directed strips into separate portions. rality of guide chutes, relative to which different 16, The herein> described method of separating strips lpass downwardly from a collective as a unitaryr- packet of interfolded superposed con sembly thereof, a. plurality of receivers, one for tinuous alternating record and transfer strips each guide chute to which the strips are di into plural packets, including advancing the 40 rected thereby, and spaced strip guides adjacent. superposed strips in unison from the initial to the guide chute entrances for guiding different packet, directing diñerent strips thereof through strips to corresponding guide chutes. separate paths of travel, shaking the strips dur 25. In a strip separating apparatus, a plu ing advancement thereof and refolding the sepa 45 rality of guides arranged side by side relative to rated strips of the initial single packet into a plu which different strips pass downwardly from an rality of packets. assembly thereof, receivers to which different strips are directed by corresponding guides, a 17. A strip separating apparatus, including a support for a supply pack of collectively assem supporting structure., a strip feeding device for advancing in unison a plurality of superposed 50 bled strips to be separated at one side of the entrance to said guides, a strip assembly guide strips past a separating position, and an agi tator for the strips actuated in unison with the ~ relative to which the assembly of strips is col lectively advanced intermediate the support for strip feeding device operative upon the strips ` the supply pack and the >entrances to the strip during their advancement. 18. A strip separating apparatus, including'v a 55 guides, and feeding means for inducing travel movement of the assembly of strips relative to . supporting structure, a strip feeding device for said strip assembly guide. > advancing in unison a plurality of superposed 26. A strip separating apparatus, including a strips past a separating position, and an agitator strip feeding device for feeding anI assembly of imparting~ to the ‘strips alternating movement perpendicular to' the planes of the strips during 60 -superposed record strips. a guide wall, over which their’ advancement. ' the strips are collectively advanced from a sup ply pack thereof, a plurality of inclined guides 19. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a. packet arranged side by side,l relative-to which different of collectively assembled superposed strips are strips are separately‘directed, and a plurality separated into independent packets, a strip feed ing device for advancing a plurality of such 65 of strip receiving vcompartments arranged in superposed vertically spaced relation one above strips to a separation point, a. plurality 'of in another to which the strips are directed, and clined spaced guides relative to which dilîerent means associated with the receiving compart strips of the plurality are advanced and a plu ments to induce zigzag folding of the strips rality of spaced strip receivers disposed in verti cally spaced relation one above another, to which ro 27.- A strip separating `apparatus.- including a diñerent strips of the plurality are directed by strip feeding device for advancing an assembly the guides. ' of superposed continuous strips from a source , -20. A strip feeding apparatus, wherein a packet of supply to a, point of separation, a plurality of collectively assembled superposed strips are separated into independent packets, a strip feed 75 .of receiving compartments, guide means for therein. ~ _ 1 directing dinèrent Àstrips of the assembly 'inw " Ètrips from` the chutes, strip folding» means for diñerent receiving compartments, and strip causing certain o_f the strips to be folded’ in'zig zag packs in the respective receiving' compart folding means associated with the receiving com partments for eñecting automatic folding of the ,~ _ments, and. a plurality of strip guides adjacent strìps ventering the compartments into inde- '5 to the chute entrance vpassageways >for guiding pendent zigzag packets. ` the strips to the latter. 28. In a strip separating apparatus, in com bination, a plurality of gravity chutes, side by side, in which strips from an assembly pass downwardly by gravity, receiving compartments l 0 with which the lower ends of certain said chutes ~ respectively communicate so as to receive the ‘ = KATHERINE M. SHERMAN. WILLIAM C. SHERMAN, WEILMORE B. TURNER, . Executors of the Estate of John Q. Sherman, ‘ Deceased.