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Патент USA US2368899

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Feb. 6, 1945.
P_ H_ TAYLOR
2,368,899
QUICK RELEASE MECHANI SM
Filed Sept. 14, 1942
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INVENTOR
PAUL H. TAYLoR.
BY
I
ATTORN EY
Patented Feb. 6, 1945
. 2,368,899: I;
UNITED lsi'vpxriazs PATENT OFFICE
QUICK vRELEASE MECHANISM -
Paul H. Taylor, _NorthvTonawanda,N. Y., assign
or to Curtiss-Wright' Corporation, a corpora
tion of Delaware
Application September 14, 1942, Serial'No. 458,325
4 Claims.
(01. 16-4176,) ‘
This invention relates to a quickly releasable
hinge mechanism which may be, used for quick
release of emergency doors, life rafts, or ofan
emergency ?oatation gear.
It is an object of this invention to provide a
quickly releasable securing means between two
members. In the conventional hinge connection
abutting each other. .The member 24 may then
be shifted to. the rightto movethe hinge pins .to
the position illustrated in Fig. 1 whereby the
plates l0 and 16 are securely hinged together.
Plates [0 and I6 may be quickly detached mere
ly by shifting member 24 to the left the short
between two members it is necessary to move the
they are substantially enclosed by their respec
tive tubular portions I2 or l8. As illustrated, the
hinge pin its entire length before the hinge parts
may be separated. It isan object of this in
vention to provide a hinge connection in which
a relatively short movement of the hinge pin
means is su?icient to effect‘release of the hinge
parts. It is a further object of this invention to
provide a quick release hinge mechanism in which
the hinge may be of any desired length but‘ the
movement of the hinge pin means necessary to
distance necessary to move each pin 22 so that
i tubular portions [2 and I8 are of substantially
the same length while the interposed notches are
slightly larger to provide the necessary clear
ance. Therefore, as illustrated, the hinge 'pins
22 are all of the same length and the member
24 is adapted to shift the pins so-that they ex
tend approximately half way into the adjacent
' tubular portion to sec'urely'hinge plates l0 and
release the hinge. parts is approximately only
I6 together. Thus, it is merely necessary to move
equal to one-half the length of the hinge joint
member 24 a distance approximately equal to
20 half the length of pins 22 in order to separate
notches.
Further objects will be apparent in reading the
the plates. Extensions 26 and 28 of member 24
annexed detailed description in connection with
are of such length that the bent ends 30 of mem
the drawing, in which:
ber 24 cooperate with the end tubular portions
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the novel securing hinge
l8 to act as a stop means for limiting the move
ment of member 24 to approximately half the
means;
_
Figs. 2 and 3 are plan views of the respective
length of pins 22. Thus, the member 24 may be
hinge parts;
quickly moved from one extreme position to the
_ Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of one of the hinge
other to quickly release the plates l0 and I6..
P1115;
Obviously, member 24 may have any desired
-
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of line 5--5 30 shape or construction, and separate stop means '
may be provided thereon to properly limit its
'
Fig. 6 is an enlarged sectional view on the line
movement. Plate [0 is provided with resilient
6—5 of Fig. 1.
clamp members 32 which are adapted to hold
Referring to the drawing, a hinge plate I 0 is
member 24 in the hinge position to prevent re
provided with spaced cylindrical or tubular por
lease of the plates l0 and I6 by accidentalshift-_
tions or knuckles l2 having notched portions
ing of member 24. Each clamp includes a spring
?nger 34 which prevents accidental shifting of
therebetween. A hinge plate I6 is similarly pro
member 24. Plate I0 is also provided with ?anges
vided with tubular portions or knuckles l8 hav
36 having bent ends 38 which cooperate with the
ing notched portions 20 therebetween. The tubu
lar portions 12 and I8 and notches l4‘ and 20 of 40 member 24 to help aline the plates preparatory
the plates l0 and IB are of such'length that the
to shifting the member 24 to hinge the plates
together. Also, if desired, means may be pro
tubular portions may be alined as in a conven
vided to prevent pins 22 from falling out when
tional hinge, as illustrated in Fig. 1. For the
the plates [0 and I6 are separated.
sake of clearness, the clearance between the vari
ous parts has been exaggerated on the drawing. 45
It is to be noted that the various tubular por
tions 12 and I8 need not lbe of the same length.
Hinge pins 22 are provided in each of the tubular ,
It is merely necessary that these portions of each
portions l2 and I8 except in the two end tubular
plate be adapted to be inter?tted and alined, that
portions [8. A slidable U-shaped member or
the hinge pins 22 correspond to the length of
operator 24 has extensions 26 and 28 extending
into the end tubular portions I8 of plate l6, as 50 their respective tubular portions, and that the
member 24'be arranged to shift the pins to bridge
illustrated in Fig. 3.
the gap between adjacent tubular portions.
With the pins 22 and-member 24 in the posi
While I have described my invention in detail
tion illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, the plates l0 and
in its present preferred embodiment, it will be
I5 may be brought together with the tubular
of Fig.- 1; and
portions l2 and i8 in alinement and the pins 22
obvious to those skilled in ,the art, after under
2
2,368,899
standing my invention, that various changes and
modi?cations may be made therein without de
‘parting from the spirit or~scope thereof. I aim
in the appended claims to cover all such modi?
cations and changes.
‘
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination, a pair of members having
a hinge joint therebetween comprisingaplurality
of inter?tted alined hinge knuckles and a com
knuckles on the other of said members to help
aline the hinge knuckles of said members prior
to assembly of said hinge joint.
3. In combination, a pair of members having
a hinge joint therebetween, said joint comprising
a plurality of alined hinge knuckles and a com
posite hinge pin disposed within said knuckles,
said compositepin comprising .a-plurality of abut
ting sections longitudinally movable :to aline the
posite hinge pin disposed within said'knuckles, 10 abutting junctions of said sections with the ad
joining ends of the hinge knuckles-to permit
assembly or disassembly ‘of said hinge joint, and
a. pair “of :?anges adjacent the opposed ends of
longitudinally movable to aline or disaline said '
. said‘hinge joint and cooperable with portions of
pin sections with the adjoining ends of the hinge
said composite pin projecting from said hinge
- knuckles to respectively permit or ‘prevent sepa
knucklestolfacilitate alinement of the hinge‘
ration of said members, the end, sections of said
knuckles prior to assembly whereupon said com
composite pin projecting beyond the knuckles of
' posite pin‘may be‘ moved longitudinally to prevent
said hinge joint, and guide means cooperablewith
disassembly of said hinge joint.
the projecting end sections of said composite pin
to help aline the hinge knuckles of said members ' to
4. In combination, a pair of members having
a hinge joint therebetweemsaid ‘joint comprising
prior to assembly of said ‘hinge joint.
.
a plurality of alined hingeknuckles and a com
‘2. ‘In ‘combination, a pair of membersihaving
posite hinge pin disposed within said knuckles,
a ‘hinge joint therebetween ‘comprising . a plurality
said composite pin comprising a plurality of sec¢
tions disposed in abutting relationship and being
of‘ inter?ttedalined hinge knuckles and ‘a com
said {composite pin comprising a plurality'o'f abut;
ting ‘sections longitudinally movable to prevent
or permit separation of said hinge joiri-t,2and*a
said-‘composite pin comprising --a plurality of sec
pair of guide ?anges disposed adjacent the op
tions disposed in abutting relationship and ‘being
posed'ends‘of :said hinge joint,‘:each of said ?anges
longitudinally movable to aline or disaline-t'he
extending from one of said members 1‘and being
abuttingjunctions of said sections ‘with the ad
joining ends of the hinge knuckles to ‘respectively 30 engageable with-a portion of said vcomposite pin
projectingfrom the hinge knuckles on the" other
permit or'prevent ‘separation of ‘said members,
of said members forsimultaneous'ly alining allthe
and-“?ange means on one of said members adja
hinge knuckles of said members ‘prior to assembly
cent the opposed ends of said ‘hinge ‘joint, said '
of said hinge joint.
?ange means being cooperable with :a portion of
said composite 'pin projecting from vthe ‘hinge 85
I
posite hinge ‘pin disposed. withinsaidknuckles,
-
‘
PAUL"H.‘TAYLOR.
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