Патент USA US2369600код для вставки
Feb.‘ 13, 1945. A c, NELSEN 2,369,600 _ COMBINATION LATHE-TOOL Filed Oct. 13, 1943 ‘ I /@ ' F - , - 2 ‘ _ 4 Sheets-Sheet l ' VIrNVENTOR. mired-s 6/ ielsen j BY Z Z V 3 2 4/775. Feb. 13, 1945. > A. c. NIELSEN ’ 2,369,600 COMB INAT ION LATHE-TOOL Filed Oct. 13, 1943 Bit‘ 0 6 _ 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 W‘ 6 67 66 F129- .9 ‘ '4/ - 2/ ‘ ' a //8 my. 15 Fig. 16 ' INVENTOR. I jndraas 812/3150?’ ‘ wawad?' 31/275. Feb. 13, 1945'. _ A_ c. NELSEN ' 2,369,600 COMBINATION LATHE-TOOL Filed Oct. 13,’ 1943 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 v INVENTOR, ?dreaw 5. j’Viélselz . BY ' ,yl/ Feb. 13, 1945. A. c. NIELSEN 2,369,600 COMBINATION LATHE-TOOL Filed 061;. 13, 1943 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Patented Feb. 13, 1945 . . '7 2,369,600" UNITED I STATES" . PATENT‘, OFFICE Y ' , 2,369,600} ’ v _ COMBINATION LATHE-roof. . "- ' ' ‘ “ ' , ‘ Andreas G. Nielsen, East Cleveland, Ohio Application October 13, 1943,‘Serial;-'No. 506,120‘, I I ' 1o1ami. (CL-29448) - ' I I » plates, removed from thejcheek carrying post. _ mgmeu is'ia‘ "view ‘in side elevation‘ of the cheek plate shown, in Figure ‘10 looking in the directionof vthearrows B--B in-Figure 10 to dividually mounted cutters or bits well under; stood by others skilled in the art. ' Figure 10 isa top plan view of one of the cheek / My inventionj'relates broadly to a combinae I tion lathe-tool, comprising one or several inc-v ‘ The object of this invention is to provide va simple construction having efficient means for the purpose of facilitating the tool setting pref illlustrate the position therein. . j of " the chamber ‘50 '. v . Figure 12 is a top plan view of the shouldered I paratory to turning. .The stop- engaging member mounted in ‘the base has a slight. rotationalmovement to com: nut 39 with its socket?llister head cap screw 52. Figure 13 is; a side ‘view of the shouldered nut pensate for the exact want of alignment of‘ the Figure 14 is a plan view of the stop engaging shown in Fig. 12. stop receiving groove formed in the removably and adjustably mounted stop member or mem-, bers in the tool carrying member, thus obviate ing the effort of positioning the tool mounting to an exact index marking as is usual withgjla ' ' ' member (l5 mounted in‘ the base l0, clearly shown in position in Figure 2. construction, combination and‘tarrangement ‘of parts hereinafter set forth as shown by the ac, ‘ ‘ Figure .15 'is' aside view of the stop engaging it member shown‘ in Figure 14. ' Figure 16 is a‘ front View of the stop engaging tool mounted on a compound rest on a lathe;~ I The invention consists substantially in the member shownlin Figures 14 and 15. t Figure 17 is a side view of the stop engaging 20 member and the handle by means of which it is ' manually voperated in thebase. Figure 18 is an end view of the handle shown in companying drawings and ?nally pointed out in the appended claim. .7 " Figure 17 ‘illustrating- the position’ of the ec Reference is to be had to the accompanying. drawings forming a part of thisvspeci?cation in I centric; pin thereon. ‘ Figure lis‘ a top plan view of the combina tion lathe-tool, one of the closure plates 66 has been removed to show the arcuate slot in the member being provided with a boring bar, the I Figure 19 is. a ‘top plan view of a variant of a which like reference characters‘ indicate corre-' 25 tool carrying‘ member that may be mounted on sponding parts throughout the several‘ views. : the base shown in Figure 2, the tool carrying plate 31,, and its approximate position therein between the cheek carrying posts. ._ . 30 in'Figure l9. } illustrating the approximate position of the stop engaging member l5, and the handle l6 by means: 35 ~ ‘ I I ’ Figure 4 is a side .view of the ‘T' shaped member shown in Figure 3. ' I I Figure 5 is a sectional view taken on line ,A—-A in Fig. 1. , r " ' Figures 19‘ and 20. . ' ' "I‘hebase ‘l0 isformed with an eccentric II, and a: perpendicular cylindrical tubular member of Figure which it3 is ismanipulated. an end' view ‘of the _ rTI _shaped ) I ‘ '_ "Figureh21 is'a plan view of the groovedring that may be adjustably mounted in the recess provided‘in the tool carrying member shown in Figure 2 isaplan view of the base and further member. boring barpbeing shown fragmentary} ‘ .' “Figure 20 is a side view of the variant shown 40 . ' Figure 5A is a bottom viewof Figure 5 taken I? havinga common center with the eccentric. The upper endl3 of‘ the aforesaid cylindrical member is provided with an external screwthread |4_for the reception of thefnut 33. In the base there is provided a vertically positioned movable stop engagingvmember l5 which is manipulated ‘by. meansof the handle l6~.. on the line C--C, the base has been removed to disclose the recess in the tool carrying member, 45 ,g .The stop’ engaging member comprises a’ solid cylindrical portion“ having its periphery in and also the removably mounted adjusta le. te'rrupted to provide a ?at surface as at’ Hi. In segmental Figure 6 sections is a planinview the of recess. one of the segments separated from the tool carrying member. " Figure '7 is an edge elevation of the segment the cylindrical portion there is provided atrans so verse groove l9‘for the reception of the eccen trically positioned pin 23 integrally.‘ formed on the‘ end of the cylindrical portion 22-of the han shown , Figure in 8Fig. is a6. plan _ view of ' one ' of the closure dle l6. plates separated from the tool carrying member.’ member is reduced‘ and is adapted to engage in Figure 9 is an edge elevation of thewclosurjei plate shown in Figure 8. > I - ~ I The, portion 2| of the stop engaging I a groove formed in the segment or ring herein-. to after described. ' 1 ' 2: ‘ 2,369,600 In-the solid cylindrical portion 22 of the han dle l6 there is provided a through bore 24 adapt ed to receive-the pin 25, the portion 26 of which projects beyond the cylindrical portion and is 52 threaded therein are shown in Figs. 12 and Y13. In the plate portion 31 of g the tool carrying member 3| adjacent its bottom surface there is provided ?xedly mounted horizontally extending adapted to engage the upper wall of the eloni gated recess 21 formed in the underside of the base. Detail views of the stop engaging mem ber and the handle are shown in Figs. 14, 15, 16 and 17. The recess 21 in the base is shown in studs 42, 43 and 44, all alike, one being provided for each cheek plate, these studs are shown clear ly in the bottom view of the tool carrying mem ber 3| in Fig. 5A. In the face of each of the cheek plate carrying Figs. 1 and 2 in [dotted lines, and the relation of 10 posts there is provided a vertically extending par the portion “28 ‘of?the .pin in the recess is also allelgroove'45, seeposition of the grooves in Fig. 1. shown vin Figs. 1 and 2. A detail viewv of the pin The surface remote from the groove is angularly extending out from the cylindrical portion 22 of ‘ inclined as illustrated in Fig. 1 at 46. . the handle I6 is shown in Figs. 17 and 18. The projecting portion 26 of the pin. iszadapt- .1; The cheek plate 41 in which the tool bit 48 is ed to limit the rotational movement of the han dle to 180° in its movement in the base'by'en-"PT gaging the upper wall of the- recess :21 formed; ._ therein. When the handle is turned clock-wise, the stop engaging member is released from the‘? 520 groove formedin the segment or ringmounted in the recess formed inthe tool carrying mem ber, and when turned‘counter-clockwise it is moved upward into the groove. .The movement removablyand adjustably secured by means of the set screw 54 is machined to ?t the cheek plate carrying post‘ with‘ accuracy; and the integrally formed rib 4.9 on .the cheek plate slidingly ?ts in the groove 45 formed in the cheek plate carrying post ‘and is adapted to keep the cheek plate in _ exact alignment thereon as ,well as to assist in taking the thrust .on the tool bit in the machin ing operation. In the cheek plate there is pro vided a chamber 50. remote from the ribv 49 but is impartedto the stop' engaging member by 25 parallel therewith that extends from its bottom means of the eccentric pin 23on the. end of the cylindrical portion of the‘handle acting as a cam surface part way up its length and into which one The T shaped member 28 isadapted to ?t. in the slot provided to receive the same‘in the con the cheek plate upward on the cheek plate carry ing post‘ to adjust the height of the tool bit car ried thereby, and’ when the'set'screw 5| is screwed upward the cheek plate may be manually forced downward to properly position vthe tool bit rela tive to the stock ‘being machined. The socket of the ?xedly, mounted horizontally extending in the transverse groove l9 formed in the stop studs may extend. The chamber 50 in the cheek engaging member. The aforesaid movement ‘plate is shown in the bottom view of the tool car transmitting means is, longitudinally mounted rying member in Fig. 5A,, and also in the detail in the base In, see Fig. 1. The stopengaging 30- views of the cheek plate shown in Figs. 10 and 11. member has a slightrotationalslack‘in the base A set screw 5| in the cheek plate extends vertical to compensate for want of exactalignmentv of ly downward into the chamber 50, and is adapted the groove formed in the segment .orring. In to engage the horizontally extending stud projecti the arrangementof the parts shown in the de- : ing from the plate portion of the .tool carrying tail assembled view shownin Fig.,17, itwill be I member thereinto. See position of the afore noted that the end of the cylindrical‘ portion ‘22 mentioned studsin Fig. 5A. . is spaced apart a short distance .from the ‘?at When the socket. ?llister head cap screw 52 in face l8 on the stop engaging member, this con the counterbore 53, in the cheek plate 41 is re struction allows the stop engaging member to leased in the nut 39 mounted in the cheek plate rotate slightly to enter the groove, in the. segmentv carrying post, the. setscrew 5| in the cheek plate or ring should it be out of. exactalignment with with its tool bit 48 may be'screwed down against the portion 2 I the stud extending into the chamber 50 to force ventional compound rest. on a standard lathe, and the base l0 isheld in. clamped position‘ thereon by means of a socket ?llister head cap screw 29-that extends down through the perpendicular cylin drical portion on the base to thread‘ into vthe 50 ?llister head cap screw 52 is adapted to clamp the threaded bore 30 provided therein to'receivethe same. The aforementioned T shaped member 28 and the socket ?llister head can screw 2915 provided to clamp the base on the. compound, rest of the lathe, well understood by those skilled. in‘ the art. " On the base there is removably mounted a ro-. tatable tool carrying member 3| and is held there on by meansof friction washer 32 and the nut '33. The tool carrying member is providedwith applurality of spaced perpendicular cheek plate carrying posts as at 34, 35and 36,.shown in .the plan view Fig. .1. As these cheek plate carrying. posts are all of similar. construction, it. is thought cheek plate‘against‘the cheek plate carrying post through its cooperation with the shouldered nut. The tool bit is held in position in the cheek plate by means of the set screw 54 that is threaded into the cheek plate and engages the tool bit as shown in the detail view in Fig. 11. v In the bottom surface of the plate portion '31 there is provided an annular recess 55 concentric ' with the eccentric II on the base I'll, in which an annular ring 56 as shown in'Fig. 21 or a plurality of segmental sections such‘as‘that shown in‘the bottom view in Fig. 5A at 51, 58 and 59 may be' ad— justably andz-removably mounted ‘ therein. The ringor segment‘ may be provided with one that a description of one of them willsu?iceifor 65 or more stop engaging grooves as "shown at 60 all. The check plate carrying post is integrally formed with the plate portion. 3| of the toolcar rying member and is provided with a vertically extending elongated through slot.38 for the re ception of :theslidably mounted nut 39, which is provided "witha treaded’bore 40 and a shoulder 4| atone-end, provided to prevent the nut slipping through the slot formed in the cheek plate carry and 6|, see Fig. -21,~orv as at 62-.in the segment. See detail views'8 and 1, also the segments ‘in place in the bottom view-Fig. 5A. ‘ In the plate portion .31zthere is provided_a plu-v rality-of curved or arcu'ate- elongated slots posi tioned between the cheek plate carrying posts disposed in~a circle as at ‘63, “and 65. See the position of the aforesaid slots in the- dotted lines ing post’ in which it is mounted. Detail views of the‘nut 39'with a socket ?llister'head cap screw. 75 in Fig. 5A, also in Fig.1 under the closure plates 66. In Fig, 1, one of the closure. plates “has been 3 2,369,600 cess ‘formed in the bottom surface thereof, an removed to clearly showthe position of the ar cuate slot in the plate portion 31, and the seg— ‘ment below in the recess. eccentric portion on its upper surface,‘ a perpen dicular cylindrical tubular portion concentric with the ‘eccentric,the'upperend of which-is ' " A closure plate 66 is provided'for each of the provided with an external screwthread, a handle aforesaid arcuate slots, and each is provided with a hole 61 through it for the reception of a socket ?llister head cap screw 68 that extends having a cylindrical portion having a through bore therein and aneccentrically positioned pin threaded bore in the segment oryring adapted to receive the same. The socket ?llister head von the endthere'of', longitudinally mounted in the base, a pin mounted in the through bore in the cylindrical portion of the handle and hav ing a portion thereof projecting therefrom to cap screw is provided to hold the closure plate in place over the arcuate slot, and also to secure handle in the base, a stop engaging member 1 through the closure plate, the plate portion 3‘! , of‘ the tool carrying member '3! to engage in a engage the upper wall of the elongated'recess ~ formed in the base to limit the rotation of the ‘ the segment or ring» in‘ place in therecess 55, The curved or 15 mounted in'the base vertically to the longitu- I ' before and after adjustment. dinally mounted handle, having a reduced up per portion, and having a ?at surface formed arcuate slots are provided'to permit the adjust ~ment of thetool carrying member3l on the base rotationally. The closure plate 66 is adapted to thereon having a transverse groove formed therein to receive the eccentrically positioned keep the metal chips out of the slots, and also pin on the handle, the handle being adapted to to act as a friction washer under the socket 20 actuate the stop engaging member through the ?llister head cap screw. ‘ , eccentrically positioned pin- thereon acting as a ' cam in the transverse groove, a tool, carrying , When it is necessary to adjust the tool bit rotationally relative to the stock being machined, p the predetermined socket ?llister head cap screw‘ . member comprising a plate having an’annular is released, thus releasing the segment or ring 25 recess formed in the under surface thereof con centric with the eccentric on the base, a plu in the recess 55, after which the tool carrying rality of perpendicular arranged cheek plate carrying posts integral with the plate portion, member may be rotated slightly to the right or ytlieleft to bring the tool bit in to proper posi tion, and when properly positioned the released the plate portion having arcuate slots formed therein‘ between the cheek plate carrying posts,‘ socket ?llister» head cap screw is tightened, 30 the plate carrying posts each being pro securing the tool carrying member in position on 'Videdcheek with a vertical elongated vthrough?slot, the base.‘ and having adjacent thereto a ‘parallel vertical It, is obvious that the down-time for tool groove, ?xedly mounted longitudinally'extending grinding and resetting is cut down to, a mini studs mounted in the plate portion adjacent its mum, and production may be vstepped up. Fur thermore the tool bit is solidly clamped and sup ported with a minimum of overhang. ' 35 V lower surface, acheek plate removably and ad justably mounted on‘ each cheek plate carrying post and provided with an integral rib and also having a chamber formed therein parallel the; rib‘ but remote therefrom, the rib engag in Fig. 2 to illustrate how various tool carrying‘ 40, to ing] in the parallel groove in the cheek carrying ‘ vmembersmay be ‘substituted thereon. To re post,’ and the chamber receiving one of, the move the tool carrying member and replace it I In the variant shown in Figs. 19 and 20, a bor ing bar holder 69 is mounted on the base‘shown ?xedly mounted longitudinally extending studs, with another, the nut 33 and the washer 32 are aiset screw in the cheek plate and extending the stud extending placed on the base, the washer and nut .restored 45 ‘into the chamber to engage thereinto, a 'socket ?llister head cap‘ screw in to their respective place, then the ring or seg the cheek plate adapted to hold the cheek plate ments are adjusted to meet the exigencies of use. on the cheek plate carrying post through its co A face plate for a lathe is shown at 10 with a operation with a shouldered nut slidably mount standard lathe dog 1| mounted on a piece of stock centered on a lathe center mounted in the to ed in the vertical elongated through slot in the cheek- plate carrying post, ‘a tool bit removably headstock spindle in the vwell known manner _ removed and the selected tool carrying member, and familiar to those skilled in the'art. ‘The and adjustably mounted in the cheek plate and combination lathe-tool, with one of its tool bits grooved segments removably and adjustably in operative position is shown in Figure 1. . held j therein by a set screw, a plurality of ' mounted in‘ the recess in the plate portion, a It is believed that the operation of the com bination lathe-tool will be clear, in. view of the closure I plate having a hole therethrough to foregoing description which has been given in - connection with that of the construction. cover an arcuate slot in'the plate portion, ,a .socket ?llister head cap screw passing through the hole in the closure plate and down through thearcuate slot formed in the plate portion tov ' 60 engage in a threaded bore in the segment ing'from the spirit or essential attributes there- ' mounted in the recess in the plate'portion to of;' and'I therefore desire that the present em secure the segment, a friction washer mounted ' bodiments to be considered in all respects as on the cylindrical tubular portion and a, nut illustrative and not restrictive, reference being had to the appended claim rather than to the 65 threaded thereon to secure the tool carrying member ‘on the base, and a socket ?llister head foregoing description to indicate the scope‘ of the , cap screw passing down through thecylindrical tubularv portion and threadedly engaging a-T Having thus described my invention, What I I am aware that ‘my invention may be em- - bodied in other speci?c forms without depart invention. ' ' ‘1 -~ shapedmember cooperating therewith to secure - claim is: ' ' I ' In a device of the class described, comprising, in combination, a base having an elongated re 1 ‘ the device on a lathe. ' , , ANDREAS C.. NIELSEN.