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Патент USA US2370754

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Filed Oct. 27, 1942
I0.y C"
row; and due to the manner of spacing the fas
tener elements and the hooks, there may be un
intentional simultaneous engagement of the hooks
with fastener elements of different pairs, which
causes the part that carries the hook to be thrown
out of line with or in diagonal or twisted relation
to the fastener tape. This is objectionable es
pecially when the fastener is embodied in a gar
ment such-asabrassière where the fastener is
ities of the cross strips are located beneath the
inwardly folded longitudinal edge portions 3 of
the base strip as clearly shown in Figures 2 and 4.
Suitable means is provided for securing the end
portions of the cross strips to the base strip and
as shown lines of stitches 5 extend longitudinally
of the base strip and transversely of said cross
strips, each penetrating one inwardly folded edge
portion 3, the main portion of the base strip and
obscured for example at the back of the wearer 10 the cross strips 4.
while being hooked.
A top strip 6 of suitable material such as textile
Accordingly a further object of my invention is
fabric, extends longitudinally of the base strip
to provide an adjustable fastener which shall be
and traverses the cross strips 4 intermediate their
constructed in a novel and improved manner to
ends, the longitudinal edges of the top strip 6
overcome such disadvantages of known adjust 16 being spaced from the edges of the inwardly folded
able fasteners and to ensure accurate and easy
portions 3 so as to expose portions of the cross
engagement of the hooks with the fastener ele
strips 4 between them. Suitable means is pro
vided for securing the top strip E and the cross
ments at all times.
Other objects, advantages and results of the
strips 4 to the base strip A at points spaced in-`
invention will be brought out by the following 20 wardly from the lines of stitches 5 and as shown
descriptionin conjunction with the accompany
such means comprises lines of stitches 1 each
ing drawing in which
Figure 1 is a rear elevational view of a brassière
having applied thereto an adjustable fastener.
Figure 2 is a composite view on an enlarged
scale showing one section of the fastener in plan
extending longitudinally of the top strip adja
cent one edge thereof and transversely of the
cross strips and penetrating the top strip, the
cross strips and the base strip. It is desirable
that the lines of stitches 5 and 'l include a plu
rality of superposed stitches A8 at the points where
said lines traverse the cross strips 4, so that the
vertical longitudinal sectional View on the line
cross strips are firmly secured to the base strip,
3-3 of Figure 1, and
30 The spaces between the edges of the top strip 6
Figure 4 is an enlarged transverse vertical sec
and the inwardly folded edge portions B form a '
tional view on lthe line 4-4 of Figure 2.
channel to guide and receive the hooks as the
In its broader aspects my fastener comprises
latter are connected to the cross strips. Each .
two sections A and B one of which includes one
line of stitches 5 and the adjacent line of stitches
and the other section in perspective.
Figure 3 isa further enlarged fragmentary
or more rows of fastener elements C with which 35 1 traverse the cross strips or bars 4 and form a
selectively cooperates the other section B of the
plurality of independent pockets of which said
fastener which includes a hook I2 for each row
of fastener elements. While theinvention con
cross strips constitute the sides arranged one be
hind the other with their openings transverse of
the strip and adapted to be engaged by a hook
templates the application of the fastener element
C and the hooks I2 directly to two parts to be 40 I2, the openings of the pockets being arranged
connected, for example two parts of a garment
in a direction transverse to the direction of pull
or article, the invention more particularly is di
of the hook on the cross strip.
Preferably each cross strip 4 comprises a, plu
rectedto a fastener wherein the fastener elements
' are connected to a tape or strip I, which is applied
rality of plies of material stitched together, and
to a portion of a garment or an article such as 45 as shown, each cross strip is formed of a single
piece of textile fabric having its longitudinal edge '
one end of a brassière D, and the hooks I2 are
attached to a, tab or strip 2 which is connected
portions folded inwardly as at 9 and brought into
to the other portion of the garment or article,
superimposed' relation to each other by a fold IIl
such as the other end of the brassière D.
in the strip that extends along the longitudinal>
More specifically describing the invention, the 50 median linethereof. Lines of stitches Il extend
part A of th'e fastener includes the body or base
ing longitudinally of the strip secure the several
plies together. The cross strips 4 thusl are rela»
strip I of suitable material, for example textile
fabric that has its longitudinal edge portions
tively stiff and strong so as to reenforce the base
strip against unintentional folding or wrinkling,
folded inwardly upon the same side of the strip
55 which is especially desirable where the fastener
as at 3.
Each fastener element C comprises a cross
strip or bar of suitable material such as textile
is used on a, garment such as a brassière.
ments of each pair are formed by the same cross
tion of the hook from the cross strip.
strip. Preferably there are a -plurality of. cross
strips 4 extending transversely of the base strip
I in parallel relation to each other and spaced
In accordance withthe invention the bills4 of
the hooks are spaced apart on the strip 2 a dis
Now referrlngto the section B of the fastener,
there is one hook I2 for each row of fastener ele
fabric that is disposed transversely of the base
ments C, each hook including a base I3 secured to
strip and secured thereto with portions of the
cross strip spaced from the base strip to receive 60 the strip 2 in any suitable manner, and a bill I4
which projects from the strip so that it may be
the bill of a hook and permit engagement of such
inserted beneath one of the cross strips 4 for
hook with the cross strip.
connection theretoas shown in Figure 3. Pref
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated,
erably the cross strip 4 is ofva width equal to or
there are two rows of fastener elements C on the
greater than the length of the hook bill I4 so
section A, each row including a plurality of fas
that the hook wi1l~be prevented from swinging in
tener elements spaced longitudinally of the base
planes perpendicular to the plane of the base strip
strip I. One fastener element in each row is in
and also to ensure adequate snug frictional con
alinernent transversely of the base strip with
tact of the hook with the cross strip and base
one fastener element in the other row so as to
strip to prevent accidental slipping or disconnec
comprise a pair'of fastener elements, and the ele
longitudinally of the base strip, and the extrem
tance equal to that between the longitudinal
median lines X-X of the rows of fastener ele
ments, and the'pairs 'of fastener elements-»Gare
basefstripwith a portion: of Aeach crossstrip be-'r
spaced apart longitudinally of the base strip'fd 'sê
tween' lines of stitches spaced from said base strip
tancesv substantiallyl> greater than the distances
to receive the bill of a hook and permit engage~
between said longitudinal median linesfof said.
mentf'of-»su‘ch' hook with saidfcross-strip;
"4.' fAn yadjustable 'fastener 'part comprising a
base strip; and a plurality of cross-strips disposed
rows ofy fastener elements. With such a construe#
tion it is impossible. for one hook to be" connected
transversely and spaced longitudinally of said
to one fastener element of one pair andthe' other
- base strip," a top strip running longitudinally of
hook to be connected to one fastener' of another
saidbase strip and traversing said cross-strip »in
pair in such-a manner as to cause thesection B to
be thrown out of line with or in diagonal 'or twisted Il) termediate theír'en'ds, lines lof stitches running
longitudinally of'saidbase strip'and said top strip
relation to the section A. In otherwords,î ïthe'
and 'penetrating'themv and 'said ‘crossstripsto se
structure will ensure that ‘whencne hook I2 ‘ene
gages one fastener element- of a pairaïthefother _ »cure 4the `latter ’tc‘ said vbase stripçand fastening
means'for ‘securing cross-'strips toîsaid base at
hook will simultaneously engage the other fastener
points spaced from said lines'fof-,stitchestîso- that
element of the same pair so that‘the two‘se'ctions‘
will be connected in exact longitudinal'alinement
>the «portions of' each 'cross-strip "between saidlon-v
with each other.
gitudinal' llines ffof stitches and:l said fastening
meansëare spaced `fro‘misaid base strip-to receive
vthe billíof a hookand permit-engagementof such
It will'be observed that the base strip is sever
able between the cross strips 4 and that with the
base strip constructed as shown and described,
hook with said portion of the cross-strip.
5. The .adjustable fastener part described in
the extremity of the strip may be folded inwardly
and hemmed without difficulty as indicated at _I 5.
claim 4 wherein the longitudinaled-ge portions of
saidbase strip are folded inwardly over the ex-4v
Also the whole tape or section A is fiat, of mini
mum bulk, fiexible and at the same time sufii
tremities of said cross-strips, and the last-men-l
ciently stiff to prevent unintentional folding or 25 tioned means comprises _a line of ystitches running
wrinkling thereof.
longitudinally of said base strip through the
Utilization of a single cross strip 4 for forming
latter, each inwardly folded edge portion and said
the two fastener elements of a pair overcomes
the difficulty heretoforey encountered in obtaining
_ ’
6. The adjustable fastener part set forth in
claim 4 in which said base strip, and said top
strip are formed of textile fabric and each cross
strip comprises a plurality of plies` of textile fabric
stitched together, and wherein the longitudinal
edge portions of said base strip are folded in
» and maintaining alinement of the fastener ele
ments of one row with corresponding velements
of the other row transversely of the basel strip in
double fastener tapes of this type. Moreover, by
forming the base strip of one piece of material and
each cross strip of a single piece of material, the :
difficulty heretofore encountered in stitching to-Vv
wardly over the extremities of said cross strips,
vand the last-mentioned means comprises aline of
gether two tapes each having'afsingle row of
stitches running longitudinally of said base strip
through vthe latter, each inwardly folded edge
fastener tape A can be easily manufactured on _
portion and said cross-strips.
automatic machines at relatively low cost, and 40
7. A_n adjustable fastener comprising va part
fastener elements is obvlated. Furthermore, my
great strength and durability with a minimum of
including a tape having two spaced parallel rows
material and labor in constructing the tape, are
of fastener elements extending longitudinally
thereof, and another part having two hooks, one
While I have shown the section A provided with
for each row of fastenerelements, said hooks be--^
a plurality of fastener elements C arranged in 45 ing spaced on the corresponding part a distance
two parallel rows so that the hooks may selectively
equal to that between the longitudinal median
engage any of the pairs of fastener elements, it
lines of said row of fastener elements, said
will be understood that the section A may _have
fastener elements being arranged in parallel pairs
only a single fastener element or one pair of
extending transversely of the tape with one ele
fastener elements andi that the section B would 50 ment of each pair in each of said rows, and said
in such cases have a single hook I2 or a pair of
pairs of fastener elements being spaced apart
hooks respectively.
_distances substantially greater than the distances
between'said longitudinal median lines of said
What I claim is:
1. An adjustable fastener part comprising a
base strip having its longitudinal edge portions
rows of fastener elements.
» 8. A unitary fastening device comprising a strip
folded inwardly at the same side of the strip, and
of fabric, parts disposed transversely thereof,
atleast one cross-strip disposed transversely of
transversely spaced rows of stitching extending
said base strip, and stitches securing said cross
longitudinally entirely across said parts to pro
strip to said base strip with the extremities of said
vide a plurality ofv spaced apart pockets `inde
cross-strip located beneath said inwardly folded 60 pendent of each other with separable portions be
edge portions of said base strip so that a pocket
tween them and arranged one behind the other
is provided between said base strip and said cross
with their openings transverse thereto and
strip to permit engagement of a hook with said
adapted to be alternatively engaged by co-oper
2. The adjustable fastener part set forth in
claim l wherein said base strip is formed of textile
fabric and said cross-strip comprises a plurality
of superposed plies of textile fabric stitched to
ating means.
9. A fastening device for incorporationv in a
garment comprising a strip of fabric adapted to
be secured to one part of a garment; a plurality `
‘ of bars of fabric secured transversely to said strip
of fabric by rows of stitching extending entirely
3. An adjustable fastener part comprising a 70 across the strip so as to form a plurality of inde-_`
base strip, and a plurality of cross-strips disposed
pendent pockets of which the bars constitute the
transversely and spaced longitudinally ` of- _said
sides-arranged one behind’the other with their -
base strip, and lines of stitches running longitu
openings transverse to said strip and adapted to
dinally of said base'stri-p and transversely of said > be alternatively engaged by cooperating means on
cross-strips and securing said cross-strips to the 75 another part of said garment that is to be con
nected to the ñrst said part, said bars being
spaced apart _and the strip‘ being severable be
behind the other with their openings transverse
tween the bars.
10. A fastening device for a garment compris
ing a plurality of initially separate bars of fabric
with another part of said garment that is to be
connected to the ñrst said part, adapted to en
arranged in parallel relationship secured by rows
of stitching extending entirely across the strip to
size of the garment.
one part of a garment so as to form a plurality of
having its longitudinal edges folded inwardly at
thereto to coact with engaging means associated
gage said pockets alternatively so as to adjust th
12. As an article of manufacture abase strip
pockets of Which the bars constitute the sides ar
the same side of the strip, a plurality of cross
ranged one behind the other and adapted to be
strips disposed transversely and spaced longitudi
alternatively engaged by cooperating means on
nally of said base strip with the extremities there
another part of said garment that is to be con
of located beneath said inwardly folded edge por
nected to the first said part, the openings of said
tions of the base strip, and lines of stitches run
pockets being arranged in a direction transverse
ning longitudinally of said base strip and trans
to the direction of pull.
15 versely of said cross strips and penetrating said
11. A garment having one of its main body walls
inwardly folded edge portions and the main por
constitutinga fastening device comprising a strip
of fabric secured to one part thereof; a'plurality
of pockets associated with said strip arranged one-
tion of the base strip and the cross strips.
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