Патент USA US2379543код для вставки
July 3, 1945. w. T. B. ROBERTS 2,379,543 LASTING MACHINE Filed Feb. 23, i943 , 4 Sheets-Sheet l ‘ July 3, 1945. w, T_ B, ROBERTS I 2,379,543 LASTING MACHINE Filed Feb. '23; 1943 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 WWW , July 3, 1945 w'. 'r. B‘. ROBERTS‘ 2,379,543 LASTING MACHINE ' Filed Feb. 19'20$ > 20 > 25, __ / 200 196‘ . 198 Flg 9 1.90 “' _ 196'. L 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 1943 , 66 194 _ w //\/VE TUF? ‘:1’ $ m July 3, 1945- ' ' w. 'r. B. ROBERTS 2,379,543 LASTING MACHINE Filed Feb. 23, 1945 4 Sheets-She'et 4 --X/VVE/V Patented July 3, 1945 » I 2,379,543 , ‘ umrsoi suits PATENT) OFFICE ' : William Thomas'Buckingham Roberts, Leicester, I _ ~ England, assignor to United Shoe Machinery - Corporation, Flemington, N. -J.,.a corporation of; _ _ '- New Jersey 1 Application February 23, 1943, ‘Serial No. 476328 I InGreat Britain February 28, 1942 " 25 Claims‘. (01. 12-14) > have been used withi'highly satisfactory results in . ‘This invention relates to lasting machines, and in some aspects more particularly to machines for lasting the toe ends of shoes. "The invention is herein illustrated as applied to a'power-operated toe-‘lasting machineof'the-Same general lchar- ? operating on shoes'of ‘various styles and of dif ferent materials. In operating,'however,'onmen’s shoes having ‘comparatively "heavy uppers there actor‘ as disclosed'in-United States Letters Patent is sometimes a tendency forlooseness or wrinkling of the upper to develop at the sidesof the toe No.'2,l34,148, "granted on'October 25,1938, on an application of mine,“but modi?ed in certain 'r-e near the tip line a‘djaccnt'to portions of the upper which have already been lasted or‘ at least ‘pulled spects as ‘further disclosed particularly in Letters over ‘and fastened to the insole,"'by reason'of a Patent No. 2,138,308, granted on Novemberv 29; 51o tendency'for the wipers to ‘deflect ‘portions ofithe ‘ .1938, and No. 2,140,652, granted on December 20, upper'near'the tip line'in a-‘heelwarddirection‘as 1938, also on?appli'cations of ‘mine. It ‘is to be understood, ‘however, that the invention is not they are advancedandclosed inwardiy over the shoe bottom. An object of the present invention thus limited in its applicability. _- is to vavoid such ‘results in-the ‘toe-lasting oper ' 1' ‘ A machine such as that to which "the invention ['15 a?ibn- For the purposes in View; the Consfm???n is'herein shown as applied is-provided "with toe; herein ShW/‘n Comprises a‘ Pair Of additionalvol‘ embracingvwipers which are operated ‘to wipe the auxiliary retarders arranged to clamp ‘thefinargin toe-end portion of an. upper heightwise of a last, of the upper 0n the Wipers at the Sides 01’ the toe i. egto perform what is ‘commonly known asthe beyond-the above-mentioned retarder ?ngers and ‘ upwiping .opera?gn, and are‘ thereafter operated to wipe the margin of the upper inwardly over an Controlled independently or-the'latter. The 11118, chine is provided with automatic means for mov insole on the 19st,, Associated with thewipers is ing the additional retarders widthwise of the shoe a device, hereinafter referred: to‘ as a .ret'arder; which clamps the marginal portion of the upper outwardly‘ over the‘ insole with :a spreading action ‘ 0n‘ the 'marein'of' ‘the upper and fO'I‘ thereafter outspread'on the wipers about the end and-‘along 52-‘5 moving them farther'vutwardly over’ the wipers portions of the sides ‘of the "the and cooperates - in timerelation to the outward movements of the ‘them 'to'apply a pull to the upper. in‘ the upwiping' operation, the iretarderi thereafter‘by ?rst-mentioned retarderi?ngers.‘ As illustrated, hOWeVer; the ‘movements ‘Of, the‘ additional re‘ its clamping action renderingthe wipers more 31‘; tarders are so timed that/portions thereof‘still Iective to Wipe the marginof theupper tightly and ~30 rest on the insole as the wipers'approach them in 1 the upwiping operation, :so "that they clamp the smoothlyi inward over‘ the, insole; The :retarder comprises a pair of upper-clamping ?ngers which upperi‘on the wipers "only ‘when the upwiping > are moved "bodily lengthwise of the shoe with movement of the wipers ‘has been substantially swinging movements also widthwise ofztheshoe to spread the margin of the upper fromover the i‘ insole and are thenmoved heightwisc of the shoe vtoward the-wipers into positions to cooperate with v them in the upwiping operation.v Immediately after the upwiping-movement. of» the wipers the completed.~~ The ‘additional retarders are further . so controlled that as they are moved‘ outwardly, over the insole they maybe de?ect-ed in directions toward the end of the toe by engagement of por tions of the margin of‘ the‘ upper therewith ‘to avoid any substantial intervaisbetween them and shoe is'moved a short distance heightwise in the ~40 the ‘ends "of ‘the ?rst‘menti‘onéd retarder- in ' opposite direction, after which the wipers are ad-' Orderthat the additional'retarders may beorop- ' wranced and closed to .wipe-the'margin vof the upper erly positioned relatively-to ‘thE'WiPBI‘S' and t0 the ’ inwardlyover the insole. In time ‘relation to such edge .Of 1111951109. bottom’in ‘Operating ishbes'bfi ~ advancing andvclosing movements of the Wipers differ-entwidths, the invention further ‘provides * theretarder?ngers are moved-‘farther outwardly 45 means for-i variably timing their outward move over the wipers, releasing the margin-of the upper. mentsi SW11 means in ‘the 'constmctien" Shown Mter the. wipers have completed their advanccomprising acamaportionof which is adjustable .ing and ‘closing movements, they are partially re- tracted from over the shoe bottom and are then for the purpose in‘ViBWv . \ - ~ ' i moved inwardly .again to positions short of the 50 including means ior'renderi-ng the additional 16-. limits of their ?rst inward movements, whereupon‘ tarders inoperative at will, and various novel de a plurality of iastening-inserting devices are op tails of construction and combinations of parts, erated to drive a row of tacks beyond the edges of . will :now be‘ more particularly described with, ref the wipers to fastenthe ‘upper in lasted position. erence to the accompanying drawingsand there > _ I Machinesconstructed as above brie?y described ‘ The above and other features of the invention, I ~ after pointed out in the ‘claims. 2 2,379,543 margin of the upper until the latter is withdrawn from between them and the wipers by the move ments of the wipers. Thereafter, following par tial retractive movements and second inward movements of the. wipers, a plurality of tackers positions; ‘ lo are moved into tack-inserting positions be Fig. 2 is mainly a section onkthe line II-II of yond the edges of the wipers and j are then Fig. 1, with parts'omitted; ' ' operated to drive tacks to fasten the toe end of Fig. 3 is a view in front elevation of certain the upper in lasted position. As thus far brie?y parts shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 4-. is a plan view on an enlarged scale of v10 outlined, the machine herein shown is intended tooperate in substantially the same manner as certain parts shown in Fig. 1; heretofore. Fig. 5 is a section on the line V—V of 4; For purposes of this invention the machine is Fig. 6 is a section on the lineVI-7-VI of ,Fig. 4, ‘ provided with a pair of auxiliary retarders com with parts omitted; ' , prising upper-clamping ?ngers l2 arranged to Fig. '7 is a view substantially in front elevation control the margin of the upper at the sides of of certain parts shown in Fig. 1; the toe in locations beyond the ?ngers B in a Fig. 8 is a view in side elevation of a cam with In the drawings, Fig. 1 is mainly a plan view of a portion of the machine in which the invention is herein shown as embodied, with the parts in their starting heelward direction. The ?ngers I2 are hook i ' shaped, as shown in Fig. '7, to render them more Fig. 9 is a section on the line IX-IX of Fig. 8:, Fig. 10 is mainly a plan view of the wipers and 20 effective in spreading the margin of the upper outwardly from over the insole on which they of parts associated therewith as they appear rest initially, as illustrated in Fig. 1, in locations when the wipers are substantially at the end of which the machine is provided; spaced considerable distances inwardly from the , edge of the insole. These ?ngers are formed on Fig.'11"is a view similar to Fig. 10, showing the'sa'me parts as they appear when the wipers 25 the inner end portions of arms I 4 which extend laterally of the shoe and, for a purpose herein have partially ‘completed their ‘movements to after explained, are pivotally mounted at their wipethe ‘margin of» the upper inwardly over outer ends for swinging movements heightwise of the shoe on pins l6 supported on outwardly r Fig. 12 is aview partly in right-hand side ele vation an‘d‘partly in section, showing the wipers 30 extending bars IS. A spring-pressed plunger l9 ineach bar l8 tends to swing the arm l4 up and other parts as they appear substantially at wardly and holds it normally in a position deter the ‘beginnings. of the .upwiping action of the wipers on theupper. . ~ ' ‘ ' mined by its engagement with the bar [8. Each bar l8 has formed therein a cam track 20 in In'view‘o'f the'discl'osures in the previously mentioned: Letters Patent, only as much of the 35 which lies a roll 22 supported between the arms of a bifurcated member 24, these arms being far machine "as it- is necessary to refer to for an enough apart to permit limited swinging move understandingiof the invention is shown in the mentof the bar is axially of the roll 22 for a drawings‘ and ‘will bedescribed in ‘detail. For wiping‘ the toe'e'nd of the upper heightwise of purpose hereinafter described. Each member 24 the last and'for'thereafter wiping its margin. in 40 has an upwardly extending stem 26 journaled in their upwiping movement; the'insolefand- V " ' l ' wardly over an insole on the‘last the machine an arm 28 (Figs. 1 and 2) extending rearwardly isprovided‘withv a pair of toe-embracing ‘wipers 2 operated'iby‘means‘fully disclosed in the above from the upper end portion of‘a slide 30. This slide is vertically .movable in guideways formed The in a bracket 32 secured to and movable with the shoe is positioned bottom upward for the opera 45 appropriate'one of a pair of vertically movable tion of the wipers thereon and is clamped and slides 34 connected together by a transverse cross held in that‘ position between an insole-engaging head 3'5 which carries the previously mentioned holddown 4 and'a' toe rest 8 (Fig. 12). Arranged holddown 4 (Fig-'12), the slides ‘34 and the cross to‘ cooperate ‘with ‘the wipers is‘a retarder com head 36 corresponding to the parts identi?ed by prisingTtWO upper-‘clamping ?ngers 8 positioned the reference characters 69 and 61, respectively, initially over'the‘toe end of ‘the insole in con in‘ Letters Patent No. 2,134,148. A vertical screw tact‘therewith as " illustratedby broken lines in 38 extends freely downward through a lug 40 on Fig, l. In'the‘ operation of the machine these the bracket 32 and is threaded at its lower end fingers are moved lengthwise‘of the shoe toward in the lower end portion of the slide 30. A spring the end of ‘the toe and are also swung apart to 55 42 through which the screw extends bears at its insure the spreading of the marginpf the toe upper end against the lower face of the lug 40 mentioned ' Letters Patent No. 213L148. end of the upper materials from over theinsole, and‘ as‘ soon as they pass the edge of the insole and at'its lower end against a shoulder on the slide 30 and thus serves to urge the slide‘ in a downward direction, the downward movement of they are moved downwardly'toward the wipers so as to clamp 'the marginal portion of the upner 60 the slide being limited by engagement of the head outspread on the top of the wipers when the lat of the screw 38 with the lug 40. The screw is ter‘ have beenv moved ‘upwardly far enough to 'me'et‘them, as“illus_trated in Fig. 12. As the wipers continue their upward movement to wipe the‘ upper‘ heightwise of the‘ last the ?ngers 8 are‘ lifted by'the wipers while: cooperating with 'them" to'a'pply a pull to the, upper. After the upwiping movement of 'thewwipers the shoe is ‘forced downward a short’ distance by the hold down-4, and the wipers are then advanced and closed to wipe the‘m‘arginal portion of the upper inwardly over the’insole. In time relation to 'theseimovements of ‘the wipers the ?ngers ‘8 are ‘moved- farther lengthwise of vthe shoe and are swung farther apart while still controlling the held in a fixed position by means of a set screw 44 in the slide 3!]. The outer end portion of each of the bars I8 is bifurcated and carries a roll 46 mounted on a pin 48 in the bar. This roll rests on the upper surface of an arcuate guide rail 5|] secured by bolts 52 to the rear end of a rearwardly extending arm 54 formed on the vertically mov able slide 34 at that side of the machine. When, therefore, the two slides 34 are moved downwardly at a predetermined time in the operation of the machine to cause the holddown 4 to depress the shoe, the bars (8 are moved downwardly with the slides. Through the springs 42 the ?ngers I2 in their initial positions are held downwardly on 2,379,543 7 the insole ‘when there is a shoe in the machine, . and these springs are yieldable to permit :upward swinging movementsof the bars- I8 in response _- 1 I8_-on the arm as servesby its action on the disk toaholdthe pin‘ I88 in this position. At its‘ front end portion the ‘arm 9815 provided with a lug I28 connected to theleft-hand end of the previously to .pressure of the upper :on the .lowerfac‘es?of the ?ngers I2 when by the relative movements of the wipers and the shoe‘the wipersare caused to assume positions above the level'of the insole preparatory to the wiping ‘of the margin of the upper inwardly over the insole. ' ‘ mentioned link“. . stem 58 extending upwardly through the front end of a forwardly extending lever arm '68 mount ed on a pin 82 for horizontal swinging movements. It will be noted that the front ends of the arms 68 are far enough above the lower bifurcated por ‘ ‘tions of the members 56 to afford leeway for ver arm 84 connected by a link 86 to an arm‘GB in - , - - a ‘ = derstood that with the parts in vtheir normal posi tions the cam-operated vlever ‘arm 82 is effective, to‘ operate the arm 98 through ‘contact of, its de pending lug, 82 and the arms ‘88 with the pin I88 carried by I-the'arm 98-. Hit should be desired, however, not'to use vthe auxiliary ?ngers I2‘; thev operator by means of the handle H8 may move the pin I88 downwardly to free it from thelug 92and~the arms 98, after-"which the auxiliary ?ngers may be moved to out-iof-the-way posi tions and the arm 82 ‘will "be movedidly during Mounted on each of the pins 48 is the lower bifurcated end of a member 58 provided with a tical movements of the slides 34 and the bars- I8 supported thereby. The left-hand lever arm 68 has integral therewith a rearwardly‘extending I = From the foregoingdescription it will be un the power operation of the machine. v20 If, more over, the auxiliary ?ngers should strike against any part. of the maohinein-returning to their initial positions after having operated on a shoe, 1 nmdamage-Will result, since the pin I88 will wedge the ‘arms 98 apart against the. resistance of the spring-:96‘ and the arm'82will continue ?xed relation to the right-hand arm 68. Through parts' including the link '88, ‘therefore, the two arms 88 are coupled together, the arrangement being such that swinging movement imparted to 25' its movement without operating the ‘arm 88; ~ ‘The manner-of operation ‘of the machine; in sojar. as’ it is of interest with reference to the ‘ the left-hand arm 68 in a clockwise direction to move the left-hand ?nger I2 outwardlyover present invention, will now‘ ‘be brie?y suma ‘ inarizedr *Shortly after the starting of the ‘power the insole will cause the right-hand arm 88 to swing in a counterclockwise directionandthere by to move the right-hand ?nger I2 also outward‘ 1y. For thus swinging the left-hand arm 68 the operation of the machine, the shoehavingbeen to clampedxbetween the 'holdd'own' 4‘ and the toe resti'?; then-lain retarder ‘?ngers ‘8 are moved rearwardly over the insole toward the end of the toev :and'arei also swung apart to insure that the margin of the upper will be vspread from over-the insole, the movements-of these ?ngers continuing until they pass beyond the edge of machine herein shown is providedwith a’ cam track ‘I8 (Fig. 1) formed in the periphery‘of‘a cam 12 fast on the ‘left-hand end portionof a v ' shaft ‘I4 (Fig. 9), this shaft corresponding to that identi?ed by the reference character 258 in‘ Let I fters Patent No. 2,134,148.‘ Lying' in the camitra‘ck is a roll 78 mounted on ‘a rearwardly extending ' the‘: insole; whereupon they are moved ‘down lever arm ‘I8 which is ‘positioned below the cam 12 and is arranged to swing about a vertical stud‘ 88 on the frame of the machine. Integral ‘with .wa'rdly'a short‘ distance, as ‘illustrated in Fig. 12, into positions to clamp the marginal portion of ,the'rupper outspread on the top faces of» the the arm ‘I8 is a forwardly extending arm 82 cone nected by means which will presently be described to the left-hand end of a link 84 which is con‘ nected at its right-hand'end to a'pin 88 positioned 545 wipers-2 as soon ‘as the wipers‘ have been moved ‘upwardly far enough-tormeet them.‘ As ‘the ?ngers 8 “are thus moved?out‘wardly 'over' the ->insole,~tthe auxiliary‘ upper-clamping ?ngers ‘I 2 substantially midway between the opposite‘e'nds :a'lso'beginito ‘move outwardly-with a spreading of the left-hand arm 68 for operating the latter.v The connections between the arm 82 and the link 84 are best shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6. "Mount? atthe‘sides 'of'the toe beyond the ?ngers "8. ‘In -actiori_'on'* portions of'the'ma'rgin‘of the upper their outward movements the ?ngers'l2 maybe ' ed ‘under the front end of the arm" 82 re swing 50 ‘de?ected- lengthwise - of 'the shoe toward the aboutfpins 88 carried by the arm aretwo short vfingers 8by' the'action thereon .of inwardly ex tending portions of the :margin of, the upper ' arms 98 so formed as'to extend part way'ar'ound [which are'adjacent to. portions already lasted, a‘ boss 92 on the arm 82, this boss having therein tor, 1atle'ast pulled'over and-fastened ‘to the in an arcuate recess 94. Mounted betweenlugs ex. tending from the arms 98 is a spring 98 which‘ 55 ‘sole; rjust'be'yond, the‘ .toe portion of theshoe. In this manner the ‘fingers I2._ar-e maintained tends to swing the arms inwardly towardw'each near the. ends of vthe ?ngers~:8, so that control other. Extending forwardly from the stud '88 ,of'Ythe margin of the upper will besubstantially is an arm 98 which is mounted to'swing about the stud, and carried by this'arm' in}; ‘location 'slub- . continuousxrall along ‘the sides of the toe. It ‘will stantially midway between its vfront and rear ends to ‘be understood that such de?ection of the ?ngers -'I.2--*lengthwise ofv the shoe is permitted by'the is a pin I08 movable vertically in a herein the provision for "swinging movements of the ‘bars arm. Extending rearwardly from the pin I88‘ is ~|eai<ia11y of the rolls 22, as hereinbefore de-. a small pin ‘I82 positioned in 'a'slot "I84 (Fig; ‘5) formed in a circular disk I88. ‘ This disk is fast on the rear end of a shaft I88 mounted 'to turr'i scribed.v Just before the wipers 2 vcompletetheir upwiping movement ‘the inner end portions of ' "the =?n-‘gers'l2 arrive'in positions where they are over, the'iedges ofv the wipers, as villustrated ‘in a handle II8 forturning it. It will be evident, that by turning the shaft I88 the pin I88 may be - IFigQITO, to render them ‘effective to clamp‘the; moved upwardly or downwardly. Normally the margin of ‘the upper outspread on the “wipers parts are so positioned that the pin: I88 extends' "similarly to the ?ngers 8 near the end of the in the arm 98 and provided on its front end with upwardly into the arcuate recess ‘94"o'f the‘bos's 92 on the arm 82, and in this‘ positionit isalso engaged by inwardly inclined shoulders ‘I I2 of the two arms 98. A tension spring I I4 (Figtj?‘ycon Vupwipin'g'op'eration. ' _ , Itv will-b'e'understood that after the upper is " ?rst clamped‘ on thewipersby the ?ngers '8,"-as i‘snsw'nfin Fig. 1-2, further upward movement of nected to a pin I I6 on the disk I88 and'td‘a pin a". 'the wipers serves to ‘lift these ?ngers, the wipers 4 2,37 9, 543 and the ?ngers cooperatingto applyfani upward pull 'to' the upper in‘ the upwiping operation. this -' purpose thereis mounted on the shaft ‘I4 (Fig; 9) for adjustment lengthwise of the shaft adjacent to the cam ‘I2 a segmental member I88 Immediately after the‘ upward movement of the which carries a hardened wear piece I98 arranged wipers the shoe is depressed a short distance by the holddown 4, thus causing the wipers and GI to serve ‘as a portion of the left-hand wall of the cam track ‘H1 by which the ?ngers I2 are oper~ the ?ngers 8 to apply a further pull to the upper ated} A pair of ‘springs I92 mounted in the hub and positioning the shoe inlproper'relation to of the segmental member I88 tend by engagement the wipers for‘ the latter to wipe the marginal with the hub of the'car'n to move the segmental portion'of the upper inwardly over the insole. member outwardly along the shaft. Threaded on As the shoe is thus moved downwardly the downward movements of the slides 34 which the end of the shaft is a hand wheel I94, and carry the holddown result in further compresi fastened by bolts I96 ‘to the inner side ofv this sion of-the springs 42 which control the bars l8 hand wheel is a hardened steel plate I98 ar and the ?ngers I2, thus‘ increasing the clamp ranged to bear on the hub of the segmental mem ing pressure of the fingers on the margin of'the 16 ber I88. By turning the-hand wheel, therefore, the position of the segmental member and of its wear upper over the wipers. As the‘wipers are advanced and closed to wipe piece I98 may be varied to vary the timing of the upper inwardly over the insole the ?ngers 8 the ?rst portion of the outward-movements of the are moved farther rearwardly and are swung farther apart while clamping the margin of the upper on the wipers until the upper is with drawn from under them by the wipers. At sub stantially the ‘same time the auxiliary ?ngers ?ngers 12 as and for the purpose above described. Such an adjustment of the segmental member will be made when the wipers are changed pre paratory to the use of the machine on shoes of a different size. In the steel plate I98 are a plural ity of recesses 208 arranged to receive a spring I2 are moved farther outwardly while similarly ‘controlling the margin of the upper at the sides ; 25 pressed detent 282 mounted‘ in the hub of the of the toe beyond-the ?ngers 8 (Fig. 11). In this “ member" I88 to hold the hand wheel I94 in ad' manner the ?ngers I2 cooperate with the ?ngers justed’position. _ _8 to counteract any tendency for the upper at Having described the invention, what I claim the sides of the toe to be de?ected in a heele as new ‘and desire to secure by Letters Patent of ward direction by the wipers in such manner as 30 the United States is: ' . tocause any loosening or wrinkling of the upper 1. In a lasting machine, the combination with in locations adjacent to the previously pulled- . wipers movable to wipe the margin of the toe-end ‘over or side-lasted portions. A machine such portion of an upper inwardly over an insole on 'as'that to which the invention is herein shown a last, of a retarder for clamping the margin of as applied comes automatically to a stop when .35 the‘ upper on said wipers around the end and the wipers are at the end of their overwiping along portions of the sides of the toe as‘ it is thus movements to permit the operator to inspect the wiped inwardly by the wipersysaid retarder being work, and when the machine is again started ‘ movable lengthwise of the shoe outwardly overthe the wipers are partially retracted and are then wipers in the course of the‘wiping operation, ad moved'short distances inwardly once more prior ( 40 ditional retarders-arranged to clamp the margin to the fastening of the upper in lasted position. of the upper on» the wipers at the sides of the toe In time relation to this second inward wipe the beyond said ?rst-named retarder, and means for tackers II] are moved into tack-inserting posi controlling said- additional retarders independ tions just beyond the edges of the wipers and are ently of the ?rst-named retarder. . then operated to drive the tacks; After the sec- ; 45 . 1 2. In a lasting machine, the combination with and starting of the machine the auxiliary ?ngers wipers movable to wipe the margin of the toe-end I2 are moved still farther outwardly‘ and by the action of the rolls 22 on the bars I8, by reason portion-of an upper inwardly over an insole on a last, of a retarder for clamping the margin of ‘ of the shape‘ of the'cam tracks 28,‘ the ?ngers ' the upper on said wipers around the end and are swung upwardly‘ away from thewipers to: 50 along portions of the sides of the toe-as it is thus avoid interference with the latter in’their fur wiped inwardly by the wipers, said retarder being In case any of I the ther outward movements. _ movable lengthwise of the ‘shoe outwardly over .tackers in their downward and inward move the wipers inthe course of the wiping operation, ments over the I wipers toward tack-inserting additional retarders arranged to clamp the mar positions should strike against the ?ngers I2 the , 55 gin of the upper on the wipers at the sides of the latter may swing‘downwardly vagainst the re ‘toe beyond said?rst-named retarder, and means sistance of the spring-pressed plungers I9 to avoid any danger of damage to the machine. 'When the ?ngers I2 are moved inwardly to'their for moving said additional retarders outwardly overthe wipers widthwise of the shoe in the course of the wiping operation. starting positions after the operation of the ma- , 60 3. In a lasting machine, the combination with chine on the shoe any'danger of damage in case ' wipers movable to ‘wipe the margin of the toe-end either of the ?ngers should strike against some ‘ portion of an upper inwardly over an insole on a part of the machine is avoided by‘ the yieldable last,.of a retarder for clamping the margin of means provided for connecting the operating the upper on said wipers around theend and arm 82 to the arm 88, as hereinbefore explained. _ 65 along portions of the sides of the toe as it is thus To cause the auxiliary ?ngers I2 to cooperate wiped inwardly bythe wipers, said retarder com prising membersmovable bodily lengthwise of the properly with the wipers in the mannerv above shoe. outwardly over the wipers with swinging described in operating on shoes of di?ferent widths,‘ provision is afforded for variably timing movements also .widthwise of the shoe in the the outward movements of the ?ngers over the, 70. course of the wiping operation, additional re tarders arranged to clamp the margin of the up~ shoe, so that they will arrive in positions over the per on thewipers at the sides of the toe beyond edges of the wipers, as illustrated in Fig. 10, at ,said ?rst-named retarder, and means for moving substantially the same time relatively to theup said additional retarders outwardly over the wip wiping movement of the wipers in operating-on a narrow shoe as in operating on a wide‘ shoe. For; 75 ers widthwise of‘the shoe independently of the v5 2,379,543 ?rst-named retarder in the. course of the» wiping to the; additional retarders movements torspread operation; the. morginof the upper from, over tho-8.119s“ bottomri?tlid bars. being. supported for swinging '.'. .- . * . , J 1 c r; 1 L, .4. In a lasting machine, the combination with wipersfor wiping the toe-end portion of an upper movements to permit the additional rotardorsto ' into-lasted position, of a'retarder for clamping be‘ moved lengthwise of theelioe, toward theend oithetoe by. de?ecting action of the margin of the .margin of the upper on said wipers aboutthe end of thetoe to control the. upper in the lasting thouppertheroonrqyl 1 operation, said retarder being movable to. spread .1. . -1 .. r. ‘9. In. a lastingmaoliloa the ‘combination with the margin of the upper from over. the shoe bot wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of-an upper tombefore'clamping. item the wipers, additional. 10 into lasted position. ole retarder :for. clamping retarders arranged to clamp the margin of the the margin oi. the'ilpoer on, saidlw-ihors. about the ~ upper‘on thewipers at the sides of the toe beyond end oithe toe to oontrol. the apostle; the, lasting said ?rst-named retarder, and means for moving operation, additional 'retarders arrongedtoolamp said additional retarders widthwise' ofrtheshoe in dependently .of said ?rst-named retarder to spread the margin of. the upperron thowWors at the sides of the toe beyond said; ?rst-named retarder, bars arranged. to. extend wldthwige. oi. theelioe and supporting said. additlonalretarders; means for moving saidbars lengthwise toimpart to the the-margin of the upper‘ from over vthezsho'ea.lo'ot- , tomginithe course of the operation of the machine. -.:5_- .In a lasting machine, the; combination with wipers for ‘wiping the toeeendportionrof. enun Per. into i lasted position; of rotarderniembers .for clamping. the margin oithe upper‘on .said'wip‘ers attheend and along portions of they sides. of the additional retarders; movements to spread. the. ‘ 20 toe tooontrolthe upper-in‘thelasting operation, said members being movable bodily lengthwise of thenshoe with. swinging movements al?Of width‘ wise of the shoe to spread the margin. of the up; margin of the upper on the wipers- 25 ranged to clamp themargin ofthe. upper on, the wipers at the sides of the. toe'beyond said ?rstr , ditionalmemberswidthwise of the ,shoeindenend» ently. of saidnrst-narned members to .Soreadthe . wipersforwloing the toe-endportlon of anguhper into lasted position, of a retarder for. clamping the margin of, the upper on. said. wipers about the end of the, toeito control the upper in the to olamp, the margin of the upper on the wipers at the, sides of the toe beyondsaidnrst-nained retarder,‘ ‘bars. arranged. to extend, widthwlse. of the shoeand supporting said additional retard ers, levers connected to said bars for moving them , ‘ 6. In a lasting machine, the combination with wipers for wiping the toe-end'p0rti0nDf an 1119-. her into lasted position, of a retarderfor clamp ing the margin of- the upper on said Wipersv about the end of the, toe to control the upper in the lengthwise to. impart to. the. additional» retainers‘ movements to .onreadthe xrnareiniof. I‘ the upper outwardly iln=.~the tour-go .ot the operation-entire mid-Chino,’ moans. oonlleoting said, levers together, aoda oemioroooratlngbothmidlevers. lasting operation, additional retarders arranged i i. . ll-vln a lasting machine, the combination with Wipers‘ movable to wipe the toeeend portionioi to clamp the margin of the upper onthe wipers at the sides of the toe beyond said ?rst-named an Upper into 1aSiod‘bo5itionr of: a. retard'erzfor clamping the margin of. the upper, on said wipers about the end oithe toe, toioontrolrthe llpper. in retarder. bars arranged to extend .widthwlso of the shoe and supporting said additional retarders, and; means for moving said bars lengthwise to the lasting operation said retarder being movable ' impart to'the additional retarders movements to spread the margin of the upper outwardly in the course of the operation of the machine. , , . s . , lasting operationoadditional retardorsr arranged ‘ 30 margin of the upper outwardly in the course of the operation of the, machine. . . ii!» ‘In a lasting maohineithe oomloination-With peroutwardlm additional retarder. members war named members. and means for-.Inoving said ads margin of. the. upper outwardly, endearing moans tending to. swinggaid bars'heightwise oi the shoe to pause the additional .retarders to press. the length-Wise of the shoe, outwardly toward the. edge of. the shoe bottom before clamping-the upper‘on the Wipers. 'Eadditional retarders arranged to , olamp ‘the margin oitheupper-onithe merger . -'7. In a lasting machine, the combination with wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper the, sides: of the. toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder, and power-operated means for: moving into lasted position,‘ of a retarder for clamping _ the margin of the upper on said Wipers about said additional. retarders rwidthwise of .1 the. shoe the end of the toe to control the upper in the outwardly toward the. side edgesof. the. shoe bot lasting operation, additional retarders arranged tom adiustablypredeterminedtime relation to clamp the margin of the upper on the Wipers 55 to themovementsofthewioers.. , ,. l ~ at the sides of the .toe beyond said first-named ‘.12- Ill-a lasting machine; the combination with retarder and movable widthwise of the shoe to wipers ‘movable to wipe the tO?r-?lld portion of ' spread the margin of the upper from over the shoe an north into lasted position, oi -.aretarder,~ for bottom in the course of the operation of the ma clamping themarginoi the upper onsaid. Wipers chine, vand means supporting said additional re-. ' about the end of. the toe‘ to control. theupper tarders for movements lengthwise of. the shoe 1n the-lasting operation;additionalretarders ar toward said‘ ?rst-named retarder in response to ranged to. olainp the-margin: of the upperlon'the de?ecting action of the margin, of the upper thereon. , . ; ' . Wild?re-at theusides of the toe beyondgsaid. ?rst named retarder, and power-operated means in. > _8. In a lasting machine, the combination with 65 olddlng. a tam. formoving saidssadditionali re+ wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper tarders i-widthwise of . the shoe; outiwardly'toward into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping the side-edges ofthei-shoe bottom in predeter the margin of the upper on said wipers about the mllldd'tlmo relation .‘to the vmovements: of.‘ the wipers, a portion‘ of. saidoam- beingxadjustable' end of the toe to control the upper iii-the lasting operation, additional retarders arranged toiolamp the margin of.v the -.uoper. (in-the wipers at. the 70 #0 vary the timing ofthe movementsof said addi. ‘ sides Oitho. too beyond said ?rstenamed retarder, . ‘ bars ‘arranged to extend widthwise. of'the shoe tional retardersl _, . a - ,Y is; In a lasting machine, the combination with Wipers movable. to wipe an upper into lasted posi ‘own at the opposite .sidesrof a.shoe,'o-f.rretarde?rs' ondsuoporting ‘said. additional .retarders; and means. for proving. saidbars lengthwise .teimpart 75 arranged to clamp :the margin of.‘ the‘. upper on ' 6 2,379,543 said wipers to control the upper in the lasting op over an insole on the last, of a retarder for clamp oration, and power-operated means including a ing the upper on said wipers about the end of the toe as it is thus wiped heightwise of the last rotatable cam common to both said retarders for and inwardly over the insole, said retarder being movable heightwise of the last with the wipers, and additional retarders for clampingrthe upper of the wipers, a portion of said cam being adjust- ~ on the wipers at the sides of the toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder, said additional retarders able to vary the timing of the movements of the being arranged to rest on the insole in positions retarders.v ’ 14. In a lasting machine, the combination with 10 to clamp the upper on the wipers onlywhen the wipers have been moved far enough heightwise means for wiping the margin of an upper into of the last to render them e?ective thus to clamp lasted position over an insole on a last, of a re the upper. » i tarder for clamping the margin of the upper on 20. In a lasting machine, the combination with said wiping means to control the upper in the wipers for wiping the toe-end portion‘of an upper lasting operation, said retarder being movable heightwise of a last and then inwardly over an outwardly over the‘insole toward the edge of the insole on the last, of a retarder for clamping the shoe bottom prior to the clamping of the margin upper on said wipers about the end of thetoe of the upper on the wiping means and having a as it is thus wiped heightwiseio'f ‘the lastnand ‘ hook-shaped portion’ for engaging the margin of inwardly over the insole, said retarder being mov the upper and spreading it from over the insole. able outwardly over the insole to a position beyond 15. In a lasting machine, the combination with the edge thereof and then heightwise of the last wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper toward the wipers into position for clamping the into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping upper thereon, additional retarders arranged to the margin of the upper on said wipers about the end ‘of the toe to control the upper in the lasting 25 clamp the upper on the wipers at the sides of the toe beyond said ?rst-named‘ retarder, ‘and operation, and additional retarders arrangedto means for moving said additional retarders width clamp the margin of the upper on the wipers at wise of the shoe outwardly over the insole to the sides of the toe beyond said ?rst-named re positions where portions only thereof are beyond tarder, said additional retarders being movable widthwise of the shoe outwardly toward the side 30 the edge of the insole for clamping the‘upper on the wipers only when the wiping of the upper edges of ~ the shoe bottom and having hook heightwise of the last has progressed far enough shaped portions for engaging vthe margin of the to render them e?ective thus to clamp the upper. upper and spreading it from over the shoe bot 21. In a lasting machine, the combination with 16. In a lasting machine, the combination with 35 wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper into lasted positiomof a retarder for clamping wipers for Wiping the toe-end portion of an upper the'margin'of the upper on said wipers about the heightwise of a last and then inwardly over an end of the toe to control the upper in the lasting insole on the last, of a retarder for clamping the operation, and additional retarders arranged for upper onsaid wipers about the end of the toe as optional use to clamp ‘the margin of theupper it is thus wiped heightwise of the last and in on the wipers at the sides of the toe beyond said wardly over the insole, and additional retarders ?rst-named retarder. arranged to clamp the upper on, the wipers~ at the 22. In a lasting machine, the combination with sides of the-toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder wipers for wiping-the toe-end portion of an upper only when the wiping of the upper heightwise of into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping , the last has-been substantially completed. moving them bodily widthwise of the shoe out wardly toward the side edges of the shoe bottom in predetermined time relation to the movements tom. - - I ‘ 17. In a lasting machine, the combination with wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper the margin of the upper on said wipers about ‘the end of the toe to control the upper in the lasting operation, additional retarders arranged to clamp heightwise of a last» and theninwardly over an the margin of the upper on the wipers at the insole on the last,‘ of a retarder for clamping the ' upper on said wipers about the end of the toe as 50 sides of the toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder, power~operated means for controlling said ad it is thus wiped heightwise of the-last and in ditional retarders in thev course of the lasting wardly over the insole, and additional retarders operation, and means for preventing at the will for clamping the upper on the wipers at the sides of the operator such control of the additional of the toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder, said retarders by said power-operated means to render additional retarders being arranged to rest on the them idle during the operation of the machine. insole in positions to clamp the upper on the 23. In a lasting machine, the combination with wipers only when the wiping of the upper height wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper wise of the last has progressed far enough to ren into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping der them e?ective thus to clamp the upper. 18. In a lasting machine, the combination with 60 the margin of the upper on said wipers about the end of the toe to control the upper in the lasting Wipers movable to wipe the toe-end portion of an operation, and additional retarders for clamping upper heightwise of a last and then inwardly over the margin of the upperon' the wipers at the sides an insole on the last, of a retarder for clamping of the toe beyond said ?rst-named retarder, said the upper on said wipers about the end of the toe as it is thus wiped heightwise of the last and 65 additional retarders being arrangedto be-Tmain tained at‘ the will of the operator in idle~ posi inwardly over the insole, said retarder being mov tions to render them ine?ectiveand thus-to per able heightwise of the last-with the wipers, and mit control of the upper by said ?rst-named re additional retarders arranged to clamp the upper on the wipers at the sides of the toe beyond said 24. In a lasting machine, the combination with ?rst-named retarder only when the wipers have 70 wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper substantially completed their movement height into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping wise of the last. > the margin of the upper on said wipers about the 19. In a lasting machine, the combination with end of the toe to control the upper in the lasting wipers movable to wipe the toe-end portion of an upper heightwise of a last and then inwardly 76 operation, said retarder being» movable "to spread tarder alone. - ' ~ " r r - 7 ‘ as'rams the margin of the upper outwardly before clamp ing it on the wipers, additional retarders arranged to clamp the margin of the upper on'the wipers at the sides of the'toe beyond said first-named‘ retarder, power-operated means for moving said additional retarders widthwise of v‘the shoe in dependently of said ?rst-named retarder also to spread the margin of the upper outwardly, and means for preventing at the will of the operator such movements of the additional retarders-by said power-operated means to render them idle during the operation of the machine. 25. In a lasting machine, the combination with‘ wipers for wiping the toe-end portion of an upper into lasted position, of a retarder for clamping the margin of the upper on said vwipers about the 15 end of the toe .to control the upper in the lasting operation, said retarder being movable to spread the margin of theupper outwardly before clamp ing it on the ‘wipers; additional retarders ar ranged to clamp the margin of the‘upper on the, wipers ‘at the sides of the toe beyond said ?rst- - named retarder, and power-operated means for moving said additional retarders widthwise of the , shoe independently of said ?rst-named retarder also to spread the margin of the upper outwardly, said power-operated means comprising parts ar- -' ranged to be disconnected fromleach other. to render the additional retarders idle and thus to permit said ?rst-named retarder‘ alone to be used during the operation of the machine. ‘ I 1 WILLIAM THOMAS BUCKINGHAD. ' ' ROBERTS. '