Патент USA US2381159код для вставки
Aug. 7, 17945. ' E. HALL 2,381,159 . COMBINED COAT AND SKIRT HANGER Filed Aug. 9, 1944 INMWWR ELMO HALL 2,381,159 ' Patented Aug. 7, 1945 I ‘UNITED STATES PATENT orrice 2,381,159 ’ COMBINED COAT AND snm'r HANGER Elmo Hall, Denver, c010. ' ApplicationAugust 9, 1944, Serial No. 548,675 4 Claims. (01. 223-91) to an enlarged scale and shows more clearly the This invention relates to improvements in coat hangers and has reference more particularly to a hanger that can be employed in connection with, construction of the parts; Figure 6 is a section taken on line 6-6, Fig ure 5; skirts and stockings as well as with coats. s Figure ‘7 is a section taken on line ‘I—-'i, Fig The ordinary coat hanger is usually made from wire and has two oppositely extending arms pro- ‘ ure 6; I . Figure 8 is a section taken on line 8—B, Fig ure 1, and illustrates one form of a clip that is vided at their center points with a hook by means of which the hanger can be supported frbm a suitable for use with the hanger; and bar or other supporting means. Such coat hang Figure 9 is a side elevation looking in the direc ers are well known and are often provided with 10 tion of arrow. 9, Figure 8. ‘ clothes pins or other clips for supporting trousers. It .is the object of this invention to produce a modi?ed and improved form of coat hanger In the drawing, reference numeral Ill desig hates a supporting bar and extending down wardly from this bar is a hanger constructed in justably connected with the supporting element 15 accordance with this invention. The hanger consists of a vertical supporting element l i having so, that they may project in four separate direc a hook l2 that engages the supporting bar. Se tions and spaced ninety degrees apart, or which cured to the supporting element are two disks I3 ' may be folded into the form of an ordinary coat and It. These disks may be duplicates, or they hanger in which two of the arms project from may differ slightly from each other in a manner opposite sides of the supporting means. 20 which will hereinafter appear. Each disk has ‘ ‘Another object of this invention is to produce been shown as provided‘with four holes l5 that a coat hanger‘which can be readily disassembled are spaced ninety degrees apart. The disks are for transportation and which will therefore be which is provided with four arms that are ad well adapted for travelersras it ‘can be packed into a small space when not in use. . secured to the supporting element H by means 26 of solder or other means It. The ‘means for se Another object of this invention is to produce a coat hanger in which the four arms can be po curing the disks i3 and it to the bar II, which has been shown in the drawingyis merely illus trative, and any other suitable means for this sitioned, either at right angles towards each other, purpose may be employed. The disks should pref or in substantially parallel planes and which is erably be so secured to bar ii that they lie in provided with means for holding them in either 30 planes perpendicular t’ the supporting element. . of the two positions. A still further obj ect of the invention is to pro duce a coat hanger in which the arms are so con In Figure 6, a top plain view of disk It has been shown and from this it will be observed that de pressed areas ll extend radially from the holes structed that they can not be easily disconnected 35 l5. When the supporting arms, which will pres , from the supporting element. ently be described, are in position, they will be The above and other'objects that may become held in radial position by these depressions. Ex apparent as this description proceeds are attained ~ tending at angles 10 to the depression ll, are by means of a construction and an arrangement other depressions 18 that serve to hold the arms of parts that will now be described in detail and 40 in the position shown in Figure 4. The support for this purpose reference will be had to the ac ing arms, of which four have been shown, are companying drawing in which the invention has formed from a steel wire which is preferably quite resilient and of considerable strength. The been illustrated in its preferred form, and in which: ' . ' . arms are bent into what may- be loosely desig~ ‘ Figure 1 is a perspective view of the hanger 45 nated V-shape, the vertices being indicated by showing the parts in expanded position; Figure 2 is a top view‘of the hanger shown in Figure 1, looking in the direction of plane 2-2, Figure 1; ' reference numerals 19. The lower,.or compres sion element ofveach arm has been designated by reference numeral 20 and the tension element by reference numeral 2|, That portion designated Figure 3 is a side elevation of the hanger show 50 by 20 is somewhat shorter than 21 so that when the arms are vin position, the parts 20 will lie ing the same in folded position and looking in the substantially in the same plane. The ends of direction of arrow 3-3, Figure 4; parts 20 have .a compound curve-as indicated at Figure 4 is a top plan- view looking in the di rection of arrow 4, in Figure 3; ‘ ' Figure 5 is a fragmentary diametrical' section 22 in Figure 5 and terminate in an end portion 23 that lapsthe under surface of the plate i3. 2 2,881,159 The ends of the tension elements are bent down wardly as indicated at 24 and terminate in a short hook’ 25. The arms are normally much closer to gether than shown in the drawing and therefore when they are spread apart and positioned be tween the disks #3 and 14, there results a force tending to move them towards each other and this force serves to prevent accidental disconnec of the holes l5 are su?lcient to permit the hooks 25 to be withdrawn when disconnection is desired. Attention is also directed to the fact that holes [5 are elongated in a direction substantially per pendicular to the radii passing through them and that the offset ends 25 and 23 are longer than the width of the holes and shorter than the length of the holes. With this arrangement, the corre-, sponding ends of the arms can be'inserted and tion. The hook 25 serves to prevent ready re moval and therefore functions to hold the arms 10 removed only when the planes of the- arms are in place. Slidably connected with each arm is a parallel with. the longitudinal axis of the holes. spring clip 26 which may be of the construction This relationship is necessary for one of the disks shown in Figures 8 and 9 or of any other suitable only because an offset end like 23 in Figure 5‘ construction. Various types of spring clips are can be inserted into a round hole of slightly larger available on the market and the one shown is merely illustrative of means and can be replaced by any other mechanical equivalent. size as long as the other end is not attached to the other disk ‘because the arms can then be tilted to effect this-insertion. Since the disks can as well be duplicated, they are usually so made. When a skirt is to be supported, the arms are arranged as in Figure 1 and the skirt is buttoned Having described the invention what is claimed ' and suspended from the hanger in the manner 20 as new is: indicated by dotted lines in Figure 1. Stockings 1. VA combined coat and skirthanger compris can be suspended from the clips 26 or any other ing, a supporting bar adapted for vertical suspen garment can be suspended by means of these sion, two disks secured to the bar in ?xed spaced clips. If a coat or similar article is to be sup relation, in planes perpendicular to the bar, the ported, the arms canbe moved into the position 25 disks having the same number of equiangularly shown in Figure 4, whereupon the device func tions like the ordinary coat hanger and is of great strength because there are two arms ex spaced holes, the disks being arranged with the corresponding holes positioned in the same di ametrical plane, forming cooperating pairs, and tending from each side; When the parts are in a V-shaped supporting arm for each pair of holes, the position shown‘in Figure 4 the arms are rest 30 the limbs of each arm terminating in hooks lying ing in the depressions 18, which serve to hold in the plane of the arm and extending in the them in the position shown. ’ same direction, for engagement in the upper and From the above description, taken in connec lower hole of each pair. the hook on the lower tion with the drawing, it will be apparent that the limb being forwardly and downwardly inclined, coat and skirt hanger which has been described 35 the upper limb having a downwardly extending above has some marked functional advantages end portion for insertion in the corresponding over the ordinary hanger more particularly in hole in the upper‘ disk. this, that it can be readily employed for support 2. A device in accordance with claim 1 in ‘which ing skirts and when the latter are in position the upper surfaceof at least one of the disks has thereon, they are kept from wrinkling and the 40 depressions extending radially from each hole to inner surface is spread apart so as to facilitate position the supporting arms and hold them in a aeration and in case a skirt is to be dried, this radial position. v device serves admirably as a support during the 3. A device in accordance with claim 1 in which drying period. -» the upper surface of at least one of the disks has Particular attention ~is‘called to the positioning depressions extending radially from each hole to depressions l1 and I8 which form a useful func tion in connection with the type of hanger above described. The hooks 25, at the ends of arm members 2|, together with elongated openings I 5, like those shown in Figure 6, also perform a new and useful function in preventing the arms from being accidentally disconnected. It is evident that position the supporting arms and hold them in a radial position and other depressions ‘extending outwardly in a direction slightly inclined towards a common- diameter. ‘ 4. A device in accordance with claim 1 in which the holes in at least one of the disks are elongated in a direction substantially perpendicular to the any force tending to disconnect the arms must op ‘ corresponding radii and in which the ends of the erate in the direction of arrow 21 in Figure 3 and supporting arms have offset ends greater in this tends to move the upper portion of the arm 55 length than the width of the holes and less than inwardly, whereupon the hook 25 will become operative and prevent detachment. The lengths their length. ELMO HALL.