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Патент USA US2385747

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2,385,747
Patented Sept. 25, 1945
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,385,747
POLYMIETHINE- DYESTUFFS AND PROCESS
OF PREPARING THEM
Hans von Freyberg and lleinrlch Koch, Frank
iort-on-the-Main, Germany, assignors to Gen
eral Aniline & Film Corporation, New York,
N. Y., a corporation of Delaware
No Drawing. Application July 24, 1940-, Serial
No. 847,302. In Germany August 17, 1939
2 Claims. (Cl. 2.60—240)
stance, the dyestu? obtained according to the
The present invention relates to the prepara
present invention by condensing para-N-butyl
tion of new polymethine dyestuffs of valuable
isobutyl-aminobenzaldehyde and cyanacetic acid
properties, more particularly it relates to poly
ethyl ester has an improved fastness to water
methine dyestu?s which are prepared by con
over the known dyestuff from para-dimethyl
densing a compound containing a reactive
aminobenzaldehyde and cyanacetic acid ethyl
‘ methylene group with a paradialkylaminophenyl
ester and an improved affinity for acetate silk
aldehyde 0! the general formula:
,
in comparison with the known dyestufl from
R,
para - butyl-beta-chioroethyl-aminobenzaldehyde
\
(Para) /N-phenyl-CHO
10
R:
and cyanacetlc acid ethyl ester.
The new dyestuffs are also suitable for dyeing
mordanted, for instance tanned cotton. Some
wherein R1 and R: represent alkyl radicals the
of the new dyestuffs may be transformed into last
total number of the carbon atoms of both alkyl
lakes
by- means of complex phosphotungstic acids.
radicals being together at least 7 and not more
The following examples serve to illustrate the
than 10, and wherein the phenyl radical may 15 invention, but they are not intended to limit it
contain substituents.
thereto, the parts being by weight:
The new dyestuffs thus obtained have the gen
1. 114 parts of cyanacetic acid ethyl ester are
eral formula.v
heated to boiling for several hours with 235 parts
R1
(Para)
I
_
N-phenyl-CH=C=X
R:
20 of para - N - butyl - isobutyl-amlnobenzaldehyde
boiling between 177° C. and179° C. under a pres
sure of 1.7 mm. (obtainable according to known
processes by causing N-butylisobutylaniline to
wherein R1 and R: stand for alkyl radicals the
react with methylformanilide and phosphorus
total number of the carbon atoms of both alkyl
oxychloride) in 400 parts of alcohol, while adding
25
radicals being together at least '7 and not more
0.4 part of piperidine until the formation of
than 10, the grouping =C=X stands for the radi
the dyestui’f is complete. The alcohol is then
cal of a compound containing a reactive methyl
distilled off; after some time the dyestu? crystal
ene group, in which the =C= portion is formed
lizes
in the form or brown-yellow crystal druses
from the reactive methylene group and wherein 30
melting
at 51° C. to 53° C.
the phenyl radical may contain substituents.
The dyestuff has the following formula:
By the term “reactive methylene group,” a
HaC.CHa.CH:.CHz
' gN
methylene group is to, be understood which will
condense with one aldehyde group by splitting
oil water, with the formation of a carbon-carbon 35
double linkage.
It dyes cellulose esters and cellulose ethers very
As suitable compounds with reactive methyl
clear greenish-yellow tints. It possesses an ex
\_ ene groups there may be mentioned, for example,
cellent a?inity for acetate silk ?ber, very good
esters, ethers and amides, derivatives of malonic 40 fastness to wet processing and a very good fast
ness to light.
acid such as malonic nitrile, malonic ester or
' derivatives of cyanacetic acid, such as their
the like, pyrazolones, indolin‘es, oxindoles and the
like.
The new dyestu?s are distinguished by a num
The N-butyl-isobutylaniline may be prepared
in known manner, of., “Zentralblatt” 1926,11,
page 391, “Berichte der deutschen chemischen
Gesellschaft,” page 1202 et seq. It ‘boils at 142°
ber of improved iastness properties in compari 45
C. under a pressure of 11 mm.
son with analogous polymethine dyestuffs
2. 100 parts of cyanacetic acid methyl ester are
hitherto known.
heated to boiling for several hours with 235 parts
' They go on to the ?ber in an excellent man
ner and possess an improved Iastness to water,
-of
para-N-methyl-isoheptylaminobenzaldehyde
washing and to light. They are particularly suit 60 boiling under a pressure of 1.4 mm. at a tempera
ture of 175° to 180° C. (obtainable in a manner
able for dyeings on acetate silk. Thus, for in
.,
v
.
.1
2
2,385,747
analogous to that described in Example 1) in 400
parts of methanol, while adding 0.4 part of piper
tion. When dried, the dyestu? forms scales hav
idine. When‘ the formation of the dyestu? has
ing a bronze lustre. It dyes cellulose esters and
cellulose ethers very brilllantOred-violet tints and
. ceased the whole is distilled with steam until the
is especially distinguished by an excellent fastness
to wet processing. It has the following formula:
~methanol and the piperidine are expelled. The
dyestu? which is insoluble in water is separated.
‘
Itvdyes cellulose esters and cellulose ethers very
clear greenish-yellow tints, possesses an excellent
a?lnity‘for the ?ber and very good fastness prop
erties. The dyestu? has the following formula: 10
mo
_
~
CN
‘
Isoheptyl/\v-O-cnmg$000.11.
The base which is necessary for the prepara
tion of the aldehyde was prepared, according to
The iso-octyl-oxethyl-meta-toluidine necessary
15 for the preparation of the aldehyde was prepared,
according to known processes. from meta-tolui
dine and iso-octyl-bromide and treating under
pressure the mono-iso-octyl-meta-toluidine with
ethylene oxide. It boils at a temperature be
known processes, from isoheptyl-alcohol, aniline
‘ _
and hydrochloric acid and by methylating the
monoisoheptylaniline obtained. It boils at 120° C. 20 tween 157° C. to 165° C. under a pressureof 4 mm.
under a pressure of 1'7 mm.
6. 203 parts of 5-methoxy-1.3.3-trimethyl-2
3. 66 parts of malonic acid dinitrile are heated
methyleneindoline and 234 parts of para-N
to boiling for several hours with 247 parts of
ethyl-isoamylamino-ortho-tolylaldehyde boiling
para-N-methyl-iso-octyl - amino - benzaldehyde
at a temperature between 177° C. to 180° C. under
boiling at a temperature between 187° C. and 25 a pressure of 3.4 mm. (prepared in a manner
194° C. (prepared in a manner analogous to that
analogous to that described in Example 1) are
described in Example 1) in 300 parts of alcohol,
heated to boiling for several hours in 700 parts
while adding 0.3 part of piperidine. When the
of glacial acetic acid. When the dyestu? forma
formation of the dyestu? is complete the whole
tion is complete the dyestu?? solution is added to
is distilled with steam until alcohol and piperidine 30 strong hydrochloric acid and salted out by means
have passed over. The dyestufl is ?ltered with
of a sodium chloride solution. After drying the
suction. It has a very good a?lnity for cellulose
dyestu? is obtained in the form of a resin having
esters and cellulose ethers which are dyed bright
a' bronze luster which readily dissolves in water
yellow tints and possesses very good fastness
and readily dyes cellulose esters and cellulose
35
properties. It has the formula:
ethers red-violet tints. The dyestu? is distin
guished by an excellent fastness to wet processing
and by a very good rastness to light. It has the
H80
>nOcn=o (on).
Iso-octyl
I formula:
Hi0
H C\C
40
H‘cK
The methyl-iso-octyl-aniline necessary for th!
preparation of the aldehyde was produced by
known processes from methylaniline and iso
octyl-bromide. It boils at a temperature of 45
a f
/N
Isoamyl
—-0 CH:
CH=CH-é\
\
H.
/N\
H1O
112° C. to 114° C. under a pressure of 1.3 mm.
4. 147 parts of N-methyloxindole are heated to
boiling for several hours with 247 parts of para
N-methyl-iso-octyl-aminobenzaldehyde in 500
-
_
C1
The base necessary for the preparation of the
aldehyde was produced by known methods from
ethyl-meta-toluidine and isoamylbromide. It
parts of alcohol, while adding 0.5 part of piper 50
boils at 134° C. under a pressure of 12 mm.
When the formation of the dyestu? has
7. 173 parts of 1.3.3-trimethyl-2-methlyene
ceased the alcohol is distilled off. The dyestufl’
indoline and 269 parts of para-N-met-hyl-iso
separates in the form of crystals. It has a very
heptyl-amino-ortho-chlorobenzaldehyde boiling
good a?inity for cellulose esters and cellulose
.. idine.
ethers which are dyed reddish-yellow-tints and 65 at a temperature between 190° C. and 196° C.
under a pressure of 3 mm. (prepared in a manner
is distinguished by an excellent fastness to wet
analogous to that described in Example 1) are
processing. The dyestufr has the formula:
heated to 70° C. to 80° C. in 900 parts of glacial
acetic acid until the formation of the dyestuff is
Hsc
complete. The solution of the dyestu? is then
added to strong phosphoric acid and salted out
Iso-octyl
with acid sodium phosphate. When dried the
dyestu? forms a resin of a bronze luster which is
readily soluble in‘ water and dyes cellulose esters
and cellulose ethers bluish-red tints having a very
in.
5. 173 parts of 1.3.3-trimethyl-2-methylenein
doline and 310 parts of para-N-iso-octyl-beta
65 good fastness to wet processing. The dyestuil has
chloro-ethylamino-ortho-tolylaldehyde (a non
distillable yellow oil which may be prepared in a
manner analogous to that described in Example 70
1) are heated for several hours at 70° C. to 80° C.
in 750 parts of glacial acetic acid. When the for
mation of the dyestuif is complete the dyestuff
solution is added to concentrated hydrochloric
acid and salted out with sodium chloride solu 76
the formula:
>
The base necessary for the production oi.’ the
2,885,747
aldehyde was prepared, according to known processes; from 'meta-chloroaniline, isoheptyl alcohol
and hydrochloric acid and by methylating the
monoisoheptyl-meta-chloroaniline obtained. It
‘
3
member or the group consisting of isoamyl, iso
octyl, and isoheptyl groups; Y is a member of the
éroup consisting of hydrogen and methoxy; AN
means anion; and ALK means alkyl which dye
boils at a temperature between 145° C. and 150° 6 acetate silk red-violet and bluish-red tints.
C. under a pressure of 2.5 mm..
2. The dyestu?! oi.’ the formula:
We claim:
f
'
1. The dyestuffs o the formula
_
Hi0
mo>¢
Bi
Y
\N honyl-CH-GH-L
R0/
‘
‘p
_
'
'
\
mo
» \
Inc-o
Eek
" >
1°
N
/
mm?‘
'
/ \
0cm
CE=CH—JJ \
H
/ \
'
mo
01
dyeing acetate silk red-violet tints.
wherein R1 is a member‘ or
ALK
the group
AN; consisting
HANS vox FREYBERG.
of methyl, ethyl, vand chloroethyl groups; R: is a
HEINRICH KOCH.
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