Патент USA US2386010код для вставки
Oct. 2, 1945. 2,386,010 F._L. SPIVEY . POULTRY AND vLIVE STOCK FEEDER Filed Név. 15, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1‘ Ha ///-a. _‘ ‘, WWII/114m VIII/111M VIIIA‘ n- I , Patented Oct. 2, 1945 were asst-mos _ Frank L. SpiveyfSair Antonioiy'liexr, assignon(if?I ; i‘ » on'eelialf-ito?-"Ei‘i Overall,r SamAhtonio; Téx'i'f-d Hazela Florence .‘Spivey administratriiz': of:. saidi: ; ' lihtanmspiveyizdéceased My, invention-relates.to..improvements..in auto I I. A ardhel'dihplétce byv lockj nuts; Hli ‘ By, this, ar V ' An object‘. of- my‘ invention . islto'providefpro; tectioniorgthe . feed contained. in the~.feeder. be. tweenfeedi'ngperiods' againstlwaste by. birds, rats, mice,<,andlthe..eleme1its. asrain; .‘dust' and. storm. “,Ahotherohject- of invention istogprovide a } féedéltjj'selfroperatedi ,by‘» thee particular. poultry ‘ or 1ive.l‘stocl&.to,be..féd._ and so constructed. in.size and- balance; as re. preyent; other. kinds. and. sizes of 'poultrygor live stocklnotintendedltobe fed from gettingsaidfféed. .- " H slid'ablér connection. ‘with- .said. housing,_is.qa feed bin rseatea upon. adjustable. pins‘ 8” projecting from,_rotatablej. discs; 9T.which, after, adjustment > without; attentionby; a. caretaker. at feeding. De. .p. ‘ 1 Application November 15, rs4si'seriarnt. ‘510,337.; matic ‘means . for. feeding, poultry, a’ndQlive. stock ‘ riods'. 1 ; ‘ ' f Another. obj ectf army, inventionlis. .to. providea feeder which will preventthepoultryion animal being, fedffrom [climbing,fnto..the-feed.;trough .and contaminatingthefeedliliereby. . ‘ ‘ Other.‘ ‘obj ects ofv my "invention. Willi be ‘under-. stood'. ‘from‘astudy; of,‘ thev accompanying._draw. ings and'speci?'cations in which‘ like reference characterszreferrto :likéeiparts throughout the vari rangement'tlieiféed‘ bin may, be. raised‘or lowered relative‘ to the feed."trough 3“lfor‘r_egulating the ratenat‘. which the feed‘?! l‘is: discharged into the feedit'rough, While itfi‘sinot'es'sential’for success ftllfol‘ierationr of ‘the, feeder,‘ it is, preferred tlfi'atfthe lowernoruon ofi'tli'eiféedibinbe OfJgreat'er~ width th‘an'tlie topportion thereof "to preventw‘ed'ging of "feed‘, Centeringpihs l In‘ projecting: inwardly from the :ends. offtlfie ‘housing “I ‘arejprovidedin ._or‘ der toassure a‘ verticalpo‘sition o'f‘the. féedibin ‘l 15 regardless ‘ of" the‘p'ositions; of “the .pins" carried bygtli‘eodiscs '9’. Thepins' Il‘wa‘re soispa'ced with relation to"the,vli'dth‘ of 'the'feed ‘b‘in T‘thatf they will‘permit’vertical [movemerit‘of "the ‘feed but will ‘prevent “horizontalj‘nioyement of‘ the feed ‘bin 1 "wherr'the' discs. 9? carryingjthe pins ‘Stare. rotated. Pivoted'by; pins l_2't‘_o‘ housir‘igv ends below'trough 3*‘are arms" of ‘foot’restsl 3.’ The downward ‘move ous views: ment of said foot rests is limited by suitable‘stops In the drawings: l4. Connected to the foot rests l3 are upwardly Figure 1 is a side elevation of the feeder as seen 25 extending pull rods l5 provided at their upper from the left side of Figure 2;. ' Figure 2 is a vertical sectional’view taken on line 2——2 of Figure l. ' _' ends with links I6 which serve to connect said pull rods [5 with the inner ends of balance levers ll pivoted to the housing I by shafts i8. ‘ The Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section outer ends of levers I‘! are provided with links H] taken on line 3—3 of Figure 2. 30 forming the connecting medium between the out Figure 4 is a side elevation as seen from the right hand side of Figure 2. er ends of levers H and doors 6. - “ An examination of Figures 1, 2 and 4 will dis Figure 5 is a horizontal sectional view taken on close that when positioned for operation the line 5—5 of Figure 4. weight of doors 6 will be slightly greater than the Referring to the drawings; Figure 2, the feeder 35 weight of the foot rests. Thus the doors 6 will consists essentially of a housing I, with ends ex seat on the trough sides while the foot rests [3 tending to and forming ground bases therefor, will be vertically elevated. In such position it and has a removable lid 2, and a feed trough will be noticed that a downward movement of the 3 for a bottom. Said housing has feeding open foot rests l3 through action of the pull rods, links ings 4 above the sides of the trough. Mounted 40 and levers results in an upward movement of the for vertical sliding movement in run-ways 5 (Fig doors. Attention is here invited to the fact that ure 5) located at each end of openings 4 are doors with various types and sizes of feeders the loca 6 which normally close said openings by seating tion of the various pivots, stops, and lengths of upon the top of the trough sides, when positioned links, pull rods and levers will of necessity vary as viewed in Figure 1, and the left hand half of 45 in accordance with individual requirements. Figure 2. If desired, and it is here preferred to While the feeder has been described as a feeder prevent rain falling on the side of the housing from which feed may be obtained from either side from going into the feed trough 3 at the bottom it can readily be converted into a feeder from of door 6, that the upper edge of the trough sides which feed is obtainable from one side only by be bevelled as viewed in Figure 2, and the lower 50 merely disconnecting one of the pull rods I5. On edge of the door he bevelled opposite to the bevel which ever side the pull rod I5 is disconnected on the trough-side. Thus constructed, when doors the door 6 will remain constantly in its closed 6 seat on top of the trough sides, water falling position. on the housing cannot get into the feed trough. To operate, the feed is placed in the feed bin Mounted within housing I and having ends in and then passes into the feed trough. Then in nor 2 , 2,386,010 lid, and link, rod, lever and platform means for vertically raising said sliding doors. mal position as aforedescribed the poultry or an imal to be fed steps upon one of the foot rests l 3. The additional weight upon foot-rests l3 will cause same to go downward while the doors 6 will move upward, or rise. As the feed in the trough is eaten, more feed passes from the feed bin into the feed trough. When the poultry or animal re moves its weight from foot rest 43 the-weight of 3. A device of the class described and claimed in claim 2; wherein each link, rod, lever and platform means for vertically raising the sliding doors comprises a platform with arms pivoted to V the housing 'for. limited vertical movement with relation, to said housing, balance levers pivoted to a' housing side, links and a rod connecting a the door being greater than the weight of the foot rest goes downward while the foot rest moves 10 door and platform with opposite ends of the levers and so balanced that in normal position the doors upward. The doors seat upon their trough sides; will be closed and the platforms raised, and stop in their normal positions. means for limiting downward movement of plat It is to be understood that while a preferred‘ ‘ form of the invention is disclosed changes may be r ’ forms. 7 made in various parts of themechanism'toeon .15 ' 4.’ A device as claimed in claim 2 wherein said iced trough has sides with the upper edges bev form to individual requirements without chang ing the spirit of the invention. f .Qelled vand said doors have bottom edges bevelled opposite to the level on the trough sides so that Having described my invention what I claimas. new, and desire Letters Patent for are: ' l “ when the doors are seated a joint is made which 1. In combination with a housing, a feed trough. 20 prevents ‘falling rain from going into the feed within said housing, a feed bin within the hous trough. within said housing having bevelled top sides, means for adjusting and spacing the, 'feed bin openings in the sides of said housing communi— above the feed ‘trough, openings in said housing communicating with said feed trough, vertically eating with said feed trough, vertically sliding doors with bevelled bottom edges adjacent the openings-door runways, foot rests with arms piv oted to the housing ends. for limited vertical movement in relation to the housing, balance sliding closures‘mounted adjacent said openings, a removable housing lid, guide pins for position ing the feed bin walls, footrests pivoted to the housing for limited vertical movement with rela tion' to said housing, and link, lever and rod means connecting said vertical sliding closures and the foot rests so balanced that the closures will nor mally assume their down-most or closed position. 2. In combination with a housing having'open ings therein, a feed troughlwithin said housing, a feed bin within and having end walls adjacent the end walls of the feed trough, adjustable stops ‘mounted on the housing end walls and spacing the ‘feed bin above the feed trough,,an’d compris ing guide pins for positioning the feed bin'walls, vertically sliding doors mounted for closing the openings, door runways, a removable housing - V 5. In combination‘with ahousing, a feed trough ing communicating with said feed trough, stop pivoted to the sides of the housing, links 30 levers connecting said vertically sliding doors with the outer ends of the balance levers, link and rod means for connecting the foot rests with the inner ends 'of the levers so balanced that in normal .35 position the doors will be closed while the foot rests are raised, stops limiting downward move ment of the foot rests, a feed bin wider at the bottom than at the top mounted within the hous ing, adjustable stops spacing the feed bin above feed trough, and pin means positioning the to the walls of the feed bin, substantially as described. ' FRANK L. SPIVEY.