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Патент USA US2386241

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Oct. Q, 1945.
G. A. LYON
WHEEL STRUCTURE
Filed Sept. 6, 1943
ll
2,386,241
2,386,241
Patented Oct. 9, 1945
,UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,386,241
WHEEL STRUCTURE
George Albert Lyon, Allenhurst, N. J. '
Application September 6, 1943, Serial No. 501,346
4 Claims.
(or. 301-47)
assembly including a central, relatively rigid, cir
cular hub cap simulating portion provided with
an axially inwardly extending ?ange at the
radially outer margin thereof, said ?ange termi
nating in a beaded-edge, said ?ange and beaded‘
edge being arranged to retainingly receive the
This invention is directed to an improved wheel
structure: and relates more particularly to an
improved cover assembly therefor.
'
It is an important object of the invention to
provide improved retaining means for detachably
securing a cover assembly over the outer side of
radially inner margin of an outer annular, cover
member to provide a unitary assembly.
In accordance with the general features of the
for disposition over the outer side of a wheel "
structure, a multipart cover assembly including 10 present invention there is provided herein, for
disposition over a wheel structure having .a drop
an outer annular portion formed from synthetic
center type tire rim and‘ a central load bearing
plastic material having physical characteristics
a wheel structure.
a
‘
,
It is another object of the invention to provide
enabling-it to be self-sustaining as to form and .
portion secured thereto, a multi-part cover as
yet locally, resiliently ?exible whereby it snaps
sembly including a radially outer annular portion
‘back to its initial position immediately upon the 15 formed from synthetic plastic material and a
relatively rigid central circular hub-cap simulat
release of de?ecting pressures therefrom and a
ing portion formed from sheet metal or the like,
relatively rigid central circular hub cap simulat
said central hub cap simulating portion being
ing cover portion constructed from thin sheet
provided at the radially outer periphery thereof
metal or the like, said cover portions having
adjacent peripheries retainingly engaged with 20 with a bead turned generally'radially outwardly,
arranged to retainingly receive the inner periph
one another, thereby to provide a ‘unitary cover
eral edge of the radially outer cover member,
. assembly in which the radially outer part ex
said central circular cover member being pro
tends radially outwardly over the outer side of
the radially outer part of the wheel to conceal . vided with a circular intermediate hump disposed
the same and beyond the wheel to conceal the 20 axially outwardly of the bead to prevent axial
outward movement of the edge of the radially
' junction thereof with a tire therein, the radially
outer cover member thereover when the latter
outer portion of the cover having a cross 'ec
tional con?guration of such shape that it gen
erally simulates the curvature of the outer side
is secured thereto from the rear side thereof, I
there being resilient spring clip members secured
to the adjacent portion of the outer side of the
wheel structure and arranged to resiliently, de
tachably engage the inner part of the peripheral
of a tire with which it is associated thereby to 30
give- the appearance of being a- continuation
thereof and a part thereof and particularly a
margin of the central circular cover member to
massive white side wall thereof when colored
secure the cover assembly detachably over the
white.
,
‘
outer side of the wheel structure.
It is still another object of the invention to '
'provide for disposition over the outer side of a
wheel structure of the type having a tire rim
,
”
Other objects and advantages of the invention
' will become apparent from the following descrip
tion and accompanying drawing, in which:
and a central load bearing portion, a cover as
sembly having means extending axially inwardly
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a wheel
from an intermediate part thereof, said wheel 40 structure embodying my invention, a portion be
structure having improved resilient clip members
ing broken away for illustrative purposes;
,
Figure 2 is a fragmentary radial cross-sec
on the outer side thereof for detachably engag
ing said axially inward means for the cover ' tional view of a wheel structure such as that
shown in Figure 1; and
to retain the cover over they wheel structure.
Figure 3 is a fragmentary radial cross-sectional
It is still ‘a further object of the invention 45
view of a modi?ed form of my invention.
to provide improved spring clip elements on a
It will be understood that the modi?cations
wheel structure for maintaining a cover assembly
‘ shown herein are for illustrative purposes only
thereon in detachable relationship, said spring
clips being provided with a portion engaged to
the wheel structure and having another portion
arranged for radial inward yielding movement to
.a?ord attachment of the cover assembly thereto.
It is still another object of the invention to
provide a multiepart cover assembly for disposi
tion over the outer side of a wheel structure, said
50
and may be changed or modi?ed without depart
ing from the spirit and scope of the invention as
set forth in the appended claims.
_ I
.
As will be seen from Figure 2, the wheel struc
ture shown herein as being associated with an em
bodiment of my invention includes a“ tire rim ill
of the drop center type having a base ?ange H
2
2,380,241
to which is secured a central load bearing por- ‘
tion |2 by means of a ?ange |2a formed on the
radially outer margin thereof, said ?ange being
covere2l irom the rear side thereof and is pre
. vented i'rom'separating therefrom outwardly by
the circularly humped con?gurationzot the in
riveted or welded to the base ?ange Ii.
The central load bearing portion i2 is further
provided with a radially inner bolt-on ?ange I3
termediate part of the cover 2|. With the fore
going construction it will be seen that there is
provided herein a multi-part cover assembly in
which the cover parts are held securely together
as a unitary-structure.’ In assembling the cover
which may be secured in any suitable manner to
an appropriate part of the vehicle such as the
brake drum or the like.
parts asshown in Figure 2, it is merely necessary
The tire rim I0 is further provided with op 10 to align the radially inner edge of the cover part
posite side wall ?anges H,,_opposite intermediate
20 with the bead 25 of the cover part 2| and on.
?anges l5 and opposite edge portions it between
which may be disposed the'radially inner parts-of
the axially inner side thereof, whereupon by
axial outward movement of the cover member
20 relative to the cover member 2|, the parts
a pneumatic tire including a ‘casing: if‘ltand an-v
inner~ tube | 8 provided with a'Yalve stem '| 8 which
may be aligned to extend through a suitable aper
ture in the adjacent side wall ?ange H.
The cover assembly ‘shown herein includes a
radially router annular portion 20 and a central
1%
may be disposed in the position shown.
_
To the end that the above described cover as
sembly may be retained upon the wheel struc
ture, there is provided herein a plurality of spring
clips 28. These clips are preferably arranged on
the outer side of the central load bearing portion
circular hub cap simulating portion 2|. The air- '~ '
t.
nular portion 2|! is preferably formed from syn
in I2 01’ the wheel structure in circular and circum
thetic plastic sheet material or the like and ‘has
4_i'erential1y spaced relation to prescribe a circle
physical characteristics enabling it to be self
of such diameter that the head 25 must be
sustaining as to form and yet resiliently, locally
sprung over the clips in attaching the cover to the
?exible so that it may be de?ected and yet will
wheel structure.’ Each of these spring clips in
25
snap back immediately into its original con?gura
clude'a supporting arm 29 arranged for surface
tion upon release of the ?exing pressures'there
engagement with the adjacent portion of the
from. The central cover member 2| is pref
outer surface of the central load bearing portion
erably formed from more rigid material such as _
I2 of the wheel. A part of or all‘ of each arm
thin sheet metal or the like and is provided with
' 29 may be riveted or welded to the wheel as
30
a central crown portion 22, an intermediate cor-~ \ shown, at 36. Each of the arms-29 extend radi
rugated, and thus strengthened portion 23 and a '
ally outwardly and merges to a curvate iunc
generally axially inwardly extending flange 24
tion portion 3| with an axially'outwardly, radi
terminating in 9, rolled bead 25 which serves to
ally inwardly,'obliquely disposed portion 32, the
reinforce the edge thereof and also to provide
latter portion being formed integrally with a
for assembling of the parts in a manner to be ex
portion 33 which terminates in a ?nger 34 rest
plained presently.
-
From Figure 2 it will be seen that the‘ annular
cover portion 20 is provided with an aperture
20;: which may be aligned with and receive the
outer end of the tire valve stem l9, whereby the.‘
latter is accessible for insertion of the nozzle of
an air hose thereon to permit inflation of the tire.
' The annular cover member 20 is further pro
vided' with a cross-sectional configuration of such
213g on the portion 29 or welded or riveted there
' With the foregoing construction it will be seen
that when the cover assembly is aligned concen
trically with the circle prescribed by the clips 28
and urged axially inwardly so that the head 25
engages against the porti?ns 32 of the respec
tive clips, the bead 25 is forced out of round as
45 it progresses axially inwardly -over' the portions
curvature that it substantially simulates the ad
\ 32 thereof until the curvate portions 3| have
iacent side will of the tire I‘! in the tire rim I0, - been passed, whereupon ‘the head again snaps
thus to give the appearance of being a part there
back into its circular condition and is drawn in
, of and a continuation thereof and further to give
tight wedging engagement between the respec
the appearance of being the white side wall of a 50 tive clips 28 and the adjacent portion at the outer
massive tire mounted upon a wheel structure of
surface of the central load bearing portion I2.
minimum dimensions when colored white. Fur
In removing the cover from the wheel struc
thermore, the radially outer‘portion 26 extends
ture it will be seen that due to‘ the physical char
radially outwardly beyond the edgeportion i6
acteristics of the annular cover member 20, the
thereby to conceal the junction between said edge 55 latter may be ?exed outwardly at a radially outer
portion and the tire |'|, this portion 26 being
part thereof to permit insertion of the point of
?ared slightly ‘outwardly to present to the ad
a pry-o? tool on the axially inner side of the
jacent portion ofthe surface of the side wall
head 25, whereupon the outer end of the tool
orthe tire a smooth riding surface whereby the
may be moved radially outwardly with the ad
tire does‘ not become out circularly upon lateral 60 jacent edge portion it‘: as the fulcrum against an ‘
expansion under load bearingconditions, and un
intermediate part of the tool to cause the point
der which circumstances it abuts the cover mem
thereof to move axially outwardly, thus to with
ber 20 to urge the same laterally outwardly to a
draw the bead 25 axially outwardly over the re
slight degree with each revolution of the wheel.
spective clips 28.
'
As will be seen from‘Figure 2'the radially in 65 --In the construction shown in Figure 3 the
ner marginal portion of the annular cover 20 is
wheel and tire construction is substantially simi
formed, as at 27, to provide a ?angeadapted to
lar to that disclosed in Figure 2. In this-modi
rest in surface engagement with the generally
?cation the cover ‘parts 3'5 and 36 preferably are
axially, =inwardly, radially ‘inwardly extending
formed from the same materialsand possess the
?ange 2-1 of the central circular cover member 2|. 70 same characteristics as cover parts 20 and 2| re
when in this position, it will be seen that the
spectively of Figure 2.
radially inner edge of the annular cover member
In this construction the cover member 36 may
“bears against the axially outer part of the
be provided with the intermediate corrugations
bead 25 thereby to be securely maintained in po
such as those shown at 22 in Figure 2, or may
, sition. Furthermore, the cover 20 is applied to the 76 be plain as shown in Figure 3. ' However, in this
.
4
2,336,241
construction there is provided at the radially
3,
formed from sheet synthetic plastic material and -
outer margin of the cover member 36 a radially
a central circular portiomformed from relatively
inwardly, axially inwardly, obliquely disposed
rigid material, said circular portion being formed
at the radially outer periphery thereof to pro
?ange 31 which terminates in a rolled beaded
edge 38 which may be utilized for securing the UK vide a. generally axially inwardly radially inward
ly extending ?ange formed at the edge thereof
same to the wheel- structure in a manner to be
to provide a radially outwardly curled resilient
presently described. In this construction also
edge, said outer annular cover portion being the outer annular cover member 35 is provided
maintained in assembled relationship with the
with an outwardly ?ared, outer marginal portion
39 which is arranged to extend radially outward 10 circular cover portion by disposition of the ra
dially inner margin thereof over the radially outer
ly beyond the edge portion l6 of tire rim to con
surface of said marginal ?ange'of the circular
ceal the junction between the same and tire I'I.
cover portion with the‘edge portion thereof abut
At the inner margin thereof, the cover member
ting the generally axially outer surface of the
35 extends into surface engagement with the
outer surface of the ?ange 31 with the radially 15 curled portion of the central circular cover por
tion.
I
inner edge thereof abutting the bead 38 so that
the parts are maintained as a unitary cover as
2. As an article of manufacture, a cover as-‘
sembly including a radially outer annular portion
sembly. In this construction also, the cover
formed from plastic material and a central cir
member 35 is applied to the cover member 36
means of axial outward movement thereof rela 20 cular portion formed from relatively rigid mate
rial, said circular portion being formed at the
tive to the cover member 36 from the axially in
radially outer periphery thereof to provide a gen
ner side of the latter.
'
erally axially inwardly extending ?ange formed
To the end that the cover assembly of Figure 3
at the edge thereof to provide a radially out
may be secured to the wheel structure in detach
able engagement therewith there is provided in 25 wardly curled resilient edge, said outer annular
cover portion being maintained in assembled re
the assembly of Figure 3 a retaining member in
lationship with the circular cover portion by dis
cluding an annular portion 40 having a ?ange
position of vthe radially inner margin thereof over
part M which may be riveted o-r welded to the
the radially outer surface of said marginal ?ange
adjacent portion at the outer surface of the cen—
tral load bearing portion l2 as shown at 42. The 30 of the circular cover portion with the edge portion thereof abutting the generally axially outer
remaining part of the annulus 40 is' preferably
surface of the curled portion of the central cir
- corrugated as shown and extends generally
cular cover portion.
axially outwardly, radially inwardly to be ob
3. In a wheel structure including a tire rim and
liquely disposed and terminates in spaced resil
ient ?nger members each having an axially outer 35 a central load bearing portion, retaining means
for maintaining a cover assembly over the outer
party 43 providing a radially outer extending
side thereof, said retaining means including a
hump and an intermediate curvate Iportion
part secured to the wheel and cover engaging
44 providing a radially outwardly extending
members, and a cover assembly including a ?rst
groove at the axially inner side of said hump.
Since the outwardly extending retaining ?ngers 40 circular portion formed from relatively plastic
and the annulus 40 are resiliently yieldable, the . sheet material and a second circular portion
formed from a relatively rigid ‘material and dis
cover assembly, to be attached to the wheel struc
posed concentrically to the ?rst cover portion,
ture, need merely be aligned concentrically there
with, whereupon the assembly is urged axially ' said cover portions each having the adjacent
inwardly against the retaining annulus so that 45 parts thereof formed to provide respective, gen
erally axially inwardly extending ?anges ‘ar
the head 38 overrides the humps 43 of the re
ranged to lie in substantial surface engagement
taining ?ngers to urge the same resiliently ra
dially inwardly a su?lcient amount to permit the
with one another to provide a composite snap-on
?ange for a cover assembly, said flange on the
bead 35 to override the same, whereupon the bead
comes to rest in the grooves at the portions M 60 relatively rigid cover portion being adapted to
engage directly with the cover engaging means
‘ to permit the ?ngers to ?ex radially outwardly
thereby to protect the ?ange of the cover portion
again into the position‘ shown in Figure 3. When
from damage during the cover retaining opera
the assembly is in the position there shown it
tion.
will be seen that the'cover is retained securely
upon the wheel structure and yet is removable’ 55 - 4. The cover assembly of claim 2 further char
acterized by the ?ange of the outer cover por
therefrom merely'by ?exing the radially outer
tion and the outer margin of the central cover
portion of the cover member 35 away from the
portion being engaged with each other in an in
wheel to permit the insertion of a pry-oil tool,
clined plane extending generally radially and
the point of which may be placed behind the
axially outwardly whereby to prevent the outer ‘
bead 38 to urge the same axially outwardly.
I claim as my invention:
'
1. As an article of manufacture, a cover as
sembly including a radially outer armular portion
annular portion from being accidentally displaced
or'separated from the central portion.
GEORGE ALBERT LYON.
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