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Патент USA US2386422

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Oct. 9, 1945.
H. s, BEATTIE
2,386,422
ALPHABETIC PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1943
JN____
6 Sheets-Sheet 2
Oct. 9, 1945.
2,386,422
H. S. BEATTIE
ALPHABETI C PRINTING MECHANI SM
Filed Feb. 19, 1943
6 Sheets-Sheet 3
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INVENTOR
ß” «f M
BY
'
y
AgTORNEY
Oct. 9, 1945.
H_ s~ BEATTlE
2,386,422
ALPHABETIC PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1943
G Shee‘hS--SheeîÍ 4
FIG. S.
X
a5. I
Á TTORNEY
Oct 9, 1945-
H. s. BEM-ns
2,386,422
ALPHABETIC PRINTING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1945
6 Sheefs-Sheet 5
FIG. 6.
/
////////////////////////// /////////////////////////////////////
0d» 9, 1945.
H. s. BEATTIE
2,386,422
ALPHABETIC Í’RINTING MECHANISM
Filed Feb. 19, 1943
F IG. 9.
BY
6 Sheets-Sheet 6
2,386,422
Patented Oct; -9, 1945
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,388,422
ALPHABETIC PRINTING MECBANISM
Horace S. Beattie, East Orange, N. J., “signor
to International Business Machines Corpora
tion, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New
York
Application February 19, 1943, Serial No. 478,419
9 Claims. (Cl. 101-93)
invention and the best mode, which has been con
This invention relates to alphabet printing
templated, of applying that prinicple.
mechanism and more particularly to the type con»
In said drawings:
trolled by perforated records.
The main object of the invention is to provide
means to increase the character printing capacity
oi the machine without requiring the use oi addi
tional pilot holes beyond those now available in
Fig. 1 is a diagram showing the particular
numerals, capitals oi' the alphabet, lower case
alphabet, special symbol type which are selected
a record column.
combination 9_8, 8_7, 7_6, 6_5, etc., and in
combination with the special R., X, and 0 perfo
under control of the periorations 1-9 singly or in
By way of explanation it is well known that
alphabetic printing characters are divided into
groups, usually three, selected by 0, X and R pilot
rations.
y
Fig. 2 is a sectional view showing diagrammati
cally the card feeding mechanism which may be
utilized as a control for the improved printing
mechanism.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view showing the main
holes. Ordinarily printing from numerals is also
required and these are selected by perforations
at the numeral index point positions alone and
without the use of a pilot hole.
The 0, X, R positions are at the top of card
and occupy such space that additional space for
more pilot holes is not available in a standard
size card.
The main object of the present invention is 20
attained by providing for the selection of addi
operating parts of the printing mechanism for
selecting the numerical and alphabetical char
acters, depending upon the perforations made in
the card column analyzed.
Fig. 4 is a timing diagram of the machine.
Fig. 5 is a, view in elevation showing particu
larly the arrangement of the operating shafts and
the driving cams and their associated follower
members.
sive index points, i. e. at 1_0, 2_1, etc., 9_8.
The sensing of such holes will select a character 25 Fig. 6 is a sectional view showing the formation
of the main operating cams of the machine and
d_iil‘erent from one which would be selected by
the associated driving trains.
a single hole alone.
Fig. 'l is a wiring diagram showing the plug
While the above novel principle of the inven
tion is utilized for selection of type as just de 30 connections and",` circuit arrangement.
Fig. 8 is a view in side elevation showing one
scribed it is preferable to provide for the selection
of the operating trains.
of additional groups of type by the pilot holes as
Fig. 9 is a view in side elevation showing an
well. Hence, while the novel selecting mecha
other operating train.
nism provides for the selection of a type in a
selected group by two holes, the pilot holes are
Card ,feed and machine drive
provided to select the desired group of a. plurality
oi' groups of type.
The machine in which the present improve
The advantage arising from the invention is
ments have been incorporated is well known and
that alphabetic characters can be duplicated Dro
is disclosed in the patents to Lake No. 1,379,268,
viding one series as capital letters and the other 40 dated May 24, 1921, Lake No. 1,600,413, dated
tional alphabetic printing characters, punctua
tion, special symbols, etc., by perforating succes
series as lower case. This extended capacity en
ables printing of reports corresponding to typing
from a conventional typewriter making reports
printed by a record controlled alphabet tabulat
ing machine more attractive.
The code adopted for selection of perforations
September 21, 1926, and the patent to Daly et al.
No. 1,896,540, dated February 7, 1933.
In machines illustrated in detail in the above
described patents and generally herein, tabulat
45 ing cards Ill (Fig. 2) are adapted to be fed singly
is one that can be used with a conventional card
by a picker Il from a supply stack to a pair of
upper feeding rollers I2 which conveli1 the card
yperforating machine, thus avoiding any special
perforating instrumentalities and enabling per
lyzed by the usual perforation analyzing brushes
foration of holes in the card in the customary
manner.
Other objects of the invention will be pointed
out in the following description and claims and
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which
disclose, by way of example, the principle oi’ the
so as to have’the perforations of the card ana
I3 while the card is in motion. The card ana
lyzed then passes to a lower set of feeding rollers
il which then convey the card to a storage hop
per, usual in the type of machine referred to.
Card feeding operations are instituted by the
usual manual start key designated as ST in the
2
2,386,422
last mentioned patent so as to cause by an elec
trical circuit the energization oi' a card feed clutch
ing wheels 40 and the paper strip surrounding
the platen 44 there is a conventional inking rib
magnet l5.
bon. Each of the arms 42 is provided with an
The power for driving the card feeding rollers
extension 46 guided in a slotted bar 4B and in a
and other parts of the machine is derived from a 5 hole in the slotted bar 46 there is interposed a
motor (not shown) which by a belt |8 and pulley
spring 41 which, when released for action, rocks
I1 constantly rotates a ratchet wheel I! secured
the arm 42 to impress the printing wheel 40
thereto. The pulley |‘l and ratchet wheel I3 are
against the platen 44. The spring 4l is normally
loosely mounted upon a shaft i8.
restrained against action by means of a latch
In Fig. 2 there is shown the card feed clutch
pawl 48 which normally latches the arm 42. To
for causing card feed and is similar to the card
further suitably guide the arms 42 and space the
feed clutch disclosed in Fig. 1a of the Lake Patent
printing wheels it will be noted that each is pro
No. 1,822,594, dated September 8, 1931, to which
vided with a depending projection 43 fitting in a
reference should be had for details of construc
respective slot lli of a guide block Il.
tion and operation.
15
Reference character 52 designates a. print con
Upon completion of the electrical circuit to
trolling bail which is pivotally mounted by arms
clutch magnet Il, the latter attracts its armature
|23 on the rod 43 (see also Fig. 6) with the cross
2li to raise a clutch lever 2| to thereby unlatch
bar within the flanges 4| and as will be subse
the latter from a clutch pawl 22. The latter is
quently described the printing controlling bail
then drawn by a related spring 23 to engage the 20 ‘52 is reciprocated four different times during the
constantly rotating ratchet wheel i9. The clutch
operation of the machine when printing from
pawl 22 is carried by a bar 25, which is secured
the unlatched printing wheels is to be effected.
to a disk 2li secured to shaft IB and to the latter
The bail 52 rocks counterclockwise or downward
there is secured a pinion 21.
ly to the right from the position shown in Fig. 3
The construction and operation of the card 25 to enable unrestrained movement of the printing
feed clutch. as is well known, are such that upon
wheels 4|) to printing position when desired and
energizatlon of magnet I5, disk 26 will be rotated
after the printing impression has been eil'ected
and successive rotations of the shaft I8, and
the bail 52 is restored by means to be subsequent
therefore pinion 21, will ensue as long as tabu
ly described so that by coactlon with the flanges
30 4| the arms 42 and the printing wheels 40
latlng operations are desired.
'I‘he pinion 21 is in mesh with a gear 2B and the
mounted thereon will be restored and relatched.
latter drives the upper set of feeding rollers i2
During such restoration the extension 45 ls re
and the lower set of feeding rollers |4. The up
latched by the latch arm 48. It is to be under
per set of feeding rollers is intergeared by pin
stood, of course, that while the printing wheels
ions 23, one of which is rotatable with a gear 30 35 4|! are to be mounted closely together they are
in mesh with the driving gear 23. The latter also
to be suitably spaced for enabling free independ
meshes with a pinion 3| which ls rotatable with
ent rotation of the series of printing wheels 4|l.
one of a. pair of intergeared pinions 32 carried
Each printing wheel 40 is provided with a group
by the rollers |4 which drive the lower set of feed
of numeral printing characters for printing the
ing rollers |4. The driving gear 2B is of sum 40 numerals 0 to 9, a. complete set of alphabetic
cient width to drive a. gear 34 so that by a train of
characters for printing capitals thereof and a
gears 35, 36 a main drive shaft 31 is driven. (See
complete set of lower case alphabetic characters.
Fig. 9.) It is understood that as is usual in tabu
At this time there will now be explained the man
lating machines the card feed clutch is so de
ner in which numeral printing is effected under
signed and the gears are so proportioned that 45 control of the card perforations 0 to 9, inclusive. _
shaft 3l will be given a complete revolution in the
In Fig. 3 it will be observed that for the selection
arrow direction shown in Fig. 2.
of the numeral printing characters 1 to 9 a vari
It is customary in the type of machine described
able rotation of the printing wheel 40 in a coun
to cause printing from numeral type of a printing
terclockwise direction is necessary, it being ob
mechanism which are presented to a, printing line 50 served that to select the numeral type "1” the
and which are selected in accordance with the
least counterclockwise rotation of the printing
analyzing of the perforations of the card, and to
wheel 40 is necessary whereas for selection oi' the
carry out the numeral printing function in a novel
numeral type 9 a greater extent of rotation of
manner the improved construction will now be
the printing wheel 4|) in the same direction is
described.
55
necessary. A clutch controlled type selecting
mechanism is provided for eiïecting this variable
rotation under control of the 1-9 card perfora
tions.
The printing mechanism constructed as shown
F‘rom Fig. 3 it will be observed that the numeral
herein may consist of a plurality of orders, the 60
printing characters |-9 are provided on alternate
number being dependent upon the number of
Digit or numeral printing mechanism
gear teeth of the printing wheel 40 and said gear
numerical or alphabetical characters which are
teeth mesh with the teeth of a clutch gear 53,
to be printed. Fig. 3 shows a plurality of control
magnets for four orders but the type selecting
there being, of course, one clutch gear for each
mechanism for one order and it is to be under 65 printing wheel 4I. The main drive shaft 3l
drives through an intermeshing gear 5B (Fig. 9),
stood that the type selecting mechanism is du~
plicated for as many orders as is required.
a shaft carrying tube il and which tube is pro
vided on its periphery with ratchet shaped clutch
The printing elements preferably consist of one
teeth il. these teeth being coextensive with the
or more printing wheels 4|l, each of which is cen
trally apertured so as to overlie a ñange or hub 70 length of the tube 51. The clutch teeth Il are
arranged in three groups of eighteen each and
4|. The hub 4| is integral with an arm 42 pivoted
through the intermediate gear driving connection
upon a rod 43 and the rocking of such arm will
5I with shaft 31 the tube l1 is given one and one
carry the selected printing type of the printing
third revolutions for each cycle of operation of
wheel 40 against a conventional platen 44, it be
ing understood that interposed between the print 75 the machine. The clutch gears I3 are mounted
8,386,422
upon the tube I1 and are suitably spaced the same
width as'the printing wheels Il so that each
clutch gear I3 will mesh with the related printing
wheel ll that it drives.
Each clutch gear Il has pivotally mounted
thereon a clutch pawi I! provided with a clutch
tooth il. A spring Il secured to the clutch pawl
Il normally urges the clutch pawi Il so that the
clutch tooth Il will engage one of the ratchet
teeth I’ but such action is normally restrained
by a clutch release arm Il. the arm having a
projection ll which normally engages an exten
sion ll of the clutch pawl Il.
As is weil known in the operation of the clutch
mechanism now being described, at the moment
the clutch release arm 02 is rocked the clutch
pawl 6| will be free to engage one of the clutch
notches 5l and since the tube 51 is driven in a
clockwise direction the clutch gear 53 will be
driven in the same direction so as to rotate the
printing wheel 40 eountercloclrwise. The clutch
engagement of the clutch pawl 59 and the engaged
notch Il is maintained until the extension 84 of
the clutch pawl 59 again strikes the extension 83
of clutch release arm 82 which, in the meantime,
has returned to the normal position shown in
Fig, 3. This will disengage the clutch pawl 59
from the clutch tooth 5B it engaged. It will be
observed that in the normal position of the clutch
pawl U9, this position is also maintained by a
detent block 66 which is integral with the clutch
gear I3.
The clutch teeth BI are arranged in three sim
ilar groups and one of the teeth designated
l, 2, 3 ...9 of the group which is effective is en
gaged by the clutch pawl 59 to effect the desired
extent of rotation of the printing wheel to select
the printing characters 1 to 9, dependent upon
which tooth is engaged. The manner in which
3
rotation of the shaft 1l the operating disk l! will
be given an extent of movement which is depend
ent upon the perforation analyzed, the disk being
given greatest extent of movement when the I
perforation is in the column and the least extent
of movement when the i perforation is analysed,
as is evident in Fig. 3.
The means ior rocking the shaft 1l is best
shown in Fig. 6, wherein it will be noted that se
cured to the main drive shaft 31 is an eccentric
cam II and cooperating with the cam 83 is a fol
lower arm Il which is an integral part of a seg
ment l5 meshing with a gear Il secured to the
rock shaft 1l. ’I'he formation of the cam ll is
such that as the card pertoratlons pass the
analyzing brush Il the segment Il will rock shaft
10 to cause the correspondingly designated
ratchet teeth 1I to pass by the clutch pawl 1l,
as is evident from the timing diagram of Fig. 4.
The clutch disk 1| is therefore, rotated at a con
stant speed from the beginning of a machine cycle
to 184°, then accelerates in speed. and thereafter
` to a constant speed to 269°. (See Fig. 4.) After
269° shaft 10 and clutch disk 1| are rotated in a
reverse or clockwise direction.
In so doing a pro
jecting cam portion l1 of the clutch disk 1I bear
ing against the extension 1l of the clutch pawl
1I causes operating disk 02 to be restored clock
wise. The cam U3 (Fig. 6) is provided with a cam
surface which will cause the clutch disk 1I to be
rocked counterclockwise slightly beyond the posi
tion shown in Fig. 3 in order that the clutch pawl
14 is relatched by the clutch release arm 19.
After such relatching clutch disk 1| cornes back
to the normal position shown in Fig. 3.
The variable extent cf counterclockwise rota
tion of the operating disk 82 is provided to deter
mine the time of engagement oi the clutch pawl
59 with the clutch tube 51 in the following man
ner: The operating disk 82 carries guide pins 8B
the desired clutch engagement with the required
receiving guide slots 89 of an arcuate plate Sii.
clutch tooth 53 is effected under control of the
A latch pawl 9i latches the plate Sil in the posi
card perforations will now be described with par
tion shown in Fig. 3 against the action of a spring
ticular reference to Fig. 3.
92 connected to the plate Sil and which spring is
Reference numeral 10 designates a reciprocat
ing shaft which is rotated counterclockwise 180° 45 also the operating spring for the clutch pawl 14.
The plate 90 is provided with a. cam projection
and is then reversely rotated. Attached to the
93' in the plane of an extension Si of the clutch
shaft 10 is a clutch disk 1i provided with clutch
release arm 62. The operating disk 82 is rotated
teeth 12 designated- 1_9 and 0. During the
counterclockwise after it is picked up by the
counterclockwise rotation of the clutch disk 1i,
the clutch teeth 12 pass by the clutch engaging 50 clutch engagement so that projection 93 coacting
with the extension 9i will rock the clutch release
portion 13 of a clutch pawl 14 and a clutch tooth
will be engaged according to the corresponding
arm B2 t0 cause pawl 59 to engage one of the
teeth 58 which corresponds in numeral designa
tions to the numeral designation of the perfora
The card is perforated with holes to repre
sent the digits 0-9, as is customary, and is passed 55 tion analyzed.
by the analyzing brushes I3 to analyze the index
Before the time that the variable rotation of
points in the order 9,8,7 . . .0. When the analyz
the operating disk B2 is determined under control
ing brush i3 senses a hole, a circuit is closed to
of the card perforations and eil’ected, the clutch
a printing control magnet 15 (Figs. 2 and 3) by
tube 51 has been rotated to some extent and as
perforation analyzed.
a circuit to be later described and for each card 60 the clutch teeth 58 of the group that is eil’ective
column analyzed there is a printing control mag
pass by the clutch pawl 59, >the clutch release
net 15. When a printing control magnet 15 is
arm 62 may be rocked by the cam extension 93
energized, its armature 16 is attracted so as to
of the plate 90 and dependent upon the time of
pull a call link 11 upwardly. Each call link 11
the rocking of the clutch release arm 62 a varia
is pivotally connected to one arm of an irregu 65 bie extent of rotation of the gear 53 will be given
larly shaped member which in general comprises
until the termination of the machine cycle.
a-clutch release arm 1B which has a latch exten
However, at this time. the type carrier wheel 40
sion 1! normally engaging an extension 80 of the
has not been rotated counterclockwise sufficiently
clutch pawl 1I. The clutch pawl 14 is pivoted
so that the selected numeral type is coordinated
by a stud BI to an operating disk B2. When an
analyzing brush I3 encounters a card perforation
a related magnet 1I will be energized and as a
result clutch pawl 14 will engage one of the teeth
12 dependent upon which perforation is en
countered, so that during the counterclockwise
with -the platen Il. However, during the next
machine cycle the rotation of the clutch tube 51
will effect a further clockwise rotation of the gear
53 effecting a supplemental counterclockwise ro
tation of the printing wheel I0 until the selected
4
i
»,ssans
numeral type is at the printing position. When
gear 03 is rotated suillciently so that theV exten
sion 03 oi' the clutch release arm 02 engages t
`
clutch pawl 59 the latter will be rocked out o f'
projection ||3 which is an extension of the latch
member 40, thereby rocking the latch member
l0. While the laten member l0 is retained in its
unlatched
position, and after 88° or the next
engagement with the teeth 50 it previously en 5 machine cycle the bail l2 is rocked downwardly
gaged to cause the clutch mechanism to be in
releasing arm I2 for movement to permit print
the disengaged position shown in Fig. 3. Print
ing from the selected numeral characters and
ing from the selected numeral type is effected at
printing is etl'ected under control ci the bail 52
11H/2° oi the machine cycle subsequent to the
so as «to occur at 111.5° of the machine cycle as
machine cycle the card was analyzed and is ei 10 shown by the designation "N-Prints” in the tim
i'ected by mechanism which will now be described.
ing diagram. After the cam projection ||2 has
Reference numeral |00 represents a zone select
engaged the latch member Il to permit printing
ing disk which determines by its variable extent
under control oi' bail 52 the shaft |0| is restored
oi' counterclockwise rotation from which group
in a clockwise 4direction as previously stated and
of type characters the type selected by the 1-9 is during the clockwise rotation of the disk |00 a
holes is to be printed from. The variable extent
projection ill thereof will engage the clutch
of rotation ot the zone selector disk |00 is deter
portion |00 of the clutch pawl |01 to drive disk
mined aiter the digit representing perforations
|00 clockwise and slightly beyond normal posi
|-0 are analyzed and is determined by the pres
ence of the perforations 0, X and R in their cus
tomary index point positions. In «the absence of
such special perforations the card column will
represent the digits 1-9 and accordingly means
is provided to elïect the variable displacement
tion to cause the clutch pawl to be relatched by
20 the clutch release arm ||| after which the clutch
disk |00 is given a ccunterclockwise rotation so
as to come to normal position. The operating
train for enabling bail 52 to print from the se
lected digit will now be described:
of the zone selector disk |00 when printing of 25
Reference has been made to bail 52 and the
the digits 1-9 is to be eifected.
For driving the zone selector disk |00 counter
clockwise there is provided a, reciprocating shaft
|0| and this shaft is reciprocated by a driving
latter is reciprocated several times during the
operation of the machine when printing opera
tions are to be eiïected.
From Fig. 6 it will be seen that shaft 31 drives
train now to be described. Secured to shaft 31 30 a cam H5 which cooperates with a follower bell
is a profile cam |02 (Fig. 8) and cooperating with
crank H5 which is connected by a link ||1'to a
this cam is a bell-crank shaped follower member
double arm H0. Arm | I8 is connected by links
|03 and to this member there is connected a link
i2| and |22 to one arm |23 of a pair o! arms
|00 (see also Fig. 6) pivoted to an arm secured
which carry bail 52. Link I2| is also carried by
.to the reciprocating shaft |0|. The formation 35 an arm ||9 which has a pivot connection |20 to
of the cam |02 is such that between 88° and 165°
link I2|. The cam formation of cam ||0 is such
of the machine cycle the shaft |0I is restored
as to rock bail 52 to the right and then to the
in a clockwise direction-after having been rotated
left four times. As arm ||8 is initially rocked
counterclockwise so that at about 165° oi’ the
clockwise under control of cam lili, arm Il!
machine cycle. as shown in the timing diagram, 40 restrains
link |2| so that as the left end oi’ link
the cam |02 will be in position so that thereafter
I2| moves downwardly and tothe right the right
0, X, R, N, clutch notches |05 (Fig. 3) formed
end moves upwardly and also to the right and
in a disk |00 secured to rack shaft |0| will be
through the interconnecting link |22 bail 52 will
passed in succession by the clutch engaging end
be rocked to the right to enable printing. At one
|00 of a. normally latched clutch pawl |01 which 45 rocked position of arm H0, its pivot connection
is pivoted on the zone selector disk |00. Of course,
to link |2I, pivot |24, and the pivot connection
in the absence of the special perforations 0, X,
of link |22 to arm |23 are all in a straight line.
and R there will be no engagement of the pawl
Thereafter further clockwise rocking of arm IIB
|01 with such designated notches but in printing
will cause pivot |24 to pass above the mid-center
numerals the notch N will be engaged by the 50 position
to break the toggle and thus move bail
clutch pawl |01. To eiïect this it will be noted
52 clockwise to restored position. When arm ||0
that the disk 02 is provided with a cam portion
is restored counterclockwise the reyerse action
02a which, after its counterclockwise rotation
takes place. From the timing diagram it will be
has been initiated, will engage an interposer
pawl |00 pivoted to an extending arm oi’ the 55 seen that at about 88° of the machine cycle, at
which time member 48 has been rocked to unlatch
clutch release ann 1B and with the interposer
extension l5, the bail 52 begins to rock counter
|00 elevated it will be noted that it is now in
clockwise and printing wheel 40 will roll slightly
operative relationship with an extension I|0 of
over gear 53 and during this rolling action the
a clutch release arm ||| cooperating with the
clutch pawl |01 in the customary manner. At 60 selected type will be brought to such a position
as to strike the platen 44 and print this digit.
225° of the machine cycle the notch N of the
The restoration of bail 52 will relatch the printing
clutch disk |00 will be in cooperation with the
wheels 40 in normal position.
clutch pawl |01 and at this time by means to be
The means for transmitting the impulse to the
subsequently described magnet 15 is energized
and the clutch release arm 10A will be rocked sc 65 printing control magnet 15 at the time the notch
N is to be engaged by the clutch pawl |01 will
that the interposer |00 will be shifted to the right
now be described: From Fig. 2 it will be seen
and by its cooperation with the extension ||0
that for each card column the related brush is
of the clutch release arm Ill will rock the same
wired to a plug socket |25 and a plug connection
counterclockwise to unlatch the clutch pawl |01.
By such release the engaging portion |06 will 70 may be made from this socket to either a plug
engage the notch N and the zone selecting disk
socket |20 or a plug socket |21 (see Fig. 7),.de
|00 will be driven counterclockwise. The counter
pending whether numeral printing is to be effected
clockwise rotation given to the zone selector disk
for that card column, or alphabetic and numeral
|00 is suillcient for a cam projection H2 thereof
printing. This brings into circuit connection
to engage at 88° of the next machine cycle a 75 with the printing control magnet 15 (see Fig. '1)
2,396,422
either cam operated contacts |23 or |20. cam con..
tacts |23 being closedby a cam driven by a shaft
31 so as to close during only the index points 1-9.
5
tion of the rock shaft |5|. The downward move
ment of the pitman |50 under control of cam |0|
will rock shaft |5| clockwise and from the timing .
diagram (Fig. 4) it will be observed that this
rocking of the shaft is effected between 198° and
216° of the `machine cycle, and after 216° of the
machine cycle the shaft |5I is maintained in its
through contacts |20 which are closed by a cam
rocked position until about 252° of the machine
driven by shaft 3l so as to close during all of the
cycle so that at 225° of the machine cycle which
index point positions, that is, 1-9, 0, X and R.
is the impulse time for the print control magnets
Referring to Fig. 3, pivcted at |30 is a bell crank i0 l5 the interposers |00 will be positioned in oo
shaped arm |3| urged by a spring |32 so that it
operative relationship with the extensions ||0 of
`bears against a cam portion |34 of the clutch
the clutch release arm |||.
disk 32 and also so that another arm thereof
With particular reference to F18. 'i' it will be
engages the center blade of a contact assembly
noted that for numerical printing plug connec
which comprises normally closed contacts |35 and
tions |52 are made between related pairs of plug
normally open contacts |35. When the disk 02
sockets |54. Considering now printing of digits
is rotated counterclockwise, which is effected
in the highest order it will be observed that the
when any of the numeral positions 1-9 are ana
impulse directed to the printing magnet 15 of
lyzed, the bell crank arm |3| will be rocked be
such order is also extended by a wire |55 and by
cause one arm drops from the high cam portion 20 means of the plug connection |52 the impulse is
|34 to a lower portion so that the other arm of
directed through the contacts |35 of the next
the bell crank will enable contacts |35 to open
lower denominational order which are normally
and contacts |35 to close. For each column in
closed, thence through cam contacts |5| which
which numeral printing is to be effected there is
are closed at the time this impulse is directed,
provided a plug socket |31 and where printing 25 thence through the printing control magnet of
is to be effected in three orders, as shown in Fig.
the next lower or tens denominational order.
7, they are interconnected by plug connections
This impulse directed to the printing control
When the plug connection is made to plug socket
|21 the analyzing brush I3 will be connected in
the circuit with the printing control magnet 'l5
|33. By means of a plug connection |39 one or
magnet of the tens order will, in the manner
more orders selected for numerical printing may
previously described, cause the unlatching of the
30
be connected to cam operated contacts |40 which
printing wheel 40 of the tens order but in view
are adapted to close at 225° in the machine cycle.
of the fact that the printing wheel 40 has not been
'I'his impulse then extends through the particular
differentially rotated because it was not utilized
contacts |33 which are closed, thence through
to print any of the digits l-9 inclusive, the print
cam contacts |4| which are closed by a cam driven
ing Wheel is in the position shown in Fig. 3. The
by shaft 31 so as to close such contacts between 35 movement of the print bail 52 will enable such
22S-234°, the circuit then being extended through
printing wheel to rotate over the now stationary
the printing control magnet 15 to the other side
gear 53 and in such rolling operation the "0”
of the line. Therefore, at 225° an impulse is
printing character will strike the platen 4l, thus
transmitted to the printing control magnet ‘l5 so
printing a 0 in this order.
as to cause the rotation of the related zone selec di)
Obviously, if the next lower, or the units order,
tor disk |00 (Fig. 3) in a counterclockwise direc
is not utilized to print any of the significant digits
tion to thereby enable printing from the selected
1-9. the impulse transmitted to the printl control
numeral type. While the circuit has been de
magnet for the tens order will also be directed
scribed in connection with a single column, it. 45 by means of a plug connection |52 through the
will be obvious that the same operation is per
normally closed contacts |35 for the units order,
formed for other card columns. However, up to
thence through the cam operated contacts |I|
the present description no consideration has been
to the printing control magnet 15 for the units
given to the suppression of printing of zeros at
order, thus effecting printing of zeros in this
the left of the digit in the highest denominational 50 order. However, if the units order was utilized
order, or for printing of zeros at the right of the
for printing a significant digit the contacts |35
first significant digit so as to fill in the necessary
associated with the units order would be open
zeros. The preferred form of arrangement for
so that the impulse could not be transmitted from
securing this result will now be described in detail:
the tens order to the units order to effect zero
When the card columns are plugged up to effect 65 printing and instead printing of the selected digit
numeral printing it is necessary, of course, that
i-9 will be effected.
zeros in the lower denominational orders be
>It is to b_e understood that printing of zeros
printed, such as, for example in the number
for orders above the first signiñcant digit will be
"400." Due to the fact that the cam operated
automatically suppressed. For example, if the
contacts |20 are closed only during the time the 60 units order was selected to print only a significant
1_9- perforations are analyzed, provision is made
digit 1-9 and even though the tens and hundreds
for causing the release of the printing wheels 40
order columns were perforated to represent "0,"
of lower orders under control of the printing se
as is customary to tlll out the higher order col
lecting mechanism of a higher order when that
umns with zeros to show that all card columns
order is utilized to print a significant digit. The
have been punched, these zeros will be ineffective
necessity of such zero printing is well known in
for control purposes by reason of the fact that
the printing art and the preferred arrangement
contacts |20 are not closed during the time the
zero perforations are analyzed. Hence, the print
will now be described in detail. A pitman |50 is
ing wheels I0 of the orders above the order uti
reciprocated by a cam |5| (Fig. 8) driven by
shaft 31 and said pitman is connected to an arm 70 lized to print the ilrst signiiicant digit will re
main in normally latched position shown in Fig. 3
|32 which is secured to a shalt |5|, shown in both
and no printing will be effected for such higher
Figures 3 and 8. The shaft |5| at the portion
orders. Hence, zero printing for higher denomi
which is coextensive with the series of inter
national orders is automatically suppressed.
posers |03 (Fig. 3) is a “half shaft" and the in
terposers- |03 normally overlie the yflattened por 75
For the purpose of positively withdrawing the
6
9,888,49Q
armature 1I from the magnets there is provided
a knockoiT bail Il (Fig. 3) which is pivoted upon
a rock shaft 61. A dentated cam Bl (Fig. 9) se
cured to the main drive shaft I1 cooperates with
a follower pitman 09 which is connected to an
arm secured to the rock shaft l1. The dentations
of the cam 68 are of such formation that after
each time a printing magnet 1l has been ener
gized and its amature 16 attracted, the bail tl
will be depressed and by its cooperation with the
clutch release arm 1l the call link 11 will be
moved downwardly and the amature 1I posi
tively moved away from the cores or .the magnets,
thereby overcoming the eiIect of residual mag
netism which might cause the armature 1| to be
continuously attracted by the magnet 15.
Alphabetic printing mechanism-Printing of
capital letters
Il engages the projection I4 of the clutch release
arm 62 and at this time the clutch release arm
I2 will be rocked to unlatch the clutch pawl B9
which at this time is in operative relationship
with the “6” notch Il of the eiïective series. It
is to be understood that from the beginning o!
the machine cycle the clutch tube 51 has been
rotating counterclockwise in synchronlsm with
the rotation o1' the disks l2 and lllil to eii’ect this
operative relationship. 'I'he timing of the en
gagement of the “6” notch 50 of the clutch tube
l1 is shown in Fig. 4 to occur at 227%° and after
this point in the machine cycle the gear lil con
tinues to rotate counterclockwise so that the rota
tion of the gear 53 in this direction will rotate
the printing wheel Ill in a counter-clockwise di
rection.
In the rotation of disk Illll cam portion III
ultimately strikes the projection lil to rock the
In addition to printing of the numerals the 20 latch arm 48 and from the timing diagram it will
present machine is provided with an alphabetic
be observed that this occurs at 2491/2“ of the ma
printing mechanism which is capable of printing
chine cycle. At this time the bail 52 is beginning
not only alphabetic capital letters but also alpha
to rock counterclockwise downwardly to the right
betie characters in lower case. At this time there
as viewed in Fig. 3 and since the arm 42 oi’ the
will be described the performance oi' the machine 25 order now being considered has been unlatched.
in» printing the alphabetic capital letters.
printing wheel 40 will roll over the gear 53 at the
As previously described, when the machine is
same time that the gear 53 is driving the printing
to perform in this manner plug connections are
wheel 40 counterclockwise. The print bail $2 has
made between the analyzing brush sockets |25
been moved at 269° of the machine cycle suili
and the plug sockets |21 so that impulses will be 30 ciently i'ar so that the print wheel ‘il will strike
directed to the print control magnets of the dif
the platen M and from the timing diagram it
ferent orders under control of the perforation
will be observed that at 269° of the machine cycle
1-9 and also the type group selecting periorations
the printing wheel has been rotated counterclock
R, X and 0 in the same column. The operation
wise eleven steps from the time of engagement
of the machine will be described in connection 35 at 2273/4", thereby bringing the printing charac
with a speciñc example, namely the printing of
ter W to the printing position so that this print- .
the alphabet capital letter W which, from Fig. 1,
ing character will strike the printing platen M
it will be noted, is selected for printing by a per
and eñect the impression of this letter. Eleven
foration at the “6” index point position and also
teeth of printing wheel Ill from 0 selects the type
a supplementary perforation at Vthe "0” index 40 W. 0f course, after this operation the bail in
point position. The card passes by the analyzing
relatches the printing wheel 42 in the normal
position.
brushes I3 in the order 9, 8, 7, etc., and when
the 6 perforation is encountered at substantially
It will be understood that for the selection of
63° of the timing diagram (Fig. 4) an impulse is
any of the capital letters in the group selected by
transmitted to the related printing control mag 45 the "0” perforation, which capital letters accord
net 15 and by the time that the eil'ect of this
ing to Fig. l are S-Z, inclusive. the clutch caus
impulse causes the release of clutch pawl 14 the
ing the driving o1' the printing wheel Il will be
“6” notch 12 of the disk 1l is correlated with the
picked up at different times. For printing the
clutch pawl 14 and by the release of the pawl
capital letter Z the printing wheel 40 will be ro
14 this notch is engaged at '16° in the machine
tated a greater extent than for the selection of
cycle. Further rotation of the drive shaft 10
the printing character W, whereas for selection
will then drive the operating disk 82 counter
of the letter S a lesser rotation of the printing
wheel 40 will be eiîected, this being determined
clockwise for the purpose of operating the clutch
by the perforations 2_9, inclusive.
release arm B2 as previously described. The ini
tial rotation of the operating disk B2 causes, by 55 As for the time of printing the capital letters
determined by the presence of the "0” perfora
its cam formation 82a., the rocking of the inter
tion, it will be observed from the timing diagram
poser |03 so as to be moved in operative relation
that this occurs in the same machine cycle that
ship with the extension Ilil of the clutch release
the card is analyzed in contradistinction to the
arm III preparatory to the second energization
ot magnet 15.
machine operation for printing the numerals. it
being recalled that this is eiïected during the
From the timing diagram it will be observed
next machine cycle. In all cases printing from
that at about 171° of the machine cycle the 0
the selected characters of the group S-Z also oc
perforation is analyzed and at this time the “0”
curs at 269° of the machine cycle irrespective of
notch lili of the clutch disk |08 is in operative
the S-Z type selected. For the selection of a
relationship with the clutch pawl |01. The sup
desired type it is only necessary to eiîect the de
plemental impulse directed to the printing control
sired
rotation of the print wheel lil to bring it
magnet 1l will, in a manner previously described.
to printing position and this is determined by
release this clutch pawl so as to engage the “0”
the presence of the digit perforations 2-9 in the
notch IIB and the zone selector disk IM) now be
card column selected for control.
,
gins to rotate countercloekwise from this point
There
will
now
be
described
the
performance
in the machine operation. During the rotation
of the machine in the selection of the capital
o1 the zone selector disk lill the disk 82 is also
letters when the controlling card column has a
being rotated counterclockwise and at about
perforation at the “X" index point position.
227%“ of the machine cycle the cam projection 76 This will be described in connection with an ex
assenza
ample, namely theselection o! the capital letter
"O" and this is selected by pericrations at the
“6” index point position and also at the “X" in
dex point position.
7
Selection of alphabetic characters-Lower case
In addition to printing numerals and the al
phabetic type in capital letters me printing mech
The manner of effecting the clutch connection
for initiating the rotation of the printing wheel
anism is provided with three additional groups o!
alphabetic characters in lower case. It will be
noted from Fig. l that these groups correspond
4l is the same as has been described in connec
_ in character to the groups of alphabetic type in
tion with the selection oi' the “W” printing char
acter and the clutch engagement is eflected at
capitals. From Fig. 3 it will be noted that each
capital letter has adjacent thereto a type which
227%’ of the printing cycle. However, since there 10 is the same alphabetic character but in lower
is no perforation at the "0” index point position,
case. The use oi' alphabetic characters in lower
the printing wheel In will not be unlatched for
case is merely exemplary to illustrate one use
a printing operation at 269° and therefore, with
of the improved printing arrangement. lf so
clutch pawl 58 maintained in engaged position
desired other characters may be provided and by
with respect to the clutch tube 51 the gear 53
their selection in a manner now to be explained
will continue to rotate and, therefore, continue
they can be utilized for supplementary character
the counterclockwise rotation of the printing
printing.
wheel lil so that during this maintained rotation
Referring to Fig. 1 it will be noted that for the
oi' the printing wheel the group of printing char
selection oi’ aY particular lower case type one of
acters J-R will be brought into operative corre 20 the pilot holes 0, X, R. is required and in addi
lation with the platen M. When the perforation
tion thereto two successive perforatlons at the
at the X index point position is analyzed, the
l-9 index point positions. For example, “1" is
clutch pawl |01 is released and the zone selector
selected by perforations at the 9 and 8 index
disk inl will, therefore, be driven counterclock
point positions and also at the R position. The
wise and while the printing wheel 40 is still rotat 25 character “f” is selected by periorations at the
ing the latch arm 4B is moved to unlatching po
sition by means of the projection H2 of the zone
6 and 5 index point position as well as the R
index point position and since the previous de
scription involved the selection of the W char
selector disk IIB and from the timing diagram
it will be observed that by the sensing of the per
acter the performance of the machine for selec
i'oration at the X index point position at 189° the 30 tion of "w” will now be explained. When the 6
latch arm 4B will be rocked to unlatching po
perforation is ñrst encountered the clutch pawl
sition at 313° of the same machine cycle that the
card is analyzed. The bail 52 begins to move
1I is uniatched in the manner previously de
scribed, this being eii’ected by the energization of
counterclockwise at this point in the machine
the print control magnet 15 at the 6 index point
cycle so that at 3361/2“ of the machine cycle 35 position. This will initiate the counterclockwise
printing is eiïected from the printing wheel which
rotation of the disk 82 and when the successive
has rotated to an extent of 29 teeth from normal
index point position, namely “5” is correlated
to select the printing character and in the pres
with the analyzing brush the selector disk 82 has
ent example printing will be effected to print the
been rotated suiliciently counterclockwise so that
40 an extension 465 of the latch pawl 9| will be
capital letter “0.”
With this understanding of the operation of
beneath an extension |66 of the clutch release
the machine it will be evident that if the zone
arm 18. When the “5” perforation is analyzed
selecting perforation was at the "R” index point
at 81° in the machine cycle the print control
position the further continued rotation of the
magnet l5 for the order now being considered will
driving gear 53 will correlate the group of print 45 again be energized, causing the extension |66 in
ing characters A-I with the printing platen, the
cooperation with the extension IBS to rock pawl
particular character of this group which is to be
SII, thereby disengaging its hooked portion from
selected depending upon the index point analyzed
the extension |61 of the arcuate plate 8B. This
and the time of engagement of the clutch for 50 plate will now be moved by its connected spring
driving the disk 82. Under control of the R zone
92 to a position limited by the guide studs 88.
selecting perforation the zone selector disk iilil
Therefore, a relative movement is effected be
will be clutched for counterclockwise rotationv at
tween the disk B2 and the arcuate plate 90 which
207° of the machine cycle and from the timing
has the effect of causing the cam portion S3
diagram it will be observed that `the arm 4B is 55 to be effective to rock the latch arm 62 later
unlatched at 221/2" of the machine cycle subse
in the machine cycle than it would be had it
quent to that in which the card is analyzed.
not been unlatched. Therefore, in the example
for selecting “w", the latch arm 62 will not be
At this point in the machine cycle the bail 52 is
tripped at 227%“ as previously explained but at
given its counterclockwise rotation so as to effect
printing from the selected printing character at 60 231 V2" and at this time the clutch paw] 59 will
engage the notch 58 designated 6/5 which will
44° of the machine cycle subsequent to that in
select “w” on the printing wheel MI.
which the card is analyzed.
The operation of the machine as far as the
It will be observed that as far as the perform
control by the 0 perforation is concerned is pre
ance of the machine for printing capital letters
is concerned the different groups are selected by 65 cisely the same but it will be observed that in
the case now under consideration instead of
the presence of the R, X, and 0 periorations and
the character W being selected for printing the
that printing occurs at three different points in
gear 53 will not be rotated to as great an ex
the machine cycle and when printing oi' nu
tent, this diilerence being equivalent to the space
merals is considered, printing can be eifected at
four diiïerent times during the machine cycle. 70 between successive type of the printing wheel IB,
enabling the character "w" to be selected for
This is of particular advantage because of the
printing. This is readily evident because in the
reduction of load in the operating parts of the
previous example the gear 53 is rotated an extent
machine permissible over constructions where
of eleven teeth under control of the 6 perfora
printing is eiiected from all the printing wheels
at a single point in the machine cycle.
75 tion line whereas the supplementary perforation
8
9,388,423
5 changes the control so that the gear 53 is ro
tated only ten teeth and this rotation will cause
the selection oi' the character "w". The other
characters in lower case are selected in sub
stantially the same manner, it being observed
that for the selection of the type j, k, l-r the X
perforation is utilized, whereas for the selection
of the remaining type o! the alphabet, namely s,
t, u to z the 0 perforation is utilized in combina
tion with successive perforatlons at the numeral
index point positions. It should also be observed
that due to the inability of the machine to
utilize the zero perforation as a pilot hole and
also as one of the numeral index holes in the
tion, it will be understood that various omissions
and substitutions and changes in the form and
details of the device illustrated and in its oper
ation may be made by those skilled in the art
without departing from the spirit of the inven
tion. It is the intention therefore to be limited
only as indicated by the scope of the following
claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a machine of the class described con
trolled by cards bearing holes appearing singly
in a column. or bearing holes appearing in pairs
but always as adjacent holes between which no
other hole can appear, an operating means. a
movable member carrying a plurality of groups
of type, one group alternately arranged with re
portance because in the code of perforations se
spect to the other group, a clutch intermediate
lected all of the alphabet type, either capitals
said member and said operating means, means
or lower case, can be selected for printing opera-_
for analyzing the card holes, means controlled
tions, eliminating `the necessity oi' utilizing print 20 by
said analyzing means upon the analysis oi' the
ing characters which do not conform to the usual
ñrst hole for determining the time of engage
character formation as has been round neces
ment oi' said clutch and said operating means for
sary in previously designed alphabetic printing
predetermining the extent of movement oi’ said
mechanisms. In this respect it has been custom
member to select a type of one group, and fur
ary to utilize the character v for both u and v 25 ther means controlled by said analyzing means
character representation.
upon analysis of an adjacent hole, ii' it occurs,
for changing the `time of engagement of said
Address printing
clutch and said operating means for modifying
The function of the “0” notch in disk 1I (Fig.
the extent of movement of said member to select
combination 1_0, no character can be selected
by the combination l-0, 0. This is not of im
3) will now be explained.
When the machine 30 a type of the other group.
2. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a movable member carrying a
is plugged to plug socket |21 for alphabetic and
numeral printing, a hole at the “0" position alone
will cause printing from the “0” type. In print
plurality of groups of type, one group being a1
ing a street number such as “205” the “0” per
ternately arranged with respect to the other
foration will transmit an impulse at 171° to print 35 group, with type of the same character represen
control magnet 15 to release pawl 'i4 and at this
tation being adjacent to each other, an operating.
time the engaging end 13 of pawl T4 will rest on
means, a clutch operating means, means for an
the circular part of clutch disk ‘Il between the
alyzing the card holes in the order 9-0, a clutch
"1” and “0” notch and will ñnally enter the "0”
intermediate said operating means and said
notch about 202°. This delay in clutching disk 1i 40 clutch operating means, a supplemental clutch
to drive shaft 10 will enable a rotation of disk 82
intermediate said operating means and said mem
but not of an extent sui‘licient to cause the cam
ber, means controlled by said analyzing means
edge 93 to strike projection 94. However, disk
upon the analysis of the ñrst hole for engaging
I2 will be rotated sufllciently to allow bell crank
the first named clutch to cause the operation of
Iii to rock and close contacts |36 and these are
said clutch operating means whereby the latter
closed by 225°. A second impulse is now trans
engages said supplemental clutch for predeter
mitted at 225“ by the "0” printing circuit pre
mining the extent of movement of said member
viously described to the print control magnet 15
to select a type of one group, and further means
to cause the unlatching of the printing wheel 40
responsive to the analysis of the next hole, if it
in this order to cause printing of the “0”.
50 occurs, for modifying the time of operation of
said clutch operating means to engage said sup
Selection of special symbols
plemental clutch whereby the extent of movement
The selection of the symbols is effected by the
of said member is modified to select an adjacent
occurence of the perforations in pairs 9_8, 8_7,
type of the other group having the same char
7_6, 1_0, without other perforations, i. e., With
acter representation.
out an R, X. 0 perforation, as shown in the code
3. In a. card controlled machine, a member
0i' Fig. 1.
carrying a plurality of type comprising one group,
It will be observed from Fig. 3 that such sym
and a plurality of type of the second group al
bols are interspersed between the numeral type
ternately arranged with the type of the first
1-9 on the printing wheel. It will also be re 60
group, means for effecting a printing impression
called that the perforations 9-1 alone select the
from a selected type, means for moving said mem
related numeral type of the numeral group. With
ber,
means for analyzing the card holes in the
the understanding that the presence of an ad
order 9-0, means controlled by said analyzing
jacent perforation modifles the operation of the
means for predetermining the extent of move
type selecting mechanism to select an adjacent
ment effected to said member by said moving
type, it is clear that the special symbols will be
means to select upon the analysis of one oi' the
selected for printing. An “8” hole alone selects
holes 9-1 alone a type of the first named group,
the “8” type, but if a “7" hole follows the type
means responsive to the analysis of a Second hole
wheel 4I) will be rotated one type space less to
adjacent the iirst hole analyzed with the holes ap
select the "DR" symbol for printing. The same
pearing in combination as 9_8, 8_7 . . . 2_1,
principle of operation is involved for the selection
1_0 to change the movement of the member pre
of the other symbol type.
determined by the ñrst hole analyzed by the space
While there have been shown and described
between adjacent type to select a type of the
and pointed out the fundamental novel features
other group, and means initiated in operation by
of the invention as applied to a single modiñca 75 the analysis of a supplemental hole in the card
2,388,429
9
jacent the corresponding lower case alphabet
utilized when either type group is selected to e!
type, means for rotating said wheel, means for
iect an operation of the nrst named means to
eil’ecting an impression from a selected type on
take an impression from the selected type.
said wheel, means for analyzing the holes in the
4. In a printing machine, the combination of
order 1-9. 0, X and It, type group selecting means
a member carrying six groups oi' type, the type
controlled by said analyzing means for selecting
oi' one group being alternately arranged with the
by predetermined extents of rotation oi' said
type oi' another group, means lor effecting an
wheel and in accordance with the 0, X, R holes
impression from said type, means for analyzing
analyzed a group of alphabet capital type and a
the holes in the order 9-1, 0, X and R, type group
selecting means controlled by said analyzing l0 group of similar lower case alphabet type, type
selecting means controlled by said analyzing
means for selecting in accordance with the 0, X,
means for selecting a desired alphabet capital
R holes analyzed a group of type and a group
type of a selected group upon analysis of the 1-9
oi' alternately arranged type. type selecting means
holes, and a corresponding numeral type, fur
controlled by said analyzing means for selecting
ther means controlled by said analyzing means
in accordance with the ilrst hole 9-l analyzed
upon analyzing a hole adjacent the first hole
a type from one of the two selected groups, and
analyzed for controlling the operation of the
further means controlled by said analyzing means
type selecting means to select a lower case type
in accordance with the next adjacent hole an
for printing, means controlled by said analyzing
alyzed, i! it appears, for controlling the operation
oi' the type selecting means to select a. type from 20 means for effecting the operation of said impres
sion means at different times in the machine
the other of said selected groups.
operation in accordance with the 0, X, R holes
5. In a printing machine the combination of
analyzed, and means, separate from the last
a type wheel carrying six groups oi' type corn
named means, for causing in the absence of said
prising three groups of alphabet capital type and
three groups of lower case alphabet type, each 25 0, X, R holes an impression from the selected
numeral type.
of said capital alphabet type of each group being
8. In a record controlled printing machine
arranged adjacent the corresponding lower case
which is controlled by cards bearing holes at
alphabet type, means for rotating said wheel,
9_1, 0, X, R positions, a member carrying a
means for effecting an impression from a selected
type on said wheel, means for analyzing the holes 30 plurality of interspersed groups of alphabet type,
an electromagnet, means for eiïecting printing
in the order l-9, 0, X and R, type group select
impressions from said type, means for analyzing
ing means controlled by said analyzing means
a record to effect a double energization of said
for selecting in accordance with the 0, X, R
magnet when a hole 9_1 appears alone together
holes analyzed a group oi'. alphabet capital type
and a group of similar lower case alphabet type, 35 with an 0, X, R hole, and a triple energization
of said magnet when an 0, X, R hole appears
type selecting means controlled by said analyz
with a pair oi adjacent holes 9_1 such as 9_8,
ing means for selecting a desired alphabet capi
8_7, 7_6, etc., means for moving said member,
tal type upon analysis of the 1-9 holes, and fur
means controlled lby said analyzing means for
ther means controlled by said analyzing means
upon analyzing a hole following the first hole 40 causing said moving means in response to the
first energization of said electromagnet to initiate
analyzed for controlling the operation of the type
the movement of
a selected group,
of a second hole
6. In a printing machine the combination of
a type wheel carrying six groups of type com 46 adjacent type of
selecting means to select a lower case type for
printing.
said member to select a type of
and in response to the analysis
of the group 9_1 to select an
an interspersed group, if such
second hole appears, means for eil'ecting an
prising three groups of alphabet capital type
operative connection between said electromagnet
and three groups of lower case alphabet type,
type on said Wheel, means for analyzing the holes
and said impression eil'ecting means after the
analysis of the 9_1 holes, and means operative
in response to the second or third energization
of the electromagnet by the analysis of the 0, X
or R hole for causing the operation of the im
type wheel carrying seven groups of type com
prising, a group of numeral type, three groups
of alphabet capital type and three groups of
of said member to select a numeral type, or a
type of a selected alphabet group, and in re
sponse to the analysis of a second hole of the
each of said capital alphabet type of each group
being arranged adjacent the corresponding lower
case alphabet type, means for rotating said wheel,
means for eiïecting an impression from a selected
60
pression eiïecting meanswhen the selected type
in the order l-9, 0, X, and R, type group select
ing means controlled by said analyzing means 65 of the selected group is at the printing point.
9. In a record controlled printing machine
for selecting in accordance with the 0, X, R holes
which is controlled by cards bearing holes at
analyzed a group of alphabet capital type and a
9_1, 0, X, R positions, a member carrying a
group of similar lower case alphabet type, type
group of numeral type, and a plurality of inter
selecting means controlled by said analyzing
spersed groups of alphabet type, an electromag
means for selecting a desired alphabet capital
net, means for eiïecting printing impressions
60
type upon analysis of the 1_9 holes, further means
from said type, means for analyzing a record to
controlled by said analyzing means upon analyz
eiïect a double energizatìon of said magnet when
ing a hole following the first hole analyzed i'or
a hole 9_1 appears alone together with an 0,
controlling tlf-e operation of the type selecting
X, R hole, and a triple energization of said mag
means to select a lower case type for printing,
net when an 0, X, R hole appears with a pair of
and means controlled by said analyzing means
adjacent holes 9_1 such as 9_8, 8_7, 7_6, etc.,
to cause the operation of said impression effect
means for moving said member, means controlled
ing means at different times in the operation of
by said analyzing means for causing said mov
the machine determined by the analysis of the
ing means in response to _the ñrst energization
0, X. R holes to print from the desired type.
of said electromagnet to initiate the movement
’7. In a printing machine the combination of a
lower case alphabet type, each of said capital
alphabet type of each group being arranged ad
group 9_1 to select an adjacent alphabet type
of an interspersed group, ir such second hole ap
10
s,see,4as
pears. means for effecting en operative connec
tion between seid electromasnet and seid im
pression en‘ecting means after analyzing the
9_1 holes. means operative in response to the
second or third energizatlon of the electromag
net by the analysis o! the 0. X or R hole for
the operation of the impression eñ'ecting means
when the selected type of the selected alphabet
group is et the printing point. end Ineens sepe
rate from the lest named means end eñ'ective in
o the absence of en 0, X, R hole or e second hole
in the group 9-1 to energize said electromegnet
a second time to cause the operation of the im
pression eßecting means to print from e selected
numeral type,
HORACE S. BEA’I'I'JE.
CERTIFICATE 0F C ORRECTION.
Patent no. 2,586»,Li22.
October 9, 19Í-L5.
'HORACE S .
BEATTIE .
_It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requiring correctionele follows: Page 10, first
column, line 6, claim 9, after the words "hole for” insert --causing--g 4emi
that the seid Lettere Patent should be read with this correction therein
that the seme may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 1st day of January, A. D. 19146.
Leslìe Frazer
(Seal)
First Assistant Gcmmiseioner of Patents.
10
s,see,4as
pears. means for effecting en operative connec
tion between seid electromasnet and seid im
pression en‘ecting means after analyzing the
9_1 holes. means operative in response to the
second or third energizatlon of the electromag
net by the analysis o! the 0. X or R hole for
the operation of the impression eñ'ecting means
when the selected type of the selected alphabet
group is et the printing point. end Ineens sepe
rate from the lest named means end eñ'ective in
o the absence of en 0, X, R hole or e second hole
in the group 9-1 to energize said electromegnet
a second time to cause the operation of the im
pression eßecting means to print from e selected
numeral type,
HORACE S. BEA’I'I'JE.
CERTIFICATE 0F C ORRECTION.
Patent no. 2,586»,Li22.
October 9, 19Í-L5.
'HORACE S .
BEATTIE .
_It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification
of the above numbered patent requiring correctionele follows: Page 10, first
column, line 6, claim 9, after the words "hole for” insert --causing--g 4emi
that the seid Lettere Patent should be read with this correction therein
that the seme may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 1st day of January, A. D. 19146.
Leslìe Frazer
(Seal)
First Assistant Gcmmiseioner of Patents.
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