Патент USA US2392928код для вставки
Jan. 15, 194e. f R. »KRA‘SBERGÍ HAIR` CURLER Filed Aug. 25, 1944 ' 2,392,928 Patented Jan. 15, 1946 2,392,928 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ` 2,392,928` . CURLEE Application Rudolf Augusty Krasberg, 23, 1944», Chicago, Serialll‘rlo. 550,692 6 Claimsl >(CL12m-T34) The. `present invention relates to hair curlers and more particularly to an improved hair curler which will hold the curl from unwinding at any desiredl position on the strand of hair. Heretofore hair curlers of a type comprising a bar on which a curl. may be WoundV have been provided with a suitable gripping member and a pivotedv loop-shaped locking member for re straining uncurling of the strand of hair Wound on the bar. Such type of hair curler usually uses a hollow bar which may be perfor-ated and which has a spring biased gripping or clamping mem ber for engaging the end` of a strand of hair to bewound- upon the bar inthe form of a curl. A a portion of: the curler shown in Figure 1f, said section beingl taken longitudinally of the curler; Figure 3 is a side view with an> intermediate portion thereof broken away so as to. illustrate the structure at opposite ends of the hair cur-1er; Figure 4- is a cross sectional View through the hair curler at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof at a time when a strand of hairhas been formed on the curler and' tightened,y against the user’s scalp, the locking member serving at this 4time to restrainl theuncurling action ofthe eurle er; and` ' ’ Figure 5 is a cross sectionalk View of the curler similar to Figure 4., showing. the` locking member loop-shaped. locking member which is pivotally 15 released from the curl. so as to enable convem. connected to- the bar restrains the curling mo ient longitudinal withdrawal of the curler. tion but does not permit the> curl> to be wound Referring to the drawing therev is shown- intightly against the head of a person since in Figure 1Y a strand of hair Ill- wound` in the formy winding it is> not possible to judge With great ac of a curl la upon a- hair- curler having» a bar.> I4' curacy how many turns of the bar are required 20 anda cooperating clampingv or gripping mem-,_ to form a. curl. Obviously av ñxed locking or re ber I6; A loop-shaped locking member I8> is po straining member therefor may be a fraction of sitioned so as to restrain the uncurling action of a turn removed from a most desirable ‘restrain ing position. Other types of hair curlers have the curl I2. ' - ~ The details of the arrangementgenerally shown-x been provided' with a hair pin like member in 25 in Figure-1` will become apparent from Figures 2f serted in the hollow bar, but such device is par and 3 from which it will be» seen that preferably> ticularly disadvantageous when the hollow bar the bar I4 is of the hollow perforated type, in` isof'the perforated type since it is diliicult to in-? which case» the gripping member IEìm-ay-also >be sert the hair pin like locking member into the perforated. The gripping member I6:> mayv be bar since the perforated interior of the bar does spring biased byra» suitable spring» Zû'interposed‘. not readily permit the placement of the wire between a linger oper-ating portion 2'2 ofthe grip member in the most> desired restraining position. ping member IB andthe body of the bar` I4. One In` accordance with the present invention the end of the spring member 20 may be retained-in above mentioned disadvantages are overcome byy posit-ion byengagement with an up-structure por~ providing a hair curler of the type having a bar tion` 24 of the bar I t or some other simi-lar re and> a clamping or gripping member with a re straining arrangement which ofcourse will> be straining member which is resiliently retained in apparent» to those skilled'in the art. The grip thedesired- position so as to have adequate in ping member` I6 isA pivotally secured-_to the» body herent rotation resisting action relative to the l2~ by a suitable rivet member 26. The end olf; bar. 40 the bar I d» extendsv an appreciable distance b_e It,Y therefore* is an object of the present in yondjthe end of the linger portion I2-of the grip vention to provide an improved hair curler with ping' member I6 so as to providesuflicien-t length» a» restraining or locking member which obviates for supporting a frictionally retained rotatable cer-tain` disadvantages. ofthe devices-of the prior sleeve mounting member 23 whichV is provided` art; 45 with suitable-projectingportions 30 for pivotally Othery andl further objects of the present in supporting the restraining or locking member- I8; vention.> subsequently will become apparent by reference tothe following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein: Figure 1 is a perspective view of ahair curler»> embed-ying the present invention asappliedv to a s_tnrarnìgl oli-¿hair wound in the form ofA a` curl on thecurler; ` - nliligure lis-„an enlarged: cross sectional view-o1BHL The sleeve 2_8' may have provided-at the interior thereof an annular-'recess 3_2 which is- engaged-by a portion of a spring 311|,V mounted> Within the eX tension portion of the bar I4; One end ofthei resilient member 34 engages the inner surface of the bar I4 and the other end'thereofv projects~L through an aperture 36 so that the end> ofthe springv mayY engage the annular recess 321701? the 55 ~supporting collar or sleeve 28. The spring 34 1 2 2,892,928 ' 'f ‘ " f member having a iinger piece and cooperating therefore serves to frictionally retain in position the sleeve 28 although by the application of suf therewith for securing a strand of hair thereon, a wire loop locking member extending the length of said body, a support member rotatably mounted on said body adjacent said finger piece for said ficient force the sleeve 28 may be rotated so as to position the locking member I8 at any desired angular position relative to the bar I4. The lock ing member I8 at a short distance beyond the pivotal connection with the extensions 30 of the sleeve 28 is provided with inwardly curved por tions 38 adapted to engage. oppositely arranged gripping member for pivotally supporting said locking member, said support member having detent portions arranged for engagement by said locking member to retain said locking member tive rotation between the tube or bar I4 and the mounted on the extension portion of said hol spring 34 with the sleeve 28 is suiiicient to pre vent inadvertent or unauthorized uncurling of the locking member in locking position so as to over lie the strand of hair wound on said hollow bar. and resilient means interconnecting said hollow in ga position p, to maintain a strand vvofV hair in recesses. or slots 40 formed in the sleeve 28 for re wound condition, and resilient vbiasing means taining the locking member I8 in thejlocking po-’ interconnecting said support member and said sition shown in Figures l and 2. body to permit forcible rotation of said support During the time when the strand of hair IG member and to restrain free movement of said is being wound into the form of a curl I2 on the bar I4 the locking member I8 is in its looked 15 support member and said locking member. . 2. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon position as shown in Figure 2. In this position which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping the locking member I8 is prevented from rotating means for securing the end of said strand to said with the bar I4 by the fingers of the operator’s bar, a locking member adapted to maintain the hand. In other words, while the operator turns strand in wound condition, said locking member a ilnger grip cap 42 which is secured to one end being carried by a support member, said support of the bar I4 the Vother hand holds the locking member being carried by said hollow bar for rela member I8 against rotation. During this opera tive rotation with respect thereto, and a resilient tion the curl is wound around the bar I4 and the biasing spring interposed between said bar and gripping member I6, as illustrated in Figure 4. Due to the fact that the bar or tube I4 is adapted 25 said support member in fixed position relative to said bar to resist rotation of said locking member to be rotated relatively to the locking member or relative to said bar. bale I8 the user may tighten the curl against the 3. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon scalp to any desired degree. Once the curl has which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping been tightened in the positionshown in Figure 4 it will retain that position and be prevented from 30 means for securing the end of said strand to the bar, said hollow bar extending axially beyond said uncurling by reason of the bale or locking mem gripping means, a support member rotatably ber I8.- It should be understood that while rela lowbar, a pivoted loop-shaped locking member baleV I8 takes place during the initial'tightening of the curl, such rotation is continuously counter 35 mounted on said support member, said support member being provided with means for cooperat acted by the action of the spring 34 engaging the ing with said looking member to retain said sleeve 28. This irictional engagement of the strand after it has been tightened against the user’s scalp in the position illustrated in Figure 4. Thus during the time that the curl is drying and being set it is. prevented from uncurling and loosening by the action of the resilient member or spring 34 upon the sleeve 28. The user’s scalp isindicated by dot and dash lines in Figures 4 and 5. bar and said support member for resisting rota tion of said support member and locking mem ber relative tosaid bar. - When it isdesired to release the curler it is only' necessary to pivot the locking member or bale I8 away from the curl to the dotted position illustrated in Figure l, thereby releasing the strand. In yFigure 5 the curl is shown released from the bale I8 in position to permit longitudinal withdrawal of the‘curler. While in the disclosed ~ embodiment the strandV gripping member IG is formed with a `finger operating portion 22 which is biased by the spring 20, it should be understood that in some instances this structure may be elim inated. -Under such circumstances the weight of the gripping member IG is suñ‘icientto effect the 80, initial gripping of the strancL-and the longitu ‘ dinal withdrawal of the curler from the ñnished ' ` 4. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon 45 which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping means for securing said strand to said bar, said hollow bar extending axially beyond said grip ping means, a support sleeve rotatably mounted on said end of said hollow bar, said support sleeve having formed therein an annular groove, re silient spring means “mounted within said hollow bar' and extending through an aperture therein into engagement with the annular groove of said support sleeve, a pivoted locking member mounted on said support sleeve and arranged to maintain the strand of hair in wound condition on said hollow bar, said support sleeve and said locking member being provided with cooperating portions for resiliently retaining said locking member in one position. 5. A hair curler comprising a hollow perforated bar on which a strand of hair may be wound, a generally semi-cylindrical pivotedV gripping curl may be occasioned without the necessity of means adapted to overlie the substantial portion manually releasing the gripping member. In other words, the use of a spring biased or freely 65 of said bar to secure an end of a strand of hair thereto, said gripping means being provided with pivoted grippingmember is optional. a ringer operating portion, said hollow bar extend While for the purpose of illustration and de ing beyondthe Vringer operating portion of said scription a certain preferred embodiment of the grippingV means, a support sleeve rotatably present invention has been shown, it is to »be un derstood that the invention is not to be limited 70 mountedl on said portion of said hollow'bar ex tending beyond said iinger operating means, re thereby since obviously such variations may `be silient means interposed between said bar and said made as are commensurate with the scope of the hollow support sleeve to resist rotationv of said invention as deñned in the appended claima» This invention is hereby claimedas follows? sleeve relative to said bar, a loop-shaped locking 1,. >A hair curler having a body and a gripping V75 member >adapted to overlie the length of said â,392,928 3 hollow bar in spaced relation thereto to maintain aperture in said hollow bar adjacent said end for a strand of hair in wound condition, said locking cooperation with the annular groove of said sup member being pivotally mounted on said support port sleeve, resilient spring means mounted sleeve, said support sleeve being provided with within said hollow bar and extending through opposite recess portions, and said locking mem Gl said aperture into engagement with the annular ber being provided with portions for engagement groove of said support sleeve, a loop shaped lock with said recesses to tend to maintain said lock ing member in overlying position relative to said hollow bar. ing member adapted to overlie the length of said . hollow bar in spaced relation thereto to main tain a strand of hair in wound condition, said 6. A hair curler comprising a hollow perforated 10 locking member being pivotally mounted on said bar upon which a strand of hair may be wound, support sleeve, said support sleeve being provided gripping means for securing said strand to said with opposite recessed portions, said locking bar, said hollow bar extending axially beyond said gripping means, a support sleeve rotatably mounted on said end of said hollow bar, said support sleeve being formed with an annular boss to provide an internal annular groove, an member being provided with portions for en gagement with said recesed portions to tend to maintain said locking member in overlying posi tion relative to said hollow bar. RUDOLF KRASBERG.