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Патент USA US2392928

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Jan. 15, 194e.
Filed Aug. 25, 1944
Patented Jan. 15, 1946
23, 1944»,
Serialll‘rlo. 550,692
6 Claimsl >(CL12m-T34)
The. `present invention relates to hair curlers
and more particularly to an improved hair curler
which will hold the curl from unwinding at any
desiredl position on the strand of hair.
Heretofore hair curlers of a type comprising a
bar on which a curl. may be WoundV have been
provided with a suitable gripping member and a
pivotedv loop-shaped locking member for re
straining uncurling of the strand of hair Wound
on the bar. Such type of hair curler usually uses
a hollow bar which may be perfor-ated and which
has a spring biased gripping or clamping mem
ber for engaging the end` of a strand of hair to
bewound- upon the bar inthe form of a curl. A
a portion of: the curler shown in Figure 1f, said
section beingl taken longitudinally of the curler;
Figure 3 is a side view with an> intermediate
portion thereof broken away so as to. illustrate
the structure at opposite ends of the hair cur-1er;
Figure 4- is a cross sectional View through the
hair curler at right angles to the longitudinal axis
thereof at a time when a strand of hairhas been
formed on the curler and' tightened,y against the
user’s scalp, the locking member serving at this
4time to restrainl theuncurling action ofthe eurle
er; and`
Figure 5 is a cross sectionalk View of the curler
similar to Figure 4., showing. the` locking member
loop-shaped. locking member which is pivotally 15 released from the curl. so as to enable convem.
connected to- the bar restrains the curling mo
ient longitudinal withdrawal of the curler.
tion but does not permit the> curl> to be wound
Referring to the drawing therev is shown- intightly against the head of a person since in
Figure 1Y a strand of hair Ill- wound` in the formy
winding it is> not possible to judge With great ac
of a curl la upon a- hair- curler having» a bar.> I4'
curacy how many turns of the bar are required 20 anda cooperating clampingv or gripping mem-,_
to form a. curl. Obviously av ñxed locking or re
ber I6; A loop-shaped locking member I8> is po
straining member therefor may be a fraction of
sitioned so as to restrain the uncurling action of
a turn removed from a most desirable ‘restrain
ing position.
Other types of hair curlers have
the curl I2.
The details of the arrangementgenerally shown-x
been provided' with a hair pin like member in 25 in Figure-1` will become apparent from Figures 2f
serted in the hollow bar, but such device is par
and 3 from which it will be» seen that preferably>
ticularly disadvantageous when the hollow bar
the bar I4 is of the hollow perforated type, in`
isof'the perforated type since it is diliicult to in-?
which case» the gripping member IEìm-ay-also >be
sert the hair pin like locking member into the
perforated. The gripping member I6:> mayv be
bar since the perforated interior of the bar does
spring biased byra» suitable spring» Zû'interposed‘.
not readily permit the placement of the wire
between a linger oper-ating portion 2'2 ofthe grip
member in the most> desired restraining position.
ping member IB andthe body of the bar` I4. One
In` accordance with the present invention the
end of the spring member 20 may be retained-in
above mentioned disadvantages are overcome byy
posit-ion byengagement with an up-structure por~
providing a hair curler of the type having a bar
tion` 24 of the bar I t or some other simi-lar re
and> a clamping or gripping member with a re
straining arrangement which ofcourse will> be
straining member which is resiliently retained in
apparent» to those skilled'in the art. The grip
thedesired- position so as to have adequate in
ping member` I6 isA pivotally secured-_to the» body
herent rotation resisting action relative to the
l2~ by a suitable rivet member 26. The end olf;
40 the bar I d» extendsv an appreciable distance b_e
It,Y therefore* is an object of the present in
yondjthe end of the linger portion I2-of the grip
vention to provide an improved hair curler with
ping' member I6 so as to providesuflicien-t length»
a» restraining or locking member which obviates
for supporting a frictionally retained rotatable
cer-tain` disadvantages. ofthe devices-of the prior
sleeve mounting member 23 whichV is provided`
45 with suitable-projectingportions 30 for pivotally
Othery andl further objects of the present in
supporting the restraining or locking member- I8;
vention.> subsequently will become apparent by
reference tothe following description taken in
connection with the accompanying drawing
Figure 1 is a perspective view of ahair curler»>
embed-ying the present invention asappliedv to a
s_tnrarnìgl oli-¿hair wound in the form ofA a` curl on
nliligure lis-„an enlarged: cross sectional view-o1BHL
The sleeve 2_8' may have provided-at the interior
thereof an annular-'recess 3_2 which is- engaged-by
a portion of a spring 311|,V mounted> Within the eX
tension portion of the bar I4; One end ofthei
resilient member 34 engages the inner surface
of the bar I4 and the other end'thereofv projects~L
through an aperture 36 so that the end> ofthe
springv mayY engage the annular recess 321701? the
55 ~supporting collar or sleeve 28. The spring 34
member having a iinger piece and cooperating
therefore serves to frictionally retain in position
the sleeve 28 although by the application of suf
therewith for securing a strand of hair thereon,
a wire loop locking member extending the length
of said body, a support member rotatably mounted
on said body adjacent said finger piece for said
ficient force the sleeve 28 may be rotated so as to
position the locking member I8 at any desired
angular position relative to the bar I4. The lock
ing member I8 at a short distance beyond the
pivotal connection with the extensions 30 of the
sleeve 28 is provided with inwardly curved por
tions 38 adapted to engage. oppositely arranged
gripping member for pivotally supporting said
locking member, said support member having
detent portions arranged for engagement by said
locking member to retain said locking member
tive rotation between the tube or bar I4 and the
mounted on the extension portion of said hol
spring 34 with the sleeve 28 is suiiicient to pre
vent inadvertent or unauthorized uncurling of the
locking member in locking position so as to over
lie the strand of hair wound on said hollow bar.
and resilient means interconnecting said hollow
in ga position p, to maintain a strand vvofV hair in
recesses. or slots 40 formed in the sleeve 28 for re
wound condition, and resilient vbiasing means
taining the locking member I8 in thejlocking po-’
interconnecting said support member and said
sition shown in Figures l and 2.
body to permit forcible rotation of said support
During the time when the strand of hair IG
member and to restrain free movement of said
is being wound into the form of a curl I2 on the
bar I4 the locking member I8 is in its looked 15 support member and said locking member.
. 2. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon
position as shown in Figure 2. In this position
which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping
the locking member I8 is prevented from rotating
means for securing the end of said strand to said
with the bar I4 by the fingers of the operator’s
bar, a locking member adapted to maintain the
hand. In other words, while the operator turns
strand in wound condition, said locking member
a ilnger grip cap 42 which is secured to one end
being carried by a support member, said support
of the bar I4 the Vother hand holds the locking
member being carried by said hollow bar for rela
member I8 against rotation. During this opera
tive rotation with respect thereto, and a resilient
tion the curl is wound around the bar I4 and the
biasing spring interposed between said bar and
gripping member I6, as illustrated in Figure 4.
Due to the fact that the bar or tube I4 is adapted 25 said support member in fixed position relative to
said bar to resist rotation of said locking member
to be rotated relatively to the locking member or
relative to said bar.
bale I8 the user may tighten the curl against the
3. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon
scalp to any desired degree. Once the curl has
which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping
been tightened in the positionshown in Figure 4
it will retain that position and be prevented from 30 means for securing the end of said strand to the
bar, said hollow bar extending axially beyond said
uncurling by reason of the bale or locking mem
gripping means, a support member rotatably
ber I8.- It should be understood that while rela
lowbar, a pivoted loop-shaped locking member
baleV I8 takes place during the initial'tightening
of the curl, such rotation is continuously counter 35 mounted on said support member, said support
member being provided with means for cooperat
acted by the action of the spring 34 engaging the
ing with said looking member to retain said
sleeve 28. This irictional engagement of the
strand after it has been tightened against the
user’s scalp in the position illustrated in Figure 4.
Thus during the time that the curl is drying and
being set it is. prevented from uncurling and
loosening by the action of the resilient member
or spring 34 upon the sleeve 28. The user’s scalp
isindicated by dot and dash lines in Figures 4
and 5.
bar and said support member for resisting rota
tion of said support member and locking mem
ber relative tosaid bar.
When it isdesired to release the curler it is
only' necessary to pivot the locking member or
bale I8 away from the curl to the dotted position
illustrated in Figure l, thereby releasing the
strand. In yFigure 5 the curl is shown released
from the bale I8 in position to permit longitudinal
withdrawal of the‘curler. While in the disclosed ~
embodiment the strandV gripping member IG is
formed with a `finger operating portion 22 which
is biased by the spring 20, it should be understood
that in some instances this structure may be elim
inated. -Under such circumstances the weight of
the gripping member IG is suñ‘icientto effect the 80,
initial gripping of the strancL-and the longitu
‘ dinal withdrawal of the curler from the ñnished
4. A hair curler comprising a hollow bar upon
45 which a strand of hair may be wound, gripping
means for securing said strand to said bar, said
hollow bar extending axially beyond said grip
ping means, a support sleeve rotatably mounted
on said end of said hollow bar, said support sleeve
having formed therein an annular groove, re
silient spring means “mounted within said hollow
bar' and extending through an aperture therein
into engagement with the annular groove of said
support sleeve, a pivoted locking member mounted
on said support sleeve and arranged to maintain
the strand of hair in wound condition on said
hollow bar, said support sleeve and said locking
member being provided with cooperating portions
for resiliently retaining said locking member in
one position.
5. A hair curler comprising a hollow perforated
bar on which a strand of hair may be wound,
a generally semi-cylindrical pivotedV gripping
curl may be occasioned without the necessity of
means adapted to overlie the substantial portion
manually releasing the gripping member. In
other words, the use of a spring biased or freely 65 of said bar to secure an end of a strand of hair
thereto, said gripping means being provided with
pivoted grippingmember is optional.
a ringer operating portion, said hollow bar extend
While for the purpose of illustration and de
ing beyondthe Vringer operating portion of said
scription a certain preferred embodiment of the
grippingV means, a support sleeve rotatably
present invention has been shown, it is to »be un
derstood that the invention is not to be limited 70 mountedl on said portion of said hollow'bar ex
tending beyond said iinger operating means, re
thereby since obviously such variations may `be
silient means interposed between said bar and said
made as are commensurate with the scope of the
hollow support sleeve to resist rotationv of said
invention as deñned in the appended claima»
This invention is hereby claimedas follows?
sleeve relative to said bar, a loop-shaped locking
1,. >A hair curler having a body and a gripping V75 member >adapted to overlie the length of said
hollow bar in spaced relation thereto to maintain
aperture in said hollow bar adjacent said end for
a strand of hair in wound condition, said locking
cooperation with the annular groove of said sup
member being pivotally mounted on said support
port sleeve, resilient spring means mounted
sleeve, said support sleeve being provided with
within said hollow bar and extending through
opposite recess portions, and said locking mem Gl said aperture into engagement with the annular
ber being provided with portions for engagement
groove of said support sleeve, a loop shaped lock
with said recesses to tend to maintain said lock
ing member in overlying position relative to said
hollow bar.
ing member adapted to overlie the length of said .
hollow bar in spaced relation thereto to main
tain a strand of hair in wound condition, said
6. A hair curler comprising a hollow perforated 10 locking member being pivotally mounted on said
bar upon which a strand of hair may be wound,
support sleeve, said support sleeve being provided
gripping means for securing said strand to said
with opposite recessed portions, said locking
bar, said hollow bar extending axially beyond
said gripping means, a support sleeve rotatably
mounted on said end of said hollow bar, said
support sleeve being formed with an annular
boss to provide an internal annular groove, an
member being provided with portions for en
gagement with said recesed portions to tend to
maintain said locking member in overlying posi
tion relative to said hollow bar.
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