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Патент USA US2400323

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May 14, 1946.
Filed Jan. 11, 1944-
12 Sheets-Sheet l>
May' 14, 1946.
A. E. w|Ns|_ow`
2,400,323 '
Filed Jan. 11, 1944
12 Sheets-Sheet 2
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May 14, 1946.
A. E. wlNsLow
_Filed Jan. 11, .1944
12 sheets-'sheet s
May 14, 1946.
A. E. w|Ns|_ow- `
WIRE STRANDING MA'[email protected]`
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Filed Jan.` l1. 1.944
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12 Sheets-Sheet 5
May 14, 194_6~
A. E_‘wlNnsLow ‘
Filed Jam 11,-1944
12 sheets-sheet e
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May 14,A 1946.
A. E. wlNsL'ow
Filed Jan. 11, 1944
12 Sheets-Sheet 7
May 14, 194.6.
A. E. wlNsLow
Filed Jän. A11,'1944
12 sneetsèsheet s
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l May 1-4, 1946.
Filed Jan. 11, 1944
, 12 sneèts-sheet 1o
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May »14, 194.6.
F11ed Jan. 11, 1944
12 sheets-sheet 11
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_ BWM“,’5%
[email protected]
vMay -14, 1946.
A.. E. w|N~sLòw -
_Filed Jan. 11, 1944
[email protected] _-130k__19:26
12 Sheets-Sheet l2
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„PWS _
Patented May-1,4,
ï 2,400,323v ,
yUNITED s'rAras PATENT oFFlci:
mesne assignments, to Fmi-Birmingham
Company, Incorporated, Ansonia, Conn., a cor
poration of Connecticut
Application January 11, 1944, semi Nò._ 517,859 ~
17 Claims.
rIfhis invention relates to a machine for strand
(ci. 57-34)
.lower part of the casing removed for viewing the
ing wire and more particularlyv to light-weight
wire or wire of a relatively small diameter.
. Fist 2 illustrates in elevation the creelf'and
Heretofore wire stranding has usually been ac-` ' rotary disc 4in relation thereto and in section a.
complished in machines >capable of handling rela
tively heavy wire. Such large machines are cum
bersome and operate at a slow speed and al
though designed for handling heavy wire are
usually also used for light- wire. Although light
wire cable. may' be made upon >this type of ma
part of' the supporting mechanism with Darts
of the creel, and the leading of the_various strands v
through the spindle, also showing the other _parts
which operate upon the cable after the same is
chine I have found that such a cable can be l
made much-more eiilcientl'y upon a lighter faster »
running machine.
One oi’ the objects of this invention is to pro
vide a lighter weight faster operating machine
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view partly in section
Fig. 4 is a sectional view on substantially line
' _ which will handle relatively light weight strand
Fig. 5 isa fragmental view of the lower portion
of the creel illustrating the brake for frictioning
each of the supply packages;
' F18’. 6 is a sectional view of the spindle illus
wires to lay them in cable formation.
- Another object of this invention is to provide
‘ trating the mounting of the creel and the guide
for the even and uniform laying of the strands
through which the various strands oi’ wire ex
of wire into a cable formation that an improved 20 tend to be laid;
cable may be provided.
Fig. 'l is a section on line 1-7 oi Fig. 6;
Another object of _this invention is to provide -
stress free cable by so forming the individual »
wire strands that they do nottend to' fly open or
spread apart if the cable is severed.
'Another object oi' this invention is to provide
an arrangement whereby abroken end maybe.
. easily retrieved for re-threading of this end
should the end break.
Fig. 8 is a section on line 8_8 of Fig. 6;
Fie'. 9 is a sectional view illustrating the drive
of the main spindle from a motor and certain
other drives related theretov for various mecha
nism of the machine;
Fig. 10 is a. top plan'view of the false twister
mechanism and showing fragmentally the drive
Another object of this invention is to put in 30 Fig. 11 is' a sectional view taken 'substantially
two- twists for each single revolution of the means
von line II-Il 'of Fig. 10;`
for guiding and twisting the wire.
Another object of this invention is to provide
F18’. 12 is a sectional'view taken on substan
tially line l'2-l2 of Fig. 10;
a cable which will be straightened and will have
any kinks therein taken out as it passes through
the machine.
Fig. 13 is a fragmental view illustrating the ar
rangement of the cable from the hauler'tc the
reeling mechanism and certain of the drive mech
Another object of the invention‘is to provide a
' machine whereby the pulling stress of drawing
the wire through the iiexing mechanism may be
anism for the reeling mechanism;
Fig. 14 is a plan view looking down on the
traverse which is associated with _the reeling
provided for while permitting relaxing _of the
tension on the wire cable in the reeling thereof.
Another object of this invention is to provide
Fig. 15 is a. view taken- on substantially line
|5--Il ofFiE. 14;
' an arrangement whereby the wireV may be meas- ,
ured as it is formed.
Fig. 1-6 is an elevation of the traverse mecha
` nism shown in Fig. 14;
A still further object of this invention is to 45 F1917 is a sectional view taken substantially _
provide an arrangement iol-_quickly stopping the
on line I'l-I'I of Fig. 16;l
machine either upon a predetermined length hav-l `
Fig. 18_ is a‘ fragmental view illustrating the
ing been provided and reeled or upon-the break
change gear drive relationship of the lower por
ing ‘of one of the individual strands prior to its
tion of Fig. 9;
being laid.
With -these and other objects in view, the in
vention consists of certain -novel features of con
struction, as will be more fully described and par
Figs. 20 to 24 are sectional details for the con
veying of current in connection with the» stop
ticularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompamfing drawings:
Fig. 19 >is a plan view of the mechanism shown"
in Fig. 18;
Flg.'1' is` an elevation ofthe machine with the
Fig. 25 is a diagrammatic view of the counter;
Fig. 26 is a wiring diagram showing the starting
therefrom. An arcuate brake shoe 54 (see Fig.
and stopping oi the motor for driving the mech
5i is provided as at 56 while a threaded pin ‘5l is
engaged by a spring 58 to draw the brake shoe
In proceeding with this invention I arrange
that the supply packages will vnot rotate or revolve
against the brake drum 52.
Adjustment of the ,
spring tension may be provided by disengaging the
about the center of the formed cable. Each sup
I spring and threaded pin 5l and relocating the pin
in the brake shoe. The wing nut 5% on the upper
end of the package spindle will retain the spool
in position. I have illustrated six of these pack
_ ply package does rotate about its own axis as wire
Supply packages are .
is drawnl therefrom.
mounted on a creel and the wire is drawn from `
the several packages through a hollow spindle
age spindles equally spaced about the creel, which
where the wire is laid in helical form and at the 10 assist in the ,formation of uniform cable ‘by the
same time twisted. I provide that a double twist
laying of the various strands thereof. The num
will be placed in the cable of the several strands '
y ber of packages _may of course be varied.
of wire by leading the several strands back upon
themselves and revolving theradially extending
A guide post 65 is located adjacent each sup
ply package radially between'the supply package
portions oi the cable as it extends outwardly from »
spindle and the central axis of the creel. A suit
able number of these posts (see Figs. 2 and 3) ex
tend upwardly from the main deck of the creel ¿i2
to support a raised deck bi for the support of a
package et of wire. having the same spool and
the hollow center, shaft, or spindle. In order to
economize space l lead the .laid cable upwardly i
and then downwardly and package the cabie
beneath the laying mechanism. Prior to packag
ing however l twist the cable up still more tightly
to set the helical lay already put in while relan
ing the cable after so twisted as it passes through
a false twisting mechanism. The cable may then
be caused to travel through a straightener to take
brake mechanism as heretofore mentioned in con»
nection with the spools on _the main deck. Out
.wardly of each supply package there is provided a
pair 'of drums §66 and 61 (see Fig. 5) with e guide
pulley S8. adjacent the drum 66 and a guide pulley A
out any kinks and is pulled through the various 25 ce adjacent the drum 6l. The wire ‘lil as itis lead
processing mechanisms by a hauling device which
from the supply package (see Fig. e) extends
permitsv of heavy tension being placed upon the
about'the guide post 65, then about the guide
cable to draw it through the various processing
pulley 6d, then several times about the drum [email protected]
parts but a relaxation of the cable on the other
and el, and thence upwardly over the guide pulley
side of the hauler so that it may be reeled under 30 «59, and-then through a guide into and' down the
a considerably relaxed tension. The reeling
center of the hollow spindle. By reason of this
mechanism is performed by a surface drive and
is traversed while at the same time> a counter is
long extent of traverse of the wire between its .
leaving the supply package and entering the hol
provided that the amount oí formed cable may
be known.
The various parts of the machine as indicated in
processing of the wire for the advantageous re
maneuverability is difficult. Drums as'iust de-'
scribed are arranged for each of the packages, in~
cluding the package on the upper deck e2 and
sults performed. vStop mechanism is also pro
vided to quickly stop the machine should one` of
the strands break prior to being laid. .The vari
ous parts of the machine wiilbe taken up and de
Supply creel
simple matter to locate the broken end and piece
the same up without the necessity of ñshing a lost
end of the wire through the hollow spindle where l
the above general description each enter into the
_ scribed in more detail under their various head
low spindle, should a break occur, it will be a very
guide pulleys which lead therefrom except that
pulleys 69’ and 69” are substituted for pulley 59
in the delivery of the wire from the drums of the
upper deck. The strand designated 'H leads from
45 the'supply package on the upper deck, and serves
With reference to the drawings the stationary
frame of the machine is designated 25 (see Figs.
3 and 6) in which there is mounted a rotating
- spindle 2S supported by means of the ball bearing
as the core for the cable, the other strands being
laidabout it.
The drums and pulleys just described are
mounted upon a bracket 13 (see Fig. 5) which is
2i. A collar 2e (see Fig. 3) having, a plate 29 50 secured to the deck l2 and which bracket pro
secured thereto at the lower side A_and a disc Sli
vides upstanding ears 14 with openings 'lo for
secured thereto at the upper side is mounted
shafts to rotatably support the drums et and El.
upon the spindle on .shoulders 3l and 32 to ro
while an upstanding ear 'I6 is provided having
tate with the spindle. A recess 33 is formed in
an opening 11 for the support of guide pulleys
the collar 2e to receive a pulley 3€, journaled upon
68 and 69. This bracket also forms an anchor
a shaft 3E', which pulley has its periphery tangent
as at 18 for one endk 15 of the spring 58.. These
to the hollow bore 3e of the'spindle to provide a
brackets are interposed between the supply pack- .
lead for the cable out of the spindle. A bushing
ages on the deck .t2 for the guiding of the strand
' el (see Fig. 6) is rotatably mounted by means of
ball bearings 38 and 159 resting upon shoulders titi 60
and di of the spindle and carries the creel sup~
porting deck d2 which is fixed to the bushing and
At the center of the creel 42 there is a guide
' au (see sie. e) which consists of a body ci re
cessed as at B2 to receive guide pulleys ed which
rest thereon. This is termed the main deck. The
are each mounted to rotate on c, shaft @il located
ball bearing 38 is held in the bushing by means
in the outwardly extending bosses se (see Fig.
of a plate dil', hanged as at 43, which ñts into e. 65 '7) of the body. There is one of these guide pui-. ’
recess ¿iii in a plate l¿i5 secured by bolt 46 ~to the
leys o3 for each supply package on the deck e2,
lower end of the bushing 3l’. The bushing @l is
there being six in number in the illustration here
provided with V belt grooves All and £8 for pur
in which are spaced apart equally angularly
poses which will hereinafter appear.
about the body ofthe guide 8B. This guide is
Equally spaced about the axis of the creel I have 70 supported upon the creel 62 by its base 3€ and
provided upstanding package spindles 56 (see
Figs. 3 >and, 5) upon which a spool El having; a
brake drum b2 and containing a package of wire
. bolts lil (see Fig. 6) passing therethrough while
it has a hollow standard 88 having a bore $9,
through which the strands are passed. A center
guide designated 90 is grooved as at 9| (see Fig.
52 may rotate to permit the wire 53 to be drawn 75
53 is provided. This spool with its brake -drum
8) into which each of the various strandspass
to be guided just prior to their being laid about
the center strand 1| which passes down through
the opening 92 in this center guide and about
which the various equally spaced strands Vin the
able top> or cover |29 is provided over this casing
as a part thereof which _is removable.
False twister
As shown in- Figure 3 a bracket .|30 is fixed to
the structure 26 and containing a cylindrical por
.tionl |3.| with ball bearings |32 and |33 mounted*v ' either end thereof to rotatably support the
36 of the spindle. The helical strands being laid- ' shaft |34 providing a substantial bearing thereabout the center strands at ,this tip 95.
10 for. This shaft is >hollow or provided with a cen-`
tral bore |35 for the passage lof the cable there-v
At one point in the periphery of the disc 30
through. On the upper end of this shaft there
(see Figs. 2 and 3) the slot I00is provided for
the mounting of the guide pulley IOI rotatably
is mounted a cap |36 having a pulley |31 with
guide 9_I are helically wound. 'I'he center guide
90 is pointed at its vlower end 94 with a lgroove
tip 95 for directing the various strands into bore
a V groove |38 therein, while on the upper end _
upon a shaft |02. 'I'he cable |03 extends down
'over the pulley 34, thence out over the pulley |0I 15 of this cap there are provided supports |33 and
|40 for the drums I 4I and |42 about which the
and upwardly as at |04 to extend over pulley |05
(see Fig. 1) at the upper center of the machine ,
and thence downwardly at |06 over a fixed pulley
' cable maybe wound in the form of a, figure eight
a sufficient number of times to obtain the desired
.' grip thereon for rotationof the cable, after which
'I'he disc 30 rotates with the spindle 26 as above 20 the cable is lead downwardly through the bore
|35 to a means forperforming the next opera.
indicated as vdoes also the plate 29. Shafts | I0>
tion thereon. The pulley I 31 is revolved so as
and I I | (see Fig. 3) are rotatably mounted in the
to place additional twists in the cable. The rota
plate 29 and disc 30 at points equally distant from
tion'will be such as to put about one or two turns
the center axis thereof._ A bushing II2 is mount->
ed in thecasing 25 and is provided with V grooves 25 additional in the lcable between the grip thereon
due to the ,figure eight lead of the wire as the
H3 and |I4. 'I'his bushing supports the bearing
21 above mentioned by means of the plate'II5
secured by bolts | I6 therethrough which forms a
- ì '
. cable leads to the drums |4| and |42. However,
as the- cable leads `away from the drums |4| rota
tion will cause the twist to be taken out of the
Pulleys ||1 and
| I8 are at the opposite ends of the shaft ||0 and 30 cable an amount equal to that which is put into
the cable on the opposite side of thenip thereof.
pulleys ||'9- and |20 are at the opposite ends of
y housing for the ball bearing 21,
shaft I I I. -These pulleys are located so that the
Accordingly, the effect of the mechanism is to .
place additional twist in on the ‘feeding-in side
but to take out this same amount of twist on the.
engages the v groove |I4 on the bushing ||2 and 35 feeding out side of the nip of thecable and ac
the V groove in the pulley ||1 while the belt |22 ~ cordingly no resultant twist occurs. Although
V groovesin these pulleys will be opposite the V
grooves in the bushings 31 and II2. A belt I 2|
engages the V groove“ in the bushing 31 andï '
also the V groove in the pulley II 8. Likewise a
belt |23 >engages the V groove I|3 in the bushing
| I2 and the V groove in the pulley I I9 while the V
’ belt |24 engages the 'groove 41 in the bushing
31 and the V groove in this pulley |20. As the
no resultant twist occurs, a change in thewire
does occur inasmuch as the additional twist~ put
into the wireserves to set the strands in their
helical formation and provides a stress free wire
so far as tendency to untwist is concerned after
it leaves this operation. Accordingly if the wire
is cut the several strands do- nottend to fly apart
spindle rotates motion will be transmitted by each
of these belts to theirv pulleys and through their
but remain in their laid helical relation. '
shafts to the pulleys at the opposite end and from 45
them to the creel. The pulleys at the opposite
After passing from the false twisting apparatus
ends of the shafts are of the same diameter.
Therefore the drive which is imparted to the pul- > the cable passes through a straightener 'desig-.
nated generally |50 (Figs. 1 and 3) which-consists
leys by reason of the rotation of the spindle will
impart to the creel by reason of its bushing“ 50 of staggered rolls |6| and |62 between which the`
wire extends andis flexed back and forth so as
a, drive in the opposite direction equal to the
drive- of the spindle. The bushing ||2 is sta
to take any kinks out of the wire and assist in ,
tionary. It drives the shaft ||0 one revolution , laying the strands in the desired form of the
cable.V The flexing occurs in right angular planes. .
for each revolution of the disc 30 and the creel
is driven with reference to the spindle one revo 55
lution yfor each revolution of the disc in the op
‘ Wire feed mechanism
posite direction. ' Consequently the >creel is sta
In order to draw the wire through the straight
tionary or does not move with reference to the
ener, the false twister, and from the supply lpack- '
ages, drums |60 and I6I (see Fig. 13) are pro
vided about which the cable extends several times
as at |62. The tension on'the cable leading' tov
casing 25 except that there may be some possible»
creeping due to slip of the friction belts along 60
their V pulleys. From the above it will appear
that the creel floats on the spindle but the ratio
of drive is such that the creel does not rotate with
reference to the casing. Other means of holding
-the creel from turning which are equivalent to es
that just described 'are set forth in my copending
applications Ser. Nos. 508,128, 508,129, 508,130,
508,131, 508.132.v
'I'his upper part of the mechanism just de
scribed is enclosed in the casing .designated |25 70
having a door‘hinged at |26 consisting of lattice-_
work formation |21 so that the mechanism is pro
tected during a major part of the running thereof.
the drum |60 is very great while the number of
turns about the drum provides sufficient friction
not only for the drive orfeed of the wire to this
mechanism but is also sumcient to permit the
wire to be taken‘on asI at |64 with considerably
less tension. The drum |6| is driven by suitable
drive mechanism as will be hereinafter explained.
Reelíng mechanism
The cable'is packaged orreeled (see Fig. 13)
upon the cylindrical barrel |10 of a suitable spool
which may be removed from the machine and
The casing is slotted as at |28 that the cable l which is driven by a cork covered cylinder |1|
portion |06 may extend therethrough. A suit 75 supported on the arm |12 `pivoted on a shaft |14
and held against the surface of the cylinder |10
by the weight |13 at the end of an arm 226 ex
tending from shaft |15 in the opposite direction. '
The cable is led to this package over a -guide
pulley |15 which is moved axially of the package
Vby a traverse mechanism designated [email protected] as it
engages the pulley from the guide |11 over which
¿a leads from the feed mechanism above described.
distance that the belt extends into this pulley
will determine the circumference which is edec
tive to turn the belt. This belt 221 (see Fig. 13)
is trained over a fixed pulley 223 mounted as at
224 and thence about a second pulley 225 on shaft
|14, and then extends about apulley 228 on a
shaft 229 carried by an arm 230, which arm is
pivotedvto swing about the pivot 23|. This arm
may be swung about the pivot 23| to draw the
belt into or permit it to extend to a greater di
ameter of the pulley 22|. Such 'swinging is ef
ber lai may slide and also roch so that eitherof ° fected by the bolt 232 passing through the boss
the nuts lef and les may be engaged with ‘one » 2&3 and adjusted by a head 235 through the abut
The traverse' mechanism. (see Figs. ld to l?)
consistsrof a pair of threaded shafts its and |19
and a guide shaft [email protected] along which the yoke mem-_
of the threaded shafts. The tube
carries the
pulley |154for the guiding of the cable itt on to 15
the package i‘ld. The yoke itil has an upstand- _
ing arm @ed which as it moves near the end of
its stroke will engage the iin [email protected] held by arm m1
ment engaging the boss.
The shaft 11d has a pulley 24|) about which a
belt indicated at 2M extends to drive a pulley
242 on. shaft 2&3 at the end of arm |12 upon
which the cork drum |1| is provided so as to ro
in- adjusted position along the rod ide, while the ` tate this driving drum at a constant speed which
‘ arm |88 pressed by spring [email protected] tends to move the 29 is in‘surface contact with the packaging drum
2|16 so' as to reel the cable thereon.
arm |85 so as to rock the yoke iti. After the
lThe drive for the traverse is taken from shaft
larm m5 of the yoke has traveled so as to pass °
A(see Fig. 14) upon which the take-up pack.
beyond the iin |86 the arm idd will snap the yoke
age is mounted. The shaft is equipped with a
|85 over and disengage the nut ft2 and cause
drive pulley having halves, the v_movable
engagement of the nut 6&3 with the threaded 25_ Reeves
half 252 being urged by spring 253 toward the
shaftv |18. The arm me will then travel in _the
fixed half 25E. 'A .belt 254 engages the separable
opposite direction along the oppositeside of the
pulley' and also a pulley 255 which drives the gear
fin itâ and will first engage the iin |96 and will
- 259 (see Fig. 16) and in turn the gears 260 and
>then engage the arm §92 which by reason of
spring ist will press the arm @e5 in the opposite
direction vor to the right in Fig. l1 as the arm
slides along rin iti until the arm E85 passes be=
yond the extent of the iin Edi when this arm ist
26|, which mesh with each other, one being on
the end of threaded shaft |18 and the other on
the end of threaded shaft |19 to drive the same.
Shaft ils also carries gear 256 meshing with
gear 251 on the shaft |80 which carries the pul
will then snap the yoke in the opposite direction
so as to disengage the nut ESS from the threads 35~ leyThe
drive` for the false twisting mechanism
|18 and again engage the nut E82 with the shaft
, shown in Figs. 10 to 12 is taken from the shaft
|19 that the yoke may reverse its direction. The
_25 upon which is a pulley 265 which operates a
traverse mechanism will thus reverse itself for
belt 2&5 in turn rotating the pulley 261, which
the reciprocation of the pulley back and forth to
is carried by an arm 268- pivoted as at [email protected] vabout
the axial extent of the package to he formed.
The drive for the various parts
lThe main driving motor (see Fig. 9) isdesig- '
a pin 21u supported in the bracket 21|. A bracket
21|' pivotally mounts an arm 212 which carries
a pulley 213 urged into engagement with the
belt- 2&5 by a spring 214, the arm 212 being piv
nated [email protected] and is provided with an armature shaft
oted as at 215. A shaft 216 is driven by the pul
2PM carrying a pulley' 2&2 over which three ‘v belts
ley 261 and this shaft carries a Reeves drive pul
ley 211 having a spring 218 to urgevthe two
2&3 extend to engage the pulley 2cd having three
halves of the pulley together. A-belt 219 ex
cooperating grooves for the three belts 2de where
tends about the pulley 211 and also extends about
by a direct 'drive is provided for the spindle 2d
to drive or rotate the flyer disc 80 which revolves, 50 pulley |21 of the false twister device. The drive
may be changed by dra-wing the belt 21g fur
the cable about the. hollow spindle. The mecha
ther into or letting it out to a larger diameter
nism for maintaining the creol stationary while
of pulley 211. In order to adjust the position
the spindle is driven by means 'of the shafts Ilii
of the belt 219 in pulley 211 the pivoted arm 268
ancl ||| has been explained. >
At the lower end of the spindle 2d a worin 2&5 55 barrios a swivelly mounted nut 28B which may
be moved vby a threaded shaft 28| having a
- (see Fig. 3) is provided which drives the worm
handle 2% extending through the casing 283 so
wheel 2de which in turn drives through shaft
as to swing the arm 2&8 about its pivot 210 to
2&1 the gear Zed and in turn this gear drives the
vary the position of the belt 219 in the pulley
gear 2&9 (see Figs. S, i8. and i9) through the
change gear [email protected] mounted upon the swinging arm 60 211. Thus the relative speed of the false twister
mechanism may be adjusted. As the swinging
26| and having a slot ¿i2 through which the
of the arm 258 occurs the pulley 213 will be
binding means 2li; passes to hold the arm in a
moved by a spring 214 to take up any slack which
position to cause the change gear [email protected] to engage ’
might occur in the belt 286.
the gears 2te and 2te to transmit motion from
A‘motor control mechanism (see Fig. 9) des
one to the other. The gear tilt is mounted on 65
ignated 233 is driven from the spindle 26 by pul
the shaft 2 le upon which the drum itl is mounted
` and by means of which the same is rotated. The
work. which .embraces the drums [email protected] and le!
causes rotation of the drum itil.
ley Zdd through belt 28S engaging pulley 28?
which is so connected into the field of the mo
tor 'which drives the spindle so that when the
The drive for the packaging mechanism , is 70 stop mechanism is operated-to stop the machine
the field of the motor is reversed so that elec
taken from the driven drum |551 of the feeding
mechanism (see Figs. i8 and _19). The drum >lëll
is mounted upon a shaft 22d which also carries
trically a force is acting to turn the motor in the
opposite direction to bring >the spindle to a stop
more quickly. This mechanism so operates that
a ‘sf-pulley 22E which is of the split type having
a spring 222 to urge the two parts together. The 75 when the spindle slows down beyond a certain
predetermined number of revolutions per min
niet m insulated as at m and connected tothe ~
annular contact 293 `.by the bus bar or lead 321.
A counter 330 (see Figs. 1 and 25) is provided to
ute the switch which vcausesa reversal of the
ileld is thrown out and the spindle is permitted
_ to come to rest.
" 'Strand breakage vstop motion
indicate vthe length of cable, which has passed
through the machine -and to'stop themachine-
_- In order to control the operation ofthe _ma
chine an~electric`al stop motion is provided. The
upon- a predetermined- length having been fur-_
machine is arranged to stop upon the; breaking ' ’
of one ofthe strands of the creel supply pack
nished. _ The counter is driven by a worm gear
33| on shaft 220. Aworm 332 engages the worm
- ages by the arrangement shown more particu
' and rotates shaft 333- (see> Fig. 2_5) to drive gear
' larly in my copending application Serial No.
334 which in turn drives gear 335. A mutilated
-508,133 and shown herein at Figs. 2, _5,_and 20 . gear 336 has a tooth which turns the member 331
to 212 inclusive.
one tooth -each revolution to revolve shaft 333.
Each oi' the guide posts 55 (see Fig. 20) con
sists of a solid upstanding member 290 which is
threaded as at 29| into the creel support 42. A
bearing 292 is provided on this_member 290 and
a similar Ábearing'is'provided «near the upper end
of the member, ,and a sleeve 293 is rotatably sup
ported onthese bearings which may freely ro-v
tate as'the strand designated 10 is drawn about
this guide post. A collar or circuit closing mem
ber 294 is slidably related to the sleeve 293 and
This shaft in turn has a mutilated gear 339 to turn
` member 340 one tooth each time it revolves and
each of these'parts serve to rotate certain indicat
ingA wheels to _record the length produced. Gear
340 rotates shaft 34| which carries a contact 342
to engage contact 343 to close a circuitand cause
>stopping of the machine. _4
Wiring circuit
The drive motor 200 is so controlled that it may
will mov'e by gravity to the lower part ofthe
-beçlogged on and olf in starting-by electrical con
sleeve when free to do so. This »collar has an
trols_or it may be operated forward or reverse.
outwardly-rounded flange 295 to rest upon the _ _ Also the motor may be stopped upon opening of
strand material 10 so as to lbesupported there
the doors ‘ I 21 which control a guard switch, by the »
by and preventedfrom gravitatingto its lower
' -`counter arriving at a .predetermined count or by
position so long as the> strand material extends 30 the drop wire arrangement of Fig. 20 when a wire
about the post. However, when this strand ma
strand breaks. Likewise a so-called plug-in
terial breaks the collar will slide to its lower
switch «which operates to reverse the motor field
vmost position.
is provided. The circuit' including all of this ar
An annular electrical contact strip 2951s sup/-ported by insulation 291 from the creel 42` and
is provided with openings'299suñicient so as to
rangement is shown in Fig. 26 which will show` _
the electrical control provided.
place the contact strip from each of the guide
posts which ‘extend therethrough. An electrical
connection may be made'between the strip 296
and post by the collar when in its _lowermost po
and thermal overloads must be properly -set and
The flange >oi? the creel is equipped with a-boss
` 299 having a bore 300 (see Fig. 24) in which the
_ insulating `Vsleeve 30| is -mounted This sleeve
' To _start the _machine'by motor 200 all switches '
the selector switch properly set for the desired '
directional rotation of the motor. Assuming the
selector switch> has been set for a so-called for
ward rotation of the motor on the run position,
- then by the starter button 350 the initial circuit
>will be closed through which relay I is energized.
This circuit includes the line 35| extending from
carries abrush 302 pressed by the spring 309 45 the transformer 349 through terminal C-3, stop
which may be adjusted by the threaded rod 304
button contacts, starter buttoncontacts 352-353, '
so that the> desired pressure may be obtained and . _ ' terminal C-I, coil 354 of relay I, terminalG-L
which rod is held in position-bythreadingly en
' guard switch, terminal P--2, counter switch, ter
gaging a part of the bushing. Electrical connec
mlnal P-I and thence by line 355 -to'contact of
-tion is established between- the-` brush 15 and
transformer. Energizing of >coil 354 of relay I
the annular-'contact 295 by a strip 305 secured
as at 305 to the member 293 and by nut 301 to
_the threaded rod 304 to' establish electrical con- _
nection between them.
~ The brush 332 engages an annular contact
member 303 which is insulated as'at 309 Afrom the
diskA 33 but so located~ that 'as the disk revolves _'
.this annular member will be engaged by the brush
302 at all times. An annular member 3I0’carried
on theunder side of the disk 29 (see Fig. 23,) and
insulated therefrom is electrically connected to
the annular member 303 by a strap 3| I secured to> ‘
- these members by bolts3| 2 and 3|3 through in`-_ »
_ sulatingbushings 3 I4 in both of said disks such
The framework 25 is alsoequipped with a boss
3|’3_ (see Figs. 2 and 22) having a bore v3I1 with
insulating bushings 3| 3 therein which holds a
threaded member 3_I3 to adiustably engage the
spring 323 which urges _the brush 32| against V_the
annular contact member 3|3. A certain 'terminal
arrangement by nuts 322 and -323 enable the cir
¿cuit'iead 324, to be secured thereto.
The package on the upper disk is similarly sup»
will'close the- sets of contacts 355 and 351 thereof. .
The circuit to the magnet coil of the forward
switch includes the line 35| extending from the
transformer through terminal 0_3, stop button -
contacts, line 353 to terminaloverload 359
and 350, line 35|, bridged contacts 351 of relay I,
terminal C--_-2, bridged- contacts 332 of forward
position -of .selector switch, line353, terminal F-I ,
line 334, coil- 335 of forward switch, line 353, closed
_contacts 351- of'r'everse switch, terminal P-I and
by line 355 to transformer. Energizing of coil 395
of forward switch will move mechanism to close _
sets of contacts 333, 339, 313, 31| Aand open con
tacts- 312. -This will close the lines extending _
from~ terminal'LI-Ll and L3 to terminal T-I,
T-2, and T-3 through contacts 313, 339, and 333
Rotation of motor in the forward -
direction will actuate' the plugging switch ¿to
bridgethe contacts 312-313 or 313' thereof. . Upon energizing ofr'elay I and actuating of the ’
forwßrd switch a second circuit to coil354 of relay
l will be established and the starter button may
be released vto open the line therefrom to ter
minßl C-l.- This Second circuit includes the line _
plied- through post 35’ (see Fig. 21) with a con- 75 35| vextending from transformer 349l through
button, contact 353 of starter button 314, 393 and
333 of job run, line 393, terminal J-2, line 388,
terminal N, contacts 312, 313' of plugging switch,
terminal 4F----2, line 399, terminal F-I, coil 335
» terminal C--»3, stop button contacts, contact 353
of starter button, bridged contacts 314 of jog run
- switch, terminal J-|, contacts 356 of relay I, line
315, contacts 31| of forward switch, line 316,
closed contacts 311 in relay 2, line 318 through
coil 354, line 319, terminal G-I, guard switch,
of forward switch, closed contacts 391 of revers
ing switch, terminal P--«| and to ground or left
contact of transformer.
terminal P--2, counter switch, terminal P--| and
The venergized coil 335 will actuate the forward
switch mechanism to close the ,circuits of lines
line 355 to contact of transformer 349.
Upon the bridging of the drop wire contacts by4
294 a circuit is established to energize relay 2 10 S---|, S-2, and S-~3 through contacts 368, 369,
319. The motor will now be set into motion in
and open the circuits to relay | and to coil~ 365
of the forward switch which stops the motor. ' vtheopposite direction and provide a similar re
versal of the plugging switch.
The circuit energizing relay 2 includes the line
If it be assumed that the selector switch has
extending from the ground 380 of the trans
former, line 396' from P-I, from ground 33| 15 been set for the so-called reverse direction, press
ing of the starter button will establish the same
through bridged contacts of drop wire, line 33,2,
initial circuit to energize relay | as if the selector
coil 333 of relay 2, line 335, contacts 351 'of relay ’
switch were set for forward rotation as previously
|, line 364, overloads 350, 359,1ine 385 to terminal
described, that is from transformer, terminal
0_4, stop button contacts, terminal C--3 and .
, line 35| to transformer 343. Energizing the coil 20 C-3, stop button contacts, starter button con
tact 352, 353, line 433, terminal C-I, line 43|,
coil 354 of relay |, line 319', >terminal G-|, guard
switch, terminal P--2, counter switch, terminal
of relay 2 will open contacts 311 of relay 2'and
stop ñow of current through coil 354 of relay l. '
This will de-energize relay l and open circuits -
at contacts 353-353, This action will de-ener
gize rcoil 365 in the circuit now opened at con
tacts 351. Mechanism of the forward switch will
now be actuated to open contacts 363-, 369, 310,
and 31|lfand close contacts 319 to establish a
P-I and by line 355 to transformer. When the
selector switch is set to reverse position the con
tacts 433 are bridged. In this situation no cur
rent can ñow to coil 365 of forward switch be
cause contacts 362 in selector switch are open _
and line from coil 365 through F-| is opened at
closed circuit for the coil of the reversing switch.
This latter circuit includes the line 355 from `the 30 plugging switch prior to rotation of motor. Upon
energizing of relay | a circuit is closed to ener
transformer, terminal P-i, contacts 312 of for
-gize the coil 336 of reversing switch. This circuit
ward switch, coil 335 of reversing switch, line
includes line 35|v extending from transformer
33?, terminal R-2, contacts @i3-312 of plug
through terminal C-3, stop button contacts, line
ging switch, line 339, terminal N, terminal J---'-2„
contacts 339, bridge 33t-'oi' jog run, line 39|, 35 358, terminal C-'-4, contacts 351 of relay i, line
464, 'terminal C-2, line 499, contacts 403 of se
contact 353 of starter button, bridge 392, .con
lector switch, line 406, terminal R---|, line dill',
tacts of stop button, terminal @-3 and line 35|
back to transformer 339. Contacts 393, 394, 395, ` terminal R-2, line 381, coil of reversing switch,
contacts 312 of forward switch,l terminal P--i
396 will be closed and contacts 393 'opened when
the reversing switch coil is energized. Unes L-I, 40 and to ground or by line 355 to transformer.
Energizing the coil of the reverse switch will
L-Z and L--3 will now extend through the closed
actuate the mechanism to open contacts 393 and
contacts 393, 394, 395 of reversing switch and
close contacts 393, 334, 395, and 395. This will
from there to terminals ’li-3, '1”-2 and T-| to
close the lines L-I, L---2, and L-3 to motor in
motor. The rotation of the motor will now be
in the reverse direction which will actuate the 45 the manner previously described and set the mo
tor in motion inthe so-called reverse direction.
The plugging switchy will be actuated by rotation
open the circuit to the reverse switchcoil 386,
plugging switch to open contacts 312-313 and _
ofthe motor to close contacts 312-3‘l3', which
will open contacts 312-313’ and interrupt the
of current to coil 335. This willl permit the
395, and 396 thereof to open lines L-I, L-2,
de-energizing the same and permitting the mech
anism of this switch to open contacts 393, 394,
and L-3 and bring the motor to rest. ’
The second circuit for coil 353 of relay | will
be similar to the> second circuit established as _
forward switch mechanism to open contacts 363, .
369 and 31B and open the lines of current to
The initial circuit to relay | as well as the sec
previously stated when the forwardswitch is
actuated with the exception that thecircuit will 55 ond circuit established for maintaining relay l in
energized condition each include the counter
be closed through contacts 396 of the reversing
switch.- These two contacts are connected inz switch and guard switch. Should either of these
switches be Opened the iiow of current to relay i
parallel to now open contacts 31| of forwardwill be interrupted and the motor stopped.
All circuits also extend through contacts of
-If the drop wire contacts are now bridged a 60
stop button switch and to deenergize the circuit it
‘ circuit is established to energize relay 2 to open
is merely -necessary to press the stop button'.
contacts 311 in the second circuit of coil 354 of
The Jog run includes two sets of contacts 31s
relay i. De-energizing relay I will open contacts
and »339. Contacts 314 may be electrically con
351 of relay | in which circuit the coil of revers switch is located. This will dei-energize the v65 nected. On the jog run the switch is set to have
contacts 314 open. The second circuit established
reverse switch coil and-permit opening of con
for relay | includes contacts 314. If these are
tacts 393, >394, 395, 396, and close contacts 331.
set to be in open condition no second'circuit is
The flow of `current' from lines L--|, L_! and
established and'releasing of the starter button
L-3 to the‘motor 233 will now be interrupted.
" A closed-circuit will be -establish'ed for coil 335
of forward'switch through closed vcontacts 391
and contacts 3'|2--'-313' kept closed >by the mo
mentum of motion of motor. This circuit will in
clude line 35| extending from transformer 343
Willbring themotortorest.
The circuit to relay‘2 vcan only be vestablished
through groimd extendingthrough the drop wire
234. Consequently" opening of counter and/or'
guard switc -will not set any circuit in motion to
through 1_ine 35|, terminal C--_3, contacts 0f stop 76 »reverse rotat on of motor. Therefore only clos
, "ing of the drop wire circuit will cause a reversal
ofmotor direction.
rotating the spindle, means for revolving said>
_ ’
_strands about said creel for twisting and laying
I claim:
the strands helically, means driven by said spindle v
“to false twist the laid strands in the same direc
tion to set the helical lay of the Ístrands inthe
formed cable, means driven by said'spindle to
1. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a
plurality of supply packages ofy wire strands, a
I hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
means- for twisting and laying the strands heli
engage and feed the cable through said means,
cally, means to false twist the laid strands in the
and means to reel the cable. ' '
` same direction to set the helical lay of the strands
8. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying la
in the f_ormed cable, means to oppositely flex the 10 plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
cable to remove kinks therefrom, means to en
hollow spindle through whichthe strands extend,
gage and -feed _the vcable through said means, a ‘
means for rotating said spindle,~ a disk carried by
measuring device associated with the last said
mìans and driven thereby, and means to reel the
l and rotatable with said spindle and extending at
‘ ' right angles to its axis and With a rotating guide '
15 at its periphery, means to direct the strands from
through the spindle radially outwardly of the disk
‘ 2. In a wire cable machine. a creel carrying a
_ plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a _
hollowvspindle through which the strands extend,
means for twisting and laying the strands heli
cally, means-tov false twist the laid strands inthe
same direction to set the helical lay of the strands
in the formed cable, means to oppositely iiex the
cable to remove kinks therefrom, a pair of drums
about which the cable is wound a plurality of
times and means to drive one of the drums to
feed the cable through said means, a measuring
device associated with said drums and meansto
reel the cable.
and over said rotating guide, a guide positioned _
above said creel and >over which said strands exf
tend from said rotating guide for revolving said
strands about said creel to double 'twist and lay
the strands helically, means to false twist the laid
strands in the same direction to set the helical
lay of the strands inthe formed cable, and means
driven from said spindle to reel the cable.
9. In a wire cable machine, a vertically dis
posed hollow spindle, means for rotating the »spin
die, a creel rotatably supported wholly on said
spindlev and carrying a plurality of supply pack
3. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a
>plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
means for twisting and laying the strands heli
cally, means to false twist .the laid strands in
the same direction to set the helical lay 0f the
ages of wire strands; means for driving the. creel
from the spindle in the opposite direction from
the spindle a number of revolutions equal to the
y rotation of the spindle, means for directing the
wires from the supply packages through' the hol
'low spindle, means ~for guiding and revolving the
'strands in the formed cable, and means driven
wires about said’spindle and creel for twisting and
laying the strandshelically, 'means to false twist
from the spindle to rcel thecable, and means to
count the length of cable made.
' the laid strands in the same direction to set the
4. In a wire cable machine, a, creel carrying >a
helical lay of the strands in the formed cable, and
_ plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
_ means driven from said spindle to feed the cable
hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
means for, directing the cable radially outwardly
40 through said last said'means to reel the cable.
„ _ l0. In a wire cable machine, a vertically dis~
of the spindle and then in the oppositedirection,
posed h‘ollow spindle, means for rotating the spin
_ means for rotating the spindle- and the radially
' die, a creel rotatably supported wholly onsaid
extending portion to place in the strands a double - ‘
twist and lay the strands helically, means to false 45
twist the laid strands in the same direction to set'v
the helical lay of the strands in the formed cable,
and means driven from said spindle to reel the
spindle and carrying a plurality of supply pack
ages of wire strands, means for'driving the creel
from the spindle in the opposite direction from
the spindle a number of revolutions equal to the
»rotations of the spindle, means for directing 'the
wires _from the supply packages through the hol
~ 5. In- a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a 50 low spindle, a disk carried by and rotatable with
plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a.
said spindle and extending at right angles to its '
brake Áforiretai‘ding the >rotation oi' each of said
axis with its periphery extending beyond the outer
packages, a hollow spindle through which the
strands extend, means for driving said spindle,
edge of said creel, a rotating guide at its periph- ' v v
ery, means to direct the wires from through the
means for twisting and'laying the strands heli 55A spindle radially outwardly of the disk and over
cally. means to false twist the laid strands in the
same direction to -set the helical lay of the strands
in the formed-cable, and means driven fromsald
spindle to reel the cable.
8. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a
plurality of supply packages of wire- strands, a
plurality of guides about which the wire strands
' from each package extends to change its direc
tion, a hollow spindle through which the 'strands
extend, means for. driving said spindle, means for
twisting and laying the strands helically, means to
said rotatinggui'de, a guide positioned at a loca
tion above. said spindle and over which the wires
extend from said -rotating guide to revolve' the
wires about said creel to double twist and lay'the
strands helically,`m'ea_ns to false twist th‘e laid
strands in the same direction to set the helical
v lay of the strands in the formed cable, and meansY
driven from said spindle to feed the cable through
the last said means.
11. In a wire cable machine,'a creel comprising
a deck carrying a plurality of packages of wire
false twist the i'aid strands in the same direction _ ' strands, a vertically disposed hollow spindle ex
to set the helical lay of the -strands in the formed
tending through said creel 'and rotatable relative
cable, and means driven from said' spindle-tol
thereto, means for driving _said spindle, an addi
reel the cable,
_ _
70 tional package of wire strand serving as a core,
7. ,In a wire cable machine, acreel carrying a.
and supported on said creel above saidv spindle,
plurality of supply packages of vwire strands, a__ means for directing all of the strands through
hollow spindle extending
means `for twisting and laying the other strands
through said creel and rotatable relative thereto
helicaily about said core, means to false twist the
and-through which the strands extend. mecnsfor 1I laid strands in the same direction to set the helical
lay of the strands in the formed cable,- and means
driven from said spindle to reel the cable.
12. In a wire cable machine, a creel compris
ing a deck carrying a plurality of packages of wire
strands and an additional package of wire strand
above the other packages, a brake for retarding
the rotation of each of said packages, a vertically
disposed hollow spindle extending through said
leys carried by the tube. over which- the -cable is l I
trained sufficiently to gain a bite upon the cable
and revolve the same about. its axis, said tube be
ing driven from said spindle.
l5. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a
plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
means for rotating said spindle, means for twist
ing and laying the strands helically,.-means driven '
creel and rotatable relative thereto, means to ro
from said spindle to faist twistgtheïlaid strands
tate said spindle, an additional package cf‘wire 10 in the same direction to set the helical lay or the
strand' serving as a core, means for directing all
strands in the formed cable comprising a tube,
of the strands through said spindle, means for i
a pair of pulleys carried .by the tube over which
twisting and laying the other strands helically
' the cable is trained in the form of a- figure eight
about said core,l means _to false twist the `laid
suiiiciently to gain a bite upon the cable and re- strands in the same direction lto set the helical lay
volve the same about its axis, said tube being
of the strands in the formed cable, and means
driven from said spindle.
driven from the spindle to reel the cable.
16. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying
13. In a wire cable-machine, a creel carrying a
a4 plurality of supply packages o! wire strands, a
plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
,hollow spindle through which the strands extend, 20 means
for rotating said spindle, means for twist
means for rotating said spindle, means for twist
I ing and laying the strand's‘helically, means to
ing and laying the strands helically, means to
false twist `the laid strands in the same direction
false twist the laid strands in the same direction
to set the helical lay of the strands in the formed
to set th‘e helical lay of the strands in the formed.
cable comprising a tube driven from said spindle 25 cable, and means driven from said spindle to reel
th'e cable, and means to count the length of cable
and through which the cable extends, means to
grip the wire cable and revolve thesame about its - 4
17. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a
axis, and means driven from said spindle to reel
the cable.
plurality oi supply packages of wire strands, a
14. In a wire cable machine, a creel carrying a 30 hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
plurality of supply packages of wire strands, a
hollow spindle through which the strands extend,
means for rotating said spindle. means for twist
means for rotatingthe spindle, means for twist
ing and laying the strands helically, means driven
from said spindle to false twist the laid strands
the same direction to set the helical lay of the
ing and laying the strands h'elically, means -to
in th'e formed cable, and means driven
false twist the laid strands in the same direction
from the spindle to reel the cable.
to set the helical lay of the strands in the formed
cable comprising a rotatable tube, a pair of pul
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