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Патент USA US2514493

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July 11, 1950
s. H. HAY ETAL
2,514,491
ANIMAL. DRINKING CUP
Filed Aug. 16, 1946
INVEN TORS
A 7- 7-05%’: Ks.
Patented July 11, 1950
2,514,491
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,514,491
ANIMAL DRINKING CUP
Steven H. Hay, Racine, and Frank B. Hay, Jr.,
Sturtevant, Wis.
Application August 16, 1946, Serial No. 690,960
6 Claims. (01. 119-18)
1
Our invention relates in general to improve
ments in the manufacture of feeding and water
ing appliances for caged or otherwise con?ned
birds and beasts. and relates more speci?cally'to
improvements in the construction of animal
drinking cups or the like formed primarily of
sheet metal.
‘
The principal object of the present invention
is to provide an improved animal feeding or wa
tering cup which is simple and durable in con
struction, and which may be readily detachably
suspended from an animal con?ning cage or the
like.
When raising certain fur-bearing animals such
as mink, the creatures are con?ned in cages or
pens, and must be carefully fed and watered es
pecially during breeding periods. It is therefore
2
any desired position upon a wire mesh wall or
the like.
These and other objects and advantages of the
invention will be apparent from the following
detailed disclosure.
A clear conception of the features constituting
our present improvement, and of the mode of
constructing and utilizing animal drinking cups
embodying these features, may be had by refer
ring to the drawing accompanying and forming a
part of this speci?cation wherein like reference
characters designate the same or similar parts
in the various views.
Fig. 1 is a central vertical section through one
of our improved drinking cup assemblages, show
ing the cup in the act of being applied to its nor
mal support;
customary to provide each zone of con?nement
Fig. 2 is a similar section through the same
with a drinking receptacle of limited capacity,
assemblage, showing the cup mounted upon the
and in order to prevent accidental spilling of the 20 support and supplied with liquid;
'
liquid and undue annoyance of the caged animals,
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the same cup and
these watering cups should be susceptible of ?rm
support in assembled condition;
support and should also be adapted to be supplied
Fig. 4 is a top view of the same cup and support
with fresh drinking water without requiring the
assemblage; and
attendants to enter the pens. These watering re- "r
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the support alone, be
ceptacles should also be formed of non-break
fore attachment thereof to the suspension wires.
able corrosion resistant material in order to avoid
While our invention has been shown and de
loss and contamination of the liquid, and they
scribed herein as being especially applicable to
should also be readily removable for cleaning so
drinking cups of limited capacity adapted to‘be
as to facilitate maintenance of sanitary condi 30 suspended from the con?ning wire mesh of mink
tions.
pens or the like, it is not our desire or intention to
It is therefore a more speci?c object of our
thereby unnecessarily restrict the scope or limit
present invention to provide an improved animal
the utility of the improvements which may be
watering receptacle which meets all of the above
more generally applied to other types of re
mentioned requirements, and which may also be 35 ceptacles.
manufactured and sold at moderate cost for di
Referring to the drawing, the improved animal
verse uses.
drinking cup assemblage shown therein, com
Another speci?c object of the invention is to
prises in general a receptacle or cup 8 having a
provide an improved drinking cup assemblage
relatively wide semi-circular rear commodity re-‘
which may be readily constructed of rust-re 40 ceiving basin 9 partially bounded by ?at upright
sistant sheet metal with the aid of punches and
front walls l0 which are separated by an inter
dies, and which is also adapted to be ?rmly and
vening narrower drinking spout H communicat
conveniently attached to the wall or con?ning
ing centrally with the supply basin, the bottom
wire of a pen or cage.
of the bowl or basin 9 being provided with a de
A further speci?c object of this invention is 45 pending circular lug l2; and a ?at mounting
to provide an improved drinking basin and sup
plate or support I4 having a resilient rearwardly
port therefor, wherein the basin may be quickly
projecting shelf I5 forming a bearing cooperable
and readily applied to or removed from the sup
with the bottom of the cup 8 and provided with
port, and may also be supplied with commodity
an opening it for receiving the cup lug l2, the
without entering the animal con?ning zone with 50 support It also having a central cut-out I‘! for
which the assemblage is associated.
receiving the cup spout H and being provided
Still another speci?c object of our invention
with hooks l8 disposed above the cut-out l1 and
is to provide an attractive sheet metal receptacle
shelf l5 for engaging the upper edges of the up
for liquid or food, which may be readily cleaned
right cup walls It.
'
and sterilized and which may also be mounted at 55
The receptacle or cup 8 is preferably drawn
2,514,491
3
4
from a single blank of non-corrosive sheet-metal
such as stainless steel, but may also be fabri
out [1, hooks i8, and shelf l5 for cleaning; and
it is to be noted that application, ?lling, and re
cated of plastic, glass, die-cast metals, and other
kinds of sheet-material; and the lower front wall
IQ of the drinking spout II is curved along an
moval of the cup 8 may all be eifected without
entering the animal con?ning zone.
From the foregoing detailed description of the
construction and operation of our invention, it
will be apparent that we have provided an im
proved drinking cup assemblage which besides
arc struck about a center disposed near the up
per edges of the vertical cup Walls it. The upper
brim edge of the cup 8 especially atltyhe front
and sides of; the drinking spout ‘II, should be
being simple and durable in construction, may
rounded so as" to avoid injury to the drinking 10 bel5con‘veni'en'tly . suspended? from‘ 'the- enclosing
wall of an animal con?ning pen, and may also
animals; and while these unitary cups 8 are ex
be slightly deflectable under pressure so as to
be‘ readily applied or removed from the exterior
of the pen. The improved sheet metal cup 8 and
support‘ ill may obviously be manufactured from
corrosion resistant material in any convenient
manner, and at moderate cost; and the forma
tion of these parts is such that they may be eas
r
ily assembled and dismantled and maintained
- in highly sanitary condition at all times. The
20 location and shape of the spout ll besides facili
zontal'supporting wires 2! as shown,‘ and these
supporting wires may be part of the wire‘vmesh
proper position upon and against the support 14,
ceedingly light they are still very strong and un
breakable, and can be readily cleaned because of
the elimination of sharp corners therefrom.
The ?at mounting plate or ‘support it is like
wise preferably formed from a single blank of
non-corrosive resilient material, with the aid of
punches and dies or otherwise, and while the
shelf l5 and hooks i8 are quite stiff, they should
tating assembly and dismantling of the unit, also
permit‘the'cap‘ 8 to be snapped into position and
permits introduction’ of desirable, quantities of
?rmly held in place when the parts are assembled.
freslrliquid ‘22 tothe supply basin 9. from with—
Each of the cup supports M is also provided with
out the-pen, thus avoiding undesirable annoyance
four suspension projections 01- tongues 2&3 which
to the con?nedanirnals. The retaining lug l2,
25
are- adapted to be wrapped snugly around hori
shelf 55, and hooks l8 afford simple but highly
effective means for maintaining the cup 8 in
enclosure of an animal breeding or con?ning cage
or pen.
'
’
' When the parts of the improved drinking cup
and the tongues 26 also provide sturdy means for
30 conveniently attaching the plate Hi to the wires
2!. The entire unit presents a highlyv attractive
appearance, and. the improvement has proven
assemblages have been properly constructed as
above described, each of the mounting'plates M
may be readily ?rmly attached to parallel up
pet and lower wires 2i by snugly wrapping the
?exible integral tongues 28 of the support about
very satisfactory and successful in actual use.
It should be understood that it is not our de
sire to limit the invention to the exact details of
construction and operation or to the precise mode
the adjacent suspension wires, with the aid of a
pair Of pliers Or the like. Such attachment of
each supporting plate IQ may be: effected in any
desired location. preferably externally of the
breeding pen, and the supports thereafter re
main in place, but may be readily removed if so
desired.
ofyproducing the parts, herein shown and de»
scribed, for various modi?cations within the scope
of , the, appended claims may occur to persons
skilled inthe art; and as hereinbefore indicated,
the cups and supports may be fabricated of di
verse materials.
WeV-claim:
_
.
In order to apply a receptacle or cup 8 to a
l. A drinking. cup assemblage for cages, com“
suspended support Ill, it is only necessary to ini
tially insert the drinking spout vll of the cup
through the cut-out ll of the supporting plate
with the hooks i8 overlying the upper edges of
the adjacent cup walls Ill, and to thereafter
swing the bowl .8 downwardly and inwardly to
prising, an upright sheet-metal supporting plate
ward the shelf £5. The curved front wall IQ
of the spout H will then ride smoothly along
side face of said plate, and a sheet-metalcup
having a relatively wide supply bowl and a nar
having a cut-out and being provided laterally of
the upper ego of- the cut-out with apair of hooks
and along the lower edge, of the cut-out with a
resilient shelf, both said hooks and said shelf
extending in the same direction away from one
rower drinking spout connected to said bowl by
the top of the shelf I5, and as the front walls
in of the cup 8 approach the flat plate Ill, the
lower cup lug l2 will snap into the shelf-open
ing it and will, effectively clamp the cup walls
lllcagainst the rear surface of the supporting
plate. The basin or bowl 9 may subsequently be
supplied with liquid 22 in any desired quantities,
and will effectivelyretain this liquid forfree
transverse walls, said shelf and bowl having
interlockable parts and said narrower spout be»
ing insertable v‘through said cut-out while the
upper edges of said walls are engageable with
said hooks to cause said bowl to de?ect and inter
lock’with and to thereafter rest upon- said shelf
when the cup is applied to the plate.
’
2. A drinking cup assemblage for cages,_com
prising, an upright sheet-metal supporting plate
having acut-out and being provided. laterally of
access to the animals from within the breeding
zone through the spout ll.
,
If _.it becomes desirable to remove a suspended
cup, or to spill the liquid 22 therefrom, it is only
the upper edge of the cut-out with a pair of inte~
necessary to swing the rear end of the cup 8 up
1:1
opening therein,’ both said hooks and said shelf
extending in the same. direction away from one
the supply basin 9-, thus releasing the locking lug
side face of said plate, and a sheet-metal cup
having a relatively wide supply bowl provided
l2; from the opening It in the shelf, [5, and '
subsequently causing the front lower curved wall
IQ of the spout H to ride smoothly along the
topcf theshelfuntil the upper edges of the cup
walls in can be released from the hooks IS. The
cup 8 may then be freely withdrawn from the cut
gral hooks andalong the lower edge of the cut
out with an integralde?ectable shelf having an
wardly. This may be done- externally of the pen
and with relatively slight pressure applied up
wardly to the rear portion of the upper brim of
with a projection and a narrower drinking spout
connected tosaid bowl by integral transverse
walls, said narrower spout being insertable'
through said cut-out and the upper edges of said
.~ walls-being. engageable.,with.said hooks to cause
,...
41
5
2,514,491
said projection to snap into said shelf opening
and said bowl to rest upon said shelf when the
cup is applied to the plate.
3. A drinking cup assemblage for cages, com
prising, an upright sheet-metal supporting plate
having an approximately rectangular cut-out
and being provided laterally of the upper edge of
the cut-out with a pair of integral hooks and
I
verse upright walls, said narrower spout being
swingable upwardly and rearwardly through said
cut-out while the upper edges of said walls are
pivoted beneath said hooks to cause said bowl
to interlock with said shelf opening when the
spout has been swung through the cut-out su?i
ciently to cause said walls to engage said plate
face.
along the lower edge of the cut-out with an inte
6. A drinking cup assemblage for cages, com
gral resilient shelf, both said hooks and said ll) prising a unitary upright sheet-metal support
shelf extending in the same direction away from
ing plate having an approximately rectangular
one side face of said plate, and a sheet-metal cup
cut-out and being provided laterally of the upper
having a relatively wide supply bowl and a nar
edge of the cut-out with a pair of integral down
rower drinking spout connected to said bowl by
wardly directed hooks and along the lower edge
integral transverse walls, said shelf and bowl 15 of the cut-out with an integral resilient hori
having interlockable parts and said narrower
zontal shelf having an opening, both said hooks
spout being snugly insertable through said out
and said shelf extending in the same direction
out while the upper edges of said walls are en
away from one side face of said plate, and a
gageable with said hooks to cause said bowl to
sheet-metal cup having a relatively wide supply
interlock with and to thereafter rest ?rmly upon
bowl provided with a lug and a narrower drink
said shelf when the cup is applied to the plate.
ing spout of approximately the same width as
4. A drinking cup assemblage for cages, com
said cut-out connected to said bowl by upright
prising, an upright sheet-metal supporting plate
transverse walls, said narrower spout being
having a cut-out and being provided laterally of
swingable through said cut-out and the upper
the upper edge of the cut-out with a pair of in
- edges of said walls being disposable beneath said
tegral downwardly directed hooks and along the
hooks to cause said bowl lug to interlock with said
lower edge of the cut-out with an integral re
shelf opening when the spout has been swung
silient horizontal shelf having a latch forma
through the cut-out sufficiently to cause said
tion thereon, both said hooks and said shelf
walls to contact said plate face.
extending in the same direction away from one STEVEN H. HAY.
side face of said plate, and a sheet-metal cup
FRANK B. HAY, JR.
having a relatively wide supply bowl provided
with a complementary latch formation and a
REFERENCES CITED
narrower drinking spout connected to said bowl
The
following
references are of record in the
by integral upright transverse walls, said nar
file of this ‘patent:
rower spout being snugly insertable within and
swingable through said cut-out while the upper
UNITED STATES PATENTS
edges of said walls are pivoted beneath said hooks
Number
Name
Date
to cause said formations to interlock and to also
156,348
Hendryx _________ __ Oct. 27, 1874
cause said bowl to rest upon said shelf and said 40
199,115
Smith ____________ __ Jan. 8, 1878
walls to engage said plate face when the cup is
978,010
Faust ____________ __ Dec. 6, 1910
applied to the plate.
5. A drinking cup assemblage for cages, com
prising, an upright sheet-metal supporting plate
having a cut-out and being provided laterally of
the upper edge of the cut-out with a pair of hooks
and along the lower edge of the cut-out with a
shelf having a latch opening, both said hooks
and said shelf extending in the same direction
away from one side face of said plate, and a sheet 50
metal cup having a relatively wide supply bowl
provided with a latch projection and a narrower
drinking spout of approximately the same width
as said cut-out connected to said bowl by trans
1,154,768
1,546,992
1,602,000
1,693,113
1,719,769
1,755,706
Herold _________ __ Sept. 28,
Oppman ________ __ July 21,
Custer _____________ __ Oct. 5,
Hampel __________ __ Nov. 27,
Kaufman _________ __ July 2,
St. George _______ __ Apr. 22,
1915
1925
1926
1928
1929
1930
1,850,351
Markey et a1. _____ _. Mar. 22, 1932
1,869,901
Le Fever __________ __ Aug. 2, 1932
1,879,332
Kulp __________ __ Sept. 27, 1932
FOREIGN PATENTS
Number
510,968
Country
Date
Great Britain _____ _. Aug. 11, 1939
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