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Патент USA US2544736

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March 13, 1951
Filed! May 17, 1945
8 Sheefr.s—Sheet 1
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March 13, 1951
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Filed May 17, 1945 x
8 Sheets-Sheet 2
March 13, 1951
Filed May 17, 1945
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Filed May 17, 1945
8 Shees-Sheet 6
March 13, 1951
Filed May 17, 1945
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March 13, 1951
Filed May 1'7, 1945
8 Sheets-Sheet 8
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Patented Mar. 13,‘ 1951
J ‘ohnuCr Stricklerysan Francisco, ‘Gali’f.',1assignor
tonAmerican, Can?ompany, NewtYork, N.,_Y., a
corporation. of New Jersey
: vApplication:May '17, 1945;1Serial‘N0;594,218
(01. ‘226115)
‘ 15 ‘Claims.
.Thezpresent invention-relates toa 'machineior ‘
packaging metallic: containersiormcans;{for :ship
ment and storage and has particular) reference
, OfF?breor other, material between :thelayervunil’?s
lof; .cans- as they are .placed within: the, packageuto
;.keep :the cansroffeach layenunit separated.
Numerous other objects and advantages ofrthe
; t0oi:maglrlctic.devicesyforw arranging the‘cans in a
predetermined order for; packaging.
invention {will be apparent ,as it.,is better, under
.;1In:__1the; can ~making~~industry certain kindsvof
. stood from thefollowingdescriptiOn, which‘, taken
in connectionswith :the accompanying ,_ drawings,
cans, 1 especially those of!‘ the “sanitary” ‘or: full
openqqmouth type;~,-used;;for_, fruits'and Vegetables
.v discloses a ‘preferredembodimentthere?f.
.zandrother rfood products-‘sometimes are vsealed in
\ Referringto the. drawings:
large;paperpbagsnor ; packages, containing 1 ap 10 _,~ Figure.v 1. is, a, top, plan view‘ of a machine gem
proximately two hundred ‘cans, . which :protect the
:bodying the instant invention;
— cans fromm-contamination- during shipment“ and
Figs.,- 2,. and 3 are enlargedltppwplan and fside
Views respectivelysof a gear detail lused inijthe
Fonbest resultspcanspacked in such-paper bags
.,machine,.with parts;‘section andparts
or-‘packages are arranged. in a compact, relatively .15 _ broken away;
..solid mass which can be handled without-break
Qing. ‘It, has been found that-byrarranging the
Fig/l is, a perspective viewrdrawn ontai reduced
~, scale of; apackagetor bag l?lledwith eansjlthe
cans in a staggered relation beforeplacing them ‘
veinrlayers in» thebag or package,- bettenresults
_,are ‘attained. "However, the arranging-V of: the
.iEig. l5‘ ;is_a\,side view of rthemachinelshown , in
Fig. 1,.with .parts brokenraway;
~ cans in such a staggered relationpresents-con
. Fig. 6_isla front-view of the machine, withparts
~: siderable di?iculties where high speed production
_ broken away;
‘requirements must be considered.
Figs. ‘ 7 , , and 8e. are -. transverse sectional _. .views
,The. instant V invention contemplates ,lovercom
taken ,,substantially_.along thev ,line: ‘141. in_,'F_ig.
vingsthese dif?culties'by providing a machine ,in 25H6 and showing the. moving parts in?differen?posi
ewhichcansmoving in,-a continuous procession
; .tionspparts. being. broken ‘away;
are . quickly ‘arranged in‘ proper, relation and are
“Fig. .79 _is,a vertical‘ longitudinaLv section ‘taken
placed-within ‘a “package (ready ‘for sealing with
;outmanualhandling and underhigh speed con
,sub‘stantiallyalong. 'thejline'i‘B-i9w inv Eig; ,1, with
l _ parts ‘broken ,‘away;
g-Eigi 10,;isr an enlarged perspective‘ detail, for one
_[ Fig.,18 isoa‘diagrammatic View of‘the driving
mechanism of the machine and a wiring‘ diagram
An object of the invention is the provision of- a
, .Ofthepartsof ‘the machine, with portions broken
machine foriplacing cans into ?bre bags or pack
l away;
.agesin a compactarrangement wherein the ‘cans
liFigj .l1_,is avertical' transverse section‘: taken
are stacked in vertical contiguous 'rowsina pre
‘substantially along ‘the broken"line. I l—”l |_' infFjig.
determined relation and the entiretarrangement 35 (EL-with parts broken away;
ioflcans asa unit ‘is shiftedinto place ‘within the
Figs; 12 to ‘17,:in‘clusivel are diagrammatic views
package. and this is repeated for the desired num
showing how cans arezsta'cked vertically by _'the
berlof .layers of such units . comprising; the .con
stacking elements of ithe-machine; and
tents‘ of eachpackage.
JAnother object is. the, provision ofsuch, a ma
_ chine wherein stationary ,and movable magnets
operating in a synchronized. order are utilized for
_ of the '_electric‘ apparatus used in the machine.
As a. preferred-embodiment of _‘the instant in
-_,stacking.r andholding the cansina predetermined
“arrangement: to ‘make up a layerunit to be in
serted in a package of_ such cans.
,vention' the idrawingsjillustrate ,a vvma‘chinejn
,Whichshe‘et metal cans A’ (Fig. 4) are packed into
. ‘i5v
large: paperlbags'B to form a_ pa'ckagefor‘ship
Another . object is ‘ the provision . inv ' a: machine
' f'ment andtstorage. ,Thescans‘A aregiempty ‘and
of this charactenof, devices receiving cans in a
' have one end ‘closed with an end'member‘C'v ‘(see
continuous processionand segregating them into
_ rows‘ of a, predetermined number s of, cans,_ each
row being located relative to a neighboring .rowv
torbuildrup a compact, relatively solidlayer of
cans preparatory?to insertioninto vthe package as
-a unit.
Another object is the provision in such arma
,Figs. '7, and 8). ‘The cans‘shown are‘ round" in
cross section but the invention-is equally ;well
adaptedto other shapes ofcan.
~ "In'the ‘machine'the oansiAlare receive'diinsa
horizontal ‘position; i. e.', lying on one sidejandmare
"segregated into rows of, a,‘ desiredunumbernoi cans.
iiRowsgof, equalnumbers of ‘cans maybe segregated
j'chine of ‘devices, “for inserting. a _separator.jshe'et , 65, Or. rows. of“ unequal numbers, if i,de‘sired,,so that
they may be staggered or not staggered in the
continuously. The main drive shaft, however, is
normally stationary and is rotated periodically
corresponding relation.
The rows of cans, as they are segregated are
lifted vertically and arranged in position to form
a compact, orderly mass or layer unit.
the unit is complete the entire mass is pushed
horizontally into a mould D or package holding
device which is surrounded by a paper bag or
can package B. As each layer unit is deposited
in the mould a ?bre separator sheet E is inserted
into place in front of the layer of cans. In this
manner a plurality of layers of cans separated by
?bre sheets E are built up in the mould until it
is ?lled. When the mould D is ?lled the bag B
with its load of cans is removed and sealed ready
for shipment or storage.
The cans A advance into the machine in a
by a suitable commercial one-revolution clutch
51 (Figs. 6 and 11) having a driving member 58
keyed to the drive shaft and a driven member 59
secured to the drive sprocket 52. The clutch is
actuated by a pivotally mounted clutch ?nger
6| controlled by a movable element 62 Of an elec
tric solenoid 63 carried on the transverse web 45
10 of the main frame 22.
Hence when a full row of cans A is assembled
on the table 23 as shown in Fig. 11, they create
a pressure against the stop arm 25 sufficient to
pivot the arm on its pin 21 against the resistance
of its wire spring 36. This movement of the arm
brings its switch contact against the switch con
tact of the stop lever 28 and this closes the switch
35. Closing of the switch energizes the main
clutch solenoid 63 (Fig. 6) and this actuates the
end of which is secured to a vertical frame 22 20 clutch ?nger 6| to throw in the clutch 51. The
vmain drive shaft 49 thereupon begins its move
having an H shaped horizontal cross section
continuous procession moving along an inclined
runway 2| (Figs. 1, 6, '7, 8 and 11), the machine
which constitutes the main frame of the machine.
In the machine the cans roll along a horizontal
table or support 23 (Figs. 9 and 11) which is
formed as an integral part of the main frame 22.
ment and rotates through one revolution after
which it stops.
During the rotation of the main drive shaft
49 the cans A on the table are lifted vertically
and the jack shaft 43 and the cam 42 carried
thereon rotate through one-half revolution. This
shifts the stop lever 28 inwardly, as hereinabove
explained, to locate the next row of incoming
one row, as hereinbefore mentioned. The num
ber of cans in the row and their location on the 30 cans in a position which is in staggered relation
This table is substantially as wide or deep as the
height of the cans received thereon.
The number of cans on the table 23‘ constitute
table is controlled by a stop} arm or element 25
which is disposed adjacent the terminal end of
the table, at the right as shown in Fig. 11. Where
the cans are to be stacked in a stagger layout as
shown in the drawings, the stop arm 25 recipro
cates along the table a .distance of one-half the
diameter of a can and in shifted position stops
alternate rows of cans one-half a diameter ahead
' of the inbetween rows.
It is this locating of the
to the row just elevated. As soon as the row of
cans being elevated has passed above the stop
arm 25 and released the same, the spring 36 opens
the switch 35 and this deenergizes the solenoid
63 to permit stopping of the main drive shaft at
the end of its one revolution. This cycle is re
peated for each row of cans to be elevated into
stacked formation.
Lifting of the rows of cans is effected by a
cans that forms the staggered or nesting relation 40 plurality of spaced and parallel, vertically dis
posed magnetic feed or lift bars 66 (Figs. 6, '7, 8,
9 and 10) which are located adjacent the front
of the can table 23. These lift bars operate in
vertical slideway grooves 61 formed in a retainer
vertical stop lever 28 carried on a rockerv pin 29
secured in a pair of lugs 3| formed on the inner 45 plate 68 which extends transversely across the
front of the machine and at its ends is bolted
surface of. one of the side wings of the main
to the main frame 22. This plate is made of non
frame 22'. The stop arm and the stop lever are
magnetic material and con?nes the lift bars
formed with laterally extended lugs 33, 34 which
when the rows are lifted vertically into a stack.
The stop arm 25 is mounted loosely on a pivot
pin 21 (Fig. 11) secured in the upper end of a
carry aligned electric switch points constituting
a switch 35 which is used, as will be hereinafter
’ explained in connection with the wiring diagram
against displacement. It is mounted above the
top edge of the transverse web 45 of the main
Each lift bar 66 is of channel shape construc
in Fig. 18, to set in motion devices for lifting the
tion, as best shown'in Fig. 10, and contains a
located rows of cans into the stack. A wire spring
plurality of electromagnets ‘H which when ener
36 interposed between the lugs 33, 34 keeps the
switch points in a normally separated position, 55 gized set up a magnetic ?eld adjacent the bars. A
cover plate 12 secured to a side of each bar and
the arm 25 then being positioned relative to the
forming ,a part thereof retains the magnets in
lever 28 asshown in Fig. 11.
place within the bar. Energization of the mag
The lower end of the stop lever 28 carries a
nets is controlled by an electric switch 13 indi
.cam roller 4| (Figs. 9, 11 and 18) which operates
against an edge cam 42 mounted on a short jack 60 cated in the wiring diagram in Fig. 18 and opened
and closed at the proper time by a cam 14 carried
on the main drive shaft 49.
transverse vertical web 45 of the main frame 22.
At their lower ends, the lift bars 66 are tied
‘The jack shaft is rotated by a sprocket 46 which
together by a shaft 15 which extends through the
is mounted on the inner end of the shaft. The
ends of the bars. Intermediate the two outer
sprocket is connected by a chain 41 to a driving
pairs of lift bars, the shaft carries a pair of spaced
sprocket 48 (see also Fig. 6) mounted on a main
and parallel arms 16. The lower ends of these
drive shaft 49 carried in a pair of spaced bear
arms are mounted on pivot studs 11 secured into
ings 5| formed on the transverse web 45 of the
eccentric discs 18 carried on the outer ends of
main frame 22.
The main drive shaft 49 is rotated by a sprocket 70 the main drive shaft 49.
Hence when the main drive shaft 49 rotates
52 (Fig. 6) carried loosely on the shaft. This
through its one-revolution cycle it raises the lift
sprocket is connected by a chain 53 to a driving
bars through an upward or stacking stroke and
sprocket 54 mounted on a rotor shaft 55 of a
then lowers them to their original position
combined electric motor and speed. reducer unit
56. The motor and speed reducer unit operate 76 through a return stroke by the action of the
shaft 43 carried in a bearing 44 formed on a
:eccentrici discs 18. andzthearmsa‘l?h {At theihe'gin
ning of: thefstacking stroke, 'thelswitchucamxll
i not stopatethezend ofh-thevcyclel-but continues
von‘the new cycleas soon-;_as:.the preceding cycle
‘turning with: the _ shaft. :immediately .. closes _;the
is completed.
‘. ele'ctricswitchi ;'l 3: and thus energizes the. electro
i-magnetsi ‘H. .The energized magnets attract the _
cans~aAxthe1r=resting :on: the table 23 .and hold
them with their .openends against thelift bars.
~As the lift bars :r-iseithroughztheir. stackingstroke,
:the row . of cans, lift bars gis .ele
Hence if. su?'icient. cans: are. avail
~ able practically continuous operatiomofithez-ma
chine maybe had.
Whenthe second rowofcansiszabout to be
elevated into‘ position in front-ofrlthei mouldfD,
the magnets. 32 in the holding. .plates?t are-ide
‘energizedsimultaneously :withthe energizing of
.vtaedaboveithe table: 23 .to aposition :in “front
i the magnets. ‘H. in rthe .liftlbars 66. ‘Hence: the
_ of the mould ‘D. ‘ 'Here they.» are. clear . of. the. next
magnetic hold on the-cans-in the elevated.‘ ?rst
row is. transferred’ from : :theeholdingv plates 18 l
. row. of. incoming canswhi'chi-mmediately roll: into
placeonthe tablezassoonas the cans just lifted
to the lift bars at the same time thatiithei‘lift
barspick up. the newly. completed: row of: cans
At the end of the up or stacking stroke-of the F5 onthe table. Thusiwhentheilift bars>moveup
are outoffthe way.
:lift'bars ' 6.6 r. and. . just; before .the bars :.start to
‘ through: their. second stacking..stroke,..=theyiilift
xreturntostheir- originallowered position,ithe. mag
.the bottom. rowof cans .into theelevatedaposi
-.netic .hold. on .thewrow of: elevated . cans is .trans
. ;tionv formerly. occupiedby the: ?rst row» and simul
:ferred from theilifteribars ‘to. aplurality. of inter
.taneously lift the. :?rst row to a .stillhigheriele
.mediate "'T1-shaped .auxiliary magnetic . holding I so vation.
.platessBl. :Theseplates retain the
elevated. position while lthe'liftba'rs return. ‘The
Upon reaching these neweleva'tions the mag
netic. holding poweragain is transferred. from
the lift bars 66 to the holdingplateslBl :by- (the
.ldeenergization-of themagnetsf ll anditheeener
.holding plates;8l_ are;;disposed between ‘the lifter
. bars inxparallelism .therewith. '_.'I‘hey. extend. .ver
v.izically-for. the full height of. the can mould .Dand
are located. directly; infront; of this. mould.
'. gization. of. ‘the :magnets . 32,-: as above explained.
".The .inner .faces of.;the holding plates.n8 lnare. in
.by...the holding plates 8|. and leaves athelift'ibars
aThis leavesboth rowsof elevated cans suspended
.averticalplane and. are in the
.66 freeto return for-another row.
sameverticalplane"with theinner. faces of the
mlifterbars 6,6. These;plate...inner faces arethus 30
adj acent; the- open . ends _.of- .the cans when the
latter. are lifted alongside; the. ,platesinto their
. elevatedposition. ,Theholdingplates. extend out
wardly inthe front. of .thermachine a. consider
.able distance beyondthe .lift barswas 'best- seen
in -~F_'igs.. ‘7,; and 9. The. outer Vertical edges of
“these -;_plates ‘Y are maintained in spaced relation
.by a.;plurality of rows .Mofnormally deenergized
rcylindrical‘lelectro-rnagnetse82. jlfie rods 83BX
.' Thereafter a ‘the lifting. cycle. .is: repeated-rand
. as- shown . by the diagrams‘rin'='Figs.i 312- .to 'l7,l:in
-clu.sive,:- the rows ofecans are lprogressivelyvlele
vated. and stacked; .the zmasslcof cansa‘alternately
clinging- :to ‘the holdingplatesv 8 l - and to the lift
.ing. bars; 68. It: should". benotedi that all~rows
35 of cans move upwardlydn. spacedwrelation‘forrthe _
?rst few. lifting actions.
3 In .the :instant case, where: six rows==ot cans
;make upithe full‘layenunitgithis :spacedlifting
takes placefor the-?rstvioun-rows. ' The-.toplrow
tendacross the entire number of plates and are 40 of cans reaches the :top-of the mould (Fig. 1'16)
in.;the same vertical plane. .-Eac_h rod passes
before theeend of’the'?fth-stackingestroke (of
through arow of the magnets and ties the plates
the lift’ barsleii. :Overhan'gingguide barsorcan
together. The magnetsare energizedand deen
.stopelementstii? forming theroof of the-mould
ergized byan electric switch;84 (Fig. 18) which
JD prevent the full lifting-re?ector ‘the lift bars
is opened and closed at the proper time by an-edge
on ‘the cans at this'itime-and hold'ithe top row
cam 85 (Fig. 18) mounted .onthe main drive
ofcans in-proper lposition. On this strokee‘the
shaft. 49.
:second rowidown- fromithe :top engages against
. After a row of cans. has been lifted and just
ithertop row-and comes‘ into-proper=~staggered
before the lift barstt start to return totheir
:relation. therewith during» the upward" travel!‘ of
originallowered position,.the, switch 84 is closed
the lift bars on this stroke.
This vise-broiight
and ‘the holding magnetstz are energized. The
magnetic ?elds setup in‘the‘faces of the holding
platesfsiv by these magnets‘ hold the elevated
~ward movementiby the bars 85. » On‘ the sixth
cans against them. "The magnetsi'll .in the lift
bars are deenergized and thus release'their hold
spaces between the remaining rows of» cans are
on ‘the cans. :This is'what, constitutes the trans
about‘. by the rising‘ liftl-barsi- 66 ‘slipping-along
the. cans which have-“been spreventedifromlaup
stacking. stroke of='the'~lift1 bars .'(F'ig.~"1'7)‘=‘the
completely closed as “themovingrows progres
"fer' ofmagn‘etic holding power from the bars to
:sively engage against the-stopped rows. ‘ ~In-;t_his
'they plates as mentioned above. The cans ‘then
: way- the -full ‘assemblage’ of a Jlayer unit of cans
remain-in-their elevated position b'eing'held‘ by
Y su?icient to ?ll the —mold ‘D -is~co_mpleted.
the holding plateswhile the lift bars return to 60
Transfer ofv the assembled layer-unit of cans
pickup another‘row of cans.
Atv the time the liftbars '66 return‘ to'fully
4A into the mould'iD is brought about‘by a*1ongi—
"tudinal ~-.h0rizontal movement'of the-holding
lowered - position, thennain- drive - shaft ?e'has
.platesl8l while the lift/bars?’ GG-are-returningto
just-completed its onerevolution ‘cycle and both
their lowered position after‘ delivering the sixth
barsand shaft come to\~rest. This completes G in rowof-cans-to ‘the holding‘plates. ~‘For thispur
the-cycleof operation-0f lifting one row of cans.
:pose the two outenholding-plates, one on each
~If there are sufficient cans‘ on the~table~23qto
make up:a new rowlbefore the imainldrive shaft
‘side-of the-machine, ‘are equipped with slide
brackets-88 (Figs. 5-to Sand 11). "These brackets
have longitudinal ~slidewaysi~89 in wwhich ‘sta
49 completesits cycle,»v the pressure of thecans
will close the stop switch 35 before the lift bars 70 tionary-gibs- 9i (see-also‘~~-Figs.~7, Sand 11) are ‘
66 have completed their return stroke and hence
located. Gibs 9! are formed on the outersur
the clutch solenoidt3 will be already energized
faces of the {two side irames'of them-ain'frame
and theclutch ?nger. t! alreadyactuated to start
~ 22 and provide tracks "along which slide ' the
‘ a new cycle just as. .soonas the old cycle iscom
. brackets 88.
pleted. ..In that. event the main driveshaft does' 75 'r’I-‘he slide bracketse88~are= connected?» by links
93 (Figs. 5, 6, '7, 8 and 11) to the upper ends
of a pair of vertically disposed levers 94 which
are mounted on the ends of a rocker shaft 96.
This shaft extends across the machine and is
carried in bearings 91 formed in the main frame
22. Within the frame, the rocker shaft carries
an arm 98 (see Figs. 9, 11 and 18) having its
outer end pivotally connected to a crank 93
gizing of ‘the magnets releases the cans from
the holding plates, the cans becoming seated in
the mould. The deenergizing of the magnets is
e?ected by the opening of a normally closed
electric switch I25 (Fig. 18) which is controlled
by an edge cam I26 (see also Fig. 11) carried
on the inner end of the short shaft I03.
As soon as the cans are released from the hold
ing plates 81, these plates move outwardly
mounted on a pivot stud IllI secured in an ec
centric disc I02. The disc is mounted on a short 10 through a return stroke and come to rest in
shaft I03 carried in a pair of spaced bearings
I04 formed on the transverse web 45 of the main
frame 22.
The short shaft I03 is normally stationary
their original position adjacent the lift bars 66.
They remain in this position while cooperating
with the lift bars in building up another layer
unit- of cans for the subsequent insertion into
but once for every layer unit of cans formed in 15 the mould.
the stacker section of the machine, the shaft
is rotated through a one revolution cycle. For
this purpose the shaft carries a loose hub having
formed thereon a small sprocket I05 (Figs. 11 and
The can mould D comprises the overhanging
guide bars 86 and a plurality of horizontally
disposed plates I3I and two corner members I32
(see Figs. 9 and 11). The inner ends of the
18) and a large sprocket I06. The large sprocket 20 plates and corner members are secured to the
is connected by a chain I0‘! to a driving sprocket
I08 mounted on the main drive shaft 40 ad“
main frame 22.
These plates and members are
arranged so as to surround and set off 2. rec
jacent the driving sprocket 52.
tangular area which is substantially equal to
that occupied by the full number of cans to be
the sprocket I06 for rotating‘ the shaft is effected 25 packed into a paper bag B. The plates and
corner members are disposed in spaced and par
by way of a suitable one-revolution clutch III
allel relation with their edges beveled and curved
(Fig. 18) similar to the drive shaft clutch 5‘I
so as to lit and properly hold the cans of each
hereinbefore described. The clutch III includes
a driving element II2 keyed onto the short shaft
layer unit in their staggered and nested rela
Connection between the short shaft I03 and
and a driven element II3 formed on the small 30 tion. The two corner members I32 are located
sprocket I05. The clutch is operated by a
in diagonally disposed corners and are formed
pivoted clutch ?nger II4 which is actuated by
with interior locating surfaces I33 to ?t the
can pattern, as best shown in Figs. 9, 11 and 17.
The outer ends of the mould plates I3I and
corner members I32 project beyond the ma
chine frame for a distance equal to the depth
of the bag B into the cans are to be packed.
The bag is stretched over this mould, as best
shown in Fig. 1, either while the mould is being
on a stub shaft I2I carried in a bearing I22 41) ?lled or after it is ?lled. Hence when the mould
formed on the transverse web 45 of the main
is ?lled with cans, by the repeated pushing
frame 22. Theshaft is periodically rotated by
movement of the holding plates BI as has been
a gear I23 (see also Figs. 9 and 11) which is
explained, the bag or package with its load of
mounted on the outer end of the shaft and
cans may be rapidly stripped off in any suitable
which meshes with a pinion I24 mounted on
manner and carried away for sealing to condi
the outer end of the jack shaft 43. The gear
tion it for shipping or storage.
I23 is designed to make one revolution for each
As each layer unit of cans A is placed within
layer unit of cans, six rows while the gear pinion
the mould D a sheet E of ?bre, as for example
I24 makes one half revolution for each row of
heavy paper or cardboard, is placed in the mould
a movable element I I5 of a normally deenergized
electric solenoid II6 mounted on the transverse
web 45 of the main frame 22.
Energization of the clutch solenoid I I6 is
brought about by an electric switch II'I (Fig.
18) which is opened and closed at the proper
time by an edge cam II8. The cam is mounted
cans elevated.
Hence when a full layer unit of cans has been
stacked in position in front of the mould D,
by the combined action of the lift bars 60 and
the holding plates BI, the gear I23 has been ro
tated sui?ciently to move the cam II8 which in ,
turn closes the switch Ill. The energizes the
clutch solenoid I I6 and thus throws in the clutch
III. This operation of the clutch rotates the
short shaft I03 through one revolution before
adjacent one face of the cans. This sheet serves
as a spacer or separator element to keep the
layers of cans separated to avoid damage to the
cans and prevent their shifting out of place
while in the bag.
The separator sheet E is cut off from a roll F
(Figs. 1, 5 and 9) of ?bre strip stock supported
on an axle I35 the ends of which are carried in
a pair of brackets I36 secured to the main frame
the clutch again becomes disconnected.
60 22. The strip of ?bre from the roll extends
vertically toward the top of the machine ad
During this revolution ofpthe short shaft, the
jacent the outer ends of the holding plates BI,
eccentric I02 mounted thereon through its de
and is supported on a pair of spaced ?anged
scribed connections with the holding plates 8i,
idler rollers I4I, I42 which extend across the
shifts the plates horizontally as mentioned above
through a can pushing stroke. This deposits 65 machine. The rollers I4I, I42 are mounted on
idler shafts I43 carried in bearings I44 formed
the mass of cans clinging to the plates into the
in side brackets I45 (see also Fig. 11) bolted to
mould D as a layer unit. The holding plates
the top of the main frame 22. There is a
move the cans into the mould from the position
bracket on each side of the machine.
shown in Fig. 7 to that shown in Fig. 8, which
The leading end of the strip of ?bre extends
distance is equal to the length of the cans plus
between a pair of normally stationary feeding
a slight overthrow for clearance purposes.
rollers I48, I49 mounted on respective shafts
When the layer unit of cans is fully within
I5I, I52 which extend across the machine. The
the mould, as when the holding plates 8| reach
shaft I5I is carried in bearings I53 formed in
the innermost extent of their pushing stroke,
the magnets 82 are deenergized. This deener 75 the side brackets I45. The roller I49 serves as a
pressure‘froller'sirand l:aits'fsh'aftrffl 52 r‘?siicarriedi tin-ta";
pair of slide blocks I54 mounted in slideways'
I55 formed 15in‘ auxiliary i-"biiackets'nil 56v -;-bolted to
the» top‘rof Jthe:.-main1;framee22 adjacent the
brackets ‘ I45‘; Adjustingiiscrewssl 51 ‘carried: in
mounted ‘on: the @transverse web 145' of ‘the-‘main:
Energization-eof- the clutch solenoid ISI- 7 is’
brought about by the operation ofrfan ‘electric?
switch.v I92-(Fig.- 18) which'is opened and closed
the auxiliary ‘brackets "and: engaging :Yagain‘st the ‘
at :thev proper'time“ by an-edge-‘cam I93; The
slide .blocks' provide for: 'adjustihgilfthe' 'rpressureé"
cam ismo-unted on the inner {end of the stub,
exerted by ' the‘ :roller ': I49 "ragainstfr-thee strip ixof=
?bre as it' is fed ‘by .the’feed-rollers;
The speed relation- between'tthe sprocket shaft
In operationrthe 'feediroller's I48‘, I49tfeed the? 10 I81 and the feed-rollers I48,‘ I49 is such that a
leading end I of the I strip‘iof1 ?bre “downrin’iront
length of thewstrip' of’ ?bre required to provide
of ‘the; mould D" into ‘the “space between. a layer.
aseparator sheet'Ei is fed into place adjacent the
unit ‘of cans in 'the'm'ould:;and="a 1ayer<~:unit>».or
layer (unit’ of I cans in the mould Br during‘ a _ par- ~
tial rotation‘of "the'sprocket shaft; During the]
the 1lift bars 66 andrthev'holding platesr?lu- To2 151 remainder/‘of the-one-revolution cycle of ‘the
feedthe strip’ the 'feed :rollers" are rotated in; uni-s
sprocket shaft, the/separator sheet F is‘ severed
cans being stacked: by‘ ‘the'tcombinedr‘actionI of >
son by ,a ‘pair 'offmeshirlg :spur 'gearst':-I6I>,V=. I62:
from- the strip, ‘
mounted ‘on the ends-zofrithelrolleri‘shafts ;I5I~,‘2
During the separator sheet cutting operation‘
the feedirollers I 48; I49-come to rest while the
The-"feed 1‘ollers"I48,?: I49 are‘driven ‘by an in-' 20 sprocket shaft IBI'cOntinuesto rotate, and they
terrupted gear mechanism-Which ‘permits inter;
remain stationary until thenext cycle of 'oper->
ruption of the "feeding lactio'n ‘while the separator
ation’of' the sprocket shaft. This. stopping of '
sheet‘ is‘ cut offsv This-rism'echanismrrincludes"a
the ‘feed‘rollers'isieifected by themutilated gear
tight gear-J63- (Figs.-1,-.2 and"'3) iwhich'is keyedi
to the feed roller 'shaft 1 5I~and la‘ looseigear :I64’
whiohis semi-loosely-mounted on the shaft ad-:
jacent the vtight 'gearsr Aicollar' :‘I 65¥pinnedto 'the'
I‘II, as duringits rotation by'the ‘sprocket shaft;
it brings'thev toothless, recessed area I'I2 into
position'adjacent the~tight gear I63 onthe'feed‘
endof» the shaft‘ ike'eps-~the=' .place
roller shaft 1 5 I. This recessed area extends half
wayacross the faoe'ofF-the mutilated gear’ I'II'
thereon. _ The loose 'gear,.1is-formed 'with’a curved
soa'éthat r during "the ' passage ' of : this‘ area past
slot I66 and arlpin I6‘! securedwin the tightsgear 30 the tight gear I63, the latter gear will not’be':
I63 projects intoith'e‘slot andalimitsi‘th'e- amount
rotatedrbut the loose vigear “I 64""lwill' continue .to
of rotative movement ‘relative to I- the ‘tight gear,
rotate: It is this" halting'vofthe tight gear I63“
as I will The ;explained1hereinafter;
that ‘stops ‘the ‘feeding'action'ofsthe feed rollers;
A conventionalihand brake‘il?8wsurrounds' the
During the continued rotation”v of. the loose gear
hub'iofv ‘the tight gearrand?appliesw- a pressure.
I64 withithe mutilated'gear I'II,.while the‘tight
thereon :"to' "holdthe ' ‘feed’ ~.rollers"rnormally z-sta>-~
gear I63-‘remainsstationary, the curved slot‘l66
tionary. This-stops; rotation of'the%rollers at»
in the loose gear is rotated so that its leading
the termination ofiamsheetvfeeding‘; operation:
end ‘moves'away from the'pin I61 in" the now
This brake is secured'by :a-1studf I69‘rto the adja-v
stationary tight gear." Rotation of the loose gear
cent side bracket 145:
continues until the trailing end of the curved slot
The interruptedr gear‘ mechan ism- also includes
l?'Iicomes-‘into- engagement-with the pin I 6'I.='
a mutilated drive‘ gearflll'whaving two:adjacent:
This’is-the end of 'thecycleof-Ioperation of the
toothless recessed areas: I12; ‘I13 <forme'd @in-v its
sprocket shaft I8I‘». However, the length of the‘
periphery; asbest shown in‘ Figs: 2'-and' 3.w~ Such-1
curved slot I66 isrsuch that contact of thepin
agear cooperatesrwith and 'drives-the-tight and;
I61 with the: trailing end of the slot,'brings the
loose gears I63, I54" at certain periods.’ The
gear teeth of the loose gear I54 into‘transverse
mutilated ‘gear III is: mounted 0115 one”; endvofwa»
alignment with the teeth on ‘the tight gear I63.
cross shaft I'I5"(se'e also Fig. -ll.)fwl'i'ich.ziswcar
ri‘ed ' in bearings I ‘I6 'fo‘rmed'in the side : brackets
I45. The opposite endiof the crosséshaft carries-T I
aiisprocket I‘I'I (see-also Fig;{5) ‘which-is driven
Hence upon rotation of the‘mutilated gear III
at the "beginningof the next following cycle of
operation; the‘ ‘teeth of this gearat the trailing‘
by‘ a ‘ chain 1" I 'IBvIwhich- ‘extends *dowm alongside
end of the recessed area I'IZ will properlymesh
the main fra1ne“22>.l At'ith‘e"'bottoimwhainI":I‘I8=
operates‘over‘r a1‘ sprocket? I'IQI'moUnted on~a<
withithe teeth'onthe stationary tight gear I63
and thus will‘ pick? up or ‘start rotating this gear‘
the proper timed relation.
The mutilated gear I'II disengages theloose
The sprocket ‘shaft TI 8 I‘ ‘(Figs- 11) ‘extends across
gear. I64-at'the same vtimezit picks up the tight
the vmachine and is‘carriedfinibearings .I 82' formed
gear I63 to effect the rotation of the feed'rolls
in ‘the main frame 22;: This vshaft ‘carries-a dri-v
sprocket ‘shaft I8 I ;~. ,
I48, I49 for the feeding of a subsequent separator
which is rotated-bye chain-connection‘ I84-vwith‘ 60 sheetE. This disengagementis brought about
the small “sprocket il 05 on; the 'icanpusher ‘short
byv the bringing of the toothless,’ recessed area
shaft I63;
I'I3~ofv the :mutilated gear into place adjacent the
The sprocketshaJf-t -~I SI 'is'rnormally stationary
loose gear; While this recessed area-is passing
but is rotated‘ througha .one-:revolutionwcycle '
the loose gear, there», is ‘no engagement between
ing :sprock'e t- ~ I 83'Twhic‘h is looseronwtheshaft and
once: for every'ilayerl-unit- of cans=>A inserted :into 65 the loose gearand the mutilated gear.v Hence the
the mould'D; Rotation 1of the~rshaft> is: effected
loose gear temporarily stops rotating. '
through a suitable:2 one+revolutionwclutch I85
During this stationary period of the loose gear,
(Figs; 11 and 18) which: is 4" similar :to the: other
the pin- I61 in the‘now rotating ‘tightgear ‘I631
two-clutches 51,‘ I I I hereinbefore explained. The
travels, along the curved‘ slot ‘‘in- the-‘loose gear
clutch I85 includesiadriving:memberv I86-1'keyed 70 and thus movesaway-from the'trailing end'of
onto the sprocket: shaft =and‘r-av-driven imember
the slot toward the leading end. When the pin:
I83" formed onthe-sprockett-IIIM The clutch-is ‘ engages the-‘leading end of'the slot,’ the loose gear:
operated ;by;~a~* pivotally: mounted";- clutch- ?nger
is'again in its original position adjacent the tight‘
I83 ‘which is actuated by asmovableelement I86
gear; with the teethof .both gearsin transverse
of ‘a normally deenergized aeleetricwsolenoidal BIL 75wal'ignm'enti-e Henoef-when thesteethiof» the mutt;
circuit is broken and the magnets become de
lated gear I‘II again come into engagement with
the loose gear they will be in proper meshing
The magnets 82 of ‘the holding bars 8I are
position. In this manner temporary halting of
energized and deenergized at the proper time
the feed rollers I48, I59 may be brought about
by a circuit N which includes the cam operated
with continued operation of the driving gears.
normally open switch 84 and the normally closed
While the feeding rollers I48, I49 and the strip
breaker switch I 25. When the cam switch 84
of ?bre is at rest, after a predetermined length
is closed electric energy from the main lead wire
of the strip has been fed into position to provide
225 passes along a connecting wire 24I through
a separator sheet E, the sheet is cut off. This is
effected by a movable cut-off knife I95 (Fig. 9) 10 the magnets 82, along a connecting wire 242,
through the breaker switch I25, a wire 243, cam
cooperating with a stationary cut-off knife I96
switch 84, returning by a wire 244 to the return
located directly below the feeding rollers and be
lead wire 226. Electric energy passing along this
tween which the strip passes. The ends of the
circuit energizes the magnets 82. It is this energy
stationary knife are secured in the auxiliary
that is utilized to hold the cans on the holding
brackets I56. The ends of the movable knife I95
bars BI while the lift bars 65 return to pick up
are bolted to slide blocks I 91 (see also Fig. 11)
and elevate the rows of cans from the machine
which operate in horizontal slideways I98 formed
table 23. When the cam switch 84 is opened the
in the brackets I45.
circuit is broken and the magnets 82 thereupon
The movable knife I95 is actuated through a
‘become deenergized. This is done to release
forward or cutting stroke (toward the right as
the cans to the lift bars 66 so that they may be
viewed in Fig. 9) and thence through a return
elevated, as hereinbefore explained.
stroke by a pair of swing arms 20I located one
This electric energy passing along the circuit N
adjacent the inner face of each of the brackets
is also utilized to hold the cans on the holding
I45. These swing arms are mounted on a cross
shaft 202 the ends of which are carried in bear- ' ‘
bars BI while they are being inserted into the
can mould D. In this case, however, the circuit
is broken earlier in the stacking cycle so that the
cans will be released when deposited in the mould.
This is ‘brought about before the regular open
ing of the can switch 84 and is effected by the
opening of the breaker switch I25.
ings 203 formed in the brackets I45. The swing
arms extend down adjacent the slide blocks I55
and are formed with forked ends ‘or clevises 204
which straddle actuating pins 205 secured in the
slide blocks.
Intermediate its length one of the swing arms
2III carries a cam roller 2E8 which operates
against an edge cam 209 mounted on and rotated
Horizontal movement of the holding bars BI,
brought about by actuation of the clutch II I and
the resulting rotation of the short shaft IE3 is
with the mutilated gear shaft I‘I5. Springs 2I‘I
carried on pins 2| 2 secured in the brackets I45
connect with the slide blocks I97 and keep the
cam roller 208 in engagement With its earn 289.
It is this cut off mechanism that severs the sepa
rator sheet E from the strip. After severance
effected by a circuit 0 which includes the nor
the sheet falls into place in the can mould D ~
in front of the adjacent layer of cans therein
in readiness to receive the next layer unit when
mally deenergized clutch solenoid IIS and the
cam operated normally open switch II‘I. When
the switch I I1 is closed, electric energy from the
main lead wire 225 passes along a connecting
wire 245, through the solenoid II 5, a wire 2“,
switch III, and a connecting wire 248 returning
to the return lead Wire 226. It is the electric
that unit is assembled in the stacking portion
energy that passes along this circuit that ener
of the machine.
Reference should now be had to the wiring
gizes the clutch solenoid I I6 and thereby through
the one-revolution clutch I I I sets the short shaft
I03 in motion. Opening of the cam switch III
occurs before the end of the one-revolution cycle
diagram shown in Fig. 18. In the machine the
various electric devices are supplied with electric
energy by way of a main lead wire 225 and a
of the short shaft I03, and thereby deenergizes
the solenoid before the end of the cycle to insure
completion of only one cycle.
return lead wire 226 which connect with opposite
sides of a suitable supply of electric energy, such '
as a generator 221.
_ The separator sheet cutting off movement
effected by the clutch cam I85 and the sprocket
shaft I8I is brought about through a circuit P
rows of cans into position as each row is assem
which includes the normally deenergized clutch
bled on the machine table 23 is effected by a
solenoid I9I and the cam operated normally open
circuit L which includes the normally open stop
switch I92. When the switch I92 is closed electric
switch 35 and the normally deenergized clutch
energy from the main lead wire 225 passes along
solenoid 63. When the stop switch 35 is closed,
a connecting wire 25 I, through the clutch solenoid
electric energy from the generator 227 ?ows along
I9I, and returning by a wire 253 to the return
main lead wire 225, a connecting wire 231, sole
noid 83, a connecting wire 232, clcsed switch 35, 60 lead wire 226. Electric energy passing along this
circuit energizes the clutch solenoid IBI and thus
a connecting wire 233 to the return lead wire
throws in the cut-off clutch I85 for a one-revolu
226. Electric energy passing along this circuit
tion cycle. Before the completion of this cycle
energizes the clutch solenoid 53 which actuates
the switch I92 opens, and this deenergizes the
the main shaft clutch 51 (Fig. 6) .
solenoid I BI and thus permits of the stopping
Energization and deenergization of the electro
of the sprocket shaft I8I at the end of the cycle.
magnets ‘II in the lift bars I55 is effected through
Setting of the machine in motion to stack the
a circuit M which includes the cam operated nor
This completes the wiring diagram.
mally open switch ‘I3. When the switch 13 is
closed electric energy from the main lead wire
225 passes along a connecting wire 235, the mag
nets ‘II, a connecting wire 231, closed switch ‘I3,
returning by way of a connecting wire 238 to
the return lead wire 226. Electric energy passing
It is thought that the invention and many
of its attendant advantages will be understood
from the foregoing description, and it will be
apparent that various changes may be made in
the form, construction and arrangement of the
parts without departing from the spirit and
scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its
advantages, the form hereinbefore
along this circuit energizes the magnets ‘II.
When the switch ‘I3 is opened by the cam‘ ‘I4 the
described vIbeingi merely: a7 preferredi'embodimentr
thedassemblageiof ‘saidlicontainersvadjacentiisaidii
' package holding_"means,"1and'limeansifforimovingif
I ‘enim :
saidfauxiliary magneticicontainer:holding means
1." In" a machine “for packaging? metalliefcom»
tainers,'~ the combination of ‘ v7a='“support"v-for-' the-1
to‘ shift‘ the ' unit? of elevated-containersifroini'itsi
containers; means for holding afpack'age-to re=~
package? holding. '1 means. ;.
assembledxpositicn into itheipackag'e'lheldiibyisaidf
ceive said ' contain'era-l magnetic ‘means movable"
5.1 In: a .imacliine"cforzpackagingvmetallic ‘c'o'n-v'
relativeto said supporti-forlmoving ‘containers
taine'rs‘,i- the'icombinati'onif of? a'Jlsuppor-t' orfth‘ei
from said- support-‘into a-“positi'o'n adjacent said5
containers, vmeans Pfor: 'holdi'ngi'a': packa'géiitd'reLP
package holding ‘means,’ auxiliary magneticmeansh 10 ceive ‘said-‘fcont‘airi'ers; "magnetic 'fe‘edl'm'e-ans move‘
for holding the containers ‘in their displaced ‘posii
able-‘relative “to i‘ said; ' support" for 'm'o'vin‘gi‘lconl‘z
tion untilia unit'of a phiralityr'ofj the containers
tainersiifromllsaid'ssupporti into? aapositionlLa'dj‘ae-v
cent‘saidl-package' h'oldingimeans,ii auxiliarwnage:
is -' assembled adjacent ‘- said package '11 holding
means, means for moving the-‘unit of-‘r'conta-iner‘s'
netici' ‘feed! means: for fiholdiiigfitthe ?cQntainer‘s-Rim
from ‘its assembled position intor-theY-p'a-ckage held
15 their displacedlpositibn “untilfa' ‘unit'of£a;p1ura .‘
by ‘said-package‘ - holding-meansgi-l and "means:- for
rendering-‘said magnetidmeans’ effective tolrei'
lease said containers after moving-the» contain'->
ity of ‘the containers isi‘assemble‘df adjacent said?
package holding meanalmeans forii‘movingi‘ithe
unit‘of containers i-ifr‘omf its, assembledaspos‘iti‘on?
into " the 7 package - held-1 by "said fpa‘ck'agei holding
magnetic means‘.
20: means; means i for deenergizing1::v said :nragneti'ci
2. In a machineefo'r packagingmetallie cone
feed? means i after?‘ the containerstlhave beenien‘pl
ta'in'e'rs,~~the combination-10f a support'foritlie con~
ta'iners; movable stop: means*disposedéadjacentj
said support‘ for engaging and-‘aligning:succesl
sive" rows of- containerslion the-"support’lin'f'relal
tively offset- positions-itch“ e?ect‘ a‘ staggered row»
layout relation of the 'cont'ainerspmea‘ns forh‘oldi
gaged bi’ saidimagnetic-Pholdirig meansnandv
means"‘for“ effecting; the‘ moving'kiofith'e ‘rass‘eni
bled u‘n'itl‘of i‘conta‘iners’ iiniftifm'e lwi‘ththe fa'sse'm
blage-of the'ifcontainers iinto'ftne'iunitiu
6. In - a fmachine’ for Jpacka‘gin'gl "metalli'c'i cone;
ing a package tore'ceiVe -‘said~'containers; magnetic‘
tain'ers",'l the" combination of ii'aiasupport for sth‘e
containers; means lfor'lholdin‘gfia ipackage=ito= ‘ire’:
means movable f'rel‘a‘tive lto said’sdppbrt‘for 'eie‘f
ceive*said= containers: a1magnetidfeedi'barimove"
vating successive rows - of v"cor'itainers fromlsa'id‘
able relative'i‘to ( said-support" for'f'elevatingifcon-i
support > into‘ a ~ position '- adj acent” said 1‘ package
tainersffromisaid "'suppo‘rt'dntoia ositro‘n adjai-l
holding‘means; anxiliaryfmag-netic means» for
holding ' the containers ‘in their; elevatediiposi'é
tion'until a ~‘uni't 'of' a; plurality 'of ‘the "containers,
cent‘ said J‘ package 1 holdingime nsiran auxiliaryl
magnetic " plate? 5 disposed: adjacent‘ L-the pathlv of‘
travel".- of; said-limagnetic tbarilforilholdingf= thei'cone
is" assembled-7 adjacent" said package‘ h‘oldingl 35" tainers‘x' in ‘their; el'evatediz- position; until.‘ 5 at; unit:
means‘, and ‘means-1' for 'mov-ing-J‘said '1 auxiliary >
ofza'plnrality of 'contain'ers’is' assembled ad acentii
magnetic container ‘holding? means to shift the
said package holdingfme'ansf; an'd'im’e‘ans’éfdrimovl“
ing vthe elevated ‘unit-"of: containers ->from:its=1asi-'§
elevated unit of containers @from- its“ assembled
position into- the ~ package vh'el(;l>"-bv- ‘said ‘package
holding - means.
3. In- a' machine for packaging»‘metallicicone
tainers; the- combination‘ of’a support"'-for-*the
containers,v means 7' for‘! hol'dingla Lpa'ckag‘e' to re
ceive' said ‘containers; magnetic means'l movable
relative "to ‘said ‘support for" elevating containers’
from said ‘support into-"a position adjacent said‘
package holding‘ means; auxiliary"= magnetic;
means for holding; the 'containers'iiinitheir'r'elee‘
vated position untili a‘unit' Poi-a plurality of iconli
ta'iners‘v is assembled adjacent said ‘package/hold;
sembl'e‘d-Tposition'iinto the p‘ackageiiheldr byx-‘sai'di
package "holdinglmeanse?
'7." In a ‘machine i-for‘ packaging i-metallic icon-‘
tainers, ‘the combination ‘~ofl v‘a -1supp'or1ti’- forlv the
containers, "means ion hbldiiigia‘ packager'to re:
ceiv'esalid containers; a>¥pliiralit1y ‘offmagn‘eti'c
feed bars movable relative‘:tolsaidf-isupport fo'n
shifting'rows' oft: containers‘ froml‘sa‘id isdppo'i‘tY
into a position“ adjacent said‘- package‘holdingi
means, ' a plurality of'‘ auxiliary-'1magneticgplates
disposed adjacent and-"between"~saidf magnetic
ing means,~ means- for moving - said 'auxiliar-ym'agi'
bars and engageable;vwi'thfrtlie'i-rowsiof shifted‘
containers‘Ifor [email protected] i “Ya-predetermined
netic ~ container holding; means‘ to -' shift'?the -' unit‘
shifted " position! until‘ a“ unit-‘10f; "a" plurality i of
of‘ containers“ from~ its I assembledllposit'ioir 1mm c
the'package held by said package holding means;
means for feeding a‘strip- of sheet jmatérialiritd
position betweenv units-of- containers-iinserted‘
into the package, and meansiforasevering-irom
said strip a'separator ‘sheet for 'theunit‘i of; cone
tainers in the - package‘.
4i~In a machinefor- packagingmetalliecom
rows - or containers‘,1 is assembled?" adjacent 11said
package holding 1-means, and means \zfon 'r' shifting
a the! unit vof containers lifromiits' assembled ip'o‘s'i?-‘i
tion ‘into the ‘package heldi'by saidIp'a‘ckage-Tholdi
ing' means. ,
85v In a‘: machine ' for?‘ packaging i Imeta‘llic:com:v
tain‘ers‘, the‘ combination: of; a1- supportzfor the.
containers; means ffOl‘I'hOl'diIig. package‘! toare-a;
tainers,~ the combination of asnppor-t {on the
ceive said-containers,‘ a‘ifeedsbar movable - 'relae
containers, means for holding‘ I ‘a ~package~1to¢re=
ceive '- said? containers,‘ electro-lma'gneticl‘ means
movable - relative tov - said '51 support’ Yifor‘ elevating
tive'i toiwi said: support _.for‘ 'elevatin'gr; containers‘
fronivsaidtsupport' into‘ a "positionradjacent' said‘
package -holding¢.,rneans,- magnetic means 'onvsaid'
containers .from said support'éinto- a positioned?
~ feed; bar rfortholdinglzthe rcontain'ers' ' in :eng-a‘gee
jacent ‘said package holding; means,~1 auxiliary
electro-magnetic means ion hol'dingllthercontaine'
ers‘lin their elevated i-positi‘oni untililza-iiunt iofffa
plurality ' ofv the containers Jisliasseniblédoadj'ae
ment: {with zsaidfifeedzbar during": the . elevating
movement, azholdingg'plate -' disposed adjacentthe
path: ofi-ktravel ‘of said ‘feed bar ‘for holding: the
containers i-in‘their“ elevated position: until-1a unit
cent said package holdingameans, means?forienf-v 70 ofaLa a-plurality -. of :containers' :is->'assemb1‘ed<<adj are:
ergizingyand» deenergizingsaid electr'oerna'gnetid
cent saidfpackage ‘holding. means;- other v‘magne-v
means and! saidv auxiliary," electiio-"nag-netici
tic means on saidrholdingiplate:for-iholdingathe
means in time withthe1~n'iove1ne1'it‘ofi said'iicon'e'l
tainer‘sito ‘transfer the l'mag‘nel?c'i-holdingTTpoW‘eE
containers: thereon» during? the ~: assembling’; of
said : containers; and» meaneI-foi?'shiitin '
from‘ ‘one i-of-l saidtmeans-iilto ;th'e:i-other-£ to? veffect 75 holdingaicplate: with.v zitsltunitiofli: containers‘ rléfiiom"
its assembled position into the package engaged
ceive said containers, a plurality of feed bars
movable relative to said support for shifting rows
of containers from said support into a position
adjacent said package holding means, a plural
ity of electro-magnets disposed within each of
said feed bars for setting up a magnetic ?eld in
by said package holding means.
9. In a machine for packaging metallic con-n
tainers, the combination of a support for the
containers, means for holding a package to re~
ceive said containers, a plurality of feed bars
movable relative to said support for shifting rows
of containers from said support into a position
said feed bars to hold the containers on the bars
during the shifting movement, a plurality of
holding plates disposed adjacent and between
adjacent said package holding means, a plural—
ity of electro-magnets disposed within each of 10 said feed bars for receiving and holding the rows
of shifted containers in their shifted position to
said feed bars for setting up a magnetic ?eld in
build up a unit of a plurality of rows of’ con
said feed bars to holdthe containers on the bars
tainers, a plurality of electro-magnets disposed
during the shifting movement, a plurality of
between said holding plates for setting up a
holding plates disposed adjacent and between
said feed bars for receiving and holding the rows US magnetic field therein to hold the containers on
the plates, means for shifting said holding plates
of shifted containers in their shifted position to
with a unit of containers clinging thereto for
build up a unit of a plurality of rows of con
positioning said containers into the package held
tainers, a plurality of electro-magnets disposed
on said package holding means, and means for
between said holding plates for setting up a mag
netic ?eld therein to hold the containers on the 20 releasing the containers from said holding plates
after positioning in said package.
bars, and means for shifting the unit of con13. In a machine for packaging metallic con
tainers from its assembled position into the
tainers, the combination of a support for the
package held by said package holding means.
containers, means for holding a package to re
10. In a machine for packaging metallic con
tainers, the combination of a support for the 25 ceive said containers, magnetic feed means mov
able relative to said support for moving con
containers, means for holding a package to re
tainers from said support into a position adja
ceive said containers, a plurality of feed bars
cent said package holding means, auxiliary mag
movable relative to said support for shifting rows
netic feed means for holding the moved con
of containers from said support into a position
tainers in their displaced position until a unit
adjacent said package holding means, a plural
of a plurality of the containers is assembled ad
ity of electro-magnets disposed within each of
jacent said package holding means, means for
said feed bars for setting up a magnetic ?eld
moving said auxiliary magnetic feed means with
in said feed bars to hold the containers on the
a unit of containers held thereby for position
bars during the shifting movement, a plurality
of holding plates disposed adjacent and between 35 ing said containers into the package held on said
package holding means, and means for disen
said feed bars ‘for receiving and holding the rows
gaging said ?rst mentioned magnetic means
of shifted containers in their shifted position
from the containers after engagement of said
to build up a unit of a plurality of rows of con
auxiliary magnetic means therewith.
tainers, a plurality of electro-magnets disposed
14. In a machine for packaging metallic con
between said holding plates for setting up a 40
tainers, the combination of a support for the
magnetic ?eld therein to hold the containers
containers, a movable stop element disposed ad
on the plates, means including a source of elec
jacent said support, means for moving said stop
tric energy and electric switches connecting with
element relative to said support for engaging
said magnets for alternately shifting the hold
ing power of said magnets between said bars 45 and aligning successive rows of containers on the
support in relatively offset positions to effect a
and said plates for the shifting and holding of
staggered row layout relation of the containers
said containers to assemble them into a unit,
to be packaged, means for holding a package to
and means for shifting the unit of containers
receive said containers, magnetic means mov-'
from its assembled position into the package
held by said package holding means.
50 able relative to said support for elevating succes
sive rows of containers from said support into
11. In a machine for packaging metallic con
tainers, the combination of a support for the ' a position adjacent said package holding means,
auxiliary magnetic means for holding the con
containers, means for holding a package to re
tainers in their elevated position until a unit of
ceive said containers, a plurality of feed bars
a plurality of the containers is assembled ad
movable relative to said support for shifting rows
jacent said package holding means, and means
of containers from said support into a position
for moving said auxiliary magnetic container
adjacent said package holding means, a plurality
holding means to shift the unit of elevated con
of electro-magnets disposed within each of said
tainers from its assembled position into the
feed bars for setting up a magnetic ?eld in said
feed bars to hold the containers on the bars dur 60 package held by said package holding means.
15. In a machine for packaging metallic con
ing the shifting movement, a plurality of hold
tainers, the combination of a frame, means ad
ing plates disposed adjacent and between said
jacent said frame for introducing containers into
feed bars for receiving and holding the rows of
machine in a continuous procession, a table
shifted containers in their shifted position to
build up a unit of a plurality of rows of con 65 support on said frame for supporting a row of
containers, a pair of cooperating magnetic mem
tainers, a plurality of electro-magnets disposed
bers independently movable relative to each
between said holding plates for setting up a mag
other respectively for elevating containers from
netic ?eld therein to hold the containers on the
said table support to progressively raised posi
bars, and means for shifting said holding plates
with a unit of containers clinging thereto for 70 tions, and for holding the elevated containers
in their elevated positions for assembling a plu
positioning said containers into the package held
rality of containers into a compact unit mass
on said package holding means.
arranged in a predetermined pattern, a mould
12, In a machine for packaging metallic con
disposed adjacent said lifting and holding mem
tainers, the combination of a support for the
containers, means for holding a package to re 16 bers for receiving a unit mass of said contain
ers, said mould supporting a, package for receiv
ing said containers, and means for moving said
magnetic container holding member relative to
said lifting element to insert the unit mass of
containers held thereby into said mould.
The following references are of record in the
?le of this patent:
Phelps __________ __ May 11, 1915 '
Rogers et a1. _____ __ Nov. 27, 1917
Kimball et a1. ____ __ Dec. 28, 1926
Odom __________ __ Mar. 15, 1927
Douglass ________ __ Feb. 24, 1931
Talbot __________ __ Dec. 15, 1931
Mudd ____________ __ Mar. 6,
Mudd ___________ __ Jan. 15,
Kimball __________ __ June 9,
Wood ___________ __ Aug. 26,
Shores __________ __ Mar. 31,
Albertoli _________ __ Apr. 4, 1944,
Socke ____________ .._ May 24, 1949
Schrader _________ __ Dec. 27, 1949
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