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Патент USA US2545232

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March 13, 1951
v. GLUMER ETAL'
2,545,231
CHILD’S RIDING TOY
Filed Jan. 12, 1948
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
3mm
ausiava lzé’iumer
Patented Mar. 13, 1951
2,545,231
OFFICE
UNITED STATES
2,545,231
CHILD’S RIDING TOY
Gustavo Vasquez Glumer and José Mario Romero,
Mexico City, Mexico
'
Application January 12, 1948, Serial No. 1,834,
In Mexico February 19, 1947_
5 Claims. (Cl. 280—1.183)
2
1 ,
further enhancing the imitation of the natural
This invention relates to certain new and useful
improvements in mechanical riding toys, which
comprise a body structure and supporting frame,
riding actions.
-
-
With the above and other objects in view, our
improvements in the mechanical means for the
invention consists in the arrangement, combina- .
more complete utilization of the rider's move
tion and details of construction disclosed in/the
drawings and speci?cation, and then more par
ments. and directional front legs, which combined
provide a mechanical riding toy of more efficient
ticularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings,
design and construction.
'
Known mechanical riding toys lack a body
Figure 1 is a perspective view, partly broken
structure providing adequate support of the leg
frames, resilient means and body shell, said de
signs comprising pivotally mounted legs which
spread apart when the child bounces down and
springs to return the legs to their normal position.
The mechanism is designed to operate by the
difference in the spring tension and the weight
of the child bouncing down, lacking any means
for multiplying and further utilizing the child’s
force, as well as steering the assembly, by the
away and in section, of the skeleton frame struc
ture for a riding toy constructed according‘ to an
embodiment of this invention,
Figure 2 is a fragmentary vertical section of
the frame structure taken substantially on the
line 2—2 of Figure 3,
V
Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
on the line 3-3 of Figure 2,
Figure 4 is a schematic view of the device,
, Figure 5 is a fragmentary vertical section of
20 the lower end of a leg,
displacement of the front legs.
'
Figure 6 is a sectional View taken'on the line
This invention comprises a new combination
6—6 of Figure 5,
Figure '7 is a fragmentary vertical section of
of mechanical means to provide the riding toy
with an e?icient steering system, and lever means
which multiply the child’s force, allowing a per
the ‘front portion of a modi?ed form of this
25 invention,
fect control of the movement of the toy.
Figure 8 is a fragmentary plan view of the
An object of this invention is to provide a rid
ing toy with a front drive comprising its own
‘front portion of another modi?cation of this
resilient means, independent of the frame struc
Referring to the drawings and ?rst to Figures
ture, and rotatably mounted with the front leg
invention.
frames.
_
Another object of this invention is to provide
front directional means which support the resil
ient means used for‘ the operation of the front
legs, said means and legs rotatably mounted on
30
~
7
1- to ?'inclusivefthe numeral Ill designates gen
erally a'frame or chassis structure which includes
a, substantially V-shaped horizontally disposed’
body member I! forming the back of the device.
'The V-shaped body II is extended upwardly as
35 indicated at 12, to provide‘ the neck support and
the frame structure.
the extension or neck forming member l2 at its
Another object of this invention is to provide
‘upper end is bent downwardly and forwardly’ to
front steering means combined with the front
provide a head frame or supporting member l3.
rollers in the leg frames.
__The body II at its rear end is formed with a
A further object of this invention is to provide
the means to steer the riding toy by rotatably 40 "pair of outwardly extending and downwardly
‘curved arms I4 and is formed at its forward end
mounted roller housings, with a lateral displace
with a pair of outwardly extending and down
ment limited by stop pins operating in the front
wardly curved arms l5. ‘ A connecting plate I6
leg structure.
‘
is ?xed. between the lower ends of the arms l4
Another object of this invention is to provide
a combination of pivotally mounted leg structures 45 and the plate I6 is formed in its central portion
with a forwardly extending arm I71.
~
which comprise a leverage system which multi
A pair of rear legs 18 are rockably mounted
plies all the force developed by the child’s ver
~on a pair of pivot members l9 which are carried
tical displacement.
,
. A further object of this invention is to provide
a combination of pivotally mounted leg structures
and resilient means acting on said structures,
which provide a smooth and'easy movement of
the legs and displacement of the riding toy.
Still a further object of this invention is to
I provide in a riding toy, mechanical steering means '
‘controlled and operated by the reins-of the toy,
by the lower ends of the arms l4, and the legs
H! are extendedforwardly from the pivot mem
bers l9, as indicated at 20. vThe extensions 26'
are connected together by means of a connecting
'bar 2!, and a pair of stirrups 22 are dependingly
secured to the forward end portions of the ex
tensions or arms 20.
_
The legs [8 which are adapted to rock in unison
2,545,231
3
4
are yieldably mounted by means of a bowed
spring 23 which is secured as at 24 to the upper
arms of the U-shaped member 55 and is con
side of the plate 56.
The spring 23 is formed at
its rear lower end with a tube 25 through which
a bolt 26 which extends between the legs I8 is
adapted to engage. A spring tensioning bolt 21
is threadedithrough the extension a! land engages
against the 'lower side of the spring [23 forwardly
of the securing bolts or members 24.
The forward arms I5 of the body II are con
stantly urged to ratchet engaging position by
means of a spring 62.
The front arms l5 of the body frame have ex
01 tending from the front and rear edges thereof
stop members 63 and 64 which are adapted to
iengageithe frontilegs 30>’;SO‘aS';t0'1imit.th9 rocking
.movementiof these legs. The rear arms I4 have
extending outwardly therefrom front and rear
:10 -stop members 65 and 66 respectively which en
gage the upper ends of the legs [8 to limit the
nected together by a connecting plate 28,. and the
plate 28 has extending upwardly from the ‘center
thereof a, bushing 29. A repair of .~Ifr.ont =legs 13B
rocking‘movement of these legs in opposite direc
are connected together by means of apairrof
connecting bolts or bars 3| ‘and 32, the latter
bolt being connected to the'rear ‘ends :ofthe‘leg
-tions.
JReferring‘ now to Figure 7 there is disclosed
a modi?ed form of this invention wherein the
;.pl'ate=3-5a'd1as'extending upwardly from the rear
extensions 33. The legs 30 are rockably mounted
portion'thereof an arm Ma and an extension 42a
on a shaft 3A which is connected between .theeex
extendszangularly and rearwardly from the upper
tensions 33, and the shaft 34 engages through a
end of the arm 41a.
A connecting bar 6‘! is con
.plate .35 which .is {loosely “disposed .between .the 20 .nectedbetween itherearwardly.extending arms or
l-levers 33a‘. of the .frontlegs §30a..and .a .coilspring
leg extensions 33.
'I-‘he;~plate.3.5.has extendedeupwardlyrtherefrom
.58 .isinterposed between :the .bar .61 and :the sex
a t-pivotshaftzor stud 35 which-loosely engages
tension 42a. Aspringtens'ioning ibolt Behaving
in theibushing 29. ¢Apin .31 ‘is extended through
anut In ,threadedon .thelower end thereof .ex
the upper portion of the - stud» 35 :for .-holding .this
stud vagainst : downward movement :with respect
' tends.betweentheibarl?'l and 'the .extensionl42a.
to the bushing 29, and a thrust washermember
.33 is-interposed :between ‘the :upper side of :the
plate .555 and {the ;lower aside =of Tthe Y connecting
another modi?cation of this invention wherein
.the frontlegs?llb have .?ispose'd therebetween a
pIatGJZB.
,Referringnow ‘to Figure v8 jthereis disclosed
plate .2351) and .the plate ‘3512 .has extending ‘from
.Qpposite {ends thereof Itrunnions $341). v,A vcoil
The legs 30 are yieldablyrur-ged to ‘normal-posi
tionibyemeans rofl a :bowed {spring .239 -which _.~at:.one
’spring .1! ‘iscdisposed .about . one of the trunnions
end :is mountedeon the .bolt or {connecting :mem
v.72 engaging beneath ..one .of the .front .leg .exten
.sions7oriarms 331).. Theoppositeiend 13 of .the
34b andis formed with .valaterally extending .zend
ber 32, and at the other end is-securedby fasten
vsing, members All 3120 an upstandingplate 4 I ,carried 35 .spring .1! .is engaged withialug .14 which is .car
.ried Joy wthegplate. 35b.
by the plate 35. The ,plate :41 has extending
_-In_.the “use . and .operation of this :toy, the child
obtusely :and rearwardly :therefrom :a ,plate 42
.or othenperson wilLseatonthe.covering for .the
which-is-formedtwith oppositely extendingears 43.
body frame I0, it lbeing understood .that this
A spring tensioning bolt 21..is .threaded through
.covering willengage over .the bodyand the llegs
plate ‘:42 .and rengages :spring v3.‘! for tensioning
.may .also beenclosedin. a suitable .covering which
this spring. The head forming.:member ri3 has
.maybe .cfflexibleconstruction. so . as .to .beiormed
:mounted through the :forward lower ‘end .thereof
integral .with.the..body:.covering. fIThe rider will
.a shaft .44 on-whioh .a pair‘, of bellcranks ~45 .and
place his .feet ‘within Lthemstirrups Q22 .and when
46 are rockably mounted.
:AJcracing bar 41 -is connected between .the-for 45 the rider’s .weig'htisshifted :lforwardlysmthat the
ward -.end :of ‘the ‘head .forming ,member l3 .and
the upper portion of the neck member .42. The
weight is married . substantially entirely by “the
stirrups 22 the extensions .er ;.lev:ers .20 .will ,be
\bellcranks 45 and 46 ‘have :oppositely extending
rocked downwardly about the :pivots J9. This
will cause the rear legs l8 to rock downwardlynt
rear :end members s4.8».and 4 9 respectively: and the
extension 148 .‘is {connected :to sons of the .ears A3 50 .their upper ends, .and at .the .same {time the .for
wardshiftingof the .riderls .weight wilLcause “the
by .means :of a iconnectin'g :rod 50, whereas .the
front .leg -extensions.,33 .to. rock downwardly .with
extension or_lever 49:is~_connecte,d to theopposite
upward .and forward “movement .of 'the front
car ‘:43 :by means v.of a connecting 1rod->or_link ‘5:1.
The-loweriendsof ,thehellcrank members-Hand
‘.45 have secured thereto a l?exible :member {.52 55
legs 30.
The unidirectional .wheels?ii iwillgholdthe. rear
v.legs L3 Fagainst rearward movement whereas the
ccomprisingi-the v‘rein and providing the .,means \by
front wheels 53 may freely rolloforwardlythereby
which the toyz-maybe steered.
effecting forward .movement .of the front legs
In=order .to provide .for forward movement of
.without movementiof the rear Ilegs .IB. When
(the :device ‘by =rocking .of :-,the ‘legs l8 and <30, zthe
-lower :ends .of each deg have .mounted thereon 60 ‘the riders .weightis. shifted .‘from ..the..,stirrups to
the rear of .the .body thesprings123 .and 39 will
wheels-'orfrollers 53. The iro1lers53 are-mounted
tend to raise the body relative ‘to the .legs. .As
onashaft 54'carried byra u-shaped »member.55,
.thebody is raised .by theJsprings .23 and .39 the
:and- the gut-shaped member 5.5 whichsis disposed
unidirectional wheels 53 :will prevent .rearward
in inverted ‘position .has iextending upwardly
therefrom a shank ‘or stud 56 engaging within 65 movement -.of .the lower .ends » of the front ‘ legs v3.0
.while :thelower .ends of the .rear legs .48 .»are..Per
mitted to move forwardly. In .this .manner the
~A setscrew :5‘! is ‘threaded into theishankeor
. alternate shiftingof .the weight from .thestirrups
:stud .56 and the .lowerend of the ‘leg ,is formed
- vthe low-eriendeo?a tubular leg.
will effect .up .and .down .movement of the body
with an : arcuate,~slo.t'-'5B so that the-shank 5.6.».may
70 and =~ also effect the spreading and contracting ..of
vhave limited turning movement.
vthe .legs with for-ward .movement ,provided
"The wheel 53 .-is adapted 1130 be progressively
through ‘the :unidirectional wheels.
rotated -in:one- direction 1.1113011 rockingof the legs
The device - mayzbez steeredbytpulling .on either
by means of a ratchet wheel 59 which 515 ?xed
.of .thebellcrank members > 45 or~48 :which =will~turn
relative to the wheel 53. Ac'pawlvli?is pivotally
:mounted :on -a vpivot ,6! .extending between the 76 the zfrontlragsn?ll. IIhis:device will 7proyidaa toy
2,545,231
simulating the movement of a horse or other
animal and this toy can be readily moved for
wardly by up and down movement of the rider
which may be accelerated by pressure on the
stirrups 22. The device may be steered as here
inbefore described so that the toy may be moved
forwardly and turned as may be desired by the
rider.
Due to the fact that the distance of the con
nection between the stirrup 22 on the arms 20 and
pivot I9 is greater than the distance of the
connection between spring 23 and pivot IS, the
at the forward end thereof, a spring connected
at one end to said rear legs, rearwardly of said
pivot and at its other end to said body frame, a
vertical stud at the forward end of said body
frame, a horizontal plate pivotally engaging said
stud, a pair of front legs, pivot means rockably
mounting said front legs on said plate, a spring
connected between said front legs and said plate,
means carried by said head frame and connected
to said plate for turning said plate about said
stud, and means for tensioning both of said
springs.
force developed by the child is multiplied several
4..A riding toy simulating a horse or other
times. The movement of the leg structures re
sembles the movement of a galloping horse, with
its peculiar alternating movement of the front
and rear leg structures.
We do not mean to con?ne ourselves to the
exact details of construction herein disclosed,
quadruped comprising a body frame, ?xed neck
and head frames projecting from said body
frame, a pair of rear legs rockably carried on a
pivot of said body frame, arms ?xed relative to
said rear legs and extending forwardly of said
pivot, stirrups dependingly carried by said arms
but claim all variations falling within the purview 20 at the forward end thereof, a spring connected
of the appended claims.
at one end to said rear legs rearwardly of said
What we claim is:
pivot and at its other end to said body frame,
l. A riding toy simulating a horse or other
a vertical stud at the forward end of said body
quadruped comprising a body frame, ?xed neck
securing said rear legs to said body frame, arms
frame, a horizontal plate pivotally engaging said
stud, a pair of front legs, pivot means rockably
mounting said front legs on said plate, a spring
connected between said front legs and said plate,
?xed relative to said rear legs and extending
means carried by said head frame and connected
forwardly of said pivot means, stirrups depend
to said plate for turning said plate about said
and head frames projecting from said body ‘
frame, a pair of rear legs, pivot means rockably
ingly carried by said arms at the forward ends 30 stud, means for tensioning both of said springs,
thereof, a spring connected at one end to said
and stop means carried by said body frame for
legs rearwardly of said pivot means and at its
limiting the rocking of said front and rear legs
other end to said body frame, a pair of front legs,
about said pivots.
'
a plate disposed between said front legs, hori
5. A riding toy simulating a horse or other
zontal pivot means for said front legs carried by 35 quadruped comprising a body frame, ?xed neck
said plate, an upstanding stud ?xed to said plate
and head frames projecting from said body
and rotatably engaging said body frame, a spring
frame, a pair of rear legs rockably carried on a
connected at one end to the rear ends of said
pivot of said body frame, arms ?xed relative to
front legs rearwardly of said horizontal pivot
said rear legs and extending forwardly of said
means and at its other end to said plate, steering 40 pivot, stirrups dependingly carried by said arms
means carried by said head frame connected with
at the forward end thereof, a spring connected
said plate for turning the latter about said stud,
at one end to said rear legs rearwardly of said
_ and unidirectional wheel means mounted on each
pivot and at its other end to said body frame,
of said legs whereby vertical rocking of said legs
a vertical stud at the forward end of said body
45 frame, a horizontal plate pivotally engaging said
will effect linear movement in one direction.
2. A riding toy simulating a horse or other
stud, a pair of front legs, pivot means rockably
quadruped comprising a body frame, ?xed neck
mounting said front legs on said plate, a spring
and head frames projecting from said body
connected between said front legs and said plate,
frame, a pair of rear legs, pivot means rockably
50 means carried by said head frame and connected
mounting the upper ends of said legs on the rear
to said plate for turning'said plate about said
stud, means for tensioning both of said springs,
of said body frame, arms ?xed to said rear legs
and extending forwardly of said pivot means,
stop means carried by said body frame for limit
ing the rocking of said front and rear legs about
stirrups dependingly carried by said arms, a
spring connected at one end to said rear legs 55 said pivots, rollers carried by said front and rear
legs, pawl and ratchet means for limiting rota
rearwardly of said pivot means and connected at
tion of said rollers in the forward direction upon
its other end to said body frame, a swingable
plate pivotally carried by the front portion of said
rocking of said front and rear legs, a vertical
pivotal connection between said rollers and said
front and rear legs, and means limiting the turn
pair of front legs, means rockably mounting said
60
ing of said rollers about the vertical axis of said
front legs on said plate, rearwardly projecting
connection.
extensions carried by said front legs, a spring
GUSTAVO VASQUEZ GLUMER.
connected at one end to said extensions and atits
JosE' MARIO ROMERO.
other end to said plate, means connected between
said head frame and said plate for turning the 65
REFERENCES CITED
latter about said vertical axis, and unidirectional
wheels carried by the lower ends of said front and
The followingvreferences are of record in the
rear legs.
’
?le of this patent:
3. A riding toy simulating a horse or other
UNITED STATES PATENTS
quadruped comprising a body frame, ?xed neck 70
Number
Name
Date
and head frames, projecting from said body
body frame for rotation about a vertical axis, a
frame, a pair of rear legs rockably carried on a
pivot of said body frame, arms ?xed relative to
said rear legs and extending forwardly of said
pivot, stirrups dependingly carried by said arms 76
930,265
948,257
1,337,479
2,450,674
Badger ____________ __ Aug. 3, 1909
Smith ____________ __ Feb. 1, 1910
Lumis ___________ __ Apr. 20, 1920
Manfredi __________ .._ Oct. 5, 1948
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