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Aprää [email protected] WSE G. H. PEMBRKE 954A [email protected] STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 l2 Sheets-Sheet l Nv #Al 'BY ATTORNEYS Àprîî T0, E951 G. H. PEMBROKE 2548A E9 STENCI/rrPr/QINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 12 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEMBROKE .BY Àpriß W, Näì G. H. PEMBRQKE ¿548,1 19 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 414.2 Sheets-Sheet 4 m. /75 /76 /77 220 90/ /7/ - JNVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEMBRO/(E' A TTOAWE Vs Apyäïì 110„ H953 254m [email protected] GfH. PEMFÈGKE STENCIL PRÍNTING MACHINE. Filed May 2o, 1947 l2 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEMBROKE , BY ATTORNEKSl » Àlmï’ää m» E953 G. H. PEMBRQKÉ 2548i [email protected] STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE 'Filed May 2o, 1947 A1,2 sheets-sheet s 1N VEN TOR. ~ ¿Y GEORGE H. PEMBROKE Á T TORNEVS Aprñß R0, R93 G. H. @EMRQKE 295493319 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 ` l2 Sheds-Sheet '7 w l . JNVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEMBROKE vBY y, ` ` AWN w, 395i G. H. [email protected] y 254m [email protected] STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 'l2 sheetsssheet 8 INVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEMBRo/«E BY @www M April 10, 1951 G.,H. PEMBROKE 2,548,119 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 12 Sheets-Sheet 9 IN VEN TOR. GEORGE H. PEMBROKE BY @www Àpriìi 10,* 1951 G. H. PEMBROKE 2,548,I 19 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May v2Q, 1947 l2 Sheets-Sheet l0 G72 INI/EN TOR. GEORGE H. PEMBROKE. X0 BY ATTORNEYS April 10, 195E G. H. PEMBRQKE - 2,5489M9 ' STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 4f” l2 Sheets-Sheet ll ff E. 22 4M +V 2S 45?. +50 +5| E25/457350> 41,5 GEORGEH. PEMBROKE ~BY ímamw/M ATTORNE'VS April l0, 1951 G, H, PEMBROKE 2,548,119 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE Filed May 20, 1947 l2 Sheets-Sheet l2 1?/ E5. .26 TNB. 28 35'/ [.8 [email protected] ßfo , 4 ` 352 Á ¿im? 45/ I \20 ‘1 4 7/ 470 f . «à 455 l 46a INVENTOR. GEORGE H. PEM‘QROKE ¿Tmp/VE V's Patented Apr. 10, 1951 2,548,l 19 UNITED STATES TENT OFFICE 2,548,119 STENCIL PRINTING MACHINE » George H. Pembroke, New York, N. Y. Application May 20, 1947, Serial No. 749,120. 11 Claims. My present invention is an improvement of'my application Serial No. 687,846 ñled August 2, 1946, for Silk Screen Printing Apparatus, which appli cation is now abandoned, and relates to stenciling apparatus and more particularly to apparatus primarily designed for utilization in connection with silk screen processes. v ‘ (Cl. 101-126) 2 ative lin timed relation to the lowering of the screen vframe on to the blank on the table, the v said ink applying means being operative in one direction when the frame is ñrst lowered, halting its operation when the frame is raised and be ing operative inv the opposite direction when the frame is lowered once more. A primary object of my invention is the pro In connection therewith, another object of my vision of a stencilling machine of the silk screen invention is the provision of novel ink applying type with a horizontal table to receive the sheet 10 operating means, the direction of operation oi’ upon which the stencil is to be marked and with which will be automatically altered when the a frame for holding the silk screenor other sten screen frame is raised at the end of the inking cil; the said frame being alternately raised and ~ lowered automatically in timed relation to the smoke in che direction. f Another object of my invention is the arrange feeding of the blank onto the table and to the 15 ment of ink applying means comprising a single movement of the ink spreader apparatus over the spreader so constructed that it will be auto Stencil. ’ A further object of my invention is the pro vision of novel apparatus for raising and lowering the frame for the silk screen or other stencil, the said means comprising a single oscillating lever movable in one direction to raise the screen vframe and in the other direction to lower the screen matically shifted to a trailing position each time the screen is raised for sheet delivery and sheet feeding purposes at the end of an inking stroke, Another improvement embodied in my present invention includes novel adjustable sheet Afeeding means, novel sheet registering means and novel sheet delivery means. frame in conjunction with appropriate yielding The foregoing and many other objects of my -25 means to maintain the screen frame in the raised invention will become apparent in the following or lowered positions for predetermined timed in-- teriìal's. _ description and drawings in which: Figure l is a side view taken from the right side of my novel silk screen printing device taken from line I-»I of Figure 3. member or crank pin connected to the lower end Figure 2 is a side View taken from the left side of an oscillating lever, providing a forward and of my novel silk screen printing device taken backward stroke, which in turn at the upper end from line 2_2 of Figure 3. connects with an oscillating shaft also having Figure 3 is a top plan View of my novel silk a forward and backward movement, but a longer screen printing machine. stroke than the cam or eccentric stroke itself. Figure 4 is an end elevation of the feeding end This is accomplished by means of pivoting the 35 of my novel silk screen printing device. lower end of the lever and connecting the lever Figure 5 is a plan View partly in cross section to the eccentric off center, nearer to the pivot or" the operating mechanism for my novel silk point, providing about double the throw to the screen printing machine taken from line 5--5 of lever as compared to the eccentric throw. Figure 1. The eccentric lever with a fork-shaped head e Figure 6 is a plan view partly in cross section plays at the upper end between two collars on an of specific silk screen printing table operating oscilla'î‘ing'shaft, which shaft controls the raising elements taken from line 6-6 of Figure 1. and lowering of the screen frame. Figure '7 is a plan View corresponding substan A speciñc improvement in my present inven tially tothe plan View of Figure 6 showing, how tion comprises the connection between the oscil ever, the relationship between the paper clamp lating bar operated by the eccentric lever and the at the left side of the printing table and the paper screen table itself. The oscillating bar is con stop at the rear end of the printing table. nected by a chain to sprockets at opposite ends Figure ~8 is an elevation partly in cross-section of the` machine frame, which sprockets in turn taken from line 8~-8 of Figure 3 showing the are connected by a crank pin and connecting'links printing table, >the silk screen frame and the to the screen frame, thereby operating to raise scueegee apparatus. and lower the frame in accordance with the oscil Figure 9 is a side view of a portion of the paper lation of the eccentric lever. 'feed element taken from line 9--9 of Figure 10. Another object of my invention is the provision 55 Figure 10 is :a top plan View partly in cross of novel ink applying and spreading means oper section taken from line ville-lli of Figure 1. Essentially, the means for raising and lowering ' the screen frame comprises a driven eccentric 2,548,119 3 Figure 11 is a schematic View showing the drive for the feed and registering belts on the printing table which drive is under the control of the feed apparatus shown in Figures 9 and 10. The position of Figure 11 corresponds to the unen gaged position of the gear and clutch mechanism of Figure 10. Figure 12 is a schematic View corresponding to that of Figure 11 showing the feed belts of Figure 11 raised in order to perform the intended op eration of moving the paper on to the table in the proper position thereon. When the belt has been raised to the position of Figure 12, the driving elements of Figure 10 are engaged. At the same time, the idling roller at the delivery end of the belt has been raised as shown in Fig ure 14 to raise the belts above the level of the table to cause them to feed the paper. , Figure 173 is a cross-sectional View taken on 4 Figure 28 showing the screen carrier frame in the down position. Referring now to Figures 1 to 5, the machine comprises a main frame having principal vertical posts I0, II, I2,and I3. The legs I2 and I3 are connected at their lower ends by longitudinal side frame members I5 and IS and at their upper ends by the longitudinal side members I8 and I9 which define the sides of the work table 20. The frame is also provided with the lower cross members 22 and 23 connecting, respectively, the legs I2 and II at the delivery end and the legs I3 and I0 at the feed end of the machine. The legs E0 and I3 at the front end and II and I2 at the delivery end are interbraced in any suit able manner to provide supports for additional elements including the longitudinal intermediate frame members 25, 25 which carry the upper sec tion of the operating mechanism. The -front of the machine is also provided with a frame extension 30 comprising the longitudinal bars 3 I, 3| and the cross bars 32 and 33 supported ing to the schematic position of Figure 11. at the front end by the legs 34 and 35 and at the Figure 14 is a View corresponding to that of Figure 13 but showing the up or operating po 25 inner end between the front leg members I0 and I3. sition of the idling roller at the delivery end of The front frame 30 provides a suitable sup the table corresponding to the schematic view port for the stacking table 40 on which the sheets of Figure 12. M to be fed into the mechanism are mounted Figure 15 is a side elevation of a portion of the screen carriage showing the squeegee carriage at 30 against the side guage 42. The table 40 is ad justable vertically in order to register a desired the end of its stroke; this View corresponds to portion of the stack 4I with the feeding slat- 45 Figurer showing the squeegee carriage, how on to which the paper sheets are first pushed to ever, at the right hand end of Figure 1 rather be engaged by the feed-in roller 56, the operation than at the left hand end as in Figure 1. of which is hereinafter described. ' Figure 16 is a plan view of a corner of the Adjustable support for table 40 comprises the screen carriage corresponding to the upper left extensible support 56 which includes the upper hand corner of Figure 3 showing the squeegee links 5I and 52 and the lower links 53 and 54. carriage moved from the right-hand end of Fig The lower end of link 51'5 may be pivotally secured ure 3 to the left-hand end of Figure 3. at 55 to a suitable support 56 cn the lower plat~ Figure 1'7 is a detail plan view of a portion of form 35. The lower end of link 53 may be pivot the upper right-hand corner of Figure 3. ally secured at 5? to the element 53. Link 53a Figure 16 is an elevation partly »in cross-section .is connected between pivot 58 on link`54 and taken on line IB-*IS of Figure 16. line I3-i3 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows and showing position of the idler roller at the delivery end of the table correspond Figure 19 is a cross-sectional view taken on line Iii-I9 of Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows and showing the alternate positions of the squeegee. Figure 20 is a side elevation partly in cross section taken on line 20--20 of Figure 8 looking in the direction of the arrows. Figure 2'1 is a cross-sectional view showing the operating elements of the squeegee carriage taken on line 2I---2I of Figure 20 looking in the direc tion of the arrows. Figure 22 is an enlarged top plan view of the left-hand end of the printing table showing the clamp and stop operating elements and is taken on line 22-22 of Figure 23. Figure 23 is a side view taken on line 23-23 of Figure 7. pivot 6I. The upper links 5I and 52 are pivotally secured, respectively, at pivots 66 and 5I to the lower links 53 and 541. The links 5I and 52 are pivotally se cured at 55, 65 to the underside of table 4D. Link 52a. is connected between pivot E3 on link 5I and pivot 62. A pair of extensible support elements 50 may be used on each side with their pivots 6B and 6I appropriately interconnected for simultaneous operation. The pivots 60 and 5I include a nut in one element through which is threaded the screw lil having the crank handle ‘II and a collar in the other element rotatably holding screw 79. Turn ing the screw 'I6 by the crank handle 'I I will result in collapsing or extending the extensible member 60 53 and thus raising or lowering the feed table 40. The additional feeding element which times the feed of the paper into the machine by means of the operation of feed roll 46 with respect to the feedingr slat 45 will be further described after Figure 25 is a cross-Sectional View taken on 65 other basic elements of the machine have been set line 25-25 of Figure 24. forth. Figure 26 is a cross-sectional View taken on As seen in Figure 4, a pair of extensible ele line 26-26 of Figure 3 looking in the direction ments 5S, 56 is provided with each side of the feed of the arrows with the screen carrier down. table 46. While a screw ‘Iû is needed on both Figure 27 is a View corresponding to that of 70 sides, only one of the screws 16 need have the Figure 26 showing the screen carrier up. handle TI. Each of the screws 'Iü may be pro~ Figure 28 is a cross-sectional view taken on vided with. a sprocket T3, 'I3 connected by a chain line ZS--ZS of Figure 3 showing the sheet regis T4 for common operation. tering unit with the screen carrier frame in the Figure 24 is a View corresponding to that of Figure 22 showing the released position of the elements thereof. up position. y Figure 29 is a view corresponding to that of A motor 65 drives the pulley 8| (see especially Figure 5 as well as Figure 1) which through the 2,548,119 5 6 belt 32 drives pulley 33 secured to shaft 84 rotat able in bearings 85, 86 secured on the lower longi tudinal frame members I5 and I e. connected to the front end of the screen frame. I 35 alternately to rise and fall> from the position of Figure 1 to the position of Figure 2 and back , Gear en shaft 3e meshes with and drives again. v gear 89 on shaft 93, which shaft is also rotatably Similarly, sprockets |38 and |39 at the de mounted in bearings 33 and 9d on the lower frame livery end of the mechanism are connected by the members I3 and I5. Gear 96 on shaft 33 meshes short cranks |50 on their shaft and the long links with and drives gear 5l on shaft 38 rotatably |6| to the push rods |52 which in turn are con secured in bearings 39 and |33 across the lower nected to the delivery or rear end of the screen frame members I5 and I 5. II) table |30 on each side. Sprocket |32 on shaft §53 drives sprocket |03 on Consequently, the operation of sprockets |39 shaft |02 through the chain |55. Shaft IM is and |38 will alternately cause the rear end of the screen frame |30 to rise and then fall, Links |5| and cranks |45 at the front end are, respec rotatably mounted in bearings |33 and I5? on the lower frame members I5 and I Si. The outer end of shaft Illfl beyond the lower frame members I5 and i3 carries the crank discs H3 and II I, respectively. Each of the crank discs IiIì and III is connected by the link |I2, II3 to the oscillating arms EIII and >SI5 on opposite tively, longer than links I6! and cranks |60 at the delivery end so that when the screen frame |30 rises, the front end rises higher than the rear end, as seen particularly in Figure 2. This makes it possible for .the operator of the machine at - sides of the machine. the front end better to observe the action of the Each of the arms liíi and i 5 is supported on apparatus on the paper sheet to which a stencil its lower frame member i5 and i5, respectively, is being applied and also makes access to the table easier for the operator. by the downwardly depending ‘il-shaped bracket H5, §99 having the pivot |25 and secured to the This also makes it easier to insert a silk screen in the screen frame |35 in the manner previously described in connection with my prior application lower frame member It and I5 on each side. The oscillating arms Iifi and H5 on each side are, as above pointed out, pivotally mounted on Serial No. 687,846 ñled August 2, 1946. the pivots §23 and are connected, respectively, by pivots Iii and §22 to the links H2 and |I3. Consequently, the operation of the motor 53 will In addition, and in order to facilitate the eXtra lift or rise given in the front end of the screen frame |33, the front end of the screen is counter balanced by the weight ilu comprising a cross bar connected by chains Ill and I’IZ passing over the sprockets I ‘i3 and IM and secured to the through the gear train above pointed out cause the crank discs [email protected] and I II to rotate and will through the connecting links M2 and Iiîi cause the oscillating- arms iid and H5 to move back and forth in order to raise and lower the screen carriage |33 in the manner described below. front end of the screen frame i 30. The upper end of each of the oscillating arms I I4 and IIE is bifurcated at I3§ to surround and engage the longitudinally oscillating bars |32, |32 on each side, Adjustable collars §33, i3d are pro- ‘ vided on each of the oscillating bars |32 in order to provide an abutment against the side of the bifLu-catingr extension §35 of the arms I ill and I I5 to push the oscillating bars |32 back and forth. Each of the oscillating bars |32 is supported at opposite ends by the chain |35 which passes around the front sprockets £35, |31" -and the rear sprockets |33, I 3S. As the oscillating arms Iii! and I I5 oscillate back and forth, they alternately bear against the collars L33 on the oscillating bars |32 and the collars |34 thereon, thus causing the bars §32 to move back and forth. This, therefore, causes the chain |35 on each side to move back and forth and hence rotates the sprockets IE6-«itl and ISB-|33 back and , forth, Sprockets I 36 and |37 are connected by the shaft ille mounted in appropriate bearings in legs II] and I3. Sprockets |33 and |39 rotate on shaft |32 mounted in appropriate bearings through legs II and |2-the shafts |35 and Ill-2 rotating with their sprockets. Each end of the shaft for sprockets I 33 and I3`| is provided with a relatively short crank |45, |45 thereto. Each of the cranks |45 is connected at pivot |50 to the longer link |5I. Each of the links I5I is connected by an appropriate pivot |52 to 'the push bar I 53 on each side attached in any appro priate manner to the underside of the front end of the screen frame |33. Push bar i 53 rides in a suitable vertical bearing [email protected] secured on each side to the leg members I3 and I3.’ ‘ It will thus be seen that rotation of sprockets I3‘I and |33 will cause the road |33 on each side 4.3 ’ The sprockets |73 and I'M are mounted on the cross shaft |'I5 carried between the vertical posts |75 and ITI at the front or delivery end of the machine. It will thus be obvious that as the oscil lating arms ||4 and IE5 are moved back and forth by the motor GQ working through the gear train 88, 3Q, 95, and |39 to drive the sprockets |62 and |33 which in turn drive the crank discs IIiì and III, the oscillating bars |32 are moved longitudinally back and forth. , When the oscillating bars I I3 and H5 are moved toward the back of the machine, as shown in Figure 1, then the sprockets §35 and |33 are rotated to the position shown in Figure l where the links IBI and I5| are pulled down to pull down the screen table. The position of Figure l is that which the maI chine reaches just after the screen frame |35 has been pulled down with the inking carriage, here inafter to be described, just beginning to move over the screen frame from one end or" the frame to the other. The oscillating arm IIII is shown commencing its return oscillation toward the left with respect to Figure 1, which oscillation will be completed just after the inking carriage has reached the right-hand side or delivery end of the machine with respect to Figure 1. , At this time, the end ISI of oscillating arm I I4 (as well as of oscillating arm H5) will strike the collar |34 and release a latching element here inafter described to release the paper stop and clamping units, also hereinafter to be described. At the same time, the movement of bifurcated end |3| of oscillating arms H3 and H5 against the collars |34 will move the oscillating bars I 32 to the left with respect to Figure 1, thus rotating sprockets I 36 and I 38 in a counterclockwise dl~ rection to a position where the links |45 and |5| at the front and §33 and I 5I at the rear will be extended in a substantially straight line to 2,548,119 7 cause the screen frame |30 to rise from the posi tion of Figure 1 to the position of Figure 2. In Figure 2, on the opposite side of the machine, the completion of this rising operation for the 8 Shaft 2 I 0 is driven from shaft |9| as hereinafter described. Shaft |9| is continuously driven by sprocket |90, chain 2 I | and sprocket 2|2 on shaft 98 (Fig ures 5 and 6). The shaft |9| is provided on its screen frame |30 has been shown. At this time, left side with respect to the feed end of the ma the stencilled sheet is fed out of the machine at chine (at the top of Figure 6) with a bevel gear the delivery end, which is the left side of Figure |93 which may mesh with the bevel gear |04 on 2, and the right side of Figure 1, and a sheet to the longitudinally movable shaft |95 which is be stencilled is fed in at the left side of Figure 1 10 rotatably mounted in and longitudinally movable or the right side of Figure 2. with respect to the bracket |96. The screen frame |30 is up long enough for this The delivery end of the longitudinally movable delivery and feeding operation to be completed, shaft |95 is provided with a clutch engaging ele while the bifurcated end I3| of oscillating arm ment |98 which may engage with the opposite | |5 moves toward the collar |33. Oscillating arm 15 clutch engaging element |99 of the clutch 200 I I4, of course, moves simultaneously with arm I |5. mounted on the end of shaft 20 I, which in turn is When the oscillating arm ||5 now strikes the rotatably mounted in bracket 202. collar |33, it moves the oscillating bar |32 to Shaft 20| carries at its delivery end the bevel the left with respect to Figure 2 rotating the gear 203 which meshes with bevel gear 204 on sprockets |39 and |31 (and their corresponding 20 shaft 205 mounted in appropriate bearings across sprockets |38 and |36) in an opposite direction the intermediate frame members 25. to cause the screen frame |30 to move from the Shaft 205 is provided with gear 206 which position of Figure 2 down once more back to the meshes with gear 201 on shaft 208 which in turn position of Figure 1. is also mounted in suitable bearings across the At this time, the inking carriage which has 25 intermediate frame members 25. The shaft 208 moved to the opposite side of the mechanism is is connected by the sprocket 2|0 and chain |01 now operated to move back to the initial side of to sprocket |88 on shaft |80. the mechanism during the return stroke of the Thus, the belts |80 are driven by the driving oscillating arms | |4 and I I5 to the position where pulleys |82 on shaft |84 only when the bevel gear they will once more raise the screen frame. 30 |94 on the clutch shaft |95 is in engagement Thus, it will be clear that the screen frame is with the bevel gear |03 on shaft I9! which car caused to rise at the completion of the movement ries the sprocket |90, which in turn drives the of the oscillating arms ||4 toward the front or shaft |84 of belts |80. When the bevel gear |04 is disengaged from feed end of the mechanism and is caused to be lowered at the completion of the movement of 35 bevel gear |93, then there is no drive to the belts the oscillating arms ||4 and ||5 toward the de |80 since this drive is broken at the said bevel gears. Thus, when it is necessary to drive the livery or rear end of the mechanism. belts |80, the drive from sprocket 2|2, Figure 5, The screen frame remains down while the os in the bottom frame portion of the machine must cillating arms ||4 and ||5 move from the de livery to the feed end of the mechanism and the 40 be complete through chain 2I| to sprocket |90 on shaft |9|, then through bevel gears |94 and screen frame remains up while the oscillating |93, to the shaft 20|, then through the clutch 200 arms ||4 and II5 move from the feed to the de to bevel gears 203 and 204 to gears 206 and 201 livery end of the mechanism. to drive shaft 208 and sprocket 2|0 and then by The inking carriage, hereinafter to be de chain |81 and sprocket |83 to drive the belt drive scribed, moves in one direction during the down shaft |84. cycle of the screen frame |30, then remains at The feed mechanism which includes the feed the end of its stroke during the up cycle of the in roller 46 which cooperates with the feed slat screen frame and then moves back in the opposite 45 also controls the energization or de~energizadirection during the next down cycle of the screen tion of belts |80 through the bevel gears |94 and frame |30. |93 and the clutch 200. Thus, the oscillating arms go through a com The feed-in roller 46 is mounted across the plete back and forth cycle for each rising and arms 220, the lower ends of which are pivotally lowering of the frame, while the inking carriage mounted on the cross shaft 22| which is held goes through one-half of a cycle for each rising in any appropriate manner as, for instance, by and lowering of the frame. the brackets 222 on the front legs I0 and I3 When the screen frame |30 rises, it is necessary of the machine. to feed in a paper blank on which a stencil is to The shaft |40 which carries the front sprockets be printed and, at the same time, deliver or feed |36 and |31 which in turn serve to raise and out the paper on which a stencil has already been printed. For this purpose, a plurality of 60 lower the screen frame |30 also carries just in side the leg I3 the spur gear 225 which belts |80 are provided registering with grooves |8| in the surface of the table 20 (Figures 3, 11, meshes with the gear 226 on the cross bar or shaft 22| on which the arms 220 operate. and 12). Gear 226 has a link 228 eccentrically secured The belts |80 pass over the driving pulleys |32 mounted on driven shaft |84 at the front end of 65 thereto at the pin 229. The opposite end of link 228 is connected by shaft 230 to links 23| the mechanism, pass diagonally across the table registering with the grooves IBI, and then pass and 232 (see particularly Figures l, 2, and 9). Link 23| is connected between the outer end of link 228 being connected to link 228 as above The shaft |84 for the driving pulleys |02 of the 70 pointed out by shaft 230 and the shaft 234 on arm 220. belts |80 are driven by chain |81 which engages Link 232 is connected between shaft 230 and the sprocket |88 on shaft |84 and which chain is the cross bar 236 mounted in appropriate driven by the sprocket 2|0 on shaft 208 (Figure brackets on the frame 30. The mechanism is .6) mounted in appropriate bearings across the over the idler pulleys |85 on shaft |86 at the rear or delivery end of the mechanism. intermediate longitudinal frame members 25. so arranged, therefore, that when the sprockets 9 2,548,119 |35and |32 are operated from the positionl‘of Figure l to the position of Figure 2 to raise the screen frame |32, as shown in Figure 2, the gear 226 is rotated to pull the link 228 toward the left with respect to Figures 9 and 2 and thus drive the link 23| toward the'left, which in turn end of the machine by a universal joint 252 to the push bar Zäi, which in turn »passes through an appropriate opening in the cross bar or shaft 234 between the feed-in roller carrying arms 22€). > A suitable collar 253 is secured to the push bar 253 on the rear of the cross bar shaft 234, will result in driving the arm 22d to the left. and a suitable adjustable nut 252 with an ape The link mechanism .228-23l-222 and the propriate lock nut 255 are secured on the ’front gears225 and225 are repeated on the opposite side of the machine so that both arras 22e are 10 threaded end 255 of. the .push bar 25M. lWhen the arms 22e carrying the roller et are operated driven on both sides of the machine. Thus, the to the feed-in position, the cross bar 231i moves arms 22S, as above pointed out, are driven in up with respect to Figure 10 toward the rear end toward the slat d5 when the screen frame is of the machine, pushing the push bar 25! and the longitudinally slidable bar |95 to the right The pulleys |82 which drive the belts ige pro 15 with respect to Figure 6. raised. . . ject upwardly throughv notches 22E! in the cross slat 45 so that the belts |22 at the feed end of the mechanism are above the level of the cross This causes the bevel gears [email protected] and |23 to en gage and alsoengages the clutch elements |98 and §99 so that the drive to shaft ISI previously slat` 45. described-is completed. This effects a drive to Consequently, ’when the arms 22!) are driven 20 the belts iêdthrough sprockets |52 and |83 and in toward the pulleys |32, the roller ed engages the belts |82 on the pulleys |82. The roller 25 is a heavy friction surface roller supported by the pins 46u in the notches- 225e at the top of the arms 222. Consequently no accurate ad justments arerequired, but the roller d6 may ride up slightly on the portion of belts |32 lover pulleys |82 when the arm 225 is driven in, thus ensuring an' appropriate pressure engagement between the roller 25 and the feed end of belts laß and permitting the roller d5 to yield up wardly slightly in order to ensure such pressure and to prevent buckling or breakage of any of the elements. _ ` Thus, when the lscreen frame |35 is raised as shown in Figure 2, a sheet t! which has been. placed on the slat 45 against the feed end of the belts i863 will be pressed by the roller 4S in the manner above described against the feed end of belts E82 so that the belts draw the sheet chain i5?, all as'above described. _ Thus, the belts [email protected] are operated to move across the tabl-e 2E only when the feed-in cross arms 220 and their roller ‘te are in the feed-in po1ition; but since the cross arms 220 are in the feed-in po-V sition only when the screen frame iii-ii is raised, then the belts [email protected] are caused to move across the face of the table 2i! only when the screen frame §30 is raised. When the screen frame E3!) is dropped, then, as above pointed out, the roller carrying arms 220 are moved outwardly and this, through the nut 252, pulls out the push bar 25E and the longi tudinally slidable shaft |95 to disengage the bevel gears |94 and |533 and to disengage the elements E98 and |99 of the clutch 222. Thus, when the screen frame is lowered, the belts |82 are halted. AS above pointed out, the belts mi? ride in »grooves ißt in the table 25. The grooves ISI are of sufficient depth so that the belts E82 may rest therein at least flush with the sur li! in. „ In actual operation, when the screen frame face of -table 2G. It thus becomes necessary to |35 is down in the position of Figure l, the arms raise the belts i213 out of the grooves |`S| above 220 have moved back to a position where the the level of the table 22 when it is desired to op roller 46 just clears the feed-in slat 25. The 45 erate the belts §20. v . belts |89 are not operating at this time as will For this purpose, a driven feed-out roller 250 is shortly be pointedout. The operator feeds a sheet> of paper provided, the said roller being appropriately l on notched at 278i , 25| .to guide and control the belts which a stencil is to be made onto the feed-in slat45 and under the roller 45 up to the portion of belts its on the drive pulleys L32. When the screen frame E32 is raised to the position of Fig ure 2, then this operation simultaneously moves |32 which pass thereover as shown in Figures 3, 13,14, 11 and 12. The roller 25S is driven from the motor Si) (Fig ure 5) through pulley 2|, belt t2, puller;7 83, shaft 84, gear 82, gear 89, shaft 9i? which carries the sprocket 21|). Sprocket 270 is connected by chain in the arms 22|] and simultaneously causes the belts |85 to move. 55 2li to sprocket 272 on cross shaft [email protected] which is , Thus, the roller £5 is moved in, as above mounted in appropriate bearings 2M, 272 across the base frame members l5 and it. paper against the belts and thus permit the belts Pulley 276 on shaft 2l`3 is connected by belt 2T! to draw the paper on to the table 2i). to the pulley 2718 on the cross shaft 2ï9 carried When the screen frame |32 moves down once 60 between the intermediate longitudinal frame more, the roller 45 moves back again so that members 25. Sprocket 285 on shaft 279 drives the all elements are in the position of Figure 1 and chain 28| which drives sprocket 282 on shaft 283. the operator may once more place a sheet lll Sprocket 284 on shaft 223 drives the chain 285 in proper position to be engaged torbe fed in on which drives the sprocket 285 on shaft 2.3i of the the next screen lifting operation. pointed out, to push the leading edge of the 65 feed~out roller 222. The movement of arms 222 which carry the The feed-out roller 260 is mounted in appropri roller 22 into the feed-in position also serves to ate bearings in the vertical standards 290, 290 on engage bevel gears itl-t and |93 and clutch 22S the cross bar 22| which is mounted just beneath to, drive the >belts E52. The drive for the belts |85 through the clutch 222 and bevel >gears E23 70 the table frame i9. Cross bar 2st is mounted on the vertical rods 225 which pass through ap and 'me has already been described. propriate openings in brackets 29S, 2M’ secured It was pointed out above that bevel gear i522 beneath the table frame i9. and clutch element ist are mounted on the The said rods 295 are secured to the bracket in longitudinally . movable shaft §95. Longitudi- ‘ any suitable manner as,> for instance, by ar' nally movable'shaft |55 is connected at the feed 75 ranging the rods 295 so that the lower half sec '2,548,119 ii tion thereof is threaded and by passing the rods 295 through appropriate openings in the cross bar 29| and securing them thereto by appropriate nuts 299. A compression spring 399 on each side is cap tured between an appropriate washer 39| beneath the nuts 299 and the lower horizontal surface of brackets 291. The compressing of spring 399 is determined by the adjustable nut 393 and lock nut l2 during both the down and up position but is, of course, effective only in the up position of Fig ures 12 and 14. The driving connections through the Various chains and sprockets are sufficiently iiexible to permit the roller 269 to be raised and lowered. It will be obvious that, as pointed out in my prior yapplication Serial No. 687,846, the angle which the belts |99 make to the side of the ap paratus will notonly feed the sheet longitudinally 399. The springs 399 tend to drive the rods 295 on to the table 29 but will also carry the sheet up as shown in Figure 14 to a position where the over to the left against an appropriate paper upper side of roller 269 is above the upper surface clamp or stop 359 (Figures 6, and 22 to 29) which of table 29. extends along the left side of the table 29 look The roller 269 is rotatably mounted as will be at the table from the feed end. obvious from an inspection of Figures 3, 13, and 15 ingThe paper clamp 359 comprises a stop element 14 in the slot 3I9 in table 29. When the roller 35| and a clamping element 352. When the 269 is in the position of Figure 14 above the upper clamp 359 is up in the position of Figures 27 and surface of table 20, then the notches 26| in the 29, then only the stop element 35| comes into play roller 269 lift the belts 299 from the position of 20 and the paper sheet is moved over by the belts Figure 11 to the position of Figure 12, lifting the |89 against the side stop 35 I. belts from a position Where they are flush with When the paper clamp 350 is down, the clamp the surface of the table 29 to a ‘position where ing element 352 moves to the position of Figures they are above the surface of the table 29 and 26 and 28 and clamps a sheet on the table be thus may feed a sheet of paper longitudinally 25 tween the clamping element 352 and the table 29, across the table 2 9. thereby holding the sheet firmly on the table. At the same time, whenl the upper surface of In addition, it is necessary to provide a back roller 269 has been raised above the upper sur stop 355 (Figures 3, 7, 26 and 27). Back stop face of table 29, a sheet of paper which has been moved out partly by the belts |89 will ride on the 30 355 moves up and down in the slot 356 in table 29. Back stop 355 is in the up position when the upper surface of the roller 269 which will feed screen frame |39 is raised as is also the clamp the sheet of paper out to appropriate delivery 359 and is in the down position when the screen mechanism. frame |39 is lowered, ' Any appropriate delivery mechanism may be However, the mechanism must be so adjusted used and the said delivery mechanism which may 35 that back stop 355 will not rise immediately upon consist of a delivery belt or belts may be driven the rising of the screen frame |39 since it is first by the belt 3I2, Figure 5, on pulley 3|3 which is necessary to cause the printed sheet to move over driven by the shaft 213. the back stop on to the feed-out roller. When the roller 269 is lowered to the position of Figures 13 and 11, then the belts |89 drop _ down into the notches |8| and at the same time, as pointed out below, the roller 269 drops down to a position where it does not interfere with any thing on the table. The position of the roller 269 is automatically controlled by the position of the screen frame |39 which moves down into engagement with the table frame I9 as shown in Figure 13 to operate the roller 269 from the up position of Figure 14 to the down position of Figure 13. When the screen frame |39 is down, it pushes down the rods 295 thus pushing down the cross bar 29| and thereby pushing down the roller 269 to a position below the top surface of the table 29 wherein both the roller 269 and the belts |89 are flush with or below the level of the table, as shown in Figure 11. When the screen frame |39 rises, then the com pression springs 399 move up the bracket 29| and accordingly move up the roller 269 to a feed The paper stop is mounted on the cross bar 369 which passes beneath the side frame mem bers I8 and I9 in front of the cross bar 29|. Cross bar 369 is provided at its outer end with the rods 36|, 36| on each side which project upwardly through appropriate openings in the table frame pieces I8 and I9. Compressing spring 363 between the cross bar 369 and the dependent bracket 364 biases the cross bar 369 upwardly, said compression spring being centered by the rods 36 I. Thus, the cross bar 369 is biased upwardly, thereby biasing the stop member 355 upwardly to extend through the slot 356 above the level of the table. The stop member 355 is provided with the notch 319 through which the side belt |99 may pass so that the stop 355 does not interfere with the operation of the belt «while it is up and s0 that the stop 355 may project upwardly sum ciently on both sides of the belt to serve as a back stop for the paper. It will be seen from a comparison of Figures out position while, at the same time, moving up 26 and 27 that when the screen frame |39 is up, the belts |99 to a position where they will move the springs 363 on each side urge the cross bar a sheet across the surface of table 29. Thus, it 369 up to raise the back stop 355 and the paper will be seen that in addition to a feed-in mecha. clamp 359. When the screen frame |39 is down 65 nism controlled by the raising and lowering of pushing down the rods 36|, then the cross bar the frame, the movement, both the starting and 369 is down and the stop 359 is below the level stopping, of the belts is controlled by the raising of the table and the clamp 359 is down in and lowering of the vframe through the clutch clamping position. mechanism which in turn is controlled by the The cross bar 369 is connected on one side by feed-in mechanism and at the same time the 70 the paper clamp 359 to the front latching bar height of the belts above the table and the p0 389 which is also provided with a rod 38| ex sition of the feed-out roller for cooperation with tending up through the side frame member I8 a sheet is also controlled by the position of the . and spring biased upwardly. screen frame with respect to the table. The feed-out roller 269 is continuously rotated 75 Thus, the front end of the clamp element 359 2,545,119 13 is> also biased ,upwardly Clamp 350 is so _ar ranged that its clamping element 352 extends yfrom >adjacent the front end of the table up to a point adjacent the rear end of the table as shown in Figures 3 and 7 but does not extend clear up to the stop 355. ` Thus, if the front end of the clamp element 352 is released first, it will pivot upwardly at the rear and on bar 332 being sufficiently ñexible to do this, and it will thus rise sufficiently to release the clamping pressure on the paper sheet. The paper sheet will then be fed over the stop 355 on to the roller 2‘60 by the belts |80. At this time, the stop 355 will rise but since a portion of the paper has already passed the stop 355 and is resting on the roller 260, the paper will be fed out. Accordingly, the screen frame |30, while it presses down the rods 36| at the rear end and the rod 38| at the front end to engage the clamp and move the stop below the level of the table 20, does not directly cause the stop or the clamp to rise when it rises. This occurs because of the latch elements 430, 40| which engage the'edge of the cross bar 360 'in the lowered position of the screen frame as shown in Figures 1, 7, and 27 , 14 the front end of clamp 350 to be raised thereby clearing the clamp from its engagement with the paper on the bed of the machine. Since the belts |80 have been energized, the 5 ` paper is moved over the paper stop 355 on to the roller 250. As seen in Figure 3, this requires only a very short movement. With the paper now on the roller 260, the con tinuance of rotation of the latches releases latches 400 and 40| from the paper stop bar 360 permit ting the paper stop to snap up in position to fur nish an appropriate stop for the next sheet of paper to be fed into the machine. The timing is thus obtained by the length of the latches and ' by the difference in depth of the detents. All of the latches are spring biased toward latching position by the tension spring 440 which biases the bell crank lever 42| in a counterclock wise direction with respect to Figure 1. The top edges of all of the latches are chamfered to per mit them to move to be engaged when the screen frame is lowered. ' By this means, therefore, a simplified method is obtained for clamping the paper sheet and at the same time removing the paper stop from a point where it may interfere with the operation and because of the latch element 402 which en of the screen frame. ' ‘ gages the front cross bar 380 for the clamp 350. '.Í‘he same apparatus provides a simplified se The latch elements 400 and 40| are keyed to quential means for ñrst .releasing the- paper the shaft 4|@ carried between the intermediate 30 clamp to permit the paper to move the fraction frame members 25 so that they operate simul taneously. When the cross bar 360 Ais _pushed down by the action previously described, the edge of cross bar 360 engages the detent in latches 400 and 40 I, ‘ ì ‘ - At the same time, the edge of cross bar 380 is engaged by the detent of latch 402. This moves the stop 3555 down and engages the clamping ele ment 352 of clamp 350 against the table 20 in the position of Figures 26 and 28. When the screen frame |30 rises, the paper stop 355 and the clamp 350 are nevertheless held down b'y the latches 400 and 40| at the back end of the paper stop and latch 402 at the front end for the Clamp. of an inch necessary for it to clear the paper stop and then releasing the paper stop. Even if the paper has not yet reached the roller 260 when the paper stop 355 snaps up, the fact that the leading edge of the paper is over the paper stop and the fact that the belts I 80 are operating are sufficient to ensure that the paper will be fed out. . . The arrangement of the latches 400 and 402 to ensure that the front latch 402 .will release ñrst is particularly shown in Figures 23 and 25. In addition, it is necessary to obtain extreme accuracy of registry of the paper on which a stencil is to be made with the desired portion of the table. ' , As the screen |30 continues to rise, the upper I have found that at times the movement of bifurcated end |3| of oscillating arm ||-4 which the paper up to the side clamping stop element is beginning to move against the collar |34 strikes 35| while it rmoves up against the back stop 355 the adjustable stop 420 on the bell crank lever 42| provides more accurate registry but permitsno 50 which ispivoted at 422 on side frame element 25. adjustment of the registry. The upper end of the bell crank lever 42| is con Accordingly, in Figures 22 to 25 and es nected by pin 424 to the link 425, which in turn is pecially in Figures 28 and 29, I have shown ad connected by pin 425 to the lower end of latch ele justing elements which permit adjustment of ment 40|. the registry. This includes adjusting lingers This rotates the bell crank lever 42| clockwise 350, 450 keyed to the rotatable bar 45| in bear with respect to Figure l and thus through the ings 452, 452 on the supporting bracket 453 of the clamp. link 4.25 rotates the latch element 40| counter clockwise with respect to Figure 1 to release the A lever 400 is keyed to the shaft 45|; a ten back stop 355. 60 sion spring 462 is secured at its upper end to The raising of the screen |30 now operates the the lever 430 and is secured at its lower end to any suitable portion of the frame and thus biases arms 220 to feed in a blank and start the belts lever 430 downwardly biasing the finger 450 out~ |80; the roller 260 also rises up because it is not held by a latch. ' wardly away from the clamp 350. The side 35| of clamp 350 is provided with The upper end ‘of latch element 400 is con 65 slots 65 through which the ends of the fingers nected at 430 to the link 43| which in turn is 45.0 may project as shown in Figures 28 and 29. connected at 432 to the latch element 402 so that The outer end of lever 430 rests on the adjusting the latch 402 is also tripped. screw 410 threaded into bracket 41| supported by The latch 402 is provided with a relatively shal the side frame I8. ' low detent and is relatively shorter so that it is When the screen |30 is up and hence raising rotated more rapidly out of latching engagement the clamp 350, vthe spring 462 pulling down on than the latches 400 and 40 I. lever 450 pulls the linger 450 out as> shown in Thus, when the latches are tripped by opera Figure 29. When the clamp 350 is lowered so tion of bell crank lever 42| by oscillating arm I |4, that its supporting bracket 403 carries down the the front latch 402 releases ñrst. This perm-itsV ' ‘shaft 45 I , then lever 460v is rotated'upwardly 2,548,119 since screw ¿510 is stationary and fingers 450 are pushed in as shown in Figure 28. The degree by which fingers 450 are pushed in on rotation of shaft 45| is controlled by the adjustment of screw 4'l0. Thus, with the screen frame |30 up, the paper is fed in on to the table and moved against the back stop S55 and the side clamp 350. On completion of this move ment and as the screen frame |30 descends, it pushes down both the back stop 355 and the side clamp 350 as above pointed out. This action, as shown in the figures, especially Figures 28 and 29, moves the fingers 450 in the slots 465 being provided in the clamp to permit this action to occur. The iingers 450 at each end thus push against the edge of the paper and slowly push it to the preset point of registryas determined by the adjustment ofthe screw 410. Thus, for sheets of paper which are required to be stencilled with ‘ slightly different margins, a simpliñed rapidly made adjustment is provided, the said sheets being pushed outwardly away from side stop 35| of the clamp Yby the degree to which the fingers 450 enter the slots 465 of the clamp. The screen frame |30 has the general con struction. previously described in my prior ap plication Serial No. 687,846 land is so arranged as to removably support a silk screen. Thus, as seen in Figure 8, it comprises essen tially the pair of longitudinal I-beams |3041 and |305 connected together in any suitable manner. An inking carriage 500 comprises the outer side plates 50i, 502 connected together by the cross bars 503, 504 (see Figures 1, 2, 3, 20 and 21 as well as Figure 8) . . 16 squeegee 530 for various reasons, either- for the purpose of raising or lowering the same or for the purpose of compensating for any cant or tilt thereof, then it is only necessary to turn the nuts 510 on each side and the adjustable plates 540 and 54| on each side will accordingly be raised and lowered. This adjustment may be locked by the locking bolt 585, the head of which bears against the material of the intermediate side plate 520 on each side of slot 550 and Which is captured in the adjustable plates 540 and 54| by the nut 586. The shaft 550 is connected by gears 590 on shaft 550 and gear 59| on shaft 532 to the shaft 532. The shaft 550 extends out on the left side of the machine with respect to Figure 8 to the tilting bar 600. Tilting bar B00 is so arranged that it may be rotated back and forth to rotate shaft 550 back and forth and thus to rotate the shaft 532 back and forth to move the squeegee 530 back and forth. The operation of the tilting bar 600 is demonstrated in Figure 2. When the inking carriage 500 has reached the front end of the machine by means of the appa ratus hereinafter described, the printing frame |30 rises. At this time, the squeegee 530 has been in a trailing position and the tilting bar 600 was in an angular position displaced counterclock wise, which is approximately 45° from the posi tion shown in Figure 2. As the screen frame |30 now rises lifting up the carriage 500, the end 60| of the tilting bar strikes the pin 602 carried by the vertical bar 603 secured by an appropriate bar 004 and bracket 605 to the front side frame I8. This turns the tilting bar 600 in a clockwise direction approximately 45° to the position shown in Figure 2 and, consequently, shifts the squeegee 530 from its original trailing >Each of the side frame members |[email protected] and |3019 of the screen frame is provided with an upper and lower rail 505, 500, respectively, to receive the rollers 500, 509, respectively, on each 40 position to a new trailing position as shown in Figure 19, which new trailing position corre side of the carriage. sponds to the next intended movement of the For rigidity, there is a pair of upper rollers inking carriage 500 back toward the delivery end 508 on each side and a pair of lower rollers 509 of the machine. on each side. The inking carriage 500 may thus When the delivery end of the machine is roll along the upper portion of the screen frame |30 from one end to the other as shown by a comparison of Figures 1 and 2. The intermediate side plates 520 and 52| on each side are supported by the cross bars 503 and 504 which pass therethrough and are se cured thereto. The squeegee or ink spreader 555 is removably secured to the legs 55|, 53| which are keyed to the shaft 532 which is journalled in appro priate bearings in the adjustable plates 540 and 54| slidablyA mounted inside the intermediate side plates 520 and 52|. Shaft 550 is also jour nalled in the adjustable plates 540 and 50| but passes through the said plates and through the reached by the inking carriage 5,00, the tilting bar 600 is in the position shown in Figure 2, but the carriage 500, of course, is at the delivery end of the machine. Now, when the printing frame |30 is again raised, the end 60| of the tilt bar 500 moves under the pin 0H carried by the vertical bar SI2 sup ported by bracket 6|3 from the rear side frame I8. This will rotate the tilting bar 600 counter clockwise once more about 45° and shift the squeegee 530 to the new trailing position with respect to the next movement of the carriage toward the front or feed end of the mechanism. Accordingly, the squeege-e is shifted from one trailing position to the other as the printing intermediate side plates 520 and 52|, passing frame is raised. When the squeegee reaches the through the adjusting slot 500 in the interme end Aof its stroke, it is in the trailing position for diate side plates 520 and 52|. that stroke but must be shifted to the trailing The adjustable plates 550 and 54| are con position for the next return stroke. nected, respectively', to the intermediate side At the same time, this shift must be in such plates 520 and 52| by thD adjusting nut on 65 a manner as not to dislocate the ink supply. By each side which engages the adjusting screw this means, therefore, the shift of the squeegee 51| on each side, which screw is in turn rigidly to the proper trailing position occurs when the secured to the bracket 513 of the adjustable plates inking carriage 500 has been raised up by the 540 and 50 I, respectively. The nut 510 bears on the upper surface of 70 elevation of the printing carriage. The upper ends of the side intermediate frame bracket 580 secured to the top of the intermediate members 520 and 52| are interconnected by the side plates 520 and 52| on each side, the screw 51| passing through an appropriate opening in cross bars 620 and 52 l. These cross bars 620 and 62| project at 625 beyond the intermediate side When it is desired to adjust the position of the 75 plate 52|. the said bracket.