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Патент USA US2550632

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April 24, 1951
Filed Dec. 3, 1947
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Patented Apr. 24, _1 951
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Albert Welz, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to North
Brothers Manufacturing Company, Philadel-i
phia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania.
Application December 3, 1947, Serial No. 789,451
8 Claims.
(01. 81-41)
This invention relates to improvementsin so
transverse body
2 8 which forms a r sliding‘
called “angle” vises'wherein the relatively ?xed V
support for the relatively adjustable jaw 9. At
element of the jaw assembly is pivotally attached
the opposite end of the body member 8 is an up
standing post I!) having a threaded opening for
the jaw assembly to a plurality of positions about 5 ‘reception of the adjusting screw II for the mov
said pivot with respect to said base. Convention
able jaw 9. The adjusting screw H carries at its
ally, the scope of adjustment embraces a pivotal
outer end the conventional handle element l2.
to a base member so as to permit adjustment of
angle of 90 degrees from a normal position of the
jaw assembly parallel to' the base structure to a _
position substantially perpendicular to said base.
The, present improvement has to do with the
character of the strut means which functions vto
The jaw assemblydescribed above is essentially
conventional in form‘and no more detailed de-'
scription thereof is required for an understand;
ing of'the present invention‘. It is to be noted,‘
however, that normally the body member 8 of the
maintain the jaw assembly in the positions of an?
relatively ?xed jaw member 4 will'be supported in
gular adjustment, and a principal object of the
a substantially horizontal position upon the mem
invention is to provide a strut device of simple "1 her 2 through the medium of the pivot bolt 5, at
and inexpensive form which may be readily ap
one end, and an elevated seat l3 at the other end‘
of the member 2. By reason of thepivotal at-'
plied to existing vises without material modi?ca
tachment the entire jaw assembly may be‘ ad
tion of the vise structure as a whole andwhich
will offer no interference or obstruction to the
’ justed angularly between the normal horizontal
work spaces between the jaws regardless of the
position, in which it is shown in full lines in Fig.
angular position of the jaw assembly and regard
1, through an angle of approximately 90 degrees“
less of the extent to which the relatively movable
element of said assembly may be retracted from
to a ‘substantially vertical position as shown'in'
the relatively ?xed element.
The invention will be more readily understood
by reference to the attached drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a vise made
in accordance with the invention, the manner in
which the jaw assembly is adjusted and retained
in the adjusted position being illustrated in broken
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the vise shown in Fig .1;
Fig. 3 is a reduced side elevational view show
ing the jaw assembly in one extreme position of
With reference to the drawings, the vise there
in illustrated comprises a base i which is adapted
to be secured to a table or other supporting struc
ture and which therefore constitutes the ?xed or
full lines in Fig. 3. An intermediate position of;
the jaw assembly is‘shown' in broken lines in
In accordance with the present invention a
strut element I 4 is provided at each side of the
member 2 pivotally attached to said member 2 by‘
a screw IS. The struts lie ?atly against the op'-_‘
posite side faces of the member 2, ‘as best illus-'
trated in Fig. 2, and are movable angularly about
the pivot screws l 5 in their respective planes par;
alleling said side faces. 'As illustrated, each ‘of
the struts is provided with a longitudinal slot ‘l6’,
which receives a screw l'l threaded into the prox
imate side of the jaw member 4. 'If the screws
I5 and I‘! and the pivot bolt 5 are freed suf?i
ciently to permit movement of the jaw member
4 and the struts l4, the jaw assembly may be ad-.
A C? justed about the pivot bolt 5 to a desired position
with respect to the member 2 and may then [be
secured in the adjusted position by tightening the
base member of the vise structure. In the present
instance this base includes a-member 2 which,
while normally ?xed rigidly to the base member
screws l1 and, if desired, the screws, l5.
When the jaw assembly is in the normal posi
I, may be detached for use in machine tools such,v
for example, as drill presses, milling machines 45 tion shown in full lines in Fig. 1 the strut ele
ments M, by reason of their shape, lie entirely bee
and the like, said member 2 comprising recessed
low the upper surface of the body member 8 of
terminal lugs 3, 3 whereby the member 2 may be
the jaw member 4, so that irrespective of the poe
attached readily to the bed plates of said ma
sition of the adjustable jaw 9 with respect to the.
chines. _This feature of construction forms no
part of the presentginven‘tion and the means for 50 jaw ‘l, the struts will offer no obstruction to the
jaw space, i. ‘e., the space between the jaws and‘
releasably attaching the member 2 to the base
the upper surface of the body portion 8 within
member I is not shown..
which the work to be clamped in the vise is re
The jaw assembly of the vise consists of a rel?
ceived. ' Also, the slot [6 is curved longitudinally
atively ?xed member 4 which is pivotally secured
' away from said upper surface of the body portionv
at one end to themember 2, this pivotal con
8, and this curvature is such that throughout the.
nection being effected through the medium of a
bolt 5 which is carried in upstanding ears 6, 6 on
the member 2 and passes through a journal open
ing or openings in the member 4. The member 4
angular traverse ofJthe jaw assembly, the upper
edge of the strut, which throughout the -maj'o'r7
portion of its length from the pivot I5 is curved to
includes the relatively ?xed jaw element 1 and a 60 conform to the slot curvature. never projects be
yond the plane of said upper surface in the area
between the jaws and thereby offers no obstruc
tion to the-jawspace.
At the outer free end of the strut, the slot I5
terminates in an angular offset [8, the function
of which is illustrated in Fig, 3. As the jaw as
3. A vise according to claim 1 wherein the
angular‘ adjustment of thejaw assembly extends
between alternative positions wherein said ex
‘ tension lies substantially parallel and perpendicu
lar to the base respectively, and wherein further
an abutmentis. provided on the base for the strut
sembly approaches the vertical position of ad” ~ when the jaw assembly is in the substantially
perpendicular position.
justment, the edges of the struts l4 approach the
4'. A vi'sei-accordin‘g'fto claim 3 wherein the rela
near sides of the lugs 6. The offsets I18“ of the
slots permit the ?nal small angular adjustment 10' tively ?xed jaw' is pivotally supported between
upstanding»v lugs on the base member, and
of the jaw assembly into the vertical position
without interference between the struts‘ and said:
lugs. Preferably the near edges of the struts will
abut the lugs when the terminal position of the
assembly is reached, as shown in Fig. 3, so as to 15
reinforce the" s‘trut‘s'and rigidiiy the: jaw assem-'
whereinv further. one of said lugs forms said abut
ment for the strut when the jaw assembly is in
said‘ substantially perpendicular position.
5. A vice according to claim 1 wherein the strut
is provided with a- longitudinal slot of ' curved
contour for. reception‘ of a screw threaded into
the side of said extension, which screw when
tightened anchors the strut to said extension.
terminal onset. ls-thereof', and: the corresponding
contour of they strut; permit location of the‘ pivot 20 6. A vise according to claim 5v wherein the
bly whenin this‘) position.
‘ 'Th'e; curved‘. contour of' the" slot‘ t6 and the
slot terminates» at the free end- of the strut in
l5§relatively>close to the-lugs 6; so that the-struts
an angular offset permitting a relatively great
If4‘ may, with length adequate‘ for the. full. 98 de
angular movement of the jaw assembly with
gree angular adjustment of‘ the jaw assembly,
respect to the accompanying movement of the
be-contained substantially completely within the
25 strut.
length:1 of
2, jaw
is substantially‘
4‘. Thus,no
7. A vise according to claim 5- wherein the
upper edge of the strut is curved to conform ap
of'the free ends of the struts ‘beyond. the‘ end: of;
proximately to the curvature of the slot.
the-said jaw member when the said member is in
the’ normal: position‘;
8. A vise comprising a base member, a jaw
" It will‘ be understood that the invention is 30 assembly seating on and pivotally attached to said
base for adjustment as a whole through an.- angle
susceptibleto: embodiment other than that shown.
of at least approximately 90 degrees from the
plane-of the interseating surfaces-and in a plane
normal to the plane of said surfaces, said assemw
I claim?
1‘. A vice comprising a base’ member, a jaw_ 35 bly comprising a pair of relatively- movable jaws
and a-bed» member having a surface de?ning the
assembly comprising a relatively ?xed jaw. pivot
bottom of the work-receiving space between said
ally, secured to. the’ base» member and having a:
jaws, and an adjustable strut. for holding the
lateral». extension normally seating on said mem
assembly in adjusted position on the base, said
ber,. said assembly‘ comprising also» a- relatively
movable jaw slidably mounted on said extension. 40 strut being pivotally connected to the base at a
point. adjoining the jaw assembly pivot, and
and? means for adjusting said; movable jaw longi~
means for releasably securing the strut to the jaw
tudinally of the extension with respect to the
assembly at a point on the bed member above‘
relatively- ?xed:- jaw, the upper surface of said
said plane of the interseating. surfaces and ad
extension de?ning the bottom; of the work-receive
ing space- between said jaws; a- strut‘ pivotally 45 joining a plane containing the work-space-de
secured-to the basefmember adjacent the-pivot of
?ning surface thereof, said strut over the major
the relatively ?xed jaw and extending away- from
part of its length curving away from said last
named plane so as to avoid intersecting the plane
said pivot at. the side of and. approximately:
of said work-space-de?ning surface in the area
parallel to. said; extension and below a- plane- con‘-»
taining said upper surface of; the latter. when: the 50. between the jaws irrespective of the. extent of
the jaw opening or the angular position of the
extension: is-rnormally seated'on ‘the base. and"
means for releasably. securing the strut to- the
jaw assembly on the base.
extension above'the plane of. the inter-seating sur
faces of said jaw assembly and base to maintain
the-assemblyv in the positions tovwhich- it maybe 55
adjusted angularly about. the jaw pivot, said strut
The following references are of record in the
having-ane?ective length: permitting said-i adjust?le of this. patent:
ment of the relatively ?xed. jaw: through an angle
of. not materially less than 90. degrees and being
curved. over the major’ part of- its- length away 00 Number
Vanneman ________ __ Feb. 3, 1874
from. the‘ plane of the upper surface of said jaw
in the drawings and is not. con?ned to vises: o
the particular formv illustrated.
. >
extensionin. the area between the jaws so as-to;
clear said plane in every position of. adjustment of
the jaw.’ assemblyv within the’ scope of. said. angu
Iarv adjustment and irrespectiveof theposition of: 65
the relatively movable jaw on said extension 50
as to have said‘ work-receiving space. continuously
, 2. A vise according to claim. 1 wherein the free
end‘. of the strut terminates approximately at‘ the
proximate end of‘ said extension and‘ wherein 70
further the adjusting means for the movable jaw
comprises a threaded element‘ extending beyond‘
the. extension. end.
Choate __________ __ June 11,
Bowen __________ __ Dec. 31,
Gruntorad ________ __ July 18,
Fahlander ________ __ Apr. 4,
Lapointe __________ __ Apr; 4, 1950
Great Britain ______ __ Feb. 7, 1895
Great Britain ____ __ Dec. 24, 1942
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