close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2551142

код для вставки
Mayl, 1951
>
R, s, Kops
2,551,139
FOUNDATION GARMENT
‘ Filed June 5, 1950'
‘
‘
s sheets-sheet 1
‘ INVENTOR:
RICHARD S. KOPS
ATTORNEY.
May 1, 1951
"
‘Filed June 5, 1950
‘
'
s, KOPS
FOUNDATION GARMENT
_ 2,551,139
'
a Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
RICHARD S. KOPS
ATTORNEY.
May 1, 1951'
R. s. KoPs
2,551,139
‘FOUNDATION GARMENT
Filed June 5, 1950 -
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
F|G.4
'INVENTOR.
I ’ RICHARD s. KOPS
BY"
C‘
ATTORNEY. ‘1
Patented May I, 1951
2,551,139
7 21,551,139?
FbUNDA?ON GARMENT».
4
(Cl? 237-29)
,
This.‘ invention Lre‘la'tésltoi jfonndatio? ‘garments;
21'"
V
.
tendingjffbmItlfe'uppernedgeloffthe' arm
>
l
itsfj ‘weriedge; The front‘ Qanelgl?' sep‘ref v
0.111;‘, in‘ the " shape. 1. of ‘two .trfsipezbidsi. i?YeIEt‘eQ'
relation to; each’ pthepand, ‘joined ‘aldng' thelén
pgQyipLe, a“ fbundati‘on garment? ofi'simpl'e'" re “
tivelyl I light “but sturdy j construction; a
‘
rowtqp f lka'n'd, a ,ynarrbwlgbottqmz [5f The "
of this‘; panel idiyergej .alQn'gi lines" l?’and, 11 1mm.
respectively,
the;extremitiesibf"thetoprgedee.trIpdinteEl’an
‘. and ‘then. converge ‘ a10'n'g;;1i
I8‘
withi relatively;_‘ngr1:o,w., hips; At "thegjsamejtime 10?
1331's; preferably: madeibgqader that; .
pan‘el‘fand
front‘.
so Sliapedf‘? to jprpyide 'airelggltiyehfg,"
‘ difvéigsi‘gsQmliwhat" and. then: converge; slight
is?nreejoiiseperate"bandsqpr:‘beusjjrra emhemeg
qyire gse'parate‘fasténine oriaddlbill .jiandjwéijgm-l
to "the garment; , The “construct r'i’zc'c'jnt‘empleiteql
by ; the; invention‘_jis'_ ,of \ the", _ stje
VOIYGS ‘aisinglélbodj‘encirclin
m
_
_ I
I ‘
permanently conn??ted;‘in‘it?bula fprmfwithqorg
without. a’ partial" opening at f some, con‘vé’n’ient ‘
point‘closableby a slide'fas'tenerror .‘the like; to,
facilitate application‘ of-thfe garment 'tothe ‘b‘edy‘.
The arrangement is such that: a ~'perfeet1y~'smooth‘;
contourds provided=whichedapts the "garment to‘
bev worn beneath ' outerfga-rments ‘of- 'any- desired)
form;
The foregoing objects are ‘attained ' byjthe pro-W
vision of speciahcontrol:panels, ‘having'a parti'bu'-"
1a~r¢fdrm~ and ~ construction; disposed in“ a. "certain \
manner‘at the sides’ of the‘ garmentmveretheihiprs'; .
These;- pane1s-~‘-perform:~ the “ desired” e?eet ; uponvv
thev‘hipsl-w-ithout';however; restricting "the frée-‘
dom "of expansion ~of1§jthe garment *at "the "waist; '
line ‘and around“ the thighs; v
>
Other: 0bje‘cts,_ features; and jjadvantages 'ofithjei
inventionmwill "appearyfrom ,rthe detaij1ed"'_de_ser_ip;-J
tion of '1 an‘ illustrative ‘form? of". the (same ‘which 1}
will now-1 be given in- cdnjunetionwith' the‘ accomf-'
pany-ing d1‘aw1fngsf,~‘i1_i1whijch,:. '
I
Figiv "1' is‘- _a frbnt ‘View of an" illustrative f drm _'Of ‘f
the garment-laid‘?amrj"
’
‘P131215’ a "back view‘of' jsaidigarment ;{
Fig-'31s a detail vie'wshbwizigte leertign of ‘the
garment vas" vi-ewed-=‘from‘ ‘ the "right side rof‘j'fthe ‘
Weare‘rfand
‘
Fig,’ 4 is aésimilargdetaili‘vieweshowing ‘a por-‘
from
tion' ofje
the‘modi?ed
'left' sideiqrm
'of?jthepweal'er;
of ‘the. garmentgas‘
‘
viewed
Referringsnowtd the drawings;;thegemmentfin;
its preferredziformi'commisesi‘a;'frompipenekjI0;‘;
sid‘eipanels 1'] 1"‘ and'l 2-" and a back’ panel‘ "I 3',"a11'“ex=”
2,551,139
.
a)
*
4
_
dicated. The form of stitching employed to con
nect the various panels together should be of a
type permitting elongation or stretch in a di
rection lengthwise of the seam if the panels are .
formed of material having the capability of
vertical stretch. The upper edge of the garment
is preferably reinforced by a tape 24, preferably
panel ll within this area will not modify the
stretchability of this area of the panel or of the
panel II as a whole. Therefore, it is possible to
provide the cut-out portion of the panel with a
scalloped edge, for example, creating any artistic
design within the area de?ned by the lines of
stitching 21 and 29. Or such a design may be
provided within the speci?ed area without cutting
formed of elastic material, whichcompletely en
away any of the elastic material of panel ll.
circles the garment and is stitched thereto along
the lines of stitching indicated; This stitching 10 Moreover, while the elliptical form of the area
de?ned by the lines 21 and 29 is preferred, this
is also preferably of a type capable of extension
may be modi?ed, if desired. For example, the
so as not to interfere with the lateral elasticity
area over which lateral stretching of the section
of the upper end of the garment. Similarly, the
H is inhibited may be diamond shaped or pro
lower edge of the garment is reinforced by an
elastic tape 25 completely encircling thevsame
vided with a scalloped'outline following generally
and secured by the same type of stitching.
Referring now to Fig. 3, the side panel [ l is cut
away in a substantially elliptical area from a point
26, below the upper edge of the panel, along a
smoothly curved line 21 forming one side of the
the contour of the edges 21 and 29. It is pri
marily important that the area in which the lat
eral stretch of the panel I l is substantially elimi
anted should extend in a generally divergent di
ellipse down to a point 28 some distance up from
the region of the point 26 to the points A and B
on a line extending along the hip-line and should
the lower edge of the panel. A correspondingly
curved edge 29 is provided at the opposite side of
the cut-out to complete the ellipse which has its
major axis from 26 to 28 disposed along the axil
lar line of the body of the wearer. The maximum
width of the ellipse, between the points A and B,
is disposed along the hip line of the wearer, i. e.
at the point of maximum girth around the hips.
Underlying the panel I I, in the region of the ellip- ’ .
tical cut-away portion, is‘ a section 30 of mate
rial having substantially no capability of stretch
in a lateral direction, i. e. around the body of
the wearer. If the panel I i is formed of one-way
stretch elastic, the section 30 may be formed of
non-elastic material. However, if the panel ll
isformed of two-way stretch elastic, the section
30 is preferably formed of one-way elastic mate
rialcapable of stretching vertically, or lengthwise
of the garment, but not laterally around the body
of the wearer.
Section 3!! is ?rmly secured to
the panel ll along the edges 21 and 29.
The
stitching employed for this purpose should be of
a type permitting extensibility of the seams if the
section 39 and'the material of the side panel are
capable of stretching vertically. Preferably the
section 38 is shaped to conform with the elliptical
opening or cut-away portion of the panel II and
it is sufficiently larger than the cut-away portion
to enable ?rm attachment, in the manner ex
plained, without danger of pulling out the seams.
However, the section 30 may, if desired, be of any
other suitable con?guration so long as it is stitched
rection from a point, or relatively narrow line, in
then extend in a generally convergent direction
toward the point 28, or a relatively narrow line in
the region of the point 28. For the sake of light
ness, durability, elimination of bulk, smoothness of
surface, and the like, the arrangement illustrated
in Fig. 3, in which the material of panel H is
cut away along the edges 21 and 29, is preferred.
The overall length of the garment may be varied
to suit the requirements, but in the preferred form
it extends from a position well above the waist
line to a position below the buttocks where it
encircles the thighs of the wearer. The point 25,
at the upper end of the cut-away portion of the
side panel, is preferably positioned at or slightly
below the waistline while the point 28 is posi
tioned at least a slight distance upwardly from
the lower edge of the garment. This provides for
the full stretching of the side panels at and above
the waistline and around the thighs, while the
stretch over the hips is gradually decreased from
the waistline to the hip line and then increased
toward a line encircling the thighs.
Panel l2 may be of the same construction as
the panel ii, if desired, having in mind the re
verse arrangement of the longitudinally extend
ing edges at the back and front of the garment.
The tubular member forming the garment may
thus be permanently closed throughout its length,
if desired- To facilitate application of the gar
ment to the body, however, it may be provided
with an opening extending downwardly from
the upper edge to a point substantially along the
to the panel I! along the lines of ‘the opening
hipline of the wearer. This opening may be 10
therein and is free of the panel ll outwardly of
. cated at any suitable point around the garment
those lines. It will be understood, in this con
and may be closed by an appropriate fastening
nection, that the section 30 may be secured to
means. Preferably such means are of the slide
the panel II by a plurality of lines of stitching,
fastener type to facilitate closing of the opening.
if desired, so long as the outermost lines of stitch
ing conform with the general contour of the lines so In the preferred construction the opening in
dicated is located at the left side of the garment
21 and 29. In fact, the panel H may, if desired,
in axial alignment with the cut-away portion of
be left intact instead of providing it with the
the side panel or the vertical axis of the stretch
cut-out opening indicated and described, so long
control section 33. Thus, the opening is prefer
as .the section 39 is stitched to the side panel
along lines corresponding generally with the lines 65 ably disposed along the axillar line of the body
of the wearer. This arrangement is illustrated
21 and 29. The area within the lines 21 and 29
in Fig. 4, in which the left side panel 12 is shown
may, in this event, be provided with any other
as being provided with an elliptical cut-out hav
lines of stitching which may be considered desir
ing the upper end of its major axis positioned at
able from the standpoint of appearance. The se
curement of the section 36 to the elastic material 70 a point 26a below the upper edge of the gar
ment, substantially along the waistline of the
of the panel ll along lines extending generally
in the direction of the lines 21 and 29 will elimi
natev the lateral stretch of this elastic material
within the area de?ned by those lines so that the
presence of any part or all of the material of 75
wearer.
The cutaway or stretch restricted area
is de?ned by sweepingly curved edges 3| and
32 which first diverge and then converge to a
point 28a above the lower edge of the garment.
‘The ‘- maximum. Width" of ~' the " cutiawayj areav ‘ is¥=
located" along a; line C“'—D“~substantialliymat-the;
and Qthe-hi1:>-line_;of~L the »-wearea~ Theeireuma
ferential idimension'ofthe- elastic side-l-panelsrin'-»
hiplineor" the‘wearer, A~sectionw33 of;[email protected]
creases gradually bothv upwardly andv l'downwarda.
similar" to the section tilde-positioned- beneath“
ly~from the‘zone'of minimum-dimension‘... This:
phase of the preferred» embodiment pore-theme
the cutaway area and-"is ‘stitched to 'th'eedges-? l 1
and~'~32 -‘»in1 the- manner »explained»-inconnection
with section-30. Aislit or openingiis-k providedv
from~the~ upper edgeoflthe panel-42 ‘along-an"
vention, combines. l with‘. the . stretch. controlling.
functionof the;sections.3El;.:and:33,i.applied to the,
indicated-.Lareas over. the. hips of "the- wearer,‘ to;
attain, most. advantageously. all. of; the . objects.
extension [loft-he lineli‘rom' 28m to 2Ela~andthis
slit for opening extends downwardlyto alasui-tablee 10 hereinaboye set forth.
What .I claim is:.
point 34, which- is-preferably- along or below» the)
1.. A1. foundation... garment comprising; a. . body;
line~C—D.=. A-- slide fastenerJis-preferably»pro-
vided for closing the-opening thusliprovided-cthe
interengaging and interlocking“ elements 35 of»
the "fastener vbeingucarried ‘by tapes suitably lsee
cured to theiree edges ofl-theiopening. Ander
encircling member adapted to. extendifronrra.
point at or above thewaistline. of. the wearerlto a.
point. below, therbuttocksr said: member. being
formedat least;in part. oft elastic materialcae.
36, of: well-'known'form, is adapted-“to slidegalongi ’ pableiof stretchingand- exertinga con?ningvferca
thesfasteningl elements _ to; interengagetand dis.
engage-the same.
in . a. direction. .around»~» the“ bodym of. the; wearen
throughout the vertical- lengtlr- of’ the ~member,~
Torstiffen the; upperl portion of 'Jthegarment 20 said elastic‘ material being disposed-at “least. in!
and assist in maintaining itin propenposition
part so as toextend around‘ the sides of-the wearer»
on .‘the. body, suitable boning maybe,- provided.
from a line-at the back: to‘ a line-atthe-front, and
This, may suitably- include, a. .pair of stays .131 land;
means comprising- sections - of‘ material having33;.atzthe front of the-garment, preferably. in..~..
substantially no stretch in a-direction aroundthe
clinedslightlyto the vertical along. lines parallel
body‘ positioned in the region of “the hips <of~the
with the edges it. and H ‘of the. front panel. In.
wearer,~one of-said- sections being'stitched-to said"
the reaigo'f the garment similar stays;..3.9;and;.éi'l,
elastic ~material at each side ofthe member along
preferably of somewhat; greater; length .1. than.
lines each‘ of- which extends sfrom a point below
' those at the front,,_. are: provided. these. being
the upper edge of the member to a’pointiabove
preferably carried-by the, backpanel l3;.:an_d .dis
the lower edge of the memben'said ‘lines of stitch‘
posed adjacent to and parallelmwith the edgesg2‘l;
ing at each‘ side extending in generally divergent
and , 2 2 . thereof. Similarstays l5! and rihjmaybe;
directions from the upper end, of said ‘section to
provided. at the sides oftheqgarment,» these-being;
the region of the hip‘ lines and extending‘ in gene.
‘preferably disposed in. Verticalalignmentwith,
the axes of the elliptical cut-outs formed in the; 35 erally convergent directions from saidregion__to;
wardjthe lower end ‘of, said ‘section.’ .
side panels. It will. be understood-thatsuitable
' pockets, to receive‘; and. retain the _ stays ,may be:
formed by tapesappropriately stitched, to the
various panels at the desired points. If the-side
2: A foundation garment comprisinga body en
circling member adapted to extend from a point
at or above the waistline of the wearerto a point
opening described aboveis provided, in>,»the;1nan-1 - 40 below the buttocks, saidmember being formed,
at least in part of , elastic, material capable of
ner indicated in Fig. 4, thestay 4! will, of course,.
be omitted, A corresponding stiffening‘saction is;
provided in this caseby the slidefastener means.
Suitable garter attachments. 43. may ,be- provided‘;
along the lower edge of thetgarmentat appro-. in Cl
stretching and exerting a con?ning force in a di~
rection' around‘ the body of the wearer through
out the vertical length of themember, said elastic.
While apreferred embodimentof- theinventi-on;
material being disposed at least in part so. as to‘
extend around‘the sides of thewearer from. a line
at‘the back to a line atthe front, and means.
and some possiblemodi?cations have-.beengdem
scribed ‘in considerable detail, ‘it will be under:
tially no stretch in a direction around thebodyz
priate points.
comprising sections of material having substan-..
stood'that various other changes may be made, 50 positioned in the region. of the hips of thewearer,
in the construction and. arrangementuof, the,‘
one of said sections being stitchedto said elastic,
various partswithout departingfrom thegeneral
principles and scope of theinvention, Eor ex-.
ample, the bodyenciroling member may, if de,-..
material at each side of the. member. along lines,
each ofywhich extends fromapoint belowithep
upperedge 0f ‘the member to a pointaboye the.
sired; be, formed completely , of elastic, material ‘ ' - lower edge of ‘the member,- said lines ofstitching,
either of the one~way stretch type having ability,
to stretch in a lateral direction around the body
of the wearer or of'the two-Way stretch type of
elastic material- capable, of; stretching longi
at each side extending in generally divergentrdi-b.‘
rections from the upper end of said sectiontol-the.
region. of the hip line and extending in. generah,
1y convergent directions from said regiontoward
tudinally as well'as laterally. So also, when the 60 the lowerend of'said section, said lines ofrstitchg.
garmentlisformed of avpluralityr-of panels of
material of the same or di?erentc types, these
may be shapedrandlarrangedglnaa. variety of dif~
' ferent, ways.
It is primarily important that;
, laterally elastic material be provided from top
» to‘bottom of the side portions .of- the garment
ing at each side of the garment serving toenclose.‘
an area of. generally elliptical form.
I
3. A' foundation garment comprising-a body;en-.
circling member adapted to extend‘ from, a. point
at .or above. the waistline of the wearer to a point‘
below the buttocks, said member being'formed
at. least in part of elastic. material capable'ofv
and;that lateral stretch‘ be. eliminated. or con
trolled in areas, of "the character indicated‘, over
stretching,.,and exerting a oon?ning-forceyin a
the hips. An advantageous feature of the pre
ferred constructioni. illustrated; however, is that 70 directionaround thebody of thelwearer 'through;-.
out the vertical length of the member, portionsloif‘»,
the form-b. of the front andfrear, panels arevsuchi
that, the elastic side panels willhave a maximum
said elastic material, extending around the Sides;
circumferential dimension adjacent the lower
of the wearer from a line at the back to a line at
end of the garment‘ and a minimum circumferen
the front, each of said portions being cut-away in
tial dimension in a zone between the waist-line 75 a region overlying one of the hips of the wearer
2,551,139
7
along lines extending in generally divergent ‘di
rections from a position below the upper edge of
said member to substantially the line of maxi
mum girth around the hips and then extending
in generally convergent directions’ to a position 5
above the lower edge of said member, and a sec
tion of material having substantially no stretch
in a direction around the body stitched to the
edges of each of said portions provided by said
cut-away regions, the arrangement being such
that stretching of said member in a direction
around the body is prevented in each of said cut
away regions but is permitted in areas directly
above and below said regions.
side panels, a front panel and a rear panel each
extending‘ the full length of said member, said
four panels being successively stitched together
along at least a portion of their adjoining edges
into permanently connected tubular form, said
side panels being formed of two-way stretch elas
tic material, said front and back panels being
formed of one-way stretch elastic material so
disposed as to enable stretching of the same lon
gitudinally of the member but not transversely
thereof, each of said side panels having stitched
thereto a section of material having substan
tially no stretch in a direction around the body
but being capable of stretching longitudinally of
circling member adapted to extend from a point
said member, said sections being so disposed as
to extend over the hips of the wearer and being
at or above the waistline of the wearer to a point
stitched to said side panels along lines each of
4. A foundation garment comprising a body en
which extends from a point below the upper edge
of the member to a point above the lower edge
at the sides thereof formed of two-way stretch
of the member, said lines of stitching at each side
elastic material, each of said portions extending
extending in generally divergent directions from
the full length of the member around one of the
the upper end of said section to the region of the
sides of the wearer from a line at the back to a
‘hip line and extending in generally convergent
line at‘the front, and means comprising sections
directions from said region toward the lower end
of material having substantially no stretch in a
direction around the body but being capable of 25 of said section, the maximum width of the area
de?ned by said lines of stitching at each side of
stretching longitudinally of said member posi
said member being substantially less than that
tioned in the region of the hips of the wearer, one
of said front and rear panels.
of said sections being stitched to said elastic ma
7. A foundation garment comprising a body en
terial at each side of the member along lines each
circling member adapted to extend from a point
of which extends from a point below the upper
at or above the waistline of the wearer to a point
edge of the member to a point above the lower
below the buttocks, said member being formed
edge of the member, said lines of stitching at
at least in part of elastic material capable of
each side extending in generally divergent direc
stretching and exerting a con?ning force in a di
tions from the upper end of said section to the _
region of the hip line and extending in generally ' rection around the body of the wearer through
out the vertical length of the member, said elas
convergent directions from said region toward
tic material being disposed at least in part so as
the lower end of said section.
to extend around the sides of the wearer from a
5. A foundation garment comprising a body en
line at the back to a line at the front, and means
circling member adapted to extend from a point
comprising sections of material having substan
at or above the waistline of the wearer to a point A
tially no stretch in a direction around the body
below the buttocks, said member comprising two
positioned in the region of the hips of the wearer,
side panels, a front panel and a rear panel each
one of said sections being stitched to said elastic
extending the full length of said member, said
material at each side of the member along lines
four panels being successively stitched together
each of which extends from a point below the up
along at least a portion of their adjoining edges
per edge of the member to a point above the
into permanently connected tubular form, said
lower edge of the member, said lines of stitching
side panels being formed of elastic materialca
at each side extending in generally divergent di
pable of stretching and exerting a con?ning force
rections from the upper end of said section to the
in a direction around the body of the wearer, said.
region of the hip line and extending in generally
front and rear panels being substantially inca
convergent directions from said region toward the
pable of stretching in said direction, said side
lower end of said section, the area de?ned by
panels being so shaped as to provide greater cir
said lines of stitching at each side of said mem
cumferential dimensions at their upper and lower
ber being substantially symmetrically disposed
edges than in a region intermediate said edges,
in relation to the axillar line of the body of the
each of said side panels having stitched thereto
wearer.
a section of material having substantially no
RICHARD S. KOPS.
stretch in a direction around the body, said sec
tions being so disposed as to extend over the
REFERENCES CITED
hips of the wearer and being stitched to said side
panels along lines each of which extends from a
The following references are of record in the
?le of this ‘patent:
point below the upper edge of the member to a
point above the lower edge of the member, said
UNITED STATES PATENTS
lines of’ stitching at each side extending in gen
Number
Name
Date
erally divergent directions from the upper end of 65
1,889,285
Hart _____________ __ Nov. 29, 1932
said section to the region of the hip line and
below the buttocks, said member having portions
extending in generally convergent directions from
1,968,339
2,384,806
Eatman __________ __ July 21, 1934
Berdach _________ __ Sept. 18, 1945
Kops _____________ __ Jan. 11, 1949
said region toward the lower end of said section.
2,458,712
6. A foundation garment comprising a body en
70
circling member adapted to extend from a point
at or above the waistline of the wearer to a point
Number
FOREIGN PATENTS
below the buttocks, said member comprising two
France ___________ __ Apr. 12, 1937
815,753
Country
Date
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
995 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа