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Патент USA US2576663

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Nov. 27, 1951
w. R. WILLlAMS
2,576,660
RADIATOR LIFT
Filed June 1, 1950
2 SI-IEET'S—SHEET 1
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INVENTOR.
?iéuqlgwe
ATTORNEYS.
Nov. 27, 1951
2,576,660
W. R. WILLIAMS
RADIATOR LIFT
Filed June 1, 1950
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2
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INVENTOR.
Willia?a R. WzlZLanzs'
'
ATTORNEYS.
Patented Nov. 27, 1951
2,575,660
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
1
2,576,660
RADIATOR LIFT
William R. Williams, Tampa, Fla., assignor to
D. H. Brubaker, Tampa, Fla.
Application June 1, 1950, Serial No. 165,483
11 Claims. (Cl. 212-64)
2
This invention relates to a hoist or lift adapted
construction and combinations of parts, herein
after more fully described and pointed out in
the claims, it being undertood that changes may
be made in the construction and arrangement of
parts without departing from the spirit of the
particularly for use in the handling of motor ve
hicle radiators.
'
The repair of a motor vehicle radiator of
necessity involves the total or partial immersion
thereof in water vats for the purpose of testing
the radiator for leaks; many such immersions
are required for the repair of a single radiator.
It will be appreciated that during the course of a
invention as claimed.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a lift
formed in accordance with the invention.
normal work day a mechanic employed in such a 10
Figure 2 is a section taken substantially on
shop will, as a result, be required to raise or
line II-II of Figure 1, a horizontally supported
lower radiators hundreds of times, and when it
radiator being shown in dotted outline.
is considered that such radiators weigh, gen
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail section of one of
erally, not less than 60 and oftentimes more than
the clamping heads taken substantially on line
“300 pounds, it is readily seen that the mere lifting"
III—III of Figure 1.
and lowering of the radiators use up much of
Figure 4 is a side elevational view of the lift,
the worker’s time and further is quite fatiguing.’
supporting a radiator vertically and illustrated
It is the general object of the present invention
adjacent a vat in which said radiator is to be
to eliminate this undesirable situation by the
immersed.
provision of a lift which will do all that a
Referring to the drawings in detail, I is any
mechanic would otherwise be compelled to do in
suitable base, here illustrated by way of example
respect to changing the location and/or position
as being a cast circular base having the central
of the radiator.
threaded recess 2 in which is mounted the
For speci?c objects the invention has as one
threaded lower end of the cylinder 3 of substan
important purpose the provision of a lift of the
tial length and formed preferably from heavy
type stated specially designed for a much longer
tubular metal stock.
vertical travel than has heretofore been pos
The cylinder 3 extends vertically from the base
sible, to my knowledge, in low tonnage lifts.
u
I and at its upper end is provided with a guide
Another important object is to provide a lift
ring 4 pressure-?tted into the bore of the cylin
designed to support and lift, easily and without
der. Intermediate the ends of the cylinder, a
binding, a radiator disposed well away from
stop ring 5 is drive-?tted in the cylinder bore, the
the lift, for movement of said radiator into and
vrings 4 and 5 having registering central openings
out of water vats as necessary.
in which slides the piston rod 6. The piston rod
Another object is to provide a lift that is
is of a length approximately rather closely the
speci?cally adapted not only for elevation and
length of the cylinder, as readily seen from Fig
lowering of an automobile radiator through a
ure 1 wherein the piston is seen at the lower limit
long range of vertical movement, but also will
of its travel within the cylinder.
permit the supported radiator to be swung bodily‘
By means of a thread connection ‘I the lower
in a circular path around the lift, rotated in posi;
40 end of the rod 6 is secured to a cylindrical piston
tion in a vertical plane, and rotated in position
8 that is reciprocable within the cylinder between
in a horizontal plane, thus to permit movement
the base I and the stop ring 5. That portion
of the radiator from a workbench to an adjacent.
of the cylinder bore within which the piston
vat or from one vat to another, reversal of the
works is honed for smooth and tight piston op
radiator side for side or end for end, or a come 45 eration therein and may be rebored if such is
bination of any of said movements.
n
found desirable or necessary. A cup washer 9
Another important object is to provide a lift
is ailixed to the lower or outer end of the piston
of the character stated that will support a radia
to prevent leakage of the pressure fluid past the
tor while leaving almost all surfaces of the ra-:
piston.
cliator fullyv exposed and completely accessible to. 50 The rod 6 has a threaded upper end 10 ex
the workman performing testing or repair opera-' .
tions thereon.
tended through, the central opening ll formed in
the closed upper end l2 of a sleeve jacket I 3, the
~' a.
With the'foregoing‘ and other objects in vievli.‘
jacket being also formed of heavyétubular metal
which will-appear as the description proceed
the inl’én?dn .whsists-Qr certain navel ‘remap
stock and being of elongatedv
55
' mation.
The
jacket ?tsoventhe cylinder s, an .:.is in sliueble
2,576,660
3
At its outer
end the post 34 is provided with an angular han
dle 38 for facilitating rotation of the screw or
post.
a length that will cause it to lap the cylinder
to a substantial extent even in the position of
The mounting of the plate or clamping head
36 is particularly well shown in Figure 3, wherein
maximum jacket elevation.
it is seen that the plate is formed with a ball
socket 39 receiving the ball 40 formed upon the
The threaded upper end it] of the rod 6 is
?xedly connected to the upper end of the jacket
as by nuts l4 and I5.
Extending laterally from an intermediate por
tion of the jacket is a pair of arms I6 in the pres
ent instance formed from ?at bar material, said
arms being welded at I‘! to the jacket in spaced
relation and being extended downwardly at a
steep incline from the side wall of the jacket.
The arms iii are parallel and at their lower ends
are made rigid by welds !8 with a vertically po
post 34, thus to give the head 36 universal move
ment upon the end of the post.
The following characteristics with respect to
the clamp are worthy of note. The clamp is
adapted to grip radiators of any size or thickness,
by reason of the length of the yoke, and adjust
ability of the clamping heads toward and away
from each other. Any radiator so gripped,
meanwhile, is almost fully exposed for making
accessible to the workman any portion thereof
sitioned circular supporting plate is disposed
on which repair work is to be done. The spacing
of the arms 23 is such that interference with tools
being used, etc., is held to a. minimum.
With further reference to the manner of use
of the device, the universal mounting of one of
transversely of the lower ends of the arms and
constituting a stationary base on which a circu
lar plate 28 may rotate. The plate 26 is formed
to the same diameter as plate Hi. This arrange
ment de?nes a main swivel connection supported
by and to one side of the jacket.
A weld 2i rigidly secures to the rotating plate
the clamping heads adapts the clamp to special
surface formations of a particular radiator.
'
20 the bight 22 of a U-shaped tubular yoke hav
ing wide-spread parallel horizontal arms 23.
This yoke has rotative movement with the plate
20 on an axis parallel to the arms 23, the plates
I9, 23 having registering openings 24, 25 pro
viding bearings for a heavy bolt 26 formed at its
head end with a non-circular shank 21 ?tting
into a corresponding non-circular opening of the
bight 22. The bolt 26 extends through a central
opening formed in a bearing plate 28 extending
Then, additionally, the radiator is supported for
swivelling movement in a horizontal plane by
reason. of the rotative mounting of the clamping
heads upon the posts, 3| and 34 respectively.
Thus, to sum up the several operating charac
teristics or features of the lift in respect to the
handling of a supported radiator, it may be noted
that the radiator is lifted or lowered vertically
through a substantial distance, by actuation of
3. the piston 8. This permits a workman to move
a radiator from a work bench and into and out
of high-walled tanks or vats T. Rotation of the
transversely of the arms l6 and spaced rear
wardly from the plate IS. The arms l6 have
notches 29 in which the ends of the bearing plate
are supported, and lock nuts 30 are threaded
jacket upon the cylinder 3 is imparted manually
by the workman during the elevation or lowering
i. of the radiator, so as to position the radiator
above a particular bench or tank T.
upon the bolt to hold the parts assembled.
By reason of the arrangement so far described,
Rotation of the radiator in a vertical plane is
it is observed that there is provided a horizon
permitted by the rotating connection I9, 20, while
tally extended yoke supported by the jacket for
rotation in a horizontal plane is provided for by
the rotatable mounting of the clamping heads
upon their associated posts.
rotating movement upon a horizontal axis dis
posed centrally between and parallel to the arms
of the yoke. The entire yoke, meanwhile, swings
bodily through a circular path the center of
which is the vertical axis of the jacket, this be
ing so by reason of the fact that the jacket it
self is permitted rotation upon said vertical axis,
the opening I! at the upper end of the jacket
being a smoothw-alled opening through which the
threaded upper end of the rod 6 extends, whereby
As a means for imparting upward and down
ward travel to the jacket I prefer to utilize a
liquid such as oil forced into the cylinder and
ii 1.)
distance. Rotatablymounted upon said post is
a circular clamping head 32 whichis preferably
against the piston by application of air pressure
to the body of liquid, this means being well
adapted to supply the requisite force while still
possessing the desirable attributes of low initial
and operating costs. To'this end, a supporting
the jacket is in eifect swivelled upon a spindle
constituted by the upper end of said rod.
Adjacent the outer or free end of one of the
arms 23, I ?xedly secure to said arm a short post
3] extending toward the opposite arm 23 a short
bracket includes a plate 4| welded or otherwise
made rigid with the lower portion of the cylinder
(if
provided on its work-engaging face with a pro
tective cushion or facing 33 of rubber or other
material of equivalent characteristics.
4
having the protective facing 31.
contact with the outer surface of the cylinder,
so that the cylinder in effect telescopes within
the jacket. In this connection, the jacket is of
‘
3. and also rigid with the laterally extended arm
42 the outer end of which is provided with plate
as rigidly attached to the wall of a liquid reservoir
M. containing a supply of liquid, 45, there being
a space 46 left at the upper end of the reservoir
into which air is forced under pressure. A ?uid
pressure line 41' extends from the lower end of
the reservoir to the lower end of the cylinder 3,
In opposition to and cooperating with the
clamping head 32 in gripping a radiator R is an 65 and through this the liquid is forced, against the
cup washer 9 to impart upward movement to the
other clamping head. This is mounted for move
ment toward or away from the head 32 and to‘ this
For forcing air into the reservoir, there is pro
end is mounted upon a threaded post 355 preferably
vided an air pressure line 48 extending to the
provided with a quick tllead for speedy adjust
upper end of the reservoir and suitably valved
ment toward and away from the object to be
for’swift and easy control by the workman. A
clamped. The post 36 is threadedly engaged in
conventional two-way valve can be utilized, or
the threaded transverse opening 35 formed in the
there can be provided‘, as‘shown, a valve arrange
other.’ arm 23 adjacent tlie‘i‘ree end thereof.
" ‘- At its inner end]. the‘ post ' 343 rotativelyi' ‘and
piston.
'tiltable} suppdrtssareunr clampm
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whlbhex'teridsla ‘supply- line; at
an‘ i?let'lvalve.
5
5| interposed therein.
asvdaao
On the other side of the
T is the relief valve 52.
When the valve 5| is
opened with valve 52 closed, air is forced under
pressure into the reservoir, causing elevation of
the connected piston, rod, jacket, yoke, and as
sociated parts. When the radiator is to be low
ered, valve 5| is closed and valve 52 opened,
6.
horizontal axis, said yoke having a pair of spaced
horizontal arms integral with said bight anddis
posed at opposite sides of said axis, and radiator
clamping means mounted upon and between the
outer ends of the arms of the yoke.
»
6. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising a
standard, arms rigid at their inner ends with the
standard and extending laterally and downward
ly away from the standard, a U-shaped yoke ex
10 tending horizontally from the outer endsiof the
Apart from the operating characteristics of the
arms’ in a direction away from the standard, the
device in'connection with movements which can
bight of the yoke being connected to said outer
be given the supported radiator and variations ' ends for swivelling movement on a horizontal axis,
relieving the air pressure as a result of which
lowering of the radiator takes place by gravita
tional action.
in sizes of radiators that can be accommodated,
said yoke including spaced apart yoke arms paral
it is believed of importance to note that the con 15 lel to and disposed at opposite sides of said axis,
struction is one particularly adapted to support
and clamping heads adapted for engaging oppo
the heavy radiator well to one side of the lift so
as to permit immersion from above into the center
portion of a tank T of substantial size, while still
site faces of a radiator and respectively mounted
on the yoke arms for rotation on an axis perpen
dicular to said ?rst named axis.
_
permitting vertical travel through a substantial
7. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an
distance and while still preventing binding the
upstanding cylinder, a ‘piston working therein, a
lift, which would normally result in a device hav
rod concentric with said cylinder and secured to
ing these characteristics. This desirable feature
the piston, a sleeve jacket secured to said rod
obtains through the relative formation and ar
and concentric with and surrounding the cylin
rangement of the cylinder 3, the piston rod 6 25 der, and means on said jacket adapted for grip
spaced from the cylinder wall by the guide and
ping a motor vehicle radiator and supporting said
stop rings and piston, and the elongated jacket
radiator in spaced relation to the side wall of the
concentric with the piston rod and cylinder and
jacket.
slidably ?tted upon the cylinder over an area ex
8. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an
tending a substantial part of the length of the 30 upstanding cylinder, a piston working therein, a
cylinder, to an extent, in fact, that causes the
rod concentric with said cylinder and connected
jacket to lap the cylinder to a substantial extent
at one end to the piston, a sleeve jacket concen
even at maximum elevation of the jacket.
trio with and surrounding the cylinder, said sleeve
I claim:
jacket having slidable contact with the outer sur
1. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an 35 face of the cylinder and being swivelled upon the
upstanding cylinder, a sleeve jacket surrounding
and slidable longitudinally of the cylinder and ro
tatable 360° about the cylinder, arms rigid with
and inclined downwardly from the jacket, radi
rod, and means extending laterally from the jack
et and adapted for gripping a motor vehicle ra
diator.
9. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an
ator rotating means carried by said arms and ro 40 upstanding cylinder, a piston working therein, a
tatable 360° on a substantially horizontal axis and
piston rod connected at its lower end to the pis
radiator-gripping means carried by said radiator
ton and mounted slidably inside the cylinder, a
rotating means, including two pivots rotatable
sleeve jacket swivelly connected at its upper end
360° with their axes of rotation substantially nor
to the upper end of the rod, said cylinder, rod,
mal to said axis.
~15 and jacket being concentric and said jacket hav
2. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an
ing a sliding ?t upon the outer surface of the
upstanding cylinder, a sleeve jacket surrounding
cylinder, arms rigid with and extending laterally
and slidable longitudinally of the cylinder, arms
and downwardly at an incline from the side wall
of the jacket, a yoke swivelled on a horizontal
a swivel on the outer ends of the arms, a yoke on is axis to the outer ends of the arms, and radiator
said swivel, and radiator-clamping means car
clamping heads mounted upon the yoke for ro
ried by said yoke.
tation on an axis perpendicular to the swivel axis
3. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising a
of the yoke.
standard, arms rigid therewith at their inner ends
10. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising an
and extending downwardly and laterally away 5 elongated vertical cylinder, a piston having a
from the standard, said arms being otherwise free
sliding ?t in the lower portion of the cylinder,
means for applying force to said piston for im
of connections to the standard, a horizontally dis
rigid with and extending laterally from the jacket,
posed yoke swivelly connected to the outer ends of
the arms, and radiator-clamping means carried
by said yoke.
.
4. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising a
standard, arms rigid at their inner ends with the
standard and extending laterally and downward
parting upward travel thereto within the cyl
inder, an elongated piston rod connected to the
piston and extending upwardly therefrom with
in the cylinder, a sleeve jacket having a closed
upper end mounted upon the upper end of the
rod for rotation on the axis of the rod and cylin
ly away from the standard, a U-shaped yoke ex
der, said cylinder, rod, and jacket being concen
tending horizontally from the outer ends of the 65 tric, arms rigid with the jacket intermediate the
arms, the bight of the yoke being swivelly con
upper and lower ends of the jacket and extending
nected to the arms, and a radiator clamping
downwardly from the jacket at an incline, a yoke
means mounted upon said yoke.
the bight of which is connected to the arms for
5. A motor vehicle radiator lift comprising a
swivelling on a substantially horizontal axis, said
standard, arms rigid at their inner ends with the 70 yoke extending horizontally away from said arms,
standard and extending laterally and downward
iy away from the standard, U-shaped yoke ex
tending horizontally from the outer ends of- the,
and radiator clamping heads mounted upon said
yoke for rotating on an axis perpendicular to the
axis of swivelling movement of the yoke, one at
arms, the bight of the yoke being connected to
least of said heads having a universal connection
said outer ends for swivelling movement on a,
with theyoke.
'
2,576,660
8
7
tending laterally away from the arms, and clamp
‘11.41 ‘motor~ vehicle‘ radiator lift comprising an
ing heads mounted upon the yoke and rotating
elongated vertical ‘cylinder, a piston having a
on an axis perpendicular to the axis of swivelled
working ?t within the lower portion of the cyl
movement of the yoke, one atleast of said heads
inder, means for applying. force against the lower
end of the piston for imparting upward movement 5 being adjustable toward’ and away from the other
head and being universally connected to the yoke..
thereto within the cylinder, a rod concentric with
and extending substantially the entire length of
WILLIAM R. WILLIAMS.
the cylinder, said rod being spaced from the side
wall of the cylinder, guide rings in which said rod 10
‘REFERENCES CITED
is slidable and holding the rod centered within
The
following
references are of record in the
said cylindena sleeve jacket having a closed upper
?le
of
this
patent:
.
end ‘swivelled upon the upper end of the rod and
moving'upwardly and downwardly with the .rod
UNITED STATES PATENTS
and _piston,-said jacket surrounding and having
a snug sliding ?t upon the-outer surface of the 15 Number
‘485,742
der side-wall a substantial distance in the upper
941,137
Name
Date
Herzberg et a1. ___y_-___ Nov. 8, 1892
Falcone ____-_>_____‘__ Nov. 23, 1909
51,964,119
1,978,999
Hendry __________ __ June 26, 1934
‘Jones ____________ __ Oct. 30, 1934
cylinder side wall, the’jacket lapping the cylin
most positionvof the jacket relative to the cylin
der, arms rigid with an intermediate portion of
the ‘jacket and inclined downwardly and away 20 2,419g813
from ‘the 'jacket,~a yoke swivelled upon and ex
Berchtold _________ __ Apr; 29, 1947.
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