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Патент USA US2583403

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Jan. 22, 1952
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‘
W. J. WADE
2,583,400
DUCK AND GoosE CALL
Filed April 15, 194e
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w27/fm «fn/[email protected]
Patented Jan. 22, 1952
2,583,400
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,583,400
DUCK'AND GoosE CALL
William J. Wade, Seattle, Wash.
Application April 15, 1946, Serial No. 662,218
.4 Claims. (Cl. »4B-»180)
‘This invention relates to a duck and goose call
of a type used by hunters to attract wild ducks
Fig. `9A is a detached fragmentary longitudinal
sectional view of another modified form of reed
and geese.
An object of this invention is to provide a wild
duck and goose call that is adapted for hand
assembly.
Fig. 10 is a detached longitudinal sectional view
of a reed assembly having two reeds provided
therein.
Fig. ‘11 is a View partly in side elevation and
operation rather than operati-on by mouth.
Another object is to provide a wild duck and
partly in section and with parts broken away,
goose call in which the reed portion of the in
showing a duck and goose call of modified form.
strument is shielded from dampness so that it
Fig. l2 is a cross sectional view taken 'substan
will not become impaired by water or freezing. 10
tially on broken line I2-I2 of Fig. 11.
Another object of the invention is to provide
Like reference numerals designate like parts
a duck and goose call embodying a member hav
throughout the several views.
ing a sound chamber therein, a hollow collapsible
Referring ñrst to Figs. 1 to 8, I show a duck
rubber bulb connected with said member and a
and goose call comprising Ya hollow body member
reed assembly positioned within said bulb and
S5, preferably shaped to simulate the head of a
operated by air set in motion by the compressing.
waterfowl although obviously said body may be of
of said bulb, said reed assembly communicating
any other external configuration.
with said sound chamber.
The body I5 is internally recessed to provide
Another object is to provide a duck and goose
call embodying a member having a sound cham 20 a sound chamber or cavity I6 and the cavity I6
has an opening I'l 'extending along the bottom
ber therein and provided with `means for adjust
thereof, as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3. Opposed
ing the area of an opening between said sound
longitudinal grooves I8 are provided in the body
chamber and the atmosphere to thereby >vary the
volume of sound emitted.
member I5 along opposite sides of the opening
'
I1 for the reception of preferably two slide mem
bers I9 and 2D. A finger piece 2I is provided on
Another object is to provide a duck and goose
call in which the sound is produced by a vibratory
reed and in which tone control means is provided
each slide member I9 and 29 to facilitate move
ment of the slide member along the grooves I8.
in engagement with said reed and longitudinally
adjustable along the same to vary the tone pro
duced by said reed.
Another object is to provide a duck and goose
call >in which the sound is derived from vtwo in
dependent reeds to provide a blending of lsounds
and in which each reed is provided with inde
pendently adjustable tone control means to aid
in producing~ realistic calls.
Other objects Aof this invention will be apparent
from the following description taken in connec
tion with the accompanying drawings.
The slide members I9 and 29 operate like sliding
doors to regulate the `area of the opening I1. The
grooves I8 extend beyond the ends of the opening
I1 to allow .retractile movement of the slide mem
bers I9 and 20 substantially clear of the said
opening I1.
Fig. 5 illustrates an alternative manner of pro
viding sliding means to vary the area of the open
ing inthe lower portion of the body member of a
duck and goose call. li‘ig.V 5 discloses a body
member I5’ having a cavity I6’ and an opening
I'I’ corresponding to parts I5, I6 and I1 of Figs.
l to 4. The body member I5’ has external lon
gitudinal ribs I4 that are slîdably engaged by
hook-like edge portions I3 of a slide I9' which
is movable to vary the area of the opening I1’.
Obviously another slide like the slide I9’ can be
provided to operate in the same manner as the
two slides I9 and 20 of Figs. 1 to 4.
A tubular fittingy 22 is ñxedly secured within
'
In the drawings Figure 1 is a longitudinal sec
tional view, with parts in elevation, showing a
duck and goose call constructed in accordance
with my invention.
Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are cross sectional >views of said
device taken on brokenlines 2---2` 3-3 and [-4
of Fig. l.
Fig. 5 is a .cross sectional view showing volume
control means of modified form.
~
_ Fig. v6 is a detached longitudinal sectional -view
of a reed assembly of 4the type shown iniFig. 1.
Figs. 7 and -8 are cross sectional views of said
reed assembly taken on broken lines 'I-l and
8-8 respectively »of Fig. 6.
Fìg.,9 is a detached longitudinal sectional view
of a modiñed form of reed assembly.
0
theopen end portion of the body member VI5 and
projects therefrom, as shown in Fig. 1. A ñange
23 on the bottom portion of the fitting 22 extends
a substantial distance into the cavity IG and the
slide I9, when retracted, is positioned under this
flange 23.
A collapsible hollow bulb member 24, prefer
2,588,400
3
4
ably formed of rubber, has a neck portion 25 that
support the reed engaging member 34 and the
ñts over the fitting 22. Preferably means 28 is
provided on the bulb member 24 to facilitate
suspending this device from the belt of a person
using the same.
bracket 35 can be dispensed with. Thus the
reed contacting member can be supported and
guided by means that extends outwardly from
A reed assembly supported by the fitting 22
protrudes into and is housed by the bulb 24. This
ber 21 that fits snugly within the fitting 22 and
a reed support 28 that is secured to the plug
member 21, preferably by fitting it into said plug
Fig. 9 shows a reed assembly in which the reed
32 is held by clamping the butt end portion 43
theerof between the cylindrical member 21 and
the reed support 28, the rubber band 33 shown in
Fig. 1, for adjusting the tone control means
34, 35 being omitted in Fig. 9. The reed support
member 21. Preferably the plug member 21
and the portion of the reed support 28 that tele
scopes thereinto have interfltting ribs and
shown in Fig. 9 preferably has a bottom portion
40 that is curved to substantially the same shape
as the top side of said reed support and a tone
reed assembly comprises a cylindrical plug mem
the plug member 21.
grooves as shown in Fig. 8, to minimize side swing
control bracket 35', similar to bracket 35 is pro
vided with inwardly bent portions 36', one of
which is shown, that extend around and engage
The reed support 28 has a groove or air chan
with the curved bottom 48.
nel 29 therein. The groove 29 communicates
Fig. 9A shows a reed engaging member 65 sup
through an opening 30 with an expanding or bell 20 ported by an overhanging plate 66 that is rigid
shaped opening 3| in the member 21. The groove
with and carried by the plug 21. Guide means,
29 extends longitudinally along one side of the
such as lugs 61 on member 65 operating in a slot
reed support 23 and the bottom of said groove is
68 of plate 66, provide for adjustment of member
of the reed support 28 and to provide a better
connection between these two parts.
curved so that said groove is of gradually in
65 either by application of the fingers directly
creasing depth from its outer or left hand end,
theerto or by means, such as wire 38 of Figs. 1
and 6.
Fig. 6, toward its inner or right hand end, which
is connected with the member 21. A reed 32 is
Fig. 10 shows a construction in which two
positioned over the channel 29. The thickness of
reeds 45 and 46 are provided on opposite sides of
this reed is necessarily exaggerated in the draw
a reed support 41. The reed support 41 has two
ings. In practice I ñnd that a reed having a 30 grooves 48 and 4S over which the respective reeds
thickness of about ten thousandths of an inch at
45 and 46 are positioned. Two independently
the base end, shown at the right in Fig. 6, and
adjustable tone control devices 50 and 5| are
from four to six thousandths of an inch at the
provided for the respective reeds 45 and 46.
tip end, shown at the left in Fig. 6, is satisfac
These tone control devices are similar to the
tory. The base end portion of the reed 32 is se
tone control devices shown in Figs. 1 to 8 ex
cured to the reed support 28, as by a rubber band
cept that the adjusting wires are omitted in
33. The tip end portion of the reed 32 curves
Fig. l0. The use of two reeds makes it possible
away from the adjacent face of the reed sup
to secure a blending of tones not obtainable with
port 28.
a single reed.
An adjustable damping device, herein referred 40
Figs. 11 and 12 show a modified form of the
invention in which the body portion of this duck
to as a tone control, contacts the reed 32 and is
movable longitudinally thereof. The tone con
and goose call is not only shaped like the head
trol shown in Figs. 1 to 4, 6, 'I and 8, comprises a
of a waterfowl but is made in two parts 52 and
reed engaging member 34, preferably of non
53 which are relatively hinged for opening and
closing movement toward and away from each
metallic material, such as fiber. The reed en
gaging member 34 is mounted within a bracket
other to provide for adjusting the volume of
member 35 of inverted channel shape, Fig. '1. The
sound. The two parts 52 and 53 are mounted
bracket member 35 has inturned end portions
on a tubular member 54 that has a rubber bulb
36 that engage within and are movable along
55 theron and carries a reed assembly 56. The
grooves 31 in the sides of the reed support 28.
bulb 55 and reed assembly 56 are similar to the
bulb and reed assembly shown in Fig. 1, except
The curvature of the grooves 31 conforms to
that the tone control adjusting wire 40 is pref
the curvature of the top portion of the reed sup
erably omitted. One of the body parts, such as
port 28, see Fig. 1, and the reed engaging mem
part 52, may be ñxed to the tubular member
ber 34 is spported so that it will always hold
54 and the other part 53 may be pivotally mount
the portion of the reed 32 engaged thereby in
ed, as by means 51, for opening and closing move
contact with the top portion of said reed en
ment relative to the part 52. A close fitting rub
gaging member. Movement of the reed engag
ber band 58 can be used to encircle the parts 52
ing member 34 along the reed 32 will provide a
and 53 at the end portions thereof that ñt over
bration of said reed 32. The bracket 35 and 60 the tubular member 54 to yieldingly urge the
two members 52 and 53 together. A screw 59
reed engaging member 34 can be adjusted along
can be used to relatively move and hold these
the reed 32 by removing the bulb member 24
two members apart. Preferably the edge por
and directly applying the fingers to the bracket
tions 50 of the two members 52 and 53 overlap
35. However, Figs. 1, 2, and 6 show an adjust
ing member in the form of a wire 38 connected 65 each other, as shown in Fig. 12, when the two
with the bracket 35 and extending through a
parts 52 and 53 are closed relative to each other.
In relatively moving the two parts 52 and 53
groove 39 of cylindrical plug member 21, see
from a closed to an open position these parts will
Fig. B, into the cavity I5. The end 42 of the Wire
first begin to open at the outer end or tip and
38 in the cavity I6 is preferably bent, as shown
in Fig. l, whereby the user may insert a finger 70 the opening along the sides will taper conver
through the opening I1 and engage the end por
gently from the outer end toward the inner end.
tion 42 to adjust the tone control. Obviously if
This has been found to provide an eiiicient and
the wire 38 is a relatively strong spring wire
satisfactory control for varying the volume or
guided so that it will have substantially no side
loudness of the sound, and to a certain extent the
play this wire alone can be successfully used to 75 tone of the sound.
’
variation in the tone emitted as a result of vi
5
2,583,400
In the use of this duck and goose call the user
usually hangs the device from his belt in a posi
tion where the bulb 24 can readily be grasped
by the lingers of one hand with the thumb on
the outer end of the bulb. By pressure of the
thumb against the outer end of the bulb the
bulb is compresed and air forced out through the
reed carrying assembly and past the reed. This
t?
tone control member contacting said reed and
movable longitudinally thereof, said tone con
trol member being entirely housed within said
bulb and said body member; and ñnger engag
ing means on said tone control member acces
sible through said sound chamber opening,
whereby said tone control member is operable
from within said sound chamber for adjusting
vibrates the reed and produces a sound similar
said tone control member.
to that of a waterfowl. The amount of air il)
3. In a duck and goose call a reed assembly
expelled and the velocity at which this air passes
comprising a tubular plug member; a reed sup
the reed can both be very accurately controlled
port extending outwardly from said plug mein
by movement of the thumb thus applied to the
end of the bulb. This gives the operator an
instantly responsive control by which he can, ;
to a certain extent, vary the tone and loudness
and time duration of the call. Adjustment of
the tone control means 34, 35 makes it possible
to secure further variations in tone or pitch
of the sound. Adjustment of the area of the
opening Il of Fig. 1 or the area of opening be
tween parts 52 and 53 of Fig. 12 will vary the
volume or loudness of the sound emitted, propor
tional to the area of the opening, and to a cer
tain extent, will vary the tone.
The foregoing description and accompanying
drawings clearly disclosed preferred embodi
ber; a tapered longitudinal groove in said reed
support; a vibratory reed positioned over said
groove; a reed holding means connected with the
base portion of said reed; a U-shaped bracket
fitting over said reed support; a tone control
member carried by said bracket and engaging
said reed; and means on the read support en
1 gaged by the bracket to guide the bracket for
longitudinal adjustment along the reed support.
4. In a duck and goose call, a reed assembly
comprising a tubular plug member; a reed sup
port extending outwardly from said plug mem
ber;
two longitudinally
extending tapered
grooves provided in different sides of said reed
support; two vibratory reeds positioned over the
respective grooves; means securing the base por
-tions of said reeds to said reed support and plus,r
ments of my invention but it will be understood
that changes in the same may be made within
the scope of the following claims.
36 member; and two tone control members con- Y
I claim:
tacting the respective reeds and independently
1. In a call of the class described, a body por
adjustable longitudinally of the respective reed
tion having a chamber therein, said chamber
members.
having an opening; slide means movable to reg
WILLIAM J. WADE.
ulate the area of said opening; a collapsible hol- "
low rubber bulb connected with said body por
tion; and reed type sound producing means com
municating with said chamber and shielded in
said bulb and adapted to be operated by move
ment of air produced by compressing said bulb.
2. In a duck and goose call, a hollow body
member having a sound chamber therein, said
sound chamber having an opening to the atmos
phere positioned along one side thereof; a sound
producing device communicating with said
sound chamber, said, sound producing device
having a vibratory reed; a collapsible hollow rub
ber bulb enclosing said sound producing device
and connected with said hollow body member; a
REFERENCES CITED
The following references are of record in the
file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Number
209,274
993,336
1,092,862
1,484,148
1,855,527
2,158,740
2,385,752
Name
Date
Montagne ________ __ Oct. 22,
Berton ___________ __ May 30,
Roitman _________ __ Apr. 14,
Olt ______________ __ Feb. 19,
Muehlstein _______ __ Apr. 26,
Brinkman ________ __ May 16,
Wilson __________ __ Sept. 25,
1878
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1932
1939
1945
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