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Патент USA US2583824

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Jan- 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 1
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 2
650005 HEM/m”
BYQZ 5/ 9L
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 5
6:000: Mia/Wm”
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 4
1mm. 22
/03 ‘I
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 5
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 6
650m: M?ww/A/v
BY % 6;”
Jan. 29, 1952
2,583,82 3
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 7
6:000: M?u/wmn
BYZZ i1 9L
Jan- 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 8
Jan. 29, 1952
Filed June 11, 1948
9 Sheets-Sheet 9
Gram: WT ?u/w/An
Patented Jan. 29, I952
George W. Dunham, Westport, Conn., assignor to
Savage Arms Corporation, Utica, N. Y., a cor
poration of Delaware
Original application March 21, 1947, Serial No.
738,295. Divided and this application June 11,
1948, Serial No. 32,396
4 Claims. (c1. 74-812)
This invention relates to improvements in
a trunnion bearing for this purpose and are
washing machines of the spin dry type adapted
for operation through the usual cycles of soaking,
washring, rinsing and sprinning dry either under
' versible switch for the motor is arranged to auto
manual or full automatic control. -The present.
application is a division of my copending ap
plication Serial No. 736,295, filed March 21, 1947,
and which issued as Patent No. 2,579,309. _
The present invention embodies certain prin
ciples of operation and construction disclosed in
my preveious Patent 1,842,154, January 19, 1932,
and aims at the further development of this type
of machine in adapting the same for automatic
operation and for more efficient and satisfactory
matically reverse said motor when the unit is
swung from one position to the other. In the
present embodiment the positional shift‘ ofjthe
columnar unit is affected bywhand, but the con
struction is easily adapted for power operation
should it be desired to convert the present ma
chine to full automatic operation ‘by the addition
of valves, and servo-motor devices under the con
trol of the conventional electric timer and cir
cuits now well known in the art.
Further objects and advantages of my inven
tion will be apparent from the following detailed
15 description taken in connection with the ac
In machines of this character it is the practice
companying drawings in which,
to operate the clothes holder or backet at rela
Fig. 1 is a side .view of the machine partly in
tively low speed for washing and at relatively
high speed for spin drying or centrifuging, One
section showing by solid lines the motor and
basket assembly in spinning position and by
object of my invention is to provide an improved 20 dotted lines the same in washing position; I N
form of two-sped transmission for this purpose
Fig. 2 is a detail section at 2--2 in Fig. 1 to
, and to effect the transition from one operation
show the hump in the right half bottom of the
to the other quickly and without shock. To this
end I employ a reversible electric motor and a
Fig. 3 is a view at right angles to Fig. 1 and
pair of opposed overrunning clutches which drive 25 partly in section along the broken line 3-13 of
through one transmission when operating in one
Fig. 1; .
direction, and through the other transmission
Fig. ‘4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4
when reversed. Preferably the spinner shaft and
of Fig. 1;
its basket are driven in the same direction for
Fig. 5 is a detail view in vertical section
both operations of the motor whereby said spin 30 through the lower end of the motor housingand
ner shaft may be merely slowed down for wash
showing the rubber mounting between said motor
ing and speeded iup for centrifuging. > Brake
mechanism is preferably employed to hasten the
slowing down of the spinner shaft for the transi
tion from high speed to low‘ speed operation.
housing and stirrup. This view is along irregu
3 lar line 5-5 of Fig. 12;
Fig.5 is a vertical section of the transmission
-a _ at the upper end of the motorcasing;
A further object of my invention is to provide ‘
- Figs. 7 to 11 inclusive are horizontal sections
. a structure of the vertical axis centrifugi-ngtype 1 1-along lines corersponding to the said ?gure num
‘ which is largely self-balancing by a gyratory
§_ hers respectively in Fig. 6;
action- obtained by a so-called columnar unit
with the motor and its transmissionin axial sym
. metrical disposition below the basket, the entire
unitary structure being supported at its lower
Fig. 12 is a sectional view looking down fro
40', line
. comprising the spinner shaft with the revolving, ‘_
‘ basket of clothes at the upper end thereof and
[2-42 in Fig‘. 5;
Figs. ‘13 and 14. are plan and side views ‘respectively of the rubber doughnut used in the
mounting at the lower end of the motor housing;
Fig. 15 is a top plan view of the machine with
end in a resilient mounting, which ‘permits the 45 part of the tube topbroken away to show th
mass to gyrate about its approximate center of
upper end of the basket; and
gravity without serious disturbance to its outside
Fig. 16 is a detail top plan view of the conical
supporting structure regardless of the size and
base support for the basket showing the mount
kind of load in the basket, and within reasonablbe
ing holes for receiving the basket base studs.
limitations, regardless of how said load is dis‘ 50 Referring more particularly to the drawings.
the main support or cabinet for the machine in
As in my previous patent referred) to, the
dicated at l is cylindrical and has welded to‘ its
basket is in vertical position for the centrifuging
lower end a base ring 2. Caster brackets Biast
or spin dry operation and is tilted to an inclined
ened to this ring carry the usual swiveled casters
position’ for the low speed washing operation?’ -55 ll. 'A channel beam 5 ‘extends diametrically
The entire columnar unit is pivotally hung ‘from
across the open ring 2 and; as shown in-Fig. 4,
' '
' 4
housing has a tubular extension 31 which pro
carries certain parts of the machine later to be
jects through the opening of the stirrup foot, and
described. The right side of the cabinet I look
the lower end of motor shaft 38 is supported in an
ing at Fig. 1 is cut away with a vertical opening
annular ball bearing as, carried in said motor
vii which is bridged by an outwardly bulging strap
1 extending from topv to bottom of said open Di ' casing as shown in Fig. 5. Upon the upper end
of said motor housing 35 is fastened the trans
ing. This construction provides the accommo
mission casing 40 within which the transmission
dation for an inclined position of the motor
is mounted and the spinner shaft 24 and motor
housing as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1. 'If the .
shaft 38 extend into said casing lit in end toend
lower cabinet 1 were square, one of its corners
coaxial relationv as shown in 'Fig. 6. The upper
could be suitably used for this arrangement...
projecting portion of the motor shaft 33 is sup
In the top circular rim 8 of the cabinet I is
' ported in the annular ball bearing 38s: at the top
?xedly positioned the tub indicated generally at
of the motor housing. 381) indicates an oil seal
9 andhaving a cylindrical sidewall Hi and top
packing gland for said bearing. The clothes hold
rim I l de?ning an entrance opening and adapted
er or basket Al is carried on the upper end of the
to be closed by removable :‘eover l2. [3 indicates
spinner shaft 25' forrotation therewith and will
a grommeted ?nger hold in said cover by which it
be described more in detail hereinafter.
may be handled. If desired an encircling clamp
. band or hoop (not shown) may be provided adja
cent rim 8 so as to ?rmly hold the tub in its sta
tionary position. 1
I i
Centrally, located in thebottom of the tub 9 is
7 an obliquely inclined base ring it which provides '
a radial clearance . for the spinner shaft as will
‘ The entire columnar unit comprising the parts
just described is supported at its lowermost end
in the footring 3,2v ofthe stirrup by a resilient
mounting which permits limited gyration of said
unit about, its; center 0*’ mass during the high
speed operation of the spinner shaft in centrifug—
be later described. , The tub bottom is fastened to ' ing. As shown in Fig.5, the lower tubular ex
thisbase ring and the left half l5 of said tub '' tension 31 ‘from-the motor housing’is'encircled by
two doughnut-shaped rings of rubber or similar
resilient material indicated at :22 and 43. Both
these doughnut rings are alike and having the
the usual soaking, washing and rinsing opera
shape and con?guration shown in Figs. 13 and 14.
tions. The water will beintroduced through the
therein shown, each doughnut such as $2 has
top entrancelof the tub, and will be drained
through the outlet l6yby a suitable emptying pump a cutpart way into its ‘upper side, slots M, and out
part way into its lower side similar slots t5 which
v(not shown).- The right half ll of saidvtub bot
are in_ staggered relation with those on the upper
; tom slopes gently downward from the side wall it
side. These doughnuts {i2 and stare positioned
toward the deep basin 15 so as to drain there- ,
respectively above and below the foot ring 32 of
into,’ and is formed" with a'radially' extending . the stirrup. Bent down ears dorfrom said foot
hump l8 as shown in Fig. 2 to provide accommo
ring 32 embrace the .outer side oflower dough
_ elation forv the inclined position of ‘the motor
nut 43 to hold the same in position, and bent up
- housing’ indicated in dottedlines in Fig. 1.
tongues 41 from said foot ring 32 engage in the ~ 7
A clamping ring it secures'the inner peripheral
lower slots 45 of the upper doughnut‘ 4': to retain
' edge of the‘ tub bottom to its base ring It by
bottom (see, Fig. 1) is projected downwardly to
form a relatively deep basin to hold Water for
means of screw studs 26. This clamping means
l9 also secures for a seal'tight joint the lower
7 edge of a ?exible rubber boot 2|, the upper edge
of which is securely fastened by a seal tight joint
the ‘same. Also integral 'tongue-likerwebs 48 are
projected downwardly from the lower end of the
motor housing at intervals to 'engagerin the up
per slots 44 of the upper doughnut £32, all as
I to the upper end of a tubular neck extension 22 45 shown in Fig. 5. A retaining annulus 49 is lo
.from the transmission case 40, which extension ' cated below the lower doughnut i3 and is held in
position by an end nut 5i! and snap lock ring 5!;
It will be noted that while no parts project into
boot 2| thus closes the radial clearance space be
‘the slots of the-lower doughnut 43, this dough
tween the base ring it and intersecting spinner
?_ shaft in all positions of said shaft. At the left 50 nut ismade similar in shape and construction to
provides a bearing for the spinner shaft 24.. The
, side of the clamping ring IS a vertically disposed
integral shoulder 25 serves ‘as a resting abutment
V for the neck 22 when the columnarunit is in its
inclined position as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1.
therupper doughnut simply for convenience of
The stirrup '28, 29 carrying the columnar unit ‘'
35 as described, is adapted to be swungron its
The base. ring M ,has' integral with its lower‘ 55 trunnions 30, 3| from the vertical position shown
in solid lines to the inclined position shown in
dotted ‘lines of Fig. l and retaining means, as
A dependent hanging stirrup formed with side
hereinafter described; are provided to ?rmly hold
' arms Y28 and 29 has at the upper end of said arms
the stirrup in either of said positions. When the
stirrup trunnions 30‘ and 3t which are pivotally
_. hung in said bearing lugs 26 and 21. The lower 60 columnar unit is in its inclined position, the has-7
side apair of'bearing lugs 25 and-21 (see Fig. 3).
. end of said stirrup arms 28 and 29 arewelded to
opposite sides to a stirrup foot ring 32 which has
an upwardly flanged rim to which said side arms
I U are joined and a central opening ‘through which
"a; lower extension of the motor casing extends as
. will be described: A depending U-shaped strap 33
is also welded'to the ?ange of the ‘stirrup foot32
ket.4ll.willlhave substantially one half thereof
immersed in the water, ?lled basin l5 as indi
’ cated by dotted lines in'Fig. 1. This is the wash
ing'position for‘ the basket ‘and it will be under
stood that the spinner shaft ‘24 will be operated
at ‘the relative slow speed customary for such op
' eration. The vertical position of basket 42 shown
in solid lines of Fig. l is its spin'dry position, and
and the bottom of this strap‘carries ?xed thereto
for this centrifuging operation the spinner shaft 7
adownwardly projecting pin 34 which serves for,
_ retaining the stirrup and'its supported parts in 70 will-be operated at relatively high speed as is well
understood; During the spin dry operation the
>_di?erent positions as will be, described.
The sosc'alled columnar‘unitof the‘machme, in-j
dicatedgenerally at 35, comprises a'motor hous
‘ washing water will have been’ emptied from basin
I5 and the latter will serve as a drainage sump
ing 3.6 containingan electric motor‘of the I‘BVGI‘Sie ' ' 7. for said spin drying.
'7 _ble_g type (not shown‘). The‘lower end of Said
‘As shown in Fig; ‘lathe bottom channel beam 7
- 2,583,828
5 is provided with a lock pin slot 52. When the
columnar unit 35 is in vertical position the look
ing pin 34 is adapted to be engaged and locked
The spinner shaft 24 is positioned above and in
end to end coaxial relation with said motor shaft
and is rotatably mounted in sleeve bearings with
in the neck tube 22 projecting upwardly from
the transmission casing 40. A reduced lower
in this slot by a latch 53 forming part of a latch
lever 54 pivoted at 55 on said channel beam 5.
Similarly when the columnar unit is tilted to its
end of said spinner shaft 24 carries an end bear~
inclined position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig.
ing stud 80 which rests on a ball ill carried in
1, the locking pin 34 is locked in a slot 56 in the
the upper end of the motor shaft 38.
side wall strap ‘I by means of a latch 51 piv
The two-speed transmission between the motor
oted at 58 on said side strap 1. A foot treadle 10 shaft 38 and spinner shaft 24 is shown more par~
lever 59 is pivoted at 60 upon the channel beam
ticularly in Figs. 6 to 11 inclusive, and comprises
5 (see Fig. 1) and is connected by a link 5| to
an arrangement of differential planetary gear~
the latch lever 54. The latter is connected by
ing which may be described as follows. A motor
link 62, bell crank lever 63, and link 64 to the
shaft pinion 82 keyed to the motor shaft 33
latch 51 whereby both of said latches may be si 15 meshes with intermediate pinion 83, the latter
multaneously thrown to open or unlocking posi
meshing with a stationary ring gear 84 in the
tion by stepping on said foot treadle 59. A
manner of an epicyclic gear train wherein the
spring 65 is connected between the foot treadle
pinion 83 has an orbital travel around the ring
lever 59 and the channel beam 5 in the manner
gear 84 ?xed to the motor housing by locking
shown in Fig. l, and another spring 66 is con 20 pins 85. The intermediate pinion 83 is integral
nected between the strap 1 and the latch 51
with a similar pinion 86 above the same (except
shown in Fig. 4, whereby _both of said springs
that pinion 86 has more teeth than pinion 83),
act in a, manner to yieldingly hold said latches
and both said pinions 83 and 86 are rotatably
53' and 51 in their closed or locking positions.
mounted on a stud shaft 81 carried in a rotatable
The latches are so formed that the locking pin 25 spider disk 86. The latter is ?xed by key 89 to
34 when moved into its respective slots 52 or 56
an inner sleeve 90 rotatable on the upper end of
will automatically cam the latches 53 or 51 out
the motor shaft 38 through suitable bearing bush~
of the way so as to be locked thereby.
ings. The pinion 85 meshes with a movable ring
Counterbalancing spring means are arranged
gear 9| formed at the lower end of an outer
for substantially carrying the weight of the co 30 rotatable sleeve 92. It will be observed that the
lumnar unit 35 when in its inclined position and
pinion connections just described are duplicated
also for imparting a slight thrust upon said unit
on the othe'r‘side of the motor shaft, and that
in moving it home to its vertical position. This
the entire transmission mechanism is symmetri
spring structure is duplicated at opposite sides
cally disposed around the axis of said motor and
of the stirrup and comprises (see Figs. 1 and 3) 35 spinner shafts.
a strut rod 61 pivoted at its upper end to the
A clutch driven member 93 of stepped tubular
stirrup side arm 28 below trunnion 3i] and hav
formation is carried with its smaller diameter
ing its lower end slidable through a thimlble 68
portion upon the lower reduced end of the spin
swivelly held in bracket 69 fastened to the chan
ner shaft 24 by a pin and slot connection indi~
nel beam 5 at the position shown. A coiled com ~10 cated at 94 and 95 which allows a limited relative
pression spring 10 is positioned between stop
rotative movement between member 53 and the
abutment ‘H on said rod 51 and the thimble 58
spinner shaft but does not permit vertical move
so as to impart an upward thrust on rod 61.
ment therebetween. An overrunning roller clutch
When the columnar unit is swung to its inclined
for the low speed drive is mounted between the
position the line of thrust of said spring assem 45 outer sleeve 92 and the aforesaid smaller end
bly for supporting the columnar unit is indicated
of the clutch driven member 93. As shown in
by the dot dash line 12 in said Fig. 1.
Fig. 10, this overrunning clutch comprises the
A reversing switch for the motor of the con
wedge member 96 ?xed by key 91 to the clutch
ventional type is indicated at 13 as being ?xed
driven member 93 and is formed with the usual
to the side arm 28 of the stirrup. The cable of
wedge pockets to receive the rollers such as 98
the electrical circuit leads from the outside power
and roller backing springs such as 99, which roll
source to the switch is indicated at 14 and the
ers coaot with a bearing ring I00 ?xed to outer
cable for the circuit leads into the motor is in
sleeve 92 by vertical pins 920.. It will be observed
dicated at 15. This reversible switch 13 has a
that this clutch of Fig. 10 will be active for driv~
spring pressed plunger 16 which is normally pro‘ 55 ing the spinner shaft only when the outer sleeve
,iected to its outer position for closing circuits
92 is rotated in anti-clockwise direction, looking
to operate the motor in one direction and when
down at Fig. 10. As will be later pointed out this
pressed to its inward position it changes the cir
is the low speed transmission drive.
cuits for reversing the motor in a well under
A similar overrunning roller clutch for the high
stood manner. A switch bracket abutment 11 is 60 speed drive, arranged in opposed relation to that
?xed to the channel 'beam 5 (see Fig. 4) in posi—
of Fig. ‘10, is mounted between the interior en
tion so that when the stirrup and its columnar
larged end of the clutch driven member 93 and
unit is swung to vertical position, as shown in
the outside of inner sleeve member 90. As shown
Fig. 1, the switch abutment 11 will press against
in Fig. 11, this latter clutch comprises the wedge
the plunger 16 and close the circuits for oper 65 member llll formed integral with the inner sleeve
ating the motor in the direction for operating
90 and has the usual pockets for its rollers I02
through its high speed transmission. When the
stirrup and columnar unit are swung away from
“and roller backing springs I03, which rollers co
act with the inside of the enlarged end of the
the vertical position, plunger 16 of switch '13 will
clutch driven member 93. It‘will be observed
move outwardly and close the circuits for re 70 that said clutch driven member 93 will be driven
versing the motor so as to operate through its
by this latter clutch shown in Fig. 11 only when
low speed transmission.
the inner sleeve member 90. rotates in its anti—
The upper portion of the motor shaft 38 pro
clockwise direction, and that both said clutches
‘ jects from its motor housing ‘part way through
‘ of Fig. 10 and Fig. 11‘ ‘serve to- drive the spinner
the transmission housing as shown in Fig. 6. 75 shaft in an anti-clockwise direction. The trans
mission, however, is such- that the low speed
clutch of Fig. 19 is active only when the motor
shaft rotates clockwise and the high speed clutch
This action will occur whenever the high
speed transmission begins to slow down prepara
tory to a reversal of the motor shaft. .
Referring to Fig. 6, a cone surface brake mem
ber I84 has a splined connection at I05 to the
of Fig; 11 is active only when the motor shaft
rotates anti-clockwise.
upper end of the clutch driven member 53 so as
to have a short vertical movement thereon. A
The action of the'foregoing transmission and
clutch'drives may be brie?y reviewed as follows:
coacting brake surface I06 is formed on the in
side of the gear casing to coact with said cone
brake I04. Raising of the cone member I04
When the motor shaft 38 rotates clockwise (look
ing down from the top), the pinion 52 meshing
with lower pinion 83 causes the latter to travel
brings the braking surface into contact, and the
lowering of said member I64 releases the brake.
in a'clockwise direction around the ?xed internal
gear 84, see Fig. 7. Thestud shaft 8'!’ of said
pinion 83 since it is carried in the spider disk
88'will thus cause the latter to rotate clockwise
whereby the upper pinion 86 will also travel clock
Directly above the brakemember is a'coupling
member ill‘! which has a sleeve portion surround
ing the lower end of the spinner shaft 245. and is
provided with an inclined cam slot I08 in one
wise in engagementwith its movable gear ring
9!, .see Fig. 9. The ratio of gear teeth in lower
pinion 83 and ?xed ring gear til is greater than
side of said sleeve into which extends a pin lil9
?xed to the spinner shaft 24. The coupling mem- >
ber III‘! has a lower ?ange portion I II! from which
_ the ratio of gear teeth between upper pinion 8t
stud bolts. III project through the cone brake
and its movable ring gear 9i. In consequence
of this differential ratio, one complete orbital
I04 for connection to a brake lifter ring H2. A .
spring annulus 'I I3 is interposed between the
travel through 360‘? of lower, pinion 83 with its
spider 88 carries the upper pinion 85 also through
brake lifter ring H2 and the cone brake mem
. an orbital travel of 360° but without completing
In this manner the brake member W4 is lined '
Vrotatively to clutch driven member 93 and its
ring gear 84 is ?xed, the movable ring gear ‘91!
associated coupling ‘member I6’! has a lost motion
is compelled to‘move backward or anti—clockwise
connection rotatively with respect to ‘said spinner
relative to said ?xedrgear 84 during the clock
shaft 24 which causes a vertical shift of said
wise orbital travelof the pinions 83 and 85. The
movable ring gear 9| thus beingrmoved anti 30 coupling and brake member dependent on the
a circuit on its movable ring gear 9i. Since the 25
relative rotation of said parts.
clockwise carries the outer sleeve 92 in an anti
The pin and
slot connection at ‘$4 and 95 prevents vertical
clockwise direction, while the motor shaft as
movement of said spinner shaft 24. From this
above stated is rotating clockwise. The anti
construction it will be appreciated that when the
clockwise rotation of said outer sleeve 92 will
activate the upper clutch shown in Fig. 10, and 35 spinner shaft 24 tends to overrun the clutch
driven member 93 the pin I09 will cam the cou
thus drive the clutch driven member 93 in an
pling member Ill‘! upwardly and through the
anti-clockwise direction; The member 93 is con
brake lifter “'2 will cause the cone brake I {i4
7 pled directly to the spinner shaft 24 by rneans
to grip the surface l??'and slow down therota
tion of said spinner shaft. Similarly when the
clutch driven member 93 is driving the spinner
later to be described, and the transmission just
described is the low speed transmission for drive
ing the spinner shaft at relatively low speed for
_ shaft 24 through coupling member III? the cam
When the motor shaft rotates in an anti-clock
wise direction. the above transmission will be
slot I08 will move the coupling member down
of Fig. 10. But the clutch‘ drivenmember 93 and
shape formation as disclosed in my previous
wardly to release the brake.
rendered idle by the upper overrunning clutch 3?‘ I The spinner basket 4| is of the general kidney
' its spinner shaft will be driven at relatively high
er speed by the transmission which may be traced
as follows: The anti-clockwise rotation of motor
shaft pinion 82 will cause the orbital travel of
patent referred to and has the usual perforations
in the side wall thereof. The reentrant shaped
bottom of said basket has centrally located there
Ell in a ?at disk portion H4 formed with an axial
hollow stem I I5 closed at the top which is adapt
ed to snugly and removably ?t upon the upper ex
tended portion of the spinner shaft 24 as shown
in Fig. 1. V The spinner shaft hasr?xed. thereto
It will be clear from Fig. 11, that when this sleeve _ ‘ a basket support H6 of frusto-conic shape hav
ing top table portion II'I upon which the basket
?ll rotates anti-clockwise it activates the lower
‘bottom disk n4 is adapted to rest. As shown in
roller clutch so as to cause the samevto drive the
Figs. 1 and 16 the table I I1 is provided with holes
inside enlarged end, of the clutch driven mem
H8 and bottom disk I I 4 is provided with co-?t
ber 93. The latter member is coupled to the
spinner shaft as previously stated, and the‘trans-' \ ting driving pegs H9 whereby the basket
spinner shaft are rotatively united. If desired
' mission just described will thus rotate the spinner
the basket. support H6 may be appropriately
shaftin an anti-clockwisedirection at its rela
weighted with some heavy material to assist in
tively high rate of speed for centrifuging.
stabilizing the high speed rotation of said spin-'
At the end‘ of. a spin dry or centrifuging oper
the lower pinion 83 and rotation of spider 38 in
an anti-clockwise direction. The spider 88 is .
keyed to the inner sleeve 90 whereby the latter
will also rotate in an anti-clockwise‘ direction.
ation with. the spinner‘shaft rotating at rela
tively high speed, it"is'desirable to slow down
the rotation of this spinner shaft quickly pre
paratory to rotating the‘ same at lower speed for
' the washing operation, and for this. purpose I
have provided automatically acting brake mech
anism which also serves as the coupling means
between the clutch driven member 93 and the
spinner shaft '24. The brake mechanism acts to
slow down the spinnershaft 2Y4, whenever the lat
ner shaft.
The spinner basket is also preferably divided’
into two separate compartments by a vertically
disposed partition wall IZIl extending diametri
cally across the same and fastened to the central
70 stem of the basket by the half round clamp por
tions as shown in Fig. 15. The top entrance to
the basket is partially closed by horizontal sector
like wings I2! symmetrically‘ disposed as shown
in said ?gure, and extending from opposite top
edges of the partition I20 to the rim" of said
' 7' ter tends to overrun the clutchdriven member’ 75
basket. These wings are designed to prevent any ,
‘ tumbling of the clothes out of the basket while
motor operates in a reverse direction, and a re
being rotated in its inclined position. The pur
pose of dividing the basket into two equi-sized
versing switch for said motor to selectively oper
for the high speed operation of centrifuging.
speed transmission to the low speed transmission.
ate either of said transmisisons, a brake mecha
and means automatically making the same
compartments as described is to facilitate a more Ul
to slow down said spinner shaft when
equal distribution of the clothes therein at each
the motor is reversed to change from the high
side of the rotating spinner shaft particularly
What I claim is:
1. In a washing machine in combination, a tub,
a basket, a rotatable spinner shaft upon which
said basket is carried for rotation in said tub, a
clutch driven member having a lost motion driv~
ing connection with said spinner shaft a re
versible motor shaft in coaxial relation to said
spinner shaft, a low speed transmission compris
ing an overrunning clutch acting to drive said
clutch driven member in one direction when the
motor transmisison
shaft rotates in
one direction,
an overrunning
and a
clutch acting to drive said clutch driven member
in the same direction when said motor shaft ro
tates in the reverse direction, both of said trans
4. In a washing machine in combination, a tub,
a basket, a rotatable spinner shaft upon which
said basket is carried for rotation in said tub, a
reversible motor shaft, a low speed transmission
comprising an overrunning clutch acting to drive
said spinner shaft when the motor shaft rotates
in one direction, and a high speed transmission
comprising an overrunning clutch acting to drive
said spinner shaft when said motor shaft rotates
in the reverse direction, a brake mechanism and
means automatically making the same effective
to slow down said spinner shaft when the motor
shaft decelerates preparatory to a reversal in its
direction of rotation, said brake mechanism com
prising a brake shoe and a coupling member car
rying said brake shoe, said coupling member be
rotatively driven from said transmissions, a
the axis of said shafts.
25 lost motion connection between said coupling
2. In a washing machine in combination, a tub,
member and spinner shaft comprising a pin and
missions being symmetrically disposed around
a basket, a rotatable spinner shaft upon which
cam slot which operates said brake shoe upon
said basket is carried for rotation in said tub, a
relative movement between said coupling member
clutch driven member connected to said spinner
and spinner shaft.
shaft, a reversible motor shaft, a low speed trans 30
mission comprising an overrunning clutch act
ing to drive‘said clutch driven member in the
same direction when the motor shaft rotates in
one direction, and a high speed transmission
The following references are of record in the
?le of this patent:
comprising an overrunning clutch acting to drive 35
said clutch driven member in the same direction
when said motor shaft rotates in the reverse di
rection, a brake mechanism and means auto
matically making the same effective to slow down
said spinner shaft when the motor shaft decele 40
rates preparatory to a reversal in its direction of
3. In a washing machine in combination, a
tub, a basket, a rotatable spinner shaft upon
which said basket is carried for rotation in said
tub, a clutch driven member having a lost mo
tion driving connection with said spinner shaft,
a reversible electric motor, a low speed trans
mission comprising an overrunning clutch act
ing to drive said clutch driven member in one 1
direction when the motor operates in one direc
tion, a high speed transmission comprising an
overrunning clutch acting to drive said clutch
driven member in the same direction when said
Williamson ________ __ Nov. 2, 1909
Hintze __________ __ Nov. 16, 1909
Veyret ___________ __Aug. 13, 1918
Watts ____________ __ Nov. 19, 1940
Connell __________ __ Feb. 17, 1942
Dyer _____________ __ Oct. 19, 1943
Hanson __________ __ Sept. 18, 1945
Bowen ___________ __ Apr. 30, 1946
Zahn ____________ __ May 18, 1948
Wright ___________ __ Jan. 4, 1949
Olson ____________ __ Apr. 19, 1949
Williams __________ __ Feb. 7, 1950
Great Britain ______ __ Oct. 5, 1933
Great Britain ______ __ May 8, 1946
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