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Патент USA US2600824

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Patented June 17, 1952
2,600,818
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,600,818
AIR-DRYING WRINKLE FINISH AND
METHOD OF MAKING
William A. Waldie, Oakwood, Ohio, assignor to
.
New Wrinkle, Inc., Wilmington, Del., a corpora
. tion of Delaware
No Drawing. Application SeptemberlS, 1947,
Serial No. 774,899
11 Claims.
1
2
This invention deals with a wrinkle coating
composition and a process of manufacturing it.
vIn most-of the wrinkle coating compositions
ated naphtha, petroleumthinner or a mixture
of any of such thinners. In preparing the var
nishes the resin and the oil are ?rst heated to
used heretofore it has been necessary to subject
the oil and sometimes also the ?nal composition
gether to approximately 450° F.; thereafter the
hardening substance is added and the mixture
to a cooking process in order to obtain a wrinkle
heated to a temperature ranging from 490° to
500° F. This temperature is held until a tough
and hard pill is obtained on a glass plate,v which
takes about from 30 minutes to one hour. The
mixture is then allowed to cool to 350° F. when
the thinner is added. In spite of the use of
oiticica oil, and in spite of the varnish being sub
jected to a cooking process, the ?nal product ob
tained is of the non-wrinkling type.
If a colored coating is to be produced, the addi
tion of a coloring paste is necessary. Such'a
textured surface. This cooking step not only pro
longs the process of manufacture, but also in
creases the cost and requires additional care.
Moreover, the coatings prepared from the com
positions used heretofore have to be dried by
forced means such as by heating in an oven by
infra-red light or the like.
It is an object of this invention to provide
wrinkle coating compositions for the preparation
and application of which hardly any heating is
required.
paste preferably contains approximately equal
It is an object of this invention to provide
wrinkle coating compositions which are air=dry
amounts of ?ller and coloring matter together
with a small quantity of non-wrinkling varnish
ing.
a
It is an object of this invention to provid
wrinkle coating compositions in which no heat
is required for the blending step, since the mix
ing of the ingredients is carried out at room tem
20 and with thinner material which is preferably a
highly volatile solvent.
.
The ?ller materials found particularly suit
able are asbestine, silex, diatomaceous earth,
blanc ?xe, or mixtures of these or other known
perature.
25 inorganic ?ller materials.
Coloring materials which have been found op
It is another object of this invention to pro
vide wrinkle coating compositions which dry to
erative for the invention are the various grades
hard wrinkle-textured coatings at room tempera
of carbon black, chrome yellow, chrome green,
ture in a relatively short time.
iron pigments, titanium oxide, iron blues, organic
It is still another object of this invention to 30 toners and the like.
provide wrinkle coating compositions which yield
The coating'composition may be applied to the
coatings having a great hardness and a long serv
article to be provided with awrinkle-textured
?lm by any method known in the art; brushing,
ice life.
These and other objects are accomplished‘ by
immersing and spraying, for instance, are satis
cold-blending a non-wrinkling varnish with raw 35 factory. However, application by spraying is the
tung oil.
'
preferred method.
.
It was quite unexpected and surprising to ?nd
In the following, a few examples for the new
that by merely mixing these materials which per
coating compositions are given as preferred em
se are non-wrinkling, products are obtained which
bodiments of my invention. These examples are
dry without any application of heat thereby form 40 by no means limitative but are to serve merely
ing coatings with a uniform wrinkle texture and
as illustration.
of great hardness. A process for the production
EXAMPLE I
of wrinkle ?nishes has thus been devised by this
invention which is characterized by great sim
(a) Varnish
plicity and low cost.
A varnish was prepared by ?rst heating a mix
Quantities ranging from 1 gallon to 1-0 gallons
ture of 100 pounds of rosin-modi?ed phenol form
of non-wrinkling varnish per 1 gallon of raw
aldehyde resin and 10 gallons of oiticica oil to
tung oil may be used. The higher the oil con
approximately 450° F. and then adding under
tent, the ;more pronounced the wrinkling texture.
The varnishes used for the compositions of my 50 stirring 2 pounds of litharge. This mixture was
then heated to 500° F. for about 45 minutes'when
invention comprise from 8 to 12 gallons of oiticica
a pill thereof applied to a glass plate and cooled
oil, 100 pounds of phenol formaldehyde resin,
from 1 to 3_ pounds of a hardening material such
showed a tough and hard consistency. There
as litharge,‘ red lead or the like, and from 12 to 20
after the batch was allowed to cool to approxi
gallons of thinner, such as xylol, toluol, solvent 55 mately 350° F.; 5 gallons of xylol and 10 gallons
naphtha, high ?ash coal tar naphtha, hydrogen
of toluol were then added
_-_ _
2,600,818
4
3
(b) Coloring paste
16 pounds of asbestine,
16 pounds of lamp black,
8 gallons of the varnish described under (a), and 5
4 gallons of mineral spirits
wrinkle-textured surface, was of black color and
had a hard consistency.
EXAMPLE IV
(a) Varnish
-
The same varnish was used as described under
were mixed and ground to a homogeneous paste.
(a) of Example I.
(0) Wrinkle coating composition
(b) Coloring paste
122 pounds of the paste described under (13) ,
10 gallons of the varnish described under (a) ,
No coloring paste was used in this instance.
(0) Wrinkle coating composition
2 gallons of the varnish,
1 gallon of raw tung oil,
0.75 gallon of‘xylol,
8 gallons of raw tung oil,
6 gallons of xylol,
2 gallons of butanol, and
0.5 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
thenate
'
0.25 gallon of butanol, and
were blended at room temperature. A coating ob
tained with this mixture dried in 16 hours to form
a hard ?lm of black color and uniform wrinkle
texture.
EXAMPLE‘ II'
g
0.125 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
thenate
were
mixed at room temperature. ,A coating pre
20
pared from this composition was dry and hard
after 20 hours and showed a ?ne wrinkle texture.
(a) Varnish
EXAMPLE V
The same varnish was used in this instance as
described under (a). of Example I.
re ~11
(b) Coloring paste
For the purpose of preparing a coating of white
color, a paste was mixed and ground from
TN)
64 pounds of titanium oxide,
64 pounds of asbestine,
.
(a) Varnish
A varnish was prepared by the method de
scribed in Example I. The ingredients used in
this instance, however, were as follows:
100 pounds of phenyl phenol formaldehyde resin
10 gallons of oiticica oil
2 pounds of red lead
5 gallons of xylol
8 gallons of varnish as described under (a) of Ex
10 gallons of toluol
ample I, and
é‘gallons of mineral spirits
(c) Wrinkle coating composition
(b) Coloring paste
No paste was used in this instance.
12 pounds of the white paste set forth under (1;)
(0) Wrinkle coating composition
of Example II,
2.25 gallons of the varnish,
1.25 gallons of varnish,
45 0.5 gallon of raw tung oil,
1 gallon of raw tung oil,
0.75 gallon of xylol,
0.75 gallon of xylol,
0.25 gallon of butanol, and
0.25 gallon of butanol, and
0.06 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
0.06 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
thenate
thenate
were mixed at room temperature. A coating was
were mixed at room temperature. A coating ob
prepared from this composition; it dried after 16
hours. The hardness was satisfactory and the
texture coarse and uniform.
tained with this composition dried after 21 hours
and yielded a White coating of great hardness
with a surface of a ?ne, uniform wrinkle texture.
EXAMPLE VI
EXAMPLE III
( a) Varnish
(a) Varnish
The same varnish was used in this instance as
described under (a) of Example I.
_ The same varnish was used in this instance as
described under (a) of Example I.
(b) Coloring paste
16 pounds of asbestine,
16 pounds of lamp black,
4 gallons of raw tung oil, and
5 gallons of mineral spirits
(b) Coloring paste
16 pounds of asbestine,
16 pounds of lamp black,
4 gallons of varnish, and
4 gallons of mineral spirits
were mixed and ground.
were mixed and ground into a uniform paste.
(0) Wrinkle coating composition
28 pounds of the paste described under (b),
9_ gallons of the varnish,
1 gallon of raw tung oil,
3 gallons of xylol,
1 gallon of butanol, and
(0) Wrinkle coating composition
9 pounds of the paste described under (-12),
1.'75 'gallons'of varnish,
1 gallon of raw tung oil.
0.75 gallon of xylol,
0.25 gallon of butanol, and
.
0.06 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
thenate
were mixed at room temperature. The drying
time of a coating obtained from this composition
was 18 hours.
70
0.25 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
thenate
were mixed at room temperature. The drying
time of ‘a coating prepared from this composition
was 22 hours. The wrinkle texture was uniform
The coating had a uniformly 75 and the hardness satisfactory.
5
2,600,818
It will be understood that while there have been
described herein certain embodiments of my in
vention, it is not intended thereby to have the
invention limited to the speci?c details given in
view of the fact that it is susceptible to various
modi?cations and changes which come within the
spirit of the speci?cation and the scope of the
appended claims.
aldehyde condensation resin, oiticica oil and hard
ening material selected from the group consist
ing of litharge and red lead.
7. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
sition comprising a cold blend of from 1 to 10 gal
lons of non-wrinkling varnish and about 1 gallon
of raw tung oil, said varnish consisting of the
heat reaction product of 100 pounds oil soluble
I claim:
phenol formaldehyde condensation resin, 8 to 12
1. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo 10 gallons of oiticica oil, 1 to 3 pounds of harden
sition comprising a cold blend of 10 gallons of
ing material selected from the group consisting
varnish, 122 pounds of a coloring paste, 8 gallons
of litharge and red lead, and 12 to 20 gallons of
of rawtung oil, 6 gallonspf xylol, 2 gallons of
thinner.
butanol and 0.5 gallon of a 6% solution of man
8. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
ganese naphthenate, said varnish consisting of
sition comprising a cold blend of from 1 to 10
a heat reaction product of 100 pounds of rosin
gallons of non-wrinkling varnish, about 1 gallon
modi?ed phenol formaldehyde resin, 10 gallons of
of raw tung oil and a coloring paste, said varnish
oiticica oil, 2 pounds of litharge, 5 gallons of
consisting of the heat reaction product of oil
xylol and 10 gallons of toluol, and said coloring
soluble phenol formaldehyde condensation resin,
paste consisting of 16 pounds of asbestine, 16 20 oiticica oil and hardening material selected from
pounds of lamp black, 8 gallons of said varnish
the group consisting of litharge and red lead.
and 4 gallons of mineral spirits.
9. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo=
2. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
sition comprising a cold blend of from 1 to 10 gal
sition consisting of a cold mixture of 12 pounds
lons of non-wrinkling varnish, about 1 gallon of
of a coloring paste, 1.25 gallons of varnish, 1 25 raw tung oil and a coloring paste comprising ap
gallon of raw tung oil, 0.75 gallon of xylol, 0.25
proximately equal amounts of filler and coloring
gallon of butanol and 0.06 gallon of a 6% solu
matter and including oiticica oil and thinner,
tion of manganese naphthenate, said varnish
said non-wrinkling varnish consisting of the heat
consisting of a heat reaction product of 100
reaction product of oil soluble phenol formalde
hyde condensation resin, oiticica oil and harden
resin, 10 gallons of oiticica oil, 2 pounds of \ ing material selected from the group consisting
litharge, 5 gallons of xylol and 10 gallons of toluol,
of litharge and red lead.
and said coloring paste consisting of 64 pounds of
10. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
titanium oxide, 64 pounds of asbestine, 8 gallons
sition comprising a cold blend of from 1 to 10 gal
of said varnish, and 4 gallons of mineral spirits. 35 lons of non-wrinkling varnish, about 1 gallon of
3. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
raw tung oil and a coloring paste comprising ap
sition consisting of 9 pounds of coloring paste,
proximately equal amounts of filler and coloring
1.75 gallons of varnish, 1 gallon of raw tung oil,
matter and including said non-wrinkling varnish
0.75 gallon of xylol, 0.25 gallon of butanol and
and thinner, said non~wrinkling varnish consist
0.06 gallon of a 6% solution of manganese naph
ing of the heat reaction product of oil soluble
thenate, said varnish consisting of a heat reaction
phenol formaldehyde condensation resin, oiticica
product of 100 pounds of rosin-modi?ed phenol
oil and hardening material selected from the
formaldehyde resin, 10 gallons of oiticica oil, 2
group consisting of litharge and red lead.
pounds of litharge, 5 gallons of xylol and 10 gal
11. A method of preparing an air-drying wrin
lons of toluol, and said coloring paste consisting 45 kle coating composition comprising the steps of
of 16 pounds of asbestine, 16 pounds of lamp
heating oil soluble phenol formaldehyde conden
black, 4 gallons of said varnish and 4 gallons of
sation resin and oiticica oil and hardening mate
mineral spirits.
rial selected from the group consisting of litharge
4. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
and red lead together to form a non-wrinkling
sition consisting of 2 gallons of varnish, 1 gallon 50 varnish, and thereafter cold blending about 1 to
of raw tung oil, 0.75 gallon of xylol, 0.25 gallon of
10 gallons of the varnish with about 1 gallon of
pounds of rosin-modi?ed phenol formaldehyde
butanol and 0.125 gallon 01’ a 6% solution of man
raw tung oil.
ganese naphthenate, said varnish consisting of a
heat reaction product of 100 pounds of rosin=
WILLLAM A. WALDIE.
modi?ed phenol formaldehyde resin, 10 gallons
REFERENCES CITED
of oiticica oil, 2 pounds of litharge, 5 gallons of
The ‘following references are of record in the
xylol and 10 gallons of toluol.
?le of this patent:
5. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo=
UNITED STATES PATENTS
sition consisting of 2.25 gallons of varnish, 0.5
60
Number
Name
Date
gallon of raw tung oil, 0.75 gallon of xylol, 0.25
1,831,323
Root ____________ __ Nov. 10, 1931
gallon of butanol and 0.06 gallon of a 6% solu
tion of manganese naphthenate, said varnish con
sisting of 100.pounds of phenyl phenol formalde
hyde resin, 10 gallons of oiticica oil, 2 pounds of
2,069,252
2,124,703
Kittredge et al _____ __ Feb. 2, 1937
Kittredge ________ __ July 26, 1938
2,455,541
Waldie ___________ __ Dec. 7, 1948
red lead, 5 gallons of xylol and 10 gallons of 65
FOREIGN PATENTS
toluol.
Number
Country
Date
6. A new air-drying wrinkling coating compo
547,321
Great Britain ____ __ Aug. 24, "1942
sition comprising a cold blend of from 1 to 10 gal
OTHER REFERENCES
lons of non-wrinkling varnish and about 1 gallon
of raw tung oil, said varnish consisting of the 70
The Oil and Colour Trades Journal, July 19,
heat reaction product of oil soluble phenol form
1935, pages 175 to 177.
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