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Патент USA US2602365

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July '8, 1952
'
P. w. MEYER arm.
2,602,361
STEP-BY-STEP OPERATED, PARTIAL REVOLUTION WRENCH
Filed June 30, 1949
3 Sheets-Sheet l
.55
t_____)*-——-—-‘
'
'
IN'VENTOR.
PETER
w. MEYER
MlCHHEL RRIOLQ
BY
,
AGE/v6
July 8, 1952
27,602,361
P. w. MEYER ETAL
STEP-BY-STEP OPERATED, PARTIAL REVOLUTION WRENCH
Filed June 30, 1949
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
m
mw
l
,// / /
INVENTOR.
PETER W. MEYER
MICHHEL R. RIOLQ
July 8, 1952
P; w. MEYER EI'AL
'
2,602,361
STEP-BY-STEP OPERATED, PARTIAL REVOLUTION WRENCH
Filed June 30, 1949
3 Sheets-Sheet 15
INVENTOR.
PETER w. MEYER
MIOHHEL R.R_IOLFI
2,602,361
Patented July 8, 1952
UNITED ‘STATES PATENT OFFICE.
- . Peter W.Meyer, Noroton Heights, and Michael R.
.,~ Riola,;Bridgeport, .Conn., assignors to Deering
. {Millikenlteeearch Trust, Greenwich, Conn., a
nonpro?ttrust of Maine
'
‘
_ Application June 30, 1949, Serial No. 102,308
, .15 Claims. (01. 81-453)
1
.
r,
,.
.‘The present invention relates to “wrenches
having predefinedv stroke and, more ‘particularly,
to wrenches adapted for rotating i?yer hub as
sembliesj
'
. 'When rayon or silk single yarns require twist
2
Fig. 4‘ is a detail view on an enlarged/scale
of the cylinder and wrench va‘s‘semlolyo?f Fig., 1;
Figs. 5 and '6 aredetails on an enlarged scale
of the foot pedal assembly of Fig. 1;
Figs. '7, 8 and 9 are-detail views on an'enlarged
scale of a flyer in position on the holding ?xture
of. the apparatus of Fig. 1, showing different
stages of rotation of the locking'idiscduring
ing without doubling, they are passed through
an up-tw'iste'r. The bobbin of ‘lit-{twisted yarn- is
placed upon a vertical spindle, and the yarn is
operation of_ the. apparatus.
twisted as it passes‘through'two eye‘ wires pro
‘.Broadly‘speaking, the apparatus of the ‘present
jecting from a rotatable ?yer. The twisted yarn 10 invention comprises a reciprocating member, the
isthereafter'wound upon a horisontal bobbin.
axial motion of which serves to 'operatea’rotary
In normal usage the-1 projecting eye wires of
member
associated therewith, and including
these flyers become bent or broken, "and the flyers
means for regulating, the length of the are, of
are therefore soconstructed that the wires‘ are
of the "rotary member. More ,pgartio- ,
replaceable. Ina widely ‘used standard construc 15 rotation
ularly;
a”
reciprocating member is provided for
tion, the wires are ?tted snugly in guides and
moving: a wrench into and out, of engagement
their inner¢ends ‘are ‘bent'. around ai'otatable'
with a locking disc of av?yer positioned upon a
hub: and are locked in place beneath a locking
?xture and the wrench is caused‘ to rotate
discwhich is. a?ixed to the-hub.‘ ‘The locking
through _an_~-arc, of rotation determined by the
disc has two ?anges which arel'separated by arcs 20 ‘axial stroke of the reciprocating member,_ at
of- 110° and each of which spans an arc of ‘70°.
least when the wrench is in engagement with
Thus, :by rotating .. the ‘flanged locking disc
through 90°, ‘the wire endslarel'released, while
a further rotation throughi90°~ in either direction
locks theminto position again.
'. _
.
the ?yer
,The following description applies to the appa
ratus‘shown in Figs. 1 ‘0036 inclusive.
25
Reference character ' I" indicates a ‘base‘having
‘_In the past this disc rotating operation has
a
support 2 and a ‘platform _3 ?xedly mounted
been ,perfo'rmed with a manually operated
thereon.-v
Integrally constructed with theplat
wrench, using .:a ?xture to hold the flyer ‘unmov
form 3 is a ?xture-or anvil eadapted to receive
able. This operation has been‘ troublesome‘ and
W Vflyer,
v
_ U having acentral recess 6, in which
and
time-consuming, because the flyers are quite 30 a
the
hub
of the flyer?ts. At- the upper, portion
small _(us,ua1lynot exceeding 1% inches in ‘length
of support 2 there ‘is mounted aup'latfo-rni 1
vand 5/; inch inw‘idth), thus making r'otatior‘i'of
,the flanged disc into locking'T'and releasing-post
tion a delicate-task, and‘ because the rotatable
having a port 8‘ therethrough, inwwhich port/is
mounted the reciprocable, piston rod 9 of a
pneumatic cylinder I0 oi conventional type. The
,discjls hard to turn, as it’ ‘must'?t tightly in vorder 35 pneumatic
cylinder is likewise ?xedly fastened to
to prevent loosening ofthewires during-use.v
the
support
2. The piston I2, w-hichivsequipyped
; Itv is an vobject of theziprese'nt invention to
‘ i3, i4 and I5, is_._af?xed to the
with
three
rings
providejan apparatus for .producin‘g‘rotational
pisto“ "rods and is reciprocated within ,theicham
motion through ‘a predetermined. are of‘ rotation.
, It is ;a further object of ‘the invention to? pro
vides wrench of prede?nedstroke for releasing
and, then looking ?yer wires iini place 'iht'wo
_
v
successive
operations without‘ need of
.justment_,-by, the operator;
'
.
special'ad
‘
‘These andv otherv oblects'and advantages of
this‘inve?tion will be apparentto those skilled
in the artfrom the following description, taken
in conjunction with- thelaccompanying drawings,
40
her by ‘air pressure which is regulated by the
four-way‘yalve 16 of conventional design,- such
‘asType'88i M1’ (Foot), manufactured by, the
Boss. Operating Valve 'Qompany V of 1 Detroit,
Michigan (best shown in Figs. 5 and 6).
The Valve ‘ l6 vcomprises fourspring-mountéd
45 plungers’ l1, ‘I8, 19 and '20 whose ‘position is con
’trolled by ‘the stop 22. The stop-lsintegraLWit-h
the‘. pedal. 23’ and’ isreCiprQcated or pivoted by
tiiemovement thereof, suitable .detentmeans be
ing provided to maintainthe pedal in either/of
Fig.1 is a diagrammaticside elevation of an so two positions, raised or‘ lowered, as is'jgenerally
shown in Figure 5. Four lines li‘ilji'i 'intdithe'valve.
apparatus in accordance with‘ the invention";
Air-pressure lines 24' and 25 ruh'tothe‘ iiiqiiér
Fig. 2 is a partial top plan View on an enlarged
wherein:
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W
i
'
'
'
'
scale of thegapparatus' of Fig‘; 1.
,
‘
a
3 shows the electrical circuit of the aura
ratusiof Fig. 1;
-
a
. _
chamber 25 and lower chamberJZ'I‘LrespEc veiy,
of- the/‘cylinder 10, while Tune '28 is‘ forexhaust of‘
air. andilin'e "29 ' runs to the ' source - of compressed
3
2,602,361
4
air. When the pedal 23 is in the raised solid
and 180° at the next succeeding stroke of the
line position shown in Fig. 5 the stop 22 is in the
piston, this cycle being repeated automatically.
solid-line position shown in Fig. 6 and plungers
To this end the following means (best shown in
l1 and 13 are held open while plungers i9 and
Figs. 1, 2 and 4) are provided. The electric cir
20 are urged by their respective springs to a
cuit in which they are associated is shown in
closed position. Thus, air pressure line 24 is
Fig. 3.
‘
'
connected to air exhaust line ‘28, plunger ll be
Exteriorly of the piston rod 9 above the p1at
ing open, while line 25 is connected to the com
form ‘I is threaded the stop nut 49. This stop is
pressed air line 29 through open plunger 18.
adapted to be screwed up and down the piston
Compressed air, while the valve is in this posi 10 rod 9. Ordinarily, this stop nut is so adjusted
tion, is delivered through lines 25 and 29 to the
that, at the time that the wrench 49 makes a
lower chamber 27 of the cylinder I9, while air
rotation of 180°, the stop nut is brought against
is exhausted from the upper chamber 26 of the
the top of the platform 1, halting further down
cylinder l9 through lines 24 and 28. The piston
ward movement of the piston rod 9, and thus
rod 9 is thus raised.
further rotation of the wrench.
On the other hand, when the pedal 23 is in the
At one side of the piston rod 9, upon the plat
depressed dotted-line position shown in Fig. 5,
form ‘I, there is mounted the electric solenoid 50.
stop 22 is moved to the dotted-line position shown
A slide 5| is reciprocated by the solenoid 59 into
in Fig. 6 and plungers I? and I8 return to a
and out of the dotted-line position shown in
closed position under the urging of their respec 20 Fig. 2, in which position it engages the stop nut
tive springs. Thus, when the pedal is in the de
49 upon downward movement of the piston rod
pressed position, line 24 is connected to the com
9, and prevents further downward movement of
pressed air line 29 and line 25 to the exhaust 28.
the same thereafter. The slide 5| is made of
Thus, compressed air is delivered through lines
such a thickness that at the time the stop nut 49
24' and 29 to the upper chamber 26 of the cylinder, 25 on the piston rod, during a downward stroke
lwhile air is exhausted from the lower chamber 21
thereof, engages it, the wrench has made a 90°
of the cylinder through lines 25 and 28. The pis
rotation. Thereafter, further rotation of the
ton rod 9 is thus lowered.
wrench is prevented.
The piston rod 9 has at its lower portion (best
The solenoid is operated electrically by the fol
shown in Fig. 4) a recess 30 in which is immovably 30 lowing means: A spring-mounted microswitch 53
‘affixed (by the pin 3!) a shaft 32 with a thread
is placed upon the base 54, upon which the foot
having a helical angle beyond the coe?icient of
pedal 23 is mounted. This switch is normally in
friction. The pin 3i pierces the shaft and both
the open or “off” position, but is closed (“on”)
walls of the piston rod, holding the shaft vagainst
upon contact of the angular bar 55 therewith
rotation. The ends of the pin are ?ush with the
when the foot pedal 23 is depressed, and opens
outer surface of the piston rod. The pin is re
automatically when the foot pedal is raised. movable for removal and repair of the shaft 32
Positioned upon the outside of the cylinder l0
‘and Other parts associated therewith. The recess
and a?ixed thereto is a spring-loaded dimmer
'30 and the shaft 32 are in axial alignment with
switch 56. This switch is ?ipped successively to
‘the central recess 6 of the ?xture 5. Spring
the closed (“on”) and then to the open (“off”)
mounted (by the spring 33) upon the end of
position (shown in Fig. 3) upon each engagement
shaft 32 is a sleeve 34, to whose upper end is af
of the shaft 51 therewith. . The shaft 51 is a?ixed
fixed the spiral nut 36. The sleeve 34 screws into
to one end of. the triangular plate 58, the other
the recess 39 over the shaft 32 by means of the
end of which is ?xedly mounted upon the piston
spiral nut 36, and is partly screwed over the shaft
rod 9. Thus, the plate 58 and the shaft 5'! re—
and depends from the recess. At the lower end
ciprocate with the piston rod 9, and the switch
'of the shaft 32 is a?ixed a bronze bushing 38,
56 is flipped ?rst .to the “on” position on one
which facilitates rotation of the sleeve about the
stroke of the piston rod, and then ?ipped to the
‘shaft and also acts as a stop to prevent the spiral
“of?” position on the next stroke of the piston
nut 36 from unscrewing completely, thus detach
r0
ing the sleeve from the shaft.
7 At the ,bottommost portion of the sleeve 34
there is located a wrench 49 having two cleats
42~and 42', spaced apart by an arc of 189°, in a
recessed portion 43 at the bottom of the wrench.
These cleats engage the ?anges 16 and 16' of a 01 CAr
.
'
.
The dimmer switch, microswitch and solenoid
are connected together in series in the electric
circuit, shown in Fig. 3, to a standard 110 volt
alternating current line. When the dimmer
switch 56 is closed (in the “on” position) and the
microswitch 53 is closed (in the “on” position)
'?yer'locking'disc 12 (see Figs. 7, 8 and 9). The
the solenoid 50 is actuated. ‘When, however, the
wrench 'may also have only one cleat, if desired.
dimmer switch 56 is in the “off” position, then
In this event, the wrench engages one ?ange of
the circuit is open, even though the microswitch
‘the locking disc. A post 44 disposed in the recess
53 is in the “on” position, and the solenoid 50 is
60
engages the center hole of a ?yer upon the anvil
not actuated. Since the dimmer switch is ?ipped
1'5 and enters the central recess ii of the anvil.
to the “on” and then to the “off” position on suc
- Thus it aligns the wrench on the ?yer for positive
cessive strokes of the piston by operation of the
shaft 51, the solenoid 50 is actuated ‘only on al
ternate strokes of the piston-rod 9, even though
the microswitch 53 is closed each time the pedal 23
engagement with the ?ange thereof. The wrench
is immovably affixed to the end of sleeve 34 by
the pin 45. This pin is similar to pin 31, since
both its ends pierce the sleeve and are flush with
the outer walls thereof, and it is removable for
easy removal or replacement of the wrench. The
spring mounting 41 rests within the sleeve 34
below the bushing 38, and it and the top of the
wrench 4i! serve as supports for the ends of the
‘spring 33.
is depressed. A light59 on the dimmer switch is
illuminated when the circuit is closed, 1. e.,;when
both switches 53 and 56 are closed.
. 7
As has been stated, the position of the stop
nut 49 is so adjusted that the ,wrench' 40 makes
a maximum rotation of 180°. When the solenoid
50 is actuated, and the slide 5| which hasa'p're—
determined thickness contacts and ‘halts down
‘Theapparatus is so constructed that the
wrench rotates 90° at one stroke of. the piston 75 ward movement of the piston rod, the wrench 40
rotates only 90°. Thus, the wrench alternately‘ is
21,602,361
5
time, underthe-io-rce of the .compressedspring 33,
cessive strokes loitheipistcn'zrod; because the sole
the sleeve 34 is causedtounscrewitself from the
noid'f'??l‘ is actuated-only" on alternate strokes
thereof.
--
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-
a
6
9 is-raised to-its initialn-position. = :Atthesame
' shaft; 321 ‘by-means ofi the-spiral nut.’ 36,‘ returning
the wrench-tol-its ‘originallpositiontandthe spring
I
“ Two =rods,'-only one. or which is shown- (at: 60)
mounted pads (only pad:l63~is~‘shown) are also
pass-through the-plateiiiifor- reciprocation there
returned to w their: original‘ ‘position. '- 5 When. the
in. v A stop-nut I (61 > ~on:rod1'560')- i-prevents therods
piston rod 9 reaches its uppermostiposition, the
shaft 51 "?ips thev dimmer switch1 ‘SB-Ito the “off”
position, thus preparing the electric circuitifor
the'ne‘xt stroke',»-and~makin‘g it impossible toactu
ate‘ethe solenoid 50*when the‘: microswitch : 53 is
from falling-through‘ the plate. . Each rod. is en
veloped ~ by a ‘ compressionspring ;('62 on rod .60)
and the-springs- are compressed Ibetweenw the lower
sur-taceflofi the- :plate? 58 ‘and- the- upper: surface: "of
the :rubberésurfacedipads: ‘(63> onurodi 60) ,- respec
tively, which are‘ ia?ixedl to“. the lowerlends of the
rods.‘ 3'The rods are normally: held in the position
closed-the-next timeltherpedali23 is depressed.
-‘ vAt‘thispoirit-the ?anges lliran‘dZ 13-1 of the ?yer
lock-ingdisc'
12' are in theiposition shown. in Fig.8.
shown, but are 'so 'positioned'onz-the plate 582that 15
The operator-may- vnow easily remove the origi
thew-pads;‘engage'v the wires. ot a flyer mounted
nal wires 13, 14 and 15 andhinsert newiwires.
upon thevanvil-iupon avlowering. of theipiston
The operatorrenow. causeswthe‘. =pistonrod ‘9 to
rod 1' Si-before .the ‘wrench .ill?z‘aengages the: ?ange
thereof, 'andvhold-the‘ .flyer ?rmly
make'a secondidownwardrstroke ‘by; depressing. the
pedali 23, whichl'returns the valvetstopt. 22’ to the
dotte'dé-l-ine positionshownin Fig. 6 and resultsin
place. for
action thereon ‘by. theiwre‘nch.
; - Operation? of: the? apparatus: is- extremely. . sim
application of! air pressure to'the upper surface of
the piston‘ ll2=in the ‘upper. portion. H‘ of thecyl
inder' chamber» as set .forthlsabove." This again
ple;v and can bexvcarriedout by relatively unskilled
operators. IThe'steps of operation are. illustrated
in Figs. 7, 8
=9 and. ‘reference is now; made to
bringsthe spring-mounted pads» and the‘ wrench
these .?gures l in a conjunction with - Figs. - 1-6, _. in
25
elusive.
40 into engagement with the?yer'. On this-‘stroke,
however, even though switch 53 is “on,” the elec
tric circuit is open, becausetthe .dimmeriswitch 56
.i-Duringbthis stroke! of -.the.piston'-ro'd 9,.: the
dimmer! switch} 56' is iii-the. ‘.‘on” position; Thus,
whenztheroperator “depresses. the, pedal 23 and the
in the f‘oi’f” ' position, . so that . the solenoid: 50
closed, 30 cannot be actuated,=and theispistonv rod 9 makes
a full stroke, rotating the'wrench-‘M through-its
light 159 v_is?‘i1luminated, the: solenoid: 53' is. actue
maximum, arc of. 180° Icy-the time stopanutrr49
ated, and the slide-51. engages the 'stop' nut=49
contacts the plate ‘I.
7
and; preventsviurther I downwardimovement of the
microswitch; ‘53 is vrclosed; ; the. :circuit:
pistonv rod 'after contact: therewith,v thus: halting
rotation 'of-'~.the wrench-1 lit-after it "has: rotated
througman arc of 90°.
~
_
~
:
When the wrenchidlir?rstengages the locking
. disc 12, the cleats142 and~42-'are,in‘the position
shown inFig. 8. "Afterthe-wrench' 40 has ro
tated through its-?rstQO" arc,-=_the.;cleats;42 and
"As ?yer 10;‘ the locking. disc' 12 ofwhich is .int the
positionshown
7 :placed in the ?xture 5.
42’ are in the position shown in Fig. _9,vand atthis
point ?rst engage'thel?anges ‘wand ‘[6’, respec-_
The; operator ‘depresses the pedal- 23', thus closing
tively. As the wrench‘: 40:, rotates through ,its
the. _’switch:‘5.3,:5and the. ‘electric circuit,. so *that
slide 51: engages‘thepiston rod‘ 9, and'adniitting 40 second 90? are with the cleats inengagementwith
?anges, it returns the disc 12 to a positionvsimilar
air under pressure to the upper chamber 26* of
to thatshown: iniFig.. '7,- except thatthe-two
the cylinder Ill- through the lines; 24 andv 29. .-Si
?anges 1B and 'l?'areznow reversed ingposition.
multaneously; air is ‘released from the-lower cham
Thenew ‘wires. are‘ .thuszlocked, inY-place.
ben 21 of the cylinder'throughthe lines Hand 28,
and: therebyunderqthe'. in?uence of the increased 45 :The operatorrnowelevates the pedal 23,;which
opens. the microswitch 5.3; .and i returns; the valve
airi-pressurevabove the piston I2, vapdownward
stroke. of ; therpistontrod v9
stop 22 to the solid-lineposition shown inqFig. v6.
This-againw-causes thepiston rod 9'to rise, re
turning. the spring-mountedpads and the wrench
to their ‘original position. At the same time, the
shaft 51 engages,andflipsthedimmer switch 56
caused‘ to. . occur.
Thusythecspring-mounted pads ,(onlylpad 63 is
shown) : yare 1. brought ' into engagement with the ‘
flyer'iwiresp‘lt’, "and 15,‘holding ‘the flyer steady
while-the. central guide-post 44 guides. thewrench
40=~into1precisa engagement with the ?yer locking
tothe .‘fon” positiomthus, preparing the electric
circuit for the nextjstroke of the piston, so that
whenthe microswitch 53 is closed-upon the-next
strokeypressure isuexerted-upon the wrench 40, 55 depression of the'pedal 23; solenoid 5.0 and slide
51 are actuated, once. again limiting the stroke
causing the-sleeve 34' to‘rotate with the spiral nut
of the piston rod and the rotation of thewrench
365~§upwardly> over the‘ shaft‘ 32, and turningwthe
4n toran .arc of'90°- ‘ -iThe~?yer 10 is then removed
wrench 40K tot-he right. The cleats 42 and 42? of
from the ?xture 5 and the apparatus is ready to
thBQWI‘GIlChlO thus‘engageY-the ?anges ‘l6 and 16’
and rotatethe ?yer locking disc v‘l2;v As thesleeve 60 repeat the cycle of operations on vanother flyer.
The particular embodiment of the invention
and wrench-rotate; the spring 33 is compressed.
illustrated has amechanicjal lift Bllcomprising an
A-iter the‘ wrench“; has ‘rotated > 90?,v the stop :i nut
ejector pin 8!, and -a;,hand= control 82 a?ixed to
daqengages the slide 5-l,~halting further ‘down
a‘ lever: 83'. ' :Thepin -8;|- .reciprocates- in averti
ward'rmovement of-r-the piston, rod; and rotation of
di'scz12.;j
.
_
-
As the piston rod 9 continues itsw'do'wnward
thewrench.
:
1
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65
open-ing'the .-microsw-iteh53,v and shifting thevalve
stop'2'2- to theo-selid-line position shown in Fig.6.
By__this._._1novement of-ithe valve stop, line.: '25» is
connected. tothe; compressed air line 2-9 while line
214.31g connected with-the. exhaustline 18-; thus,
under the rose‘ o?ltheQincreased airpressure in
the lower chambefz'l'ofthe cjr'lindenupom the
‘bottom of theifpistoh‘ .l 2 , ' combined.‘ with exhaust
or a‘ir-rrom'tneupperchaniber zathe‘piston rod
cally aligned-ori?ce'tll inbase Landplatform 3,
connecting'idirectly to thelrecess’ 6 in the‘. anvil 5.
The-lever is pivoted on the rod 85, which is sup
1 wThe: operator'wtherr raises; the‘ pedal 23, ‘thus
ported upon‘the plate 86 depending from base’ I.
’ Thus-the‘ pin-'BI iswraised" or lowered through
70 “ori?ce-‘Baby operation of the vhand control 82.
' The pin 8| engages a flyer hub from beneath and
ejects ‘it from the ?xture '5.v "Obviouslythis' lift
75
may. be controlled by, aioot. pedal, instead ' of _ by
hand, or may be omittedentirely.
"
2,602,361
7
8.
The particular embodiment illustrated also in
cludes means for oiling the parts disposed in
the recess 30 of the piston rod 9. For this pur
pose, a passage 98 is disposed in the center of .the
piston 9, connecting the top of the recess 38
with the top of the piston 9. A cap 9| is pro
vided at the top of the passageway. .It will be
evident to those skilled in the art that this is
completion of each full reciprocation thereof.
5. The device according to claim 3 including
means responsive to the control of an operator
for throwing said second switch closed upon each
stroke of said reciprocatory member toward the
not'an essential part of the apparatus of the’
invention.
' It will also be apparent that it is not necessary
10
that‘a pneumatic cylinder be used for operation
of the device, as an electric motor or other source
of power may be employed. Various additional
changes may be made in the particular construc
tions illustrated without departing from the
spirit of the invention.
From the foregoing description, it will be ap
parent that the wrench of the invention is simple
of construction, requires a minimum of adjust
ment and is relatively compact. It permits rapid
and easy replacement of ?yer wires in standard
or custom-made ?yer hubs, the wrench itself be
ing easily removable upon removal of a pin so
that a wrench with cleats arranged to ?t any
desired type and size of hub ?ange may be in-,
serted.
The following is claimed:
1. In a device: for rotating a part of a work
piece of the type having a member mounted for
reciprocatory movement toward and from a work
piece, a wrench keyed to said member and
adapted to be brought into engagement with a
part of a work piece during movement of said
member toward the work piece, and to rotate
relative to the member while in engagement with
said part upon further movement of said member
toward the work piece, the improvement com
prising stop means mounted adjacent the recipro
catory member and movable from a position out 40
of engagement with said reciprocatory member
to- a ‘position engaging said reciprocatory mem
ber and means actuated electrically only on alter
nate strokes'of said member toward the work
piece to move said stop means into engagement
with'said reciprocatory member in order to limit
the extent of reciprocation thereof and thus to
limit the extent of rotation of said wrench.
2. A device according to claim 1 in which said
wrench and said reciprocatory member are
formed with cooperating parts permitting said
Wrench to rotate in one direction from its origi
nal position, relative to said member, to another
predetermined position, relative to said member,
while in engagement with said part upon move
ment of said member toward the Work piece, and
then to rotate in the reverse direction relative to
said member upon movement of said member
away from the work piece until it has returned to
work piece, and then to throw said switch open
upon the next succeeding stroke of said reciproca
tory member away from the work piece.
6. In a device of, the type including a verti
cally disposed non-rotatable shaft mounted for
longitudinal reciprocatory movement toward and
from a work piece, a cylinder rotatively mounted
upon said shaft, a wrench keyed to said cylinder
so as to rotate therewith upon engagement with
a part of said workpiece during downward move
ment of the shaft, the improvement which
comprises a detent mounted adjacent said shaft
and movable from a position out of engagement
with said shaft to a position engaging said shaft
and electrically actuated means responsive to the
movement of said shaft, to move said detent into
engagement with said shaft on alternate strokes,
limiting the downstroke of ‘said shaft to control
the angle of rotation of the wrench.
7. The deviceaccording to claim 6 wherein said
stop means comprises a member adaptedto en
gage said reciprocatory shaft, a solenoid adapted
to thrust said member into and out of engage.
ment with said reciprocatory shaft, connected in
series with an electric switch adapted to be
thrown open upon one full reciprocation of said
shaft; and then to be thrown closed upon the
next succeeding full reciprocation of said shaft,
and a second electric switch adapted to be thrown
closed prior to each downward stroke of said
reciprocatory shaft and to be thrown open prior
to each upward stroke of said reciprocatory shaft.
8. The device according to claim 7 including
means associated with said reciprocatory shaft
for automatically actuating said ?rst switch upon
completion of each full reciprocation of said
shaft.
9. A device according to claim 7 including
means responsive to the control of an operator
to actuate said second switch upon completion of
each stroke of said reciprocatory shaft, whereby
said stop means engages said reciprocatory shaft
on alternate downward strokes thereof so as to
limit rotation of said wrench, whereby when the
' work piece is a flyer having a ?anged ?yer wire
locking hub, reciprocation of the shaft causes
the wrenchv part: to engage the ?ange and to
rotate it on the ?rst stroke into wire unlocking
position and on the second stroke into wire look
ing position.
.
-
y
,
' '10. A device according to claim 9 wherein said
wrench part is so positionedas to rotatably en
gage a ?ange of a ?yer hub on one downstroke
immediately after said wrench begins to rotate
said original position.
.
and on the other downstroke after said wrench
3. The device according to claim 1 including
has rotated through an arc of 90°, and said ?rst
means for'electrically actuating saidstop means
and second switches are thrown closed on said
comprising, connected in series in an electric
?rst-mentioned downstroke of said switch so as
circuit, an electric switch adapted to be thrown
to limit rotation of said wrench to 90°, and said
open upon one'full reciprocation of reciprocatory (. ?rst switch is thrown open on said last-mentioned
member and then to be thrown closedupon the
second downstroke of the shaft so as to allow
next succeeding full reciprocation thereof, and a
rotation of said wrench to a full ‘180", whereby
second switch adapted to be thrown closed upon
the wrench part engages androtates a ?yer hub
each stroke of said reciprocatory member toward
the work piece, andvto be thrown open upon each ‘
strokeof said reciprocatory member away from
the work piece.
.
‘g
l
T
'
'
-
‘l. The device according to claim 3 including
meansadapted to reciprocate with said recipro
catory mcmber'to operate vsaid ?rst switch upon
?ange through an arc of 90° into wire unlocking
position on the ?rst stroke, and on the second
stroke rotates through the ?rst 90°'arc, then en
gages the flange and rotatesit "through a further
arc of 90° intowire locking position.
'
.
@111: In‘a device.‘ for rotating a part of a' work
piece of. the type having a wrench mounted on
2,602,361
the free end of a sleeve dependent from a spiral
nut, which nut rides on a spiral shaft‘mounted
.10
15. In a device of the type including a ver
tically disposed spiral shaft mounted for longi
tudinal reciprocatory ‘movement toward and from
for reciprocatory movement toward and away
a work piece, a spiral nut riding on said shaft,
from the work piece, saidwrench being adapted
a sleeve dependent from said nut and rotatable
to- be brought into engagement with the part of
therewith, and a wrench carried by the free end of
the work piece to be rotated, the combination
said sleeve so as to rotate upon engagement with
comprising means adapted when actuated to
a part of the work piece during downward move
limit the angle of rotation of the part of the work
ment
of the shaft, the improvement which com
piece by the wrench by limiting the extent of
prises
electrically actuated stop means limiting
movement of the shaft member toward the work 10 the downward stroke of said shaft to control the
piece and electrical means for actuating said
angle of rotation of the wrench whereby when
limiting means.
the work piece is a ?yer having a ?anged ?yer
12. The device according to claim 11 wherein
wire locking hub and said wrench is moved down
said last mentioned means comprises a solenoid
to engage the hub flange and rotate the
adapted when energized to actuate said limiting 15 ward
hub, rotation thereon is stopped when the ?yer
means, a normally open energizing circuit for
wires are unlocked.
.
said solenoid and means for closing said circuit
PETER W. MEYER.
only on alternate strokes of said member toward
MICHAEL R. RIOLA.
the work piece.
13. The device according to claim 12 wherein 20
REFERENCES CITED
said circuit closing means comprise a pair of
The
following
references are of record in the
series connected switches, means movable with
?le of this patent:
said member for reversing the condition of one
of said switches on each stroke of said member
UNITED STATES PATENTS
toward the work piece and means for maintaining»
Number
Name
Date
the other of said switches closed during each
stroke of said member toward the work piece and
for maintaining such latter switch open during
movement of said member away from the work
30
piece.
14. The device according to claim 13 including
power means for moving said member toward the
work piece and operator controlled means for
coupling said power means to said member, said
last mentioned switch being mechanically con 35
nected to said operator controlled means for
closure thereby.
1,261,432
1,322,612
1,742,040
1,887,216
7 2,119,968
2,143,173
2,3004392
2,300,435
2,433,959
Parslow ___________ __ Apr. 2,
Proske et al _______ __ Nov. 25-,
Lynch et a1. ______ __ Dec. 31,
Reynolds _________ __ Nov. 8,
1918
1919
1929
1932
Shoff _____________ __ June '7, 1938
Sho? ____________ __ Jan. 10,
Austin ____________ __ Nov. 3,
Ricciardi __________ __ Nov. 3,
Runkle ____________ __ Jan. 6,
1939
1942
1942
1948
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