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FR2522251A1

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[5][_]
Physical
(15/ 15)
[6][_]
less than 10 days
(1)
[7][_]
50 deg
(1)
[8][_]
1 kg
(1)
[9][_]
300 g
(1)
[10][_]
100 g
(1)
[11][_]
740 mg
(1)
[12][_]
694,6 mg
(1)
[13][_]
20 mg
(1)
[14][_]
3 mg
(1)
[15][_]
1,7 mg
(1)
[16][_]
382 mg
(1)
[17][_]
100 mg
(1)
[18][_]
12 mg
(1)
[19][_]
664 mg
(1)
[20][_]
631 mg
(1)
[21][_]
Molecule
(6/ 9)
[22][_]
nitrogen
(4)
[23][_]
water
(1)
[24][_]
phosphorus
(1)
[25][_]
P2O5
(1)
[26][_]
iron
(1)
[27][_]
Zinc
(1)
[28][_]
Gene Or Protein
(4/ 9)
[29][_]
ProteinS
(6)
[30][_]
LEURS
(1)
[31][_]
DANS
(1)
[32][_]
Etre
(1)
[33][_]
Generic
(3/ 4)
[34][_]
saccharides
(2)
[35][_]
lipids
(1)
[36][_]
salts
(1)
[37][_]
Organism
(3/ 4)
[38][_]
ANIMAL
(2)
[39][_]
cattle
(1)
[40][_]
birds
(1)
[41][_]
Chemical Role
(1/ 2)
[42][_]
FERTILISER
(2)
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Publication
_________________________________________________________________
Number FR2522251A1
Family ID 8137913
Probable Assignee Rougereau Andre
Publication Year 1983
Title
_________________________________________________________________
FR Title NOUVEAUX PRODUITS RICHES EN proteinS ET LEURS APPLICATIONS
EN Title MEAT FLY LARVAE LYOPHILISATE - USEFUL AS ANIMAL FOOD AND
FERTILISER ESP, IN HORTICULTURE
Abstract
_________________________________________________________________
LA PRESENTE INVENTION CONCERNE, EN TANT QUE PRODUIT NOUVEAU, UN
LYOPHILISAT D'ASTICOTS UTILISABLE NOTAMMENT DANS LES ALIMENTS POUR
ANIMAUX ET LES FUMURES EN AGRICULTURE
Lyophilisates of meat fly larvae are useful as animal feed, e.g. for
cattle, birds and fish and as fertilisers, esp. in horticulture. The
larvae should be less than 10 days obtd. They may be given in a tower
with sieve shelves on which abattoir waste is spread. When the larvae
appear they are dislodged from the shelves by shaking, crushed and
lyophilised, opt. after decanting to eliminate some lipids.
Lyophilisation is carried out after cooling to ca. minus 50 deg.C.
Description
_________________________________________________________________
Nouveaux produits riches en proteins et leurs applications.
La presente invention concerne de nouveaux produits riches en proteins
et leurs applications.
Il a ete trouve que les asticotes, larves de mouches a viande,
presentaient, dans leur premier stade de teveloppement, une
composition qui les rendaient particulierement propres a certaines
utilisations notamment comme engrais et comme additifs dans les
aliments pour animaux.En effet lorsque les asticots sont recoltes et
analyses dans les dix jours qui suivent leur naissance ils presen-tent
sensiblement la composition type suivante
- water 72 2
- cendres 1,2 Z
- nitrogen total 2,5 Z
- nitrogen soluble 0,2 Z
- proteins 14,4 2
- lipides 9,4 Z
- saccharides 2,8 Z
On notera la presence d'une forte proportion de proteins et bien
entendu on peut egalement penser que ces asticots comportent des salts
et des oligoelements qui sont potentiellement interessantss.
Il faut donc mettre ces asticots sous une forme directement utilisable
et pour cela on a utilise la lyophilisation.
La presente invention concerne donc, en tant que produits nouveaux les
lyophilisats d'asticots dont l'age est inferieur environ dix jours.
Les lyophilisats ainsi obtenus (1 kg d'asti cots frais donnant environ
300 g de lyophilisat) ont la composition moyenne suivante: (pour 100 g
de poids sec).
. Cendres 4 greater than 6
. nitrogen total 8,8
. nitrogen soluble 0,7
. proteins 51,4
Lipides 33,7
. saccharides 9,6
phosphorus 740 mg
. P2O5 1.694,6 mg
. iron 20 mg
. Mn 3 mg
. Cu 1,7 mg
. Ca 382 mg
Mg 100 mg
. Zinc 12 mg K R 664 mg
. Na 631 mg.
Ces lyophilisats peuvent autre utilise en l'etat ou peuvent etre
soumis des traitements connus en eux-memes pour modifier leur
composition ou les desodoriser par exemple.
La presente invention concerne aussi les applications de ces
lyophilisats, ces applications Stant l'emploi dans les fumures
agricoles (et notamment dans l'horticulture) et comme elements qui
composent les aliments pour animaux (et notamment les aliments pour le
betail, les oiseaux et les poissons.)
La prEparation industrielle des asticots utilisables dans l'invention
est simple; on utilisera par exemple un tour a stages dont le fond est
compose d'une grille assez fine sur laquelle on depose des residus
d'abattoirs; on introduit des mouches dans la tour; ces mouches
pondent et il apparaitra rapidement des asticots; la grille sera alors
soumise X des mouvements alternatifs ayant pour objet de detacher les
asticots de leur support; ces asticots traverseront la grille et
seront amenEs dans un broyeur; la masse broyee obtenue est soit
envoyee directement W la lyophilisation, soit decantee pour en
Eliminer par filtration, une partie des lipides, le produit obtenu
etant alors lyophilisE.
La lyophilisation s'effectue apres refroidissement a environ - 50*C.
Claims
_________________________________________________________________
REVENDICATIONS
1. Produit nouveau constitue par un lyophilisat d'asticots.
2. Utilisation du produit selon la revendication 1 dans les aliments
pour animaux, plus particulierement les aliments pour betail, oiseaux,
poissons.
3. Utilisation du produit selon la revendication l comme fumure en
agriculture et plus particuliereaent dans l'horticulture.
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