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DESCRIPTION JPS532203

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DESCRIPTION JPS532203
Description 3 invention of cultivating machine 1) base means; said pair of ground means
including a support means; motor means carried on said base means; and actuating means on
said base means And auger means having a rear portion operatively connected to said motor
means and operatively connected to said motor means and a front portion having cutting means,
said cutting means being remote mK A # rotary machine, characterized in that it has a screw
portion-and is provided with a first radial blade spaced from the wedge screw portion.
Range of request
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to tillers,
and more particularly to tillers utilizing the auger's tilling action. The very usual thing of the
usual cultivator used for the field work before! ! llK Dynamically driven wheel-shaped or
company-line-shaped blade (teeth) t- and a rear-working tiller with a driven wheel. The rotating
blades propel the tillage mt-forward. In fact, the disadvantage of the four solid shoulders of this
type of machine is that the blade is difficult to control and it is too fast for the machine and in the
forward direction to carry the operator's IIIJ II. In order to prevent it from being pulled, EndPage:
2 has an impetus to push forward the obstacle bar. Similar cheaper tillers have front wheels and
rear blades. The wheels are supplied with work to control the forward thrust provided by the
rotating blades. The blades must be shielded to protect the operator and such tillers are simpler
to use than those of the rear wheel type but are extremely expensive. In fact, both of these types
of machines are expensive, and users usually do not buy but rather borrow. Although the auger
type tillage '11 is disclosed in, for example, US Patent Nos. 562.4B5, 2.87 to 850 and 471499.0,
these tillers are different from the conventional tillers described above. It was not U.S. Pat. No.
562,485 discloses a four-wheeled device driven by a rear wheel and having a tilting auger
utilizing a special form auger tube. US Patent Number II! U.S. Pat. No. 2,876,850 is coacted
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together by a gear train assembly and discloses an apparatus. Finally the US Patent Number! The
th714.99Q discloses an auger-like clearance that is driven aft of the tractor and utilizes an auger
with a cylindrical discharge housing. None of these devices are commonly used because of their
often complicated construction and poor auger stability. The apparatus according to the present
invention # 3 solves the above problem in a manner not disclosed in the prior art. Cultivator F! It
has a forwardly extending auger assembly and a rearwardly extending handle 1. The propulsion
of the device is facilitated by the action of the auger but no obstacles are required. The military
fIR comprises two wheeled bases containing a motor mounted in the rear direction. The auger
assembly is mounted below the motor and is driven by a drive assembly connected to the auger
assembly at the rear end of the motorized cultivator.
The auger body is supported in the longitudinal direction of the base between support doors
spaced a distance substantially equal to the length of the auger assembly projecting forwardly
beyond the base. The auger assembly comprises a pair of elongated sleepers disposed in parallel
and secured to one another to provide a bearing for the pair of auger shafts. Each auger shaft has
a screw at its distal end and a blade spaced apart at the rear so as to increase the radial length of
the longitudinal cutting cone t-defining to the next fan, or the blade The cutting tube has an axial
twist to provide optimum mixing and cutting characteristics. The drive assembly comprises a
drive sprocket mounted on the motor shaft and a driven sprocket mounted on the aft end of the
auger shaft. A barging means is provided between the drive sprocket and the 11i working
sprocket for rolling the auger shaft in the opposite direction K (b). The connecting means
between the driving and driven sprockets is an endless chain connecting the driving sprocket and
one of the driven sprockets: an idler portion driven by the endless chain and a side relationship
by the other endless chain Use driven sprockets) A silk-tapped sprocket with a K-connected drive
part. The base comprises a lower part and a fixed, upwardly extending rear part, said lower part
mounting the auger assembly and said rear part mounting the drive assembly. A removable
housing is provided to the base and the drive assembly. Referring first to FIG. 1, the tiller is
generally designated by the numeral 1D and is substantially lower portion 12 attached to the
ground wheel 13 and a rear portion 14 secured to the lower portion 12. It will be appreciated
that the base 11 is equipped with a. A motor 15 is attached to the lower part 12 of the base at
the rear, and a pair of auger assemblies 16 and 17 are rotatably mounted on the base 11 in the
same direction. The auger assemblies 16 and 17 # 'i are rotated in the opposite direction by a
drive assembly generally indicated by the numeral 20. EndPage: 3 The drive assembly is
disposed at the rear end of the tiller and connects the motor 15 and the auger assembly 16.17.
Covers 21 and 22 are provided on the motor 15 and the mount 11 respectively. The tiller 10 # 'i
also comprises a hand-operated handle 23ft, which handle is also used to power the motor 15,
which in the embodiment shown is an electric motor?
Provide a conduit for four. However, it will be readily understood that a gasoline engine could
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also be utilized if desired. The components of the tiller 10 will now be described with particular
reference to FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. If! As illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6, the lower base portion 12 is
substantially channel shaped and extends around the horizontal portion 25 and the depending
side portion 26. A short shaft 27 is welded or otherwise attached to the side portion 26 for
attachment to the ground wheel 13t. An upwardly extending aft base rear portion 714 is
provided by a generally triangular vertical plate 60 having lugs 51, said lug 51 having a chisel
between the drive assembly power cover 22 and the plate 3o. Fasteners 38 (see FIG. 5) are also
provided to connect the cover and the plate. The lower and aft base parts 12 and 14 are for
example firmly attached together by welding t1 or a beveled mFf material 33 of said base parts
25 and 30 in order to promote the integrity of the base structure as a whole. Welded in between.
Between the handle 25fCd cover 22 and the vertical plate 3o is provided a U-shaped end portion
34 mounted by means of a pair of bolts, whereby the handle is made removable. On the motor
15 a lug 36 is fllj and mounted, for example, on the lower base part 25 with a fastener 3''7.
Auger assemblies 16 and 17Fi are provided with shafts 40 and 41 respectively. 7 '(IIIIJ mesher
assembly has an axis drive connection static and an orientation 1 k of the cutting edge portion is
the same, and thus, the auger assembly 16 will be described with reference to 7'). The auger
assembly 16 comprises a sleeve 42 attached by welding or other means to the inner corner of
the channel-shaped lower base portion 12 defined by the horizontal portion 25 and the
associated depending @ portion 26. A sleeve 42 extends over each end of the base lower part 12
and is provided at each end with a bushing 45 bearing the rear part of the shaft 40. The forward
portion of each elongated shaft is provided with cutting means, said cutting means comprising a
screw portion 45t at its distal end, radially spaced and fixed radial blades or teeth 46 of the
whole axis and Have 47. The blades 46 and 47 are disposed in a plane perpendicular to the
direction of travel of the cultivator 10 as shown in FIG. 6 and arranged orthogonal to each other.
Each blade has a length generally proportional to the distance from said augerule portion 45 to
provide a substantially conical cutting cone, shown in phantom in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 5, the driven sprockets so # -ff have a transfer pole 52 at the rear end of each
auger shaft 40 and 41. The respective sprocket bosses 52 are arranged opposite to each other
and mounted on their respective axes, with the sprockets 50 and 51 containing rotational planes
spaced from one another by the arrangement of said bosses. Sprockets 50 and 51 provide a
portion of drive assembly 2 o which rotates each axis of auger assemblies 16 and 17. In addition
to these sprockets, the drive assembly 20 comprises a drive sprocket 53 mounted on a motor
shaft 54 located aft through the upwardly extending plate 30 'II. The motor drive sprocket 53
and the auger driven sprocket 51 lie in the same plane and are connected by an endless chain
55. An idler-drive combination sprocket 56 fixed to a rotatable sleeve 58 is mounted on a short
shaft 57 fixed to the plate 50, for example by welding. As best illustrated in FIG. 4a, the minor
axis 57 extends between the plate 50 and the cover 22 and is supported by an opening provided
in the cover 22, for example #i. The combination sprocket 56 has an idler portion 60 and a drive
portion 61 coaxial with it. The idler portion 60'd is in the same plane as the endless chain 55, is
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appropriately positioned to engage the Chain EndPage: 4 / b5 and to be wI moved. The driving
part 61 is an auger * W1. It is provided in the same plane as the movement / rocket 50 and is
connected to one sprocket 50 by a second endless chain / 62. The chain 62 drives the auger
shaft 40 in the same rotational direction opposite to the direction of the auger shaft 41. The
mating sprocket auger drive sprockets 50 and 51 for the chain 55 and sprockets 55.51 are
arranged to rotate in substantially the same time, but in opposite directions. In the preferred
embodiment, WIA 1 jl I sprocket 53 is provided with 10 teeth and 6 'drive sprockets 50 and 51
are provided with 5' 0 @ teeth. The idler and drive portion of the combination sprocket 56 is
provided with fifteen teeth, and the wedge sprockets are provided approximately one third of the
distance between the centers of rotation of the sprockets 55 and 51. With such an arrangement,
the auger sprocket is driven at a speed reduced by a factor of 5 relative to the motor drive
sprocket and the cover 21 providing the housing and baffle for the motor 15 has its front end on
the base lower portion 12 Attached by fasteners 64 to the provided lugs 63.
The cover 21 is also attached on each side to a cover 22 which provides the housing of the drive
assembly 20, for example by means of fasteners 6.5. Since the elongated sleeve 42 is connected
to the base 11 and the side silk solid 20 is disposed in the rear direction, the shafts 40 and 41
are spaced apart at a ratio taking into account the entire length of the shaft 43 Supported by The
length between the support bushes is, in this preferred embodiment, greater than the length of
the unsupported portion of the lll shaft projecting forwardly from the sleeve. It will be
appreciated that such a structural arrangement of the parts significantly promotes the stability of
the auger shaft. As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the sleeve 42 extends from the base 11 in the
forward direction, but this extension can be increased to further increase the stability.
Furthermore, instead of a continuous sleeve, the support can be provided by a plurality of spaced
apart sleeves with bushes or suitable bearing means at their ends. In addition, with the auger
stem portion-5 at the distal end of each of the shafts 40 and 41, radial blades 46 and 47t- are
provided to provide an excellent cutting cone. The operation of the tiller is smooth, lift the handle
25 and 'W! 4 is triggered by engaging the auger tip with the ground as illustrated in phantom in
FIG. The tilling work starts at the auger tip and goes backwards to the blade that has grown to
the next fang. vf 耘 speed is the auger's lead and auger rotation speed #! Controlled by Rocks are
rolled to the side instead of hitting the blades 46 and 47 and damaging the blades, and the
holding angle with the ground keeps the grade in the cultivated land at a certain predetermined
depth. The part 45 acts as a guiding means and a drafting means at start-up and at work. By
pressing on the 2 +-for a while, the cultivating action occurs, and releasing the press stops the
action of II. The tiller is moved by simply pulling backwards. Since the blades of each auger
assembly are set out of phase with each other, each auger assembly can be placed close to each
other, and any torque is removed by the opposite rotation of each blade to remove any torque.
The result lI 耘 榛 can be handled easily. Honpurosuke # I! In addition to turning work, it can also
be used for drilling and drilling work. The dredging operation is accomplished by first inserting a
portion of the australia 45 into the ground and then tilting the shafts 40 and 41 to a suitable
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inclination angle of approximately (+ 0i (60 ′ ′ ′ ′ ′).
Such inclination allows the ground wheels 13 to be lifted and utilize the weight of the apparatus
to facilitate the drilling operation and to pivot the cultivator to the horizontal position, so that
each blade is cut off by cutting the roots or similar. There is a tendency to move objects upward
from below. A large cultivator butterfly Also, as mentioned above, somewhat similar to a kitchen
mixer 71? It is also possible to place EndPage: 5 in a position such that the shafts 40 and 41 are
substantially vertical, so that they can be used in m 轡 and can be used to mix cossicator
additives into soils It is. Also, by providing a variable speed motor, 9 low I I! When it is not
desirable to soil the soil too finely. Encourages soil conditioning capacity. Furthermore, by
rotatably attaching the rear portion of the shaft 4D and -41 to the base portion K, the lateral
force applied to the front portion during operation is resisted by the couple provided by the
mounting of the rear portion. Provide a longitudinal support for the By placing the cover 22
behind the motor 15 and the wheel axis, the center of gravity of the tiller is located behind the
wheel axis, thus providing a means for the rest of the tiller to be inactive.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a dual auger IIF mill with
the motor housing removed. FIG. 2 is a side view of a cultivator. Figure 95 is a plan view of the
tiller. FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view 1g5 taken at @ 4-4 of the HS diagram is an
enlarged partial rear end view. FIG. 6 is an enlarged partial front end view of the tiller. The main
parts in the figure are as follows. 10: cultivator 11: base 12: lower part 14: rear part 13: ground
wheel 15: motor 16.17: auger assembly 40.41: auger shaft 42 two sleeve 43: push 20: drive
assembly 50.51: 111 Drive Spukket 55: Drive Sprocket 55: Endless Chain 56: Idler-DriveCombination Sprocket 62: Second Endless Chain 21.22: Cover 25: Handle 2 'Name of Agent 2's
Agent's Name In-Poster In-Drop Co., Ltd. End Page: 6
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