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DESCRIPTION JP2003260098

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DESCRIPTION JP2003260098
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a
method, procedure and apparatus for giving bodily sensation and vibration to a body, which is
particularly, but not exclusively, suitable for the human body.
[0002]
2. Description of the Related Art It has been practiced since ancient times to give vibration to the
human body, and there are many patents on mechanical vibration generating devices. A typical
prototype of these devices is the device of an asymmetrical modified flywheel. Conventional
mechanical vibration generators are used to relieve pain and lead to a relaxed state. It has been
confirmed that the effect of the vibration increases as the surface area of the human body
subjected to the vibration increases. Unfortunately, mechanical vibration devices, when applied to
the large surface area of the human body, may cause motion sickness and other harmful side
effects due to their ultra-low frequency (less than 20 Hz) resonance inherent in their nonlinear
design . Until, all mechanical vibration devices cause numbness when applied to specific parts of
the body for an extended period of time. The required fatigue recovery effect quickly declines
due to "stimulation fatigue", which is a phenomenon in which repetitive stimulation of nerve
endings is not transmitted by nerve fatigue. In order to overcome the cessation of
neurotransmission when using mechanical vibrators, it is necessary to increase the feasible
stimulation intensity exponentially in a limited time only. Therefore, the required beneficial
effects are stopped by the stimulation fatigue phenomenon.
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1
[0003]
The inventors and researchers have found that vibrations generated by music can be applied to
the human body through devices such as simple speakers. This practical example of putting a
speaker for playing music on a sofa, a chair, and a pad can bring about a relaxing effect and
pleasure. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses such a simple device. The positive effects of
such devices vary depending on the music selected.
[0004]
Patent Document 2 teaches that a specific audio frequency in the range of 30 to 120 Hz can be
embedded in music and transmitted to the human body through a loudspeaker to massage a
specific part of the human body or treat a specific physical disease. ing. This particular sinusoidal
frequency (e.g. 39 Hz) is boring and tired without being embedded in music. For this reason, the
method of this patent is always used in combination with music. Separate peripheral speakers
and amplifiers are used for accompaniment music. Patent Document 2 states that use of two or
more loudspeakers that perform reproduction via two channels (radio frequency bands). One
channel is used to stimulate hearing by this selected music. The second channel generally plays
through speakers fixed to the bed or chair on which the subject lies. The frequency selected for
application to the subject is embedded in the music played on this fixed speaker. Previous tapes
generally contained only one type of embedded frequency, but later tapes have multiple portions
of music to eliminate monotony or to stimulate different muscles or nerves. The frequency was
embedded. A low frequency sine wave signal can be made more pleasing by pulsating. A pulse is
generated, whose pulse width is determined by phase cancellation that mixes the desired
frequency with another frequency that is very close to the frequency. For example, mixing the
frequency of 60 Hz and the frequency of 60.07 Hz generates a pulsation signal having a pulse
width of about 14 seconds. Due to the "resonance theory", the teaching of US Pat. No. 5,677,698
faces the limitations of scanning performance associated with the use of "phase cancellation".
The scanning performance is practically limited to the effects caused by the particular frequency
embedded in the music. Implementing this system is expensive. Also, this system requires a
therapist / technician to operate the sine wave generator. The engineer must be trained enough
to determine the appropriate frequency for each patient and embed this frequency in the music.
[0005]
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2
The frequency recommended in Patent Document 2 is essentially anatomical. Various
frequencies are selected based on the particular muscle or disease process to be treated. The
specific frequencies in the range outlined below are numerical values determined by testing each
subject with a sine wave generator on the bed where the sound comes from. This frequency is
embedded in the music. Table 1 is a range of specific frequencies to be selected for the abovementioned problems, which is recommended by Squirrel (one of the inventors of the invention
described in Patent Document 2).
[0007]
It is pointed out in Patent Document 3 that this method does not address the problem of
"stimulation fatigue".
[0008]
In order to address this problem, Patent Document 3 describes a procedure in which vibration is
applied acoustically to a human body by a vibrating element to create a comfortable sensation
for relaxing the body, and each such vibrating element is substantially straight. When placed in
an array, they are vibrated by only one audio frequency in the range of 20 Hz to 200 Hz, so each
vibrating element may be close to a specific part of the human body.
Then, in Patent Document 3, the vibration intensity of each vibration element is periodically and
continuously changed between the maximum value and the minimum value other than 0 to
generate the maximum intensity with a predetermined frequency, and the vibration element It is
specified that each vibrating element is driven at different times by producing a phase shift
between the maximum intensities generated by the proximity of the two, thereby causing them to
be adjacent to the vibrating element along a linear array. The maximum intensity can be
generated continuously to create the sensation of waves traveling along the human body. The
method of this patent is effective. The method moves the audio frequency for each of the series
of linearly arranged vibration elements with a predetermined time delay, thereby moving the
signal actually and receiving various vibrations of various parts of the human body. The problem
of “stimulation fatigue” is addressed by releasing temporarily.
[0009]
Certain body parts have been identified that respond to certain frequencies. For example, thick
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3
back muscles are generally stimulated at frequencies around 50 Hertz. It is also known to give
the same sense of position to different subjects or the same subject at different times, and the
frequency may have to be changed by several Hz. If one accepts the "resonance theory", this may
be the result of a natural change in hydration that alters the thickness of the tubular structure
(muscle or nerve) to be vibrated. In the experimental implementation of the method described in
the patent document 3, the frequency variations used in the phase program passing through
each element to allow the same body part of multiple patients to be stimulated with one tape or
program is very small. It was small. This is to absorb each small difference in resonance
frequency. The brain is known to generate 40 Hz oscillatory waves if it is desired to promote
relaxation of the central nervous system, but there is small variation among individuals. By using
the “resonance theory” you will want to create a resonance between the vibrating element and
the subject's brain. The sinusoidal stimulation program passing through each transducer can be
scanned at 39-41 Hz. The effect of this scan is to be able to achieve resonance frequencies in a
greater proportion of treated subjects.
[0010]
The aforementioned patent discloses the physiological use of a very narrow frequency range.
This is because sounds above 120 Hz can be heard rather than perceived. Producing sufficient
air pressure to generate sensation from a frequency of about 800 Hz using a conventional
speaker causes hearing loss. The base shaker described in the patent document 4 from before is
very limited in frequency range, generally well below 100 Hz. Beyond very narrow frequency
bands, the waveform reproduction quality as observed with an oscilloscope will generally be
inadequate. For example, the Aura®-based shaker (US Pat. No. 5,648,015) has a very narrow
band centered at about 40 Hz, in which low frequencies can be reproduced exactly. The level of
reproduction that is barely acceptable is also at a ceiling at around 100 Hz.
[0011]
In fact, almost all the programs according to the teaching of Patent Document 2 and Patent
Document 3 are written at a frequency less than 70 Hz. Conventional speakers have only a
limited ability to generate sensational sound with a frequency of 120 Hz or more. With
conventional speakers, above 70 Hz it will not be fun for most people.
[0012]
Patent Document 1: US Patent No. 5,143,055 Patent Document 2: US Patent No. 5,101,810
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Patent Document 3: US Patent No. 5,113,852 Reference 4 U.S. Pat. No. 4,326,506
[0013]
Prior to the present invention, the problem of "stimulation fatigue" is solved by vibrating the
human body using a method that requires only a simple and inexpensive point source vibrating
element, and the long-lasting beneficial No one achieved the effect.
It is clear that it is desirable to develop a simple and cost effective method that addresses the
problem of “stimulation fatigue” and lasts the benefits of vibratory massage for treatment. It is
also desirable to broaden the frequency range that can be employed for therapeutic sensational
sounds, ie, sine wave massage.
[0014]
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention takes advantage of near-continuous
frequency variations, frequency and amplitude variations, or frequency and amplitude and
rhythm variations, to provide a wavelike sensation through a sensible sound transducer (TST).
Produce a "moving" vibratory massage effect.
[0015]
A frequency range of 20 to 800 Hz is used in the present invention.
The present invention requires particular frequencies to treat particular areas of the body or
particular physiological problems (e.g. muscle pain). However, the present invention utilizes a
wide range of changes in frequency (or) frequency and amplitude (or) frequency and amplitude
and rhythm to move the signal emitted from a single transducer (multiple transducers can be
used) The uniqueness lies in stimulating different parts of the body and the physiological system.
The evolution of implicit near frequencies in a continuous broad scan can produce program
effects on a wide range of individuals. A wide range of frequency scans (with or without
amplitude variations, rhythm variations, and pauses) are used to rest and restore other sites
while any site is being stimulated. This provides a solution to the single transducer "stimulation
fatigue" problem. This makes it possible to create sine wave stimuli (without "stimulation
fatigue") that produce long lasting effects more simply and at a much lower cost by eliminating
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multiple transducers and amplifiers. A simple example of such a program may start at around 40
Hz and scan at variable rates up to 58 Hz to create a pleasing massage effect on the thighs and
above and below the back. Such programs can be written to be enjoyable without music, but
music can be added to enhance their enjoyment.
[0016]
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a system that provides bodily
sensation and vibration to the human and animal body.
[0017]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Various frequencies have been used to treat specific parts of the body
because such frequencies are perceived in these specific parts.
In the present invention, frequency changes are used to move the stimulus from one part of the
body to another. This frequency variation to create the motion of the stimulus itself, rather than
to treat a particular muscle or disease, provides a solution to the problem of "stimulation fatigue".
This allows for a moving massage, moving from one part of the body to another and recovering
the unstimulated body part. For example, the subject sits on a chair 10 to which a TST 12 as
shown in FIG. 1 is attached. To massage the entire subject's back, a simple program is used that
operates a common wave generator 14 that runs a program that changes the frequency from 48
Hz to 58 Hz almost constantly. The stimulus moves based on the rate of change of frequency.
[0018]
Amplitude variations may also be used to move the sensation of energy wave stimulation. The
variation range of the amplitude can be arbitrarily selected within the range of 0 to 120 decibels.
The addition of amplitude variations to frequency variations not only helps the signal solve the
problem of “stimulation fatigue” but also brings a much more pleasant and enjoyable feeling
without the need to mix with music. For example, the subject lies on a bed properly actuated by
TST. The subject is given a whole-body massage with an amplitude in the range selected from
within the limits of 0-120 decibels and a simple program that changes the frequency of 40-60
hertz almost constantly. The changes in amplitude and frequency cause the subject to feel as the
massage moves from one part of the body to another.
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[0019]
Rhythmic variations may be added to the amplitude and frequency variations to achieve different
physiological effects. Amplitude and frequency fluctuations governed by strong rhythmic
patterns may be used to excite the subject in addition to massaging the subject. Treatments that
use the same amplitude and frequency but are not rhythmic may be used to relax the subject. For
example, the subject again sits on a TST activated recliner. This time, the subject receives a
program that generates a sine wave that changes the amplitude (any within the range of 0-120
decibels) and the frequency (within the range of 48-56 Hz). A strong rhythmic beat is added to
bring a sense of tapping on the back massage site. An infinite variety of rhythmic variations can
be used to bring about a wide variety of pleasures, stimuli and relaxations.
[0020]
Varying the amplitude, frequency, or rhythm (although pauses can be incorporated for special
effects), for example, by physically changing the stimulated location, such as a series of muscles
or the central nervous system. Can solve the problem of fatigue. The unstimulated site can
recover while the other recovered sites are stimulated. This provides the greatest benefit that
does not diminish.
[0021]
The wider the range of bodily sensation sounds available for therapeutic purposes, the wider the
treatment options are offered to the therapist. Thus, the second aspect of the invention involves
the therapeutic use of bodily sensation sounds in the 20-800 Hz wide range. This broad range of
sensational frequencies for therapeutic purposes may use devices such as Clark's synthetic
transducers (US Patent 5, 473, 700) (Model 229) or other new transducers with similar or
greater functionality. Enabled by For the purposes of the present invention these devices are
defined as TST. These devices generate sound combined with greater acceleration energy than
conventional speakers. These devices provide a more "feeling" experience. Also, these devices are
suitable for listening to a whole range of music and at the same time are suitable for the present
invention. Unlike loudspeakers and base shakers, these devices provide up to 800 Hz of
perceived sound without causing dangerous or unpleasant air pressure. As an example, the
availability of these higher frequencies can create a wave program that can perform "moving
massages" on thin muscles of the hands, fingers and even toes.
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[0022]
The present invention does not require the use of music, but can use the addition of music to
increase the enjoyment. The addition of music adds all the benefits derived from the music.
Clark's synthetic transducers can play music combined with a therapeutic wave program. Music
can also be added through the use of conventional speakers or earphones.
[0023]
In some circumstances, such as in a ward where there are multiple beds, using the present
invention without music completely eliminates the annoyance of other patients in the room.
Similarly, if the present invention is used in a device such as a king size bed, it may be better to
be implemented without music in consideration of the person sleeping together.
[0024]
In the present invention, only one vibrating element is sufficient, thus making an economical
device. Nevertheless, the invention is not limited to the use of only one vibration transmitter. By
changing the frequency, amplitude and rhythm within the claimed frequency range using
multiple vibration elements, a variety of interesting and enjoyable effects can be created. Also,
this configuration provides a solution to the "stimulation fatigue" problem. It is generally
assumed to use one or two vibration transmitters so that a standard stereo device can be used for
the power source of the program, ie the wave generator.
[0025]
In another embodiment of the invention when used in combination with multiple TSTs, socking is
performed simultaneously on separate broad body surfaces. The essence of this unique
application is the creation of a program that moves across the body part of the body by using
frequency and / or amplitude and / or rhythm variations known to be effective for the body part
of the subject Is achieved by Second and third programs effective for massaging other parts of
the body are similarly created according to the number of TSTs. These programs are then run
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simultaneously utilizing two or more TSTs in the vicinity of the target body part. For example, as
shown in FIG. 2, a subject sitting on a recliner 10 equipped with two TSTs 12 and TST 16
arranged one behind the back and one below the legs has a massage to lift and lower the legs.
You can experience simultaneous (or continuous) massages up and down. This is done with
fluctuating frequency, amplitude and rhythm around 50 Hz for the back and around 40 Hz for
the legs. Adding two or more TSTs slightly increases the cost of using this method, but the twochannel stereo scheme for the program's power source is common and the cost of adding one
TST is very high. cheap. By altering the treatment program used in the method, the method may
be desirable for many stereo users.
[0026]
It is possible to use modulation of the frequency and amplitude at various rhythms via a bass
shaker or a conventional speaker. This solves the problem of "stimulation fatigue". While this use
adapts the invention to the limited frequency range currently used for somatic therapy, the
preferred form of the invention uses TST in a frequency spectrum above 200 Hz. Including. The
combination of the amplitude / frequency of the treatment wave is assumed to fluctuate almost
continuously, but allowing up to 5 seconds of rest to achieve special effects is not beyond the
scope of the present invention. Similarly, maintaining a constant amplitude / frequency for a
short time to achieve special effects does not depart from the scope of the present invention. The
program varies the stimulus enough to prevent boredom and "stimulation fatigue".
[0027]
The preferred form of wave used for the stimulation of the present invention is a sine wave. A
sine wave has no resonance. By preventing low frequency resonances of the non-linear system,
the dangerous side effects of vibration are substantially eliminated. These dangerous side effects
include:
[0028]
0.5-1.5 Hz-motion sickness 2 Hz-eye shaking 4 Hz-decline in coordination of vision and hand
[0029]
However, this does not prevent the present invention from sometimes using square waves or saw
waves to achieve special effects.
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[0030]
The invention can also be realized by a program incorporating suitable sine waves stored on a
tape, CD, chip or other medium and reproduced using conventional stereo amplifier schemes
using TST.
The program may be provided to the mixer to combine the program into music.
The program combined with the music may be played through Clark's synthetic transducers,
speakers, or other sources. As an example of creating a program, a function generator (such as
Metex MXG-9802) is connected to an analog recording device of a computer via a computer
sound card (such as a sound blaster (registered trademark)). Next, a signal is transmitted from
the analog recording device to a program such as voice editing software (for example, "Sound
Forge") or audio file editing / conversion software (for example, "Cool Edit"), and converted into a
digital format. The program itself is created by setting the function generator to "sine wave". In
order to facilitate the generation of the program in the desired frequency range, one (usually 10
or 100) is selected from the sequence of frequency buttons of the generator. Rotate the volume
control to adjust the signal amplitude. Next, rotate the frequency selection knob to adjust the
frequency of the signal. The rate of rotation of the amplitude and frequency knobs imposes a
rhythm on the program. Resting (amplitude zero) is achieved by adding a variable resistor in
series between the sine wave generator and the input of the computer. The variable resistor is
selected to generate a very high resistance (10-50,000 ohms) as compared to the low voltage
signal of the generator. By switching the resistor from zero resistance to high resistance, the
amplitude is virtually zero and program pauses occur.
[0031]
If the program is recorded on the recording device in an analog format and converted to a digital
format by voice editing software or audio file editing / conversion software, it can be copied to a
CD (compact disc). The program is then reproduced for testing on the transducer via the
amplifier, ie in the chair or bed. If the program is comfortable and appears to have achieved the
desired purpose, the program may be further edited by selecting and repeating the most
attractive parts of the program. The length of the program can be manipulated by reusing or
cutting each section of the program (using audio editing software or audio file editing and
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conversion software) as desired, then the program IC, CD , Tape or other suitable means for use.
[0032]
The copied program may then be transmitted directly to the transducer in a chair, bed, training
table etc via amplifier and used by the customer or to add music from another source It may be
transmitted from the amplifier to the mixer and from there to the transducer and chair, bed,
training table etc.
[0033]
The invention may be incorporated into a mattress, pad, bed, chair or table (such as a training
table).
The invention may be used to move the floor, or may be incorporated into a garment (e.g., horse
scum) to treat humans as well as animals. The invention is used in devices such as home
entertainment chairs where the subject can enjoy the benefits provided by a wave-like massage
(with or without a mixture of sensible sounds) while enjoying a movie or watching TV It can also
be done.
[0034]
The TST utilized in the present invention may be incorporated into various support structures,
such as by forming a pocket, may be embedded in a covering such as foam, or may be rigidly
fixed to a rigid structural frame. Likewise, the invention is also suitable for use via liquid media
such as swimming pools and Jacuzzis. This type of system is created by generating a sine wave
program through the transducer using transducers such as liquid filled tanks, hot tubs, water
vessels, Clark's synthetic transducers attached to the shower, and submersible transducers. It
may be done.
[0035]
The support structure of the present invention can be assembled to include the entire invention,
and the mat may then be actuated by a wireless device, other manual control, or control panel.
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Alternatively, such a support structure can be assembled such that the TST is attached to the
support structure or attached to the interior of the support structure, with the other parts of the
invention, such as the wave generator, facing out.
[0036]
In order to receive the benefits of the present invention, the subject should be in the proper
vicinity of the vibrating element. TST may exert its effect by direct contact or indirectly through a
floor, a chair, a table, other surface, or an aqueous environment through which vibrational stimuli
are transmitted. An ideal embodiment of the present invention (FIGS. 1 and 2) is a comfortable
reclining easy chair fitted with one or two TSTs. The easy chair should be constructed so that it
can be operated satisfactorily by the TST used. Subject leans on an easy chair. A "whole body"
wave massage program may be delivered to the TST via a conventional amplifier in combination
with the music selected by the subject. The wave frequency, amplitude and rhythm of the wave
massage program are selected to suit the music. Both the music and the wave massage program
must be adapted to the desired physiological effect. The quality of the music can be improved by
adding earphones and possibly additional high quality mid- or high-range speakers. One
embodiment of the present invention can utilize two TSTs in a two track stereo device placed in
close proximity to different body parts. Two frequency scanning programs, which have a
duration of a few seconds, can be played back one second later, with a pause of one second after
the second track playback. This configuration creates the illusion that a linearly rotating massage
is being applied.
[0037]
The invention is not limited to the details given above, but may be varied within the scope of the
appended claims.
[0038]
Industrial Applicability As described above, according to the present invention, the problem of
"stimulation fatigue" can be addressed, and the benefits of therapeutic vibration massage can be
extended in a simple and cost-effective manner.
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