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IEEE ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT REVIEW, VOL. 47, NO. 1, FIRST QUARTER, MARCH 2019
17
Standards and TEMS—Synergy
in Management?
—VICTOR HUANG
Sage Technology Resources, Cupertino, CA
95014 USA
TEMS Member, IEEE
Abstract—Within IE4EE, most technical societies participate and develop
IEEE standards. The question is whether IEEE-TEMS should explore,
participate, and be involved in standards development and standards, as a
technical management process. Does this fall into a Field of Interest for
TEMS.
W
attending one of IEEE
Standards Association’s (IEEE-SA)
HILE
IEEE DOI 10.1109/EMR.2019.2897665
committee meetings at their 2018
year-end events, I wondered how
many IEEE’s societies have
standards in their Fields of Interest
or in their standing committees.
Observing the reports of the review
activities on standards development
and the submissions of Project
Authorization Requests (PARs)1 to
the IEEE-SA, these submissions
usually come from the traditionally
standards generating societies such
as Power Electronics (PELS),
Power and Energy (PELS),
Computer (CS) and
Communications (ComSoc). I begin
to ask should the Technology and
Engineering Management Society
(TEMS) be involved in standards
setting and development. As I
understand it, TEMS has never
been involved or associated in
standards, and again traditionally,
standards work usually covers
areas of specific technical
applications of particular advantage
to industry and consumers.
Standards contribute to ease of use,
universal acceptability and reduced
development or manufacturing
costs. These are definite
advantages as shown by such
obvious everyday examples such as
gas pumps for automotive vehicles
1
Project Authorization Request – Known as
PARS, it is the formal submission request by
the Sponsor/sponsoring IEEE society for standards development, to IEEE-SA. This is the start
of the standards development process by a
Working Group.
or USB connections for mobile and
consumer electronics.
But, have we looked at the process of
standards setting and development?
Both within the industry and
Standards Development
Organizations (SDO) standards
processes are really a process of
management! In technical fields, this
will be one aspect of technical
management. In fact, there are
companies forming official groups or
departments to research and develop
standards.
From a simple viewpoint, there are
two areas of management processes
that drives a successful standards
process.
The first is recognizing the need for
standardization and managing
technical requirements and
specifications and development that
generate common interfaces for
interoperability with other products,
enabling devices and systems to
interoperate seamlessly.
The second is to manage the
collaboration and cooperation of
such processes with like-minded
industry partners, companies, even
rivals, to ensure interoperability and
compatibility in the marketplace for
the benefits of the end user or
industry, for ease of use, reduced
costs for the manufacturer, as well
as for reduced maintenance and
servicing operations.
18
While TEMS may not cover specific
technical fields of interests like other
societies, it is precisely these
management aspects of the
standardization processes that may
be the domain of TEMS. There
possibly may be more aspects should
TEMS investigate further.
The aspects of management in
standards development will require
management skills and capabilities
that goes beyond the usual technical
management of product development
(e.g., Project Management Institute
(PMI) global standards [1], but will
encompass areas such as strategic
marketing, inter-entity collaboration,
and the management of relationships
and cooperation, not to mention
business aspects of such relationships.
Further, in today’s global
marketplace, these extend to
international relationships, such as
global alliances and international
SDOs, such as IEEE-SA.
Within IEEE, as an SDO, there are
strict regulations and rules covering
the development of IEEE standards
[2], which requires an intimate
knowledge of IEEE-SA processes
IEEE ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT REVIEW, VOL. 47, NO. 1, FIRST QUARTER, MARCH 2019
and procedures (called PnPs) or work
closely with the IEEE-SA staff.
In industry, entities that recognize a
need for standardization will form
standards consortia to generate and
support standards, starting in an adhoc manner and then formalizing
them into standards via SDOs.
In IEEE, standards development
usually starts from an individual or
individuals from a society or a number
of societies. IEEE also provides the
mechanism for generating standards
by entity members such as
companies that want to develop an
IEEE standard.
In brief, the process starts with a
study group made up of individuals
(or entities) that will research the
concept or proposed standard, for
practicality and marketability. With
enough evidence and support, a
PAR is normally generated and
submitted to the IEEE-SA New
Standards Committee (NesCom).
Upon approval from NesCom, the
draft standard will be assigned a
number, and a Working Group (WG)
can be started for standards
development. From the initial Call
for Participation, the WG Chair can
call for WG meetings with interested
participants, and the development
process can be started following
IEEE-SA PnPs. Standard
development by a WG normally
takes two to four years till a full
standard draft is generated and
ready for Standards Balloting. The
standards draft will be polled
through a separately convened
Ballot Group for this standard. An
approval vote from the Ballot Group
will be ratified by the IEEE-SA
Board of Directors (BoD) after which
the standard becomes a full IEEE
standard.
As food for thought, what areas of
development could TEMS sponsor
and support the management
processes and techniques for
standards development? Can TEMS
generate initiatives for Management
techniques and processes for
standardization and standards? Is
there a Technical Committee (TC) for
Standards in TEMS future? Interested
parties are welcome to contact the
author ([email protected]) for further
discussion on advancing standards
in TEMS Fields of Interest (FoI).
REFERENCES
[1] Foundational Standards. [Online]. Available: https://www.pmi.org/pmbok-guidestandards/foundational
[2] IEEE Standards Association, Develop Standards. [Online]. Available: https://
standards.ieee.org/develop/index.html
Victor Huang (M’75-SM’85-LSM’11) is a senior-level executive seasoned in high technology
industrial management, having served as the Vice President of engineering in five separate
startups in Silicon Valley, and as Deputy Director of the Institute of Microelectronics, Singapore.
His experience spans the telecommunications industry and electronic mobility, wireless, and
consumer products. He is currently a Partner with Sage Technology Resources, Cupertino, CA,
USA, a technology and business consulting services firm, where he specializes in IT-automotive
sector—Electric vehicles and infrastructure industry, and in connected and autonomous vehicles.
Dr. Huang is a Member and past secretary of the IEEE Technology and Engineering Management
Society.
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