IEEE ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT REVIEW, VOL. 47, NO. 1, FIRST QUARTER, MARCH 2019 17 Standards and TEMS—Synergy in Management? —VICTOR HUANG Sage Technology Resources, Cupertino, CA 95014 USA TEMS Member, IEEE Abstract—Within IE4EE, most technical societies participate and develop IEEE standards. The question is whether IEEE-TEMS should explore, participate, and be involved in standards development and standards, as a technical management process. Does this fall into a Field of Interest for TEMS. W attending one of IEEE Standards Association’s (IEEE-SA) HILE IEEE DOI 10.1109/EMR.2019.2897665 committee meetings at their 2018 year-end events, I wondered how many IEEE’s societies have standards in their Fields of Interest or in their standing committees. Observing the reports of the review activities on standards development and the submissions of Project Authorization Requests (PARs)1 to the IEEE-SA, these submissions usually come from the traditionally standards generating societies such as Power Electronics (PELS), Power and Energy (PELS), Computer (CS) and Communications (ComSoc). I begin to ask should the Technology and Engineering Management Society (TEMS) be involved in standards setting and development. As I understand it, TEMS has never been involved or associated in standards, and again traditionally, standards work usually covers areas of speciﬁc technical applications of particular advantage to industry and consumers. Standards contribute to ease of use, universal acceptability and reduced development or manufacturing costs. These are deﬁnite advantages as shown by such obvious everyday examples such as gas pumps for automotive vehicles 1 Project Authorization Request – Known as PARS, it is the formal submission request by the Sponsor/sponsoring IEEE society for standards development, to IEEE-SA. This is the start of the standards development process by a Working Group. or USB connections for mobile and consumer electronics. But, have we looked at the process of standards setting and development? Both within the industry and Standards Development Organizations (SDO) standards processes are really a process of management! In technical ﬁelds, this will be one aspect of technical management. In fact, there are companies forming ofﬁcial groups or departments to research and develop standards. From a simple viewpoint, there are two areas of management processes that drives a successful standards process. The ﬁrst is recognizing the need for standardization and managing technical requirements and speciﬁcations and development that generate common interfaces for interoperability with other products, enabling devices and systems to interoperate seamlessly. The second is to manage the collaboration and cooperation of such processes with like-minded industry partners, companies, even rivals, to ensure interoperability and compatibility in the marketplace for the beneﬁts of the end user or industry, for ease of use, reduced costs for the manufacturer, as well as for reduced maintenance and servicing operations. 18 While TEMS may not cover speciﬁc technical ﬁelds of interests like other societies, it is precisely these management aspects of the standardization processes that may be the domain of TEMS. There possibly may be more aspects should TEMS investigate further. The aspects of management in standards development will require management skills and capabilities that goes beyond the usual technical management of product development (e.g., Project Management Institute (PMI) global standards , but will encompass areas such as strategic marketing, inter-entity collaboration, and the management of relationships and cooperation, not to mention business aspects of such relationships. Further, in today’s global marketplace, these extend to international relationships, such as global alliances and international SDOs, such as IEEE-SA. Within IEEE, as an SDO, there are strict regulations and rules covering the development of IEEE standards , which requires an intimate knowledge of IEEE-SA processes IEEE ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT REVIEW, VOL. 47, NO. 1, FIRST QUARTER, MARCH 2019 and procedures (called PnPs) or work closely with the IEEE-SA staff. In industry, entities that recognize a need for standardization will form standards consortia to generate and support standards, starting in an adhoc manner and then formalizing them into standards via SDOs. In IEEE, standards development usually starts from an individual or individuals from a society or a number of societies. IEEE also provides the mechanism for generating standards by entity members such as companies that want to develop an IEEE standard. In brief, the process starts with a study group made up of individuals (or entities) that will research the concept or proposed standard, for practicality and marketability. With enough evidence and support, a PAR is normally generated and submitted to the IEEE-SA New Standards Committee (NesCom). Upon approval from NesCom, the draft standard will be assigned a number, and a Working Group (WG) can be started for standards development. From the initial Call for Participation, the WG Chair can call for WG meetings with interested participants, and the development process can be started following IEEE-SA PnPs. Standard development by a WG normally takes two to four years till a full standard draft is generated and ready for Standards Balloting. The standards draft will be polled through a separately convened Ballot Group for this standard. An approval vote from the Ballot Group will be ratiﬁed by the IEEE-SA Board of Directors (BoD) after which the standard becomes a full IEEE standard. As food for thought, what areas of development could TEMS sponsor and support the management processes and techniques for standards development? Can TEMS generate initiatives for Management techniques and processes for standardization and standards? Is there a Technical Committee (TC) for Standards in TEMS future? Interested parties are welcome to contact the author ([email protected]) for further discussion on advancing standards in TEMS Fields of Interest (FoI). REFERENCES  Foundational Standards. [Online]. Available: https://www.pmi.org/pmbok-guidestandards/foundational  IEEE Standards Association, Develop Standards. [Online]. Available: https:// standards.ieee.org/develop/index.html Victor Huang (M’75-SM’85-LSM’11) is a senior-level executive seasoned in high technology industrial management, having served as the Vice President of engineering in five separate startups in Silicon Valley, and as Deputy Director of the Institute of Microelectronics, Singapore. His experience spans the telecommunications industry and electronic mobility, wireless, and consumer products. He is currently a Partner with Sage Technology Resources, Cupertino, CA, USA, a technology and business consulting services firm, where he specializes in IT-automotive sector—Electric vehicles and infrastructure industry, and in connected and autonomous vehicles. Dr. Huang is a Member and past secretary of the IEEE Technology and Engineering Management Society.