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COOPERATION IN
ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY
TECHNOLOGIES
F.V. Karmazinov,
Director General
SUE “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg”
The Baltic: Common Sea, Common Concern
Late 1980s:
St. Petersburg is one of
major polluters of the Baltic
Sea
Since 1989:
Cooperation between
Vodokanal St. Petersburg
and Finland
2011:
St. Petersburg meets
the HELCOM
Recommendations
Growth of wastewater treatment volumes
.
Before
1978
1978
.
1987
2005
2008
2010
2011
2016
South-West Wastewater Treatment Plant
Put into operation in 2005
Capacity –
330,000 m3/day
The public-private
partnership scheme was
used.
15 financing sources
85% of wastewater is
discharged treated
Northern Tunnel Collector Extension in Petersburg
Put into operation
(stage-by-stage) in
2008 – 2012
Length of main tunnels
– two lines, 12.2km
each
Diameter – 4m
Depth – 40-90m
Result:
95% of wastewater is
discharged treated
Improvement of sanitary-epidemiological condition of
the Neva and the Neva Bay in the Gulf of Finland
Total coliforms, CFU/100 ml
The Neva water quality at Main WTP’s water intake – average data
Total coliforms
Thermotolerant coliforms, CFU/100 ml
500
The Neva water quality at Main WTP’s water intake – average data
Main WTP
Thermotolerant coliforms
- Area of direct discharges connected to the NTC
- Northern Tunnel Collector
MAC
The Clean Baltic Sea Project
Enhanced phosphorus removal
technologies are implemented
at all WWTPs in St. Petersburg.
Approximately, 10 tons/day of
phosphorus are removed.
The average phosphorus
concentration in the total
wastewater discharge –
0.5 mg/l
HELCOM Recommendations
are fully complied with.
Enhanced nutrient removal
Reduction of N and P load on water bodies in St. Petersburg
Reduction of phosphorus
discharge – almost 6 times
(WWTPs, untreated wastewater discharge)
t/year
Vodokanal’s plan
Mass of N, t/year
Mass of P, t/year
Reduction of nitrogen
discharge – almost 2.5 times
Result: fewer blue-green algae
in the Gulf of Finland
Tarja Halonen referred to the
wastewater treatment
Improvements in St. Petersburg
as “a world-class achievement”
Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea
The photo is made by NASA
on the order of the Swedish
Institute of Meteorology
and Hydrology.
It was demonstrated at WWF
Workshop (August 2011,
Stockholm)
Sewage sludge disposal
Petersburg is the first big city to
fully solve the sludge disposal
problem.
Number of sludge incineration
plants – 3
Reduction of sludge volume –
10 times
Electricity production in 2011 –
10,500 MW
Biomonitoring
The composition of flue gases
at sludge incineration plants is
checked by snails
Wastewater treatment quality
is monitored by crayfish
alongside with instruments
The biomonitoring systems
have been designed by the St.
Petersburg Scientific Research
Centre of Environmental Safety
at the Russian Academy of
Sciences
International Advanced Water Technologies Centre
The Centre was established in 2011 by SUE “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg” and
Lahti Science and Business Park (Finland).
The Centre cooperates with the Northern Dimension Business Council (NDBC)
Working Group on Environment and Nature Conservation in the North-West
Russia and with the Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership.
Objectives:
•Organizing international cooperation;
•Sharing experience;
•Benchmarking of innovations;
•Promotion of innovations;
•Organizing events to share information,
ideas and production / management
technologies.
Environmental education
Youth Environmental
Centre:
•Active since 2002,
•12 projects implemented
in 2011
Russian-Finnish
programmes are being
implemented
The Universe of Water
museum complex
•Active since 2003,
•The number of visitors –
over 215,000 in 2011
Average specific water consumption in St. Petersburg
(litres/person/day)
350
305
300
262
250
250
литров/сутки
на человека
Litres/day per
person
250
223
212
195
200
188
168
150
100
50
0
1991
1997
2000
2005
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
Thank you for your
attention!
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