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СТРАНЫ ЕВРОСОЮЗА

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THE EUROPEAN UNION
Выполнена учителем англ.языка Лесниковой Е.М
ЦЕЛИ УРОКА
• Обобщение и закрепление знаний, полученных о ЕС
• Ознакомление с лингвистическими и культурным
многообразием Европы
• Междисциплинарное ознакомление с
социокультурным портретом Европы
• Повторение на базе изученного лексического
материала некоторых аспектов грамматики
• Апробация и применение личностноориентированных приемов и технологий в работе
(метод проекта, метод сотрудничества).
Оснащение урока
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Флаги стран – членов ЕС
Карта ЕС
Плакаты ЕС
Блоки печатных материалов по ЕС
Карточки с проверочными заданиями
Магнитофонная запись текста для аудирования
Магнитофонная запись гимна ЕС (Ода Радости
Л.В.Бетховен)
На доске
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
The Origins and developing of the EC
The goals of the EC
The member countries of the EC
Cultural differences and similarities
How the EC works
Governing the EC
Europe in the 21st century
Symbols of the EU
A BRIEF HISTORY
•
After the second world war, some of the countries in Europe began to look for ways to
make sure that they never went to war against each other again.They decided to work
together and build a better future for everyone.
•
In 1950, two Frenchmen, Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman made a plan to prevent
another war between France and Germany.As a result of their efforts the European
Coal and Street Community (ECSC) was established.Then it developed into the EEC
(the European Economic Community) when in 1957 the Rome Treaty was signed.
•
The EEC was generally called the common market, or the Single Market and it was
called the European Community (EC).
•
By 1986 the number of countries in the EC doubled to 12 and the blue flag with a
circle of 12 gold stars became the official symbol.
•
In 1992 these countries signed the Maastricht Treaty and adopted the new title the
European Union or the EU.
DEVELOPING OF THE EU:
• 1957 - France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands,
Luxemburg.
• 1973 - the UK,Denmark, Ireland.
• 1981 - Greece.
• 1986- Portugal, Spain.
• 1995 - Austria, Finland, Sweden.
• 2004 - Cyprus, Hungary, Malta,Czech, Republic, Latvia,
Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia.
NOW TO TEST YOUR
KNOWLEDGE
1 What do the letters EU mean?
2 How many countries belong to the EU?
3 When was the European Community created?
4 When did the United Kingdom join?
5 What colour is the European flag?
Find the pairs:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
1992
The European Parliament
The European Economic
Jean Monnet/Robert
Shuman
1957
The Administration of
the EU
The Common Market
The Court of Justice
a/ The European Coal and
Steel Community
b/ Strasbourg
c/ The Rome Treaty
d/ The Single Market
e/ The European Union
f/ Luxembourg
g/ The Maastricht Treaty
h/ Brussels
Find a mistake:
1957- France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Poland,
Netherlands
1973- the UK, Denmark, Ireland
1981- Greece
1986- Portugal
1995- Australia, Finland, Sweden
Europe and the European
Community
•
•
•
•
What we know as the European Community (or EC) was first suggested after the
Second World War. During the war Europe had been fiercely divided. Afterwards there
was a need for countries to work together to rebuild damaged relationships and
industries. After much discussion, the Treaty of Rome was signed by six countries
called itself the European Economic Community.
Over the next thirty years, another six countries also became members.
The aim of the EC is to remove as many as possible of the barriers between countries,
so that the people of Europe can live peacefully together and share the same
opportunities. Many of these barriers are disappearing in 1992, so that we truly
become part of a Common Market.
But the EC is not only concerned with Europe. Agreements have been signed with
many developing countries so that Europeans can work closely with them to share
ideas and goods. By working together, the members of the EC can act much more
powerfully to improve things that they could as single countries.
How the EC works
All the EC countries are democratic, which means that people are able to vote for the people
they would like to represent them in the government. The EC works in the same way. Each
country holds elections to choose Members of the European Parliament ( or MEPs ).
There are 518 MEPs altogether.
The parliament building is in Strasbourg. Here the MEPs discuss important matters and
suggest what should be done in the EC. Different committees meet to talk about key
subjects such as farming and energy.
The Council of Ministers of the EC is where important decisions are made. Top government
officials from each country take part in the Council.
The Court of Justice makes sure that the laws of the EC are carried out. It is based in
Luxembourg.
Looking after the different needs of the representatives of each country is a difficult job for
hundreds of people. For example, there are nine official languages of the EC, so all the
documents and all the debates have to be translated into and printed in each of those
languages. The administration of the EC is mainly based in Brussels.
There are 370 million people in the
European Union. They speak different
languages and have different national
Anthems. However, all countries share an
EC anthem.
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