Interesting information about United Kingdom of Great Britain Kamil Stochaj kl. III B Location Great Britain is unitarian and sovereign island nation located in northwest Europe. The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland located on the island of Great Britain and Northern Ireland located on the island of Ireland. Great Britain is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and north, and the North Sea in the east. The Great Britain has also several dependent territories all over the world for example: Akrotiri (Europe), Bermudy (North America), British Antarctic Territory (Antarctica), Falkland Islands (South America), British Indian Ocean Territory (Indian Ocean), Pitcairn (Pacific Ocean), Saint Helena and Dependencies (Atlantic Ocean). Sources: 1. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wielka_Brytania 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom Flag of Great Britain Royal Coat of Arms of Great Britain Map of Great Britain Political system of Great Britain The Great Britain is a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is a head of the state and the Prime Minister is a head of the government. The current Monarch is the Queen Elizabeth II. She has actually a representative functions. The main power has David Cameron- the Prime Minister . The main authorities state are: вЂў the Monarch (Elizabeth II), вЂў the parliament (House of Lords and House of Commons), вЂў the Cabinet with the Prime Minister (David Cameron). The UK hasnвЂ™t got a constitution in the sense of a formal written text but has a constitution in the material sense of general norms and principles. Sources: 1. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wielka_Brytania#Ustr.C3.B3j_polityczny 2. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustr%C3%B3j_polityczny_Wielkiej_Brytanii 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_the_United_Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister David Cameron Administrative division Unit Type Capital Official language Language used England Kingdom London English English, Cornish Scotland Kingdom Edinburgh English, Scottish Gaelic English, Scottish Gaelic, Scots Princedom Cardiff English, Welsh Province Belfast English, Irish Wales Northern Ireland English, Welsh English, Irish Sources: 1. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wielka_Brytania#Podzia.C5.82_administracyjny Geography British archipelago has about 5500 islands. The largest of them are Great Britain, Ireland, Anglesey, Hebrides, Shetland, Orkney. Great Britain has an area of вЂ‹about 245 thousand km ВІ. In the north the main island are Old Scottish Highlands and Grampians. In the middle are Pennine Mountains and Cambrian Mountains. The highest peak is Ben Nevis. It has 1344 m above sea level. In the central and southern part of the island dominate lowlands. Coasts in the south-west are mostly cliffs and steep. In Scotland are fiord coasts. In Wales are rias coasts. On the island there are many postglacial forms for example: drumlins, eskers, glacial erratics. Sources: 1. http://www.sciaga.pl/tekst/90593-91-geografia_wielkiej_brytani 2. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geografia_Wielkiej_Brytanii Ben Nevis the highest peak in the UK. United Kindgdom's topography Rivers and lakes On the island is a dense network of rivers. The biggest are Thames, Severn, Trent, Mersey, Clyde. Rivers are short. The main river in the country is Thames (338 kmlenght ). Thames flows through London, and flows into to the North Sea. Most of the rivers are regulate (water gate, dams built from XV century). There are also many postglacial lakes (the biggest Lough Neagh, Loch Lomond, Loch Ness, Monar). The deepest lakes in the country are Loch Ness (226 m) and Monar (310 m). Sources: 1. http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geografia_Wielkiej_Brytanii#Wody River Thames in London Loch Ness History The Middle Ages celtic tribes populate the UK. They came from Eastern Europe. Inhabitants of the island have adopted their language and culture. The influx of Normans led to the Celtic migration to the lands of Scotland, Wales and Ireland. The Romans in 60 B.C. conquer the island. However in 409 A.D. they left the Great Britain due to the Celtic invasion. In the fifth century England was conquered by the Anglo-Saxon tribes and started Christianization of these lands. In eleventh century the Great Britain was conquered by the Normans. In 1534 Henry VIII created an independent Church of England apart from the Vatican. He began a new religion Christianity вЂ“ Anglicanism. In 1707 a personal union with Scotland joined England and it was transformed into a real union. In 1801 it was created into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. From 1837 to 1901 Queen Victoria took the throne. From 1901 the throne took the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha prevailing in the UK even today. Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Norman conquest of England Britain in 410 Henry VIII Queen Victoria Sport Sports which are popular in the UK are: football, football league, rugby league, rugby union, rowing, boxing, badminton, cricket, tennis, darts and golf. They were originated or developed in the United Kingdom. In most international competitions, separate teams represent England, Scotland and Wales. Great Britain has many stadiums for different sports. England has the best football league in the world вЂ“ Barclays Premier League. In Wimbledon in south London every summer are international tennis events The Championships, Wimbledon вЂ“ tennis tournament called temple tennis. Wembley Stadium in London is a football stadium Millennium Stadium in Cardiff is a rugby stadium Centre Court in Wimledon Monuments and attractions Big Ben The construction of this neo-Gothic tower was built in 1858. The clock was built by Edmund Beckett Denison, and the company EJ Dent & Co. in 1854. The clock face was designed by Augustus Pugin and set in a steel frame with a diameter of seven meters. The bell is named after Sir Benjamin Hall, a chief works in 1858. On 12 th September 2012, the tower was officially named Elizabeth Tower. London Eye London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames in London, England. The entire structure is 135 metres. It was erected in 1999 but was opened 9 th March 2000. The London Eye was designed by architects Frank Anatole, Nic Bailey, Steve Chilton, Malcolm Cook, Mark Sparrowhawk, Julia Barfield and David Marks. It costed 70 million pounds. Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace is the official residence and principal workplace of the British monarch. The palace is a setting for state occasions and royal hospitality. It is also a place for state ceremonies and official meetings of Heads of State. The palace was built in 1703 as the residence of the Duke of Buckingham.