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Lesson 12 EQ: Why did the Industrial Revolution start in

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Lesson 12
EQ:
Why did the Industrial Revolution
start in Great Britain?
• Objective:
– SWBAT explain why the Industrial Revolution
started in Great Britain
• Do Now:
– Pick an article of clothing you are wearing, write
down all the steps it would take to make the item
and get it to you.
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
• Homework:
– Enjoy your weekend! 
First and Second Agricultural
Revolution
• Dikes
– Protect farmland from the sea
• Fertilizer to improve soil
• Seed drill
– Invented by Jethro Tull
– Planted seeds in rows
First and Second Agricultural
Revolution Cont…
• Enclosure movement
– Taking over and fencing off land that once had
been shared by peasant farmers
– Purpose was to replace the many small strip farms
with larger fields
– Increased efficiency of farming
All these improvements in agriculture
led to…
• More food
• More food = increased population
Energy Revolution
• In addition to the Agricultural Revolution,
there was an energy revolution
• Coal was now used to fuel steam engines and
water wheels power machines
Industrial Revolution
• Time of change when production shifted from
simple hand tools to complex machines
powered by steam
• This caused many changes to take place in
society
Development of Factories
• Before the Industrial
Revolution things were
made in peoples' homes
– Called the domestic
system
• Now, new inventions will
be made
• These inventions are too
big for people's houses
and so they will be
moved to factories
Why did the Industrial Revolution
begin in Great Britain?
Why did the Industrial Revolution
begin in Great Britain?
•
•
•
•
•
•
Geographical advantages
Natural resources
Human resources
New technology
Large empire
Capital
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