Industrial Revolution Quiz вЂў 1. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?( what country) вЂў 2. What two natural resources did this country have in abundance? вЂў 3. Define the term enclosure movement вЂў 4. Name two inventions of the Agricultural revolution вЂў 5. Name the two men associated with the creation of the steam engine вЂў 6. In what year did Marx and publish the Communist Manifesto? The Industrial Revolution -Great Britain вЂў The Agricultural Revolution paves the way for the Industrial Revolution. вЂў The enclosure movement begins in England. вЂў New innovations in Agriculture - seed drill, crop rotation, mechanical reaper. вЂў By the 1850вЂ™s many farm workers moved to the city. The Factors of Production вЂў Great Britain had abundant land, capital, and labor. вЂў Great Britain had abundant supplies of Coal, Iron and Natural waterways. вЂў Managing a business was looked on as a good job or profession. вЂў The British colonies were a huge market and the British navy could deliver the goods. The Textile Industry вЂў Textile industry was the first industry to use mechanization. вЂў The factory system replaced the domestic system in producing textiles. вЂў New inventions like the flying shuttle, and the spinning mule increase production. вЂў Cotton becomes вЂњKingвЂќ, in the South to supply England. Steam Engines вЂў Water Power drove the early machines of the Industrial Revolution. вЂў Thomas Newcomen produced the first steam engine for draining mines. вЂў In 1760, James Watt produced the modern steam engine. вЂў Bessemer process developed to make steel used in steam engines. Industrialization takes off вЂў Coke gas used in iron production used in gas lights. Darby - coal to coke вЂў Samuel Slater smuggles textile secrets to the U.S. вЂў Andrew Carnegie brings the steel making Bessemer process to the U.S. вЂў Samuel Morse invents the telegraph and Morse Code. вЂў The Free market is allowed to determine who will be successful and who will be poor. The gap between rich and poor increases. Railroads and Steamboats Guglielmo Marconi вЂў 1814 George Stephenson perfected a locomotive, (The Rocket)- 29 mph. вЂў Robert Fulton perfected the steamboat ( The Clermont). вЂў The Cunard line built. Steam ships of iron and steel. вЂў The Communications Revolution Volta - the Battery, Marconi - radio, Morse telegraph. The Spread of Industry Cyrus McCormick вЂў The European continent was slow to industrialize. вЂў Belgium, France, and Germany developed much later than Great Britain. вЂў By 1870 the U.S. was second only to Great Britain as manufacturing nation. вЂў Eli Whitney - the cotton gin and Cyrus McCormick - the mechanical reaper. The Effects of Machines on Work Child Labor вЂў Machines allowed unskilled workers to become productive. вЂў Women and children worked for lower wages. ( Older skilled workers became unemployed). вЂў Wages were paid for hours or goods produced. Wages were determined by supply and demand. вЂў The owner of the factory owned the means of production. Factory Rules and Regulations Power Looms вЂў Working in early factories was dangerous, hard work. вЂў Normal work day was 14 hours, 6 days a week. вЂў Early factories were noisy, unsanitary, and unsafe. вЂў 5 year olds were employed in the coal mines and textile mills. вЂў Living conditions in homes were cramped and unhealthy. Development of the Middle Class Working Women вЂў Bankers, merchants, doctors, lawyers, became middle class. вЂў The middle class became wealthy during the industrial revolution. вЂў WomenвЂ™s role in the economy changed to one of lesser status. вЂў Domestic service was a common job for working women. вЂў Middle class women became nurses, teachers, social workers. The New Industrial Economy Eli Whitney вЂў Capitalism - When the individual controls the factors of production. вЂў Commercial capitalism trading goods and services. вЂў Industrial capitalism production and manufacturing of goods. вЂў Division of Labor - breaking work up into steps. вЂў Whitney- interchangeable parts. The Rise of the Corporation Model T Ford вЂў Mass Production - manufacturing a large number of identical items. вЂў Henry FordвЂ™s assembly line manufactured the Model T Ford. Cheap, reliable transportation. вЂў Sole proprietorship - business owned and run by one person. partnership is owned by two or more people. вЂў corporation - owners buy stock, Board of directors, shares. Business Cycles J.P. Morgan вЂў J.P. Morgan - U.S. financier who helped create Standard Oil and U.S. Steel. вЂў monopolies - control of the total production of a good or service by a single firm. вЂў cartel - a combination of corporations set up to control a good or service. вЂў Business cycle - alternating periods of prosperity and decline.