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LIFELONG GUIDANCE IN TURKEY

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Ministry of National Education
LIFELONG GUIDANCE IN
TURKEY
Д°brahim BГњKEL
Board Member of the Board of Education
Vienna, 09.04.2008
Current Situation
Guidance services in Turkey are implemented by Ministry of National Education
(MoNE), Turkish Employmnet Organization (Д°ЕћKUR), universities, private
sector, unions and associations at various levels.
Activities and actions taken within the context of Lifelong Guidance
пЃ®
Workshop on Vocational Guidance and Counselling Services (April 2004)
пЃ®
Collaboration Protocol on Vocational Information, Guidance and Counselling
Services (october 2004)
пЃ®
Workshop on National Policy and Action Plan on Vocational Guidance and
Counselling Services (May 2005)
пЃ®
Conference on the Support of the Development of Vocational Education and
Training in Turkey in the context of Copenhagen Process (November 2006)
пЃ®
Lifelong Learning Policy Paper under the SVET (Strengthening Vocational and
Technical Educational System in Turkey) Project (2006)
пЃ®
Conference on Vocational Guidance and Counselling Services in EU
harmonization Process of Turkey (November 2007)
пЃ®
Turkey’s Lifelong Learning Strategy Paper (December 2007)
пЃ®
Roles of Stakeholders in Process of Lifelong Guidance
1. Ministry of National Education (MoNE):
пЃ®
The guidance and counselling services of MoNE are based on pedagogical,
vocational,individual and social concepts.
пЃ®
These services are implemented by Guidance and Counselling Services in
schools within the context of guidance curricula.
пЃ®
An orientation portfolio prepared in cooperation with School Management,
Guidance Teacher and parents is given to primary school graduates.
пЃ®
Additionally guidance services in secondary education differs from primary
education. That is;
Secondary education consists of 4 years and 9th grade is a common grade. In
9th grades, there is an “Introduction and Orientation Lesson”. This lesson
covers 2 different modules one of which is related to vocational fields and
the other one is related to academic fields. These modules enable students to
familiarize with occupations and help them do a right choice of field for their
future.
Guidance Research Centers (GRC)
пЃ® 192 GRC have been established in Turkey.
пЃ® These centers provide services on guidance,
counselling and special education fields.
пЃ® Target groups:
students,parents, teachers and adults.
пЃ® Some projects implemented within the context of
guidance services by MoNE such as Vocational
Guidance and Counselling Component of
Secondary Education Project.
2. Turkish Employment Organization (Д°ЕћKUR)
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
The main role of Д°ЕћKUR is to support the human resources within
the context of employment by vocational guidance and vocational
counselling services.
Guidance services facilitate to obtain information about the
occupations, work life, employment opportunities, to assess the
obtained information and to develop self-identity.
Target Group:
People at the preliminary stage of career choice,
young people who will begin vocational education (primary and
secondary school students),
people who will take up a position for the fist time,
hard- core workers,
the unemployed who benefit from supplementary allowance,
people who want to develop their professional skills,
young people and adults who want to change their professions.
3.Higher Education
пЃ®
пЃ®
There are “Guidance and Physicological
Counselling Centers” and “Career Planning
Centers” in universities.
The aim of these centers is to support
individual and vocational development of
students.
4.Private Sector and Social Partners
пЃ®
Various institutions procure services from
private consultance companies for career
development of their staff.
пЃ®
Besides, employers and trade unions furnish
services within the context of vocational
guidance and counselling.
пЃ®
пЃ®
A Protocol on “Vocational Information, Guidance
and Counseling Services Cooperation” was signed by
the Ministry of National Education, Ministry of
Industry and Trade, Turkish Employment Organization,
State Planning Organization, and also some of the
partners such as The Union of Chambers and
Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, Turkish
Confederation of Employer Associations, The
Confederation of Turkish Tradesman and Craftsmen,
Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions, on 26 October
2004, to provide coordination and cooperation on
vocational information, guidance and counseling.
Studies on the determination of the qualifications are
carried out by the related partners as it is defined in the
protocol.
FUTURE PLANNING
пЃ®
The provision of lifelong guidance is a priority on the
Turkey’s agenda for access to lifelong learning,
creating economic prosperity and social inclusion.
пЃ®
The importance of collaboration between guidance
providers to ensure sharing of expertise and the
effective use of resources is well recognized by the
authorities and therefore a national guidance forum
can be held to experience on policy and practice
dialogue and to create more common understanding of
the reflection of guidance within the context of
lifelong learning.
Some of the Planned Specific Activities
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Preparation of an inventory on lifelong
guidance in Turkey is planned as a prior
activity.
Preparation of action plan on lifelong guidance
in Turkey is planned under the “Secondary
Education Project” and “Protocol on Vocational
Information, Guidance and Counseling Services
Cooperation”.
Support of lifelong guidance in Turkey by EUfunded IPA project.
Thanks for your
attention!
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