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LITHUANIANS IN NORTHERN IRELAND

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LITHUANIANS
IN
NORTHERN IRELAND
Neringa LiubinienД—
MIGRANT WORKERS
• The name �migrant workers’ is just
horrible. Couldn’t we be called simply
Eastern Europeans or Eastern colleagues,
just workers or something alongside these
lines…?
(from an interview with a Lithuanian woman)
HOW MANY…???
• Since May, 2004:
• UK
Poles - 65% of the total (390,000) – followed by…
Lithuanians -11% (66,000)
• NI
Poles - 35,000/45,000
Lithuanians - 3,500/4,000
(Home Office figures - 27.02.06)
WHEN DID THEY COME…?
• Before the EU Enlargement
� 7 years ago…
� 5 years ago…
• After the EU Enlargement:
пѓ�
пѓ�
пѓ�
пѓ�
3 years ago…
2 years ago…
Almost a year ago…
Several months ago…
Plans
• to stay for a short
period of time
Reality
they are here until now…
HOW & WHY DID THEY
COME…?
• Legally
&
в�ј work permits
Illegally
в�ј tourists
• Because they were invited by
–
–
–
–
Friends
Relatives
Acquaintances
Employers/recruitment agencies
• They came
– to earn some or a lot of money
– to live
– to join family, friends or acquaintances
WHY NORTHERN IRELAND…???
• Good question!
• For no particular reason, except that…
– somebody offered a job there
– somebody had unsuccessful start in Ireland/London
– family/friends already were in NI
• And now
–
–
–
–
–
they like here…
local people are friendly…
they feel secure…
they think to move to other places
they think about returning to Lithuania…after some time
WHERE DO THEY LIVE…???
• Everywhere !!!
– from Belfast to Trillick
• Main concentration places:
– Dungannon area, Belfast area, Omagh area – depends on
work places
• In rented houses:
– rent alone or share with others (depends)
• In bought houses:
– live with family
WHAT LANGUAGE DO THEY
SPEAK?
English
Lithuanian
Russian
And more…
WHAT RELIGION ARE THEY…?
Catholics
Protestants
Mormons
Non-religious
WHAT DO THEY DO…?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
They work (farm, factory, shop, pub, school, NGO …)
They study (school, languages)
They start their business (shop, hairdresser’s)
They travel (in NI, to LT, Spain and other)
They create families, divorce, have children
Their bring their families & relatives here
They make friends
They go out (cinemas, theatres, pubs, friends)
They create art, work places &…problems
They help … sometimes
WHAT DO THEY PLAN…?
•
•
•
•
To stay for good in NI
They don’t plan anything
They plan to return to LT after some time
They don’t know: life is unpredictable
• To start business
• To finish school
• To find love
• To pursue career
• To earn some money
• To live happily
WHAT ARE THEY / WE LIKE…?
The �picture’ depends on the viewer:
1. NI about Lithuanians
• Victims (e.g. of harassment; racial attacks; exploitation …)
• Members of ethnic minorities (e.g. Ethnic-Minority Achievement
Service)
• Migrant workers (e.g. “Your Rights In Northern Ireland: A Guide for
Migrant Workers”)
• Normal people (e.g. ~ like us; Irish also emigrated a lot; …)
• �Second-class’ people (thieves; alcoholics; take our jobs; do you have a
CD players in LT? …)
• Immigrants
2. Lithuanians about Lithuanians
Usually negative words are used
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Jealous
Unfriendly
Closed
Afraid of smth/smb
Not pushing
Tend to exploit other Lithuanians
Not-organized
3. Me about Lithuanians
general impressions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Like risk (driving while drunk, without insurance, work illegally)
Not interested in anything – Very interested in various things
Closed (small circle) – Communicative (open)
Negative towards LT – Missing & loving LT – Indifferent to LT
Following events in LT – Not interested
Usually, they maintain some relations with LT (family; estate; holidays)
Saving money – spending money – sending money/investing in LT
Loving or hating local food
Celebrating national festivals – Irish and Lithuanian
Cooking at home, partying at home
Gardening (in the backyards)
Bringing some beloved people and things from home
Shopping in LIDL & East European food shops
Most popular: bread & herring
Buying Lithuanian newspapers & magazines
Lithuanians about others
• Locals in NI:
–
–
–
–
–
NaГЇve;
Difficult to have business with;
Racists;
Very friendly;
Very helpful.
• Latvians: brothers
• Polish:
– no big love towards the Poles;
– negativity without concrete reasons;
– stereotypes.
SO WHERE’S THEIR HOME…?
• In Lithuania
• Don’t know where…
• Here in NI
• Where is their family
NI is:
–
–
–
–
–
Transitional stop…
The second home…
Temporary home…
New home…
My home…
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