British Culture An Introduction How many countries make up the United Kingdom? вЂў Answer: Four вЂ“ England вЂ“ Scotland вЂ“ Wales вЂ“ Northern Ireland What is the current currency of The United Kingdom? вЂў The Pound вЂў Although the UK joined the EU in 1973, thus far the country has not switch their currency to the Euro. This has helped keep the UK financially strong, вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ $1= в‚¬ .69 $1= ВЈ.62 в‚¬1 = ВЈ.90 So for example, if you liked a desk that was ВЈ200, you would be paying $321. Who is the current Monarch? вЂў Queen Elizabeth IIвЂ”not to be confused with the Virgin Queen Elizabeth of the Elizabethan/Shakespearean age. вЂў Next in line to the throne? вЂ“ Prince Charles вЂў Then? вЂ“ Prince William Where does the monarch OFFICIALLY reside? вЂў Buckingham Palace What famous river flows through London? вЂў The Thames (pronounced вЂњTimsвЂќ What Centuries did William Shakespeare Live? вЂў 16th and 17th; baptized in 1564, died in 1616. вЂ“ Apprx. 38 plays вЂ“ 154 sonnets вЂ“ Other prominent works How many times did King Henry VIII get married? What is the name of at least one of his wives? вЂў Six times вЂў His wives include (in this order)вЂ¦ вЂ“ Catherine of Aragon (Spanish Princess) вЂў Divorced вЂ“ Anne Boleyn (mother of Elizabeth I) вЂў Executed вЂ“ Jane Seymore вЂў Died вЂ“ Anne of Cleves вЂў Divorced вЂ“ Kathryn Howard вЂў Executed вЂ“ Katherine Parr вЂў Widowed What are the two largest political parties in the UK? вЂў Conservative вЂў Labour Where are the crown jewels kept? вЂў The Tower of London вЂ“ Most haunted вЂ“ Former prisoners Where were the Beatles from? вЂў Liverpool Who is Nessie and where does she reside? вЂў Loch Ness Monster; Loch Ness (lake in Scotland) What is a Double Decker? вЂў A two story bus St. George is the patron saint of EnglandвЂ”what is he famous for killing? вЂў A dragon What is the most popular food in Britain? вЂў Fish and chips Most famous timepiece? вЂў Big Ben Works cited (pictures) in order вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Microsoft clip art bedandbreakfasts.co.uk visitbritain.co.uk; nihongo.istockphoto.com topnews.in treehugger.com latelink.com; londonpermaculturalists.ning.com Microsoft clip art royalpaperdolls.com aboutmyarea.co.uk goingtolondon.wikispaces.com liverpoollodge.com paranormal.about.com; scotland-calling.com; tripadvisor.co.uk Microsoft clip art (2) frot.co.nz englisheso.wikispaces.com UK US Clothing Items UK US UK School Terms US Food Knickers Underwear/ panties Jumper Sweater Rubber eraser Public School Private Chips School Vest Undershirt State School Public Jelly School Wellies crosswalk Runner galoshes Zebra Crossing Beans Green beans Trainers Sneakers Marks Biscuit grades Biscuit Scone Cookie FRIES Jello вЂў Open the dictionary to a Etymology random page. вЂў Look at the first word on Main Entry: etВ·yВ·molВ·oВ·gy Pronunciation: \-jД“\ the page and make note Function: noun Inflected Form(s): plural etВ·yВ·molВ·oВ·gies Etymology: Middle English ethimologie, from of the etymology Anglo-French, from Latin etymologia, from Greek, from etymon + -logia -logy Date: 14th century 1 : the history of a linguistic form (as a word) shown вЂў Words noted as AS or OE by tracing its development since its earliest recorded occurrence in the language where it is found, by are native; the rest are tracing its transmissionfrom one language to another, by analyzing it into its component parts, by identifying borrowed its cognates in other languages, or by tracing it and its cognates to a common ancestral form in an ancestral language 2 : a branch of linguistics concerned with etymologiesвЂў Make note of the etymologies of 15 words at the TOP of 15 separate pages What is the ratio? 2 Native вЂў Outlandish (OE) вЂў Woodruff (OE) 13 Borrowed вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Irrevocable (Latin) Jangle (O French) Motion (Latin) Pointillism (French) Pulse (Latin) Serviette (O French) Suit (Latin) Vamplate (Anglo-Norman French) Wheedle (German) Zygoma (Greek) Adequate (Latin) Aperture (Latin) Close (Latin) 2:13 (13%) Percentage Latin/Greek вЂў 8/13 = 62% Percentage Other вЂў 5/13 = 13% What does this imply about the ENGLISH language? Our Language вЂў English is incredibly diverse! вЂў English dictionaries: 600,000 wordsвЂ”closest rival (German): 185,000 words вЂў Knowing where language originates from allows us to connect and understand how and why we communicate the way we do. PУ™ter Sanskrit Classical Greek Latin Gothic Old Irish French Spanish Portuguese English German Piter Pater Pater Fadar Athir Pere Padre Pai Father Vater Proto Indo European IndoIranian Greek Albanian Latin Balto-Slavic Baltic Sanskrit Hindi Iranian Persian Bengali Kurdish Slavic Celtic Welsh Romanian Bretan French GГ¦lic Russian Spanish Latvian Portuguese Lithuanian Ukrainian Italian Czech Slovak SerbCroatian Germanic PУ™ter Sanskrit Classical Greek Latin Gothic Old Irish French Spanish Portuguese English German Piter Pater Pater Fadar Athir Pere Padre Pai Father Vater Germanic North Germanic East Germanic Old Norse West Norse West Germanic Low Gothic East Norse High Old High German Swedish Icelandic Danish Old English Old Frisian Norwegian West Saxon Middle English Anglian Modern English Kentish Old Low German Old Low Franconian Old Saxon Old English вЂў Old English has different LETTERS. вЂў "Thorn" (Гћ or Гѕ) вЂ“ Cloth (clГЎГѕ) вЂ“ Thin вЂў The letter "eth" (Г°) вЂ“ Clothes вЂ“ Then вЂў Old English does not require a specific word order, the way Middle and Modern English do. вЂў Instead, OE uses declensions (little endings stuck on the end of nouns) Middle English вЂў Spelling has not yet been formalized in a systematic way, and many Latinate terms have entered English through intermediary French influences under the Norman conquerors in 1066. Early Modern English вЂў ShakespeareвЂ™s day вЂ“ thou/you, вЂ“ thy/your, вЂ“ thine/yours, вЂў Shakespeare's alphabet in the early modern is practically identical to ours вЂў Doesn't yet have identical punctuation conventions to ours. For instance, the exclamation mark still wasn't invented in 1590.