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Worldwide Destinations The Geography of Travel and

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Worldwide Destinations
The Geography of Travel
and Tourism
Learning Objectives
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Define and use the terms leisure, recreation, and tourism and understand
their interrelation-ships.
Distinguish between the different forms of tourism - and the
relationship of different types of tourist with the environment.
Appreciate the importance of scale in explaining patterns of tourism.
Identify the three major geographical components of tourism - touristgenerating areas, tourist-receiving areas, and transit routes.
Explain the push and pull factors that give rise to tourist flows.
Appreciate the main methods used to measure tourist flows and be
aware of their shortcomings.
Worldwide Destinations
•
•
•
•
•
•
Definitions and Terms
Definition of Tourism
Spatial Scale
Components of the Tourism System
Spatial Interaction
Classifications and Forms of Tourism
Definitions and Terms
• Definitions and Terms
–Leisure
–Time, attitude and choice
–Recreation
–Activity during leisure time
–Tourism
–Recreation or business activities of
persons staying away from home for
one night or more
•Definitions of Tourism
–Demand side or supply side (TSA)
–Purpose of visit
–Usual environment
–Types of traveller
Figure 1.1
“The activities of persons travelling to
and staying in places outside their usual
environment for not more than one
consecutive year for leisure business
and other purposes.”
United Nations Statistical
Commission definition of tourism
Spatial Scale
•
•
–
–
•
Spatial expression of tourism as an activity
A way of thinking
World to personal scale
Macro to micro
Provides different perpectives
Components of the Tourism
System
• Tourist generating region
• Transit zone
• Tourist destination region
• All set within political, social economic and
environmental contexts
Figure 1.2
Spatial Interaction
•
•
–
–
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•
•
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Tourist flows – push and pull factors
Explaining interaction
distance
business links
attractiveness
Gravity model, forecasting models
Measuring flows
Tourist volume and characteristics
expenditure
Classifications and Forms of
Tourism
• By type of destination (domestic/international)
• Characteristics of the tourist (Smith)
• By characteristics of the tourism system (e.g. ecotourism)
• By market (purpose of visit)
• By interaction with the destination
(mass/alternative)
• By distance (long haul/short haul)
Table 1.1
Table 1.2
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