close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

TNCs * Case Studies

код для вставкиСкачать
TNCS – CASE STUDIES
• Royal Dutch Shell in Nigeria
• Apple and Foxconn
• Others…
Apple Inc.
• Multinational Corp.
• Headquarters in Cupertino,
California.
• Founded by Steve
Jobs, Steve Wozniak
and Ronald Wayne in
1976.
Stats
• 2nd largest IT company by revenue.
• 3rd largest mobile phone maker.
• Fortune magazine named Apple the most
admired company in the world in 2008 –
2012.
• 2013 Apple surpassed Coca-Cola to
become the most valuable brand.
• Revenue: 170.910 billion.
Criticisms
• Environmental Record
• Labour Practices
Environmental Record
• Climate Change and clean energy
• Greenpeace released a report April 21, 2011
highlighting that data centers used 2% of global
electricity.
• April 17, 2012 Apple released a statement
committing to ending the use of coal and
shifting to 100% clean energy.
• In 2013 Apple announced it was using 100%
renewable energy for data centers, overall 75%
renewable.
Labour Practices
• 2006 reports of working conditions at
factories in China, Foxconn and Inventec,
producers of the iPod.
• 200,000 workers that lived and worked in
the factory.
• Workers: 60 hr weeks, $100 per month.
Labour Practices
• Apple investigated, instituted yearly audits
of workers rights.
• A number of suicides occurred at Foxconn,
workers were forced to sign �no suicide’
pacts.
• 2011, child labour practices were also
highlighted.
• Also – discrimination against women,
ethnic minorities, withholding pay, etc.
• http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/29/
apple-supplier-accused-of-laborabuses_n_3669526.html?ncid=txtlnkushpm
g00000029
Tax
• Tax avoidance!
Article
• http://www.economist.com/node/16231588/
print
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
10
Размер файла
191 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа